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Publication numberUS20090203538 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 12/318,829
Publication dateAug 13, 2009
Filing dateJan 9, 2009
Priority dateJul 10, 2006
Also published asEP2078732A1, EP2078732A4, US20140235833, WO2008007648A1
Publication number12318829, 318829, US 2009/0203538 A1, US 2009/203538 A1, US 20090203538 A1, US 20090203538A1, US 2009203538 A1, US 2009203538A1, US-A1-20090203538, US-A1-2009203538, US2009/0203538A1, US2009/203538A1, US20090203538 A1, US20090203538A1, US2009203538 A1, US2009203538A1
InventorsAtsushi Sugioka, Mototaka Sugiura, Yasushi Akahori, Nobuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takasaki, Miwa Morita, Gene Kurosawa, Mariko Sumitomo, Susumu Tsutsumi, Keiko Ogawa, Kazuki Matsuda, Chiho Muramatsu, Noriko Satou, Masachika Azuma, Yoshinori Ukai, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Yoshikazu Kurosawa, Miho Tanaka, Mamoru Shiraishi
Original AssigneeInstitute For Antibodies Co., Ltd.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of classifying antibody, method of identifying antigen, method of obtaining antibody or antibody set, method of constructing antibody panel and antibody or antibody set and use of the same
US 20090203538 A1
Abstract
It is intended to provide a method whereby a plural number of antibodies against cell surface antigens are quickly classified and to provide a method whereby antigens of the thus classified antibodies are quickly identified. Further, it is intended to provide a method of promoting the utilization of the useful data obtained by the above methods. Furthermore, it is intended to provide an antibody which is effective in treating or diagnosing cancer. Namely, a method of classifying antibodies which comprises: (1) the step of preparing a plural number of antibodies respectively recognizing cell surface antigens; (2) the step of bringing each of these antibodies into contact with a cell of the same species; (3) the step of analyzing each of the cells having been treated in the step (2) by flow cytometry and thus obtaining data indicating the reactivity of each antibody with its cell surface antigen; and (4) the step of comparing the thus obtained data and classifying the individual antibodies depending on the similarity. A method of identifying antigens which further comprises: (5) the step of selecting one to several antibodies from each antibody group formed in the step (4) and identifying antigens thereof; and (6) on the assumption that antigens of the antibodies belonging to a single antibody group are the same or highly related to one another, making relations between the antigens having been identified in the step (5) and the antibody groups to thereby identify the antigens. An antibody against HER1, an antibody against HER2, an antibody against CD46, an antibody against ITGA3, an antibody against ICAM1, an antibody against ALCAM, an antibody against CD147, an antibody against C1qR, an antibody against CD44, an antibody against CD73, an antibody against EpCAM and an antibody against HGFR, each obtained by using the above methods.
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Claims(63)
1. A method of classifying antibody including the following steps:
(1) preparing a plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen;
(2) bringing each of the antibodies into contact with cells of the same kinds;
(3) analyzing each cell after step (2) by flow cytometry so as to obtain data showing reactivity between the antibody and the cell surface; and
(4) comparing the obtained data and classifying antibodies based on the similarity of the data.
2. The method of classifying antibody according to claim 1, wherein the cell surface antigen is an intact cell surface antigen.
3. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the cell surface antigen is a cell surface antigen of a cancer cell.
4. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of antibodies recognize cell surface antigen are composed of an assembly of antibodies derived from antibody clones selected as being capable of recognizing a cell surface antigen, from an antibody library.
5. The classifying method according to claim 4, wherein the antibody library is a phage antibody library.
6. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the antibody is an antibody to which a label material is bound or fused.
7. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the antibody does not include a label material and the method includes a step of labeling the antibody bound to the cell after step (2).
8. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the cell is an established cell line.
9. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the cell is an established cancer cell line.
10. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the data are shown in a histogram showing a relationship between a binding amount of antibodies and a number of cells, and the similarity of the data is determined by comparing the shapes of the histograms.
11. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein the data are shown in a histogram showing a relationship between a binding amount of antibodies and a number of cells, and the similarity of the data is determined based on one or more values selected from the group consisting of a median value, a mode, a maximum value, a range, a standard deviation, a kurtosis and a skewness of the histogram.
12. The classifying method according to claim 11, wherein the similarity of the data is determined based on the values of the median value, the mode, and the kurtosis and a skewness of the histogram.
13. The classifying method according to claim 10, wherein the binding amount of antibody is shown by a fluorescence intensity.
14. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein in step (4), a plurality of antibodies having the identical or high similar data are classified into one antibody group.
15. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein two or more kinds of cells are prepared and each kind of cell is subjected to steps (2) to (4).
16. The classifying method according to claim 15, wherein a plurality of antibodies having the identical or high similar data with respect to two or more kinds of cells in the cells are classified into one antibody group.
17. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein an antibody that has been determined to have a low reactivity with respect to the cell surface antigen during classification or after classification is excluded.
18. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein classification results of antibodies are displayed as a panel.
19. The classifying method according to claim 1, wherein after step (4), the following steps are carried out:
(i) associating the classified antibodies to a combination of n pieces of parameters including a first parameter, a second parameter, . . . , and an n-th parameter (wherein, n represents an integer of 2 or more, each parameter has two or more parameter values and the same parameter value is given to two or more antibodies in each parameter);
(ii) with respect to each parameter, preparing antibody mixtures of the antibodies having the same parameter value;
(iii) examining a reactivity of each of the antibody mixtures with a target antigen by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) so as to specify the antibody mixture which shows reactivity;
(iv) specifying a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture;
(v) selecting an antibody corresponding to the combination specified in the step (iv) in terms of all parameters among the antibodies subjected to step (i); and
(vi) classifying the selected antibodies into one antibody group.
20. The classifying method according to claim 19, wherein the steps (i) to (v) are repeated several times under the conditions in which the combination of parameters is different in each trial; an antibody in which results of all trials are not contradictory is selected; and the antibody is subjected to the step (vi).
21. The classifying method according to claim 19, further including the following steps between the step (v) and the step (vi);
(v-1) newly associating the classified antibodies selected in step (v) with a combination of n pieces of parameters in a same manner as in the step (i);
(v-2) with respect to each parameter, preparing the antibody mixture of antibodies having the same parameter value for each parameter;
(v-3) examining a reactivity of each of the antibody mixtures with a target antigen by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) so as to specify the antibody mixture showing the reactivity;
(v-4) determining a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture; and
(v-5) selecting an antibody having the combination specified in the step (v-4) in terms of all parameters among the antibodies subjected to the step (v-1).
22. The classifying method according to claim 21, wherein the steps (v-1) to (v-4) are repeated twice or more.
23. The classifying method according to claim 19, wherein n is 3.
24. The classifying method according to claim 19, wherein two or more kinds of target antigens are prepared and the steps (iii) to (vi) are carried out by using each target antigen.
25. The classifying method according to claim 19, wherein the target antigen is an antigen selected from the group consisting of HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, IgSF4, BCAM, C1qR, CD44, CD73, LAR, EpCAM and HGFR.
26. An identifying method of an antigen including the following steps:
(1) preparing a plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen;
(2) bringing each of the antibodies into contact with cells of the same kind;
(3) analyzing each cell after step (2) by flow cytometry so as to obtain data showing the reactivity between the antibody and the cell surface;
(4) comparing the obtained data and classifying antibodies based on the similarity of the data;
(5) selecting one or several antibodies from each antibody group formed in the step (4) and identifying an antigen thereof; and
(6) associating the antigens identified in the step (5) with an antibody group, based on the estimation that antigens to antibodies belonging to the same antibody group are identical or have high relationship.
27. The identification method according to claim 26, wherein in the step (5), one antibody is selected from each antibody group.
28. The identification method according to claim 26, wherein in the step (5), from the results of a flow cytometry analysis, an antibody that is determined to have a high reactivity with respect to an antigen is selected.
29. The identification method according to claim 26, wherein in the step (5), the identification of an antigen is carried out by one or more methods selected from the group consisting of an immunoprecipitation test, Western blotting, affinity chromatography, proteomics techniques (electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, genome data base retrieve, and analysis by bioinformatics), and an expression analysis of corresponding gene.
30. The identification method according to claim 26, further including a step of examining a reactivity between an antigen identified in the step (5) and an antibody belonging to an antibody group with which the antigen is associated in the step (6) so as to confirm that the estimation is correct.
31. The identification method according to claim 26, wherein an identification result of antigen is displayed as a panel.
32. The identification method according to claim 31, wherein the panel is any of the following (a) to (c):
(a) a panel displaying a plurality of antibodies showing identical or high similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) as one antibody group in which each antibody group is associated with its antigen;
(b) a panel displaying a plurality of antibodies showing identical or high similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) as one antibody group in which each antibody group is associated with a cell expressing a cell surface antigen recognized by the each antibody group; and
(c) a panel displaying a plurality of antibodies showing identical or high similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) as one antibody group in which each antibody group, its antigen and a cell expressing a cell surface antigen recognized by the antibody group are associated with each other.
33. A method of obtaining an antibody having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) selecting an antibody in the antibody group, to which an antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, as a useful antibody.
34. A method of obtaining an antibody having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) selecting an antibody in the antibody group, to which an antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, as a useful antibody.
35. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3′) selecting a disease to which two or more antibodies show a specific reactivity, then selecting antibodies from the antibody group, to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to the disease belongs, and combining the selected antibodies.
36. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to two kinds or more diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) selecting antibodies from the antibody group, to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of disease belongs, and combining the selected antibodies.
37. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) selecting an antibody from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, and an antibody belonging to other antibody group whose antigen is common to that of the antibody group, and combining the selected antibodies.
38. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing the common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic conditions, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a pathologic condition; and
(3) connecting information about the reactivity and then combining the antibodies in the antibody groups.
39. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting one or two or more antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3′) selecting a disease to which two or more antibodies show a specific reactivity, then selecting antibodies from an antibody group which the antibodies showing a specific reactivity to the disease belong to, and combining the selected antibodies.
40. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease in two or more kinds of diseases; and
(3) selecting antibodies from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belong, and combining the selected antibodies.
41. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) selecting an antibody from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of disease belongs, and an antibody belonging to other antibody group whose antigen is common to that of the antibody group, and combining the selected antibodies.
42. A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing the common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic conditions, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a pathologic condition; and
(3) associating information about the reactivity and then combining the antibodies in the antibody groups.
43. The obtaining method according to claim 33, wherein the disease is selected from the group consisting of: kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, alveolar cell carcinoma, lung squamous cell cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, pancreas cancer, adenocarcinoma, and ovarian cancer.
44. The obtaining method according to claim 33, wherein in the step (2), the reactivity is examined by one or more methods selected from the group consisting of an immunostaining procedure, an immunoprecipitation method, a flow cytometry analysis, cell ELISA, an intermolecular interactive analysis between a disease-related molecule (disease causative gene product and the like) and an antibody, and application test to a disease model cell (or animal).
45. An isolated antibody obtained by the method according to claim 33.
46. An antibody set obtained by the method described in claim 35.
47. A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.
48. A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.
49. A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a pathologic condition, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing a common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 1;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic condition, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain pathologic condition of disease; and
(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.
50. A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.
51. A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and
(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.
52. A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a pathologic condition, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing a common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to claim 19;
(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic condition, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain pathologic condition of disease; and
(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.
53. A panel produced by the method according to claim 47.
54. (canceled)
55. A method of testing a disease in which a cell surface antigen is an indicator, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) preparing a cell or a tissue separated from a subject;
(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel according to claim 53; and
(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel.
56. A method of selecting an optimum treatment method for a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) preparing a cell or a tissue separated from a subject;
(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel according to claim 53;
(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel, and
(4) selecting an effective antibody according to the results of collating.
57. The method according to claim 56, wherein the effective antibody is an antibody showing a specific reactivity in the step (2) or an antibody equivalent thereto.
58. The method according to claim 56, wherein the certain disease is a disease in which a cell surface antigen selected from the group consisting of HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, IgSF4, BCAM, C1qR, CD44, CD73, LAR, EpCAM and HGFR is an indicator.
59. The method according to claim 56, wherein the panel displays two or more antibodies selected from the group consisting of 048-006 antibody, 057-091 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 048-040 antibody, 054-101 antibody, 055-147 antibody, 059-173 antibody, 067-149 antibody, 067-176 antibody, 015-126 antibody, 015-044 antibody, 015-102 antibody, 015-136 antibody, 015-143 antibody, 015-209 antibody, 039-016 antibody, 053-216 antibody, 075-024 antibody, 075-110 antibody, 086-032 antibody, 086-035 antibody, 086-036 antibody, 086-061 antibody, 086-138 antibody, 086-182 antibody, 035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, 3172-120 antibody, 066-069 antibody, 015-003 antibody, 064-002 antibody, 064-006 antibody, 064-012a antibody, 064-012b antibody, 064-014 antibody, 064-054 antibody, 064-085 antibody, 064-093 antibody, 064-116 antibody, 065-183 antibody, 067-142 antibody, 068-007 antibody, 052-033 antibody, 053-042 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody, 053-085 antibody, 035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, 041-118 antibody, 066-174 antibody, 083-040 antibody, 029-143 antibody, 045-134 antibody, 062-101 antibody, 062-109 antibody, 084-103 antibody, 052-274 antibody, 029-067 antibody, 083-131 antibody, 059-053 antibody, 064-003 antibody, 067-213 antibody, 067-153 antibody, 067-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, 067-287 antibody, 064-044 antibody, 065-030 antibody, 065-358 antibody, 066-019 antibody, 079-085 antibody, 067-024 antibody and 076-048 antibody.
60. A method of selecting an optimum treatment method of a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:
(1) preparing a panel displaying a reactivity between one or more antibodies selected from the group consisting of 048-006 antibody, 015-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, 064-044 antibody, 076-048 antibody and 059-053 antibody, and a clinical cancer tissue of one or more diseases selected from the group consisting of squamous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, alveolar adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma, and a cell or tissue separated from a subject;
(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel;
(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel, and
(4) selecting an effective antibody according to the results of collating.
61. The method according to claim 60, wherein the effective antibody is an antibody showing a specific reactivity in the step (2) or an antibody equivalent thereto.
62. The method according to claim 60, wherein the certain disease is a disease selected from the group consisting of squamous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, alveolar adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.
63-85. (canceled)
Description
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation-in-part of international application No. PCT/JP2007/063689, filed Jul. 9, 2007, which claims priority to Japanese applications No. 2006-189872, filed Jul. 10, 2007 and No. 2007-058458, filed Mar. 8, 2008. The contents of these three applications are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a method of classifying a plurality of antibodies, a method of identifying antigen, a panel displaying characteristics of an antibody, and the like, as well as an antibody related to a disease and a use thereof.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Success of Herceptin to breast cancer (see, non-patent document 1) and Rituxan (non-patent document 2) to malignant lymphoma B shows that an antibody is effective as a therapeutic agent to a cancer. Certain antibodies exhibit an ADCC effect (non-patent document 3) and/or a CDC effect (non-patent document 4) by forming a complex with an antigen molecule existing on the cell membrane and the effects kill a target cell (cell expressing an antigen). The ADCC effect or the CDC effect may cause apoptosis. Such an effect of an antibody is specific to an antigen. That is to say, an antibody acts on cells expressing an antigen which the antibody recognizes regardless of whether the cells are cancer cells or normal cells. Therefore, the success in development of antibody therapeutic agents to cancers is dependent on discovery of antigens expressing in a cancer-specific manner and recognized by an antibody so as to cause the ADCC effect or the CDC effect. An antibody against to such an antigen is a promising candidate of a therapeutic agent capable of reliably killing target cancer cells while minimizing the influence (side effect) on normal cells.

In antibody drug development, it is essential to obtain antibodies that recognize “intact state” target cancer antigens existing on the surface of a cell membrane. However, since the target cancer antigen is membrane protein, it has been difficult to obtain an antibody against even known cancer antigen. In order to solve these problems, present inventors have produced a huge human antibody library including as many as 100 billion independent clones and established a comprehensive acquisition method for antibodies to proteins (cell surface antigens) existing on the surface of the cell membrane of cancer cells and tissues by using the library (patent documents 1 to 3).

[Patent document 1] WO01/062907
[Patent document 2] WO2001/096401
[Patent document 3] Japanese Patent Unexamined Publication No. 2005-185281
[Non-patent document 1] Mass R, et al.: The Concordance Between the Clinical Trials Assay (CTA) and Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization (FISH) in the Herceptin Pivotal Trials.: Proc Am Soci Clin Oncol 19, 75a, 2000
[Non-patent document 2] Berinstein N L, Grillo-Lopez A J, White C A, Bence-Bruckler I, Maloney D, Czuczman M, et al. Association of serum Rituximab (IDEC-C2B8) concentration and anti-tumor response in the treatment of recurrent low-grade or follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Annals of Oncology 1998, 9:995-1001.
[Non-patent document 3] Bruggemann M., Williams G. T., Bindon C. I., Clark M. R., Walker M. R., Jefferis R., Waldmann H., Neuberger M. S. (1987). Comparison of the effector functions of human immunoglobulins using a matched set of chimeric antibodies. J. Exp. Med., 166, 1351-1361.
[Non-patent document 4] Loos M. (1982). The classical complement pathway: mechanism of activation of the first component by antigen-antibody complexes. Prog. Allergy, 30, 135-192. Mol. Immunol. 1982 May; 19 (5): 651-7.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Currently, the present inventors can comprehensively obtain antibodies to cell surface antigens. As the next step, it is necessary to identify an antibody to each antibody and to screen useful antibodies. However, it will take a much labor and time and considerably high cost to individually identify an antigen for the comprehensively obtained antibodies.

Furthermore, the comprehensively obtained antibodies may include unnecessary antibodies from the viewpoint that they do not have sufficient affinity and reactivity, or they have substantially the same as the other antibodies. Therefore, method for efficiently screening useful antibodies has been demanded.

On the other hand, the comprehensively obtained antibodies may include antibodies such as candidates of diagnostic agents and therapeutic agents, which are extremely important from the medical viewpoint.

Under such circumstances, the present invention aims at the effective use of comprehensively obtained antibodies to cell surface antigens in medical fields and research fields, and has an object to provide a useful method therefor. That is to say, the present invention has an object to provide a method of classifying a plurality of antibodies to cell surface antigens rapidly. Also, the present invention has another object to provide a method of rapidly identifying an antigen for the antibody. Furthermore, the present invention has a further object to provide a method of promoting to use useful information obtained by such methods. The present invention has a yet further object to provide an antibody effective for treatment and diagnosis of cancers.

In view of the above-mentioned objects, the present inventors carry out an analysis of an antibody by the following approach: preparing cell lines that are expected to express cell surface antigens for the obtained antibodies; allowing each antibody to react with the cell lines; and carrying out the flow cytometry analysis.

The present inventors focus on the histogram of the results of the flow cytometry analysis and classify the antibodies based on the similarity so as to obtain a plurality of antibodies groups. Then, it is confirmed that antigens to antibodies belonging to the same antibody group are common. This fact means that it is possible to determine antigens for all antibodies by selecting the respective antibody in each antibody group and identifying the antigen of the representative antibody. Thus, the present inventors have succeeded in finding a method for identifying antigens comprehensively and rapidly. On the other hand, the present inventors carry out classification of antibodies and identification of an antigen according to the above-mentioned technique and consider the reactivity between each antibody group and clinical samples so as to search for clinically applicable antibodies. As a result, the present inventors have succeeded in finding a novel antibody specific to certain kinds of cancers. Furthermore, they have reached the findings that information obtained by using a clinical sample (relationship between the antibody and disease) is extremely useful for establishing methods for diagnosis and treatment.

The present invention provides, for example, a method of classifying antibody, and the like, mentioned below based on the above-mentioned results and findings.

<Method of Classifying Antibody>

[1] A method of classifying antibody including the following steps:

(1) preparing a plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen;

(2) bringing each of the antibodies into contact with cells of the same kinds;

(3) analyzing each cell after step (2) by flow cytometry so as to obtain data showing reactivity between the antibody and the cell surface; and

(4) comparing the obtained data and classifying antibodies based on the similarity of the data.

[2] The method of classifying antibody according to [1], wherein the cell surface antigen is an intact cell surface antigen.
[3] The classifying method according to [1] or [2], wherein the cell surface antigen is a cell surface antigen of a cancer cell.
[4] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the plurality of antibodies recognize cell surface antigen are composed of an assembly of antibodies derived from antibody clones selected as being capable of recognizing a cell surface antigen, from an antibody library.
[5] The classifying method according to [4], wherein the antibody library is a phage antibody library.
[6] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the antibody is an antibody to which a label material is bound or fused.
[7] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the antibody does not include a label material and the method includes a step of labeling the antibody bound to the cell after step (2).
[8] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the cell is an established cell line.
[9] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the cell is an established cancer cell line.
[10] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the data are shown in a histogram showing a relationship between a binding amount of antibodies and a number of cells, and the similarity of the data is determined by comparing the shapes of the histograms.
[11] The classifying method according to [1], wherein the data are shown in a histogram showing a relationship between a binding amount of antibodies and a number of cells, and the similarity of the data is determined based on one or more values selected from the group consisting of a median value, a mode, a maximum value, a range, a standard deviation, a kurtosis and a skewness of the histogram.
[12] The classifying method according to [11], wherein the similarity of the data is determined based on the values of the median value, the mode, and the kurtosis and a skewness of the histogram.
[13] The classifying method according to [10] or [11], wherein the binding amount of antibody is shown by a fluorescence intensity.
[14] The classifying method according to [1], wherein in step (4), a plurality of antibodies having the identical or high similar data are classified into one antibody group.
[15] The classifying method according to [1], wherein two or more kinds of cells are prepared and each kind of cell is subjected to steps (2) to (4).
[16] The classifying method according to [15], wherein a plurality of antibodies having the identical or high similar data with respect to two or more kinds of cells in the cells are classified into one antibody group.
[17] The classifying method according to [1], wherein an antibody that has been determined to have a low reactivity with respect to the cell surface antigen during classification or after classification is excluded.
[18] The classifying method according to [1], wherein classification results of antibodies are displayed as a panel.
[19] The classifying method according to any of [α] to [18], wherein after step (4), the following steps are carried out:

(i) associating the classified antibodies to a combination of n pieces of parameters including a first parameter, a second parameter, . . . , and an n-th parameter (wherein, n represents an integer of 2 or more, each parameter has two or more parameter values and the same parameter value is given to two or more antibodies in each parameter);

(ii) with respect to each parameter, preparing antibody mixtures of the antibodies having the same parameter value;

(iii) examining a reactivity of each of the antibody mixtures with a target antigen by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) so as to specify the antibody mixture which shows reactivity;

(iv) specifying a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture;

(v) selecting an antibody corresponding to the combination specified in the step (iv) in terms of all parameters among the antibodies subjected to step (i); and

(vi) classifying the selected antibodies into one antibody group.

[20] The classifying method according to [19], wherein the steps (i) to (v) are repeated several times under the conditions in which the combination of parameters is different in each trial; an antibody in which results of all trials are not contradictory is selected; and the antibody is subjected to the step (vi).
[21] The classifying method according to [19], further including the following steps between the step (v) and the step (vi);

(v-1) newly associating the classified antibodies selected in step (v) with a combination of n pieces of parameters in a same manner as in the step (i);

(v-2) with respect to each parameter, preparing the antibody mixture of antibodies having the same parameter value for each parameter;

(v-3) examining a reactivity of each of the antibody mixtures with a target antigen by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) so as to specify the antibody mixture showing the reactivity;

(v-4) determining a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture; and

(v-5) selecting an antibody having the combination specified in the step (v-4) in terms of all parameters among the antibodies subjected to the step (v-1).

[22] The classifying method according to [21], wherein the steps (v-1) to (v-4) are repeated twice or more.
[23] The classifying method according to any of [19] to [22], wherein n is 3.
[24] The classifying method according to any of [19] to [23], wherein two or more kinds of target antigens are prepared and the steps (iii) to (vi) are carried out by using each target antigen.
[25] The classifying method according to any of [19] to [24], wherein the target antigen is an antigen selected from the group consisting of HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, IgSF4, BCAM, C1qR, CD44, CD73, LAR, EpCAM and HGFR.

<Identifying Method of Antigen>

[26] An identifying method of an antigen including the following steps:

(1) preparing a plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen;

(2) bringing each of the antibodies into contact with cells of the same kind;

(3) analyzing each cell after step (2) by flow cytometry so as to obtain data showing the reactivity between the antibody and the cell surface;

(4) comparing the obtained data and classifying antibodies based on the similarity of the data;

(5) selecting one or several antibodies from each antibody group formed in the step (4) and identifying an antigen thereof; and

(6) associating the antigens identified in the step (5) with an antibody group, based on the estimation that antigens to antibodies belonging to the same antibody group are identical or have high relationship, and.

[27] The identification method according to [26], wherein in the step (5), one antibody is selected from each antibody group.
[28] The identification method according to [26], wherein in the step (5), from the results of a flow cytometry analysis, an antibody that is determined to have a high reactivity with respect to an antigen is selected.
[29] The identification method according to [26], wherein in the step (5), the identification of an antigen is carried out by one or more methods selected from the group consisting of an immunoprecipitation test, Western blotting, affinity chromatography, proteomics techniques (electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, genome data base retrieve, and analysis by bioinformatics), and an expression analysis of corresponding gene.
[30] The identification method according to [26], further including a step of examining a reactivity between an antigen identified in the step (5) and an antibody belonging to an antibody group with which the antigen is associated in the step (6) so as to confirm that the estimation is correct.
[31] The identification method according to [26], wherein an identification result of antigen is displayed as a panel.
[32] The identification method according to [31], wherein the panel is any of the following (a) to (c):

(a) a panel displaying a plurality of antibodies showing identical or high similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) as one antibody group in which each antibody group is associated with its antigen;

(b) a panel displaying a plurality of antibodies showing identical or high similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) as one antibody group in which each antibody group is associated with a cell expressing a cell surface antigen recognized by the each antibody group; and

(c) a panel displaying a plurality of antibodies showing identical or high similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) as one antibody group in which each antibody group, its antigen and a cell expressing a cell surface antigen recognized by the antibody group are associated with each other.

<Method of Obtaining Antibody or Antibody Set, Antibody or Antibody Set to be Obtained>

[33] A method of obtaining an antibody having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting an antibody in the antibody group, to which an antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, as a useful antibody.

[34] A method of obtaining an antibody having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting an antibody in the antibody group, to which an antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, as a useful antibody.

[35] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3′) selecting a disease to which two or more antibodies show a specific reactivity, then selecting antibodies from the antibody group, to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to the disease belongs, and combining the selected antibodies.

[36] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to two kinds or more diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting antibodies from the antibody group, to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of disease belongs, and combining the selected antibodies.

[37] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting an antibody from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, and an antibody belonging to other antibody group whose antigen is common to that of the antibody group, and combining the selected antibodies.

[38] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing the common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic conditions, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a pathologic condition; and

(3) connecting information about the reactivity and then combining the antibodies in the antibody groups.

[39] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting one or two or more antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3′) selecting a disease to which two or more antibodies show a specific reactivity, then selecting antibodies from an antibody group which the antibodies showing a specific reactivity to the disease belong to, and combining the selected antibodies.

[40] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease in two or more kinds of diseases; and

(3) selecting antibodies from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belong, and combining the selected antibodies.

[41] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting an antibody from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of disease belongs, and an antibody belonging to other antibody group whose antigen is common to that of the antibody group, and combining the selected antibodies.

[42] A method of obtaining an antibody set having a relationship with respect to a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing the common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic conditions, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a pathologic condition; and

(3) associating information about the reactivity and then combining the antibodies in the antibody groups.

[43] The obtaining method according any of [33] to [42], wherein the disease is selected from the group consisting of kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, alveolar cell carcinoma, lung squamous cell cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, pancreas cancer, adenocarcinoma, and ovarian cancer.
[44] The obtaining method according any of [33] to [42], wherein in the step (2), the reactivity is examined by one or more methods selected from the group consisting of an immunostaining procedure, an immunoprecipitation method, a flow cytometry analysis, cell ELISA, an intermolecular interactive analysis between a disease-related molecule (disease causative gene product and the like) and an antibody, and application test to a disease model cell (or animal).
[45] An isolated antibody obtained by the method according to [33] or [34].
[46] An antibody set obtained by the method described in any of [35] to [42].

<Production Method of Panel, Panel, and Combination of Antibody or Antibody Set and Panel>

[47] A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

[48] A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

[49] A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a pathologic condition, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing a common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [1];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic condition, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain pathologic condition of disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

[50] A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

[51] A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

[52] A production method of a panel displaying a relationship between an antibody and a pathologic condition, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing a common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to [19];

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic condition, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain pathologic condition of disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

[53] A panel produced by the method according to any of [47] to [52].
[54] A combination of an antibody or an antibody set and a panel selected from the group consisting of the following (a) to (d);

(a) a combination of the isolated antibody obtained by the method according to [33] and the panel produced by the method according to [47];

(b) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [35] and the panel produced by the method according to [47];

(c) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [36] and the panel produced by the method according to [48];

(d) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [37] and the panel produced by the method according to [48];

(e) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [38] and the panel produced by the method according to [49];

(f) an isolated antibody obtained by the method according to [34] and the panel produced by the method according to [50];

(g) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [39] and the panel produced by the method according to [50];

(h) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [40] and the panel produced by the method according to [51];

(i) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [41] and the panel produced by the method according to [51]; and

(j) a combination of the antibody set obtained by the method according to [42] and the panel produced by the method according to [52].

[55] A method of testing a disease in which a cell surface antigen is an indicator, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing a cell or a tissue separated from a subject;

(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel according to [53]; and

(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel.

<Method of Selecting Optimum Treatment Method>

[56] A method of selecting an optimum treatment method for a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing a cell or a tissue separated from a subject;

(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel according to [53];

(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel, and

(4) selecting an effective antibody according to the results of collating.

[57] The method according to [56], wherein the effective antibody is an antibody showing a specific reactivity in the step (2) or an antibody equivalent thereto.
[58] The method according to [56] or [57], wherein the certain disease is a disease in which a cell surface antigen selected from the group consisting of HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, IgSF4, BCAM, C1qR, CD44, CD73, LAR, EpCAM and HGFR is an indicator.
[59] The method according to any of [56] to [58], wherein the panel displays two or more antibodies selected from the group consisting of 048-006 antibody, 057-091 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 048-040 antibody, 054-101 antibody, 055-147 antibody, 059-173 antibody, 067-149 antibody, 067-176 antibody, 015-126 antibody, 015-044 antibody, 015-102 antibody, 015-136 antibody, 015-143 antibody, 015-209 antibody, 039-016 antibody, 053-216 antibody, 075-024 antibody, 075-110 antibody, 086-032 antibody, 086-035 antibody, 086-036 antibody, 086-061 antibody, 086-138 antibody, 086-182 antibody, 035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, 3172-120 antibody, 066-069 antibody, 015-003 antibody, 064-002 antibody, 064-006 antibody, 064-012a antibody, 064-012b antibody, 064-014 antibody, 064-054 antibody, 064-085 antibody, 064-093 antibody, 064-116 antibody, 065-183 antibody, 067-142 antibody, 068-007 antibody, 052-033 antibody, 053-042 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody, 053-085 antibody, 035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, 041-118 antibody, 066-174 antibody, 083-040 antibody, 029-143 antibody, 045-134 antibody, 062-101 antibody, 062-109 antibody, 084-103 antibody, 052-274 antibody, 029-067 antibody, 083-131 antibody, 059-053 antibody, 064-003 antibody, 067-213 antibody, 067-153 antibody, 067-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, 067-287 antibody, 064-044 antibody, 065-030 antibody, 065-358 antibody, 066-019 antibody, 079-085 antibody, 067-024 antibody and 076-048 antibody.
[60] A method of selecting an optimum treatment method of a certain disease, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing a panel displaying a reactivity between one or more antibodies selected from the group consisting of 048-006 antibody, 015-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, 064-044 antibody, 076-048 antibody and 059-053 antibody, and a clinical cancer tissue of one or more diseases selected from the group consisting of squamous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, alveolar adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma, and a cell or tissue separated from a subject;

(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel;

(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel, and

(4) selecting an effective antibody according to the results of collating.

[61] The method according to [60], wherein the effective antibody is an antibody showing a specific reactivity in the step (2) or an antibody equivalent thereto.
[62] The method according to [60] or [61], wherein the certain disease is a disease selected from the group consisting of squamous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, alveolar adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.

<Isolated Antibody>

[63] An isolated antibody having affinity to HER1, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (3);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) to (6);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (7) to (9) and (13) to (18); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (10) to (12) and (19) to (24);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 4 and SEQ ID NO: 8 (2) SEQ ID NO: 12 and SEQ ID NO: 16 (3) SEQ ID NO: 20 and SEQ ID NO: 24 (4) SEQ ID NO: 3, SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 7, and SEQ ID NO: 8 (5) SEQ ID NO: 11, SEQ ID NO: 12, SEQ ID NO: 15, and SEQ ID NO: 16 (6) SEQ ID NO: 19, SEQ ID NO: 20, SEQ ID NO: 23, and SEQ ID NO: 24 (7) SEQ ID NO: 2, SEQ ID NO: 3, SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 6, SEQ ID NO: 7, and SEQ ID NO: 8 (8) SEQ ID NO: 10, SEQ ID NO: 11, SEQ ID NO: 12, SEQ ID NO: 14, SEQ ID NO: 15, and SEQ ID NO: 16 (9) SEQ ID NO: 18, SEQ ID NO: 19, SEQ ID NO: 20, SEQ ID NO: 22, SEQ ID NO: 23, and SEQ ID NO: 24 (10) SEQ ID NO: 1, and SEQ ID NO: 5 (11) SEQ ID NO: 9, and SEQ ID NO: 13 (12) SEQ ID NO: 17, and SEQ ID NO: 21 (13) SEQ ID NO: 484 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 485 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 486 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 488 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 489 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 490 (VL CDR3) (14) SEQ ID NO: 492 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 493 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 494 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 496 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 497 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 498 (VL CDR3) (15) SEQ ID NO: 500 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 501 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 502 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 504 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 505 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 506 (VL CDR3) (16) SEQ ID NO: 508 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 509 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 510 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 512 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 513 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 514 (VL CDR3) (17) SEQ ID NO: 516 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 517 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 518 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 520 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 521 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 522 (VL CDR3) (18) SEQ ID NO: 524 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 525 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 526 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 528 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 529 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 530 (VL CDR3) (19) SEQ ID NO: 483 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 487 (VL) (20) SEQ ID NO: 491 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 495 (VL) (21) SEQ ID NO: 499 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 503 (VL) (22) SEQ ID NO: 507 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 511 (VL) (23) SEQ ID NO: 515 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 519 (VL), and (24) SEQ ID NO: 523 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 527 (VL)

[64] An isolated antibody having affinity to HER2, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (2);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (3) and (5) to (19); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) and (20) to (34);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 28, and SEQ ID NO: 32 (2) SEQ ID NO: 27, SEQ ID NO: 28, SEQ ID NO: 31, and SEQ ID NO: 32 (3) SEQ ID NO: 26, SEQ ID NO: 27, SEQ ID NO: 28, SEQ ID NO: 30, SEQ ID NO: 31, and SEQ ID NO:32 (4) SEQ ID NO: 25, and SEQ ID NO: 29 (5) SEQ ID NO: 532 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 533 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 534 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 536 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 537 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 538 (VL CDR3) (6) SEQ ID NO: 540 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 541 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 542 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 544 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 545 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 546 (VL CDR3) (7) SEQ ID NO: 548 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 549 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 550 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 552 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 553 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 554 (VL CDR3) (8) SEQ ID NO: 556 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 557 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 558 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 560 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 561 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 562 (VL CDR3) (9) SEQ ID NO: 564 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 565 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 566 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 568 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 569 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 570 (VL CDR3) (10) SEQ ID NO: 572 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 573 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 574 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 576 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 577 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 578 (VL CDR3) (11) SEQ ID NO: 580 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 581 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 582 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 584 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 585 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 586 (VL CDR3) (12) SEQ ID NO: 588 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 589 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 590 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 592 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 593 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 594 (VL CDR3) (13) SEQ ID NO: 596 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 597 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 598 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 600 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 601 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 602 (VL CDR3) (14) SEQ ID NO: 604 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 605 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 606 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO:608 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO:609 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 610 (VL CDR3) (15) SEQ ID NO: 612 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 613 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 614 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 616 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 617 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 618 (VL CDR3) (16) SEQ ID NO: 620 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 621 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 622 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 624 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 625 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 626 (VL CDR3) (17) SEQ ID NO: 628 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 629 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 630 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 632 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 633 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 634 (VL CDR3) (18) SEQ ID NO: 636 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 637 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 638 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 640 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 641 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 642 (VL CDR3) (19) SEQ ID NO: 644 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 645 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 646 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 648 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 649 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 650 (VL CDR3) (20) SEQ ID NO: 531 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 535 (VL) (21) SEQ ID NO: 539 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 543 (VL) (22) SEQ ID NO: 547 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 551 (VL) (23) SEQ ID NO: 555 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 559 (VL) (24) SEQ ID NO: 563 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 567 (VL) (25) SEQ ID NO: 571 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 575 (VL) (26) SEQ ID NO: 579 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 583 (VL) (27) SEQ ID NO: 587 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 591 (VL) (28) SEQ ID NO: 595 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 599 (VL) (29) SEQ ID NO: 603 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 607 (VL) (30) SEQ ID NO: 611 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 615 (VL) (31) SEQ ID NO: 619 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 623 (VL) (32) SEQ ID NO: 627 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 631 (VL) (33) SEQ ID NO: 635 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 639 (VL), and (34) SEQ ID NO: 643 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 647 (VL)

[65] An isolated antibody having affinity to CD46 antigen, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (7);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (8) to (14);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (15) to (22); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (23) to (30);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 36, and SEQ ID NO: 40 (2) SEQ ID NO: 44, and SEQ ID NO: 48 (3) SEQ ID NO: 52, and SEQ ID NO: 56 (4) SEQ ID NO: 60, and SEQ ID NO: 64 (5) SEQ ID NO: 68, and SEQ ID NO: 72 (6) SEQ ID NO: 76, and SEQ ID NO: 80 (7) SEQ ID NO: 84, and SEQ ID NO: 88 (8) SEQ ID NO: 35, SEQ ID NO: 36, SEQ ID NO: 39, and SEQ ID NO: 40 (9) SEQ ID NO: 43, SEQ ID NO: 44, SEQ ID NO: 47, and SEQ ID NO: 48 (10) SEQ ID NO: 51, SEQ ID NO: 52, SEQ ID NO: 55, and SEQ ID NO: 56 (1) SEQ ID NO: 59, SEQ ID NO: 60, SEQ ID NO: 63, and SEQ ID NO: 64 (12) SEQ ID NO: 67, SEQ ID NO: 68, SEQ ID NO: 71, and SEQ ID NO: 72 (13) SEQ ID NO: 75, SEQ ID NO: 76, SEQ ID NO: 79, and SEQ ID NO: 80 (14) SEQ ID NO: 83, SEQ ID NO: 84, SEQ ID NO: 87, and SEQ ID NO: 88 (15) SEQ ID NO: 34, SEQ ID NO: 35, SEQ ID NO: 36, SEQ ID NO: 38, SEQ ID NO: 39, and SEQ ID NO: 40 (16) SEQ ID NO: 42, SEQ ID NO: 43, SEQ ID NO: 44, SEQ ID NO: 46, SEQ ID NO: 47, and SEQ ID NO: 48 (17) SEQ ID NO: 50, SEQ ID NO: 51, SEQ ID NO: 52, SEQ ID NO: 54, SEQ ID NO: 55, and SEQ ID NO: 56 (18) SEQ ID NO: 58, SEQ ID NO: 59, SEQ ID NO: 60, SEQ ID NO: 62, SEQ ID NO: 63, and SEQ ID NO: 64 (19) SEQ ID NO: 66, SEQ ID NO: 67, SEQ ID NO: 68, SEQ ID NO: 70, SEQ ID NO: 71, and SEQ ID NO: 72 (20) SEQ ID NO: 74, SEQ ID NO: 75, SEQ ID NO: 76, SEQ ID NO: 78, SEQ ID NO: 79, and SEQ ID NO: 80 (21) SEQ ID NO: 82, SEQ ID NO: 83, SEQ ID NO: 84, SEQ ID NO: 86, SEQ ID NO: 87, and SEQ ID NO: 88 (22) SEQ ID NO: 756 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 757 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 758 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 760 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 761 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 762 (VL CDR3) (23) SEQ ID NO: 33, and SEQ ID NO: 37 (24) SEQ ID NO: 41, and SEQ ID NO: 45 (25) SEQ ID NO: 49, and SEQ ID NO: 53 (26) SEQ ID NO: 57, and SEQ ID NO: 61 (27) SEQ ID NO: 65, and SEQ ID NO: 69 (28) SEQ ID NO: 73, and SEQ ID NO: 77 (29) SEQ ID NO: 81, and SEQ ID NO: 85 (30) SEQ ID NO: 755 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 759 (VL)

[66] An isolated antibody having affinity to ITAG3, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (2);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (3) and (5) to (16); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) and (17) to (28);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 92, and SEQ ID NO: 96 (2) SEQ ID NO: 91, SEQ ID NO: 92, SEQ ID NO: 95, and SEQ ID NO: 96 (3) SEQ ID NO: 90, SEQ ID NO: 91, SEQ ID NO: 92, SEQ ID NO: 94, and SEQ ID NO: 95, (4) SEQ ID NO: 89, and SEQ ID NO: 93 (5) SEQ ID NO: 676 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 677 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 678 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 680 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 681 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 682 (VL CDR3) (6) SEQ ID NO: 684 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 685 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 686 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 688 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 689 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 690 (VL CDR3) (7) SEQ ID NO: 692 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 693 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 694 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 696 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 697 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 698 (VL CDR3) (8) SEQ ID NO: 700 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 701 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 702 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 704 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 705 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 706 (VL CDR3) (9) SEQ ID NO: 708 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 709 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 710 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 712 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 713 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 714 (VL CDR3) (10) SEQ ID NO: 716 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 717 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 718 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 720 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 721 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 722 (VL CDR3) (11) SEQ ID NO: 724 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 725 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 726 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 728 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 729 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 730 (VL CDR3) (12) SEQ ID NO: 732 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 733 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 734 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 736 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 737 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 738 (VL CDR3) (13) SEQ ID NO: 740 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 741 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 742 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 744 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 745 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 746 (VL CDR3) (14) SEQ ID NO: 748 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 749 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 750 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 752 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 753 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 754 (VL CDR3) (15) SEQ ID NO: 764 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 765 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 766 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 768 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 769 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 770 (VL CDR3) (16) SEQ ID NO: 772 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 773 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 774 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 776 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 777 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 778 (VL CDR3) (17) SEQ ID NO: 675 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 679 (VL) (18) SEQ ID NO: 683 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 687 (VL) (19) SEQ ID NO: 691 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 695 (VL) (20) SEQ ID NO: 699 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 703 (VL) (21) SEQ ID NO: 707 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 711 (VL) (22) SEQ ID NO: 715 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 719 (VL) (23) SEQ ID NO: 723 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 727 (VL) (24) SEQ ID NO: 731 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 735 (VL) (25) SEQ ID NO: 739 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 743 (VL) (26) SEQ ID NO: 747 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 751 (VL) (27) SEQ ID NO: 763 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 767 (VL), and (28) SEQ ID NO: 771 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 775 (VL)

[67] An isolated antibody having affinity to ICAM1, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (5);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (6) to (10);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (11) to (15); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (16) to (20);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 100, and SEQ ID NO: 104 (2) SEQ ID NO: 108, and SEQ ID NO: 112 (3) SEQ ID NO: 116, and SEQ ID NO: 120 (4) SEQ ID NO: 124, and SEQ ID NO: 128 (5) SEQ ID NO: 132, and SEQ ID NO: 136 (6) SEQ ID NO: 99, SEQ ID NO: 100, SEQ ID NO: 103, and SEQ ID NO: 104 (7) SEQ ID NO: 107, SEQ ID NO: 108, SEQ ID NO: 111, and SEQ ID NO: 112 (8) SEQ ID NO: 115, SEQ ID NO: 116, SEQ ID NO: 119, and SEQ ID NO: 120 (9) SEQ ID NO: 123, SEQ ID NO: 124, SEQ ID NO: 127, and SEQ ID NO: 128 (10) SEQ ID NO: 131, SEQ ID NO: 132, SEQ ID NO: 135, SEQ ID NO: 136 (11) SEQ ID NO: 98, SEQ ID NO: 99, SEQ ID NO: 100, SEQ ID NO: 102, SEQ ID NO: 103, and SEQ ID NO: 104 (12) SEQ ID NO: 106, SEQ ID NO: 107, SEQ ID NO: 108, SEQ ID NO: 110, SEQ ID NO: 111, and SEQ ID NO: 112 (13) SEQ ID NO: 114, SEQ ID NO: 115, SEQ ID NO: 116, SEQ ID NO: 118, SEQ ID NO: 119, and SEQ ID NO: 120 (14) SEQ ID NO: 122, SEQ ID NO: 123, SEQ ID NO: 124, SEQ ID NO: 126, SEQ ID NO: 127, and SEQ ID NO: 128 (15) SEQ ID NO: 130, SEQ ID NO: 131, SEQ ID NO: 132, SEQ ID NO: 134, SEQ ID NO: 135, and SEQ ID NO: 136 (16) SEQ ID NO: 97, and SEQ ID NO: 101 (17) SEQ ID NO: 105, and SEQ ID NO: 109 (18) SEQ ID NO: 113, and SEQ ID NO: 117 (19) SEQ ID NO: 121, and SEQ ID NO: 125 (20) SEQ ID NO: 129, and SEQ ID NO: 133

[68] An isolated antibody having affinity to ALCAM, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (5);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (6) to (10);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (11) to (15) and (21) to (28); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (16) to (20) and (29) to (36);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 140, and SEQ ID NO: 144 (2) SEQ ID NO: 148, and SEQ ID NO: 152 (3) SEQ ID NO: 156, and SEQ ID NO: 160 (4) SEQ ID NO: 164, and SEQ ID NO: 168 (5) SEQ ID NO: 172, and SEQ ID NO: 176 (6) SEQ ID NO: 139, SEQ ID NO: 140, SEQ ID NO: 143, and SEQ ID NO: 144 (7) SEQ ID NO: 147, SEQ ID NO: 148, SEQ ID NO: 151, and SEQ ID NO: 152 (8) SEQ ID NO: 155, SEQ ID NO: 156, SEQ ID NO: 159, and SEQ ID NO: 160 (9) SEQ ID NO: 163, SEQ ID NO: 164, SEQ ID NO: 167, and SEQ ID NO: 168 (10) SEQ ID NO: 171, SEQ ID NO: 172, SEQ ID NO: 175, and SEQ ID NO: 176 (1) SEQ ID NO: 138, SEQ ID NO: 139, SEQ ID NO: 140, SEQ ID NO: 142, SEQ ID NO: 143, and SEQ ID NO: 144 (12) SEQ ID NO: 146, SEQ ID NO: 147, SEQ ID NO: 148, SEQ ID NO: 150, SEQ ID NO: 151, and SEQ ID NO: 152 (13) SEQ ID NO: 154, SEQ ID NO: 155, SEQ ID NO: 156, SEQ ID NO: 158, SEQ ID NO: 159, and SEQ ID NO: 160 (14) SEQ ID NO: 162, SEQ ID NO: 163, SEQ ID NO: 164, SEQ ID NO: 166, SEQ ID NO: 167, and SEQ ID NO: 168 (15) SEQ ID NO: 170, SEQ ID NO: 171, SEQ ID NO: 172, SEQ ID NO: 174, SEQ ID NO: 175, and SEQ ID NO: 176 (16) SEQ ID NO: 137, and SEQ ID NO: 141 (17) SEQ ID NO: 145, and SEQ ID NO: 149 (18) SEQ ID NO: 153, and SEQ ID NO: 157 (19) SEQ ID NO: 161, SEQ ID NO: 165 (20) SEQ ID NO: 169, and SEQ ID NO: 173 (21) SEQ ID NO: 780 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 781 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO 782 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 784 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 785 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 786 (VL CDR3) (22) SEQ ID NO: 788 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 789 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 790 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 792 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 793 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 794 (VL CDR3) (23) SEQ ID NO: 796 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 797 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 798 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 800 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 801 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 802 (VL CDR3) (24) SEQ ID NO: 804 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 805 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 806 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 808 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 809 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 810 (VL CDR3) (25) SEQ ID NO: 812 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 813 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 814 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 816 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 817 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 818 (VL CDR3) (26) SEQ ID NO: 820 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 821 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 822 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 824 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 825 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 826 (VL CDR3) (27) SEQ ID NO: 828 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 829 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 830 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 832 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 833 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 834 (VL CDR3) (28) SEQ ID NO: 836 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 837 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 838 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 840 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 841 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 842 (VL CDR3) (29) SEQ ID NO: 779 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 783 (VL) (30) SEQ ID NO: 787 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 791 (VL) (31) SEQ ID NO: 795 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 799 (VL) (32) SEQ ID NO: 803 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 807 (VL) (33) SEQ ID NO: 811 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 815 (VL) (34) SEQ ID NO: 819 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 823 (VL) (35) SEQ ID NO: 827 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 831 (VL), and (36) SEQ ID NO: 835 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 839 (VL)

[69] An isolated antibody having affinity to CD147 antigen, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and a light chain variable region CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3 and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1);

heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (2);

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions

CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (3); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) shown in the following (4);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 180, and SEQ ID NO: 184 (2) SEQ ID NO: 179, SEQ ID NO: 180, SEQ ID NO: 183, and SEQ ID NO: 184 (3) SEQ ID NO: 178, SEQ ID NO: 179, SEQ ID NO: 180, SEQ ID NO: 182, SEQ ID NO: 183, and SEQ ID NO: 184, and (4) SEQ ID NO: 177, and SEQ ID NO: 181

[70] An isolated antibody having affinity to C1qR, comprising:

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) shown in the following (2);

(1) SEQ ID NO: (VH CDR1) 452, SEQ ID NO: 453 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 454 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: (VL CDR1) 456, SEQ ID NO: 457 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 458 (VL CDR3), and (2) SEQ ID NO: 451 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 455 (VL)

[71] An isolated antibody having affinity to CD44, comprising:

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ. ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) shown in the following (2);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 460 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 461 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 462 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 464 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 465 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 466 (VL CDR3), and (2) SEQ ID NO: 459 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 463 (VL)

[72] An isolated antibody having affinity to CD73, comprising:

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1; SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) shown in the following (2);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 468 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 469 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 470 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 472 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 473 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 474 (VL CDR3), and (2) SEQ ID NO: 467 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 471 (VL)

[73] An isolated antibody having affinity to EpCAM, comprising:

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) shown in the following (2);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 476 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 477 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 478 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 480 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 481 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 482 (VL CDR3), and (2) SEQ ID NO: 475 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 479 (VL)

[74] An isolated antibody having affinity to HGFR, comprising:

heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (3); or

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) to (6);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 652 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 653 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 654 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 656 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 657 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 658 (VL CDR3) (2) SEQ ID NO: 660 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 661 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 662 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 664 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 665 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 666 (VL CDR3) (3) SEQ ID NO: 668 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 669 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 670 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 672 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 673 (VL CDR2), and SEQ ID NO: 674 (VL CDR3) (4) SEQ ID NO: 651 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 655 (VL) (5) SEQ ID NO: 659 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 663 (VL), and (6) SEQ ID NO: 667 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 671 (VL)

[75] An isolated antibody having affinity to LAR, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (5);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 944 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 945 (VL) (2) SEQ ID NO: 946 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 947 (VL) (3) SEQ ID NO: 948 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 949 (VL) (4) SEQ ID NO: 950 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 951 (VL), and (5) SEQ ID NO: 952 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 953 (VL)

[76] An isolated antibody having affinity to BCAM, comprising:

a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region specified by a combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing an amino acid sequence of a light chain variable region) shown in the group consisting of the following (1);

(1) SEQ ID NO: 954 (VH), and SEQ ID NO: 955 (VL) <Isolated Nucleic Acid Molecule, Vector, and the Like>

[77] An isolated nucleic acid molecule, which encodes the heavy chain variable region and/or the light chain variable region of the antibody according to any of [63] to [76].
[78] A vector including the nucleic acid molecule according to [77] in a form capable of being expressed.
[79] A transformant into which the nucleic acid molecule according to [77] is introduced.
[80] A cancer therapeutic agent comprising the antibody according to any of [63] to [76] as an effective ingredient.
[81] A reagent for examining or studying cancer comprising the antibody according to any of [63] to [76].

<Examination Method>

[82] A method for examining gallbladder and liver cancer or pancreas cancer, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body; and

(2) detecting a CD46 antigen in the subject cells or tissues.

[83] A method for examining gallbladder and liver cancer or pancreas cancer, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body; and

(2) detecting ITGA3 in the subject cells or tissues.

[84] A method for examining kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma or gallbladder and liver cancer, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body; and

(2) detecting ALCAM in the subject cells or tissues.

[85] A method for examining kidney cancer, the method comprising the following steps:

(1) preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body; and

(2) detecting a CD147 antigen in the subject cells or tissues.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows one example of a method of obtaining an antibody or an antibody set related to a certain disease.

FIG. 2 shows another example of a method of obtaining an antibody set related to a certain disease.

FIG. 3 shows a further example of a method of obtaining an antibody set related to a certain disease.

FIG. 4 shows a yet further example of a method of obtaining an antibody set related to a certain disease.

FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing a vector used for producing an scFv antibody gene library.

FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a structure of pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd.

FIG. 7-1 shows a base sequence (SEQ ID NO: 401) of an insert part of pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd and an amino acid sequence (SEQ ID NO: 402) encoded by the base sequence.

FIG. 7-2 shows a part continuing to FIG. 7-1.

FIG. 8-1 shows a base sequence (SEQ ID NO: 405) of an insert of pscFvCA-E8VHd and a restriction enzyme site and an amino acid sequence (SEQ ID NO: 406).

FIG. 8-2 shows a part continuing to FIG. 8-1.

FIG. 9 shows a process of screening of an antibody clone specific to liver cancer cell.

FIG. 10 shows an FCM reactivity (representative example) of an antibody clone, showing histogram (right) and cell fluorescence cytology image (left) showing the reactivity between an antibody clones 035-011 and 041-101 and undifferentiated malignant liver cancer cell line HLF.

FIG. 11 shows an FCM reactivity (representative example) of an antibody clone, showing histogram (right) and cell fluorescence cytology image (left) showing the reactivity between an antibody clones 041-129, 045-134 and 052-042 and undifferentiated malignant liver cancer cell line HLF.

FIG. 12 shows histograms obtained by FCM of seven kinds of antibodies, which are overwritten onto each other. This shows that each histogram has a unique shape.

FIG. 13 shows histograms obtained by FCM of seven kinds of antibodies, which are overwritten onto each other. This shows that all the histograms have high similarity to each other.

FIG. 14 shows histograms obtained by FCM of four kinds of antibodies, which are overwritten onto each other. This shows that all the histograms have high similarity to each other.

FIG. 15 shows histograms obtained by FCM of two kinds of antibodies, which are overwritten onto each other. This shows that two histograms have high similarity to each other.

FIG. 16 shows histograms obtained by FCM of three kinds of antibodies in various cells, which are overwritten onto each other. This shows that even when any cells are used, these antibodies provide histograms having a high similarity to each other.

FIG. 17 shows a method for classifying the antibody group into groups based on the results of the FCM analysis.

FIG. 18 is a table showing a classification of a plurality of antibody clones based on the results of the FCM analysis. Each reference mark in Table is shown by a shift amount from the histogram (reference histogram) provided by the negative control antibody. Double circle mark represents that the shift amount is 20 times or more (the peak value of the is 20 times or more of the reference histogram); “o” (circle mark) represents that the shift amount is 10 times or more; “Δ” (triangle mark) represents that the shift amount is 3 times or more; and “x” represents that the shift amount is less than 3, respectively (an oblique line means no data is obtained).

FIG. 19 shows the results of RNAi in which CD147 is a subject antigen. Gray color (a); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with an anti-influenza antibody YA14 cp3 as a primary antibody; Green color (b); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with 059-053 cp3 as a primary antibody; Red color (c); cells that have subjected to RNAi are stained with 059-053 cp3 as a primary antibody.

FIG. 20 shows the results of RNAi in which CD166 is a subject antigen. Gray color (a); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with an anti-influenza antibody YA14 cp3 as a primary antibody; Green color (b); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with 035-234 cp3 as a primary antibody; Red color (c); cells that have subjected to RNAi are stained with 035-234 cp3 as a primary antibody.

FIG. 21 shows the results of RNAi in which HER1 is a subject antigen. Gray color (a); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with an anti-influenza antibody YA14 cp3 as a primary antibody; Green color (b); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with 048-006 cp3 as a primary antibody; Red color (c); cells that have subjected to RNAi are stained with 048-006 cp3 as a primary antibody.

FIG. 22 shows the results of RNAi in which HER2 is a subject antigen. Gray color (a); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with an anti-influenza antibody YA14 cp3 as a primary antibody; Green color (b); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with 015-126 cp3 as a primary antibody; Red color (c); cells that have subjected to RNAi are stained with 015-126 cp3 as a primary antibody.

FIG. 23 shows the results of RNAi in which IgSF4 is a subject antigen. Gray color (a); cells that have not subjected to RNAI are stained with an anti-influenza antibody YA14 cp3 as a primary antibody; light blue color (b); cells that have not subjected to RNAi are stained with 035-273 cp3 as a primary antibody; orange color (c); cells that have subjected to RNAi are stained with 035-273 cp3 as a primary antibody.

FIG. 24 shows A: an EGF binding inhibitory activity (using A431 cells) of 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody; B: an EGF binding inhibitory activity of 048-006 antibody (using low concentration range, A431 cells), and C: an EGF binding inhibitory activity of 048-006 antibody (using low concentration range, A431 cells).

FIG. 25 shows A: HER1 phosphorylation signal inhibitory activity of 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody (results of Western blotting). Lane 1; antibody is not added, lane 2; HR1-007 added (10 μg/ml), lane 3; 048-006 antibody added (10 μg/ml), lane 4; 048-006 antibody added (10 μg/ml), lane 5; 059-152 antibody added (10 μg/ml), lane 6; and 059-152 antibody added (10 μg/ml). Upper part shows the results of Western blotting by using anti-phosphorylation tyrosine antibody (mouse monoclonal antibody). Lower part shows the results of Western blotting by using anti-β actin antibody (rabbit polyclonal antibody). B: HER1 phosphorylation signal inhibitory activity of a 048-006 antibody (low concentration range). Lane 1; not treated, lane 2; antibody is not added, lane 3; HR1-007 is added (1 μg/ml), lane 4; 048-006 antibody added (0.5 μg/ml), lane 5; 048-006 antibody added (0.1 μg/ml), lane 6; and 048-006 antibody added (0.05 μg/ml). After incubation with an antibody for 30 minutes, Her1 was added. Upper part shows the results of Western blotting by using anti-phosphorylation tyrosine antibody (mouse monoclonal antibody). Lower part shows the results of Western blotting by using anti-β actin antibody (rabbit polyclonal antibody). C: Comparison of HER1 phosphorylation signal inhibition effects of 048-006 antibody, 059-152 antibody and ERBITUX (using A-431 cells. Lane 1; HR1-007, lane 2; 048-006 antibody, lane 3; 059-152 antibody, lane 4; ERBITUX, lane 5; antibody is not added (EGF (+)), lane 6; antibody is not added (EGF (−)). D: Comparison of HER1 phosphorylation signal inhibition effects of 048-006 antibody, 059-152 antibody and ERBITUX (using CCF-RC1 cells). Lane 1; HR1-007, lane 2; 048-006 antibody, lane 3; 059-152 antibody, lane 4; ERBITUX, lane 5; antibody is not added (EGF (+)), lane 6; antibody is not added (EGF (−)). E: Comparison of HER1 phosphorylation signal inhibition effects of 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody clone and ERBITUX (using Caki-1 cells). Lane 1; HR1-007, lane 2; 048-006 antibody, lane 3; 059-152 antibody, lane 4; ERBITUX, lane 5; antibody is not added (EGF (+)), lane 6; antibody is not added (EGF (−)).

FIG. 26 shows a result of BIACORE experiment. Fixation method: CM5 chip of BIAcore is used and NHS is used so as to fix a partial sequence of HER1 to sensor. 048-006 antibody is allowed to flow at the above-mentioned concentration to observe signals.

FIG. 27 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-ITGA3 antibody, a target culture cell: HLF.

FIG. 28 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, a target culture cell: A-431.

FIG. 29 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, a target culture cell: A549.

FIG. 30 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, a target culture cell: ACHN.

FIG. 31 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, a target culture cell: CCF-RC-1.

FIG. 32 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, a target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 33 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, a target culture cell: SK-OV-3.

FIG. 34 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER2 antibody, a target culture cell: BT-474.

FIG. 35 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. (a) An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 066-174 whose, a target culture cell: NCI-H1373. (b) An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 066-174, target culture cell: CW2. (c) An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 066-174, target culture cell: NCI-H441.

FIG. 36 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. (a) An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 035-234, target culture cell: CW2. (b) An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 035-234, target culture cell: NCI-H441.

FIG. 37 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. (a) An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-051, target culture cell: NCI-H441. (b) An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-051, target culture cell: HepG2.

FIG. 38 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. (a) An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-059, target culture cell: NCI-H441. (b) An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-059, target culture cell: HepG2.

FIG. 39 shows a result of an ADCC activity test. (a) An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-085, target culture cell: NCI-H441. (b) An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-085, target culture cell: HepG2.

FIG. 40 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, 048-006 antibody or 059-152 antibody,

target culture cell: CCF-RC-1.

FIG. 41 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, 048-006 antibody or 059-152 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 42 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, 048-006 antibody or 059-152 antibody,

target culture cell: A-431.

FIG. 43 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 041-118 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 44 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-EpCAM antibody, 067-153 antibody, target culture cell: MKN-45.

FIG. 45 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-EpCAM antibody, 067-153 antibody, target culture cell: HT-29.

FIG. 46 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-EpCAM antibody, 067-153 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 47 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HGFR antibody, 067-133 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 48 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, 055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody, target culture cell: CCF-RC1.

FIG. 49 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody. 048-006 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody, target culture cell: HT-29.

FIG. 50 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, 048-006 antibody, 055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody, target culture cell: A431.

FIG. 51 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody, 048-006 antibody or 059-152 antibody, target culture cell: ACHN.

FIG. 52 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 035-234 antibody or 066-174 antibody,

target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 53 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 035-234 antibody or 066-174 antibody, target culture cell: SKOv3.

FIG. 54 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 035-234 antibody or 066-174 antibody, target culture cell: CW-2.

FIG. 55 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 041-118 antibody, target culture cell: EBC-1.

FIG. 56 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ALCAM antibody, 080-040 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 57 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-042 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 58 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ICAM1 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody or 053-085 antibody, target culture cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 59 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-EpCAM antibody, 067-153 antibody, target culture cell: EBC-1.

FIG. 60 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HGFR antibody 067-133 antibody, target culture cell: MKN-45.

FIG. 61 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-HGFR antibody 067-133 antibody, target culture cell: EBC-1.

FIG. 62 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-ITGA3 antibody, 015-003 antibody, target culture cell: ACHN.

FIG. 63 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-CD147 antibody, 059-053 antibody, target culture cell: CCF-RC1.

FIG. 64 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-CD147 antibody, 059-053 antibody, target culture cell: ACHN.

FIG. 65 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-PTP-LAR antibody, 064-044 antibody or 079-085 antibody, target culture cell: PC-14.

FIG. 66 shows antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity. An antibody to be used: anti-CD44 antibody. 064-003 antibody, target culture cell: PC-14.

FIG. 67 shows a result of a cell proliferation inhibition test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), target subjected cultured cell: A-431.

FIG. 68 shows a result of a cell proliferation inhibition test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), target subjected cultured cell: ACHN.

FIG. 69 shows a result of a cell proliferation inhibition test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), target subjected cultured cell: NCI-H1373.

FIG. 70 shows a result of a cell proliferation inhibition test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), target subjected cultured cell: SK-OV-3.

FIG. 71 shows a result of a cell proliferation inhibition test. An antibody to be used: anti-HER2 antibody (015-126), target subjected cultured cell: BT-474.

FIG. 72 shows a result of an antitumor experiment using mouse. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), subject transplant cell: human lung cancer cell H1373 cell.

FIG. 73 shows a result of an antitumor experiment using mouse. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), subject transplant cell: epidermoid tumor A-431.

FIG. 74 shows a result of an antitumor experiment using mouse. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (048-006), subject transplant cell: epidermoid tumor A-431.

FIG. 75 shows a result of an antitumor experiment using mouse. An antibody to be used: anti-HER1 antibody (059-152), subject transplant cell: epidermoid tumor A-431.

FIG. 76 is a table showing culture conditions of cell lines to be used in experiments.

FIG. 77 is a conceptual diagram of three-dimensional ELISA, showing how each mixture antibody is prepared.

FIG. 78 is a conceptual diagram of three-dimensional ELISA, showing a procedure of specifying an antibody clone.

FIG. 79 shows a result of ELISA using a plate mixed antibody (antigen is CD147).

FIG. 80 shows a result of ELISA using a row mixed antibody (antigen is CD147).

FIG. 81 shows a result of ELISA using a column mixed antibody (antigen is CD147).

FIG. 82 shows a result of ELISA using a plate mixed antibody (antigen is HER1).

FIG. 83 shows a result of ELISA using a row mixed antibody (antigen is HER1).

FIG. 84 shows a result of ELISA using a column mixed antibody (antigen is HER1).

FIG. 85 shows a result of ELISA using a selected antibody clone (antigen is HER1).

FIG. 86 shows a RNAi effect on SKOv-3 cells. A: anit-ITGA3 antibody, B: anit-ITGB1 antibody, C: 015-003 cp3 antibody. Broken line: no RNAi, solid line: ITGA3 RNAi, light-colored solid line: ITGB1 RNAi, gray: and no primary antibody.

FIG. 87 shows a correspondence between a tissue that has been diagnosed to be specific in immunostaining using a clinical cancer specimen and each antibody clone.

FIG. 88 shows a reactivity of a clinical cancer specimen and each antibody clone. + represents positive to the immunostaining; ± represents weakly positive to the immunostaining; and − represents negative to the immunostaining.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Terms

For convenience, certain terms employed in the specification are collected herein.

In the specification, the terms “comprise/include” and “comprising/including” are used to include the meaning of “consisting of:” Therefore, for example, “a product (or method) comprising/including a plurality of elements (members)” necessarily includes also the terms “a product (or method) consisting of a plurality of elements (members)”

The term “disease” herein is used interchangeably with the terms meaning that some function failure occurs, for example, illness and sickness. Furthermore, unless otherwise noted, in this specification, this term is used to encompass the words meaning the condition (state) of disease such as condition, pathologic condition, symptom, and state of health. That is to say, the term “disease” is used interchangeably with the terms such as condition and pathologic condition.

The term “isolated” used herein means a state in which it is taken out from the original environment (for example, a natural environment in the case of a natural material), that is to say, means a state that is a different state from the original existing state by an artificial manipulation.

An “isolated antibody” does not include an antibody in a state in which it is natural state and no external manipulation (artificial manipulation) is given. It does not include an antibody produced in the individual body and remaining therein. An isolated antibody is typically present in a state in which other kinds of antibodies are not contaminated, that is, present singly (as an assembly of the same kinds of antibodies). In the case of an “isolated” state of the CDR region, in addition to the state which is present singly, a state which is present together with the other regions of the antibody is included. That is, the term “isolated CDR” includes not only a CDR that is present singly but also a CDR that is present as a part of an isolated antibody is included.

“HER1” is also referred to as erbB1, c-erbB-1, EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor), or v-erbB. Originally, a gene corresponding to a cancer gene erbB found in the retrovirus that infects chicken and causes carcinogenesis (erythroleukemia) on the genome is isolated. And this gene is determined to be a receptor of EGF. By the way, EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor) as a ligand was found as a factor for promoting the cleavage of the eyelids of newly born mouse and development of an incisor in an extracted solution of the mouse submaxillary gland in 1962, and has been studied widely as cell proliferation, differentiation and survival factors. EGF is a peptide composed of 53 amino acids and has a characteristic structure including three disulfide loops formed of six cysteine residues. Thereafter, this structure has been found in a large number of proteins and is referred to as EGF-like domain. The EGF family has one or more EGF-like domains and directly binds to a receptor type tyrosine kinase EGF receptor (EGFR) family (another name: ErbB family) so as to activate this.

On the other hand, currently, four kinds of receptor ErbB families has been found and they are called EGFR (ErbB-1), ErbB-2, ErbB-3, and ErbB-4. ErbB-1 and ErbB-2 overexpress in various human tumors and are involved in the deterioration of the prognosis or survival rate. Furthermore, stimuli of these receptors are involved in cell proliferation and in turn involved in several processes related to progress, infiltration, and metastasis of tumor. To date, a phosphorylation inhibiting agent specific to EGFR have been approved as a therapeutic agent for lung cancer. They are found to highly express in many cancers. Cetuximab (ERBITUX, which is mouse/human chimeric antibody) has been developed by ImClone Systems and already marketed. ERBITUX inhibits the initial process of activation of the information transmission passage by the phosphorylation of dimerized-EGFR when it binds to a receptor of EGF as a ligand. Note here that the amino acid sequence of HER1 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 369.

“HER2” is also referred to as erbB-2, c-erbB-2, or neu. HER2 belongs to a receptor type tyrosine kinase family and its over-expression and gene amplification in the breast cancer, ovarian cancer, stomach cancer, and the like, have been reported. HER2 is a molecule that was found in 1985 when DNA containing a region of gene similar to EGFR was amplified (gene amplification) in the brain tumor and breast cancer derived from glia cells was observed. HER2 has low shedding level and is thought to be very effective as a target molecule in treating cancers. In many institutions, the monoclonal antibody (MoAb) showing effects of promoting or suppressing the tumor proliferation has been produced. MoAb showing a tumor proliferation suppressing effect is used for clinical test as a simple substance of the antibody or in combination with anti-cancer drugs such as cisplatin, and its efficacy has been reported. The EGFR family includes four kinds, but only EGFR (HER1) and HER4 have both the ligand binding sites and tyrosine phosphorylation enzymatic activity sites. HER2 does not have the ligand binding site. Instead using a ligand, HER2 has a structure that is activated from the first in terms of dimer formation ability. Incidentally, HER3 lacks the tyrosine phosphorylation activity. Therefore, HER2-HER3 hetero-dimer is a functional molecule. Genentech isolated 11 kinds of mouse monoclonal antibodies to HER2 in 1989. Among them, 4D5 was made into a humanized antibody and succeeded in developing Trastuzumab (Herceptin). Note here that the amino acid sequence of HER2 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 370.

“CD46 antigen” is an O-type sugar chain bonded non-disulfide bonded dimer protein having a molecule weight of 56 to 66 kDa, which is also referred to as MCP (Membrane Co-factor Protein), gp45-70, HuLY-m5, measles virus receptor, MIC10, TLX-B antigen, TRA2, trophoblast leucocyte common antigen, and trophoblast-lymphocyte cross-reactive antigen. This molecule binds to C3b or C4b and is known as Membrane Co-factor Protein (MCP) that is a co-factor for promoting the degradation by serine protease or I factor in plasma. It is also a receptor of the surface protein of measles virus agglutinin and Streptococcus group A. It has been reported that it is expressed in the thymus gland cells, T lymphocyte, B lymphocyte, monocyte, granulocyte, NK cells, platelet, endothelial cell, epithelium cells and fibroblast but does not express in the erythrocyte. On the assumption that only cells inducing the production of antibody to cancer specific antigen abnormally expressing in carcinogenicity and escaping from the attack of cancer tissue by complement (complement-dependent cytotoxicity, CDC) may actually grow into cancer, the expression of molecule group having an effect of inhibiting the complement has been analyzed in detail. There have been many reports about the abnormal expression of CD46 in cancer cells, however, few evidence showing that the production of antibody against antigen specific to cancer cells are induced. An amino acid sequence of CD46 antigen is shown in SEQ ID NO: 371.

“ITGA3 (integrin alpha 3)” is also referred to as alpha 3 beta 1 Epiligrin Receptor, alpha 3 beta 1 Integrin, Epiligrin Receptor, CD49c, VLA-3, Gap b3, Galactoprotein b3, or Laminin-5 Receptor in which integrin α3 chain having a molecular weight of 150 kDa and integrin β1 chain (CD29 molecule) having a molecular weight of 130 kDa are bonded to each other non-covalently to form a VLA-3 complex (α3β1 or CD49c/CD29). It is known as a receptor of laminin, collagen, fibronectin, invasion and epiligrin. Integrin is a hetero dimer molecule composed of α chain and β chain. Twenty four types of α chains and nine types of β chain form a variety of molecule groups by various combination and selective splicing. The extracellular domain binds to the extracellular matrix (for example, collagen, fibronectin, laminin). The side of cytoplasm is bonded to actin filament via talin, filanin, and α-actinin. It functions as an adhesive molecule and further functions as an important role as information transmission molecule. Above all, α3β1 molecule is associated with a tetraspanin molecule C151. Note here that the amino acid sequence of ITGA3 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 372.

The “ICAM1 (Intercellular adhesion molecule-1)” is also referred to Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 or CD54 Antigen and is transmembrane glycoprotein having seven binding sites of the N-bonding sugar chain. The molecular weight is 90 kDa. ICAM belongs to Ig-superfamily and is known to be mainly involved with adhesion of leukocyte. It also mediates T lymphocyte adhesion to an antigen presenting cell (APC) and is involved with the interaction between T cell and T cell or between T cell and B cell. It also involved with the adhesion to endothelial cell in which monocyte, lymphocyte, and neutrophil are activated. ICAM is bonded to integrin of LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) and Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18). Furthermore, it also is a receptor of rhinovirus. It is expressed on various kinds of activated cells in addition to the endothelial cells. For example, it is expressed on the monocyte. On B- and T-lymphocytes, thymus gland cells, dendritic cells, endothelial cells, fibroblast, keratinocyte, chondrocyte and epithelium cells, expression is enhanced. The characteristics required to obtain during the cancerization process of epithelium cells include capability of invading into cells, and furthermore migrating and being fixed in metastasis. Therefore, it is thought that the expression of adhesion factor contributes to carcinogenesis. The adhesion factor is roughly classified into five groups, i.e., selectin (E-, P-, and L-), molecules (Ig-superfamily) having an immunoglobulin-like domain, integrin, Cadherin, and CD44. In cancerization, it is recognized that the expression of E Cadherin is suppressed. Abnormal expression in some cancer cases has been reported. Note here that the amino acid sequence of ICAM1 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 373.

“ALCAM (Activaed leukocyte cell adhesion molecule)” is transmembrane protein that is also referred to as CD166 antigen, KG-CAM, CD6 Ligand, and Neurolin. ALCAM is an immunoglobulin superfamily molecule including ten N-bonding type sugar chain added sites. ALCAM has a molecular weight of 100 to 105 kDa and is composed of five extracellular Ig-like domains and the intracellular terminus having 32 amino acid, and short transmembrane region. ALCAM is one of the adhesive molecules, is present on the activated leukocyte and is identified as a ligand molecule to CD6 molecule (which functions as a signal receptor in T cells). ALCAM also functions as an adhesion factor in homophylic (ALCAM-ALCAM) or heterophylic (ALCAM-CD6) interaction. It is suggested that ALCAM can form oligomer at intercellular adhesion site via three C2-like domains near the membrane. The distribution of ALCAM is not restricted by cell strains and ALCAM is expressed in various types of cells such as hematopoietic cells, endothelial cells, epithelium cells of the thymic cortex and thymic medulla, mesenchymal cell of the bone marrow, fibroblast, liver cells, and the like. In the peripheral blood, it is weakly expressed in activated T- and B-cells, monocyte, circulated dendritic cells, and granulocyte. Although ALCAM shows wide dispersion of tissues, the expression of ALCAM is generally limited to cell populations involved in proliferation or migration. In the thymus gland, since ALCAM is expressed in CD6+thymus gland cells, and thymus gland epithelium cells, its interaction with CD6 molecule is thought to play a role in the differentiation of T cells. In addition, it is suggested that ALCAM adhesive molecules are involved in the fetal blood formation, differentiation of angioblastic cells, and capillary angiogenesis. The roles of ALCAM in cancerization is variously assumed (e.g., controlling of MMP activation, causing internalization and recycling, functioning as a substrate of ADM17 and ADAM10 (abbreviation of a disintegrin and metalloprotease), protecting from apoptosis and autophasy), however, no decisive roles have not reported. The interaction of ALCAM-CD6 is thought to be carried out in the both direction. The amino acid sequence of ALCAM is shown in SEQ ID NO: 374.

“CD147 antigen” is membrane glycoprotein belonging to an immunoglobulin superfamily and is also referred to as BSG, TCSF (Tumor cell-derived collagenase stimulatory factor), 5F7 protein, OK blood group protein, basigin protein, collagenase stimulatory factor protein, EMMPRIN (Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase Inducer), M6 activation antigen, human leukocyte activation antigen M6, or the like. D147 antigen has two aspects. One is observed when it functions on the cell surface, it exhibits the activation of MMP-1, 2, 3 (matrix metalloprotease) and the lectin activity recognizing oligomannose as membrane glycoprotein having two Ig domains. The activation of MMP receives much attention in cancers (which is also known as EMMPRIN in Europe and America). That is to say, CD147 antigen expressing in cancer cells activates MMP expressing in the surrounding fibroblast and contributes to the infiltration of cancers. On the other hand, the activation of oligomannose lectin is especially important in the interaction of nerve cells and indicated to have a relationship with respect to neurite outgrowth. The second aspect is a function in cells. CD147 antigen forms a homo dimer. It is reported that this formation needs N-terminal Ig domain and does not need addition of sugar chain. CD147 has the following interesting reports: integrin α3β1 and CD147 form a complex, and in this case, TM4SF (tetraspanin) molecule does not join the complex. In cancerization, the production of D147 changes anchorage-dependent growth to independent growth, which is promoted by the production of hyaluronic acid (hyaluronam). It is interesting that the receptor of hyaluronic acid includes CD44 and RHAMM. CD147 induces the production of MMP, and a part of CD147 is solubilized due to the effect of the MMP. CD147 acts on integrin so as to change the structure of cells. CD147 affects the angiogenesis. Furthermore, mass expression-cell proliferation of CD147 and Cyclophin A has been found.

The amino acid sequence of the CD147 antigen is shown in SEQ ID NO: 375.

“IgSF4” is an abbreviation of immunogloblin superfamily member 4 and is also referred to as BL2, ST17, NECL2, TSLC1, IGSF4A, SYNCAM, and sTSLC-1. IgSF4 has homology of NCAM (neural cell adhesion molecule) and amino acid sequence. IgSF4 is thought to be expressed from human 11-chromosome, 11q23.2. It has been reported that IgSF4 expressed as a suppression gene in a lung cancer specific manner and that IgSF4 is involved in the nerve adhesion in the brain (Biederer T et al. Science. 2002 Aug. 30; 297 (5586): 1525-31). The sequence information of IgSF4 is recorded in a NCBI-PUBMED database (Accession No. NM01433, Definition: Homo sapiens immunoglobulin superfamily, member 4 (IGSF4), mRNA). As to the relationship with respect to the carcinogenesis, as shown by the name TSLC1 (tumor suppressor in lung cancer 1), it receives attention as a tumor suppressor gene. However, IgSF4 shows high expression in 100% adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells and it is suggested that IgSF4 may work as oncogene. The amino acid sequence of IgSF4 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 376.

“C1qR” is a complement receptor encoding a type I membrane protein. This protein functions as a receptor for complement protein C1q, mannose binding lictin, and lung surfactant protein A. Two or more polypeptides of 70 kDa are bonded by disulfide bonding so as to form C1qR. Removing an immune complex is an important function of the complement and the C1q receptor is a functional receptor that is bonded to a collagen portion of C1q thereby linking the immune complex to phagocyte. It is suggested that C1qR forms complex with CD43. The amino acid sequence of C1 qR is shown in SEQ ID NO: 446.

“CD44” is a transmembrane protein belonging to a hyaladherin family, which is cell surface glycoprotein related to cellular interaction, cell adhesion and cell migration. It is a hyaluronic acid receptor. It is thought that a wide variety of the structural and functional isoforms of proteins by the selective splicing or post-translation modification of this molecule may be involved in tumor metastasis. The CD44 molecule is expressed in almost all the cells and tissues. However, in general, it is not expressed in the platelet, liver cell, cardiac muscle, uridiferous tubule epithelium, testis, and skin. The amino acid sequence of CD44 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 447.

“CD73” is also referred to as 5-prime-ribonucleotide phosphohydrolase and transforms purine 5-prime mononucleotides into nucleosides at the neutral pH. The enzyme mediates glycosylphosphatidyl inositol to the surface of the outside of the plasma membrane and is bonded to the surface of the outside of the plasma membrane. CD73 is a homodimer composed of two 70 kDA subunits. CD73 is used as a marker of the lymphocyte differentiation. It has been known that the deletion of this gene is related to various immune defective diseases. The amino acid sequence of CD73 is shown in SEQ ID NO: 448.

“EpCAM” has 22 or more names as to only the number of names used and cited several times in research paper. This antigen exists on genome 2p21. This antigen is a protein having a full length of 314aa, and 34920 Da. In the documents in which this molecule is examined at the mRNA level, it is detected in healthy human individuals, 100% in the peripheral blood (PB) level and 40% in the bone marrow (BM) level. It has been reported that it can be detected in large intestine but cannot detected in the liver, prostate, and lung. In cancer cell line, in the relationship with respect to p53, the methylation of EpCAM is lost due to the mutation or deletion of p53 and the amplification is induced. The amino acid sequence of EpCAM is shown in SEQ ID NO: 449.

The first Met gene discovered as a search product of oncogene using NIH3T3 gene is HGFR (Hepatocyte growth factor receptor). HGF is also referred to as a scatter factor and is utterly independently isolated as a molecule having an extremely different apparent function. Similar to HER1 and PDGF, HGFR is a receptor having a ligand binding domain outside the cells and has a tyrosine phosphorylation enzymatic activity site at the cytoplasm side, however, the function is extremely different. In general, when the cell proliferation factor or a differentiation induction factor is bonded to a receptor so as to cause the phosphorylation of protein, it finally activates the transcription factor and expresses a certain gene set by way of some of the limited information transmission pathway (Ras/MAP kinase pathway, and the like). In this case, the type of the cell response is finally determined by transcription factor. Thus, when the cancerization may activate some of the proliferation factors-receptor, it is thought that changes other than cancerization are not likely to occur in the cells. Currently, as to the cancerization, the phenomenon called epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) receives much attention and the factor plays a core role in the phenomenon. In such examples, since a large number of molecules cooperatively function, detail analysis is needed. The amino acid sequence of HGFR is shown in SEQ ID NO: 450.

LAR (Leukocyte common Antigen-Related) belongs to a PTP (protein tyrosine phosphatase) family. The PTPs are known to be molecules to modulate the process in the various aspects of the cancerization, division cycle, differentiation, cell growth, and the like. The structure thereof includes an extracellular region, mono-transmembrane region, and two tandem catalyzing domain in the cytoplasm (homolog of protein tyrosine phosphatase). The extracellular region has a structure similar to nerve cell adhesion factor, which includes three Ig-like domains and nine non-Ig like domains (homolog of NCAM). The function of this molecule is involved in the cell adhesion in the formation adherents junctions in the epithelium. Note here that it is confirmed that this molecule is highly expressed in insulin sensitive mast cells, and insulin resistant cells. Therefore, it is suggested that it is related to insulin. Furthermore, it is reported that anti-LAR antibody has an insulin receptor inhibitory activity of the insulin receptor forced expressing body (Knock-down of LAR protein tyrosine phosphatase induces insulin resistance: Mander A, Hodgkinson C P, Sale G J.: FEBS Lett. 2005 Jun. 6; 579 (14): 3024-8.).

Furthermore, LAR is expressed on the membrane of all the leukocytes and is referred to as protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type F (PTPRF) and protein sequence (SEQ ID NO: 941) thereof is registered as TDHULK in Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource (PIR).

BCAM (basal cell adhesion molecule) (Lutheran blood group) is referred to as CD239 antigen and its protein sequence is registered as Q86VC7 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot) and 13800 (PIR) (SEQ ID NO: 942). It produces a selective splicing product from a single gene in the chromosome 19q13.2-q13.3. It is a glycoprotein having an immunoglobulin-like domain. It is a mono-transmembrane type and expressed widely. Its expression in the pancreas is high and its expression in the brain is low. The BCAM antigen is modulated excessively in certain cells, thus inducing the malignant alteration of cancers. Also, it is shown that it is overexpressed in the living body with ovarian cancers.

In the present invention, “liver cancer” is intended to be widely interpreted and it includes liver carcinoma and liver sarcoma. Furthermore, the term “cancer” in the present invention is interchangeably with “tumor.” Furthermore, in the stages before the pathological diagnosis is not established, that is, before whether the tumor is benign or malignant has not been determined, the term may include benign tumor, benign-malignant borderline lesion, and malignant tumor collectively.

Cancers are called under the name of the organs in which the cancers are developed or the name of development body tissue. Main examples include tongue cancer, gingival cancer, pharynx cancer, maxillary cancer, laryngeal cancer, salivary gland cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, small intestinal cancer, large bowel cancer, rectum cancer, liver cancer, biliary tract cancer, gallbladder cancer, pancreas cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, thyroid gland cancer, adrenal gland cancer, hypophyseal tumor, pinealoma, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, urinary bladder cancer, kidney cancer, prostate cancer, urethral cancer, retinoblastoma, conjunctival cancer, gliocystoma, glioblastoma, skin cancer, leukemia, malignant lymphoma, testicular tumor, osteosarcoma, rhabdomyoblastoma, leiomyosarcoma, blood vessel sarcoma, liposarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, and the like. Furthermore, depending upon the characteristics of the sites of the organs of development, cancers are subclassified into, for example, upper, middle, and lower pharynx cancers, upper, middle, and lower esophageal cancers, gastric cardia cancer, gastropyloric cancer, cervical cancer, cancer of uterine body, and the like. These cancers are included in the “cancers” of the present invention but the cancers are not limited to these alone.

In the specification, if necessary, the following abbreviations (in parentheses) are used according to the practice.

Heavy chain (H chain), light chain (L chain), heavy chain variable region (VH), light chain variable region (VL), complementarity determining region (CDR), first complementarity determining region (CDR1), second complementarity determining region (CDR2), third complementarity determining region (CDR3), first complementarity determining region of heavy chain (VH CDR1), second complementarity determining region of heavy chain (VH CDR2), third complementarity determining region of heavy chain (VH CDR3), first complementarity determining region of light chain (VL CDR1), second complementarity determining region of light chain (VL CDR2), third complementarity determining region of light chain (VL CDR3)

The first aspect of the present invention relates to a method of classifying antibody. The classifying method of the present invention includes the following steps.

(1) preparing a plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen;

(2) bringing each of the antibodies into contact with cells of the same kinds;

(3) analyzing each cell after step (2) by flow cytometry so as to obtain data showing reactivity between the antibody and the cell surface; and

(4) comparing the obtained data and classifying antibodies based on the similarity of the data.

Step (1)

In the classifying method of the present invention, firstly, a plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen are prepared. For convenience of explanation, the antibody classified by the classifying method of the present invention is also referred to as a “sample antibody.”

In the present invention, the “cell surface antigen” is a molecule in which at least a part thereof exists outside the cell and which forms an antigenic determinant on the surface of the cell. For example, protein such as transmembrane type protein having a cell membrane transmembrane domain and an extracellular domain and GPI anchor type protein, which are linked to cell membrane via glycolipid and the like and existing on the surface of the extracellular surface, can form such an antigenic determinant. The cell surface antigen can be formed by a simple protein (basically, constituent includes only amino acids), a conjugated protein (constituent other than amino acid are contained. For example, glycoprotein and lipoprotein), or a modified protein (a protein modified by, for example, phosphorylation, acetylation, and methylation), and the like. Furthermore, two or more same types or different types of molecules may cooperatively form an antigen determinant.

The “cell surface antigen” of the present invention is not particularly limited to animal cells and may include cell surface antigens of plant cells, microorganism cells, and the like. Preferably, “cell surface antigen” of the present invention is the cell surface antigen of animal cells. It is known that the animal cells have various cell surface antigens. The “animal cells” herein include mammalian cells and non-mammalian cells, but preferably mammalian cells. Above all, human cells are preferable.

Preferably, a plurality of antibodies recognizing the intact cell surface antigen are prepared. The “intact state” means that the original state is maintained. It has the same meaning that “not denatured state.”

The “antibody recognizing cell surface antigen” represents an antibody recognizing and binding the cell surface antigen with highly specific recognition mechanism between the antigen and the antibody. The origins, types, classes, forms and the like, of antibodies are not particularly limited. Therefore, the “antibody” in the present invention includes an antibody of non-human animals such as mouse and rat, a chimeric antibody in which a part of the region is substituted with that of other animal (including human), a humanized antibody, and human antibody. Preferably, human antibody or human type antibody (humanized antibody) are used. Antibody fragments such as Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2, scFv, and dsFv antibody may be used. An antibody for treatment application includes an antibody in which VH and VL (Fv region) are converted into IgG type is included.

An antibody recognizing a cell surface antigen can be prepared by, for example, bringing an antibody library into contact with the cell surface antigens and recovering the antibodies bound to the cell surface antigens. One of such preparation methods is a method reported by the present inventors before (Japanese Patent Unexamined Publication No. 2005-185281). This method makes it possible to select an antibody clone recognizing intact cell surface antigen from the phage antibody library. The present invention can preferably use the antibody assembly derived from each antibody clone. The “assembly derived from each antibody clone” herein includes the selected antibody clone itself, or the product prepared by using the gene. The latter example includes an antibody in which genes of the selected antibody clone is transformed by an appropriate host (for example, E. coli) and the host is expressed, or an antibody to which further genetic engineering modification is added in the host or by the use of the host and then the modified antibody is expressed.

The above-mentioned publication discloses as the antibody having a human Fv region, scFv-CL-cp3 antibody (an antibody in which a phage protein cpIII is fused to scFV via the light chain constant region), scFv-CL-pp antibody (an: antibody in which two proteins A are fused to scFV via the light chain constant region), scFv-CL-pp-Avi antibody (an antibody in which avidin is fused to scFv-CL-pp antibody), scFv-CL-Avi antibody (an antibody in which avidin is fused to scFV via the light chain constant region), scFv-CL-pp-Avi or antibody obtained by biotining scFv-CL-Avi antibody (an antibody in which biotin is bonded to an avidin part), and the like. The present invention can preferably use any of these types of antibodies. These antibodies having a human Fv region are very useful in providing an antibody for treatment (production of an antibody for treatment can be proceeded advantageously).

Note here that the contents disclosed Japanese Patent Unexamined Publication No. 2005-185281 are herein incorporated by reference in its entity.

A combination of separately prepared antibodies may be used as the “plurality of antibodies recognizing cell surface antigen” in the present invention. In this case, the preparation method of each antibody may be the same as or different from each other.

An antibody in which a label material has been bound or fused in advance (which is collectively referred to as “labeled sample antibody”) may be used. The former example can include an antibody labeled with fluorescence pigment. The latter example can include an antibody in which fluorescence proteins (fluorescence protein fused antibody) such as GFP (Green Fluorescent Protein) and RFP (Red Fluorescent Protein) have been fused. Such fluorescence protein fused antibody can be prepared easily by using genetic engineering technique.

Step (2)

Next, the sample antibodies are brought into contact with cells of the same kinds, respectively. That is to say, cells to be used are determined, and then the cells are brought into contact with the sample antibody for each sample antibody. The sample antibody recognizing the surface antigen of the cells to be used binds to the cell surface. The binding amount of the sample antibody is dependent upon the expression amount of the cell surface antigen recognized by the antibody.

Cells that are brought into contact with the sample antibody are not particularly limited and may be arbitrarily selected from animal cells, plant cells, microorganism cells, and the like. For example, in one preferable embodiment, cells derived from a patent having a certain disease (or having a certain pathologic condition) are used. The “certain disease” includes various kinds of cancers, for example. The tissues or organs from which the cells are derived are not particularly limited. An example of the certain disease include kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, alveolar cell carcinoma, lung squamous cell cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, pancreas cancer, adenocarcinoma, ovarian cancer, and the like.

Cells forming a highly uniform cell population are preferably used. It is preferable because such cells can provide easier or simpler data, facilitates the comparison of data and provides more reliable comparison results in the below-mentioned flow cytometry analysis. The typical example of such cells is established cell line (cell line). Preferable examples include established cancer cell line such as liver cancer cell line HepG2, undifferentiated liver cancer cell line HLF, liver cancer cell line OCTH, intrahepatic bile duct cancer cell line RBE, pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1, pancreas cancer cell line MIA-Paca2, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line 293T, ovarian cancer cell line KF28, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, ovarian cancer cell line KF-28, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-1, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-2, breast cancer cell line BT474, vulvar mucosa epithelium cell line A431, stomach cancer cell line SNU-5, stomach cancer cell line MKN45, stomach cancer cell line NCI-N87, cancer cell line RERF-LC-AI, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PCI4, lung cancer cell line NCI-H441, lung squamous cell canceEBC1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line A549, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line Calu-3, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, large bowel cancer cell line CaCo2, large bowel cancer cell line CW2, hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO, and the like. Note here that cells whose uniformity is improved by culture operation is one of the most preferable cells.

Each sample antibody is brought into contact with cells in an appropriate solution. At this time, it is preferable that the conditions are set so that the properties of the sample antibody are not affected and cells are not damaged. For example, cells and the sample antibodies are co-existed in the culture solution suitable for the existence and proliferation of the cells, in the phosphoric acid buffer and citric acid buffer, in physiologic saline, or in a solution in which BSA for suppressing non-specific adsorption is added, at room temperature to low temperatures (for example, 0° C. to 25° C., preferably 4° C. to 15° C.), for 20 minutes to 3 hours. During this time, the solution may be stirred.

The conditions under which each sample antibody and cells are brought into contact with each other are made to be uniform in order to obtain highly reliable data.

After contacting operation mentioned above, labeling is carried out if necessary (other than the case when a labeled sample antibody is used). The “labeling” herein denotes labeling the sample antibody bound to the surface of the cells. For example, labeling can be carried out by reacting (contacting) an antibody having a specific binding ability to the sample antibody to which a label material has been bound (antibody to be detected) with cells after the contacting operation. Instead of directly binding an antibody to be detected to the sample antibody, other antibodies and the like may be interposed therebetween. Thus, various labeling techniques can be employed and a person skilled in the art can select an appropriate technique. In the flow cytometry analysis, in general, fluorescent dye is used as a label material. Fluorescent dye such as Alexa488, AMCA, Cascade Blue (registered trademark), FITC, PerCPTM, CyTM3, Texas Red (registered trademark), CyTM5, APC, TRITC, and the like, can be used.

Step (3)

Subsequently, cells after subjecting to the step (2) are analyzed by flow cytometry so as to obtain data showing the reactivity between the antibody and the cell surface. That is to say, cells after subjecting the contacting operation to the sample antibody are subjected to the flow cytometry analysis, and the binding property to the sample antibody is examined. Preferably, as the data showing the “reactivity” herein, histogram showing the relationship between the antibody binding amount and the number of cells is used. That is to say, one-parameter histogram in which the antibody binding amount is used as a parameter is used. The one-parameter histogram is one display method in the flow cytometry. The one-parameter histogram is generally shown in a graph in which X-axis represents one indicator (parameter) and Y-axis represents the number of cells. For the device used for the flow cytometry analysis, for example, devices from BECKMAN COULTER, Japan Becton, Dickinson and Company, and the like can be used in the present invention. The operation may be carried out according to the basic operation and analysis conditions attached to the device. Furthermore, many research paper and documents about the flow cytometry analysis are published. See, for example, Cao T M, et al. Cancer. 2001 Jun. 15; 91 (12): 2205-13., Storek K J, et al. Blood 97: 3380-3389, WEIR'S HANDBOOK OF EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY Vol. II <Blackwell Science>, Little MT and R. Storb Nature Reviews Cancer 2002 2: 231-238.

Typical procedure of the flow cytometry analysis is described below. The sample antibody and cells are reacted with each other, then reacted with antibody to be detected labeled with fluorescent dye, so that cells are labeled with fluorescence. The amount of sample antibody to be bound varies depending upon the amount of antigen existing on the surface of the cells. As a result, the amount of fluorescent label of the cells becomes different. Therefore, by measuring the fluorescence intensity, the affinity between the antigen existing on the surface of the cell and the ample antibody and the amount of antigen can be estimated. In general, prior to the detection of the fluorescence intensity, forward scatter light (FSC) and side scatter light (SSC) are measured and gated, so that the fluorescence intensity of only the target cell population is measured. Specifically, for example, the forward scatter light and the side scatter light are shown in X-axis and Y-axis, respectively. The cell population (when established cell lines or cultured cells are used, the cell population becomes extremely uniform) that are assumed to be living cells from the data obtained by dot plot expansion are gated, and the fluorescence intensity within the gate is measured. The measurement result is shown in a form of, for example, histogram. Note here that the terms related to the histogram obtained in the flow cytometry analysis are mentioned below.

The “number of samples” denotes number of data and generally represented by n. The “total” denotes a total of data and generally represented by T. “Mean value” denotes an average of data and is calculated by dividing the total by the number of samples. The mean value is susceptible to abnormal data. The “median value” is a value located in the middle when the data are aligned in ascending numeric order. When the number of data is odd number, the average of two middle values is defined as a median value. The median value is less susceptible to abnormal data as compared with the mean value and shows the characteristics of the population more accurately. The “mode” denotes a value whose frequency is maximum in the data. In the case of the flow cytometry analysis, the mode is the same as a peak value. The mode is less susceptible to abnormal data as compared with the mean value. The “maximum value” is a maximum value of data and generally represented by Max.

The “range value” is difference between the maximum value and the minimum value and generally called range and referred to as R. The “dispersion” is a value showing the degree of variation of data. The larger the dispersion is, the larger the variation is. In general, it is referred to as V. The dispersion is obtained by dividing the sum of squares deviation by the number of samples (in the case of sample survey, divided by (number of samples −1)). The “standard deviation” denotes square root of the dispersion and is generally referred to as u. The “coefficient of variation” is a value obtained by dividing the standard deviation by an average value and is generally referred to as CV. Since the standard deviation does not clearly shows the degree of variation of data, the standard deviation is normalized by dividing it by the average value. In the flow cytometry analysis, it is frequently used as a value showing the resolving power of the device. The “kurtosis” is one of the indicators representing the distribution in the population and generally is referred to as H. The distribution in which the kurtosis is 0 is defined as normal distribution. When the kurtosis is larger than 0, the distribution has sharper apex than the normal distribution. When the kurtosis is smaller than 0, the distribution becomes more flatness than the normal distribution. The “skewness” denotes a value showing the left-right symmetry of the population and generally is referred to as G. When the skewness is 0, distribution becomes left-right symmetric. When the skewness is larger than 0, the distribution distorts in the right direction. When the skewness is smaller than 0, the distribution distorts in the left direction.

Step (4)

Next, the obtained data are compared and sample antibodies are classified based on the similarity of the obtained data. Herein, “based on the similarity” means that the similarly of data are used as a criterion of classification. An example of criterion (classification criterion) based on the similarity of data is shown below.

(a) A plurality of antibodies having the identical or highly similar data are classified into one antibody group. Specifically, for example, plurality of antibodies having extremely similar histogram is defined as one group when the shape of the histogram showing the distribution of cells is determined by the kurtosis, skewness and the like.

(b) An antibody providing specific data forms one antibody group by itself.

(c) An antibody having a low reactivity with respect to the antigen is excluded

(the antibody does not belong to any groups).

In the present invention, each antibody is classified by one or two or more criteria selected from the above-mentioned classification criteria (a) to (c).

The similarity of data can be determined based on the parameter specifying the data. However, the specific determination method is dependent upon the types of data. In the case where data are represented by numeric values, it is possible to determine the similarity based on the degree of similarity of numeric values (for example, when 1, 2, and 5 are given as data, it is determined that the similarity between 1 and 2 has high similarity).

Furthermore, when a histogram is given as data, it is possible to determine the similarity of data based on the shape of the histogram. As a result of the investigation by the present inventors, it is determined that the shape of the histogram in the flow cytometry analysis is highly dependent upon the kinds of the antigen. In other words, when the antigens to be recognized are the same, regardless of the kinds of antibodies, it is determined that the histogram having an identity or high similarity can be obtained. Base on this fact, in one embodiment of the present invention, by comparing the shapes of the histogram showing the results of the flow cytometry analysis, the similarity of data is determined. Specifically, the similarity of data can be determined by comparison by visual observation or by comparison of one or two or more of parameters specifying the histogram. The parameters herein can employ one or more values selected from the group consisting of median value, mode, maximum value, range, standard deviation, kurtosis, and skewness of the histogram. Preferably, determination is carried out in terms of two or more values, furthermore preferably three or more values, and yet furthermore preferably four or more values. By increasing parameters to be used in determination, the determination accuracy can be improved. Among these parameters, it is said to be advantageous that the median value, mode, or kurtosis that are parameters deeply related to the shapes of the histogram are employed for carrying out the determination at high accuracy. Preferably, a combination of two or more of these parameters is used. Specifically, for example, the similarity of the histogram may be determined based on the median value, mode, and kurtosis.

When two data to be compared have similar values in terms of employed parameters, the similarity between the two data is determined to be high. When the difference between two values (100×(A−B)/A (%) when the two values are A, B (A≧B)) is within 10%, preferably within 5%, and furthermore preferably within 3%, the two values are determined to be similar.

In one embodiment of the present invention, when or after the sample antibodies are classified, sample antibodies having a low reactivity to the cell surface antigen are removed. Thereby, an antibody group including highly useful sample antibodies can be formed. The degree of the reactivity of the antibody can be determined by using the results of the flow cytometry analysis. Specifically, the mode (peak value) of the histogram obtained with respect to the sample antibody to be determined and the mode (that is to say, the maximum mode in the group) of the histogram obtained with respect to the sample antibody having the maximum reactivity in the antibody group to which the sample antibody belongs. As a result, when the former is ½ or less of the latter, preferably ⅕ or less, furthermore preferably 1/10, it is determined that the sample antibody to be determined has low reactivity.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the reactivity of each sample antibody is examined in two or more kinds of cells and the sample antibodies are classified by using the results. That is to say, two or more kinds of cells are prepared and by using the prepared cells, steps (2) to (4) are carried out.

The expression amount, distribution, and the like of the cell surface antigens are dependent upon the kinds of cells. Therefore, two antibodies having high similarity in data obtained by using certain cells, that is, two antibodies having the common antigens should provide data having high similarity when the other cells are used. Thus, when the two antibodies to be compared provide data with high similarity with respect to more than two kinds of cells, the probability that the antibodies have the common antigens is extremely high. Furthermore, when such results are obtained, it can be easily determined that the two antibodies have the common antigens. Thus, the use of two kinds or more cells can make it accurate and easy to determine the identity of antigens.

In one preferable embodiment of the present invention, sample antibodies having identical or highly similar data with respect to at least two kinds of cells are classified into one antibody group.

Furthermore, by observing the classification results of the case where two or more kinds of cells are used, kinds or amount of antigens to be expressed can be compared between the cells. Therefore, more useful information can be provided in studying the properties of these cells.

In one embodiment of the present invention, a classification result is displayed as a panel. The “panel” in this specification is a product in which a plurality of elements (for example, antigen, antibody, antibody group, cell, name of disease, name of pathologic condition), are displayed in the form of tables or drawings, in which the elements are associated with each other, on media such as a display and paper. Each element is represented by general name, abbreviation, alias, or symbol or code representing thereof, and the like. The panel of the present invention shows the relationship with respect to two kinds or more of elements.

The term “associating to” in the present invention means that two or more elements are linked. Therefore, in the tabular format panel showing the association between an antigen and an antibody group, for example, both elements are displayed in adjacent to each other, or both elements are displayed in the same cells, or both elements are linked by a line or something, so that it can be understood that the both elements form a pair.

In the panel herein, typically, antibody groups are displayed in a way in which they are associated with each other for each antigen (or for each antigen having high association) expressed by the cells that have been subjected to the flow cytometry analysis. Therefore, this panel makes it possible to access antibodies useful for studying surface antigens of the cells. Thus, the panel itself of the present invention has a great value. A panel formed by using two kinds or more of cells makes it possible to understand the presence, expression amount, and the like, of antigens expressing between cells. Such a panel has further higher values.

In the panel of the present invention, antibodies may be arranged regularly in accordance with the reactivity to antigens. Thus, the difference in the reactivity between antibodies can be made obvious.

According to the classifying method in the present invention, a plurality of antibodies recognizing the same antigen (or antigens having high association) are associated with each other. In other words, for each antigen (or for each antigen having high association), antibody assembly (antibody group) recognizing the antigen can be obtained. These antibody groups are useful for studying cell surface antigen and have high usability. Furthermore, according to the classifying method of the present invention, a large number of antibodies can be classified rapidly for each antigen (or for each antigen having high association). That is to say, the classifying method of the present invention is useful for classification of a large number of antibodies and allows comprehensive classification of antibodies. The term “highly associated” or “having high association” used for antigen means that two or more antigens have a close association in a living body, for example, the antigens are not the same molecules but exhibit one function cooperatively (for example, two antigens are bound so as to form one complex functionally).

According to the classifying method of the present invention, typically, plurality of antibodies are associated with each other for each antigen (or for each antigen having high association). Therefore, in studying certain antigens, a plurality of antibodies can be used or suitable antibodies can be selectively used if necessary, which leads to better results or significant findings and means that studying can be proceeded advantageously.

On the other hand, by executing the classifying method of the present invention, it is possible to understand the expression amount of distribution of cell surface antigens (antigen are unknown) in certain cells (that is, cells that are brought into contact with the sample antibody). Thus, the classifying method of the present invention provides useful information on the properties of the certain cells and is useful for studying the cells (in particular, the surface antigens).

Note here that when antigens to all the sample antibodies are unknown, antigens to which each antibody group is associated are not identified. On the other hand, when some identified antigens are contained in a part of the sample antibodies, an antigen to which the antibody group containing the antibody becomes an identified antigen. Thus, it is also possible to associate an antibody group with the identified antigen.

According to the above-mentioned classifying method, antibodies are classified based on the reactivity between the antigens and certain cell surfaces and the antibody groups are formed. Therefore, antibodies belonging to the same antibody group have the same (or highly similar) reactivity to the surface of cells used for classification. However, it is not necessarily ensured that all the antibodies belonging to the same antibody group can recognize the same antigens. Even if the recognizing antigen is the same, the reactivity to cells expressing antigens on the cell surface may be different. Furthermore, the opposite case may occur (even if the recognizing antigen is different, the reactivity to cells expressing antigens on the cell surface may be the same, for example, one of the complex may be recognized).

Therefore, in order to form an antibody for each recognizing antigen, one embodiment of the present invention carries out the following steps (i) to (vi) after the step (4).

(i) associating the classified antibodies with a combination of n pieces of parameters including a first parameter, a second parameter, . . . , and an n-th parameter (wherein, n represents an integer of 2 or more, each parameter has two or more parameter values and the same parameter value is given to two or more antibodies in each parameter);

(ii) with respect to each parameter, preparing an antibody mixture of the antibodies having the same parameter value;

(iii) examining a reactivity of each of the antibody mixtures with a target antigen by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) so as to specify the antibody mixture which shows reactivity;

(iv) specifying a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture;

(v) selecting an antibody corresponding to the combination specified in the step (iv) in terms of all parameters among the antibodies subjected to step (i); and

(vi) classifying the selected antibodies into one antibody group.

According to the classifying method of this embodiment, an antibody group can be formed for each antigen to be recognized. That is to say, antibody groups having various individualities recognizing the same antigen can be obtained. Furthermore, the combination of the plurality of parameters is associated with each antigen and then an antibody mixture is prepared according to a predetermined regulation. Then, based on the results of ELISA (Enzyme-Linked immunosorbent assay) using the antibody mixture, an antibody recognizing a target antigen is determined. By this unique technique, antibodies can be classified rapidly and efficiently. Furthermore, at the same time when the antibodies are classified, as to at least a part of the antibodies, an antigen is identified. That is to say, the classifying method of this embodiment is a method of rapidly and efficiently obtaining an antibody whose antigen has been identified, which dramatically promote the increase in the number of antibodies whose antigens have been identified. On the other hand, the classification results show the presence form or expression from on the cell surface used in flow cytometry analysis, which provides extremely useful information for study and development of the application of antibody (for example, treatment of cancer). Furthermore, when the presence of a certain antigen is clarified based on the classification results, it is possible to obtain an unknown antigen (for example, complex counterpart) that is thought to be possible to exist in a form of a complex with the antigen. That is to say, the classifying method of this embodiment efficiently functions as determining a novel antigen or novel molecule complex. Hereinafter, each step is described in detail. For convenience of explanation, the classifying method of this embodiment is also referred to as “n dimensional ELISA method.”

Step (i)

In this step, a combination of n pieces of parameters consisting of the first parameter, the second parameter, . . . , and the n-th parameter are associated with antibodies classified by the preceding steps (steps (1) to (4)). Thus, each antibody has n-dimensional address (a parameter value of the first parameter, a parameter value of the second parameter, . . . , and a parameter value of the n-th parameter).

In general, association is carried out with respect to all the antibodies that have been classified in the preceding steps, although the association is not limited to this. That is to say, the association may be carried out only a part of the antibodies that has been classified in the preceding steps. In this case, a part of antibodies are excluded from the antibodies to be classified.

Herein, “n” is an integer of two or more. That is to say, to each antibody, two or more combinations of parameters are associated. The number of “n” does not have an upper limit. When the number of “n” is too large, operations in the subsequent steps (for example, preparation of an antibody mixture, specification of an antibody mixture showing the reactivity) may be excessively complicated. Therefore, “n” is preferably three to five.

On the other hand, each parameter is made to have two or more parameter values and the same parameter values of each parameter are made to be provided to two or more kinds of antibodies. Specifically, parameter values of the first parameter may be 1, 2, 3 and 4, and each parameter value is provided to five kinds of antibodies, respectively. The number of the parameter values is set for each parameter. Furthermore, similar to the number of parameters, the number of the parameter values does not have an upper limit. In order to make the analysis in the following steps (iv) and (v) be efficient and improve the accuracy thereof, it is preferable that the kinds of antibodies contained in each antibody mixture are not excessively large number. Therefore, each parameter value may be set so that the kinds of antibodies contained in each antibody mixture is preferably 200 or less, and furthermore preferably, 100 or less. Specifically, for example, the number of the parameter values can be set to between 2 and 100. Note here that the kind of antibodies contained in each antibody mixture is dependent upon the setting of the parameter, and may not be equal between antibody mixtures.

Step (ii)

In this step, an antibody mixture, in which antibodies having the same parameter value are mixed, is prepared. The antibody mixture is prepared for each parameter. For example, when the values of the first parameter is 1, 2, 3 and 4, an antibody mixture mixing antibodies to which 1 is given as the first parameter, an antibody mixture mixing antibodies to which 2 is given as the first parameter, an antibody mixture mixing antibodies to which 3 is given as the first parameter, and an antibody mixture mixing antibodies to which 4 is given as the first parameter are prepared. By the same procedure, as to the remaining parameters, antibody mixtures are prepared. Thus, antibody mixtures in the same number as the total number of the number of the first parameter, the number of the second parameter, and the number of the n-th parameter are prepared.

In general, an antibody mixture, in which all antibodies having the same parameter values are mixed, are prepared although the antibody mixture is not limited to this. An antibody mixture may be prepared by selecting a part of all antibodies having the same parameter values and mixing thereof. Thus, the selection of antibodies may be carried out in this stage.

It is preferable that an antibody mixture is prepared so that all antibodies are contained in equal amount and the amount of each antibody (that is, concentration for each antibody) is equal between antibody mixtures. Adjusting the amount of antibodies in this way facilitates the specification of the antibody mixture based on the reactivity in the following ELISA.

Step (iii)

In this step, the reactivity between each of the antibody mixtures and the target antigen is examined by ELISA so as to specify the antibody mixture showing the reactivity. When at least one of the antibodies recognizing the target antigen is contained in the antibody to be used for preparing the antibody mixture, a plurality of antibody mixtures shows the reactivity. On the other hand, when the antibody recognizing the target antigen is not contained, any of the antibody mixtures will not show reactivity. In this case, the operation is terminated without continuing the following operations.

The target antigen herein nay include HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, IgSF4, BCAM, CIqR, CD44, CD73, LAR, EpCAM, HGFR, and the like. The target antigen can be arbitrarily selected. The antigen determined by the below-mentioned identification methods (step (5) and (6)) may be used as the target antigen herein.

Step (iv)

In this step, a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture is specified. In the present invention, the combination specified herein is referred to as “positive combination.” Specifically, the positive combination is specified like (first parameter, parameter value a1), (second parameter, parameter value a2), . . . , (the n-th parameter, parameter value an). When a plurality of antibody mixtures having the different degree of reactivity are recognized in the step (iii), similarly, specification may be carried out for each level of the reactivity. For example, the middle level of positive combination may be specified like (first parameter, parameter value a1), (second parameter, parameter value a2), . . . , (the n-th parameter, parameter value an); and the high level of positive combination may be specified like (first parameter, parameter value b1), (second parameter, parameter value b2), . . . , (the n-th parameter, parameter value bn).

Step (v)

In this step, antibodies corresponding to the combination specified in step (iv) as to all parameters are selected from the antibody subjected to step (i). That is to say, antibodies in which all parameters are positive combination are selected. For example, when (first parameter, parameter value a1), (second parameter, parameter value a2), . . . , (the n-th parameter, parameter value an) are specified as the positive combination, antibodies having (parameter value a1, parameter value a2, . . . , parameter value an) is selected.

Step (vi)

In this step, the selected antibodies are classified into one antibody group. Thus, an antibody group showing the reactivity to the target antigen can be made into one group. In other words, an antibody group whose antigen is determined can be obtained. Note here that when only one antibody is selected in the step (v), this only one antibody makes one an antibody group.

When two or more kinds of target antigens are prepared and the above-mentioned steps (iii) to (vi) are carried out by using each target antigen, two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens can be obtained.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the steps (i) to (v) are tried a plurality of times under the conditions in which the combination of parameters is changed every trial. For example, in the first trial, analysis is carried out in which four parameter combinations composed of numeric values (for example, antibody 1 (001, 001, 001, 001), antibody 2 (002, 002, 002, 002), . . . ) are associated with each antibody. In the second trial, analysis is carried out in which three parameter combinations composed of alphabets (for example, antibody 1 (ααα, ααα, ααα), antibody 2 (βββ, βββ, βββ, βββ), . . . ) are associated with each antibody. Note here that each trial is carried out so that the antibody group formed in each trial is not completely identical. The “antibody group is completely identical” means that the numbers of groups are the same and the kinds of antibodies contained in each group are the same over the all groups.

After a plurality of times of trials, antibodies in which the results in all trials are not contradictory and which show the binding positive reaction to the target antigen are selected. Then, the step (vi) is carried out by using the selected antibody (a plurality of antibodies).

When trials are carried out at a plurality of times and only an antibody that provides not-contradictory (that is, consistent) results are selected, an antibody having a target antigen reactivity (intended antibody) can be efficiently obtained.

The number of times of trial in the steps (i) to (v) is not particularly limited. It may be arbitrarily set by considering the number of antibodies to be treated, the number of “positive combinations” that is anticipated at one trial. For example, the number of times of trial can be twice to five times.

In a further embodiment of the present invention, the following steps are carried out between the step (v) and the step (vi).

(v-1) newly associating the classified antibodies selected in step (v) with a combination of n pieces of parameters in a same manner as in the step (i);

(v-2) with respect to each parameter, preparing the antibody mixture of antibodies having the same parameter value;

(v-3) examining a reactivity of each of the antibody mixtures with a target antigen by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) so as to specify the antibody mixture showing the reactivity;

(v-4) determining a combination of a parameter name and a parameter value that are common to the antibody group contained in the specified antibody mixture; and

(v-5) selecting an antibody having the combination specified in the step (v-4) in terms of all parameters among the antibodies subjected to the step (v-1).

Note here that the steps (v-1) to (v-4) are repeated twice or more, if necessary. In this embodiment, a combination of parameters is newly associated with antibodies selected in one trial. Then, the selection of antibody is carried out again. By repeating trials, the intended antibody is narrowed. Thus, classification accuracy is improved.

Herein, with reference to FIGS. 77 and 78, the principle of the n-dimensional ELISA method is described more particularly. FIGS. 77 and 78 are conceptual diagrams in a case where n is 3 (three dimensional ELISA method). In this example, a general-purposed 96-well microwell plate is used. Firstly, plates in the number necessary to the number of antibody clones are prepared. In this example, the number of antibody clones is made to be 4,800 and 50 plates (4,800 well in total) are prepared.

Next, the antibody clone is placed in the well sequentially and the antibody clones are arranged in the plate. Thus, each antibody clone is associated with an address consisting of a plate number (first parameter), a plate row name (second parameter), and a plate column number (third parameter). For example, the address of the antibody clone in the first plate, row A and first column in a well becomes (1, A, 1).

Subsequently, a mixture of antibody clones having the same plate number (referred to as a plate mixed antibody), a mixture of antibody clones having the same plate row name (referred to as a row mixed antibody), and a mixture of antibody clones having the same plate column number (referred to as a column mixed antibody) are prepared, respectively (FIG. 77). The number of the respective mixed antibodies are 50 (first plate mixed antibody to fifth plate mixed antibody), 8 (row A mixed antibody to row H mixed antibody), and 12 (first column mixed antibody to twelfth column mixed antibody), sequentially.

The mixed antibodies prepared as mentioned above are placed in wells in a newly prepared 96-well microwell plate sequentially, and the mixed antibodies are aligned in the plate. In this example, in the plate, the first to seventh columns are assigned to the plate mixed antibody, the eighth column is assigned to the row mixed antibody, and the ninth to tenth columns are assigned to the column mixed antibody (upper part of FIG. 78). The thus obtained plates are used and ELISA method is carried out. Then, by examining the well showing the reactivity, the address of the intended antibody clone (antibody clone showing the reactivity to the target antigen) is specified. In this example, a well in which the plate mixed antibody of the third plate is placed, a well in which the row mixed antibody of the row E is placed, and a well in which the column mixed antibody of the third column show the reactivity, (3, E, 3) is specified as an address of the intended antibody (lower part of FIG. 78). Finally, antibody clone to which the specified address is associated with is obtained as the intended antibody.

The second aspect of the present invention provides an identifying method of an antigen to each antibody classified in the classifying method of the present invention. In the identification method of the present invention, following the above-mentioned steps (1) to (4) in the classifying method of the present invention, the below-mentioned steps are carried out.

(5) selecting one or several antibodies from each antibody group formed in the step (4) and identifying an antigen thereof, and

(6) associating the antigens identified in the step (5) with an antibody group, on the estimation that antigens to antibodies belonging to the same antibody group are identical or have high relationship, and

Step (5)

In this step, antibodies to be identified are selected. The criteria of selection are not particularly limited, and antibodies that are judged to have high reactivity with respect to antigen from the results of the flow cytometry analysis may be selected. This is because when such an antibody is used, the identification operation using the antigen antibody reaction can be carried out advantageously.

The number of antibody to be selected is typically one, but the number is not necessarily limited to one. If necessary, several antibodies (for example, two or three antibodies) are selected. When a plurality of antibodies are selected from one antibody group, the identification results of antibodies can be compared with each other, and thereby the reliability of the identification results can be improved. On the other hand, when the identification operation is carried out by selecting a more than necessary number of antibodies, excessive workload is applied. As a result, the effect that is originally intended by the present invention is decreased. Then, it is preferable that the number of antibodies to be selected is small. Specifically, the number is preferably five or less, further preferably three or less, and the most preferably two or less. In order to maximize the effect of the present invention, the number of antibody to be selected from each antibody group is one.

Identification of an antigen to an selected antibody (hereinafter, referred to as “selected antibody”) can be carried out by using a method such as mass spectrometry, immunoprecipitation test, Western blotting, affinity chromatography, RNAi, proteomics techniques (analysis by electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, genome data base retrieve, and bioinformatics), and analysis of expression of corresponding gene. Among them, a method by the proteomics technique based on the mass spectrometry is suitable for identification of unknown antigen and preferable for the identification method employed in the present invention. Note here that these methods are not exclusive to each other and two or more of them can be used if necessary.

The mass spectrometry is a method of determining the mass of samples by separating ions generated from samples such as protein and peptide according to mass/electric charge (m/z), and measuring the intensity thereof. Since soft ionization methods such as an ESI method (Electro Spray Ionization) and an MALDI method (Matrix Assisted Laser Deporption Ionization) are developed, the mass spectrometry is widely used for analyzing living body sample such as protein and peptide.

A mass spectrometer is generally composed of ion source, mass spectrometer, and detector. According to sample types and analysis purposes, various mass spectrometers are commercially available. For identification of protein or peptide, MS/MS (Mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry) by a tandem mass spectrometry such as ESI Q-TOF MS, MALDI-TOF MS, and the like are used. A measurement method combining liquid chromatography and mass spectrometer (LC-MAS (liquid chromatography/Electro Spray Ionization mass spectrometer), LC-MS/MS, etc.), and the like, can be also used.

In the tandem mass spectrometer, two mass spectrometers are linked in series in which ions generated in the ion source are separated in the first mass spectrometer (MS 1) and allowed to pass through only a single ion peak. Then, inactive gas particles are allowed to collide with the ions so as to be degraded into product ions. This product ion is analyzed by the second mass spectrometer (MS 2). According to the combination of the first mass spectrometer (MS 1) and the second mass spectrometer (MS 2), tandem mass spectrometers such as Q-TOF, TOF-TOF, Q-Q, and Q-IT (Iontrap) are present. Like Q-TOF (a tandem mass spectrometer in which Quadrupole mass spectrometer: Q-MS and TOF mass spectrometer (Time-of-flight mass spectrometer: TOF-MS are linked in series), hybrid type tandem mass spectrometer composed of two different kinds of mass spectrometers is excellent in MS/MS measurement ability and suitable for identifying the amino acid sequence of protein and peptide.

In order to identify the amino acid sequence from the results of the mass spectrometer, a PMF method (peptide mass fingerprinting method) of carrying out genome data search by using experiment results, MS/MS ion search method and the like, are used. Furthermore, de novo sequencing method of determining the amino acid sequence by mathematical operation from the MS/MS spectrum without carrying out genome data search may be used.

On the other hand, an immunoprecipitation test, Western blotting technique, affinity chromatography, RNAi, and the like, are effective method when a selected antibody is anticipated to recognize the known antigen. These methods can examine the reactivity between the selected antibody and well-known antigen. That is to say, in the immunoprecipitation test, it is examined whether or not the selected antibody and certain known antigen form an immunoprecipitate. When an immunoprecipitate is formed, the known antigen is determined to be the antigen of the selected antibody. On the other hand, in the Western blotting technique, it is examined whether or not the selected antibody can recognize an antigen protein transferred to a PVDF membrane etc. Furthermore, in the affinity chromatography, the adsorption property of the selective antibody to a column supporting a certain known antigen is examined. The presence or the degree of adsorption property is determined. Herein, as the known antigen, commercially available antigens, or antigens expressed from a gene and purified can be used. Furthermore, operations of the immunoprecipitation test, Western blotting technique, affinity chromatography, and the like, can be carried out in the usual manner. In the investigation in RNAi, RNAi of the known antigen is allowed to act on forcedly expressed cells or cells to which an antibody is reacted. It is determined that the subject antibody recognizes the subject antigen when the staining property FCM or the degree of cell immunostaining is reduced.

Step (6)

In the identification method of the present invention, following the step (5), it is assumed that antigens to each antigen belonging to the same antibody group are identical or have high association. According to the assumption, the antigens identified in the step (5) are associated with an antibody group. Thus, all antibodies belonging to the same antibody group are associated with one antigen.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the above assumption (estimation as to the association of antigen) is verified. That is to say, in this embodiment, the reactivity between the antigen identified in the step (5) and the antibody belonging to the antibody group with which the antigen is associated in the step (6) is examined so as to confirm that the above assumption is correct. Specifically, firstly, antibodies are selected from the antibody group that needs verification. Preferably, all the antibodies are selected, and the reactivity thereof is verified. Next, the reactivity of each antibody to the identified antigen (hereinafter, referred to as “identified antigen”) is examined by using the immunoprecipitation test or ELISA (including cell ELISA), and RNAi. For example, in the immunoprecipitation test, by reacting the antibody to an solution or an extracted solution of cells that express the identified antigen, then, proteins recovered as the immunoprecipitates are detected by, for example, electrophoresis. Thereby, the reactivity of each antibody to the identified antigen can be confirmed. On the other hand, in ELISA, for example, by a series of operations including preparation of well in which an identified antigen is fixed, addition of antibody, addition of labeled antibody, and measurement amount of labeled antibodies, the reactivity of each antibody with respect to the identified antigen can be confirmed. Furthermore, also by examining the binding property to cells forcedly expressing the identified antigen, the reactivity of each antigen to the identified antigen can be confirmed. In the verification by RNAi, by allowing the known RNAi to act on cells forcedly expression the identified antigen or subjected cells showing the antibody reaction. When, the staining property of the subjected antibody in FCM and cell immunostaining is reduced, it is recognized that the subjected antigen is recognized.

Furthermore, when disease-related molecules (disease causative gene products, etc.) can be obtained in same forms such as purified protein or recombinant protein, the intermolecular interaction between such molecules and the antibodies can be examined in vitro (classical methods using fluorescence spectroscopy, gel filtration, and ultracentrifugation; a method using surface plasmon resonance phenomenon; a method using quartz-crystal resonator microbalance, and the like) or in vivo (monomolecular tracing method, fluorescence resonance energy metastasis (fluorescence resonance energy transfer: FRET) observation method, and the like).

When specific reactivity is observed between the identified antigen and each antibody, it is judged that the above assumption is correct.

In one embodiment of the present invention, identification results are displayed on a panel. Specifically, the panel is any of the following (a) to (c).

(a) a panel displaying as one antibody group a plurality of antibodies providing data identical to or similar to each other in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) in which each antibody group is associated with its antigen;

(b) a panel displaying as one antibody group a plurality of antibodies providing data identical to or similar to each other in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) in which each antibody in the antibody group is associated with a cell expressing a cell surface antigen recognized by the each antibody group; and

(c) a panel displaying as one antibody group a plurality of antibodies providing histogramidentical to or similar to each other in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) in which each antibody group, its antigen and a cell expressing a cell surface antigen recognized by the antibody are associated with each other.

The above-mentioned panels are useful for studying identified antigens, and for studying or classifying certain cells displayed on the panel.

The panel (a) displays the relationship between each antigen to the antibody group. Therefore, it is useful in searching an antibody to a certain antigen. The panel (a) can be formed by displaying by the use of diagrams or tabular formats the association between each antibody group and the antigen by using identification results by steps (5) and (6) of the present invention in which a plurality of antibodies providing identical or highly similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) of the present invention are defined as one group.

The panel (b) shows the association between the antibody group and cells. Therefore, it is useful in searching an antibody to a certain cell surface antigen. Furthermore, when the panel displays the association between the antibody group and a plurality of cells, useful information on the distribution of cell surface antigen can be provided. The panel (b) can be formed by displaying by the use of diagrams or tabular formats the association between each antibody group and cells expression the cell surface antigen recognized thereby by using identification results by steps (5) and (6) of the present invention in which a plurality of antibodies providing identical or highly similar data in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) of the present invention are defined as one group.

The panel (c) combines the panel (a) and the panel (b). This panel shows that the kinds or distribution state of a cell surface antigen expressed by certain cells and allows easy and rapid search of antibodies to the antigens of interest. The panel (c) can be formed by displaying by the use of diagrams or tabular formats the association between each antibody group and cells expression the cell surface antigen recognized by the antigen and each antibody group by using identification results by steps (5) and (6) of the present invention in which a plurality of antibodies providing identical or highly similar histogram in the flow cytometry analysis in the step (3) of the present invention are defined as one group.

In the identification method of the present invention, identification of antigen with respect to only a part of the antibodies in the antibody group, and as to the other antibodies, antigens are determined by estimation. Therefore, as compared with the case where identification operation is carried out for each antibody, necessary labor and time can be radically reduced. In other words, according to the identification method of the present invention, antigen of each antibody can be determined rapidly and easily. Note here that as shown in the below-mentioned Examples, as far as the present inventors have investigated, error in estimation has not been confirmed. The reliability of this method has been confirmed.

On the other hand, according to the identification method of the present invention, it is possible to understand the kinds of surface antigens expressed by certain cells. Furthermore, information on the expression amount can be obtained. When the classification of antibodies is carried out by using two kinds or more cells, information on the distribution state of the cell surface antigens can be obtained. Thus, the identification method of the present invention brings useful information as to the cell surface antigen.

As a result, according to the identification method of the present invention, it is possible to obtain an assembly of antibodies capable of recognizing antigens for each identified antigen (or for each of the plurality of antigens having high association). These antibody groups are useful for study of the cell surface antigens, classification and diagnosis of diseases, and the like. These antibody groups are expected to be applied to the field of treatment.

The present invention further provides an application of information obtained by the classifying method or the identification method of the present invention. As one of the applications, the third aspect of the present invention relates to a method of obtaining an antibody or an antibody set having a association with respect to a certain disease. The method of obtaining the antibody of the present invention (the first embodiment of the third aspect) includes the following steps.

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting an antibody in the antibody group, to which an antibody having a specific reactivity to any of diseases belongs, as a useful antibody.

On the other hand, a method of obtaining an antibody set of the present invention (the second embodiment of the third aspect) includes the step (3′) instead of the step (3):

(3′) selecting diseases to which two or more antibodies show a specific reactivity, then selecting antibodies from the antibody group, to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to the disease belongs, and combining the selected antibodies.

Hereinafter, the detail of each step is described with reference to FIG. 1. For convenience of explanation, in FIG. 1, it is assumed that the antibody groups 1 to 5 are obtained by the classifying method of the present invention and three antibodies belong to each antibody group. Furthermore, in this example, it is assumed that antigens to each antibody group have been already identified.

Firstly, in the step (1), focused antibody group (antibody groups 1, 3, and 5) are selected (FIG. 1, (1)). As in this example, two or more antibody groups may be selected.

Next, in the step (2), the reactivity between an antibody to each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease is examined. Specifically, a sample (cells or tissues) derived from a patient having a certain disease is prepared, and then, the reactivity of each antibody to the sample is examined (FIG. 1, (2)). Two or more antibodies from each of the selected antibody groups are selected, and thereby the reactivity of them may be examined. The “certain disease” herein is not particularly limited but it may include various kinds of cancers, for example, kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, alveolar cell carcinoma, lung squamous cell cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, pancreas cancer, adenocarcinoma, or ovarian cancer. In the example shown in FIG. 1, the reactivity with respect to two kinds or more of diseases are examined simultaneously. However, the examination is not limited to this alone. The reactivity to one disease may be examined. Furthermore, the reactivity with respect to a certain pathologic condition in the certain disease may be examined.

The reactivity with respect to the samples derived from a patient can be detected and evaluated by using an immunohistochemical staining technique, an immunoprecipitation method, flow cytometry analysis, cell ELISA and the like. These methods are not exclusive to each other and therefore two or more of these methods can be used if necessary. Among them, it is preferable to employ the immunohistochemical staining technique. The immunohistochemical staining technique permits rapid and sensitive detection. Furthermore, its operation is relatively simple.

In the immunohistochemical staining technique, tissues collected from a patient and an antibody are brought into contact with each other, and then, specifically bonded antibodies are detected. Concretely, the method of the present invention can be carried out according to the following immunohistochemical staining technique.

The immunohistochemical staining of living tissue is generally carried out by the following procedures (a) to 0). Note here that the immunohistochemical staining of living tissue can be referred to as various documents and publications (for example, “Enzyme-labeled Antibody Method” 3rd revised edition, K. Watanabe and K. Nakane (ed), Gakusai Kikaku).

(a) Immobilization—Paraffin Embedding Method Tissue surgically collected from a living body is immobilized in formalin, paraformaldehyde, absolute ethyl alcohol, and the like, and then embedded in paraffin. In general, it is dehydrated with alcohol, treated with xylene and embedded in paraffin. The paraffin embedded specimen is cut into a desired thickness (for example, 3 to 5 μm thick) and extended on a slide glass. Instead of the paraffin embedding specimen, an alcohol immobilized specimen, a dry sealed specimen, a frozen specimen, and the like may be used.

(b) Deparaffinization

In general, treatment is carried out with xylene, alcohol, and purified water sequentially in this order.

(c) Pretreatment (Antigen Activation)

If necessary, for antigen activation, for example, enzyme treatment, heat treatment and/or pressurization treatment are carried out.

(d) Removal of Endogeneous Peroxidase

When peroxidase is used as a labeling material for staining, endogeneous peroxidase activation is removed by carrying out with hydrogen peroxide solution.

(e) Non-Specific Reaction Inhibition

Non-specific reaction is inhibited by treating a section with bovine serum albumin solution (for example, 1% solution) for several minutes to several tens of minutes. Note here that this process may be omitted when the following primary antibody reaction is carried out by using an antibody solution impregnated with bovine serum albumin.

(f) Primary Antibody Reaction

An antibody diluted to an appropriate concentration is dropped on the slide glass and allowed to react for ten minutes to several hours. After reaction, the reacted produce is washed with an appropriate buffer solution such as phosphate buffer.

(g) Addition of Labeling Reagent

As the label material, peroxidase is frequently used. Secondary antibody bonded to peroxidase is dropped on the section and then allowed to react for ten minutes to several hours. After reaction, the reacted product is washed with an appropriate buffer solution such as phosphate buffer.

(h) Color Reaction

DAB (3,3′-diaminobenzidine) is dissolved in Tris buffer. Then, hydrogen peroxide solution is added. The thus prepared coloring solution is impregnated into a section for several minutes (for example, five minutes) so as to color the section. After coloring, the section is sufficiently washed with tapped water so as to remove DAB.

(i) Nuclear Staining

The section is subjected to nuclear staining by reacting it with Mayer hematoxylin for several seconds to several tens seconds. It was washed with flowing water for saddening (in general, for several minutes).

(j) Dehydration, Clearing, Encapsulation

The section is dehydrated with alcohol, clearing treated with xylene, and finally encapsulated with synthesized resin, glycerine, rubber syrup, and the like.

An antibody that is recognized to have specific reactivity to any of diseases can detect a cell surface antigen characterizing the disease with high sensitivity. Such an antibody is expected to be used as a diagnosis or treatment antibody of the disease. Then, in the step (3), an antibody of the antibody group including such an antibody is selected (FIG. 1 (3)). As a result, in this example, as to disease A, an antibody (antibody 1-1, 1-2 or 1-3) of the antibody group 1 and an antibody of the antibody group 3 (antibody 3-1, 3-2 or 3-3) are selected. As to disease B, an antibody (antibody 5-1, 5-2 or 5-3) of the antibody group 5 is selected. In this way, a specific antibody for a certain diseases can be obtained.

In the step (3′), a disease in which two or more antibodies show the specific reactivity is selected, and then, each antibody is selected from the antibody group to which the antibody showing the specific reactivity to the disease belongs, is selected, and the selective antibodies are combined (FIG. 1, (3′)). That is to say, in this example, the disease A is selected and the antibodies of antibody groups 1 and 3, which are antibody groups to which the antibody showing the specific reactivity to the disease A belongs, are combined. Thus, the antibody set showing specific to a certain disease is obtained.

Herein, by comparing the specificities (cross reactivity) of the antibodies in the antibody group, an antibody having the most excellent property may be selected (in this example, antibody 1-2, antibody 3-3, and antibody 5-3 are selected. See, FIG. 1, (4)). By adding this step, more useful antibody or antibody set can be obtained.

Furthermore, an antibody set may be structured by combining an arbitrary antibody that does not have reactivity to the diseases with the antibodies selected as the antibodies showing the reactivity to a certain disease (in this example, for example, the antibody 4-1 is combined to an antibody of the antibody group 1 and antibody of antibody group 3). By using such an antibody set, detail characterization of the disease can be possible.

According to the obtaining method of the present invention, an antibody (or antibody set) to a disease-specific antigen can be obtained. The antibody (or antibody set), which are as it is or to which necessary modification is added, is useful for study, classifying, diagnosing and treating the disease or the pathologic condition. Thus, this method provides an extremely useful tool in the field of medicine.

The third embodiment of this aspect provides the obtaining method of antibody set including the following steps.

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to two kinds or more of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting antibodies from the antibody group, to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of disease belongs, and combining the selected antibodies.

Hereinafter, the detail of each step is described with reference to FIG. 2. For convenience of explanation, in FIG. 2, it is assumed that the antibody groups 1 to 6 are obtained by the classifying method of the present invention and three antibodies belong to each antibody group. The antigens (antigen A) in the antibody groups 1 to 3 are common. Similarly, the antigens (antigen B) in the antibody groups 4 and 5 are also common.

In the step (1) of this embodiment, two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens (antibody groups 1, 4, and 6) are selected (see, FIG. 2 (1)). In the following step (2), the reactivity between the antibodies (antibodies 1-1, 4-1, and 6-1) in each of the selected antibody groups and certain diseases (diseases A to D) are examined (FIG. 2, (2)). In the step (3), antibodies in the antibody groups to which the antibody belong showing specific reactivity to any of diseases are combined. That is to say, in this example, an antibody of antibody group 1 to which an antibody 1-1 showing specific reactivity to disease A and an antibody of antibody group 4 to which an antibody 4-1 showing specific reactivity to disease B are combined to form an antibody set (FIG. 2, (3)). Thus, an antibody set (the antibody 1-1 and the antibody 4-1) including an antibody specific to disease A and an antibody specific to disease B is obtained. This antibody set is useful for detecting, for example, disease A or disease B and this antibody is a reagent effective to the discrimination of the diseases A and B.

Note here that by comparing the specificity (cross reactivity) and the like between the antibodies in the antibody group, an antibody having the most excellent property may be selected (In this example, the antibody 1-2 and the antibody 4-3 are selected. FIG. 2, (4)). By adding this step, it is possible to obtain a more useful antibody set.

As a result of carrying out the classifying method and the identification method of the present invention, assuming that a plurality of antibodies groups recognizing the same antigen are obtained, the fourth embodiment of this aspect provides a obtaining method of an antibody set including the following steps.

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) selecting an antibody from the antibody group to which the antibody having a specific reactivity to any of disease belongs, and an antibody belonging to other antibody group whose antigen is common to that of the antibody group, and combining the selected antibodies.

Hereinafter, the detail of each step is described with reference to FIG. 3. For convenience of explanation, in FIG. 3, it is assumed that the antibody groups 1 to 6 are obtained by the classifying method of the present invention and three antibodies belong to each antibody group. The antigens (antigen A) in the antibody groups 1 to 3 are common. Similarly, the antigens (antigen B) in the antibody groups 4 and 5 are also common.

In the step (1) of this embodiment, two or more antibody groups recognizing different antigens (antibody groups 1, 4, and 6) are selected (see, FIG. 3 (1)). In the following step (2), the reactivity between the antibodies (antibodies 1-1, 4-1, and 6-1) in each of the selected antibody groups- and certain diseases (diseases A to D) are examined (FIG. 3, (2)). In the step (3), an antibody of the antibody group to which an antibody showing the specific reactivity to any of diseases and an antibody belonging to other antibody group whose antigen is common to the group are selected, respectively. The selected antibodies are combined so as to form an antibody set (FIG. 3, (3)). That is to say, in this example, an antibody in antibody group 1 to which antibody 1-1 belongs showing specific reactivity to disease A and an antibody of the antibody groups 2 and 3 whose antigens are common are combined. Thus, an antibody set specific to the disease A is obtained. Similarly, an antibody in antibody group 4 to which antibody 4-1 belongs showing specific reactivity to disease B and an antibody of the antibody group 5 whose antigen is common to that of antibody group 4. Thus, an antibody set specific to the disease B is obtained. As shown in this example, “another antibody group” herein is not particularly one but a plurality antibody groups may be present.

Herein, even in the case of cancers of the same organ, depending upon patients, the pathologic condition (grade of malignancy) may be largely different. The difference in such pathologic conditions is thought to be involved to the expression forms of the specific antigens. On the other hand, the antibody sets obtained in this embodiment are not different in the level recognized by an antigen but include antibodies that are different in the level of epitope. That is to say, this is an antibody set including a plurality of antibodies that are different in the epitope to be recognized. Such an antibody set permits multilateral detection or evaluation of expression forms of antigen. For example, such an antibody set is useful for detection of certain pathologic conditions in, for example, cancers, or a determination of the grade of malignancy.

Note here that by comparing the specificity (cross reactivity) and the like in the antibodies in the antibody group, an antibody having the most excellent property may be finally selected (FIG. 3, (4)). By adding this step, it is possible to obtain a more useful antibody set.

As a result of carrying out the classifying method and the identification method of the present invention, assuming that a plurality of antibodies groups recognizing the same antigen are obtained, the fifth embodiment of this aspect provides a obtaining method of an antibody set including the following steps.

(1) selecting two or more antibody groups recognizing the same antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic conditions, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a pathologic condition; and

(3) associating information about the reactivity and then combining the antibodies in the antibody groups.

Hereinafter, the detail of each step is described with reference to FIG. 4. For convenience of explanation, in FIG. 4, it is assumed that the antibody groups 1 to 6 are obtained by the classifying method of the present invention and three antibodies belong to each antibody group. The antigens (antigen A) in the antibody groups 1 to 3 are common. Similarly, the antigens (antigen B) in the antibody groups 4 and 5 are also common.

In the step (1) of this embodiment, two or more antibody groups recognizing common antigen (antibody groups 1 to 3) are selected (see, FIG. 4 (1)). In the following step (2), the reactivity between the antibodies (antibodies 1-1, 2-1, and 3-1) in each of the selected antibody groups and certain various diseases are examined (FIG. 4, (2)). Specifically, as to various pathologic conditions of certain disease, samples (cells or tissue) derived from a patient are prepared, and the reactivity between the samples and each antibody is examined. In the step (3), the obtained reactivity is associated with each other (FIG. 4, (2), right column), and then antibodies of each of the selected antibody groups (antibody groups 1 to 3) are combined so as to form an antibody set (FIG. 4, (3)). Thus, antibody sets specific to the certain pathologic condition of certain disease is obtained (in this example, an antibody set specific to pathologic condition of disease A including antibodies of the antibody groups 1 to 3 is obtained). The antibody set obtained in this embodiment is typically not different in the level of an antigen but include antibodies that are different in the level of epitope. Therefore, similar to the antibody set according to the above-mentioned embodiment, for example, the antibody set is useful detecting the certain pathologic condition in, for example, cancer, or a determination of the grade of malignancy. Note here that it is preferable that an antibody set is constructed by excluding antibodies showing no specific reactivity with respect to any pathologic conditions.

By comparing the specificity (cross reactivity) and the like in the antibodies in the antibody group, an antibody having the most excellent property may be finally selected (in this example, antibodies 1-2, 2-1 and 3-3 are selected, FIG. 4, (4)). By adding this step, it is possible to obtain a more useful antibody set.

A further aspect of the present invention provides a production method of a panel displaying a association between an antibody and a disease (or pathologic condition). In the first embodiment of this aspect, the following steps are carried out.

(1) selecting one or two or more of antibody groups from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

When one antibody group is selected in the step (1), as to one antibody or a plurality of antibodies whose antigen is common, a panel displaying the association with respect to a certain disease can be obtained. In the latter case, as to a plurality of antibodies whose antigen is common antigen, from the viewpoint of the association with respect to the disease, difference or points of difference (one caused by the cross reactivity and the like) can be read out. That is to say, the panel gives an important suggestion as to the property of the antibody. On the other hand, when two or more antibody groups are selected in the step (1), as to a plurality of antibodies whose antigen is different (however, when several antibodies from each antibody group in the step (1), antibodies whose antigen is common is contaminated), a panel displaying the association with respect to the certain disease is obtained. This panel gives information on the antibody group useful for study, classification and diagnosis. The panel itself has a great value. Form this panel, the association between a plurality of antigen and disease can be read out. That is to say, the panel gives an important suggestion as to the association between each antigen and disease.

Herein, in the step (2), it is preferable to examine the reactivity of the antibody as to two or more diseases. Thus, a panel displaying the association (linkage) between each antibody and two or more diseases can be obtained. The panel displays more pieces of information and further displays the association between diseases. Suggestion that is useful and important for study, classification and diagnosis of the diseases can be obtained.

In the second embodiment of this aspect, the following steps are carried out.

(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing different antigens from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of diseases, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

In this embodiment, a panel displaying the association between a plurality of antibodies whose antigen is different and a certain disease can be obtained. This panel gives information on an antibody group useful for study, classification and diagnosis for a disease and the panel itself has a great value. Form this panel, the association (linkage) between a plurality of antigens and disease can be read out. That is to say, the panel gives important suggestions as to the association between each antigen and disease as well as the association between antigens.

Herein, in the step (2), it is preferable to examine the reactivity of the antibody as to two or more diseases. Thus, a panel displaying the association between each antibody and two or more diseases can be obtained. The panel displays more pieces of information and further displays the association between diseases. Suggestion that is useful and important for study, classification and diagnosis of the diseases can be obtained.

In the third embodiment of this aspect, the following steps are carried out.

(1) selecting two or more of antibody groups recognizing a common antigen from the plurality of antibody groups classified by the classifying method according to the present invention;

(2) with respect to one kind or two or more kinds of pathologic condition, examining a reactivity between an antibody in each of the selected antibody groups and a certain pathologic condition of disease; and

(3) associating the results of the step (2) with each antibody and displaying by using a drawing or a tabular format.

In this embodiment, as to a plurality of antibodies whose antigen is common, a panel displaying the association with respect to a pathologic condition of a certain disease can be obtained. This panel gives information on antibody group that is useful for study of each pathologic condition, study of difference between pathologic conditions, classification of pathologic conditions, or diagnosis on the level of the pathologic condition. The panel itself has a great value.

Herein, in the step (2), it is preferable to examine the reactivity of the antibody as to two or more pathologic conditions. Thus, a panel displaying the association between each antibody and two or more pathologic conditions can be obtained. This panel displays not only more pieces of information but also the association between the pathologic conditions. Suggestion that is useful and important to study, classification and diagnosis of each pathologic condition can be obtained.

Note here that the first embodiment of this aspect corresponds to the first and second embodiments of the third aspect. Similarly, the third aspect of the second embodiment corresponds to the third and fourth embodiments of the third aspect, respectively. Therefore, as to the matters that are not specifically noted in this aspect, the explanation of the corresponding third aspect is employed. In the panel of the present invention, the term “association between antibody and disease (or pathologic condition)” is displayed by characters showing subject diseases (or pathologic conditions) are positive or negative to the antibody (for example, “to positive,” “to negative,” “positive,” and “negative”) or marks (for example, “o,” “x,” “P,” and “N”) etc. The display is not limited to two-stage display and, display may be carried out in four stages, for example, strongly positive, moderate positive, weak positive, and negative.

The number of antibodies displayed in one panel is not particularly limited. For example, the number is 1 to 1000, preferably 2 to 100, and further preferably 5 to 59.

Furthermore, in addition to the association between an antibody and a certain disease (or pathologic condition), an antigen to each antibody may be shown. The combination of the panel of this aspect and the antibody (or antibody set) obtained in the above-mentioned obtaining method of the present invention becomes an effective tool for study, classification and diagnosis of diseases, pathologic conditions, or the like. That is to say, according to the combination, both information, i.e., an antibody (or an antibody set) specific to a disease or a pathologic condition and the association between the antibody (or the antibody set) and the disease or the pathologic condition can be obtained simultaneously.

The present invention further relates to a method of testing a disease in which a cell surface antigen is an indicator, the method comprising the following steps.

(1) preparing a cell or a tissue separated from a subject;

(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel (panel displaying the association between an antibody and a disease (or a pathologic condition)) according to the present invention; and

(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel.

According to the testing method of the present invention, as to a disease or a pathologic condition to be tested (hereinafter, referred to as “diseased to be tested”), information about the presence of contraction of a subject, contraction risk, pathologic conditions, and the like, can be obtained. That is to say, the testing method of the present invention is effective means for diagnosing the subjected disease. Furthermore, when the testing method of the present invention is carried out along with the treatment, the therapeutic effect can be evaluated based on the testing results. Thus, the testing method of the present invention may be used for monitoring the therapeutic effect.

In the step (1), cells or tissue separated from a subject (that is, a living body) (hereinafter, referred to as “subject cell, and the like”) are prepared. The term “separated from a subject” means a state in which a part of cells or tissue of a subject is extracted and completely isolated form a subject as a living body. A person who needs information about a disease to be tested is a subject. A subject may be a patient of a disease to be tested or may be an apparent healthy person. The “apparent healthy person” means a person who has not recognized to be a patient of a disease to be tested prior to the application of the testing method of the present invention.

In the step (2), the reactivity between the subject cells and the like and each antibody displayed on the panel of the present invention is examined. That is to say, by using an immunologic procedure (for example, immunohistochemical staining technique), whether or not the tested cells express an antigen recognized by each antibody is examined. According to the immunologic procedure, in general, information on the expression amount of antigens can be obtained. Therefore, in addition to the presence of expression antigen, the expression amount may be also examined. An example of the immunologic procedure includes ELISA method, radioimmunoassay, flow cytometry analysis, immunoprecipitation method, immune-blotting, and the like.

In the step (3), the results of the step (2) (reactivity of each antibody) is collated with the panel of the present invention. The panel of the present invention displays the association between each antibody and a disease or a pathologic condition. Therefore, this step clarifies the association between the tested cells etc. and the disease via the reactivity with respect to each antibody.

A further application of the above-mentioned panel also includes the following method of the present invention, that is, the optimum method of treating certain diseases, which includes the following steps.

(1) preparing a cell or a tissue separated from a subject;

(2) examining a reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel (a panel displaying the association between the antibody and disease (or pathologic condition)) according to the present invention;

(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel, and

(4) selecting an effective antibody according to the results of collating.

In the selection method of the present invention, similar to the above-mentioned testing method, after the steps (1) to (3) are carried out, according to the collation results, an effective antibody is selected (the step (4)). As the effective antibody, typically, an antibody showing a specific reactivity in the step (2) is selected. An antibody equivalent to the antibody showing a specific reactivity in the step (2) may be also selected. The “equivalent antibody” means an antibody having equivalent properties (reactivity or activity) to the reference antibody. An example of the equivalent antibody may be an antibody in which the sequence of the heavy chain variable region and the sequence of the light chain variable region are not substantially different from that of the reference antibody (completely identical, or slightly different so that the reactivity or activity is not affected). Another example of the equivalent antibody may be an antibody in which no difference is observed in all of the sequence of each CDR constituting heavy chain variable region and the sequence of each CDR constituting light chain variable region when it is compared with the reference antibody.

Diseases to which the selection method of the present invention is applied is a disease in which cell surface antigen selected from the group consisting of HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, IgSF4, BCAM, C1qR, CD44, CD73, LAR, EpCAM and HGFR is an indicator. That is to say, for selecting optimum treatment methods suitable for various diseases characterized by the expression of the cell surface antigen, the present invention can be used. According to the present invention, optimum treatment method suitable for each patient can be selected. Thus, tailor-made medicine can be realized.

It is preferable that the panel used in the selection method of the present invention displays two or more antibodies selected from the group consisting of 048-006 antibody, 057-091 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 048-040 antibody, 054-101 antibody, 055-147 antibody, 059-173 antibody, 067-149 antibody, 067-176 antibody, 015-126 antibody, 015-044 antibody, 015-102 antibody, 015-136 antibody, 015-143 antibody, 015-209 antibody, 039-016 antibody, 053-216 antibody, 075-024 antibody, 075-110 antibody, 086-032 antibody, 086-035 antibody, 086-036 antibody, 086-061 antibody, 086-138 antibody, 086-182 antibody, 035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, 3172-120 antibody, 066-069 antibody, 015-003 antibody, 064-002 antibody, 064-006 antibody, 064-012a antibody, 064-012b antibody, 064-014 antibody, 064-054 antibody, 064-085 antibody, 064-093 antibody, 064-116 antibody, 065-183 antibody, 067-142 antibody, 068-007 antibody, 052-033 antibody, 053-042 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody, 053-085 antibody, 035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, 041-118 antibody, 066-174 antibody, 083-040 antibody, 029-143 antibody, 045-134 antibody, 062-101 antibody, 062-109 antibody, 084-103 antibody, 052-274 antibody, 029-067 antibody, 083-131 antibody, 059-053 antibody, 064-003 antibody, 067-213 antibody, 067-153 antibody, 067-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, 067-287 antibody, 064-044 antibody, 065-030 antibody, 065-358 antibody, 066-019 antibody, 079-085 antibody, 067-024 antibody, and 076-048 antibody.

In one embodiment of the selecting method of the present invention, the following steps are carried out.

(1) preparing a panel displaying a reactivity between one or more antibodies selected from the group consisting of 048-006 antibody, 015-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, 064-044 antibody, 076-048 antibody and 059-053 antibody, and a clinical cancer tissue of one or more diseases selected from the group consisting of squamous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, alveolar adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma, and a cell or tissue separated from a subject;

(2) examining reactivity between the cell or the tissue and each antibody displayed on the panel;

(3) collating the results in the step (2) with the panel, and

(4) selecting an effective antibody according to the results of collating. In the step (1) of this embodiment, a panel displaying the reactivity between an antibody successfully obtained by the present inventor and clinical cancer tissue of a certain disease is prepared. In addition, cells or tissue separated from a subject are prepared. The step (2) or later are carried out similar to the above-mentioned embodiments. Note here that, a specific example of the panel to be used in this embodiment is a panel shown in FIG. 69.

Also in this embodiment, an antibody showing the specific reactivity in the step (2) or the equivalent antibody thereto is selected as an effective antibody. The selection method of this embodiment is preferred for selecting the suitable treatment method of squamous carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, alveolar adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or large cell carcinoma.

As a further aspect of the present invention provides an isolated antibody (or an antibody set) obtained in the above-mentioned obtaining method of an antibody (or an obtaining method of an antibody set). As shown in the below-mentioned Examples, the present inventors have succeeded in actually obtaining by the method of the present invention, an antibody relevant to HER1, an antibody relevant to HER2, an antibody relevant to CD46, an antibody relevant to ITGA3, an antibody relevant to ICAM1, an antibody relevant to ALCAM, an antibody relevant to CD147, an antibody relevant to C1qR, an antibody relevant to CD44, an antibody relevant to CD73, an antibody relevant to EpCAM, an antibody relevant to HGFR, an antibody relevant to LAR, and an antibody relevant to BCAM. Furthermore, in the current testing method, it is possible to obtain an antibody capable of recognizing two clinical specimen s that are determined to have the same disease (pathologic condition). With this antibody, a certain disease can be newly classified based on the expression state of an antigen and further such a disease can be examined.

A further aspect of the present invention provides an antibody successfully obtained by the present inventors and the application thereof. As shown in the below-mentioned Examples, the present inventors succeeded in obtaining nine kinds of antibodies to HER1 (048-006 antibody, 057-091 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 048-040 antibody, 054-101 antibody, 055-147 antibody, 059-173 antibody, 067-149 antibody, and 067-176 antibody), 16 kinds of antibodies to HER2 (015-126 antibody, 015-044 antibody, 015-102 antibody, 015-136 antibody, 015-143 antibody, 015-209 antibody, 039-016 antibody, 053-216 antibody, 075-024 antibody, 075-110 antibody, 086-032 antibody, 086-035 antibody, 086-036 antibody, 086-061 antibody, 086-138 antibody, and 086-182 antibody), eight kinds of antibodies to CD46 (035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, 3172-120 antibody, and 066-069 antibody), 13 kinds of antibodies to ITGA3 (015-003 antibody, 064-002 antibody, 064-006 antibody, 064-012a antibody, 064-012b antibody, 064-014 antibody, 064-054 antibody, 064-085 antibody, 064-093 antibody, 064-116 antibody, 065-183 antibody, 067-142 antibody, and 068-007 antibody), five kinds of antibodies to ICAM1 (052-033 antibody, 053-042 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody, and 053-085 antibody), 13 kinds of antibodies to ALCAM (035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, 041-118 antibody, 066-174 antibody, 083-040 antibody, 029-143 antibody, 045-134 antibody, 062-101 antibody, 062-109 antibody, 084-103 antibody, 052-274 antibody, 029-067 antibody, and 083-131 antibody), one kind of antibody to CD147 antibody (059-053 antibody), one kind of antibody to C1qR (070-016 antibody), one kind of antibody to CD44 (064-003 antibody), one kind of antibody to CD73 (067-213 antibody), one kind of antibody to EpCAM (067-153 antibody), three kinds of antibodies to HGFR (067-126 antibody, 067-133 antibody, and 067-287 antibody), five kinds of antibodies to LAR (064-044 antibody, 065-030 antibody, 065-358 antibody, 066-019 antibody, and 079-085 antibody), and one kind of antibody to BCAM (067-024 antibody). Since these antibodies are recognize an extracellular domain of antigen in a state in which it is expressed on the surface of the cell membrane, they are useful for staining cells and tissues, and the like. As a result of analysis of sequences of each antibody, the following sequence information is obtained. Note here that, following to the antibody name, the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region; the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain CDR1; the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain CDR2; the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain CDR3; the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region; the amino acid sequence of the light chain CDR1; the amino acid sequence of the light chain CDR2; and the amino acid sequence of the light chain CDR3 are described sequentially in this order.

1. Antibody to HER1

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned nine kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

048-006 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 1 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 2 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 3 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 4 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 5 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 6 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 7 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 8 (VL CDR3)

057-091 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 9 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 10 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 11 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 12 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 13 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 14 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 15 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 16 (VL CDR3)

059-152 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 17 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 18 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 19 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 20 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 21 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 22 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 23 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 24 (VL CDR3)

048-040 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 483 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 484 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 485 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 486 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 487 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 488 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 489 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 490 (VL CDR3)

054-101 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 491 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 492 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 493 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 494 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 495 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 496 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 497 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 498 (VL CDR3)

055-147 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 499 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 500 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 501 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 502 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 503 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 504 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 505 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 506 (VL CDR3)

059-173 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 507 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 508 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 509 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 510 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 511 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 512 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 513 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 514 (VL CDR3)

067-149 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 515 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 516 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 517 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 518 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 519 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 520 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 521 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 522 (VL CDR3)

067-176 antibody: SEQ ID NO: 523 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 524 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 525 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 526 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 527 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 528 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 529 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 530 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between these antibodies and pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, ovarian cancer cell line KF28, stomach cancer cell line SNU-5, lung squamous cell carcinoma line RERF-LC-AI, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-1, undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cancer cell line HLF, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, lung squamous cell carcinoma line EBC1, vulva mucosal epithelial cell line A431, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373, hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HepG2, and kidney cancer clinical specimen established cell line (as to the above mention, based on the results of the cell line staining), as well as the relationships between these antibodies and kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, lung squamous cell cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and pancreas cancer (as to the above mention, based on the results of the tissue staining) are experimentally confirmed.

2. Antibody to HER2

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned 16 kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

015-126 antibody SEQ ID NO: 25 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 26 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 27 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 28 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 29 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 30 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 31 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 32 (VL CDR3)

015-044 antibody SEQ ID NO: 531 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 532 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 533 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 534 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 535 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 536 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 537 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 538 (VL CDR3)

015-102 antibody SEQ ID NO: 539 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 540 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 541 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 542 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 543 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 544 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 545 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 546 (VL CDR3)

015-136 antibody SEQ ID NO: 547 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 548 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 549 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 550 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 551 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 552 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 553 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 554 (VL CDR3)

015-143 antibody SEQ ID NO: 555 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 556 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 557 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 558 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 559 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 560 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 561 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 562 (VL CDR3)

015-209 antibody SEQ ID NO: 563 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 564 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 565 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 566 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 567 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 568 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 569 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 570 (VL CDR3)

039-016 antibody SEQ ID NO: 571 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 572 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 573 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 574 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 575 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 576 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 577 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 578 (VL CDR3)

053-216 antibody SEQ ID NO: 579 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 580 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 581 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 582 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 583 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 584 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 585 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 586 (VL CDR3)

075-024 antibody SEQ ID NO: 587 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 588 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 589 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 590 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 591 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 592 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 593 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 594 (VL CDR3)

075-110 antibody SEQ ID NO: 595 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 596 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 597 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 598 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 599 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 600 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 601 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 602 (VL CDR3)

086-032 antibody SEQ ID NO: 603 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 604 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 605 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 606 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 607 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 608 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 609 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 610 (VL CDR3)

086-035 antibody SEQ ID NO: 611 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 612 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 613 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 614 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 615 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 616 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 617 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 618 (VL CDR3)

086-036 antibody SEQ ID NO: 619 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 620 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 621 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 622 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 623 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 624 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 625 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 626 (VL CDR3)

086-061 antibody SEQ ID NO: 627 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 628 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 629 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 630 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 631 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 632 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 633 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 634 (VL CDR3)

086-138 antibody SEQ ID NO: 635 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 636 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 637 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 638 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 639 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 640 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 641 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 642 (VL CDR3)

086-182 antibody SEQ ID NO: 643 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 644 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 645 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 646 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 647 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 648 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 649 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 650 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between these antibodies and pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line Calu-3, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, and breast cancer cell line BT474 (based on the results of the cell line staining) are experimentally confirmed.

3. Antibody to CD46

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. Finally 87 kinds of antibody clones are identified. As to the below-mentioned eight kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

035-224 antibody SEQ ID NO: 33 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 34 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 35 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 36 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 37 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 38 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 39 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 40 (VL CDR3)

045-011 antibody SEQ ID NO: 41 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 42 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 43 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 44 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 45 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 46 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 47 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 48 (VL CDR3)

051-144 antibody SEQ ID NO: 49 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 50 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 51 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 52 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 53 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 54 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 55 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 56 (VL CDR3)

052-053 antibody SEQ ID NO: 57 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 58 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 59 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 60 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 61 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 62 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 63 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 64 (VL CDR3)

052-073 antibody SEQ ID NO: 65 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 66 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 67 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 68 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 69 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 70 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 71 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 72 (VL CDR3)

053-049 antibody SEQ ID NO: 73 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 74 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 75 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 76 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 77 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 78 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 79 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 80 (VL CDR3)

3172-120 antibody SEQ ID NO: 81 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 82 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 83 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 84 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 85 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 86 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 87 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 88 (VL CDR3)

066-069 antibody SEQ ID NO: 755 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 756 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 757 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 758 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 759 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 760 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 761 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 762 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between these antibodies and large bowel cancer cell line CaCo2, stomach cancer cell line MKN45, undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HLF, liver cancer cell line HepG2, intrahepatic bile duct cell cancer cell line RBE, pancreas cancer cell line PANC1, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, lung cancer cell line NCI-H441, lung squamous cell cancer EBC1, stomach cancer cell line NCI-N87, stomach cancer cell line SNU-5, lung squamous cell carcinoma line RERF-LC-AI, hepatic cell carcinoma clinical specimen s, breast cancer cell line BT474, kidney cancer cell line 293T, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, and pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373 (as to the above mention, based on the results of the cell line staining), as well as the relationships between these kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and pancreas cancer (as to the above mention, based on the results of the tissue staining) are experimentally confirmed.

4. Antibody to ITGA3

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned 13 kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

015-003 antibody SEQ ID NO: 89 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 90 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 91 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 92 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 93 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 94 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 95 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 96 (VL CDR3)

064-002 antibody SEQ ID NO: 675 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 676 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 677 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 678 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 679 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 680 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 681 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 682 (VL CDR3)

064-006 antibody SEQ ID NO: 683 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 684 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 685 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 686 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 687 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 688 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 689 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 690 (VL CDR3)

064-012a antibody SEQ ID NO: 691 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 692 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 693 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 694 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 695 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 696 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 697 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 698 (VL CDR3)

064-012b antibody SEQ ID NO: 699 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 700 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 701 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 702 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 703 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 704 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 705 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 706 (VL CDR3)

064-014 antibody SEQ ID NO: 707 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 708 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 709 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 710 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 711 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 712 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 713 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 714 (VL CDR3)

064-054 antibody SEQ ID NO: 715 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 716 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 717 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 718 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 719 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 720 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 721 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 722 (VL CDR3)

064-085 antibody SEQ ID NO: 723 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 724 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 725 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 726 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 727 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 728 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 729 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 730 (VL CDR3)

064-093 antibody SEQ ID NO: 731 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 732 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 733 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 734 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 735 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 736 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 737 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 738 (VL CDR3)

064-116 antibody SEQ ID NO: 739 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 740 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 741 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 742 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 743 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 744 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 745 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 746 (VL CDR3)

065-183 antibody SEQ ID NO: 747 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 748 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 749 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 750 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 751 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 752 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 753 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 754 (VL CDR3)

067-142 antibody SEQ ID NO: 763 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 764 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 765 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 766 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 767 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 768 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 769 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 770 (VL CDR3)

068-007 antibody SEQ ID NO: 771 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 772 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 773 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 774 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 775 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 776 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 777 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 778 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between these antibodies and undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HLF, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373, lung squamous cell cancer EBC1, vulva mucosal epithelial cell line A431, breast cancer cell line BT474, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, hepatic cell carcinoma cell line OCTH, intrahepatic bile duct cell cancer RBE, pancreas cancer cell line PANC-1, pancreas cancer cell line MIA-Paca2, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line A549, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-N441, lung squamous cell carcinoma line Calu-3, lung squamous cell carcinoma line RERF-LC-AI, stomach cancer cell line SNU5, stomach cancer cell line MKN45, stomach cancer cell line NCI-N87, large bowel cancer cell line CW2, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, ovarian cancer cell line KF-28, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-1, and ovarian cancer cell line RMG-2 (as to the above mention, based on the results of the cell line staining), as well as the relationships between these antibodies and gallbladder and liver cancer and pancreas cancer (as to the above mention, based on the results of the tissue staining) are experimentally confirmed.

5. Antibody to ICAM1

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. Finally, 22 kinds of antibody clones are identified. As to the below-mentioned five kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

052-033 antibody SEQ ID NO: 97 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 98 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 99 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 100 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 101 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 102 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 103 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 104 (VL CDR3)

053-042 antibody SEQ ID NO: 105 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 106 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 107 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 108 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 109 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 110 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 111 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 112 (VL CDR3)

053-051 antibody SEQ ID NO: 113 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 114 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 115 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 116 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 117 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 118 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 119 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 120 (VL CDR3)

053-059 antibody SEQ ID NO: 121 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 122 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 123 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 124 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 125 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 126 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 127 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 128 (VL CDR3)

053-085 antibody SEQ ID NO: 129 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 130 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 131 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 132 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 133 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 134 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 135 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 136 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between these antibodies and liver cancer cell line HepG2, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, and cell line established from kidney clinical specimen (as to the above mention, based on the results of the cell line staining), as well as the relationships between these antibodies and hepatic cell carcinoma (as to the above mention, based on the results of the tissue staining) are experimentally confirmed.

6. Antibody to ALCAM

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned 13 kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

035-234 antibody SEQ ID NO: 137 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 138 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 139 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 140 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 141 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 142 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 143 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 144 (VL CDR3)

040-107 antibody SEQ ID NO: 145 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 146 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 147 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 148 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 149 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 150 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 151 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 152 (VL CDR3)

041-118 antibody SEQ ID NO: 153 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 154 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 155 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 156 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 157 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 158 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 159 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 160 (VL CDR3)

066-174 antibody SEQ ID NO: 161 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 162 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 163 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 164 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 165 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 166 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 167 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 168 (VL CDR3)

083-040 antibody SEQ ID NO: 169 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 170 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 171 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 172 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 173 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 174 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 175 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 176 (VL CDR3)

029-143 antibody SEQ ID NO: 779 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 780 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 781 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO 782 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 783 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 784 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 785 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 786 (VL CDR3)

045-134 antibody SEQ ID NO: 787 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 788 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 789 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 790 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 791 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 792 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 793 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 794 (VL CDR3)

062-101 antibody SEQ ID NO: 795 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 796 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 797 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 798 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 799 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 800 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 801 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 802 (VL CDR3)

062-109 antibody SEQ ID NO: 803 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 804 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 805 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 806 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 807 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 808 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 809 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 810 (VL CDR3)

084-103 antibody SEQ ID NO: 811 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 812 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 813 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 814 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 815 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 816 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 817 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 818 (VL CDR3)

052-274 antibody SEQ ID NO: 819 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 820 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 821 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 822 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 823 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 824 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 825 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 826 (VL CDR3)

029-067 antibody SEQ ID NO: 827 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 828 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 829 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 830 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 831 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 832 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 833 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 834 (VL CDR3)

083-131 antibody SEQ ID NO: 835 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 836 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 837 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 838 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 839 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 840 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 841 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 842 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between these antibodies and liver cancer cell line (HepG2, OCTH, Hep3B, and HLF), kidney cancer cell line (Caki-1, CCFRC1, ACHN, 293T, and cell line established from the clinical specimen), lung cancer cell line (PC14, NCI-H441, EB. C-1, RERF-LC-AI, A549, and H1373), ovarian cancer cell line (SKOv3, KF-28, RMG1, and RMG2), stomach cancer cell line (NCI-N87), large bowel cancer cell line (CW2), breast cancer cell line (BT474), acute myelocytic leukemia AML clinical specimen, and hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO (as to the above mention, based on the results of the cell line staining), as well as the relationships between these antibodies and kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, lung squamous cell cancer, alveolar cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma (as to the above mention, based on the results of the tissue staining) are experimentally confirmed.

7. Antibody to CD147

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned one kind of antibody clone, the sequence is analyzed.

059-053 antibody SEQ ID NO: 177 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 178 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 179 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 180 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 181 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 182 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 183 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 184 (VL CDR3)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the relationships between this antibody the and liver cancer cell line HepG2, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma PC14, and cell line established from kidney cancer clinical specimen (as to the above mention, based on the results of the cell line staining), as well as the relationships between these antibodies and kidney cancer (as to the above mention, based on the results of the tissue staining) are experimentally confirmed.

8. Antibody to C1qR

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned one kind of antibody clone, the sequence is analyzed.

070-016 antibody SEQ ID NO: 451 (VH); SEQ ID NO: (VH CDR1) 452; SEQ ID NO: 453 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 454 (yH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 455 (VL); SEQ ID NO: (VL CDR1) 456; SEQ ID NO: 457 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 458 (VL CDR3)

The relationship between this antibody and leukemia is experimentally confirmed. That is to say, in cell line staining using this antibody, leukemia AML cell line Nohno 1 and leukemia AML clinical specimen shows a strong positive property (MFI=20 or more). Furthermore, in the process of growing the leukemia cell line, this antibody is added to the growing temperature, rapid aggregation of cancer cells can be confirmed. Moreover, the antibody amount necessary to cause these phenomena is relatively low concentration.

9. Antibody to CD44

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned one kind of antibody clone, the sequence is analyzed.

064-003 antibody SEQ ID NO: 459 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 460 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 461 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 462 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 463 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 464 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 465 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 466 (VL CDR3)

The relationships between this antibody and liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and stomach cancer are experimentally confirmed. That is to say, in the cell staining using this antibody, hepatic cell carcinoma HLF, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-H1373, and ovary adenocarcinoma cell line SKOv3 show the strong positive property (MFI=20 or more), and epidermoid cancer cell line A431 and lung squamous cell cancer EBC1 show the weak positive property (MFI=3 or more). Furthermore, in immunostaining using this antibody, a case in which a pulmonary adenocarcinoma clinical specimen shows cancer specific stained image is observed, and cancer portions of alveolar cell carcinoma and lung squamous cell cancer show the weak positive property.

10. Antibody to CD73

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned one kind of antibody clone, the sequence is analyzed.

067-213 antibody SEQ ID NO: 467 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 468 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 469 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 470 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 471 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 472 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 473 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 474 (VL CDR3)

The relationships between this antibody and liver cancer, lung cancer, and ovarian cancer are experimentally confirmed. That is to say, in the cell staining using this antibody, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-H1373, and lung squamous cell cancer EBC1 show the strong positive property (MFI=20 or more), and liver cancer cell line HLF, ovary adenocarcinoma cell line SKOv3, and pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14 show the weak positive property (MFI=3 or more). Furthermore, in immunostaining using this antibody, a cancer-specific stained image is obtained in a pulmonary adenocarcinoma clinical specimen and a stained image showing the weak positive property to a cancer portion is obtained in lung squamous cell cancer.

11. Antibody to EpCAM

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned one kind of antibody clone, the sequence is analyzed.

067-153 antibody SEQ ID NO: 475 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 476 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 477 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 478 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 479 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 480 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 481 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 482 (VL CDR3)

The relationships between this antibody and liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, stomach cancer, and large bowel cancer are experimentally confirmed. That is to say, in the cell staining using this antibody, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-H1373 and lung squamous cell carcinoma line LK-2 show the strong positive property (MFI=20 or more); lung squamous cell cancer EBC1 and pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PCI4 show the positive property (MFI=10 or more); and ovary adenocarcinoma cell line SKOv3 shows the weak positive property (MFI=3 or more). Furthermore, in immunostaining using this antibody, an extremely excellent cancer-specific stained image is obtained in each clinical specimen of large bowel cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, lung squamous cell cancer, stomach cancer. A stained image having a weak cancer specific positive property is obtained in a part of hepatic cell carcinoma clinical specimens.

12. Antibody to HGFR

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. Finally 87 kinds of antibody clones are identified. As to the below-mentioned three kinds of antibody clones, the sequences are analyzed.

067-126 antibody SEQ ID NO: 651 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 652 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 653 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 654 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 655 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 656 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 657 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 658 (VL CDR3)

067-133 antibody SEQ ID NO: 659 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 660 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 661 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 662 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 663 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 664 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 665 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 666 (VL CDR3)

067-287 antibody SEQ ID NO: 667 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 668 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 669 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 670 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 671 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 672 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 673 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 674 (VL CDR3)

The relationships between this antibody and lung cancer, liver cancer, ovarian cancer, large bowel cancer, and stomach cancer are experimentally confirmed. That is to say, in cell line staining using this antibody, lung squamous cell cancer EBC1 shows a strong positive property (MFI=20 or more); alveolar adenocarcinoma NCI-H1373 shows the positive property (MFI=10 or more); and epidermoid cancer cell line A431, ovary adenocarcinoma cell line SKOv3, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, and hepatic cell carcinoma HLF show the weak positive property (MFI=3 or more). Furthermore, in immunostaining using this antibody, a weak positive property to cancer portion in a part of lung squamous cell cancer clinical specimen is obtained.

13. Antibody to LAR

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned five kinds of antibody clones, the sequence is analyzed.

    • 064-044 antibody SEQ ID NO: 944 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 945 (VL) 065-030 antibody SEQ ID NO: 946 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 947 (VL)
    • 065-358 antibody SEQ ID NO: 948 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 949 (VL)
    • 066-019 antibody SEQ ID NO: 950 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 951 (VL)
    • 079-085 antibody SEQ ID NO: 952 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 953 (VL)

In the immunostaining using these antibodies, a positive property is observed in a cancer portion in a part of the lung cancer clinical specimens.

14. Antibody to BCAM

A plurality of antibodies clones are obtained. Among them, antibodies having the same amino acid sequence are included. As to the below-mentioned one kind of antibody clone, the sequence is analyzed.

    • 067-024 antibody SEQ ID NO: 954 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 955 (VL)

In the immunostaining using these antibodies, a positive property is observed in a cancer portion in a part of the clinical specimens of lung cancer, liver cancer, and kidney cancer.

The first embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to HER1. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (3). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) to (6). Furthermore, preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2; and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region. CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (7) to (9) and (13) to (18). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (10) to (12) and (19) to (24).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 8 (2) SEQ ID NO: 12, SEQ ID NO: 16 (3) SEQ ID NO: 20, SEQ ID NO: 24 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (4) SEQ ID NO: 3, SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 7, SEQ ID NO: 8 (5) SEQ ID NO: 11, SEQ ID NO: 12, SEQ ID NO: 15, SEQ ID NO: 16 (6) SEQ ID NO: 19, SEQ ID NO: 20, SEQ ID NO: 23, SEQ ID NO: 24 (Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (7) SEQ ID NO: 2, SEQ ID NO: 3, SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 6 SEQ ID NO: 7, SEQ ID NO: 8 (8) SEQ ID NO: 10, SEQ ID NO: 11, SEQ ID NO: 12, SEQ ID NO: 14, SEQ ID NO: 15, SEQ ID NO: 16 (9) SEQ ID NO: 18, SEQ ID NO: 19, SEQ ID NO: 20, SEQ ID NO: 22, SEQ ID NO: 23, SEQ ID NO: 24 (13) SEQ ID NO: 484 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 485 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 486 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 488 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 489 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 490 (VL CDR3) (14) SEQ ID NO: 492 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 493 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 494 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 496 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 497 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 498 (VL CDR3) (15), SEQ ID NO: 500 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 501 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 502 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 504 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 505 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 506 (VL CDR3) (16) SEQ ID NO: 508 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 509 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 510 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 512 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 513 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 514 (VL CDR3) (17) SEQ ID NO: 516 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 517 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 518 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 520 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 521 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 522 (VL CDR3) (18) SEQ ID NO: 524 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 525 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 526 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 528 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 529 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 530 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (10) SEQ ID NO: 1, SEQ ID NO: 5 (11) SEQ ID NO: 9, SEQ ID NO: 13 (12) SEQ ID NO: 17, SEQ ID NO: 21 (19) SEQ ID NO: 483 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 487 (VL) (20) SEQ ID NO: 491 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 495 (VL) (21) SEQ ID NO: 499 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 503 (VL) (22) SEQ ID NO: 507 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 511 (VL) (23) SEQ ID NO: 515 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 519 (VL) (24) SEQ ID NO: 523 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 527 (VL)

Note here that (1), (4), (7), and (10) correspond to 048-006 antibody; (2), (5), (8), and (11) correspond to 057-091 antibody; (3), (6), (9), and (12) correspond to 059-152 antibody; (13) and (19) correspond to 048-040 antibody; (14) and (20) correspond to 054-101 antibody; (15) and (21) correspond to 055-147 antibody; (16) and (22) correspond to 059-173 antibody; (17) and (23) correspond to 067-149 antibody; as well as (18) and (24) correspond to 067-176 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to HER1.

The second embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to HER2. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following (2). Furthermore, preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (3) and (5) to (19). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) and (20) to (34).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 28, SEQ ID NO: 32 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (2) SEQ ID NO: 27, SEQ ID NO: 28, SEQ ID NO: 31, SEQ ID NO: 32 (Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (3) SEQ ID NO: 26, SEQ ID NO: 27, SEQ ID NO: 28, SEQ ID NO: 30, SEQ ID NO: 31, SEQ ID NO: 32 (5) SEQ ID NO: 532 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 533 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 534 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 536 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 537 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 538 (VL CDR3) (6) SEQ ID NO: 540 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 541 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 542 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 544 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 545 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 546 (VL CDR3) (7) SEQ ID NO: 548 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 549 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 550 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 552 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 553 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 554 (VL CDR3) (8) SEQ ID NO: 556 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 557 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 558 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 560 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 561 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 562 (VL CDR3) (9) SEQ ID NO: 564 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 565 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 566 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 568 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 569 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 570 (VL CDR3) (10) SEQ ID NO: 572 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 573 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 574 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 576 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 577 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 578 (VL CDR3) (11) SEQ ID NO: 580 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 581 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 582 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 584 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 585 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 586 (VL CDR3) (12) SEQ ID NO: 588 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 589 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 590 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 592 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 593 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 594 (VL CDR3) (13) SEQ ID NO; 596 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 597 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 598 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 600 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 601 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 602 (VL CDR3) (14) SEQ ID NO: 604 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 605 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 606 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 608 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 609 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 610 (VL CDR3) (15) SEQ ID NO: 612 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 613 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 614 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 616 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 617 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 618 (VL CDR3) (16) SEQ ID NO: 620 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 621 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 622 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 624 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 625 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 626 (VL CDR3) (17) SEQ ID NO: 628 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 629 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 630 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 632 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 633 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 634 (VL CDR3) (18) SEQ ID NO: 636 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 637 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 638 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 640 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 641 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 642 (VL CDR3) (19) SEQ ID NO: 644 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 645 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 646 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 648 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 649 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 650 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (4) SEQ ID NO: 25, SEQ ID NO: 29 (20) SEQ ID NO: 531 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 535 (VL) (21) SEQ ID NO: 539 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 543 (VL) (22) SEQ ID NO: 547 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 551 (VL) (23) SEQ ID NO: 555 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 559 (VL) (24) SEQ ID NO: 563 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 567 (VL) (25) SEQ ID NO: 571 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 575 (VL) (26) SEQ ID NO: 579 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 583 (VL) (27) SEQ ID NO: 587 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 591 (VL) (28) SEQ ID NO: 595 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 599 (VL) (29) SEQ ID NO: 603 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 607 (VL) (30) SEQ ID NO: 611 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 615 (VL) (31) SEQ ID NO: 619 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 623 (VL) (32) SEQ ID NO: 627 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 631 (VL) (33) SEQ ID NO: 635 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 639 (VL) (34) SEQ ID NO: 643 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 647 (VL)

Note here that (1) to (4) correspond to 015-126 antibody; (5) and (20) correspond to 015-044 antibody; (6) and (21) correspond to 015-102 antibody; (7) and (22) correspond to 015-136 antibody; (8) and (23) correspond to 015-143 antibody; (9) and (24) correspond to 015-209 antibody; (10) and (25) correspond to 039-016 antibody; (11) and (26) correspond to 053-216 antibody; (12) and (27) correspond to 075-024 antibody; (13) and (28) correspond to 075-110 antibody; (14), (29) correspond to 086-032 antibody; (15) and (30) correspond to 086-035 antibody; (16) and (31) correspond to 086-036 antibody; (17) and (32) correspond to 086-061 antibody; (18) and (33) correspond to 086-138 antibody; as well as (19) and (34) correspond to 086-182 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to HER2.

The third embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to CD46 antigen. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following the group consisting of (1) to (7). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following the group consisting of (8) to (14). Furthermore preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR 1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following the group consisting of (15) to (21). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region) selected from the following the group consisting of (22) to (28).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 36, SEQ ID NO: 40 (2) SEQ ID NO: 44, SEQ ID NO: 48 (3) SEQ ID NO: 52, SEQ ID NO: 56 (4) SEQ ID NO: 60, SEQ ID NO: 64 (5) SEQ ID NO: 68, SEQ ID NO: 72 (6) SEQ ID NO: 76, SEQ ID NO: 80 (7) SEQ ID NO: 84, SEQ ID NO: 88 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (8) SEQ ID NO: 35, SEQ ID NO: 36, SEQ ID NO: 39, SEQ ID NO: 40 (9) SEQ ID NO: 43, SEQ ID NO: 44, SEQ ID NO: 47, SEQ ID NO: 48 (10) SEQ ID NO: 51, SEQ ID NO: 52, SEQ ID NO: 55, SEQ ID NO: 56 (11) SEQ ID NO: 59, SEQ ID NO: 60, SEQ ID NO: 63, SEQ ID NO: 64 (12) SEQ ID NO: 67, SEQ ID NO: 68, SEQ ID NO: 71, SEQ ID NO: 72 (13) SEQ ID NO: 75, SEQ ID NO: 76, SEQ ID NO: 79, SEQ ID NO: 80 (14) SEQ ID NO: 83, SEQ ID NO: 84, SEQ ID NO: 87, SEQ ID NO: 88 (Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (15) SEQ ID NO: 34, SEQ ID NO: 35, SEQ ID NO: 36, SEQ ID NO: 38, SEQ ID NO: 39, SEQ ID NO: 40 (16) SEQ ID NO: 42, SEQ ID NO: 43, SEQ ID NO: 44, SEQ ID NO: 46, SEQ ID NO: 47, SEQ ID NO: 48 (17) SEQ ID NO: 50, SEQ ID NO: 51, SEQ ID NO: 52, SEQ ID NO: 54, SEQ ID NO: 55, SEQ ID NO: 56 (18) SEQ ID NO: 58, SEQ ID NO: 59, SEQ ID NO: 60, SEQ ID NO: 62, SEQ ID NO: 63, SEQ ID NO: 64 (19) SEQ ID NO: 66, SEQ ID NO: 67, SEQ ID NO: 68, SEQ ID NO: 70, SEQ ID NO: 71, SEQ ID NO: 72 (20) SEQ ID NO: 74, SEQ ID NO: 75, SEQ ID NO: 76, SEQ ID NO: 78, SEQ ID NO: 79, SEQ ID NO: 80 (21) SEQ ID NO: 82, SEQ ID NO: 83, SEQ ID NO: 84, SEQ ID NO: 86, SEQ ID NO: 87, SEQ ID NO: 88 (22) SEQ ID NO: 756 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 757 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 758 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 760 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 761 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 762 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (23) SEQ ID NO: 33, SEQ ID NO: 37 (24) SEQ ID NO: 41, SEQ ID NO: 45 (25) SEQ ID NO: 49, SEQ ID NO: 53 (26) SEQ ID NO: 57, SEQ ID NO: 61 (27) SEQ ID NO: 65, SEQ ID NO: 69 (28) SEQ ID NO: 73, SEQ ID NO: 77 (29) SEQ ID NO: 81, SEQ ID NO: 85 (30) SEQ ID NO: 755 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 759 (VL)

Note here that (1), (8), (15) and (23) correspond to 035-224 antibody; (2), (9), (16), and (24) correspond to 045-011 antibody; (3), (10), (17), and (25) correspond to 051-144 antibody; (4), (11), (18), and (26) correspond to 052-053 antibody; (5), (12), (19), and (27) correspond to 052-073 antibody; (6), (13), (20), and (28) correspond to 053-049 antibody; (7), (14), (21), and (29) correspond to 3172-120 antibody; as well as (22) and (30) correspond to 066-069 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to a CD46 antigen.

The fourth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to ITGA3. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (2). Furthermore, preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (3) and (5) to (17). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) and (18) to (30).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 92, SEQ ID NO: 96 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (2) SEQ ID NO: 91, SEQ ID NO: 92, SEQ ID NO: 95, SEQ ID NO: 96 (Combination of CDR 1 to CDR3) (3) SEQ ID NO: 90, SEQ ID NO: 91, SEQ ID NO: 92, SEQ ID NO: 94, SEQ ID NO: 95, SEQ ID NO: 96 (5) SEQ ID NO: 676 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 677 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 678 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 680 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 681 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 682 (VL CDR3) (6) SEQ ID NO: 684 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 685 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 686 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 688 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 689 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 690 (VL CDR3) (7) SEQ ID NO: 692 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 693 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 694 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 696 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 697 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 698 (VL CDR3) (8) SEQ ID NO: 700 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 701 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 702 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 704 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 705 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 706 (VL CDR3) (9) SEQ ID NO: 708 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 709 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 710 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 712 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 713 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 714 (VL CDR3) (10) SEQ ID NO: 716 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 717 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 718 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 720 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 721 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 722 (VL CDR3) (11) SEQ ID NO: 724 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 725 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 726 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 728 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 729 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 730 (VL CDR3) (12) SEQ ID NO: 732 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 733 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 734 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 736 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 737 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 738 (VL CDR3) (13) SEQ ID NO: 740 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 741 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 742 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 744 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 745 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 746 (VL CDR3) (14) SEQ ID NO: 748 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 749 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 750 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 752 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 753 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 754 (VL CDR3) (15) SEQ ID NO: 764 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 765 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 766 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 768 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 769 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 770 (VL CDR3) (16) SEQ ID NO: 772 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 773 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 774 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 776 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 777 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 778 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (4) SEQ ID NO: 89, SEQ ID NO: 93 (17) SEQ ID NO: 675 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 679 (VL) (18) SEQ ID NO: 683 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 687 (VL) (19) SEQ ID NO: 691 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 695 (VL) (20) SEQ ID NO: 699 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 703 (VL) (21) SEQ ID NO: 707 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 711 (VL) (22) SEQ ID NO: 715 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 719 (VL) (23) SEQ ID NO: 723 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 727 (VL) (24) SEQ ID NO: 731 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 735 (VL) (25) SEQ ID NO: 739 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 743 (VL) (26) SEQ ID NO: 747 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 751 (VL) (27) SEQ ID NO: 763 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 767 (VL) (28) SEQ ID NO: 771 (VH), SEQ ID NO. 775 (VL)

Note here that (1) to (4) correspond to 015-003 antibody; (5) and (17) correspond to 064-002 antibody; (6) and (18) correspond to 064-006 antibody; (7) and (19) correspond to 064-012a antibody; (8) and (20) correspond to 064-012b antibody; (9) and (21) correspond to 064-014 antibody; (10) and (22) correspond to 064-054 antibody; (11) and (23) correspond to 064-085 antibody; (12) and (24) correspond to 064-093 antibody; (13) and (25) correspond to 064-116 antibody; (14) and (26) correspond to 065-183 antibody; (15) and (27) correspond to 067-142 antibody; as well as (16) and (28) correspond to 068-007 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to ITGA3.

The fifth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to ICAM1. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following the group consisting of (1) to (5). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following the group consisting of (6) to (10). Furthermore preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following the group consisting of (11) to (15). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region) selected from the following the group consisting of (16) to (20).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 100, SEQ ID NO: 104 (2) SEQ ID NO: 108, SEQ ID NO: 112 (3) SEQ ID NO: 116, SEQ ID NO: 120 (4) SEQ ID NO: 124, SEQ ID NO: 128 (5) SEQ ID NO: 132, SEQ ID NO: 136 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (6) SEQ ID NO: 99, SEQ ID NO: 100, SEQ ID NO: 103, SEQ ID NO: 104 (7) SEQ ID NO: 107, SEQ ID NO: 108, SEQ ID NO: 111, SEQ ID NO: 112 (8) SEQ ID NO: 115, SEQ ID NO: 116, SEQ ID NO: 119, SEQ ID NO: 120 (9) SEQ ID NO: 123, SEQ ID NO: 124, SEQ ID NO: 127, SEQ ID NO: 128 (10) SEQ ID NO: 131, SEQ ID NO: 132, SEQ ID NO: 135, SEQ ID NO: 136 (Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (11) SEQ ID NO: 98, SEQ ID NO: 99, SEQ ID NO: 100, SEQ ID NO: 102, SEQ ID NO: 103, SEQ ID NO: 104 (12) SEQ ID NO: 106, SEQ ID NO: 107, SEQ ID NO: 108, SEQ ID NO: 110, SEQ ID NO: 111, SEQ ID NO: 112 (13) SEQ ID NO: 114, SEQ ID NO: 115, SEQ ID NO: 116, SEQ ID NO: 118, SEQ ID NO: 119, SEQ ID NO: 120 (14) SEQ ID NO: 122, SEQ ID NO: 123, SEQ ID NO: 124, SEQ ID NO: 126, SEQ ID NO: 127, SEQ ID NO: 128 (15) SEQ ID NO: 130, SEQ ID NO: 131, SEQ ID NO: 132, SEQ ID NO: 134, SEQ ID NO: 135, SEQ ID NO: 136

(Combination of heavy chain variable region and light chain variable region)

(16) SEQ ID NO: 97, SEQ ID NO: 101 (17) SEQ ID NO: 105, SEQ ID NO: 109 (18) SEQ ID NO: 113, SEQ ID NO: 117 (19) SEQ ID NO: 121, SEQ ID NO: 125 (20) SEQ ID NO: 129, SEQ ID NO: 133

Note here that (1), (6), (11) and (16) correspond to 052-033 antibody; (2), (7), (12), and (17) correspond to 053-042 antibody; (3), (8), (13), and (18) correspond to 053-051 antibody; (4), (9), (14), and (19) correspond to 053-059 antibody; as well as (5), (10), (15), and (20) correspond to 053-085 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to ICAM1.

The sixth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to ALCAM. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (5). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (6) to (10). Furthermore, preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (11) to (15) and (21) to (28). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (16) to (20) and (29) to (36).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 140, SEQ ID NO: 144 (2) SEQ ID NO: 148, SEQ ID NO: 152 (3) SEQ ID NO: 156, SEQ ID NO: 160 (4) SEQ ID NO: 164, SEQ ID NO: 168 (5) SEQ ID NO: 172, SEQ ID NO: 176 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (6) SEQ ID NO: 139, SEQ ID NO: 140, SEQ ID NO: 143, SEQ ID NO: 144 (7) SEQ ID NO: 147, SEQ ID NO: 148, SEQ ID NO: 151, SEQ ID NO: 152 (8) SEQ ID NO: 155, SEQ ID NO: 156, SEQ ID NO: 159, SEQ ID NO: 160 (9) SEQ ID NO: 163, SEQ ID NO: 164, SEQ ID NO: 167, SEQ ID NO: 168 (10) SEQ ID NO: 171, SEQ ID NO: 172, SEQ ID NO: 175, SEQ ID NO: 176 (Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (11) SEQ ID NO: 138, SEQ ID NO: 139, SEQ ID NO: 140, SEQ ID NO: 142, SEQ ID NO: 143, SEQ ID NO: 144 (12) SEQ ID NO: 146, SEQ ID NO: 147, SEQ ID NO: 148, SEQ ID NO: 150, SEQ ID NO: 151, SEQ ID NO: 152 (13) SEQ ID NO: 154, SEQ ID NO: 155, SEQ ID NO: 156, SEQ ID NO: 158, SEQ ID NO: 159, SEQ ID NO: 160 (14) SEQ ID NO: 162, SEQ ID NO: 163, SEQ ID NO: 164, SEQ ID NO: 166, SEQ ID NO: 167, SEQ ID NO: 168 (15) SEQ ID NO: 170, SEQ ID NO: 171, SEQ ID NO: 172, SEQ ID NO: 174, SEQ ID NO: 175, SEQ ID NO: 176 (21) SEQ ID NO: 780 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 781 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO 782 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 784 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 785 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 786 (VL CDR3) (22) SEQ ID NO: 788 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 789 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 790 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 792 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 793 (yL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 794 (VL CDR3) (23) SEQ ID NO: 796 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 797 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 798 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 800 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 801 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 802 (VL CDR3) (24) SEQ ID NO: 804 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 805 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 806 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 808 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 809 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 810 (VL CDR3) (25) SEQ ID NO: 812 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 813 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 814 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 816 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 817 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 818 (VL CDR3) (26) SEQ ID NO: 820 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 821 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 822 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 824 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 825 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 826 (VL CDR3) (27) SEQ ID NO: 828 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 829 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 830 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 832 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 833 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 834 (VL CDR3) (28) SEQ ID NO: 836 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 837 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 838 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 840 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 841 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 842 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (16) SEQ ID NO: 137, SEQ ID NO: 141 (17) SEQ ID NO: 145, SEQ ID NO: 149 (18) SEQ ID NO: 153, SEQ ID NO: 157 (19) SEQ ID NO: 161, SEQ ID NO: 165 (20) SEQ ID NO: 169, SEQ ID NO: 173 (29) SEQ ID NO: 779 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 783 (VL) (30) SEQ ID NO: 787 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 791 (VL) (31) SEQ ID NO: 795 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 799 (VL) (32) SEQ ID NO: 803 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 807 (VL) (33) SEQ ID NO: 811 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 815 (VL) (34) SEQ ID NO: 819 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 823 (VL) (35) SEQ ID NO: 827 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 831 (VL) (36) SEQ ID NO: 835 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 839 (VL)

Note here that (1), (6), (11), and (16) correspond to 035-234 antibody; (2), (7), (12), and (17) correspond to 040-107 antibody; (3), (8), (13), and (18) correspond to 041-118 antibody; (4), (9), (14), and (19) correspond to 066-174 antibody; (5), (10), (15), and (20) correspond to 083-040 antibody; (21) and (29) correspond to 029-143 antibody; (22) and (30) correspond to 045-134 antibody; (23) and (31) correspond to 062-101 antibody; (24) and (32) correspond to 062-109 antibody; (25) and (33) correspond to 084-103 antibody; (26) and (34) correspond to 052-274 antibody; (27) and (35) correspond to 029-067 antibody; as well as (28) and (36) correspond to 083-131 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to ALCAM.

The seventh embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to a CD147 antigen. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region CDR3 and the light chain variable region CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR2 and CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the following (2). Furthermore, preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (3). The most preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) shown in the following (4).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 180, SEQ ID NO: 184 (Combination of CDR2 and CDR3) (2) SEQ ID NO: 179, SEQ ID NO: 180, SEQ ID NO: 183, SEQ ID NO: 184 (Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (3) SEQ ID NO: 178, SEQ ID NO: 179, SEQ ID NO: 180, SEQ ID NO: 182, SEQ ID NO: 183, SEQ ID NO: 184

(Combination of heavy chain variable region and light chain variable region)

(4) SEQ ID NO: 177, SEQ ID NO: 181

Note here that (1) to (4) correspond to 059-053 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to a CD147 antigen.

The eighth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to C1qR. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2 and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) shown in the following (2).

(Combination of CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: (VH CDR1) 452, SEQ ID NO: 453 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 454 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: (VL CDR1) 456, SEQ ID NO: 457 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 458 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (2) SEQ ID NO: 451 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 455 (VL)

Note here that (1) and (2) correspond to 070-016 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to C1qR.

The ninth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to CD44. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2 and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) shown in the following (2).

(Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 460 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 461 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 462 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 464 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 465 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 466 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (2) SEQ ID NO: 459 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 463 (VL)

Note here that (1) and (2) correspond to 064-003 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to CD44.

The tenth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to CD73. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2 and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) shown in the following (2).

(Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 468 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 469 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 470 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 472 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 473 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 474 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (2) SEQ ID NO: 467 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 471 (VL)

Note here that (1) and (2) correspond to 067-213 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to CD73.

The eleventh embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to EpCAM. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2 and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) shown in the following (1). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) shown in the following (2).

(Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 476 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 477 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 478 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 480 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 481 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 482 (VL CDR3) (Combination of Heavy Chain Variable Region and Light Chain Variable Region) (2) SEQ ID NO: 475 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 479 (VL)

Note here that (1) and (2) correspond to 067-153 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to EpCAM.

The twelfth embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to HGFR. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 and the light chain variable regions CDR1 to CDR3 specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2 and SEQ ID NO showing the amino acid sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (3). Preferably, it includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (4) to (6).

(Combination of CDR1 to CDR3) (1) SEQ ID NO: 652 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 653 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 654 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 656 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 657 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 658 (VL CDR3) (2) SEQ ID NO: 660 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 661 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 662 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 664 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 665 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 666 (VL CDR3) (3) SEQ ID NO: 668 (VH CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 669 (VH CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 670 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 672 (VL CDR1), SEQ ID NO: 673 (VL CDR2), SEQ ID NO: 674 (VL CDR3)

(Combination of heavy chain variable region and light chain variable region)

(4) SEQ ID NO: 651 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 655 (VL) (5) SEQ ID NO: 659 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 663 (VL) (6) SEQ ID NO: 667 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 671 (VL)

Note here that (1) and (4) correspond to 067-126 antibody; (2) and (5) correspond to 067-133 antibody; and (3) and (6) correspond to 067-287 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to HGFR.

The 13rd embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to LAR. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) selected from the group consisting of the following (1) to (5).

(Combination of heavy chain variable region and light chain variable region)

(1) SEQ ID NO: 944 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 945 (VL) (2) SEQ ID NO: 946 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 947 (VL) (3) SEQ ID NO: 948 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 949 (VL) (4) SEQ ID NO: 950 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 951 (VL) (5) SEQ ID NO: 952 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 953 (VL)

Note here that (1) corresponds to 064-044 antibody; (2) corresponds to 065-030 antibody; (3) corresponds to 065-358 antibody; (4) corresponds to 066-019 antibody; and (5) corresponds to 079-085 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to LAR.

The 14th embodiment of this aspect provides an isolated antibody having a specific binding property to BCAM. The antibody of this form includes the heavy chain variable region and the light chain variable region specified by the combination of SEQ ID NOs (SEQ ID NO showing the heavy chain variable region and SEQ ID NO showing the light chain variable region) shown in the following (1).

(Combination of heavy chain variable region and light chain variable region)

(1) SEQ ID NO: 954 (VH), SEQ ID NO: 955 (VL)

Note here that (1) corresponds to 067-024 antibody. Therefore, the antibody of the present invention is expected to have high specificity to BCAM.

In the variable region of the antibody of the present invention, the sequence of the framework region (FR region) is not particularly limited as long as it does not substantially affect the specific binding property with respect to corresponding antigen. For example, when the antibody of the present invention is constructed as a humanized antibody, the FR region of a known human antibody can be used. Furthermore, when the antibody of the present invention is constructed as an antibody used as a reagent for detection or used for application to non-human animal species, in some cases, an effect can be expected even if the human antibody FR region is not used, or the use of the human antibody FR region may not appropriate. In such cases, the FR region from non-human animal species (for example, mouse or rat) can be used.

In one embodiment of the antibody of the present invention, a constant region (for example, in the case of an IgG type antibody) is included in addition to the variable region. The sequence of the constant region in this embodiment is not particularly limited. For example, as mentioned below, when the antibody of the present invention is constructed as a humanized antibody, the constant region of a known human antibody can be used. Furthermore, similar to the above-mentioned FR region, a constant region from non-human animal species (for example, mouse or rat) can be used.

One embodiment of the antibody of the present invention relates to a humanized antibody. The “humanized antibody” herein denotes an antibody that is allowed to resemble the structure of the human antibody. It includes a humanized chimeric antibody in which only a constant region is replaced by that of human antibody, and a humanized CDR-grafted antibody in which a part other than the CDR (complementarity determining region) existing in the constant region and the variable region is replaced by that of human antibody (P. T. Johons et al., Nature 321, 522 (1986)). In order to improve the antigen binding activity of the humanized CDR-grafted antibody, improved techniques of a method of selecting a human antibody FR that is highly homologous to a mouse antibody, a method of producing a humanized antibody having high homology, and a method of transplanting a human antibody to a mouse CDR and then replacing amino acid in the FR region have been already developed (see, for example, U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,585,089, 5,693,761, 5,693,762, and 6180370, European Patent Nos. 451216 and 682040, and U.S. Pat. No. 2,828,340) and such techniques can be used for producing the humanized antibody of the present invention.

The humanized chimeric antibody can be produced by, for example, replacing the constant region of an antibody having the above-mentioned structure of H chain variable region and/or structure of L chain variable region by the constant region of a human antibody. As the constant region of the human antibody, known region can be employed. Hereinafter, one example of the method of producing the humanized chimeric antibody is described.

Firstly, mRNA is extracted from the hybridoma producing a mouse antibody to certain antigens (for example, antigens expressing certain cancers, which have been determined this time, HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, or the like), and cDNA is synthesized according to the usual procedure. The synthesized cDNA is inserted into a vector so as to construct a cDNA library. From this cDNA library, an H chain gene fragment and an L chain gene fragment are used as a probe, a vector containing an H chain gene and an L chain gene is selected. By sequencing the insertion sequence of the selected vector, the sequences of the gene in the H chain variable region and the L chain variable region can be determined. Based on the thus obtained sequence data, DNA encoding H chain variable region is produced by a chemical synthesis, biochemical cleavage/recombination and the like. DNA encoding the obtained H chain variable region is ligated with DNA encoding a human H chain constant region so as to incorporate it into an expression vector. Thereby, H chain expression vector is produced. As the expression vector, for example, an SV40 virus based vector, an EB virus based vector, and a BPV (papilloma virus) based vector can be used but not limited to these vectors alone. On the other hand, by the similar method, an L chain expression vector is produced. With such H chain expression vector and L chain expression vector, host cells are co-transformed. As the host cell, CHO cell (Chinese hamster ovary cell) (A. Wright & S. L. Morrison, J. Immunol. 160, 3393-3402 (1998)), SP2/0 cell (myeloma) (K. Motmans et al., Eur. J. Cancer Prev. 5, 512-519 (1996), R. P. Junghans et al., Cancer Res. 50, 1495-1502 (1990)), and the like can be suitably used. Furthermore, for transformation, a Lipofectin method (R. W. Malone et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86, 6077 (1989), P. L. Felgner et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84, 7413 (1987), an electroporation method, a calcium phosphate method (F. L. Graham & A. J. van der Eb, Virology 52, 456-467 (1973)), a DEAE-Dextran method, and the like, are suitably used.

After the transformant is cultured, a humanized chimeric antibody is separated from the cells of transformant or the culture solution. For separation and purification, methods such as centrifugation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, salting out, ultrafiltration, affinity chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration chromatography can be appropriately combined and used.

On the other hand, the humanized CDR-grafted antibody can be produced by, for example, the following method. Firstly, by the method described in the production method of chimeric antibody, the amino acid sequences of the H chain variable region and L chain variable region of the antibody to the certain antigen and the base sequences encoding the amino acid sequences are determined. In addition, the amino acid sequence and the base sequence of each CDR region are determined.

As the base sequence of the specific CDRs, any of the following combinations are used. Note here that they are shown by SEQ ID NO showing the base sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the base sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR2, SEQ ID NO showing the base sequence of the heavy chain variable region CDR3, SEQ ID NO showing the base sequence of the light chain variable region CDR1, SEQ ID NO showing the base sequence of the light chain variable region CDR2, and SEQ ID NO showing the base sequence of the light chain variable region CDR3, in this order.

(1) SEQ ID NO 186, SEQ ID NO 187, SEQ ID NO 188, SEQ ID NO 190, SEQ ID NO 191, SEQ ID NO 192 (2) SEQ ID NO 194, SEQ ID NO 195, SEQ ID NO 196, SEQ ID NO 198, SEQ ID NO 199, SEQ ID NO 200 (3) SEQ ID NO: 202, SEQ ID NO: 203, SEQ ID NO: 204, SEQ ID NO: 206, SEQ ID NO: 207, SEQ ID NO: 208 (4) SEQ ID NO: 210, SEQ ID NO: 211, SEQ ID NO: 212, SEQ ID NO: 214, SEQ ID NO: 215, SEQ ID NO: 126 (5) SEQ ID NO: 218, SEQ ID NO: 219, SEQ ID NO: 220, SEQ ID NO: 222, SEQ ID NO: 223, SEQ ID NO: 224 (6) SEQ ID NO: 226, SEQ ID NO: 227, SEQ ID NO: 228, SEQ ID NO: 230, SEQ ID NO: 231, SEQ ID NO: 232 (7) SEQ ID NO: 234, SEQ ID NO: 235, SEQ ID NO: 236, SEQ ID NO: 238, SEQ ID NO: 239, SEQ ID NO: 240 (8) SEQ ID NO: 242, SEQ ID NO: 243, SEQ ID NO: 244, SEQ ID NO: 246, SEQ ID NO: 247, SEQ ID NO: 248 (9) SEQ ID NO: 250, SEQ ID NO: 251, SEQ ID NO: 252, SEQ ID NO: 254, SEQ ID NO: 255, SEQ ID NO: 256 (10) SEQ ID NO: 258, SEQ ID NO: 259, SEQ ID NO: 260, SEQ ID NO: 262, SEQ ID NO: 263, SEQ ID NO: 264 (11) SEQ ID NO: 266, SEQ ID NO: 267, SEQ ID NO: 268, SEQ ID NO: 270, SEQ ID NO: 271, SEQ ID NO: 272 (12) SEQ ID NO: 274, SEQ ID NO: 275, SEQ ID NO: 276, SEQ ID NO: 278, SEQ ID NO: 279, SEQ ID NO: 280 (13) SEQ ID NO: 282, SEQ ID NO: 283, SEQ ID NO: 284, SEQ ID NO: 286, SEQ ID NO: 287, SEQ ID NO: 288 (14) SEQ ID NO: 290, SEQ ID NO: 291, SEQ ID NO: 292, SEQ ID NO: 294, SEQ ID NO: 295, SEQ ID NO: 296 (15) SEQ ID NO: 298, SEQ ID NO: 299, SEQ ID NO: 300, SEQ ID NO: 302, SEQ ID NO: 303, SEQ ID NO: 304 (16) SEQ ID NO: 306, SEQ ID NO: 307, SEQ ID NO: 308, SEQ ID NO: 310, SEQ ID NO: 311, SEQ ID NO: 312 (17) SEQ ID NO: 314, SEQ ID NO: 315, SEQ ID NO: 316, SEQ ID NO: 318, SEQ ID NO: 319, SEQ ID NO: 320 (18) SEQ ID NO: 322, SEQ ID NO: 323, SEQ ID NO: 324, SEQ ID NO: 326, SEQ ID NO: 327, SEQ ID NO: 328 (19) SEQ ID NO: 330, SEQ ID NO: 331, SEQ ID NO: 332, SEQ ID NO: 334, SEQ ID NO: 335, SEQ ID NO: 336 (20) SEQ ID NO: 338, SEQ ID NO: 339, SEQ ID NO: 340, SEQ ID NO: 342, SEQ ID NO: 343, SEQ ID NO: 344 (21) SEQ ID NO: 346, SEQ ID NO: 347, SEQ ID NO: 348, SEQ ID NO: 350, SEQ ID NO: 351, SEQ ID NO: 352 (22) SEQ ID NO: 354, SEQ ID NO: 355, SEQ ID NO: 356, SEQ ID NO: 358, SEQ ID NO: 359, SEQ ID NO: 360 (23) SEQ ID NO: 362, SEQ ID NO: 363, SEQ ID NO: 364, SEQ ID NO: 366, SEQ ID NO: 367, SEQ ID NO: 368

Note here that these combinations correspond to the combination in CDR1 to CDR3 in 048-006 antibody, 057-091 antibody, and 059-152 antibody (which are antibodies to HER1), 015-126 antibody (which is antibody to HER2), 035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, and 3172-120 antibody (which are antibodies to CD46), 015-003 antibody (which is antibody to ITGA3), 052-033 antibody, 053-042 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody, and 053-085 antibody (which are antibodies to ICAM1), 035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, 041-118 antibody, 066-174 antibody, and 083-040 antibody (which are antibodies to ALCAM), 059-053 antibody (which is antibody to CD147).

Next, FRs (framework regions) sandwiching the CDR region are selected. For selecting the FR, approximately three methods can be employed. The first method is a method using a human antibody frame whose three dimensional structure has been already identified, for example, NEWM, REI, and the like (Riechmann L. et al., Nature 332, 323-3Z7 (1988); Tempst, P R. et al., Protein Engineering 7, 1501-1507 (1994); Ellis J H. et al., J. Immunol. 155, 925-937 (1995)). The second method includes selecting a variable region of a human antibody having the highest homology to a variable region of the intended mouse antibody from database, and using the FR thereof (Queen C. et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86, 10029-10033 (1989); Rozak M J. et al., J Biol Chem 271, 22611-22618 (1996); Shearman C W. et al., J. Immunol. 147, 4366-4373 (1991)). The third method is a method of selecting amino acid most commonly used in the FR of the human antibody (Sato K. et al., Mol Immunol 31, 371-381 (1994); Kobinger F. et al., Protein Engineering 6, 971-980 (1993); Kettleborough C A. et al., Protein Engineering 4, 773-783 (1991)). The present invention can use any of these methods.

Even if the amino acid sequence is an amino acid sequence obtained by modifying the amino acid sequence of the selected human FR, it can be used as an amino acid sequence of the FR as long as a finally obtained humanized CDR-grafted antibody has a specific binding property to the corresponding antigens (HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, CD147, and the like). In particular, a part of the amino acid of the selected human FR is changed to the amino acid of the FR of the antibody of the origin of CDR, the property of the antibody may be maintained. The number of the amino acid to be modified is preferably 30% or less relative to the entire FR, further preferably 20% or less relative to the entire FR, and yet further preferably 10% or less relative to the entire FR.

Next, by combining the FR selected by any of these methods and the above-mentioned CDR, DAN encoding the H chain variable region and L chain variable region is designed. Based on this design, DNA encoding H chain variable region and DNA encoding L chain variable region are produced by the chemical synthesis, biochemical cleavage/recombination, and the like, respectively. Then, DAN encoding the H chain variable region together with the DNA encoding H chain constant region of a human immunoglobulin is incorporated into an expression vector so as to construct an H chain expression vector. Similarly, DAN encoding the L chain variable region together with the DNA encoding L chain constant region of a human immunoglobulin is incorporated into an expression vector so as to construct an L chain expression vector. As the expression vector, for example, an SV40 virus based vector, an EB virus based vector, a BPV (papilloma virus) based vector, and the like can be used but not necessarily limited to these vectors.

With the H chain expression vector and L chain expression vector that are produced by the above-mentioned method, host cells are co-transformed. As the host cell, CHO cell (Chinese hamster ovary cell) (A. Wright & S. L. Morrison, J. Immunol. 160, 3393-3402 (1998)), SP2/0 cell (myeloma) (K. Motmans et al., Eur. J. Cancer Prev. 5, 512-519 (1996), R. P. Junghans et al., Cancer Res. 50, 1495-1502 (1990)), and the like can be suitably used. Furthermore, for transformation, a Lipofectin method (R. W. Malone et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86, 6077 (1989), P. L. Feigner et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84, 7413 (1987), an electroporation method, a calcium phosphate method (F. L. Graham & A. J. van der Eb, Virology 52, 456-467 (1973)), a DEAE-Dextran method, and the like, are suitably used.

After the transformant is cultured, a humanized CDR-grafted antibody is separated from the cells of transformant or the culture solution. For separation and purification, methods such as centrifugation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, salting out, ultrafiltration, affinity chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration chromatography can be appropriately combined and used.

Based on the antibody of the present invention or based on the sequence information on the genes encoding the antibody of the present invention, an antibody fragment can be produced. The antibody fragment can include Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2, scFv, and dsFv antibodies.

Fab is a fragment that is obtained by digesting IgG with papain in the presence of cysteine; includes L chain and H chain variable regions as well as an H chain fragment consisting of a CH1 domain and a part of hinge portion; and has a molecular weight of about 50000. In the present invention, it can be obtained by digesting the antibody with papain. Furthermore, DNA encoding a part of the H chain of the above-mentioned antibody and L chain is incorporated into an appropriate vector, and the vector is used for transforming so as to obtain a transformant. From this transformant, Fab can be prepared.

Fab′ is a fragment having a molecular weight of about 50000, which can be obtained by cleaving the disulfide bond between H chains of F(ab′)2 mentioned below. In the present invention, it can be obtained by digesting the above-mentioned antibody with pepsin and cleaving the disulfide bond by the use of a reducing agent. Furthermore, similar to Fab, it can also be prepared by gene engineering with the use of DNA encoding Fab′.

F(ab′)2 is a fragment that is obtained by digesting IgG with pepsin; a fragment (Fab′) is linked by disulfide bond including L chain and H chain variable regions as well as an H chain fragment consisting of a CH1 domain and a part of hinge portion; and has a molecular weight of about 100000. In the present invention, it can be obtained by digesting the antibody with pepsin. Furthermore, similar to Fab, it can also be prepared by gene engineering with the use of DNA encoding F(ab′)2.

scFv is an antibody fragment obtained by linking Fv including an H chain variable region and an L chain variable region to C terminal of one of the chains and N terminal of the other of the chains by using an appropriate peptide linker so as to produce a single chain antibody fragment. As the peptide linker, for example, highly flexible (GGGGS)3 can be used. For example, DNA encoding an scFv antibody is constructed by using DNA encoding H chain variable region and L chain variable region of the above-mentioned antibody and DNA encoding the peptide linker is constructed. This is incorporated into an appropriate vector and this vector is used to obtain a transformant. From this transformant, scFv can be prepared.

dsFv is an Fv fragment obtained by introducing a Cys residue into an appropriate positions of the H chain variable region and L chain variable region and stabilizing the H chain variable region and chain variable region by disulfide bond. The position in which the Cys residue is introduced in each chain can be determined based on the three dimensional structure anticipated by molecule modeling. In the present invention, for example, the three dimensional structure is anticipated from the amino acid sequence of the H chain variable region and the L chain variable region of the above-mentioned antibody. DNA encoding the H chain variable region and L chain variable region into which difference based on such anticipation is constructed and the constructed DNA is incorporated into the appropriate vector. The vector is used to obtain a transformant. From this transformant, dsFv can be prepared.

Note here that an antibody fragment can be multimerized by linking an scFv antibody and a dcFv antibody and the like with the use of an appropriate linker, or by allowing streptavidin to be fused.

By fusing or linking a low molecule compound, protein, a label material, and the like to the antibody of the present invention (including an antibody fragment), a fused antibody or labeled antibody can be formed. An example of the label material may include radioactive material such as 125I, peroxidase, β-D-galactosidase, micro peroxidase, horseradish peroxidase (HRP), fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), rhodamine isothiocyanate (RITC), alkaline phosphatase, biotin, and the like.

The antibody of the present invention (including an antibody fragment) specifically binds to a cancer cell that specifically expresses the antigen by the specific binding property to the corresponding antigen. The use of this property makes it possible to label and detect a cancer cell (or cancer tissue). By gene recombination technology, VH and VL having such a specific binding capacity can be fused to a constant region (Fc region) of IgG so as to transform into an IgG type antibody. The thus obtained IgG type antibody is expected to exhibit a cytotoxic effect via Fc receptor on NK cells. The IgG constant region has subclass. As to the binding of Fc receptor of each IgG subclass of human, IgG1 and IgG3 have the strongest binding, IgG4 has moderate binding and IgG2 has weak binding. In transforming into IgG type antibodies, it is preferable to select a constant region in consideration of this point. Note here that the present inventors have proposed an assay of cytotoxic effect via the secondary antibody instead of IgG type antibody in the previous applications (Japanese Patent Unexamined Publication No. 2005-185281 and PCT/JP2006/303195).

Actually, as shown in the below-mentioned Examples, since 015-003 antibody as anti-ITGA3 antibody, 048-006 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody, and 015-126 antibody as anti-HER2 antibody are recognized to have an ADCC activity, they themselves can be used for damaging (killing) cancer cells. Herein, when the antibody of the present invention that has transformed into human or human IgG antibody is used, it is less attacked and excluded by the immune system, thus enabling the expected effect to be well exhibited and serious side effects to be avoided.

Furthermore, the antibody of the present invention can be used as a medium (carrier) for delivering a drug, and the like, to a specific cancer. That is to say, an anticipated application of use of the antibody of the present invention includes DDS (Drug delivery system) targeting a specific cancer cell.

Note here that each application of the antibody of the present invention is described in detail below.

(Diagnosis Application)

Another aspect of the present invention relates to a use as a diagnosis marker of based on the findings of the expression (distribution) of CD46 antigen, ITGA3, ALCAM and CD147 antigen. Specifically, one embodiment of this aspect provides a testing method of gallbladder and liver cancer or pancreas cancer based on the findings that a CD46 antigen is expressed in the gallbladder and liver cancer and the pancreas cancer. The method includes the following steps.

Step (1): preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body.

Step (2): detecting a CD46 antigen in the subject cells or tissues.

Information obtained by the testing method of the present invention is useful for diagnosis of gallbladder and liver cancer or pancreas cancer. For example, information obtained by subjecting the above-mentioned method to patients with gallbladder and liver cancer can be used for evaluating or grasping the pathologic condition of patients and for evaluating the therapeutic effect. For example, when the present invention is carried out concurrently with the treatment of gallbladder and liver cancer, based on the resultant information, the therapeutic effect can be evaluated. Specifically, when the method of the present invention is carried out after administering drugs, the change in the expression amount of CD46 antigen in the liver cells is examined and the therapeutic effect can be determined from the increase and decrease of the expression amount. Thus, the method of the present invention may be used for monitoring the therapeutic effect.

On the other hand, information obtained when the subjects are persons other than the patient, that is, persons that have not recognized to have gallbladder and liver cancer can be used for determination of the presence or absence of contraction of gallbladder and liver cancer, evaluation of contraction risk, and the like. Since the method of the present invention permits diagnosis of liver cancer based on the amount of expression amount of genes, i.e., an objective indicator, its value is extremely high.

Hereinafter, the steps constituting the present invention are respectively described in detail.

1. Step (1)

In the step (1), cells or tissues separated from a subject (a subject person, a living body) are prepared. The subjects herein may include not only patients (gallbladder and liver cancer patients or pancreas cancer patients) but also healthy persons (including persons having a risk of contracting gallbladder and liver cancer or pancreas cancer). For example, a part of tissues collected from a subject by biopsy can be used as subject cells or tissues in the method of the present invention.

The “subject cells or tissues” in the present invention are cells or tissues that are samples (subjects) in the detection in the method of the present invention. The subject cells or tissues are separated from a living body. That is to say, the present invention is applied to the subject cells or tissues in the state in which it is separated from the living body. The term “separated from a living body” means a state in which a part of the living tissue in which subject cells or tissues exist is extracted, thereby the subject cells or tissues are completed separated from the origin living body. In the step (2), when an immunological detection method is employed, the subject cells are generally prepared in a state in which they are present in a living body, that is, in a state in which they are linked to the surrounding cells (as tissue), and used for the method of the present invention. Note here that the subject cells may be used for the method of the present invention after they are separated (isolated) from the surrounding cells.

2. Step (2)

In the step (2), a CD46 antigen is detected in the prepared subject cells or tissues as subjects. The term “CD46 antigen is detected” means examining whether or not the CD46 antigen is expressed (presence or absence of expression), or figuring out the expression amount of the CD46 antigen as an absolute value or a relative value. The reference of the relative amount herein can be, for example, an amount of CD46 antigen of the reference samples prepared according to the grade of malignancy. In general, the presence of expression of CD46 antigen and the amount if expressed are examined. In detecting the CD46 antigen, it is not essential to determine the amount of CD46 antigens strictly.

In one embodiment of the present invention, a detection method targeting mRNA that is a transcriptional product of the CD46 antigen is carried out. For the detection (measurement) of mRNA, routine procedures such as an RT-PCR method and various hybridization methods using specific probes (for example, northern hybridization, in situ hybridization) can be employed. In another embodiment of the present invention, a detection method targeting the expression product of the CD46 antigen (protein) is carried out.

It is preferable that CD46 antigen is detected by immunologic procedures (for example, immunohistochemical staining technique). In the immunologic procedure, anti-CD46 antigen antibody is used, CD46 antigen protein is detected by using the bonding property (binding amount) of the antibodies as an indicator. The immunological detection method permits rapid and sensitive detection. Also, the operation is simple. An example of the detection methods may include ELISA method, radioimmunoassay, FCM, an immunoprecipitation method, immunoblotting, and the like.

The immunohistochemical staining technique permits rapid and sensitive detection of CD46 antigens. Also, the operation is simple. Therefore, burdens to a subject person (patient) accompanying the detection of CD46 antigen is reduced. In the immunohistochemical staining technique, in general, firstly, a step of bringing the subject cells into contact with the anti-CD46 antibody is carried out. Then, the binding amount of the anti-CD46 antibody is examined. Specifically, according to the above-mentioned immunohistochemical staining technique, the method of the present invention can be carried out.

The kind or origin of the anti-CD46 antibody to be used in immunostaining procedure is not particularly limited as long as it has a specific binding property to the CD46 antigen. The anti-CD46 antibody may be any of a polyclonal antibody, an oligoclonal antibody (a mixture of several kinds to several tens of antibodies) and a monoclonal antibody. As the polyclonal antibody or the oligoclonal antibody, affinity purification antibody by antigen can be used besides an IgG fraction derived from anti-serum obtained by immunizing an animal so as to obtain. The anti-CD46 antibody may be antibody fragments such as Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2, scFv, and dsFv antibodies.

The anti-CD46 antibody can be prepared by using an immunologic procedure, phage display technique, ribosome display method, and the like.

The preparation of a polyclonal antibody by the immunologic procedure can be prepared by the following procedures. An antigen (CD46 or a part thereof) is prepared. An animal such as a rabbit is immunized with this antigen. As this antigen, not only human CD46 but also non-human CD46 such as mouse CD46 can be used. Such CD46 can be obtained by purifying a living body sample. Furthermore, recombinant CD46 may be used. The recombinant human CD46 can be prepared by, for example, introducing a gene encoding CD46 (which may include a part of gene) in an appropriate host by using a vector and expressing the gene within the obtained recombinant cells.

In order to strengthen the immunity inducing effect, an antigen to which a carrier protein is attached may be used. As the carrier protein, KLH (Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin), BSA (Bovine Serum Albumin), OVA (Ovalbumin), and the like are used. For binding of the carrier protein, a carbodiimide method, a glutaraldehyde method, a diazo condensation method, an MBS (maleimidobenzoyl oxy succinimide) method, and the like, can be used. On the other hand, an antigen expressing CD46 (or a part thereof) as fusion protein with GST, β galactosidase, maltose bonded protein, or histidine (His) tag, and the like, can be used. Such a fusion protein can be purified by a general method in a simple manner.

If necessary, immunization is repeated. When the antibody titer is sufficiently increased, blood is collected and subjected to centrifugation so as to obtain serum. The obtained anti-serum is subjected to affinity purification. Thus, a polyclonal antibody is obtained.

On the other hand, a monoclonal antibody can be prepared by the following procedures. Firstly, an immunization operation is carried out by the similar method to the above-mentioned procedures. If necessary, immunization is repeated. When the antibody titer is sufficiently increased, antibody-producing cells are extracted from an immunized animal. Next, the obtained antibody-producing cells and myeloma cells are fused to each other so as to obtain a hybridoma. Subsequently, this hybridoma is made to be monoclonal. Then, a clone producing antibody showing high specificity to the target protein is selected. A culture solution of the selected clone is purified, thereby the target antibody can be obtained. On the other hand, hybridoma is proliferated into a predetermined number of more, then, transplanted in the abdominal cavity of an animal (for example, mouse), proliferated in the abdominal dropsy. By purifying the abdominal dropsy, the target antibody can be obtained. For purification of the above-mentioned culture solution or purification of the abdominal dropsy, affinity chromatography using protein G, protein A, and the like, is preferably used. Furthermore, affinity chromatography in which an antigen is made into a solid phase can be used. Furthermore, methods such as ion-exchange chromatography, gel filtration chromatography, ammonium sulfate fractionation, and centrifugation can be used. These methods are used singly or in arbitrary combination thereof.

On the conditions that the specific binding property to CD46 antigen is maintained, the obtained antibody may be subjected to various modifications. In the present invention, such a modified antibody may be used.

When a labeled antibody is used as an anti-CD46 antibody, the amount of bound antibody can be directly detected by using the labeled amount as an indicator. Therefore, the method is more simplified. On the contrary, it is necessary to prepare an anti-CD46 antibody to which a label material is bound and furthermore, and furthermore, the detection sensitivity is generally reduced. Therefore, it is preferable that indirect methods such as a method using a secondary antibody to which a label material is linked, a method using a polymer to which a secondary antibody and a label material are linked are used. The secondary antibody herein is an antibody having a specific binding property to the anti-CD46 antibody. For example, when an anti-CD46 antibody is prepared as a rabbit antibody, an anti-rabbit IgG antibody can be used. Label secondary antibodies that can be used for various species such as rabbit, goat, and mouse are commercially available (for example, Funakoshi Corporation, COSMO BIO Co., Ltd., etc.). Proper antibodies can be appropriately selected depending upon the anti-CD46 antibody used in the present invention.

For the label material, the label material arbitrarily selected from the group consisting of peroxidase, β-D-galactosidase, micro peroxidase, horseradish peroxidase (HRP), fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), rhodamine isothiocyanate (RITC), alkaline phosphatase, biotin, and radioactive material is preferably used. In particular, a method of using biotin as the label material and reacting avidin peroxidase permits highly sensitive detection.

The above-mentioned antibody of the present invention may be used as the anti-CD46 antibody. Specifically, for example, antibodies (035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, or 3172-120 antibody), which the present inventors have succeeded in obtaining, can be used.

Another embodiment of this aspect provides a testing method of gallbladder and liver cancer or pancreas cancer based on the findings that ITGA3 is expressed in gallbladder and liver cancer and pancreas cancer. The method includes the following steps.

Step (1): preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body

Step (2): detecting ITGA3 in the subject cells or tissues

Information obtained by the testing method of the present invention is useful for diagnosis of gallbladder and liver cancer or diagnosis of pancreas cancer. Since the using method and details of each step are the same as in the case of the CD46 antigen, the description thereof is not mentioned here.

A further embodiment of this aspect provides an obtaining method of information for diagnosis of kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma or gallbladder and liver cancer based on the findings that ALCAM is expressed in kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma and gallbladder and liver cancer. The method includes the following steps.

Step (1): preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body

Step (2): detecting ALCAM in the subject cells or tissues

Information obtained by the testing method of the present invention is useful for diagnosis of kidney cancer, diagnosis of hepatic cell carcinoma, or diagnosis of gallbladder and liver cancer. Since the using method and details of each step are the same as in the case of the CD46 antigen, the description thereof is not mentioned here.

A yet further embodiment of this aspect provides a testing method of kidney cancer based on the findings that CD147 antigen is expressed in kidney cancer. The method includes the following steps.

Step (1): preparing subject cells or tissues separated from a living body

Step (2): detecting a CD147 antigen in the subject cells or tissues

Information obtained by the testing method of the present invention is useful for diagnosis of kidney cancer. Since the using method and details of each step are the same as in the case of the CD46 antigen, the description thereof is not mentioned here.

(Treatment Application)

As mentioned in the below-mentioned Examples, the present inventor have succeeded in obtaining antibodies exhibiting Antibody-Dependent Cell-mediated Cytotoxicity (hereinafter, abbreviated as “ADCC”) activity to certain antibodies. Furthermore, the present inventors have transformed these antibodies into IgG type and investigated the probability of application to an antibody therapeutic agent. Any antibodies show excellent anti-tumor effect. Based on these findings, the further aspect of the present invention relates to an application of the antibodies successfully obtained by the present inventors in treatment of cancer.

This aspect firstly provides a drug (cancer therapeutic agent) capable of affecting and damaging in a cancer cell-specific manner using by using ITGA3, HER1, HER2, ALCAM, EpCAM or HGFR as a target, and the treatment method using the same. One embodiment of the drug of the present invention contains anti-ITGA3 antibody as an active ingredient. One preferable embodiment of the drug of the present invention contains an anti-ITGA3 antibody having an ADCC activity as an active ingredient. The drugs of this embodiment can obtain the therapeutic effect by the cytotoxicity using the ADCC activity. As anti-ITGA3 antibody having the ADCC activity, 015-003 antibody (the specific binding property to ITGA3 and it may be partially modified as long as the ADCC activity is maintained) shown in the below-mentioned Examples or different types of antibodies constructed based on the 015-003 antibody (for example, IgG type antibody) can be used. This antibody has both the specific binding property to ITGA3 and the ADCC activity. Therefore, it specifically binds to the cancer cells expressing ITGA3 and then expresses the ADCC activity. Thus, it can damage a cancer cell. The target cancer cell of the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but can target, for example, gallbladder and liver cancer cells and pancreas cancer cells.

In another embodiment of the present invention, an anti-HER1 antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-HER1 antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of this embodiment, the therapeutic effect can be obtained by the cytotoxicity using the ADCC activity. In the drug of the further preferable embodiment, in addition to the cytotoxicity using the ADCC activity, since inhibition of binding of EGF as a ligand to HER1 and/or inhibition of phosphorylation signal by HER1 are provided, higher therapeutic effect can be obtained. As anti-HER1 antibody having such an ADCC activity, 048-006 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to HER1 and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. These antibodies have the specific binding property to HER1, inhibition of binding of EGF to HER1, inhibition of phosphorylation signal of HER1 and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing HER1 and inhibit HER1 activity by inhibition of binding of EGF to HER1 and/or inhibition of phosphorylation signal of HER1, thereafter, exhibit the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the antibody exhibits suppression effect to cancer cells and an anti-tumor effect in animal model, so that the antibody is greatly expected to be used in antibody medicine. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, cells of kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, gallbladder and liver cancer, lung squamous cell carcinoma, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and pancreas cancer.

In a further embodiment of the present invention, an anti-HER2 antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-HER2 antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of this embodiment, the therapeutic effect can be obtained by the cytotoxicity using the ADCC activity. As anti-HER2 antibody having such an ADCC activity, 015-126 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to HER2 and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. This antibody has the specific binding property to HER2 and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing HER2 then exhibits the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the antibody exhibits suppression effect to cancer cells, so that the antibody is greatly expected to be used in antibody medicine. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, cells of kidney cancer, liver cancer, and pulmonary adenocarcinoma.

In a further embodiment of the present invention, an anti-ALCAM antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-ALCAM antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. As anti-ALCAM antibody having such an ADCC activity, 041-118 antibody or 066-174 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to ALCAM and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. This antibody has the specific binding property to ALCAM and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing ALCAM then exhibits the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, cells of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, ovarian cancer, and large bowel cancer.

In a yet further embodiment of the present invention, an anti-EpCAM antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-EpCAM antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. As anti-EpCAM antibody having such an ADCC activity, 067-153 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to EpCAM and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. This antibody has the specific binding property to EpCAM and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing EpCAM then exhibits the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, cells of gastric solid-type adenocarcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, and pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell.

In a yet further embodiment of the present invention, an anti-CD147 antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-CD147 antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. As anti-CD147 antibody having such an ADCC activity, 059-053 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to CD147 and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. This antibody has the specific binding property to CD147 and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing CD147 then exhibits the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, kidney cancer cells.

In a yet further embodiment of the present invention, an anti-CD44 antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-CD44 antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. As anti-CD44 antibody having such an ADCC activity, 064-003 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to CD44 and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. This antibody has the specific binding property to CD44 and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing CD44 then exhibits the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells.

In a yet further embodiment of the present invention, an anti-HGFR antibody is contained as an active ingredient. In the drug of one preferable embodiment of the present invention, anti-HGFR antibody having an ADCC activity is contained as an active ingredient. As anti-HGFR antibody having such an ADCC activity, 067-133 antibody shown in the below-mentioned Example (which may be partially modified as long as the specific binding property to HGFR and the ADCC activity are maintained) or different types of antibodies constructed based on them (for example, IgG type) can be used. This antibody has the specific binding property to HGFR and ADCC activity. Therefore, they can specifically bind to a cancer cell expressing HGFR then exhibits the ADCC activity so as to damage a cancer cell. The target cancer cell by the drug of this embodiment is not particularly limited, but it can target, for example, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells.

The present invention furthermore provides a method of reducing the grade of malignancy of a target cell or promoting the normalization by damaging or suppressing the expression of HER1, HER2, CD46, ITGA3, ICAM1, ALCAM, or CD147 in the target cell.

Herein, the present inventors have investigated and recognized specific expression of CD46 in gallbladder and liver cancer and pancreas cancer, which had not been particularly reported about the relationship with respect to CD46 (see the below-mentioned Example). Similarly, the relationship between gallbladder and liver cancer and pancreas cancer and the expression of ITGA3; the relationship between kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma and gallbladder and liver cancer and ALCAM; as well as the relationship between kidney cancer and CD147 have been clarified (see the below-mentioned Example). Based on the findings, a novel and effective target cell of CD46 is a gallbladder and liver cancer cell and a pancreas cancer cell; a novel and effective target cell of ITGA3 is a gallbladder and liver cancer cell and a pancreas cancer cell; and a novel and effective target cell of CD147 is a kidney cancer cell.

Note here that the inhibition or suppression of each antigen can be carried out by using an antisense method or RNA interference, or by using ribozyme.

In the case where expression inhibition by the antisense method is carried out, for example, when transcription is carried out in the target cell, an antisense-construct for generating RNA that is complementary to a portion specific to mRNA encoding this protein is used. Such an antisense-construct is introduced into the target cells, for example, in a form of an expression plasmid. On the other hand, when it is introduced in to the target cells as the antisense-construct, it is possible to employ an oligonucleotide-probe that is hybridized with mRNA or genome DNA sequence encoding this protein and inhibits the expression thereof. As such an oligonucleotide-probe, one having a low resistance to endogenous nuclease such as exonuclease and/or endonuclease is preferably used.

When DNA molecule is used as an antisense nucleic acid, it is preferable that oligodeoxyribonucleotide derived from a region (for example, a region from −10 to +10) including a translation initiation site of mRNA encoding this protein is used.

It is preferable that the complementation between the antisense nucleic acid and the target nucleic acid is strict. However, some mismatch may be accepted. The hybridization performance of the antisense nucleic acid with respect to the target nucleic acid is generally dependent upon both the degree of complementation of both nucleic acids and the length thereof. In general, as the antisense nucleic acid to be used is longer, even if the number of mismatch is increased, stable two heavy chains (or three heavy chains) can be formed between the antisense nucleic acid and the target nucleic acid. Persons skilled in the art can confirm the degree of permissible degree of the mismatch by using a standard technique.

The antisense nucleic acid may be DNA, RNA or a chimera mixture thereof, or derivative or modified type thereof. Furthermore, it may be single stranded or double stranded. By modifying a base portion, a sugar portion or a skeleton portion of phosphoric acid, the stability and hybridization performance and the like of the antisense nucleic acid can be improved. Furthermore, to the antisense nucleic acid, materials for urging the cell membrane transportation (for example, see Letsinger et al., 1989, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86:6553-6556; Lemaitre et al., 1987, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 84:648-652; PCT Publication No. WO88/09810, published Dec. 15, 1988) or materials capable of enhancing the affinity with respect to certain cells may be added.

The antisense nucleic acid can be synthesized by a conventional method, for example, by using commercially available automated DNA synthesizer (for example, Applied Biosystems, and the like). For producing the modulated product or derivative of nucleic acid, you can see, for example, Stein et al. (1988), Nucl. Acids Res. 16:3209, or Sarin et al., (1988), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85:7448-7451.

In order to enhance the effect of antisense nucleic acid in the target cells, a strong promoter such as pol II and pol III can be used. That is to say, if a construct including antisense nucleic acid disposed under control of such promoters is introduced into the target cells, it is possible to secure the transcription of sufficient amount of antisense nucleic acid by the effect of the promoter.

The antisense nucleic acid can be expressed by using any promoters (derivative promoters or constitutive promoters) known to function in the mammalian cells (preferably, human cells). For example, promoters such as a SV40 initial promoter region (Bernoist and Chambon, 1981, Nature 290:304-310), a promoter derived from the 3′-terminal region of Rous sarcoma virus (Yamamoto et al., 1980, Cell 22:787-797), a Herpetic Thymidine Kinase promoter (Wagner et al., 1981, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78: 1441-1445), and the like, can be used.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the expression of the protein is inhibited by RNA interference (RNAi). RNAi is a process of a sequence specific post-transcriptional gene suppression that can be caused in the eukaryote. In the RNA interference, double stranded RNA (dsRNA) having a sequence corresponding to the sequence of the target mRNA is used. It is known that mammalian cells have two routes (a sequence specific route and a sequence nonspecific route) affected by dsRNA. In the sequence specific route, relatively long dsRNA is divided into short interference RNAs (siRNAs). Each of the siRNAs has sense and antisense chains of about 21 nucleotides that form siRNA of about 19 nucleotides having protruding portions at the 3′ terminal portion. On the other hand, it is thought that a sequence nonspecific route can be caused by arbitrary dsRNA regardless of the sequence as long as it has a predetermined length or longer. In this route, dsRNA, two enzymes, that is, PKR, which becomes an active from and stops whole synthesis of proteins by phosphorylating the translation initiation factor eIF2, and 2′, 5′ oligoadenylate synthetase, which is involved in the synthesis of an RNAase L activated molecule are activated. In the method of the present invention, in order to minimize the progress of this nonspecific route, it is preferable to use dsRNA including about 30 base pairs or less (see, for example, Hunter et al. (1975) J Biol Chem 250: 409-17; Manche et al. (1992) Mol Cell Biol 12: 5239-48; Minks et al. (1979) J Biol Chem 254: 10180-3; and Elbashir et al. (2001) Nature 411: 494-8).

Note here that it is confirmed that RNAi is an effective means for reducing the gene expression in various cells (for example, a HeLa cell, a NIH/3T3 cell, a COS cell, a 293 cell, and the like). Furthermore, in general, it can inhibit expression more effectively than by the antisense method.

The dsRNA used in RNAi can be prepared in vitro or in vivo by chemical synthesis or by using an appropriate expression vector. In the latter method, it is particularly effective to prepare a relatively long dsRNA. For designing dsRNA, in general, sequence peculiar to the target nucleic acid (continuous sequence) is used. Note here that a program and algorithm for selecting an appropriate target sequence have been developed.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the expression of ITGA3 is carried out by using ribozyme. By using ribozyme for cleave mRNA at the site specific recognition sequence, it is possible to destroy mRNA encoding the protein. However, preferably, a hammerhead ribozyme is used. A method for constructing the hammerhead ribozyme can be seen in, for example, Haseloff and Gerlach, 1988, Nature, 334: 585-591.

Similar to the antisense method, for example, for the purpose of the stability and target performance, by using a modified oligonucleotide, ribozyme may be constructed. In order to produce an effective amount of ribozyme in the target cells, for example, under the control of a strong promoter (for example, pol II and pol III), it is preferable that the nucleic acid construct in which DNA encoding ribozyme is disposed is used.

Drugs used for the treatment method (including a method of urging to reducing or normalizing the grade of malignancy of cancer cells, and the like) of the present invention can be formulated according to the conventional method. In formulation, other ingredients acceptable for formulation (for example, carrier, vehicle, disintegrating agents, buffer agent, emulsifying agent, suspending agent, soothing agent, stabilizer, preservative, preservative, physiological saline, and the like) can be contained. An example of the vehicle may include lactose, starch, sorbitol, D-mannitol, and sucrose. An example of the disintegrating agents may include starch, carboxymethyl cellulose, calcium carbonate, and the like. An example of the buffer agent may include phosphate, citrate, acetate, and the like. An example of the emulsifying agent may include gum Arabic, alginate sodium, tragacanth, and the like. An example of the suspending agent may include glyceryl monostearate, aluminum monostearate, methylcellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxymethyl cellulose, sodium lauryl sulfate, and the like. An example of the soothing agent may include benzyl alcohol, chlorobutanol, sorbitol, and the like. An example of the stabilizer may include propylene glycol, diethylene sulfite, ascorbic acid, and the like. An example of the preservative may include phenol, benzalkonium chloride, benzyl alcohol, chlorobutanol, methylparaben, and the like. An example of the preservative may include benzalkonium chloride, parahydroxybenzoate, chlorobutanol, and the like.

The dosage form in the formulation is not particularly limited. An example of the dosage form may include tablet, powdered drug, fine subtilae, granule, capsules, syrup, injectable drug, external preparation, and suppository.

In the treatment using the drug of the present invention, the drug of the present invention is administered to a subject (patient) with a cancer cell or adult T cell leukemia. The drug of the present invention can be administered to a subject (patient) by oral administration or parenteral administration (intravenous, intra-arterial, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal injection, direct introduction to the target cell, and the like) depending upon the dosage form.

The dosage amount of the drug of the present invention will vary depending on the symptoms, age, sex, body weight, and the like, of the patient, but the person skilled in the art can set an appropriate dosage amount. For example, the dosage amount can be set so that the dosage amount of effective ingredient for adult (body weight: about 60 kg) per day is about 0.001 mg to about 100 mg. The administration schedule can include, for example, once to several times a day, once per two days, or once per three days. For setting the administration schedule, conditions of a patient, efficacy duration time of the drug, and the like, can be considered.

In another embodiment, the drug of the present invention uses anti-HER1 antibody, anti-HER2 antibody, anti-CD46 antibody, anti-ITGA3 antibody, anti-ICAM1 antibody, anti-ALCAM antibody, anti-CD147 antibody as a carrier for DDS. That is to say, this embodiment provides an immunocomplex obtained by combining a drug (cytotoxin and the like), radioactive isotope, or the like (these are also referred to as “active ingredient” together) to anti-HER1 antibody, and others. The immunocomplex containing a drug (cytotoxin) having a cell-killing activity or a cytotoxic activity is generally referred to as immunotoxin. An example of the cytotoxin may include Taxol, cytochalasin. B, gramicidin D, ethidium bromide, emetine, mitomycin, etoposide, tenoposide, vincristine, vinblastine, colchicines, doxorubicin, daunorubicin, dihydroxy-anthracene-dione, mitoxantrone, methramycin, actinomycin D, 1-dehydrotestosterone, glucocorticoid, procaine, tetracaine, lidocaine, propranolol, and puromycin as well as analogue or homologue thereof.

As the active ingredient contained in the immunocomplex of the present invention, protein or peptide having a desirable biological activity may be used. An example of the candidate for protein and the like that can be used for such a purpose may include abrin, ricin A, Pseudomonas-exotoxin, diphteria toxin, tumor necrosis factor, interferon-γ, interleukin I (IL-1), interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 6 (IL-6), a granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) lymphokine.

A technology for combining an active component to an antibody is well known and you can see in, for example, Monoclonal Antibodies And Cancer Therapy, Reisfeld et al. (eds.), pp. 243-56 (Alan R. Liss, Inc. 1985), Controlled Drug Delivery (2nd edition.), Robinson et al. (eds.), pp. 623-53 (Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1987), Monoclonal Antibodies For Cancer Detection And Therapy, Baldwin et al. (eds.), pp. 303-16 (Academic Press 1985), Thorpe et al., “The Preparation And Cytotoxic Properties Of antibody-Toxin Conjugates”, Immunol. Rev., 62:119-58 (1982).

(Kit Used in the Present Invention)

Each method of the present invention (a method for obtaining information for diagnosis, and the like) may be carried out by using a kit of reagent and the like. Another aspect of the present invention provides a kit used for such a purpose. For example, nucleic acid (probe and primer), reaction reagent, dilution, a reactor vessel, and the like, that are used for the method of the present invention can be contained in the kit. Note here that the kit of the present invention is generally includes instruction.

The user of a kit makes it possible to allow the method of the present invention to be carried out in a simple way and for a short time.

Example 1. Production of Vector for Producing ScFv Antibody Gene Library

1-1 Production of Vector for Producing scFV Antibody Gene Library

As conceptually shown in FIG. 5, pelB (signal sequence) of M13 phage, His6 tag sequence, cp3 protein of M13 phage (Δcp3 (198aa-406aa) N-terminal deleted capsid protein 3) sequence, protein A protein sequence were incorporated in an appropriate restriction enzyme site of a pTZ19R phagemid vector (Pharmacia) so as to from a vector pAALFab (see Iba Y. et al., Gene 194: 35-46, 1997.). A vector pFCAH9-E8d for incorporation was produced from this pAALFab.

Genes of a heavy chain and a light chain are inserted into the predetermined position of this vector, thereby completing an actual antibody protein expression vector. The shape of the antibody expressed by the completed vector is a scFv and a light chain constant region CL gene is bonded to the aforementioned cp3 gene. As a result, expression protein has a shape of scFv-CL-cp3. Specifically, the below-mentioned operation is carried out.

Used primer:

527 Reverse (SEQ ID NO: 377):
5′-CAGGAAACAGCTATGAC-3′
599 E8VHf-PstR: (SEQ ID NO: 378)
3′-CGGCTCCAAGTCGACGTCGTCA-5′
544 E8VHf-PstF: (SEQ ID NO: 379)
5′-CAGCTGCAGCAGTCTGGGGCAGAGCTTGTGAAGCCAGGGGCCTCAGT
CAAGTTGTCCTGCACAGCTTCTGGCTTCAACATTAA-3′
545 E8VHf-XbaR: (SEQ ID NO: 380)
3′-AGACCGAAGTTGTAATTTCTGTGGATATACGTGACCCACTTCGTCTC
CGGACTTTTCCCAGATCTCACCTAACCTTCCTAA-5′
546 E8VHf-XbaF: (SEQ ID NO: 381)
5′-AAGGGTCTAGAGTGGATTGGAAGGATTGATCCTGCGAGTGGTAATAC
TAAATATGACCCGAAGGACAAGGCCACTATAACAGCA-3′
547 E8VHf-EcoR (SEQ ID NO: 382)
3′-TTCCTGTTCCGGTGATATTGTCGTCTGTGTAGGAGGTTGTGTCGGAT
GGATGTCGACTTAAGGGAC-5′
548 E8VHf-EcoF (SEQ ID NO: 383)
5′-CAGCTGAATTCCCTGACATCTGAGGACACTGCCGTCTATTACTGTGC
TGGT-3′
549 E8VHf-BstR (SEQ ID NO: 384):
3′-CAGATAATGACACGACCAATACTAATGCCGTTGAAACTGATGACCCC
GGTTCCGTGGTGCCAGTGGCACAAGG-5′
590 His6-SmaR (SEQ ID NO: 385):
3′-GGTTCTCTAACAGTAGTGGTAGTAGTGGTAATTATTCTCGATAGGGC
CCTCGAA-5′
542 E8VLf-SacF (SEQ ID NO: 386):
5′-GACATCGAGCTCACCCAGTCTCCAGCCTCCCTTTCTGCGTCTGTGGG
AGAAACTGTCACCATCACATGT-3′
539 E8VLf-KpnR (SEQ ID NO: 387):
3′-TGACAGTGGTAGTGTACAGCTCGTTCACCCTTATAAGTGTTAATAAA
TCGTACCATGGTCGTC-5′
542 E8VLf-KpnF (SEQ ID NO: 388):
5′-GCATGGTACCAGCAGAAACCAGGGAAATCTCCTCAGCTCCTGGTCTA
T-3′
543 E8VLf-BamR (SEQ ID NO: 389):
3′-GGAGTCGAGGACCAGATATTACGTTTTTGGAATCGTCTACCACACGG
TAGTTCCAAGTCACCGTCACCTAGGCCTTGTGTT-5′
562 E8VLf-XhoR (SEQ ID NO: 390):
3′-TCATGAGGCACCTGCAAGCCACCTCCGTGGTTCGAGCTCTAGTT
T-5′
563 E8VLf-XhoF (SEQ ID NO: 391):
5′-AGTACTCCGTGGACGTTCGGTGGAGGCACCAAGCTCGAGATCAA
A-3′
613 NheR (SEQ ID NO: 392):
3′-ATCGACAGCT-5′
600 E8VLKpnXhoR (SEQ ID NO: 393):
3′-AAGCCACCTCCATGGTTCGAGCTCTAGTTT-5′
LCP3ASC (SEQ ID NO: 394):
3′-TCGAAGTTGTCCTTACTCACAAGCCGCGCGGTCAGCTGAGGTAA-5′
hCH1Bst (SEQ ID NO: 395):
5′-ACCCTGGTCACCGTCTCCTCAGCCTCCACCAAGGGCCCATCGGTCTT
CCCCCTGG-3′
hCH1midAS (SEQ ID NO: 396):
3′-GGGAGTCGTCGCAGCACTGGCACGGGAGGTCGTCGAA-5′
hCH1midS (SEQ ID NO: 397):
5′-GGACTCTACTCCCTCAGCAGCGTCGTGACCGTGCCC-3′
hCH1H6 (SEQ ID NO: 398):
3′-GGGTCGTTGTGGTTCCACCTGTTCTTTCAACTCGGGTTTAGAACAGT
AGTGGTAGTAGTGGTA-5′
hCH1H6Sma (SEQ ID NO: 399):
3′-GGGTTTAGAACAGTAGTGGTAGTAGTGGTAATTATTCTCGATAGGGC
CCTCGAACG-5′
702 BstXhoF (SEQ ID NO: 400):
5′-GGCACCACGGTCACCGTCTCGAGCGCCTCCACC-3′

<Production of pFCAH3-E8T H Chain Part>
1) By using pAALFab as a template, PCR using 527-599 and PCR using 547-590 were carried out so as to produce a DNA fragment.
2) PCR using 544-545, 546-547, and 548-549 was carried out so as to produce a DNA fragment.
3) 1) and 2) were mixed and PCR by 527,590 was carried out, which was cloned to a HindIII-SmaI site of pAALFab.
<pFCAH3-E8T L Chain Part>
4) PCR using 542-562 and 561-613 was carried out so as to produce a DNA fragment.
5) PCR using 538-539 and 542-543 was carried out so as to produce a DNA fragment.
6) 4) and 5) were mixed and PCR by 538, 562 was carried out, which was cloned to a SacI-NheI site of pAALFab.
<pFCAH9-E8d>

7) Production of VH Stuffer Part

pFCAH3-E8T was digested with XbaI and EcoRI and a klenow fragment was acted thereon so as to be blunted. Thereafter, the self ligation was carried out so as to produce a stuffer of the VH part.

8) Production of VL Stuffer Part

By using pFCAH3-E8T as a template, PCR with 527-600 was carried out, which was cloned to the HindIII-XhoI site in 7).

9) This was digested with KpnI and subjected to self ligation so as to produce a stuffer of a VL part.

10) Introduction of SfiI, NcoI, SpeI Sites

By using pFCAH3-E8T as a template, PCR with 527-663 was carried out, which was cloned to the HindIII-SacI site in 1).

11) Introduction of AscI Site

By using pFCAH3-E8T as a template, PCR with 527-LCP3ASC was carried out, which was cloned to 2) which was completely digested with SacI and partially digested with SalI.

12) Transform of GammaCH1 Part into Human Gene

Since human gamma CH1 part has BstPI site, cloning was carried out so as to design this site. By using tonsil cDNA as a template, PCR with hCH1Bst-hCH1midS, hCH1midAS-hCH1H6 was carried out and then mixed. PCR with hCH1Bst-hCH16Sma was carried out and the DNA fragment was cloned to the BstPI-Sma site in 3).

13) Introduction of Xho Site

By using 12) as a template, PCR with 702-663 was carried out and this was cloned to the BstPI-SacI site in 12).

<Production of pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd>

pFCAH9-E8d 3 μg (3 μL) (see FIG. 5D) was mixed with BstPI (3 U/μL) (3 μL), 10×H buffer (5 μL), DW (39 μL) and subjected to restriction enzyme treatment at 37° C. for two hours. After treatment, precipitates obtained by ethanol precipitation were dissolved in 10 μL of TE buffer. To this solution, SacI (10 U/μL) (1 μL), 10×L buffer (5 μL) and DW (34 μL) were mixed. Then, this mixture was subjected to restriction enzyme treatment at 37° C. for two hours and to agarose gel electrophoresis. Thus, 4.7 kb fragment was recovered. The recovered products were subjected to ethanol precipitation to give 10 μL (pFCAH9-E8d BstPI-SacI fragment).

On the other hand, a primer linF (100 pmol/μL) (5 μL) and a primer linR (100 pmol/μL) (5 μL) were mixed and heated at 94° C. for 5 minutes, and then annealed at 80° C. for 5 minutes, at 70° C. for 5 minutes, and at room temperature for 30 minutes. Two μL of which was mixed with the above-obtained pFCAH9-E8d BstPI-SacI fragment (1 μL), 10× ligation buffer (1.5 μL), DW (9.5 μL), and T4DNA ligase (I μL) and reacted at 16° C. for 16 hours. After reaction, the reacted product was subjected to ethanol precipitation to concentrate to 3 μL. 1.5 μL of them was used to transform E. coli DH12S competent cells (20 μL) by electroporation. The obtained plasmid clone was extracted and the base sequence thereof was confirmed. This was named pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd. FIG. 6 schematically shows a structure of pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd. Furthermore, FIGS. 7-1 to 7-2 show the base sequence (SEQ ID NO: 401) of the insert part of pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd and the amino acid sequence (SEQ ID NO: 402) encoded thereby, respectively.

primer linF
(SEQ ID NO: 403)
GTCACCGTCTCGAGAGGCGGTGGCGGATCAGGTGGCGGTGGAAGTGGCGG
TGGTGGGTCCATGGCCGACATCGAGCT
primer linR
(SEQ ID NO: 404)
CGATGTCGGCCATGGACCCACCACCGCCACTTCCACCGCCACCTGATCCG
CCACCGCCTCTCGAGACG

1-2 Production of Vector for Temporarily Cloning Heavy Chain Variable Region (VH)

According to the well-known technique (see Iba Y. et al., Gene 194:35-46, 1997.), firstly, a pAALFab vector (FIG. 5A) was produced. A portion between XbaI and EcoRI was deleted from the pAALFab vector, and the restriction enzyme cut sites Kpn I, Sfi I, Nco I, and Spe I were newly added. Through pFCAH3-E8T (FIG. 5B), a vector pscFvCA-E8VHd (FIG. 5C) capable of cloning VH (heavy chain variable region) was produced. Thus, a vector for temporarily cloning the heavy chain variable region (VH) was obtained. FIGS. 8-1 to 8-2 show the base sequence (SEQ ID NO: 405) of the insert of pscFvCA-E8VHd, the restriction enzyme site and the amino acid sequence (SEQ ID NO: 406) encoded by the base sequence.

Specifically, the primer 610 and the primer 611 were annealed and annealed produced was cloned to a BstPI-SacI site of pFCAH3-E8T. Thus, a single chain was produced. Furthermore, PCR with the primer 527 and the primer 619 was carried out and this was further cloned to a HindIII-PstI site. Thus, introduction of SfiI, NcoI site was carried out. Hereinafter, primer sequences used for producing the vector are shown.

610 scBstSpeSacF (SEQ ID NO: 407):
5′-CACCACGGTCACCGTCTCCTCAGGCGGTGGCGGATCAGGTGGCGGTG
GAAGTGGCGGTGGTGGGTCTACTAGTGACATCGAGCTCACCCAG-3′
611 scBstSpeSacR (SEQ ID NO: 408):
3′-GTGGTGCCAGTGGCAGAGGAGTCCGCCACCGCCTAGTCCACCGCCAC
CTTCACCGCCACCACCCAGATGATCACTGTAGCTCGAGTGGGTC-5′
527 Reverse (SEQ ID NO: 409):
5′-CAGGAAACAGCTATGAC-3′
619 E8VHf-SftNcoPstR (SEQ ID NO: 410):
3′-GACGCCGGGTCGGCCGGTACCGGCTCCAAGTCGACGTCGTCA-5′

2. Production of Immunoglobulin Light Chain Library 2-1 Isolation of Immunoglobulin Light Chain Gene by Using PCR

From bone marrow cells (sample No. 59) 4×107 cells, and lymphocytes of cord blood and peripheral blood, by using a commercially available kit (Pharmacia Biotech, QuickPrep Micro mRNA Purification Kit), 2.6 μg of mRNA was obtained. From this mRNA, cDNA was produced. The cDNA was produced by using SuperScriptPreamplification System (GibcoBRL). As a primer, oligo dT was used. PCR using the obtained cDNA as a template was carried out by using 5′ primer (κ1-κ6, λ1-λ6) and 3′ primer (hCKASC primer or hCLASC primer) for obtaining light chain genes. The PCR product was treated with phenol, subjected to ethanol precipitation and suspended in 10 μL of TE buffer. The base sequence of primer and conditions of PCR are shown below. In the base sequence of a primer for obtaining light chain genes, underline part represents NcoI site and AscI site.

5′ primer κ1-κ6
hVK1a (SEQ ID NO: 411):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCCGACATCCAGATGACCCA
GTCTCC
hVK2a (SEQ ID NO: 412):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GATGTTGTGATGACTC
AGTCTCC
hVK3a (SEQ ID NO: 413):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GAAATTGTGTTGACGC
AGTCTCC
hVK4a (SEQ ID NO: 414):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GACATCGTGATGACCC
AGTCTCC
hVK5a (SEQ ID NO: 415):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GAAACGACACTCACGC
AGTCTCC
hVK6a (SEQ ID NO: 416):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GAAATTGTGCTGACTC
AGTCTCC
5′ primer λ1-λ6
hVL1 (SEQ ID NO: 417):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGTCTGTGTTGACGC
AGCCGCC
hVL2 (SEQ ID NO: 418):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGTCTGCCCTGACTC
AGCCTGC
hVK3a (SEQ ID NO: 419):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC TCCTATGTGCTGACTC
AGCCACC
hVL3b (SEQ ID NO: 420):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC TCTTCTGAGCTGACTC
AGGACCC
hVL4 (SEQ ID NO: 421):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CACGTTATACTGACTC
AACCGCC
hVL5 (SEQ ID NO: 422):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGCTGTGCTCACTC
AGCCGCC
hVL6 (SEQ ID NO: 423):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC AATTTTATGCTGACTC
AGCCCCA
3′-primer hCKASC (SEQ ID NO: 424):
TCGACTGGCGCGCCGAACACTCTCCCCTGTTGAAGCTCTTTGTG
3′-primer HCLASC (SEQ ID NO: 425):
TCGACTGGCGCGCCGAACATTCTGTAGGGGCCACTGTCTTCTC

Conditions of PCR

cDNA 2 μL
10 × buffer # 1 (attached to KOD) 10 μL
dNTP mix (2.0 mM) 10 μL
25 mM MgCl2 4 μL
5′ side primer (100 pmol/μL) 1 μL
3′ side primer (100 pmol/μL) 1 μL
sterilized MilliQ 71 μL

KOD DNA polymerase (TYOBO CO LTD., 2.5 U/mL) 1 μL

35 cycles, each cycle includes 94° C. for one minute, 55° C. for two minutes and 74° C. for one minute

2-2-1 Incorporation of Light Chain Gene into Phagemid

The PCR product obtained in 1 was treated with a restriction enzyme in the following conditions.

PCR product 10 μL
10 × NEB4 (attached to AscI) 5 μL
Sterilized MilliQ 33 μL
AscI (NEB, 10 U/μL) 1 μL
NcoI (TAKARA SHUZO, 10 U/μL) 1 μL

After the reaction at 37° C. for one hour and at 50° C. for one hour, 10 μL of the reacted product was subjected to agarose gel electrophoresis and 600 bp band was cut out to be purified by using geneclean II kit (Funakoshi Corporation). Similar to the PCR product, restriction enzyme-treated pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd was purified by using geneclean II kit and reacted with the restriction enzyme-treated PCR product at 16° C. for four hours to overnight in the following conditions, thereby carrying out ligation.

restriction enzyme-treated pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd 2 μL
restriction enzyme-treated PCR product 1 μL
10 × ligation buffer 1.5 μL
(attached to T4 DNA ligase)
10 mM ATP 1.5 μL
sterilized MilliQ 8 μL
T4 DNA Iigase (TAKARA SHUZO 10 U/μL) 1 μL

2-2-2 Introduction of Phagemid into E. coli

The obtained ligated DNA was used so as to transform E. coli DH12S as follows. That is to say, ligated DNA was subjected to ethanol precipitation once, and dissolved in 3 μL of ⅕ TE (TE that was 5-fold diluted with sterilized MilliQ). 1.5 μL of them was suspended in 20 μL of competent cell DH12S (GIBCO BRL), which was subjected to electroporation in the following conditions.

Electroporator
Cell-Porator (Cat. series 1600), product of BRL
Setting conditions; voltage booster 4
capacitance 330 μF
DC volts LowΩ
charge rate Fast

The above-mentioned transformed E. coli was planted on a transformation medium (SOB) (2 mL) and shaking cultured at 37° C. for one hour. Then, a part of the cultured product was planted on agar medium (Amp plate) and a remaining part was cultured in a 2×TY medium containing 0.1% glucose and 100 μg/mL ampicillin to form glycerine stock. The agar medium was incubated at 30° C. and growing colony was separated by picking by a picker. A plasmid was prepared, respectively. Then, the light chain gene and the base sequence were examined.

SOB medium: to 950 mL of purified water, the following components were added and shaken so as to be dissolved completely. Thereafter, 250 mM KCl solution (10 mL) was added so as to adjust to pH 7.0 with 5N NaOH. Purified water was added to adjust to 1000 mL, then sterilized for 20 minutes in the autoclave. Immediately before the use, 5 mL of 2M sterilized MgCl2 was added.

bacto-tryptone 20 g
bacto-yeast extract 5 g
NaCl 0.5 g

2×YT medium: to 900 mL of purified water, the following components were added and shaken so as to be dissolved completely. Thereafter, 5 N NaOH was added so as to adjust to pH 7.0 with 5N NaOH. Purified water was added to adjust to 1000 mL, then sterilized for 20 minutes in the autoclave and used.

bacto-tryptone 16 g
bacto-yeast extract 10 g
NaCl  5 g

The other reagents were purchased form the following suppliers.

(Manufacture/Product name are described in this order)
SIGMA/ampicillin sodium

Wako Pure Chemical/phenol SIGMA/BSA

DIFCO/2×YT medium
Wako Pure Chemical/kanamycin sulfate
nacalai tesque/polyethylene glycol 6000
nacalai tesque/Tween 20

KATAYAMA CHEMICAL/NaCl Wako Pure Chemical/IPTG

Wako Pure Chemical/skim milk
Wako Pure Chemical/sodium azide

Wako Pure Chemical/triethylamine

Wako Pure Chemical/hydrogen peroxide
Wako Pure Chemical/OPD tablet

Wako Pure Chemical/ethanol

The above-mentioned operation is carried out with respect to all of κ1, κ2, κ3, κ4, κ5, and κ6, as well as λ1, λ2, λ3a, λ3b, λ4, λ5, λ6, λ7, λ8, λ9, and λ10 are operated so as to confirm whether or not the intended clones are obtained. Then, for example, κ1 and κ2, clones in each group, were mixed so that the ratio becomes near the frequency of use. The rate of expression of each group of these light chains in an actual living body is already known. These gene clones amplified by PCR method and incorporated into a vector are mixed so that the ratio becomes near the frequency of use. Thus, VL library was obtained. Constituent ratio in each family in VL library is shown below.

[Table I]

TABLE 1
Usage Constitutive Constitutive
frequency in ratio in VL ratio in
family vivo (%)* library (%) KL200 (%)
Vκ1 39 37 30.7
Vκ2 12 12 19.8
Vκ3 36 35 33.7
Vκ4 12 12 10.9
Vκ5 1  2 5.0
Vκ6 —**   2*** 0.0
*Griffith AD et al. EMBO J. (1994) 13, 3245-60.
**Published data is not shown
***equal amount of cDNA produced with primer VK6-2 and cDNA produced with primer VK6-3 were mixed.

[Table 2]

TABLE 2
Usage Constitutive Constitutive
frequency in ratio in VL ratio in
family vivo (%)* library (%) KL200 (%)
Vλ1 43 41  34.1
Vλ2 15 15*3 15.2
Vλ3 34 32*4 25.3
Vλ4 0   1.6*5 0.0
Vλ5 0   1.0*6 11.1
Vλ6 0   1.0 14.1
Vλ7 6 6 0.0
Vλ8 1 1 0.0
Vλ9 1 1 0.0
Vλ10 —*2 1 0.0
*Griffith AD et al. EMBO J. (1994) 13, 3245-60.
*2Published data is not shown
*3cDNA produced with primer VL2 (5%) and cDNA produced with primer VL2-2 (10%) were mixed.
*4cDNA produced with primer VL3a-2 (17%) and cDNA produced with primer VL3b (15%)
*5cDNA produced with primer VL4a (0.5%), cDNA produced with primer VL4b (0.5%) and cDNA produced with primer VL4c (0.5%) were mixed.
*6cDNA produced with primer VLSabde (0.5%) and cDNA produced with cDNA (0.5%) were mixed.

3. Production of Combinatorial Library of Light Chain Gene Library and Heavy Chain Gene Library (scFv Antibody Gene Library) 3-1-1 Isolation of Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Gene Using PCR

By the procedure similar to 2-1, cDNA was prepared by using cord blood, bone marrow fluid, and lymphocyte of peripheral blood as well as a human μ primer (below-mentioned primer, 634) from the tonsil or random hexamer. By using this cDNA as a template, a mixture of equal amount of 5′ primer (VH1 to VH7) and 3′ primer (four kinds of human JH primers are mixed in equal amount, below-mentioned primers 697 to 700) for obtaining a human antibody heavy chain gene, or human u primer (below-mentioned primer 634) were subjected to PCR. In Table, underlined parts show the SfiI site. Since hVH2a did not correspond to a germ line VH2 family, VH2a-2 was newly designed. Furthermore, since hhVH4a did not correspond to the entire VH4 family, hVH4a-2 was newly designed. Also, VH5a did not correspond to a germ line VH5 subfamily, VH5a-2 was newly designed. Furthermore, as a primer corresponding to VH7, hVH7 was designed. These were also subjected to gene amplification and incorporated into pscFvCA-E8VHd. Then, as to the obtained genes, the base sequence was determined. Since the sequence of hVH5a-2 is extremely similar to that of hVH1a and it is expected that the gene product similar to that amplified with hVH1a, this was not used. The PCR products were subjected to phenol treatment and then ethanol precipitation, and thereafter suspended in 10 μL of TE buffer.

634 hum μ CH1R (SEQ ID NO: 426):
ATGGAGTCGGGAAGGAAGTC
Primers used for amplification of each VH family
Human VH primer, SfiI site is underlined.
628 hVH1a (SEQ ID NO: 427):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTGCAGCTGGTGC
AGTCTGG
629 hVH2a (SEQ ID NO: 428):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTCAACTTAAGGG
AGTCTGG
630 hVH3a (SEQ ID NO: 429):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GAGGTGCAGCTGGTGG
AGTCTGG
631 hVH4a (SEQ ID NO: 430):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTGCAGCTGCAGG
AGTCGGG
632 hVH5a (SEQ ID NO: 431):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTGCAGCTGTTGC
AGTCTGC
633 hVH6a (SEQ ID NO: 432):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTACAGCTGCAGC
AGTCAGG
629-2 hVH2a-2 (SEQ ID NO: 433):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGRTCACCTTGAAGG
AGTCTGGTCC
631-2 hVH4a-2 (SEQ ID NO: 434):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTGCAGCTACAGC
AGTGGGG
632-2 hVH5a-2 (SEQ ID NO: 435):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC GAGGTGCAGCTGGTGC
AGTCTGG
712 hVH7 (SEQ ID NO: 436):
GTCCTCGCAACTGCGGCCCAGCCGGCCATGGCC CAGGTGCAGCTGGTGC
AATCTGGGTCTGAGT
Human JH primer, BstPI and XhoI sites underlined.
697 hJH1-2 (SEQ ID NO: 437):
GGTGGAGGCACTCGAGACGGTGACCAGGGTGC
698 hJH3 (SEQ ID NO: 438):
GGTGGAGGCACTCGAGACGGTGACCATTGTCC
699 hJH4-5 (SEQ ID NO: 439):
GGTGGAGGCACTCGAGACGGTGACCAGGGTTC
700 hJH6 (SEQ ID NO: 440):
GGTGGAGGCACTCGAGACGGTGACCGTGGTCC

cDNA 2 μL
10 × buffer # 1 (attached to KOD) 10 μL
dNTP mix (2.0 mM) 10 μL
25 mM MgCl2 4 μL
5′ primer (100 pmol/(μL) 1 μL
3′ primer (100 pmol/μL) 1 μL
sterilized MilliQ 71 μL
KOD DNA polymerase (TYOBO CO LTD., 2.5 U/μL) 1 μL

PCR conditions: 35 cycles, each cycle includes 94° C. for one minute, 55° C. for two minutes and 74° C. for one minute

3-1-2 Production of Heavy Chain Gene Library

The PCR product obtained in 3-1-1 was treated with a restriction enzyme in the following conditions.

PCR product 10 μL
10 × K buffer NEB4 (TAKARA SHUZO) 5 μL
Sterilized MilliQ 33 μL
SfiI (NEB, 10 U/μL) 1 μL
XhoI (TAKARA SHUZO, 12 U/μL) 1 μL

After the reaction at 37° C. for two hours, 10 μL of the reacted product was subjected to agarose electrophoresis and 400 bp band was cut out to be purified by using geneclean II kit (Funakoshi Corporation). Similar to the PCR product, restriction enzyme-treated pscFvCA-E8VHd was purified by using geneclean II kit and reacted with the restriction enzyme-treated PCR product at 16° C. for four hours to overnight in the following conditions, thereby carrying out ligation.

restriction enzyme-treated pscFvCA-E8VHd 2 μL
restriction enzyme-treated PCR product 1 μL
10 × ligation buffer 1.5 μL
(attached to T4 DNA ligase)
10 mM ATP 1.5 μL
sterilized MilliQ 8 μL
T4 DNA ligase (TAKARA SHUZO 10 U/μL) 1 μL

3-1-3 Introduction of Phagemid into E. coli

The obtained DNA was transformed into E. coli DH12S. Specifically, DNA was subjected to ethanol precipitation once, and dissolved in 3 μL of ⅕ TE (TE that was 5-fold diluted with sterilized MilliQ). 1.5 μL of them was suspended in 20 μL of competent cell DH12S (GIBCO BRL), which was subjected to electroporation.

Electroporator
Cell-Porator (Cat. series 1600), product of BRL
Setting conditions; voltage booster 4
capacitance 330 μF
DC volts LowΩ
charge rate Fast

The above-mentioned transformed E. coli was planted on a transformation medium (SOB) (2 mL) and shaking cultured at 37° C. for one hour. Then, a part of the cultured product was planted on agar medium (Amp plate) and a remaining part was cultured in a 2×YT medium containing 0.1% glucose and 100 μg/mL ampicillin to form glycerine stock. The agar medium was incubated at 30° C. and growing colony was separated by picking by a picker. A plasmid was prepared, respectively. Then, the heavy chain gene and the base sequence were examined. All of the VH1 to VH7 were treated in the same way to confirm whether or not the target clone was obtained. These clones of each group (family) were mixed so that the ratio was near the use frequency in vivo. Thus, VH library was produced. The constitution ratio of each family in the VH library is shown below.

[Table 3]

TABLE 3
Usage Constitutive
frequency in ratio in VH
family vivo (%)* library (%)
VH1 25  29**
VH2 6.6 7
VH3 40 40 
VH4 19  19***
VH5 5 —**
VH6 3.8 4
VH7 1.2 2
*Griffith AD et al. EMBO J. (1994) 13, 3245-60.
**Actually, since VH1 and VH5 are amplified with the same primer, they cannot be counted separately.
***cDNA produced with VH4 primer and cDNA produced with VH4-2 primer were mixed in this ratio.

3-2 Production of Combinatorial Gene Library

VH library (200 μg) was digested with HindIII and XhoI under the following conditions and heavy chain gene is cut out and purified by using geneclean II kit.

VH library 200 μg 100 μL 
10 × K buffer (TAKARA SHUZO) 40 μL
sterilized MilliQ 205 μL 
HindIII (TAKARA SHUZO40 U/μL) 30 μL
XhoI (TAKARA SHUZO50 U/μL) 25 μL

A vector pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd in which a VL library had been inserted was was digested with HindIII and XhoI under the following conditions, and a fragment containing a light chain gene was purified by using geneclean II kit.

pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd in which a VL 100 μg, 100 μL
library had been inserted
10 × K buffer (TAKARA SHUZO) 40 μL
sterilized Milli-Q 230 μL 
HindIII (TAKARA SHUZO 40 U/μL) 15 μL
XhoI (TAKARA SHUZO 50 U/μL) 15 μL

Next, a VH gene library fragment and a pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd vector into which a light chain gene has been inserted were reacted at 16° C. overnight in the following conditions so as to be ligated.

restriction enzyme-treated VH library fragment 10 μg 50 μL
pscFvCA9-E8VHdVLd containing restriction 40 μg 50 μL
enzyme-treated VL library fragment
10 × ligation buffer (attached to T4 DNA ligase) 100 μL
10 mM ATP 100 μL
Sterilized MilliQ 670 μL
T4 DNA ligase (TAKARA SHUZO 10 U/μL)  30 μL

The DNA in which the reaction had been completed was used to transform E. coli DH12S. Specifically, DNA was subjected to ethanol precipitation once, and dissolved in 30 μL of ⅕ TE (TE 5-fold diluted with sterilized MilliQ). This was suspended in 500 μL of competent cell DH12S (GIBCO BRL), and electroporation was carried out.

Electroporator
Cell-Porator (Cat. series 1600), product of BRL
Setting conditions; voltage booster 4
capacitance 330 μF
DC volts LowΩ
charge rate Fast

The above-mentioned transformed E. coli was planted on a transformation medium (SOB) (12 mL) and shaking cultured at 37° C. for one hour. Then, a part of the cultured product was planted on agar medium (Amp plate) and a remaining part was cultured in a 2×YT medium (500 mL) containing 0.1% glucose and 100 μg/mL ampicillin to form glycerine stock. The agar medium was incubated at 30° C. and the number of clones were estimated from the number of growing colonies. 8.5×1010 clones were obtained.

4. Production of scFv-CL Antibody Phage Library from scFv-CL Antibody Gene Library

To 16 of 5-liter flasks containing 300 mL of 2×YT medium to which 1% glucose and 100 μg/mL ampicillin had been added, 2.5 mL of AIMS-5 suspension was added and shaking cultured at 37° C. Every one hour, the absorbance at the wavelength of 600 nm was measured and the culture solution was proliferated until the absorbance became 1.0. To the culture solution, 12 mL each of helper phage solution (M13KO7) was added for each flask so as to infect the helper phage, culture at 37° C. for two hours. Thus, phage infected DH12S was obtained.

To 24 of 5-L flasks, 2×YT medium (600 mL), 100 μg/mL ampicillin (0.6 mL), 50 μg/m 38 L kanamycin (0.8 mL), and helper phage infected DH12S (200 mL) were added and shaking cultured at 37° C. for 20 hours.

The bacterial cells were centrifuged at 8000 rpm at 4° C. for 10 minutes, and supernatant was recovered. 4 L of 20% polyethylene glycol/2.5M NaCl was added to the supernatant, after it was quietly stirred for about 20 minutes, centrifuged at 8000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 minutes. The precipitate was dissolved in 1 L of PBS, 200 mL of 20% polyethylene glycol/2.5M NaCl was added thereto, after it was quietly stirred for about 20 minutes, and centrifuged at 8000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 minutes. The supernatant was discarded and further, centrifuged at 8000 rpm at 4° C. for 3 minutes, and the precipitate was recovered. The precipitate was dissolved in PBS to which 0.05% NaN3 was added, after it was centrifuged at 1000 rpm at 4° C. for 15 minutes and the supernatant was recovered, further, centrifuged at 8000 rpm at 4° C. for 3 minutes and the supernatant was recovered.

The titer of the recovered phage solution was checked as followings: the phage solution was diluted with PBS in 106, 107 and 108-fold, out of these, 10 μL was infected with 990 μL of DH12S, cultured at 37° C. for one hour. 100 μL of them was plated on LBGA plate and cultured at 30° C. for 18 hours. The titer of the stock solution before dilution was calculated by counting the number of colonies. The stock solution of the phage solution was suspended in PBS containing 0.05% NaN3 so as to be 2×1014/mL.

5. Obtaining of Antibody Clone Specific to Cancer Cell 5-1 Phage Antibody Screening Using Cancer Cell Line

Phage antibodies of various cancer cell lines or clinical specimens were isolated by the following procedure. Kinds of used cell lines are described below. The culture conditions of the cell line are show in Table of FIG. 38.

pancreatic cancer cell lines PANC-1, MIA-Paca2

kidney cancer cell lines CCFRC1, Caki-1, CCFRC1, Caki-1, ACHN

ovarian cancer cell lines KF28, RMG-1, RMG-2, SKOv3

stomach cancer cell lines SNU-5, MKN45, NCI-N87

lung squamous cell carcinoma lines RERF-LC-AI, EBC1

pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines Calu-3, NCI-H441, A549, PC14

hepatic cell carcinoma cell lines HepG2, OCTH, Hep3B

hepatic cell carcinoma clinical specimen (HCV positive),

intrahepatic bile duct cell carcinoma cell line RBE

stomach cancer cell lines SNU5, MKN45, NCI-N87

large bowel cancer cell lines CW2, CaCo2

acute myelocytic leukemia, AML clinical specimen

An adherent cell line group in 6 well plate (Falcon 3516) and a suspended cell line such as ATL-derived cell line in suspended culture flask (70 ml (slant neck)), which had been cultured in a medium (RPMI-1640: Sigma-Aldrich, 10% fetal calf serum, 1% penicillin-streptomycin solution) in a CO2 incubator at 37° C., were used.

The adherent cell line was dissociated from culture dish with 2 mg/ml collagenase I (Gibco BRL)/cell dissociation buffer (Gibco BRL), and then recovered with 10% FBS/DMEM. On the other hand, the suspended cells were, as they were, centrifuged (400×g, 4° C., two minutes) to remove the medium once.

After such operation, each cell was washed with 1% BSA, 0.05% NaN3/PBS (BSA solution) and centrifuged (400×g, 4° C., two minutes) to remove the supernatant.

Cells from the clinical specimen derived from clinical tissue material prepared in 6 well plate (Falcon 3516), which had been cultured in a medium (RPMI-1640: Sigma-Aldrich, 10% fetal calf serum, 1% penicillin-streptomycin solution) in a CO2 incubator at 37° C., were used.

Cells were washed with cooled PBS and 4×107 of cells were used for screening. This was mixed with 1×1013 cfu of human antibody phage library, so that the final concentration of the reaction solution was made to be 1% BSA-0.1% NaN3/MEM and the volume was made to be 1.6 ml. The reaction was carried out while rotating slowly at 4° C. for four hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was divided into two parts and each part was stratified on 0.6 ml of organic solution (dibutyl phtalate cycloheximide 9:1) and subjected to centrifugation at centrifugal force of 3000 rpm by using a micro-centrifugal machine for two minutes, so that cells were allowed to precipitate at the bottom of the tube. From each tube, the solution was discarded and cells were suspended in 0.7 ml of 1% BSA/MEM, stratified on 0.7 ml of organic solvent and subjected to centrifugation. This operation was repeated again. Then the solution was discarded and cells were suspended in 0.3 ml PBS, frozen with liquid nitrogen and melted at 37° C.

This was infected with 20 ml of E. coli DH12S (OD 0.5) for one hour, the part of it was plated on an Ampicillin plate and the titer of the collected phage was calculated. Phage infected E. coli was cultured over night in 600 ml of 2×YTGA culture medium (2×YT, 200 μg/ml ampicillin sulfate, 1% glucose) at 30° C. overnight. The cultured product (10 ml) that had been cultured over night was mixed with 200 ml of 2×YTA culture medium (2×YT, 200 μg/ml ampicillin sulfate) and cultured at 37° C. for 1 hour. Thereafter, helper phage κ07 (1×1011) was placed and cultured at 37° C. for 1.5 hour. Then, 800 ml of 2×YTGAK (2×YT, 200 μg/ml ampicillin sulfate, 0.05% glucose, 50 μg/ml kanamycin) was placed and cultured over night at 30° C. This was centrifuged at 8000 rpm for ten minutes so as to prepare 1 l of supernatant. To this, 200 ml of PEG solution (20% polyetyleneglycol 6000, 2.5M NaCl) was mixed and agitated sufficiently. Thereafter, the mixture was centrifuged at 8000 rpm for 10 minutes so as to precipitate phage. This was suspended in 10 ml of PBS/0.05% NaN3 and the part of it was used so as to examine the number of infected E. coli. This is the phase of the I st screening.

For the 2nd screening, 2×107 of cells and 1×1010 cfu of the 1st screening phages were used, so that the volume of the reaction solution was made to be 0.8 ml. The reaction solution was 1% BSA-0.1% NaN3/MEM and the entire scale was carried out equal to that of the 1st screening.

The 3rd screening was carried out in the same conditions as those of the 2nd screening except that 1×109 cfu of 2nd phages were used.

When the recovering rate of the phages is increased, the screening round is stopped at the time. When the recovering rate is not increased, the 4th screening or later are carried out in the same manner by using the phage recovered immediately before round and by using 1×109 cfu of phages.

The screening of various cell lines was carried out by the same method as that of the screening mentioned above.

5-2 Selection of Antibody Clone

In the screening of HepG2 as an example, because the recovering rate of HepG2 was increased in the 3rd screening (FIG. 9), it was judged that HepG2 cell specific antibody clone was concentrated in this stage, and several hundreds clones were picked up. Next, when the base sequence of H-chain portions of these positive clones was analyzed, antibodies obtained by removing the overlap from the kinds of base sequences were classified. These were examined for expression. Furthermore, expression positive clones were selected by the following procedures.

6. Base Sequence Determination of Antibody Clone

E. coli, infected with antibody phage, obtained by screening was diluted and plated on a nutrient agar medium containing 100 Hg/ml of ampicillin. The obtained colonies were picked up and cultured in 2×YTGA culture medium at 30° C. overnight. DNA was extracted by using KURABO PI-50 and the base sequence was determined by a dideoxy method. The overlapped clones having the same base sequence were removed. Furthermore, this culture medium cultured overnight (0.05 ml) was plated on 1.2 ml of 2×YTAI (2×YT, 200 μg/ml ampicillin sulfate, 0.5 mM IPTG) and cultured overnight at 30° C., centrifuged by using a micro-centrifugal machine at 15000 rpm for 5 minutes, and supernatant was obtained.

7. Confirmation of Expression of Antibody Clone 7-1 Selection of Antibody Clone

Since the antibody was expressed as cp3 fused protein, the expression using the protein was examined. That is to say, firstly, the supernatant obtained in the previous paragraph was reacted in Maxisorp (NUNC) at 37° C. for two hours, liquid was discarded, and blocking was carried out by reacting 5% BSA/PBS/0.05% NaN3 at 37° C. for two hours. The liquid was discarded and a rabbit anti-cp3 antibody (Medical & Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd.) that had been diluted 5000-fold with 0.05% Tween/PBS was reacted at room temperature for one hour, followed by washing with PBS. Then, a HRP labeled goat anti-rabbit IgG antibody (Medical & Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd.) that had been diluted 2000-fold with 0.05% Tween/PBS was reacted at room temperature for one hour, followed by washing with PBS. Then, 100 μl of OPD solution was reacted at room temperature for 2 to 10 minutes, and the reaction was terminated by using 2N sulfuric acid, and by using SPECTRAmax 340PC (Molecular Devices), the absorbance at 492 nm of wavelength was measured.

In negative well in which the supernatant was not reacted was made to be a control. It was judged that a control whose absorbance did not become two times or more did not express. Such a control was removed from the later analysis.

7-2 Preparation of Antibody Sample

7-2-1 Production of cp Type Antibody Expression E. coli

E. coli (10 ml) infected with phage corresponding to expressing antibody clones was introduced was plated on YTGA and shaking cultured at 30° C. one day and one night (pre-culture solution). This was added to 4 l of YT 0.05GA and cultured at 30° C. When O.D. of the bacterial cells became 0.5, 4 ml of 1M IPTG was added and shaking cultured at 30° C. one day and one night. After the culture was terminated, the bacterial cells were centrifuged by using a cooling centrifugal machine at 10000 g, 4° C. for 10 minutes. To the obtained culture supernatant, an equal amount of saturated ammonium sulfate aqueous solution was added and stirred at room temperature for one hour. This solution was centrifuged by using a cooling centrifugal machine at 10000 g, 4° C. for 15 minutes, then supernatant was discarded, the obtained precipitate was suspended in 20 ml of PBS-NaN3 solution, centrifuged by using a cooling centrifugal machine at 10000 g, 4° C. for 5 minutes, and supernatant was recovered. This was dialyzed with PBS one day and one night. To this, a supernatant antibody cp3 mouse monoclonal antibody (Medical & Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd.) that had been balanced with 0.05% NaN3/PBS was chemically immobilized. Antibody affinity column was produced by using sepharose beads. The supernatant was naturally dropped, and the components that had not reacted with beads were allowed to pass through the column. This column was washed with 100 ml of PBS twice, washed with 0.1% Tween 20/PBS (30 ml) four times, and washed with 100 ml of PBS twice. To this, 0.2M Glycine-HCl (pH 3, 4 ml) was slowly added three times and the eluted component was recovered. Then, 3M Tris (80 μl) was added and neutralize (antibody solution). This was filtrated through a MILLEX-GP 0.22 μm filter, O.D. was measured, and the yield of antibodies was calculated.

7-2-2 Production of pp Type Antibody Expressing E. coli

The obtained antibody clone is originally cp3 type clone. This DNA was extracted by using KURABO PI-50, digested with a restriction enzyme SalI, self reconnected, then, introduced into E. coli DH 12S for transformation. Then, it was plated on a LBGA plate and cultured at 30° C. overnight at. The obtained E. coli colonies were cultured in 2×YTGA overnight and a pp type antibody expressing E. coli solution was obtained.

E. coli (10 ml) into which a plasmid expressing pp type antibody clones was introduced was plated on YTGA and shaking cultured at 30° C. one day and one night (pre-culture solution). This was added to 4 l of YT 0.05GA and cultured at 30° C. When O.D. of the bacterial cells became 0.5, 4 ml of 1 M IPTG was added and shaking cultured at 30° C. one day and one night. After the culture was terminated, the bacterial cells were centrifuged by using a cooling centrifugal machine at 10000 g, 4° C. for 10 minutes. To the obtained culture supernatant, an equal amount of saturated ammonium sulfate aqueous solution was added and stirred at room temperature for one hour. This solution was centrifuged by using a cooling centrifugal machine at 10000 g, 4° C. for 15 minutes, then supernatant was discarded, the obtained precipitate was suspended in 20 ml of PBS-NaN3 solution, centrifuged by using a cooling centrifugal machine at 10000 g, 4° C. for 5 minutes, and supernatant was recovered. This was dialyzed with PBS one day and one night. To this, 2 ml of IgG sepharose 6 Fast Flow (Amersham Biosciences) balanced with 0.05% NaN3/PBS was added and reacted while shaking at 4° C. one day and one night. This mixture solution was transferred to a column and naturally dropped. The components that were not reacted with beads were allowed to pass through the column. This column was washed with 100 ml of PBS twice, washed with 0.1% Tween 20/PBS (30 ml) four times, and washed with 100 ml of PBS twice. To this, 0.2M Glycine-HCl (pH 3, 4 ml) was slowly added three times and the eluted component was recovered. Then, 3M Tris (80 μl) was added and neutralize (antibody solution). This was filtrated through a MILLEX-GP 0.22 μm filter, O.D. was measured, and the yield of antibodies was calculated.

8. Reactivity to Various Cell Lines of Antibody Clone 8-1 FCM (Flow Cytometry) Analysis

The reactivity of various isolated antibody clones to various cell lines was confirmed by FCM. Experiment operation was as follows. Firstly, an adherent cell line in 6 well plate (Falcon 3516) and a suspended cell line such as ATL-derived cell line in suspended culture flask (70 ml (slant neck)), which had been cultured in a medium (RPMI-1640: Sigma-Aldrich, 10% fetal calf serum, 1% penicillin-streptomycin solution) in a CO2 incubator at 37° C., were used.

i) Adherent cell line was dissociated from a culture plate with 2 mg/ml collagenase I (Gibco BRL)/cell dissociation buffer (Gibco BRL), and then recovered with 10% FBS/DMEM. On the other hand, the suspended cells were, as they were, centrifuged (400×g, 4° C., two minutes) to remove the medium once. After such operation, each cell was washed with 2.5% BSA, 0.05% NaN3/PBS (BSA solution), suspended in 100 μl of 2.5% normal goat serum/BSA solution and stood still on ice for 30 minutes, dispensed to 106 cells/well, and then centrifuged (400×g, 4° C., two minutes) to remove the supernatant.

ii-1) In the case of cp3 antibodies, they were added so that the concentration became 5 μg/ml and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with a BSA solution once, then suspended in 100 μl of 5 μg/ml BSA solution of anti-cp3 mouse monoclonal antibody (Medical & Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd.) and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with a BSA solution once, then suspended in 100 μl of 5 μg/ml BSA solution of Alexa 488 binding anti-mouse IgG goat antibody (Molecularprobe) and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with BSA solution twice, and then suspended in 500 μl of BSA solution. To this solution, 50 μl of fixation solution (formaldehyde) was added and it was left for 10 minutes. Thereafter, 150 μl of PBS was added, treated by using Cell Strainer (Becton Dickinson), and then the fluorescence intensity of the group of cells was analyzed by using FACScaliver (FCM) (Becton Dickinson) ((1) to (3)).

ii-2) In the case of the pp type (protein A type) antibodies, they were added so that the concentration became 5 μg/ml and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with a BSA solution once, then suspended in 100 μl of 5 μg/ml BSA solution of Alexa 488 binding anti-mouse IgG goat antibody (Molecularprobe) and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with BSA solution twice, and then suspended in 500 μl of BSA solution. To this solution, 50 μl of fixation solution (formaldehyde) was added and it was left for 10 minutes. Thereafter, 150 μl of PBS was added, treated by using Cell Strainer (Becton Dickinson), and then the fluorescence intensity of the group of cells was analyzed by using FACScaliver (FCM) (Becton Dickinson).

In the analysis, detection antibody was labeled with fluorescent dye (Alexa 488, etc.) in advance. After sample antibodies and cells were reacted, they were reacted with detection antibodies. The difference in the antibody amount occurs depending upon the amount of antigen existing on the surface of the cell, and as a result, the fluorescence intensity became different. Thus, the affinity with respect to the antigen existing on the surface of the cells and the amount of antigen can be estimated. Furthermore, in order to remove dead cells and debris, and the like, Forward Scatter: FSC is expressed in X-axis and Side Scatter: SSC is expressed in Y-axis, and a group of living cells (substantially the same group because cultured cells were used) in data obtained by dot plot expansion were gated, the fluorescence intensity only in this gate was measured.

8-2 Production of Panel

From the results of FCM, a histogram showing the relationship between the antibody binding amount and the number of cells was formed. One-parameter histogram using the antibody binding amount a parameter was drawn. The one-parameter histogram is one of the display methods in the flow cytometry. The one-parameter histogram is generally shown in a graph in which X-axis represents one indicator (parameter) and Y-axis represents the number of cells.

Typical examples of the results of FCM are shown in FIGS. 10 to 12. As shown in these figures, basically, the behavior of the FCM becomes unique according to the combination of cells and antibodies. FIGS. 10 and 11 show histogram (right) and cell fluorescence cytology image (left), respectively, which show the reactivity between the scFv antibody and the undifferentiated malignant liver cancer cell line HLF obtained in the above-mentioned method. In all the antibodies (five antibodies), positive patterns are obtained but each has very unique shape of peak. Such shapes of peaks are thought to reflect the uniqueness of epitope of antigen. FIG. 12 shows a plurality of histograms (antibodies to be used was different in each case) which are overwritten. It is shown that the peak of each histogram has its own unique shape. However, during the comprehensive FCM analysis, an antibody group providing histogram having an extremely high similarity as shown in FIGS. 13 to 15 are observed. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 16, an antibody group consistently providing histogram having a high similarity regardless of cell lines to be used in the FCM analysis was observed. FIG. 16 show comparison of histograms obtained in three kinds of antibodies (035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, and 041-118 antibody). According to the later investigation, it is determined that these three kinds of antibodies recognize ALCAM.

FIG. 17 shows a method for classifying the antibody group based on the results of the FCM analysis. That is to say regardless of kinds of cells to be used, a plurality of antibodies having similar behavior (shape of histogram) in the FCM analysis are shown as the same group in a panel. Basically, a plurality of antibodies having the same shape of histogram (peaks are overlapped when the shapes are overwritten) are defined as one group. However, a plurality of antibodies may be classified into groups on the basis of the factors such as the median value, mode (peak value), and kurtosis of the histogram.

A plurality of antibodies are classified based on the above-mentioned technique. Firstly, the histograms obtained in the antibody clones are overwritten for each cell line to be used, and thereby the histograms are compared with each other. Thus, similarly between the antibody clones and the reactivity between antibody clones are obtained. Then, based on the similarity and the reactivity, antibody clones are classified and summarized in table (FIG. 18). Thus, eight antibody groups (in the description hereinafter, groups are named 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 sequentially in this order) are obtained. In FIG. 18, information on antigen identified later is also displayed. Each mark in Table shows a shift amount relative from the histogram (reference histogram) of the negative control antibody. Double circle mark represents that the shift amount is 20 times or more (the peak value of the is 20 times or more of the reference histogram); “o” (circle mark) represents that the shift amount is 10 times or more; “Δ” (triangle mark) represents that the shift amount is 3 times or more; and “x” represents that the shift amount is less than 3, respectively (an oblique line means no data is obtained). The larger the shift amount is, the higher the reactivity is.

Next, by the following procedure, it is verified that antigens of each antibody group in the produced panel are common.

9. Identification of Protein (Antigen) Recognized by Antibody Clone 9-1 Preparation of Solid Phase Antibody for Immunoprecipitation

Firstly, a pp type antibody solution was dialyzed with a coupling buffer solution (0.1M NaHCO3—NaOH, pH 9). That is to say, an antibody solution was enclosed with a dialysis membrane (Snake Skin Pleated Dialysis Tubing 10,000 MWCO) and this was allowed to be sunk in 1.5 L of the coupling buffer solution (0.1 M NaHCO3—NaOH, pH 9) and stirred by using a stirrer at 4° C. for two to three hours. Then, the buffer solution was replaced with new one and dialyzed for two to three hours. Thereafter, the buffer solution was replaced with new one again and dialyzed one day and one night.

Next, activated CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B used for making solid phase was adjusted. That is to say, CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B (Amersham Biosciences) was swollen with 1 mM HCl, then sucked by using an aspirator. To this, 50 ml of coupling buffer solution was added, stirred, and then sucked by using an aspirator. In this sucked state, a coupling buffer solution was added.

An antibody was made to be solid phased as follows. That is to say, to 5 mg antibody solution (10 ml), activated gel (1 ml) was added to cause a reaction at room temperature for two hours. After the reaction was terminated, the gel was transferred to a column and washed with a coupling buffer solution (1 ml) ten times. The presence of non-reacted antibodies was confirmed by measuring the O.D. The solid phased gel was substituted by 0.2M Glycine-NaOH pH8 solution (5 ml) twice, the same solution (5 ml) was further added and left at room temperature for two hours, this solution was naturally dropped, to this, 0.2M Glycine-HCl (pH 3, 5 ml) was added and substituted, the same solution (5 ml) was further added and left for 5 minutes, and then naturally dropped. Finally, the column was substituted by 20 ml of PBS, then naturally dropped, and 1% NP40, protease inhibitor, and 0.05% NaN3/PBS were added, and gel was recovered.

9-2 Biotin Label of Protein on Cell Membrane and Production of Cell Lysate

Biotin labeling of the cultured liver cancer cell line was carried out as follows. That is to say, cultured cells HLF that had been cultured in five 15 cm-dishes were washed with PBS twice, and collagenase I (GIBCO) whose concentration had been adjusted to 5 mg/ml by using a cell dissociation buffer (GIBCO) was added and reacted in a CO2 incubator at 37° C., so that cells were liberated. Thereafter, cells were recovered in a culture medium and washed with PBS(−) twice. Then, the number of cells was counted by using a hemocytometer. The cells were suspended in PBS(−) so that the counted number became about 5×107/ml. To this, an equal amount of EZ-Link Sulfo-NHS-LC-Biotinylation Kit (PIERCE) was added so that the concentration had been adjusted to 1 mg/ml with PBS, left at room temperature for 30 minutes and then washed with PBS twice.

The cell lysate of biotin labeled cells was adjusted as follows. That is to say, to the above-mentioned biotin labeled cells, 4 ml of lysis buffer (1% NP40/detergent base solution, the composition of the detergent base solution: 20 mM HEPES, pH 8.0, 140 mM NaCl, protease inhibitor) was added and cells were suspended. This suspension was placed and homogenized in a cooled Dounce homogenizer. To the solution, ½ amount (2 ml) of a detergent mix solution (1% NP40, tritonX-100, b-D-Maltoside, n-Octyl b-D-Glucoside, n-Octyl b-D-Maltoside, n-Decyl b-D-Maltoside, deoxycholic acid, each 0.5%/detergent base solution) was added and mixed at 4° C. for four hours. This solution was centrifuged at 100,000 rpm for 30 minutes and filtrated through MILLEX-GP 0.22 μm filter.

9-3 Immunoprecipitation Reaction

Firstly, about 60 μl parts (about 150 μl solution parts) of the solid-phased antibodies (hereinafter, referred to as “antibody beads”) were placed in a 2 ml-tube and 1/10 volume (about 15 μl) of 4 mM biotin was added to the tube. A mixture of 0.5 culture dishs of lysate (600 μl) and 60 μl of biotin solution was added to the tube and reacted while stirring at 4° C. for several hours. Then, the tube was centrifuged (5500 g, one minute, 4° C.) and supernatant was removed. To this, 800 μl of washing biotin/lysis-T buffer (0.5 mM biotin, 0.1% Tween 20/PBS) was added and mixed while falling two or three times, then the tube was centrifuged (5500 g, one minute, 4° C.), and supernatant was removed. This washing operation was carried out again, then 30 μl of citric acid solution (50 mM citric acid, pH 2.5) for elution was added to the antibody beads and stirred. Then, the tube was centrifuged (5500 g, 1 min, 4° C.) and supernatant was recovered. To the remaining antibody beads, 30 μl of citric acid solution for elution was added and stirred. The tube was centrifuged (5500 g, 1 min, 4° C.) and supernatant was recovered. This elution operation was repeated further three times, and a sample solution was recovered and 3M Tris was added to the solution for neutralization. This sample was migrated by SDS-PAGE so as to confirm the band by silver staining. At the same time, this sample was subjected to western blotting by using streptavidin-HRP (Anti-Streptavidin, IgG Fraction, Conjugated to Peroxidase CORTEX biochem) so as to detect a band of the biotin membrane protein.

9-4 Mass Spectrometry of Cut-Out Band 9-4-1 Trypsin Digestion in Gel

A portion corresponding to detected membrane protein was digested with trypsin in a gel and peptide was recovered. SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was carried out in accordance with a usual method and a band that had been obtained by staining with Coomassie Brilliant Blue was cut out. This was soaked in 200 mM ammonium bicarbonate 50% acetonitrile solution, shaken at 37° C. for 45 minutes. Then, the solution was discarded and the operation was repeated twice, thereby removing the Coomassie Brilliant Blue. This gel was dried under reduced pressure, and 4 μl of trypsin (20 μg/ml) dissolved in 40 mM ammonium bicarbonate (pH 8.1)-10% acetonitrile was added per unit area (mm2) of gel slice, and left at room temperature for one hour and sufficiently infiltrated. To this, a trypsin solution was added in an amount that was 25 times as much as the previously added amount, and left at 37° C. for 18 hours. This was filtrated by a tube having a filter whose power size was 0.22 μm, and peptide in which an antigen had been cut with trypsin was recovered.

9-4-2 Identification of Antigen by Mass Spectrometry

A specimen obtained by in-gel trypsin digestion was subjected to HPLC linked with an electrospray ionization type ion trap quadrupole mass spectrometer. From the reversed phase chromatography column of HPLC, according to the change of linear concentration gradient of 0% to 80% acetonitrile containing 0.1% TFA, each peptide that had been eluted sequentially depending upon the hydrophobic property was ionized by an electrospray method. The mass of each peptide was analyzed.

At the same time, the mass of limited digested product of each peptide generated by collision with helium atoms placed in the middle of the fight route of ions was analyzed. When one amino acid is removed by limited digestion, since ion that is smaller by a part of the mass of the removed amino acid is observed, the kind of the removed amino acid can be identified according to the difference in mass. Furthermore, another amino acid is removed, since ion that is smaller by a part of the mass of the removed amino acid is observed, the kind of the removed amino acid can be identified according to the difference in mass. By proceeding the same analysis of the experimental data, an inner amino acid sequence can be determined. The set of the inner sequence of the obtained amino acid was retrieved by using a published amino acid sequence database and antigen was identified. As a result, as shown below, antigen of each antibody clone was identified and it is confirmed that the antibodies in the same group have the common antigen. The identification results was confirmed because the total amount of the identified protein that had been analogized from the amino acid sequence was not contradictory to the experimental data of the molecular weight of the SDS polyacrylamide electrophoresis of antigen before carrying out the trypsin digestion.

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 1: HER1 (also known as: ErbB1, c-erbB-1, EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor), v-erbB)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 2: HER-2 (also known as: ErbB2, c-erbB-2, neu)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 3: CD46 antigen (also known as: MCP (membrane cofactor protein), gp45-70, HuLY-m5, measles virus receptor, MIC10, TLX-B antigen, TRA2, trophoblast leucocyte common antigen, trophoblast-lymphocyte cross-reactive antigen)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 4: ITGA3 (integrin alpha3) (also known as: alpha3beta1 Epiligrin Receptor, alpha3beta1 Integrin, Epiligrin Receptor, CD49c, VLA-3, Gap b3, Galactoprotein b3, Laminin-5 Receptor)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 5: ICAM1 (Intercellular adhesion molecule-1) (also known as: Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1, CD54 Antigen)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 6: ALCAM (Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule) (also known as: KG-CAM, CD166 Antigen, CD6 Ligand,

Activated Leukocyte Cell Adhesion Molecule, Neurolin)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 7: CD147 antigen (also known as: BSG, TCSF (Tumor cell-derived collagenase stimulatory factor), 5F7 protein, OK blood group protein, basigin protein, collagenase stimulatory factor protein, EMMPRIN (Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase Inducer), M6 activation antigen, human leukocyte activation antigen M6)

Antigen of antibodies belonging to group 8: IgSF4 (also known as: BL2, ST17, NECL2, TSLC1, IGSF4A, SYNCAM, sTSLC-1)

From the above-mentioned identification results, it has been clarified that it was possible obtain three antibody clones to HER1 (048-006 antibody, 057-091 antibody, and 059-152 antibody), one antibody clone to HER-2 (015-126 antibody), seven antibody clones to CD46 antigen (035-224 antibody, 045-011 antibody, 051-144 antibody, 052-053 antibody, 052-073 antibody, 053-049 antibody, and 3172-120 antibody), one antibody clone to ITGA3 (015-003 antibody), five antibody clones to ICAM1 (052-033 antibody, 053-042 antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody, and 053-085 antibody), five antibody clones to ALCAM (035-234 antibody, 040-107 antibody, 041-118 antibody, 066-174 antibody, and 083-040 antibody), one antibody clone to CD147 antigen (059-053 antibody), and ten antibody clones to IgSF4. The Note here that the amino acid sequences of the antibody clones have been identified as mentioned below (antibody clones to IgSF4 are omitted).

<Antibodies belonging to group 1>
(1) 048-006 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 1 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 2 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 3 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 4 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 5 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 6 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 7 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 8 (VL CDR3)
(2) 057-091 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 9 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 10 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 11 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 12 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 13 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 14 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 15 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 16 (VL CDR3)
(3) 059-152 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 17 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 18 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 19 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 20 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 21 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 22 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 23 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 24 (VL CDR3)
<Antibody belonging to group 2>
(1) 015-126 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 25 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 26 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 27 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 28 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 29 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 30 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 31 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 32 (VL CDR3)
<Antibodies belonging to group 3>
(1) 035-224 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 33 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 34 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 35 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 36 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 37 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 38 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 39 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 40 (VL CDR3)
(2) 045-011 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 41 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 42 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 43 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 44 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 45 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 46 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 47 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 48 (VL CDR3)
(3) 051-144 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 49 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 50 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 51 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 52 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 53 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 54 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 55 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 56 (VL CDR3)
(4) 052-053 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 57 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 58 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 59 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 60 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 61 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 62 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 63 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 64 (VL CDR3)
(5) 052-073 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 65 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 66 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 67 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 68 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 69 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 70 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 71 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 72 (VL CDR3)
(6) 053-049 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 73 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 74 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 75 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 76 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 77 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 78 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 79 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 80 (VL CDR3)
(7) 3172-120 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 81 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 82 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 83 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 84 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 85 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 86 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 87 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 88 (VL CDR3)
<Antibody belonging to group 4>
(1) 015-003 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 89 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 90 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 91 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 92 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 93 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 94 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 95 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 96 (VL CDR3)
<<Antibodies belonging to group 5>
(1) 052-033 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 97 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 98 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 99 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 100 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 101 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 102 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 103 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 104 (VL CDR3)
(2) 053-042 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 105 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 106 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 107 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 108 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 109 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 110 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 111 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 112 (VL CDR3)
(3) 053-051 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 113 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 114 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 115 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 116 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 117 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 118 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 119 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 120 (VL CDR3)
(4) 053-059 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 121 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 122 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 123 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 124 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 125 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 126 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 127 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 128 (VL CDR3)
(5) 053-085 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 129 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 130 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 131 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 132 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 133 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 134 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 135 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 136 (VL CDR3)
<Antibodies belonging to group 6>
(1) 035-234 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 137 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 138 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 139 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 140 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 141 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 142 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 143 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 144 (VL CDR3)
(2) 040-107 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 145 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 146 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 147 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 148 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 149 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 150 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 151 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 152 (VL CDR3)
(3) 041-118 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 153 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 154 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 155 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 156 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 157 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 158 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 159 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 160 (VLCDR3)
(4) 066-174 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 161 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 162 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 163 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 164 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 165 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 166 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 167 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 168 (VLCDR3)
(5) 083-040 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 169 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 170 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 171 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 172 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 173 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 174 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 175 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 176 (VL CDR3)
<<Antibody belonging to group 7>
(1) 059-053 antibody
SEQ ID NO: 177 (VH),
SEQ ID NO: 178 (VH CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 179 (VH CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 180 (VH CDR3),
SEQ ID NO: 181 (VL),
SEQ ID NO: 182 (VL CDR1),
SEQ ID NO: 183 (VL CDR2),
SEQ ID NO: 184 (VL CDR3)

10. Confirmation of Antigen by RNAi and Immunostaining

In order to reconfirm that the isolated antibodies recognize the identified antigen, double stranded oligo RNA was allowed to act on cells so as to carry out antigen gene knockdown. Thus, the immunostaining property of the antibody identified by the isolated antigen with respect to the cell was examined.

Firstly, cells were cultured in a 6-well culture dish to about 30% confluent. To this, a mixture including Lipofectamin 2000 (5 μl) (Invitrogen) and the following oligo RNA (100 pmol) was acted. At day 2, cells were peeled off by using collagenase and recovered. To this, cp3 type purified antibody for verification was acted at the concentration of 5 μg/ml. After washing, a rabbit anti-cp3 antibody was acted at the concentration of 2 μg/ml. After washing, Alexa488 labeled anti-rabbit IgG was acted at 2 μg/ml. This was washed and then immobilized in OptiLyse (NOTECH) (50 μl) for ten minutes. This was diluted by adding 1 ml of PBS and this was measured by using FACS Caliver (Beckmann). As the antibody reaction solution and washing solution, 2.5% BSA/PBS solution was used.

Subject antigen: CD147

Sequence of the used oligo RNA:

CAGAGCUACACAUUGAGAACCUGAA (SEQ ID NO: 441)

Subject cell: clear cell renal cell carcinoma CCFRC1 cell

Verified antibody: 059-053 cp3 antibody

Subject antigen: CD166

Sequence of the used oligo RNA:

UACCUAUGUGCAGAGGAAUUAUGAU (SEQ ID NO: 442)

Subject cell: clear cell renal cell carcinoma CCFRC1 cell

Verified antibody: 035-234 cp3 antibody

Subject antigen: CD166

Sequence of the used oligo RNA:

GCAACCAUCUAAACCUGAAAUUGUA (SEQ ID NO: 443)

Subject cell: hepatic cell carcinoma HLF cell

Verified antibody: 048-006 cp3 antibody

Subject antigen: HER2

Sequence of the used oligo RNA:

UAAUAGAGGUUGUCGAAGGCUGGGC (SEQ ID NO: 444)

Subject cell: ovarian cancer SKOv-3 cell

Verified antibody: 015-126 cp3 antibody

Subject antigen: IgSF4

Sequence of the used oligo RNA:

CCCAACAGGCAGACCAUUUAUUUCA (SEQ ID NO: 445)

Subject cell: hepatic cell carcinoma HLF cell

Verified antibody: 035-273 cp3 antibody Results are shown in FIGS. 19 to 23. FIG. 19 shows the results of RNAi in which CD147 is a subject antigen. FIG. 20 shows the results of RNAi in which CD166 is a subject antigen. FIG. 21 shows the results of RNAi in which HER1 is a subject antigen. FIG. 22 shows the results of RNAi in which HER2 is a subject antigen. FIG. 23 shows the results of RNAi in which IgSF4 is a subject antigen. As is apparent from these results, in any of the verified antibodies, in the cell population that had been subjected to RNAi, as compared with the cell population that had not been subjected to RNAi, the staining property by antibodies (i.e., reactivity) was significantly reduced. In this way, by RNAi experiment using oligo RNA for knocking down the corresponding antigen it is reconfirmed again that each of the isolated antibodies recognizes the identified antigen.

11. Investigation of Reactivity of Each Antibody by Cell Staining and Tissue Staining 11-1 Experiment Method (1) Cell Staining

Cells were dissociated from a culture dish by using 2 mg/ml collagenase I (Gibco BRL)/cell dissociation buffer (Gibco BRL), then collected by using 10% FBS/DMEM, and 1×105 of the cells were used. These were washed with 2.5% BSA, 0.05% NaN3/PBS (BSA solution), then suspended in 100 μl of 2.5% normal goat serum/BSA solution and left on ice for 30 minutes. Thereafter, cp3 type antibodies were added so that the concentration was 5 Hg/ml and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with a BSA solution once, then suspended in 100 μl of 5 μg/ml BSA solution of anti-cp3 mouse monoclonal antibody (Medical & Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd.) and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with a BSA solution once, then suspended in 1001i of 5 μg/ml BSA solution of ALEXA488 binding anti-mouse IgG goat antibody (Molecularprobe), and left on ice for one hour. This was washed with BSA solution twice, and then supernatant was discarded. To this, 501l of OptiLyse B (BECKMAN COULTER) was added and left at room temperature for ten minutes so as to fix the cells. To this, 950 μl of 1 ng DAPI/BSA solution was added, left at room temperature for 10 minutes, and subjected to centrifugation for collecting cells. The cells were mounted on MULTITEST SLIDE (ICN) and observed under microscopy.

(2) Tissue Staining (2-1) Preparation of Antibody Sample

E. coli solution cultured overnight (0.5 ml) was planted in 6 ml of 2×YTAI (2×YT, 200 μg/ml ampicillin sulfate, 0.5 mM IPTG), cultured overnight at 30° C. and centrifuged at 10000 rpm for 5 minutes by using a micro-centrifugal machine, and supernatant was recovered. To this, an equal amount of saturated ammonium sulfate was added and left at room temperature for 30 minutes. Then, it was centrifuged at room temperature at 10000 rpm for 5 minutes and supernatant was discarded. The obtained precipitates were suspended in 0.6 ml of PBS-0.05% NaN3, complete solution and centrifuged at 4° C. at 15000 rpm for 5 minutes, and supernatant was recovered.

(2) Production of Section

The extracted tissue was cut into about 5 mm×5 mm×10 mm, placed in 4% PFA/0.01% glutaraldehyde/0.1 Mcacodylic acid buffer (4° C.) (PFA is a product by Wako Pure Chemical Institute, glutaraldehyde is a product by KANTO CHEMICAL CO., INC., sodium cacodylate is a product by SIGMA). By using a microwave oven (SHARP), it was microwave-fixed. Then, it was fixed again in this fixation solution at 4° C. for one hour. Then, it was transferred into 10% sucrose/PBS and immersed therein at 4° C. for four hours, then substituted by 15% sucrose/PBS and immersed therein at 4° C. for four hours, and then substituted by 20% sucrose/PBS and immersed at one night. It was embedded in an OTC compound and rapidly frozen in dry ice/hexane. This was thinly cut into 4 μm thickness by using cryostat (Reichert-Jung 2800 FRIGCUT E), attached to silane coated slide glass (MATSUNAMI) and dried by using a cold wind drier for 30 minutes.

(2-3) Staining

The slide glass to which a section was attached was immersed in PBS three times for five minutes each so as to make hydrophilic. Next, 50 μl of 0.3% H2O2/0.1% NaN3 was dropped so as to cause a reaction at room temperature for ten minutes and blocking of endogenous peroxidase was carried out. Then, it was washed with PBS three times for five minutes each. Then, it was reacted in 2% BSA/PBS at room temperature for 10 minutes, and blocking of a non-specific reaction was carried out. Then, excess liquid was dropped off and 50 μl of antibody sample was dropped thereto so as to cause a reaction at room temperature for one hour, followed by washing with PBS three times for 5 minutes each. Next, 501l of anti-CP3 rabbit antibody (5 μg/ml) was dropped to cause a secondary antibody reaction at room temperature for 45 minutes, followed by washing with PBS three times for 5 minutes each. Then, 50 μl of peroxidase labeled dextran binding anti-rabbit immunoglobulin-goat polyclonal antibody (DAKO) was dropped so as to cause a tertiary antibody reaction. This was washed with PBS three times for 5 minutes each, and the 50 μl of DAB-H2O coloring solution was dropped. After the color became brown, this was transferred to a vat filled with distilled water so as to terminate the reaction. Thereafter, obtained product was washed with water for 10 minutes, followed by staining nuclear with hematoxylin. Thereafter, dehydration and penetration were carried out, encapsulation with marinol and observation under microscopy were carried out.

11-2 Experiment Results (1) Anti-HER1 Antibody Group (Group 1)

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, ovarian cancer cell line KF28, stomach cancer cell line SNU-5, lung squamous cell carcinoma line RERF-LC-AI, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-1, undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HLF, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PCI4, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, lung squamous cell carcinoma line EBC1, vulva mucosal epithelial cell line A431, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373, hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HepG2, cell line established from kidney clinical specimen

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • breast cancer cell line BT474, hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO

Cancers showing positive in the tissue staining:

    • kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, intrahepatic bile duct cancer, lung squamous cell cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, pancreas cancer
(2) Anti-HER2 Antibody Group (Group 2)

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line Calu-3, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, breast cancer cell line BT474

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • hepatic cell carcinoma cell line. HLF, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line 293T, hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, kidney and stomach cancer cell line CCFRC1, cell line established from kidney clinical specimen
(3) Anti-CD46 Antibody Group

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • large bowel cancer cell line CaCo2, stomach cancer cell line MKN45, undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HLF, liver cancer cell line HepG2, intrahepatic bile duct cell cancer cell line RBE, pancreas cancer cell line PANC1, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-H441, lung squamous cell cancer EBC1, stomach cancer cell line NCI-N87, stomach cancer cell line SNU-5, lung squamous cell carcinoma line RERF-LC-AI, hepatic cell carcinoma clinical specimen, breast cancer cell line BT474, kidney cancer cell line 293T, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO, vulva mucosal epithelial cell line A431

Cancers showing positive in the tissue staining:

    • kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, intrahepatic bile duct cancer, pulmonary adenocarcinoma, pancreas cancer

Specific expression of CD46 in intrahepatic bile duct cancer and pancreas cancer, which had not been particularly reported about the relationship with respect to CD46 was recognized.

(4) Anti-ITGA3 Antibody Group (Group 4)

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HLF, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line H1373, lung squamous cell cancer EBC1, vulva mucosal epithelial cell line A431, breast cancer cell line BT474, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PCI4, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, hepatic cell carcinoma cell line OCTH, intrahepatic bile duct cell cancer cell line RBE, pancreas cancer cell line PANC-1, pancreas cancer cell line MIA-Paca2, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line A549, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-N441, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line Calu-3, lung squamous cell carcinoma line RERF-LC-AI, stomach cancer cell line SNU5, stomach cancer cell line MKN45, stomach cancer cell line NCI-N87, large bowel cancer cell line CW2, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, ovarian cancer cell line KF-28, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-1, ovarian cancer cell line RMG-2

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • kidney cancer cell line 293T, hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HepG2, hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO

Cancers showing positive in the tissue staining:

    • intrahepatic bile duct cancer, pancreas cancer

Specific expression of ITGA3 in gallbladder and liver cancer and pancreas cancer, which had not been particularly reported about the relationship with respect to ITGA3 was recognized.

(5) Anti-ICAM I Antibody Group (Group 5)

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • Liver cancer cell line HepG2, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC14, cell line established from kidney clinical specimen

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • undifferentiated hepatic cell carcinoma cell line HLF, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, breast cancer cell line BT474, kidney cancer cell line 293T, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line PC 14, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO

Cancers showing positive in the tissue staining:

    • hepatic cell carcinoma
(6) Anti-ALCAM Antibody Group (Group 6)

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • Liver cancer cell line HepG2, OCTH, Hep3B, and HLF, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, CCFRC1, ACHN, 293T, and cell line established from clinical specimen, lung cancer cell line PC14, NCI-H441, EBC-1, RERF-LC-AI, A549, and H1373, ovarian cancer cell line SKOv3, KF-28, RMG1, and RMG2, stomach cancer cell line NCI-N87, large bowel cancer cell line CW2, breast cancer cell line BT474, acute myelocytic leukemia AMLclinical specimen, hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • vulva mucosal epithelial cell line A431

Cancers showing positive in the tissue staining:

    • kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, intrahepatic bile duct cancer, lung squamous cell cancer, alveolar cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma
    • Specific expression of ALCAM in kidney cancer, hepatic cell carcinoma, and gallbladder and liver cancer, which had not been particularly reported about the relationship with respect to ALCAM was recognized.
(7) Anti-CD147 Antibody Group (Group 7)

Cancers showing positive in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • liver cancer cell line HepG2, kidney cancer cell line CCFRC1, kidney cancer cell line ACHN, kidney cancer cell line Caki-1, pulmonary adenocarcinoma PCI4, cell line established from kidney cancer clinical specimen

Cancers showing negative in the cell line staining (containing FACS):

    • hamster ovarian cancer cell line CHO

Cancers showing positive in the tissue staining:

    • kidney cancer
    • Specific expression of CD147 in kidney cancer, which had not been particularly reported about the relationship with respect to CD147 was recognized.
12. Conversion into IgG Type Antibody 12-1 Construction of IgG Type Antibody Gene

In order to investigate the efficacy as an antibody medicine, a part of antibodies is converted into IgG type

Firstly, by using VH and VL genes of scFVcp3 type antibody, it is confirmed that there was not a restriction enzyme site necessary for cloning them to Fc region of IgG1 and the base sequence of the gene. PCR was carried out by using an antibody gene as a template and using a primer for amplifying the H chain and L chain were used. The amplified product was ligated to the downstream of CMV promoter of the IgG1 construction vector and a plasmid DNA containing an IgG type antibody gene was obtained.

12-2 Expression of IgG Type Antibody

For transfection of plasmid DNA into CHO-K1 cell, GenePORTER Reagent (Gene Therapy Systems: T201007) was used. Firstly, CHO-K1 cells were prepared in a 60 mm-culture dish the day before the transfection so that they became 2×104 cells/ml (a medium, in which α-MEM (Invitrogen: 12561-056) to which 10% FCS (Equitech: 268-1) had been added, was used).

The plasmid DNA (8 μg) was dissolved in 250 μL of serum free medium (hereinafter, abbreviate as “SFM”) (Invtrogen: 12052-098 CHO—S—SFMII)) and subjected to 0.22 μm filter. GenePORTER Reagent (40 μL) was added to SFM (250

The plasmid DNA and GenePORTER Reagent dissolved in SFM were rapidly stirred and stood still at room temperature for 30 minutes.

The cells were washed with SFM (2 ml) twice, and the plasmid DNA-GenePORTER mixture (Transfection Medium) was slowly poured in a plate containing cells and cultured in an incubator at 37° C. for five hours.

The medium for transfection was sucked and washed with αMEM 10% FCS twice, then 5 ml of αMEM 10% FCS was added, which was cultured in an incubator at 37° C. for 48 hours.

The medium was replaced by a medium (10 mL) of αMEM 10% FCS+700 μg/ml G418 (Sigma: G7034) and selection was started (hereinafter, as a medium, αMEM 110% FCS+700 μg/mL G418 was used). After cultured at 37° C. for 48 hours, cells were washed with PBS (10 mL), treated with 0.25% Trypsin-EDTA (Sigma T4049) (750 μL), αMEM (5 mL) was added. Then, cultured product was peeled off and recovered from the plate. The number of cells was measured. Based on the results, limiting dilution was carried out under the conditions of 10 cells/200 μL/well (two sheets of 96 well plates). After culturing for 14 days, ELISA was carried out by using a culture supernatant of each well and the expression of an IgG type antibody was confirmed.

12-3 Purification of Expression Protein (IgG) from Culture Supernatant

Protein G Sepharose 4 Fast Flow (amersham pharmacia biotech: 17-0618-01) (1 mL) was packed in a column and balanced in PBS (5 mL). The culture supernatant was applied, sent at the flow rate of 1 drop/2 seconds, and allowed the expressed protein (IgG) to be bonded to a column. PBS (10 mL) was sent at the flow rate of 1 drop/2 seconds, non-adsorbed components were washed, then 6 mL of elute buffer (0.2M glycine-HCl, pH 3) was sent at the flow rate of 1 drop/second, and 1 mL each of eluate was collected in a 1.5 ml tube. To the collection tube, neutralizing buffer (3M Tris-HCl) (400 μL) was added in advance. Neutralization was carried out at the same time of collection. The eluate was collected and concentrated to 750 μL, and solution substitution (PBS, complete, 0.01% NaN3) was carried out. Then, the concentration of the antibody protein was calculated by SDS-PAGE.

13. Experiment of Inhibition of Binding of EGF by Successfully Obtained Anti-HER1 Antibody (048-006 Antibody) 13-1 Experimental Procedure

A431 cells were cultured in 15φ culture dish (medium: DMEM containing 10% FBS and 1% PS), and the cells were peeled off with the use of cell dissociation buffer (GIBCO: 13151-014) and recovered at 90% confluence. Two ml of PBS containing 1.0% BSA and 0.05% NaN3 was added and the recovered cells were suspended. The suspension was stood still at 4° C. for 30 minutes and then 100 μl each (about 2.5×105 cells) was dispensed into each well of a 96-well V-bottom plate. It was centrifuged (650 G) for 2 minutes, and the cells were precipitated to remove the supernatant. Each antibody solution (HR1-007 [10 μg/ml], 48-006 [10 μg/ml, 5 μg/ml, 1 μg/ml], and 59-152 [10 μg/ml, 5 μg/ml, 1 μg/ml]) (200 μl), which had been prepared by using PBS containing 1.0% BSA, was added and the cells were suspended. The suspension was stood still at 4° C. for one hour, and then, biotin labeled EGF (biotinated EGF: 50 μg/ml) was added to each well so that the final concentration became 1 μg/ml, so that the cells were suspended. Note here that the biotinated EGF was produced by the following method. Firstly, to EGF (prepared to 1 mg/ml with PBS(−); AUSTRAL Biologicals: GF-010-5) (50 μl), EZ-Link Sulfo-NHS-LC-Biotin (prepared to 2 mg/ml with PBS(−); PIERCE: 21335) (25 μl) was added. After it was stood still at room temperature for 30 minutes, 1M glycine (pH=7.0 to 8.0) (10 μl) was added. After it was stood still at room temperature for 30 minutes, PBS(−) (15 μl) was added and stored at 4° C. (final concentration: 500 μg/ml). This was 10-fold diluted with PBS containing 1.0% BSA and used for experiment.

This was stood still at 4° C. for one hour, and centrifuged (650 G) for 2 minutes so as to remove the supernatant. PBS containing 1.0% BSA (180 μl) was added and centrifuged (650 G) for 2 minutes so as to remove the supernatant. HRP-labeled streptavidin (0.2 μg/ml (PBS containing 1.0% BSA); PIERCE: 21126) (100 μl) was added and cells were suspended at 4° C. for one hour, and centrifuged (650 G) for 2 minutes so as to remove the supernatant. PBS containing 1.0% BSA (180 μl) was added and centrifuged (650 G) for 2 minutes so as to remove the supernatant. This operation was carried out again. OPD (Wako: 154-01673) coloring solution (100 μl) was added and cells were suspended. After four minutes at room temperature, coloring stop solution (2NH2SO4) (100 μl) was added and centrifuged (650 G) for 2 minutes. Then, the supernatant was transferred to a flat-bottom plate. By using a plate reader, the absorbance at 192 nm (A492) was measured and represented by a numeric value.

13-2 Results

The results are shown in FIG. 24. HR1-007 as a control does not affect the binding of EGF. 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody inhibit the binding of EGF. 048-006 antibody can inhibit the binding of EGF substantially completely while 059-152 antibody cannot completely inhibit the binding even if the temperature is increased. Note here that 048-006 antibody shows an inhibition effect even at the low level of about 0.02 μg/ml (FIG. 24C).

The results suggest that the antagonism activity between each antibody (048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody) and EGF provides a part of the pharmacological effect such as anti-tumor property.

14. Experiment of Phosphorylation Signal Inhibition of HER1 by Successfully Obtained Anti-HER1 Antibody (048-006 Antibody)

By using a phosphorylation antibody, it was determined whether or not the successfully obtained anti-HER1 antibody (048-006 antibody) inhibited the phosphorylation signal of HER1. Specifically, by using three kinds of cells (renal cell carcinoma (CCF-RC1, Caki-1) and epidermoid cancer (A431)), the inhibition effect of 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody and the inhibition effect of ERBITUX were compared with each other.

14-1 Experimental Procedure

Each of cells was cultured in 6-well culture dish, and at 60% confluence, a medium (DMEM containing 10% FBS and 1% PS) was substituted to DMEM. After 16 hours, each antibody (HR1-007, 048-006, 059-152 (prepared to 2 mg/ml with PBS(−))) and ERBITUX were added to each well so that the final concentration became 10 μg/ml or 1 μg/ml. After 30 minutes, EGF (prepared to 20 μg/ml with PBS(−)) was added to each well so that the final concentration became 1 μg/ml. After 30 minutes, each well was washed with PBS(−) and quickly frozen together with the culture dish by using liquid nitrogen. To each well, lysis buffer (50 mM Tris (pH 7.4), 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM Na3VO4, 10 mM NaF, 1% Triton×100, complete (Roche: 11836145001)) were added, and the cells were suspended and transferred to centrifugation tube. Centrifugation (10000G) was carried out for 10 minutes so as to precipitate cell debris. A part of the supernatant was subjected to SDS-PAGE, which was transferred to a membrane. Western blotting using an anti-phosphorylation tyrosine antibody (11 g/ml; upstate: 05-321) or an anti-β-actin antibody (1 μg/ml; abcam: ab25139) as a primary antibody, and a secondary antibody reaction: HRP labeled anti-mouse IgG as a secondary antibody was carried out. A431 cells were required to be exposed to light for 1 to 2 seconds; CCF-RC1 for 10 seconds; and Caki-1 for one minute (there was originally large difference in cell sensitivity to external stimulation).

14-2 Results

The results are shown in FIG. 25 (A and B: the results of Western blotting using A431 cells; C to E: comparison effect of inhibiting HER1 phosphorylation signal between the successfully obtained antibody and ERBITUX). In CCF-RC1 and A-431 cell lines, HR1-007 as a control does not affect the phosphorylation signal of HER1. However, 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody inhibit signal in a concentration-dependent manner. 048-006 antibody can inhibits the binding of EGF substantially completely and also inhibit self phosphorylation of HER1 substantially completely. 059-152 antibody inhibits the binding of EGF about 50%. Furthermore, 059-152 antibody inhibits self phosphorylation of HER1 although it is weaker than 048-006 antibody. 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody have inhibition capabilities superior to that by ERBITUX. In particular, the inhibition capability of 048-006 antibody is remarkable.

The sensitivity to external stimulation by EGF differs depending upon the kinds of cells. Therefore, when a cell like Caki-1 that does not show sensitivity to external stimulation by EGF is used, the difference in signal inhibition effect by the antibody is not observed.

The results suggest that each antibody (048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody) has an activity of suppress the tyrosine kinase circuit of HER1 with respect to sensitive cells of HER1 by EGF, and exhibits pharmacological effects such as proliferation suppression and anti-tumor property.

15. Measurement of Binding Constant by BIAcore

As to the successfully obtained antibodies 048-006 and 059-152, the dissociation constant with respect to the expression Her1 was measured.

15-1 Experimental Procedure (1) Forced Expression of Partial Sequence of Her1

A sequence from a region after the signal of HER1 to immediately before the transmembrane region (621 amino acid of the expression sites from positions 26 to 645 (SEQ ID NO: 943) was cloned. For cloning and expression, a pSecTagII vector (Invitrogen) was used. When this vector is inserted, myc and his tags are added.

(2) Recovering of Expressed Cells

One 15φ-culture dish (80 confluent) in which 293T cells were cultured was prepared. The medium was replaced with new one so that cells were not peeled off, and then cultured. Thus, a state in which cells were aggregated at 90-100% confluence was formed. The day before recovering cells, final medium replacement was carried out. DNA (75 μl) was added to D-MEM (serum free) (1.9 ml) and subjected to tapping adjustment so as to make the solution A. Furthermore, Lipo (75 μl) was added to D-MEM (serum free) (1.9 ml) and subjected to tapping adjustment (50 ml, Falcon) so as to make the solution B.

One minute after the formation of the solution B, the solution B was added to the solution A by using a 5 ml-pipette, subjected to pipetting, and incubated at room temperature for 20 minutes. 22.5 ml of D-MEM (serum free) was measured and taken out into a 50 ml culture container (Falcon) and 2.5 ml of serum was added thereto, which was incubated at 37° C. for 15 minutes so as to obtain D-MEM (containing serum).

The medium was removed from a 15φ-culture dish in which 293T cells were aggregated, and D-MEM (serum free) (25 ml) was added along the wall of the dish carefully so that cells are not peeled off. The added D-MEM (serum free) was sucked by using an aspirator and D-MEM (containing serum) (25 ml) was added. Twenty minutes after D-MEM (containing serum) was formed, the mixture solution (3.8 ml) of solution A and solution B was added to the cells by using 25 ml-pipette and the cells were peeled off. The cells were separated from each other by pipetting, the cells were stood still in a CO2 incubator for 2 days. Two days after, the supernatant was recovered and subjected to protein purification.

(3) Secretory Protein Purification (Ni-NTA)

Ni-NTA agarose gel (QIAGEN) (2 ml) (bed volume of 1 ml) was packed in a column and balanced in PBS. Then, the culture supernatant recovered in (2) was applied thereto. A flow-through solution was again applied to a column. The column was washed with 5 ml of PBS, and eluted in stages with 20, 50, 100, 250, and 500 mM imidazole/PBS (5 ml each) so that the absorbance (280 nm)<0.005 was satisfied. Furthermore, it was eluted with 0.5M EDTA/PBS (10 ml). The solution was replaced by new one by dialysis so as to obtain BIAcore immobilized sample.

(4) BIAcore Measurement

The interaction between the antibody clone and the expressed Her1 was examined so as to determine KD (dissociation constant; kd/ka). For analysis, BIAcore 1000 biosensor device was used.

A carboxymethyldextran (Sensor Chip CM5, Research grade, BIACORE) sensor chip was used. With the electrostatic adsorption to a CM5 matrix and a covalent linkage between a lysyl group on CM5 and an activated carboxyl group, antigen (Her1) was immobilized on the chip. By EDC/NHS coupling chemical reaction, a carboxyl group was activated.

In the condition of HBS-EP (BIACORE) at a flow rate of 5 μL/minute by using EDC/NHS (amine coupling kit, BIACORE was mixed with equal amount of EDC and NHS), after the lysyl group on CM5 was activated (contact time: 2.4 minutes), chip was washed with HBS-EP (BIACORE). Subsequently, Her1 (20 μg/mL: Sigma, 0.6 mg protein/ml was diluted with 10 mM acetic acid (pH 4.0)) was added to the chip. The chip was washed with HBS-EP, then, 1M ethanolamine (pH 8.5) was added so as to deactivate the remaining activated carboxyl group. Thereafter, the chip was washed with 50 mM NaOH so as to remove all Her1 that were not linked covalently. Note here that all the analysis experiments were carried out under the conditions of HBS-EP (BIACORE) at a flow rate of 35 μl/minute at 25° C. Reproduction was carried out by using 50 mM NaOH (one minute).

059-152 antibody or 048-006 antibody were reacted at each concentration shown in the figure and HBS-EP at flow rate of 35 μl/minute, so that the binding constant was analyzed.

15-2 Results

The results are shown in FIG. 26. 048-006 antibody shows extremely strong binding force of more than KD=10−11 (M) at every measurement point. The actual value of Global fitting based on each detection value was 4.8×10−13 (M). This is beyond the reliable measurement limit of BIAcore. As to 059-152 antibody, a bond dissociation curve cannot be detected. This is thought to be because this antibody cannot recognize the higher-order structure of artificially produced forced expression product. In other words, it is suggested that this antibody recognize a higher-order structure of a complex or a higher-order structure that can be observed only on an intact membrane.

16. Cytotoxicity test of anti-HER1 antibody, anti-HER2 antibody, anti-ITGA3 antibody, Anti-ALCAM Antibody, and Anti-ICAM Antibody (ADCC Activity Measurement)

Antibody-Dependent Cell-mediated Cytotoxicity (ADCC) is an immune reaction of killing and attacking cells harmful to a human body, for example, virus infected cells, in which “effector cells” mainly consisting of natural-killer cell or monocyte attacks cells to which antibodies are bonded widely on the membrane surface as a target. The cytotoxicity by ADCC occurs depending upon the combination of an antibody specifically bonded to a surface of the cell membrane antigen and an effector cell.

Some of antibodies specifically bonded to a tumor surface antigen have an anti-tumor effect and a therapeutic effect to cancer and sold as antibody medicine. It has been reported that the main mechanism of action of these antibodies are ADCC. Then, in order to evaluate whether or not the cancer antigen specific antibodies successfully isolated by the present inventor have an anti-tumor effect, that is, they have promising as a cancer treatment antibody, the detection of ADCC was carried out. In the below-mentioned experiments, human IgG type antibody clone recognizing a subject antigen is reacted to a target cell to present it to an effector cell. In the detection of ADCC, the degree of cytotoxicity is calculated by using a cytotoxicity detection kit which, in principle, detects the enzymatic activity of lactate dehydrogenase leaking into the medium from the target cancer cell attached by the effector cell by using the coloring of the reagent.

16-1 Induction of ADCC I (Case of 015-003 Antibody as Anti-ITGA3 Antibody: scFVcp3 Type Antibody is Used)

Regarding 015-003 antibody as anti-ITGA3 antibody, a scFVcp3 type antibody was used and the ADCC activity was investigated by an assay combining an anti-M13 pIII rabbit antibody. Furthermore, liver cancer HLF cell is used as the target subject cultured cell. The operation procedure is described below.

(1) By the following procedures, peripheral blood is collected from a volunteer and mononucleosis is separated. Firstly, heparin-added peripheral blood (30 ml) collected from a volunteer is diluted with PBS to 80 ml and superposed quietly on 10 ml each of lymphocyte isolation reagent Ficoll Paque Plus (Amersham Bioscience), which have been dispensed in four centrifugation tubes, and centrifuged (400×g, 20° C. for 40 minutes). The mononucleosis fractions (including lymphocyte and monocyte) are recovered, diluted with cooled PBS to 80 ml and centrifuged (200×g, 4° C. for 15 minutes).

(2) (1) is suspended in a cooled cytotoxicity test medium (Cytotoxic Medium, hereinafter, abbreviated as “CTM”, RPMI-1640 medium, 1% (v/v) fetal calf serum, 1% (v/v) Penicillin-Streptomycin Solution, 1% (v/v) 1M HEPES buffer (pH 7.0): Invitrogen) so that the final density becomes 5.0×106 cells/ml to obtain an effector cell.

(3) In a culture dish having a diameter of 150 mm, a target subject cultured cell is grown in a culture medium I (Minimum Essential Medium Alpha Medium:Invitrogen, 10% (v/v) fetal calf serum: Equitic-Bio, 1% (v/v) Penicillin-Streptomycin Solution Sigma-Aldrich). A liquid medium is removed and cells are washed with PBS (10 ml) twice so as to remove the solution. Thereafter, 4% (w/v) collagenase Type IV (Invitrogen) (5 ml) is added and stored keeping warm at 37° C. for 10 minutes, so that cells are peeled off from the culture dish. Furthermore, 5 ml of liquid medium 2 (RPMI-1640, 10% (v/v) fetal calf serum, 1% (v/v) Penicillin—Streptomycin Solution:Sigma-Aldrich) (RPMI-1640: Sigma-Aldrich, 10% fetal calf serum, 1% penicillin-streptomycin solution) is added to stop a collagenase reaction. Then, suspended cells are recovered to obtain cell suspension.

(4) The cell density of the cell suspension of (3) is measured. The supernatant is removed by centrifugation and the cells are suspended in a cooled CTM medium so that the final density becomes 1.5×105 cells/ml.
(5) 100 μl each of target cells is dispensed in a 96-well V-bottom multi plate on ice.
(6) 2 μg/ml scFv-pIII phage antibody-CTM solution (100 μl each) is dispensed and reacted on ice for 60 minutes.
(7) Centrifugation (Swing rotor: 500×g, 4° C. for 10 min) is carried out to remove the supernatant.
(8) Cell pellet is suspended in 5 μg/ml anti-M13 pill rabbit polyclonal antibody-CTM solution (150 μl each), a part of 100 μl is transferred to a 96-well U-bottom multi plate.
(9) The effector cell of (2) (or 2% Triton X-100-CTM solution) is added and then centrifuged (Swing rotor: 50×g, 4° C. for 5 min).
(10) Reaction is carried out in 5% CO2 at 37° C. for 4 hours.
(11) After the reaction, centrifugation (Swing rotor: 500×g, 4° C. for 10 min) is carried out and the supernatant (100 μl) is transferred to a flat-bottom 96 well multi plate.
(12) LDH activity measurement reagent (Roche) (100 μl) is added and reaction is carried out at room temperature for 30 min.
(13) OD490 and OD690 are measured by using a micro plate absorptiometer.
16-2 Induction of ADCC 2 (case of 048-006 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody, 015-126 antibody as anti-HER2 antibody, 066-174 antibody, 035-234 antibody and 041-118 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody, 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody and 053-085 antibody as anti-ICAM1 antibody, 067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody, 067-133 antibody as anti-HGFR antibody: IgG type antibody is used)

Regarding 048-006 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody, an IgG type antibody was used and the ADCC activity was investigated. A-431 and A549 (epidermoid tumor), ACHN and CCF-RC-1 (kidney cancer), NCI-H1373 (lung cancer), as well as SK-OV-3 (ovarian cancer) were used as the target subject cultured cell.

Also regarding 015-126 antibody as anti-HER2 antibody, an IgG type antibody was used, and the ADCC activity was investigated. Breast cancer BT-474 was used as the target subject cultured cell.

Regarding 066-174 antibody and 035-234 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody, an IgG type antibody was used, and the ADCC activity was investigated. NCI-H1373 (pulmonary adenocarcinoma), CW2 (large bowel cancer), or NCI-H441 (lung cancer) was used as the target subject cultured cell.

Regarding 053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody and 053-085 antibody as anti-ICAM1 antibody, an IgG type antibody was used, and the ADCC activity was investigated. HepG2 (hepatic cell carcinoma) and NCI-H441 (lung cancer) were used as the target subject cultured cell.

Furthermore, regarding the effect of 048-006 antibody or 059-152 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody on CCF-RC-1 (kidney cancer), NCI-H1373 (lung cancer) and A-431 (epidermoid cancer), the antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity was investigated so that the final concentration of the IgG type antibody was in the range from 0.01 to 10 μg/ml.

Regarding 041-118 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody, an IgG type antibody was used and the antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity was investigated. NCI-H1373 (pulmonary adenocarcinoma) was used as the target subject cultured cell.

Regarding 067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody, an IgG type antibody was used and the antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity was investigated. MKN-45 (solid-type gastric adenocarcinoma), HT-29 (colon adenocarcinoma) and NCI-H1373 (lung cancer) were used as the target subject cultured cell.

Regarding 067-133 antibody as anti-HGFR antibody, an IgG type antibody was used and the antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity was investigated. NCI-H1373 (lung cancer) was used as antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity.

The antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity was basically measured at the E/T Ratio (ratio of effector cell:target cell) of 80:1 at final antibody concentration in the solution of 0.01 μg/ml to 10 μg/ml or 10−6 μg/ml to 10 μg/ml.

At each measurement point, the antibody and the effector cell were added to the target cell, and four hours later, the ADCC activity was measured. Regarding NCI-H1373, the ADCC activity was measured at the E/T Ratio of 100:1.

The operation procedure was carried out in accordance with the procedures described in 16-1. The detail of the reaction was made to be as follows. 66 μl/well of the target cells (2×104 cells) were placed in 96-well U-bottom plate (Becton Dickinson) and 66 μl of IgG type antibody (3 μg/ml) was added and then 66 μl of peripheral blood mononucleosis suspension (7.5×105 cells) was added. The E/T

Ratio (ratio of effector cell:target cell) was made to be 20. In order to promote the association of cells, centrifugation (60×g, 4° C., 5 minutes) so as to allow the cells to sink, which was stored keeping warm 240 minutes in a culture container that had been set to the conditions of 37° C. and 5% CO2. Thus ADCC reaction was induced. Each antibody sample was prepared as a CTM solution. Furthermore, in each sample, CTM was used as a negative control and target cell to which 100 μl of 2% Triton X-100-CTM solution was added was used as a control of maximum liberation of lactate dehydrogenase (cells had been destroyed by Triton X-100 in advance). Furthermore, three wells were used for each experiment groups.

16-3 Measurement of ADCC Activity

In both the assay using a scFVcp3 type antibody and assay using an IgG type antibody, the ADCC activity was an indicator of the damage to the target cell, which is in proportion to the degree of coloring, that is, the concentration of lactate dehydrogenase liberating to the culture supernatant. Thirty minutes after the coloring starts, absorbance (OD490-OD620 (background absorbance)) was measured by using a spectrophotometer. In each experiment group, absorbance values in the three wells were averaged to calculate the cytotoxic Index. In advance, the absorbance of only a medium was subtracted and the calculation was carried out by the following calculation equation.


Relative LDH activity=OD490−OD690


LDH activity derived from cell=experimental value−(control containing only solution)


Cytotoxicity (%)=(experimental value−effector cell control−target cell control)/(cell+Triton X-100 control−target cell control)×100  [Equation 1]

Note here that when the antibody does not have any cytotoxic activity, the cytotoxicity calculated by this method may be minus value due to a measurement error because the measurement is carried in experiments using the living body components.

16-4 Measurement Result

The measurement results of the ADCC activity are shown in FIG. 27 (anti-ITGA3 antibody was used; the target culture cell was HLF), FIG. 28 (anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was A-431), FIG. 29 (anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was A549), FIG. 30 (anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was ACHN), FIG. 31 (anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was CCF-RC-1), FIG. 32 (anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 33 (anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was SK-OV-3), FIG. 34 (anti-HER2 antibody was used; the target culture cell was BT-474), FIG. 35 (066-174 as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373, CW2, or NCI-H441), FIG. 36 (035-234 as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was CW2 or NCI-H441), FIG. 37 (053-051 as anti-ICAM1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H441 and HepG2), FIG. 38 (053-059 as anti-ICAM1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H441 and HepG2), and FIG. 39 (053-085 as anti-ICAM1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H441 and HepG2). I

The measurement results of the antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity are shown in FIG. 40 (048-006 or 059-152 antibody as anti-HER I antibody was used; the target culture cell was CCF-RC-1), FIG. 41 (048-006 or 059-152 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 42 (048-006 or 059-152 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was A-431), FIG. 43 (041-118 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 44 (067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was MKN-45), FIG. 45 (067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was HT-29), FIG. 46 (067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), and FIG. 47 (067-133 antibody as anti-HGFR antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373).

Similarly, the measurement results of the antibody dosage dependence of the ADCC activity are shown in FIG. 48 (055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was CCF-RC1), FIG. 49 (048-006 antibody, 059-152 antibody, 055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was HT-29), FIG. 50 (048-006 antibody, 055-147 antibody or 059-173 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was A431), FIG. 51 (048-006 antibody or 059-152 antibody as anti-HER1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was ACHN), FIG. 52 (035-234 antibody or 066-174 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 53 (035-234 antibody or 066-174 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was target cell SKOv3), FIG. 54 (035-234 antibody or 066-174 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was CW-2), FIG. 55 (041-118 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was EBC-1), FIG. 56 (080-040 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 57 (053-042 antibody as anti-ICAM1 antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 58 (053-051 antibody, 053-059 antibody or 053-085 antibody as anti-ICAM I antibody was used; the target culture cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 59 (067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody was used; the target culture cell was EBC-1), FIG. 60 (067-133 antibody as anti-HGFR antibody was used; the target culture cell was MKN-45), FIG. 61 (067-133 antibody as anti-HGFR antibody was used; the target culture cell was EBC-1), FIG. 62 (015-003 antibody as anti-ITGA3 antibody was used; the target culture cell was ACHN), FIG. 63 (059-053 antibody as anti-CD147 antibody was used; the target culture cell was CCF-RC1), FIG. 64 (059-053 antibody as anti-CD147 antibody was used; the target culture cell was ACHN), FIG. 65 (064-044 antibody or 079-085 antibody as anti-PTP-LAR antibody was used; the target culture cell was PC-14), and FIG. 66 (064-003 antibody as anti-CD44 antibody was used; the target culture cell was PC-14).

In any of anti-ITGA3 antibody (015-003), anti-HER1 antibody (048-006) and anti-HER2 antibody (015-126), anti-CD44 antibody (064-003), the cytotoxicity was increased in the experiment groups in which the effector cell was added. That is to say, in any of the antibodies, the cytotoxic activity caused by the effector cell that recognizes an antibody to which a target cell has been specifically-bound and attacks the target cell was observed.

Note here that an anti-habu venom antibody (control antibody) HR1-007 that is not related to the surface antigen or the experiment group in which the antibody clone is not added, the increase in the cytotoxicity is not observed. In any of anti-ALCAM antibodies (066-174, 035-234, 041-118, and 083-040), anti-ICAM1 antibody (053-051, 053-059, 053-085, and 053-042), and anti-CD147 antibody (059-053), the cytotoxicity is increased more significantly than in the anti-habu venom antibody (control antibody) HR1-007 experiment group. As mentioned above, it is clearly shown that the antibody dependent cytotoxicity is higher than that of the control antibody (HR1-007) with a significant difference.

From the above-mentioned results, it has been confirmed that an antibody capable of specifically recognizing a cancer cell and exhibiting a damaging effect by the ADCC activity has been obtained for each of HER1, HER2, ITGA3, ALCAM, ICAM, CD44, CD147, EPCAM and HGFR. In other words, an antibody that is a promising as the antibody medicine targeting each of cancer cells has been obtained.

In the results of the antibody dosage dependence test, anti-HER1 antibody (048-006) shows a significant effect even if the dosage is 0.01 μg/ml. It is determined that the effect is expected with low dosage.

It is observed that the 048-006 antibody and 059-152 antibody tend to have a strong ADCC activity in the cell line in which HER1 is expressed. However, the activity differs depending upon the concentration range of the antibody to be used or the kinds of antibodies. To A431 cell, with 0.001 Hg/ml, the difference in the activity was observed. Generally, in the low concentration range, the activity of 059-152 antibody was more significant than that of 048-006 antibody. Furthermore, 055-147 antibody and 059-173 antibody shows higher ADCC activity than ERBITUX™ that is commercially available drug and is more useful.

Furthermore, 067-153 antibody as anti-EpCAM antibody shows an excellent ADCC activity to MKN-45 (solid-type gastric adenocarcinoma) cell line at the concentration of 0.01 μg/ml or more, and it shows an excellent ADCC activity to HT-29 (colon adenocarcinoma) cell line at the concentration of 10 μg/ml or more with an amazing score of 80% or more in the ADCC activity in the concentration range of about 1 μg/ml. It shows an amazing score of 50% or more in the ADCC activity in NCI-H1373 (pulmonary adenocarcinoma) cell line at the concentration of 0.01 μg/ml or more.

Furthermore, 041-118 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody shows a remarkable effect to NCI-H1373 (pulmonary adenocarcinoma) cell line at the concentration of 0.01 μg/ml or more. It is determined that the effect can be expected with low dosage.

Furthermore, 066-174 antibody as anti-ALCAM antibody shows high ADCC activity to various cells such as NCI-H1373 (pulmonary adenocarcinoma) cell line, SKOv3 (ovarian cancer) cell line, and CW-2 (large bowel cancer) cell line. Wide application is expected.

Furthermore, 067-133 antibody as anti-HGFR antibody shows a remarkable effect to NCI-H1373 (pulmonary adenocarcinoma) cell line at the concentration of 0.01 μg/ml or more with strong activity of 40% or more at the concentration of 10 μg/ml or more.

Furthermore, 059-053 antibody as anti-CD147 antibody shows an excellent ADCC effect to CCF-RC1 (kidney cancer) cell line and ACHN (kidney cancer) cell line, which shows near the upper limit value at the low concentration. Therefore, it can be expected to show the maximum activity at a low concentration.

From the above-mentioned results, it is confirmed that a promising antibody group showing a sufficient ADCC activity even with low dosage (at low concentration) can be obtained successfully. Also in the similar experiments using a plurality of lymphocyte fractions derived from human, the same results as mentioned above can be obtained. The high reproducibility is confirmed.

17. Cancer Cell Proliferation Inhibition Test

Some antibody medicines exhibit the efficacy by an effect of inhibiting the proliferation of cancer instead of the ADCC effect (or in addition to the ADCC effect). Thus, in order to further investigate the efficacy of antibody medicine, the activity of inhibiting the proliferation of cancer by antibodies that have been successfully isolated have been investigated according to the following procedure.

17-1 Testing Method

(1) Target culture cells that have grown in a culture dish are peeled off with 4% Collagenase and suspended in the used medium.
(2) The cell density is measured and then the supernatant is removed by centrifugation and suspended in a RPMI-1640 (10% FBS, 1% Penicillin—Streptomycin) medium so that the final density is 1.0×104 cells/ml.
(3) 100 μl each of target cells is dispensed in a flat-bottom 96 well multi plate.
(4) 100 μl each of 20 μg/ml human IgG monoclonal antibody solution is dispensed.
(5) Reaction is carried out in 5% CO2 at 37° C. for 5 days.
(6) Medium is removed, and living cell measurement reagent (XTT: Roche) is dispensed in each well (150 μl each).
(7) Reaction is carried out in 5% CO2 at 37° C. for 4 hours.
(8) After reaction, OD490 and OD690 are measured by using a micro plate absorptiometer. Then, the number of living cells is calculated according to the following equation.


XTT reduction amount (degree of coloring)=OD490−OD690


XTT reducing activity derived from cells=(experimental value)−(control value using only a solution)  [Equation 2]

Note here that the XTT reducing activity derived from cells is in proportion to the number of living cells.

17-2 Results

The results are shown in FIG. 67 (anti-HER1 antibody (048-006) was used; the target subject cultured cell was A-431), FIG. 68 (anti-HER1 antibody (048-006) was used; the target subject cultured cell was ACHN), FIG. 69 (anti-HER1 antibody (048-006) was used; the target subject cultured cell was NCI-H1373), FIG. 70 (anti-HER1 antibody (048-006) was used; the target subject cultured cell wasSK-OV-3), and FIG. 71 (anti-HER2 antibody (015-126) was used; the target subject cultured cell was BT-474).

As is apparent from these drawings, it is confirmed that the antibodies inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cell can be successfully obtained. In other words, it is shown that these antibodies may be effective as antibody medicine of suppressing the proliferation of cancer cells.

18. Antitumor Experiment Using Mouse

Next, whether or not the antibodies that have been successfully isolated show an anti-tumor activity in vivo is confirmed by using a cancer cell-transplanted mouse.

18-1 Animals and Cell Line to be Used

Four-week old female BALB/c nude mouse (Charles River Japan) was acclimated and bred for one week and then used for experiment. The animals were bred under the SPF environment and fed with sterilized water and feed.

Human lung cancer cell H1373 or epidermoid tumor A-431, which had been subcultured in a RPMI medium containing 10% FBS at 37° C. in the presence of 5% CO2, were used.

18-2 Method of Antitumor Experiment

Human lung cancer cells, H1373 cells (1×107 cells) were transplanted in the dorsolateral subcutaneous portion of a nude mouse so as to produce a tumor. At the time the tumor volume was 1 cm3, the tumor was cut into a size of 3 mm×3 mm, and is was successive-transplanted to the dorsal subcutaneous portion of the prepared nude mouse. After transplantation, when a volume of the tumor was estimated to be 200 mm3, administration of the antibody was started. The diameter of the tumor and body weight were measure twice a week, estimated tumor volume was calculated from the equation: W=a×b2/2 (W: estimated tumor volume (mm3), a: major axis (mm), b: minor axis (mm)). The experiment group was divided into a control group (PBS was administered) and 048-006 IgG administered group (0.5 mg/individual). The administration pathway was made to be an intraperitoneal administration. Administration was carried out twice a week eight times in total. Then, the anti-tumor effect was examined.

Furthermore, ERBITUX (Cetuximab, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company) was used as a comparative group or an additivity examining group. When ERBITUX is used singly, the dosage amount was made to be 0.25 mg/individual. ERBITUX was used together with 048-006 IgG, the dosage amount of ERBITUX was made to be 0.25 mg/individual and the dosage amount of 048-006 IgG was made to be 0.25 mg/individual. After administration, the follow-up was carried out.

When epidermoid tumor A-431 is used, epidermoid tumors A-431 (5×106) were similarly transplanted in the dorsolateral subcutaneous portion of a five-week old female BALB/c nude mouse nude mouse so as to produce a tumor. At the time the tumor volume was estimated to be 200 mm3, administration of the antibody was started. The administration pathway was made to be an intraperitoneal administration. 048-006 IgG type antibody was administered twice a week six times in total. Then, the anti-tumor effect was examined. 059-152 IgG type antibody administered group (0.25 mg or 1.00 mg of antibody was diluted in 0.5 ml PBS/individual) twice a week six times in total. Then, the anti-tumor effect was examined. And the follow up was also carried out.

18-3 Results

In the antibody (048-006 IgG type antibody) administered group, estimated tumor volume was significantly reduced as compared with the control group (PBS was administered), showing a clear anti-tumor effect. It was confirmed that the effect was comparative to ERBITUX (see FIGS. 72 to 75). On the other hand, in the antibody (059-152 IgG type antibody) administered group, estimated tumor volume was significantly reduced as compared with the control group (PBS was administered), showing a clear anti-tumor effect. The effect was more excellent than that of ERBITUX (see FIG. 75). 059-152 antibody shows stronger tumor suppression effect than 048-006 antibody and commercially available ERBITUX. Thus, it was confirmed that the successfully obtained antibodies exhibited the anti-tumor effect in also in vivo model. In other words, they are shown to be an extremely promising as the antibody medicine.

19. Analysis by Three Dimensional ELISA

(1) Expression of Antibody by Culturing Screened Clone Group and Preparation of Antibody Mixture

Clones (about 4000 clones) of phage-infected E. coli, which were screened by the methods described in 1 to 5, were transferred to 41 sheets of 96-well plates at 1 clone/well, and they were shaking cultured in 100 μl/well YTGA medium (YT medium+1% Glucose+200 μg/ml Ampicillin) at 30° C. overnight. Next, 10 μl each of culture solution was mixed in all wells of the first to sixth columns for each plate to make one group (however, as to the 28th plate, the first to seventh columns are made to be one group). Forty-one plates of the mixed antibodies were obtained in total. As to 7th to 12th columns were also made into one group (excluding the 28th plate and 35th plate). Thirty-nine plates of the mixed antibodies in total were obtained. Furthermore, after the plates were divided into 7 groups (3, 6 or 7 sheets per group), for each group, 10 μl each of culture solution was mixed in all wells in each row and they were made to one group. Thus, 56 rows of the mixed antibodies in total were obtained. Finally, after the plates were divided into 5 groups (3, 9 or 10 sheets per group), for each group, 10 μl each of culture solution was mixed in all wells in each column and they were made to one group. Thus, 54 columns of the mixed antibodies in total (in a part, two columns were made to one group) were obtained.

A YT0.05GA medium (YT medium+0.05% Glucose+200 μg/ml Ampicillin) (100 ml) was added to each mixed antibody, and shaking cultured at 30° C. until OD600 nm was about 0.3 to 0.5. Thereafter, IPTG was added so that the final concentration was 0.5 mM and further shaking cultured at 30° C. The mixture was centrifuged at 10000 rpm at 4° C. for 15 minutes, and the culture supernatant was recovered. Then, ammonium sulfate (29.1 g) was slowly added and mixed, mixture was centrifuged at 10000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 minutes, and sediment was recovered. The sediment was suspended in 5 ml of PBS/NaN3/complete. The suspension was centrifuged at 10000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 minutes, and the culture supernatant was recovered. Thus, 20-fold concentrated mixed antibodies (190 types) were obtained.

(2) Measurement by Three-Dimensional ELISA

Three dimensional ELISA was carried out by using the obtained 20-fold concentrated mixed antibodies (190 types). Firstly, 50 μl/well of antigen whose concentration was adjusted to be 20 μg/ml with PBS was added to Maxisorp (Nunc) and reacted at 37° C. for two hours to be sensitized. After the liquid in each well was removed, 5% skim milk/PBS (200 μg/well) was added and reacted at 37° C. for two hours for blocking. The liquid in each well was removed and washed with PBS, and 20-fold concentrated mixed antibody (100 μl/well) was added and reacted at 37° C. for one hour. The reacted product was washed with PBS, and a rabbit anti-cp3 antibody (MBL) that had been 5000-fold diluted with 0.05% Tween/PBS was added (100 μl/well) and reacted at 37° C. for one hour. The mixture was washed with PBS, and an HRP labeled goat anti-rabbit IgG antibody (MBL) that had been 2000-fold diluted with 0.05% Tween/PBS was added (100 μl/well) and reacted at 37° C. for one hour. The reacted product was washed with PBS and a substrate solution (100 μl/well) was added. The substrate solution was produced as followed. That is to say, to 12 ml of 0.1 M citric acid-disodium hydrogen-phosphate (pH 5.1), H2O2 was added so that the final concentration became 0.01% and furthermore, OPD tablet (Wako Pure Chemical) was added.

2N sulfuric acid (100 μl/well) was added to stop the reaction and the absorbance at 492 nm was measured by using a plate reader (Wako Pure Chemical, SUNRISE Remote).

The measurement results are shown in FIGS. 79 to 81 (ELISA using CK147 as an antigen) and FIGS. 82 to 84 (ELISA using HER1 as an antigen).

Based on the results of the above-mentioned three dimensional ELISA, positive clones were selected. That is to say, from information of plate, row and column providing positive results, intersection point was searched and antibody clones existing in the intersection point were selected. The selected antibody clones were shaking cultured in 75 μl/well YTGA medium at 30° C. overnight. In 200 μl/well YT0.05GA medium, the culture solution was plated and standing cultured at 37° C. for four hours. Thereafter, IPTG was added so that the final concentration became 1 mM and shaking cultured at 30° C. overnight. The culture was centrifuged at 3000 rpm at 4° C. for 10 minutes and the culture supernatant was recovered.

(3) Reactivity of Selected Antibody Clones

50 μl/well of antigen (CD147 or HER1) whose concentration was adjusted to be 10 μg/ml with PBS was added to Maxisorp (Nunc) and reacted at 37° C. for two hours to be sensitized. After the liquid in each well was removed, 5% skim milk/PBS (200 μl/well) was added and reacted at 37° C. for two hours for blocking. The liquid in each well was removed and washed with PBS. The culture supernatant of the selected clones (100 μl/well) was added and reacted at 37° C. for one hour. The reacted product was washed with PBS, and a rabbit anti-cp3 antibody (MBL) that had been 5000-fold diluted with 0.05% Tween/PBS was added (1001l/well) and reacted at 37° C. for one hour. The mixture was washed with PBS, and an HRP labeled goat anti-rabbit IgG antibody (MBL) that had been 2000-fold diluted with 0.05% Tween/PBS was added (100 μl/well) and reacted at 37° C. for one hour. The reacted product was washed with PBS and a substrate solution (100 μl/well) was added. 2N sulfuric acid (100 μl/well) was added to stop the reaction and the absorbance at 492 nm was measured by using a plate reader (Wako Pure Chemical, SUNRISE Remote). The results of ELISA using HER1 as an antigen is show in FIG. 85. As is apparent from the graph of FIG. 85, a large number of monoclonal antibodies to HER1 were obtained.

20. Newly Obtained Antibodies

By using the classifying method and identification method of the present invention, it was possible to obtain the following antibodies successfully.

(1) Antibody to C1qR

070-016 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 451 (VH); SEQ ID NO: (VH CDR1) 452; SEQ ID NO: 453 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 454 (VH CDR3), SEQ ID NO: 455 (VL); SEQ ID NO: (VL CDR1) 456; SEQ ID NO: 457 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 458 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 843 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 844 (VL)

(2) Antibody to CD44

064-003 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 459 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 460 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 461 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 462 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 463 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 464 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 465 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 466 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 845 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 846 (VL)

(3) Antibody to CD73

067-213 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 467 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 468 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 469 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 470 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 471 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 472 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 473 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 474 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 847 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 848 (VL)

(4) Antibody to EpCAM

067-153 Antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 475 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 476 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 477 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 478 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 479 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 480 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 481 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 482 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 849 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 850 (VL)

(5) Antibody to HER1

048-040 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 483 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 484 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 485 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 486 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 487 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 488 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 489 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 490 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 851 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 852 (VL)

054-101 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 491 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 492 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 493 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 494 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 495 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 496 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 497 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 498 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 853 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 854 (VL)

055-147 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 499 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 500 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 501 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 502 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 503 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 504 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 505 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 506 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 855 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 856 (VL)

059-173 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 507 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 508 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 509 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 510 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 511 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 512 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 513 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 514 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 857 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 858 (VL)

067-149 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 515 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 516 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 517 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 518 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 519 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 520 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 521 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 522 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 859 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 860 (VL)

067-176 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 523 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 524 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 525 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 526 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 527 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 528 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 529 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 530 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 861 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 862 (VL)

(6) Antibody to HER2

015-044 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 531 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 532 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 533 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 534 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 535 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 536 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 537 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 538 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 863 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 864 (VL)

015-102 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 539 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 540 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 541 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 542 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 543 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 544 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 545 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 546 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 865 (VH); and SEQ ID NO: 866 (VL)

015-136 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 547 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 548 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 549 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 550 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 551 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 552 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 553 (VL CDR2); and SEQ ID NO: 554 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 867 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 868 (VL)

015-143 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 555 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 556 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 557 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 558 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 559 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 560 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 561 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 562 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 869 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 870 (VL)

015-209 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 563 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 564 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 565 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 566 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 567 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 568 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 569 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 570 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 871 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 872 (VL)

039-016 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 571 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 572 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 573 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 574 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 575 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 576 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 577 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 578 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 873 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 874 (VL)

053-216 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 579 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 580 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 581 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 582 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 583 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 584 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 585 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 586 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 875 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 876 (VL)

075-024 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 587 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 588 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 589 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 590 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 591 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 592 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 593 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 594 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 877 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 878 (VL)

075-110 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 595 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 596 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 597 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 598 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 599 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 600 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 601 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 602 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 879 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 880 (VL)

086-032 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 603 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 604 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 605 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 606 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 607 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 608 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 609 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 610 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 881 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 882 (VL)

086-035 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 611 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 612 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 613 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 614 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 615 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 616 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 617 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 618 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 883 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 884 (VL)

086-036 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 619 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 620 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 621 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 622 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 623 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 624 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 625 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 626 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 885 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 886 (VL)

086-061 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 627 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 628 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 629 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 630 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 631 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 632 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 633 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 634 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 887 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 888 (VL)

086-138 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 635 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 636 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 637 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 638 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 639 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 640 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 641 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 642 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 889 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 890 (VL)

086-182 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 643 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 644 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 645 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 646 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 647 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 648 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 649 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 650 (VL CDR3,

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 891 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 892 (VL)

(7) Antibody to HGFR 067-126 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 651 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 652 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 653 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 654 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 655 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 656 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 657 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 658 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 893 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 894 (VL)

067-133 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 659 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 660 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 661 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 662 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 663 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 664 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 665 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 666 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 895 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 896 (VL)

067-287 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 667 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 668 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 669 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 670 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 671 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 672 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 673 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 674 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 897 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 898 (VL)

(8) Antibody to ITGA3

064-002 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 675 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 676 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 677 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 678 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 679 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 680 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 681 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 682 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 899 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 900 (VL)

064-006 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 683 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 684 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 685 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 686 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 687 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 688 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 689 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 690 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 901 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 902 (VL)

064-012a antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 691 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 692 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 693 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 694 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 695 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 696 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 697 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 698 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 903 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 904 (VL)

064-012b antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 699 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 700 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 701 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 702 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 703 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 704 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 705 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 706 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 905 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 906 (VL)

064-014 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 707 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 708 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 709 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 710 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 711 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 712 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 713 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 714 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 907 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 908 (VL)

064-054 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 715 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 716 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 717 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 718 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 719 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 720 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 721 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 722 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 909 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 910 (VL)

064-085 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 723 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 724 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 725 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 726 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 727 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 728 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 729 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 730 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 911 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 912 (VL)

064-093 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 731 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 732 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 733 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 734 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 735 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 736 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 737 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 738 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 913 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 914 (VL)

064-116 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 739 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 740 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 741 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 742 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 743 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 744 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 745 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 746 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 915 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 916 (VL)

065-183 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 747 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 748 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 749 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 750 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 751 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 752 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 753 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 754 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 917 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 918 (VL)

067-142 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 763 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 764 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 765 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 766 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 767 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 768 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 769 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 770 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 921 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 922 (VL)

068-007 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 771 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 772 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 773 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 774 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 775 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 776 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 777 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 778 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 923 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 924 (VL)

(9) Antibody to ALCAM 029-143 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 779 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 780 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 781 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO 782 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 783 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 784 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 785 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 786 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 925 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 926 (VL)

045-1.34 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 787 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 788 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 789 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 790 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 791 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 792 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 793 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 794 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 927 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 928 (VL)

062-101 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 795 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 796 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 797 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 798 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 799 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 800 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 801 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 802 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 929 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 930 (VL)

062-109 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 803 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 804 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 805 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 806 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 807 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 808 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 809 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 810 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 931 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 932 (VL)

084-103 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 811 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 812 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 813 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 814 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 815 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 816 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 817 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 818 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 933 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 934 (VL)

052-274 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 819 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 820 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 821 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 822 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 823 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 824 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 825 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 826 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 935 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 936 (VL)

029-067 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 827 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 828 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 829 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 830 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 831 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 832 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 833 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 834 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 937 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 938 (VL)

083-131 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 835 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 836 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 837 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 838 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 839 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 840 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 841 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 842 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 939 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 940 (VL)

(10) Antibody to CD46

066-069 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 755 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 756 (VH CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 757 (VH CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 758 (VH CDR3); SEQ ID NO: 759 (VL); SEQ ID NO: 760 (VL CDR1); SEQ ID NO: 761 (VL CDR2); SEQ ID NO: 762 (VL CDR3)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 919 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 920 (VL)

(11) Antibody to LAR 064-044 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 944 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 945 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 956 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 957 (VL)

065-030 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 946 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 947 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 958 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 959 (VL)

065-358 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 948 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 949 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 960 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 961 (VL)

066-019 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 950 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 951 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 962 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 963 (VL)

079-085 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 952 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 953 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 964 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 965 (VL)

(12) Antibody to BCAM 067-024 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 954 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 955 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 966 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 967 (VL)

(13) Antibody to IgSF4

076-048 antibody

(a) Amino Acid Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 968 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 969 (VL)

(b) Base Sequence

SEQ ID NO: 970 (VH); SEQ ID NO: 971 (VL)

21. Experiment to Confirm ITGA3 Antibody

From the results of the immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry, a part of the antibody group, it was shown that the antibody included therein recognized a VLA complex. However, in a strict sense, it was not possible to determine what the antibody was, that is, whether the antigen was ITGA3 or ITGB1 or other molecules forming a complex such as CD151. Then, the antibody clones (015-003, 064-002, 064-006, 064-012, 064-014, 064-054, 064-085, 064-091, 064-093, 064-116, 065-183, 067-142, and 068-007) were subjected to RNAI in order to confirm antigens.

21-1 Experiment Procedure

ITGA3 stealth oligo RNA (400 pmol) purchased from Invitrogen and lipofect RNAi MAX (100 μl) (product of Invitrogen) were mixed with Opti-MEMI (8 ml) (product of GIBCO-BRL) and the mixture was stood still at a room temperature for 10 minutes. To this mixture, 4 ml of SKOv-3 cell solution (2×106 cells) and 28 ml of RPMI1640-10% FBS were added. This mixture was planted on four 10-cm culture dishes and cultured in a CO2 incubator for two days. 1% trypsin solution was allowed to act on the cultured cells so as to liberate cells. The cells were recovered in 5% BSA/PBS solution so as to produce 1 ml of cell suspension. The same experiment was carried out with respect to ITGB1. As to a group without RNAi (control group), the same experiment was carried out except that stealth oligo is not allowed to act.

To the recovered cells (50 μl), 2.5 μl of normal goat serum was added, and then primary antibody solution was added, so that the final amount was made to be 100 μl by using 5% BSA/PBS. The using amount of the primary antibody (anti-ITGA3 antibody or anti-ITGB1 antibody (mouse monoclonal antibody, product of CHEMICON)) was made to be 1 μl. As to the subjected sample (for example, 015-003 cp3 type antibody), 7 μl of 10-fold concentrated supernatant was used.

Next, the mixture was stood still at a room temperature for 10 minutes and then subjected to centrifugation. The supernatant was discarded, followed by washing with 5% BSA/PBS (200 μl). Next, as to the sample 015-003 cp3 type antibody, 100 μl of anti-cp3 mouse monoclonal antibody (MBL), which had been diluted with 5% BSA/PBS so that the concentration became 5 μg/ml, was added. The mixture was stood still at a room temperature for 10 minutes. After centrifugation, the supernatant was discarded, followed by washing with 5% BSA/PBS (200 μl). Then, ALEXA488 labeled anti-mouse IgG goat antibody (100 μl), which had been 1000-folded diluted with 5% BSA/PBS, was reacted. The reacted product was stood still at a room temperature for 10 minutes and then subjected to centrifugation. The supernatant was discarded, followed by washing with 5% BSA/PBS (200 μl). The thus obtained cells were suspended in 50 μl of OptilyseB (BECKMAN COULTER). This was stood still for 10 minutes, and then 600 μl of PBS was added to be diluted. Subsequently, the diluted product was treated with Cell-Strainer (BD Falcon) and subjected to measurement using FACS Caliber (BECKMAN COULTER).

21-2 Results

The results of the above-mentioned RNAi experiment are shown in FIG. 86. It is shown that A (results of FCM using anti-ITGA3 antibody) and B (results of FCM using anti-ITGB1 antibody) have different peak patterns. The samples (015-003, 064-002, 064-006, 064-012, 064-014, 064-054, 064-085, 064-091, 064-093, 064-116, 065-183, 067-142, and 068-007) show the peak patterns (C) similar to A. From this result, it is confirmed that antigen recognized by these antibody clones is ITGA3.

When the same RNAi experiment is carried out in each antibody obtained as an anti-HER1 antibody, an anti-HER2 antibody, an anti-HGFR antibody, an anti-IgSF4 antibody, an anti-EpCAM antibody, an anti-CD147 antibody, an anti-CD166 antibody, or anti-MCP antibody, antigen is not wrong, and it is confirmed that the method (method using a panel, three-dimensional ELISA)) of the present invention is useful.

22. Cancer Tissue Specificity of Each Antibody Clone

When the immunostaining property of the obtained antibody clones with respect to clinical cancer specimens were examined by the same method as described in the above column 11, results shown in FIG. 87 were obtained. These antibody clones are useful for studying and diagnosing the corresponding cancers. Furthermore, clinical specimens in different stages in some cancers were prepared and the immunostaining property of the antibody clones with respect to the specimens was obtained. As a result, some antibody clones showed the staining property specific to stages in addition to the staining property specific to cancer (see FIG. 88). Thus, in the actual clinical tissues, there are differences in the reactivity to each antibody clone even if the tissue is from the same cancer or in the same grade of malignancy. This results show that the use of the antibody set provided by the present invention enables new tailor-maid diagnosis in cancers to be carried out and diagnosis that is more detail than conventional criterion to be carried out. In other words, it is shown that staging of cancer and re-classification of pathologic conditions can be realized. On the other hand, the staging of cancer and the re-classification of pathologic conditions by using the antibody set are useful for determining a treatment plan. Furthermore, antibodies recognized to have specific reactivity can be useful as antibodies for treatment and useful as a tool for drug screening. Thus, the antibody set provided by the present invention can realize not only tailor-made diagnosis of cancers but also tailor-made treatment of cancers. Thus, the antibody set provides extremely great values and significance.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The present invention provides a method of classifying a plurality of antibodies to cell surface antigens rapidly. Also, the present invention provides a method of rapidly identifying an antigen to an antibody. The use of these methods makes it possible to obtain an antibody useful for treatment and diagnosis of cancers, or study of the onset mechanism of cancers, and the like. Furthermore, when the classifying method and the identification method of an antigen of the present invention are used, a panel on which a useful antibody set and its characteristics are displayed can be provided, which is expected to greatly contribute to tailor-made medicine. On the other hand, the present invention provides antibodies recognizing antigens expressing in a cancer-specific manner. Such antibodies are expected to be used as antibody for treatment, antibody for diagnosis, antibody for study, and the like, which target cancer cells specifically expressing cancer surface membrane protein recognized by the antibodies.

The present invention is not limited only to the description of the above embodiments. A variety of modifications which are within the scopes of the following claims and which are achieved easily by a person skilled in the art are included in the present invention.

Contents of the theses, Publication of Patent Applications, Patent Publications, and other published documents referred to in this specification are herein incorporated by reference in its entity.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US20080287309 *Jul 8, 2005Nov 20, 2008Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Methods for Discovering Antibodies Specific to Cancer Cells and Antibodies Discovered Thereby
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *Hellstrom et al (Cancer Research, 1990, 50:2183-2190)
2 *Keydar et al (PNAS, 1989, 86:1362-1366)
3 *Latza et al (J Clinical Pathology, 1990, 43:213-219)
4 *McWhirter et al (PNAS, January 24, 2006, 103:1041-1046)
5 *Onda et al (Clinical Cancer Research, 2005, 11:5840-5846)
6 *Onda et al (Clinical Cancer Research, August 15, 2005, 11:5840-5846)
7 *Yaziji et al (Modern Pathology, 2006, 19:514-523)
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US8069014 *Jan 16, 2009Nov 29, 2011Suresh GopalanMethods and systems for high confidence utilization of datasets
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Classifications
U.S. Classification506/9, 435/7.2, 435/7.23, 506/18, 506/38, 530/387.7
International ClassificationG01N33/567, G01N33/574, C40B60/10, C40B40/10, C07K16/00, C40B30/04
Cooperative ClassificationC07K16/005, C07K2317/56, C12N15/1138, C07K16/32, C07K2317/73, C07K16/303, C07K2317/565, C07K16/2803, C07K16/2896, C12N2310/14, C07K2317/732, C07K16/2863, C07K16/28, G01N33/6854, C07K16/40, C07K16/30, G01N33/57492
European ClassificationG01N33/574V4, C07K16/28, C07K16/30, C07K16/32, C07K16/28Z, C07K16/00A, C07K16/28A, C07K16/30F, C07K16/40, C07K16/28G, G01N33/68B, C12N15/113E
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 18, 2012ASAssignment
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INSTITUTE FOR ANTIBODIES CO., LTD;REEL/FRAME:029487/0173
Effective date: 20121203
Owner name: FUJITA HEALTH UNIVERSITY, JAPAN
Apr 18, 2011ASAssignment
Free format text: CHANGE OF ASSIGNEE S ADDRESS;ASSIGNOR:INSTITUTE OF ANTIBODIES CO., LTD.;REEL/FRAME:026146/0300
Owner name: INSTITUTE OF ANTIBODIES CO., LTD., JAPAN
Effective date: 20101020
Apr 20, 2009ASAssignment
Owner name: INSTITUTE FOR ANTIBODIES CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SUGIOKA, ATSUSHI;SUGIURA, MOTOTAKA;AKAHORI, YASUSHI;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:022567/0315;SIGNING DATES FROM 20090312 TO 20090402