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Publication numberUS20090151895 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 11/959,320
Publication dateJun 18, 2009
Filing dateDec 18, 2007
Priority dateDec 18, 2007
Publication number11959320, 959320, US 2009/0151895 A1, US 2009/151895 A1, US 20090151895 A1, US 20090151895A1, US 2009151895 A1, US 2009151895A1, US-A1-20090151895, US-A1-2009151895, US2009/0151895A1, US2009/151895A1, US20090151895 A1, US20090151895A1, US2009151895 A1, US2009151895A1
InventorsPeng Liu
Original AssigneeFu Zhun Precision Industry (Shen Zhen) Co., Ltd., Foxconn Technology Co., Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat dissipation device
US 20090151895 A1
Abstract
A heat dissipation device for removing heat from a heat generating-component mounted on a printed circuit board includes a heat sink and two heat pipes. The heat sink comprises a base plate in contact with the heat-generating component, two conducting arms extending upwardly and obliquely from two opposite ends of the base plate, a plurality of first fins extending upwardly from top surfaces of the base plate and the two conducting arms, and a plurality of second fins extending downwardly from bottoms surfaces of the conducting arms. The two heat pipes each comprise an evaporating section received in the base plate, at least a condensing section received in one of the conducting arms and at least a connecting section connecting at least an end of the evaporating section and the at least a condensing section.
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Claims(20)
1. A heat dissipation device adapted for removing heat from a heat generating-component mounted on a printed circuit board comprising:
a first heat sink comprising a first plate having a first horizontal part in contact with the heat generating-component and two oblique parts integrally extending obliquely from two opposite ends of the first horizontal part, a plurality of first fins extending downwardly from bottom surfaces of the two oblique parts;
a second heat sink in complementary with the first heat sink, comprising a second plate having a second horizontal part and two oblique parts integrally extending obliquely from two opposite ends of the first horizontal part, a plurality of second fins extending upwardly from top surfaces of the second plate;
two heat pipes each comprising an evaporating section, two condensing sections, two connecting sections connecting two opposite ends of the evaporating section with the two condensing sections;
wherein the two evaporating sections of two heat pipes are sandwiched between two horizontal parts of the first and second plates, the condensing sections of one of the two heat pipes are sandwiched between the corresponding oblique parts of the first and second plates and the two connecting sections are located beyond the first and second heat sinks.
2. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the condensing sections of the heat pipes are parallel to the evaporating sections and perpendicular to the connecting sections, and the condensing sections of the heat pipes are located at a same side of the evaporating sections.
3. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two connecting sections are located to two lateral sides of the oblique parts of the first and second plates.
4. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein receiving grooves are correspondingly defined in a top surface of the first plate and in a bottom surface of the second plate, and cooperate with one another to form receiving through holes to receive the evaporating sections and the condensing sections of the heat pipes.
5. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the through holes extending in a direction parallel to that of the first and second fins, and perpendicular to two lateral sides of the first and second plates.
6. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two oblique parts of the first or second plates are symmetrical to each other relative to a midline of the horizontal part of the first or two plate.
7. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first and second fins are perpendicular to the horizontal parts of the first and second plates.
8. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein bottom ends of the first fins level with each other.
9. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 1, wherein top ends of the second fins are coplanar.
10. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 9, wherein heights of the first fins at the oblique parts increase gradually toward a lateral direction from the horizontal part to the oblique parts of the first heat sink, heights of the second fins arranged on the oblique parts decrease gradually toward a lateral direction from the horizontal part toward the oblique parts of the second heat sink.
11. A heat dissipation device for removing heat from a heat generating-component mounted on a printed circuit board comprising:
a heat sink comprising a base plate in contact with the heat-generating component, two conducting arms extending upwardly and obliquely from two opposite ends of the base plate, a plurality of first fins extending upwardly from top surfaces of the base plate and the two conducting arms, and a plurality of second fins extending downwardly from bottoms surfaces of the conducting arms; and
two heat pipes each comprising an evaporating section received in the base plate, at least a condensing section received in one of the conducting arms and at least a connecting section connecting at least an end of the evaporating section and the at least a condensing section.
12. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 11, wherein the base plate and the conducting arms therein defines through holes receiving the corresponding evaporating and condensing sections.
13. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 12, wherein the through holes extend in a direction parallel to the first and second fins, and perpendicular to two lateral sides of the base plate and the conducting arms.
14. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 11, wherein the two conducting arms plates are symmetrical to each other relative to a midline of the base plate.
15. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 11, wherein the first and second fins are perpendicular to the base plates.
16. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 11, wherein bottom ends of the first fins level with each other and top ends of the second fins are coplanar.
17. A heat dissipation device comprising:
a first heat sink having a first base plate and a pair of first wings slantwise extending outwardly and upwardly from two opposite free ends of the first base plate, a plurality of first fins extending vertically and downwardly from a bottom surface of each first wing;
a second heat sink having a second base plate parallel and corresponding to the first base plate of the first heat sink and a pair of second wings slantwise extending outwardly and upwardly from two opposite free ends of the second base plate, a plurality of second fins extending vertically and upwardly from top surfaces of the second base plate and the second wings; and
first and second heat pipes sandwiched between the first and second heat sinks, the first and second heat pipes each having an evaporating section sandwiched between the first and second base plates, and a condensing section interconnecting the evaporating section via a connecting section;
wherein the condensing sections of the first and second heat pipes are embedded in the first and second wings, the connecting sections of the first and second heat pipes are exposed out of the first and second wings.
18. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 17, wherein a bottom surface of the first fins is coplanar with a bottom surface of the first base plate of the first heat sink, a bottom surface of the second fins is coplanar.
19. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 18, wherein the evaporating sections of the first and second heat pipes are parallel to the condensing sections of the first and second heat pipes.
20. The heat dissipation device as claimed in claim 19, wherein the first and second heat pipes each comprise another condensing section parallel to the evaporating sections and another connecting section parallel to said connecting sections.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is related to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/308,852 filed on May 15, 2006 and entitled “HEAT PIPE TYPE HEAT DISSIPATION DEVICE”; the co-pending U.S. patent application is assigned to the same assignee as the instant application. The disclosure of the above-identified application is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention generally relates to heat dissipation devices, and more particularly to a heat pipe type heat dissipation device for removing heat from a heat-generating electronic component.

2. Description of Related Art

Computer electronic components, such as central processing units (CPUs), generate great amounts of heat during normal operation. If not quickly removed this can deteriorate their operational stability and damage associated electronic equipment. Thus the heat must be removed quickly to ensure normal operation thereof. A heat sink is often attached to a top surface of a CPU to remove heat therefrom.

A conventional heat sink is made of highly heat-conductive metal, such as copper or aluminum, and generally includes a base portion for contacting the electronic component to absorb heat therefrom and a plurality of fins formed on the base portion for dissipating heat. However, as the operating speed of electronic components has been continually upgraded, these kinds of conventional heat sinks can no longer meet the heat dissipation requirements of modern IC packages. In recent years, heat pipes have been widely used due to their great heat-transferring capability. Accordingly, heat sinks equipped with heat pipes come into widespread use.

Conventionally, a heat sink incorporated with heat pipes comprises a base, a plurality of individual fins located above the base and two U-shaped heat pipes thermally connecting the fins and the base together. The fins are spaced from each other, parallel to the base and define corresponding through holes therein. Each of the heat pipes comprises an evaporating section attached to a top surface of the base and two condensing sections extending perpendicularly from two opposite ends of the evaporating section and received in the corresponding through holes of the fins. In use of such type of heat sink, heat generated by the heat-generating component can be absorbed by the base and then transfer to the fins via the heat pipes timely to dissipate into ambient air.

However, the fins are discrete from each other and each of the fins is a thin flake and has flanges extending perpendicularly from edges of the through holes thereof to maximize a contacting area between the heat pipes and the fins, manufacturing of such fins is very expensive and time-consuming. Additionally, combination of the fins and the heat pipes completed by soldering is no so good in reliability that in risk of collapse when last a long time.

What is needed is a improved heat dissipation device can overcome the above problems.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A heat dissipation device for removing heat from a heat generating-component mounted on a printed circuit board includes a heat sink and two heat pipes. The heat sink comprises a base plate kept in contacting with the heat-generating component, two conducting arms extending upwardly and obliquely from two opposite ends of the base plate, a plurality of first fins extending upwardly from top surfaces of the base plate and the two conducting arms, and a plurality of second fins extending downwardly from bottoms surfaces of the conducting arms. The two heat pipes each comprise a evaporating section received in the base plate, at least a condensing section received in one of the conducting arms and at least a connecting section connecting at least an end of the evaporating section and the at least a condensing section.

Other advantages and novel features will become more apparent from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Many aspects of the present embodiments can be better understood with reference to the following drawings. The components in the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale, the emphasis instead being placed upon clearly illustrating the principles of the present embodiment. Moreover, in the drawings, like reference numerals designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

FIG. 1 is an assembled isometric view of a heat dissipation device in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an exploded, isometric view of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is an inverted view of FIG. 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, a heat dissipation device in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention is adapted for dissipating heat from a heat-generating component 42 which is mounted on a printed circuit board 40. The heat dissipation device is cuboid in configuration and comprises a first heat sink 10 having a bottom surface contacting with the heat-generating component 42, a second heat sink 20 disposed on the first heat sink 10 and two tortuous heat pipes 30 sandwiched between the first and second heat sinks 10, 20.

Particularly referring to FIG. 2, the first heat sink 10 integrally formed of a metal with a good heat conductivity such as aluminum, copper and allay, comprises a first plate 12 and a plurality of first fins 14 extending vertically and downwardly from two lateral portions of the first plate 12. The first plate 12 comprises a first horizontal part 122 and two first oblique parts 124 extending obliquely from two opposite ends of the first horizontal part 122. The two first oblique parts 124 are symmetrical to each other relative to a midline of the first horizontal part 122. The horizontal part 122 in a top surface thereof defines two spaced first receiving grooves 1220 that perpendicular to two lateral sides thereof. Each of the oblique parts 124 in a top surface thereof defines two spaced second receiving grooves 1240 that perpendicular to two lateral sides thereof, wherein an outer one of the second receiving grooves 1240 is adjacent to free end of the corresponding first oblique part 124. The first fins 14 are perpendicular to the horizontal part 122 of the first plate 12 and extend vertically from bottom surfaces of the two oblique parts 124 of the first plate 12. Bottom ends of the first fins 14 level with a bottom surface of the first horizontal part 122, it means heights of the first fins 14 increase gradually along two lateral directions from the opposite ends of the horizontal part 122 toward ends of the oblique parts 124.

Particularly referring to FIG. 3, the second heat sink 20 is integrally formed of a metal with a good heat conductivity such as aluminum, copper and allay. The second heat sink 20 is complementary with the first heat sink 10 and comprises a second plate 22 similar to the first plate 12 of the first heat sink 10 and a plurality of second fins 24 extending vertically and upwardly from two lateral portions of the second plate 22. The second plate 22 comprises a second horizontal part 222 and two second oblique parts 224 extending obliquely from two opposite ends of the second horizontal part 222. The two second oblique parts 224 are symmetrical to each other relative to a midline of the second horizontal part 222. The horizontal part 222 in a bottom surface thereof defines two spaced first receiving grooves 2220 that are perpendicular to two lateral sides thereof. Each of the oblique parts 224 in a bottom surface thereof defines two spaced second receiving grooves 2240 that perpendicular to two lateral sides thereof, wherein an outer one of the second receiving grooves 2240 is adjacent to free end of the corresponding second oblique part 224. The first and second receiving grooves 2220, 2240 of the second plate 22 of the second heat sink 20 are corresponding to the first and second receiving grooves 1220, 1240. The second fins 24 are perpendicular to the horizontal part 222 of the second plate 22 and extend vertically from bottom surfaces of the two oblique parts 224 of the second plate 22. Top ends of the second fins 24 level with each other, it means heights of the second fins 24 decrease gradually along two lateral directions from ends of oblique parts 224 to the opposite ends of the horizontal part 222. When the first and second heat sink 10, 20 are assembled together, the first and second plates 12, 22 are combined together to define a base plate; the first and second oblique parts 124, 224 are respectively combined to define two conducting arms; the first and second receiving grooves 2220, 2240 of the second plate 22 of the second heat sink 20 respectively cooperate with the first and second receiving grooves 1220, 1240 of the first plate 12 of the first heat sink 10 to form a first through hole in the base plate and second through holes for receiving the heat pipes 30 in each of the conducting arms.

Each of the heat pipes 30 comprises an evaporating section 32, a first condensing section 34, a first connecting section 33 connecting an end of the evaporating section 32 and the first condensing section 34, a second condensing section 36 parallel to the evaporating section 32, and a second connecting section 35 connecting another end of the evaporating section 32 and the second condensing section 36 together. The first condensing section 34 is located between and parallel to the evaporating section 32 and the second condensing section 36. The first condensing section 34 is more far away from the evaporating section 32 than the second condensing section 36. The first and second connecting sections 33, 35 are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the evaporating section 32.

In assembly of the heat dissipation device, the second heat sink 20 is disposed on the first heat sink 10 and complementary with the first heat sink 10. The two evaporating sections 32 of the two heat pipes 30 are intimately received in the first through holes of the base plate. The first and second condensing sections 34, 36 of each of the heat pipes 30 are intimately received in the second through holes of one of the conducting arm adjacent to the corresponding first through hole. The two connecting sections 33, 35 of each of the heat pipes 30 are exposed out of the first and second heat sinks 10, 20 and located at two lateral sides of one of the two conducting arms.

In use of the heat dissipation device, heat absorbed by the base plate is transferred to the two conducting arms and then distributed to the fins 14, 24 to dissipate into ambient. A thermal conductive capability between the base plate and the two conducting arms is dramatically enhanced, heat accumulated in the base plate is more quickly conducted to the conducting arms and heat dissipation efficiency of the heat dissipation device is thus greatly improved. As contacting area between the first and second heat sink 10, 20 is adequately large, assembly of the first, second heat sink 10, 20 and the heat pipes 30 sandwiched between the first and second heat pipes 30 is more secure and reliable.

It is believed that the present embodiments and their advantages will be understood from the foregoing description, and it will be apparent that various changes may be made thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing all of its material advantages, the examples hereinbefore described merely being preferred or exemplary embodiments of the invention.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7692925 *Dec 5, 2008Apr 6, 2010Fu Zhun Precision Industry (Shen Zhen) Co., Ltd.Heat dissipation device
US8020611 *Sep 19, 2008Sep 20, 2011Fu Zhun Precision Industry (Shen Zhen) Co., Ltd.Heat dissipating device having G-shaped heat pipes and heat sinks
US20110290450 *May 31, 2010Dec 1, 2011Asia Vital Components Co., Ltd.Heat Dissipation Module
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/80.2, 165/104.26
International ClassificationF28D15/00, F28F7/00
Cooperative ClassificationF28D15/0275, H01L23/467, H01L23/427
European ClassificationF28D15/02N, H01L23/427, H01L23/467
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 18, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: FOXCONN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., TAIWAN
Owner name: FU ZHUN PRECISION INDUSTRY (SHEN ZHEN) CO., LTD.,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:LIU, PENG;REEL/FRAME:020265/0071
Effective date: 20071206