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Publication numberUS20090222045 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 12/396,052
Publication dateSep 3, 2009
Filing dateMar 2, 2009
Priority dateFeb 28, 2008
Also published asUS8747407, US8870878, US20110209821
Publication number12396052, 396052, US 2009/0222045 A1, US 2009/222045 A1, US 20090222045 A1, US 20090222045A1, US 2009222045 A1, US 2009222045A1, US-A1-20090222045, US-A1-2009222045, US2009/0222045A1, US2009/222045A1, US20090222045 A1, US20090222045A1, US2009222045 A1, US2009222045A1
InventorsJosef Gorek
Original AssigneeK2M, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Minimally Invasive Retractor and Methods of Use
US 20090222045 A1
A device, system and method for orthopedic spine surgery using a novel screw-based retractor, disclosed herein, that allows for access to the spine through a minimally or less invasive approach. The retractor device is designed as a co-molded part of the tulip of a pedicle screw assembly with opposed arms of the retractor spread apart to open the wound proximally. The arms are removed by separating the arms from the tulip and removing them from the incision. The retractor device is intended to be made of a relatively stiff material, sterile packaged and disposable after one use. A system and method for using the retractor and performing a minimally invasive spine surgical procedure are also disclosed.
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1. A surgical retractor comprising:
a pedicle screw having a tulip; and
at least one elongate member extending from said tulip, the elongate member being removable affixed to the tulip, wherein the elongate member is frangibly attached to the tulip.
2. The retractor of claim 1, wherein the elongate member includes at least one flexible joint region.
3. The retractor of claim 2, wherein the flexible joint region includes first and second arcuate arms extending proximally from the distal end, the arcuate arms being radially spaced apart and defining a pair of longitudinally extending slots.
4. The retractor of claim 1, further comprising at least two elongate arcuate members, the elongate arcuate members being radially spaced apart and defining a pair of longitudinally extending passages.
5. The retractor of claim 1, further comprising at least two elongate arcuate members, the elongate arcuate members being radially spaced apart and defining a pair of longitudinally extending passages, the pair of longitudinally extending passages being substantially aligned with the longitudinally extending slots.
6. The retractor of claim 1, wherein the screw tulip is made of metal.
7. The retractor of claim 6, wherein the tulip has engagement features disposed thereon.
8. The retractor of claim 7, wherein the elongate member surrounds and engages the tulip features to secure the elongate member to the tulip.
9. The retractor of claim 6, wherein the elongate member is made of plastic and surrounds at least a portion of the tulip in engagement therewith.
10. A method of performing spine surgery comprising the steps of:
a) providing at least two retractor assemblies, each retractor assembly including at least one elongate member flexibly and frangibly attached to a pedicle screw;
b) securing the first screw to a portion of a first vertebral body;
c) retracting tissue using the at least one elongate member of the first retractor;
d) securing the second screw to a portion of a second vertebral body;
e) retracting tissue using the at least one elongate member of the second retractor;
f) inserting a rod between the first and second screws;
g) securing the rod to the first and second screws: and
h) removing the elongate members from the pedicle screws.
11. A method of performing surgery comprising:
a) percutaneously inserting a guidewire into a boney structure;
b) inserting a cannulated bone screw with an integrally formed, frangible retractor member over the guidewire to the target site;
c) implanting the bone screw into bone;
d) spreading the retractor from a pivot point adjacent the bone screw to retract soft tissue and provide access to the site;
e) performing a surgical procedure at the target site through the retractor;
f) removing the integrally formed retractor member from the bone screw.
12. A kit comprising a sterile enclosure containing:
a surgical pedicle screw having at least one frangible elongate retracting member, and at least one relief region, and a flexible joint coupling the elongate member to the pedicle screw.
13. The kit of claim 12, further comprising a plurality of surgical retractors within the sterile enclosure.
14. The kit of claim 13, further comprising a cannulated scalpel within the sterile enclosure.
15. The kit of claim 13, further comprising at least one dilator within the sterile enclosure.
16. The kit of claim 13, further comprising at least one biopsy needle within the sterile enclosure.
17. The kit of claim 13, further comprising at least one length of a guidewire.
18. A method of fabricating a screw based retractor comprising:
a) providing pedicle screw tulip configured with one of the attachment features selected from a series of protrusions and a series of indentations located about a proximal end;
b) placing the pedicle tulip within an injection mold; and
c) injecting a material through the injection mold, wherein the material interacts the attachment feature and forms at least one arm extending from the pedicle screw.
19. A method of fabricating a screw based retractor of claim 18 further comprising assembling a pedicle screw within the pedicle tulip.
20. A method of fabricating a screw based retractor comprising:
a) providing pedicle screw tulip;
b) provide at least one retractor arm;
c) providing an adhesive that is compatible with both the pedicle tulip and the at least one arm;
d) applying the adhesive to one of either the pedicle tulip and the at least one retractor; and
e) attaching the at least one retractor to the pedicle tulip.

This application is claims the benefit of, and priority to, U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/032,140, filed Feb. 28, 2008, the entire contents of which are incorporated by reference herein.


1. Technical Field

The present disclosure relates generally to orthopaedic spine surgery and in particular to a minimally invasive retractor and methods for use in a minimally invasive surgical procedure.

2. Background of the Technology

There has been considerable advancement in the development of retractors and retractor systems that are adapted for use in less invasive procedures. Many of the recent developments are based on traditional types of surgical retractors for open procedures, predominantly table-mounted devices of various designs. These devices tend to be cumbersome and are not well adapted for use in small incisions. Standard hand-held surgical retractors are well known in the prior art and can be modified to fit the contours of these small incisions, but they require manual manipulation to maintain a desired placement, thereby occupying one hand of the physician or requiring another person to assist the physician during the procedure. Typical retractors are also positioned into the soft tissue and are levered back to hold the wound open, frequently requiring re-positioning if they dislodge, obstruct the physician's view, or interfere with access to the surgical site.

In recent years, minimally invasive surgical approaches have been applied to orthopedic surgery and more recently to spine surgery, such as instrumented fusions involving one or more vertebral bodies. Unlike minimally invasive procedures such as arthroscopic knee surgery or gallbladder surgery where the affected area is contained within a small region of the body, spinal fusion surgery typically encompasses a considerably larger region of the patient's body. In addition, arthroscopic surgery and laparoscopic surgery permit the introduction of fluid (i.e. liquid or gas) for distending tissue and creating working space for the surgeon. Surgery on the spine does not involve a capsule or space that can be so distended, instead involving multiple layers of soft tissue, bone, ligaments, and nerves. For these reasons, the idea of performing a minimally invasive procedure on the spine has only recently been approached.

By way of example, in a typical spine fusion at least two vertebral bodies are rigidly connected using screws implanted into the respective vertebral bodies with a solid metal rod spanning the distance between the screws. This procedure is not generally conducive to a minimally invasive approach. The insertion of pedicle or facet screws is relatively straightforward and can be accomplished through a minimal incision. The difficulty arises upon the introduction of a length of rod into a very small incision with extremely limited access and visibility. A single level fusion may require a 30-40 mm rod to be introduced into a 1 cm incision and a multilevel fusion may require a rod several inches long to fit into a 1 cm incision. For this reason, it is important that the minimal incision be maintained in an open and accessible condition (i.e. as wide as practicable) for introduction of the rod.

Minimally invasive surgery offers significant advantages over conventional open surgery. First, the skin incision and subsequent scar are significantly smaller. By using more than one small incision rather than one large incision, the need for extensive tissue and muscle retraction may be greatly reduced. This leads to significantly reduced post-operative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and a faster overall recovery.

Most spine implant procedures are open procedures, and while many manufacturers advertise a minimally invasive method, the procedure is typically not recommended for fusions and focuses on more common and accepted minimally invasive spine procedures such as kyphoplasty, vertebroplasty, and discectomy.

Medtronic Sofamor Danek's SEXTANT™ is a minimally invasive device used for screw and rod insertion. Its shortcomings lie with how complicated the system is to use and the requirement for an additional incision for rod introduction. This system also requires that the guidance devices be rigidly fixed to the pedicle screw head in order to maintain instrument alignment and to prevent cross-threading of the setscrew. For these reasons, the surgeon cannot access the surrounding anatomy for complete preparation of the field. Nor does SEXTANT™ allow for any variation in the procedure, if need be.

Depuy Spine's VIPER™ system is another minimally invasive implant and technique recommended for one or two level spine fusions. This system is less complicated than the SEXTANT™ only requiring two incisions for a unilateral, one-level fusion, but it is limited in the same way as the SEXTANT™ because it also requires the instrumentation to be rigidly fixed to the pedicle screw.

Spinal Concept's PATHFINDER™ and NuVasive's SPHERX™ spinal system (as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,802,844), are marketed as “minimally disruptive” spine fusion implants and procedures. While they have advantages over a general “open” procedure, they do not provide all of the advantages of a truly minimally invasive approach. Their characterization as “minimally open” procedures is a result of the inherent difficulty of introducing a rod in a minimally invasive spinal procedure. In order to introduce a rod long enough to accomplish a single level fusion, these systems describe an incision long enough to accept such a rod, thereby undermining the advantages of a minimally invasive approach.

The problem of rod introduction warrants further discussion as it is the central problem in minimally invasive spinal fusions. The systems currently on the market address this issue by adding another incision, using a larger incision, or avoiding fusions greater than one level.

In order to be truly minimally invasive, a spine fusion procedure should have a minimum number of small incisions and not require significant tissue and/or muscle retraction. Furthermore, an improved approach should encompass as many variations and applications as possible thereby allowing the surgeon to adjust the procedure to accommodate the anatomy and surgical needs of the patient as presented. For instance, spinal fusions should not be limited to just one or two levels.

Therefore, a continuing need exists for an improved device, an improved system, and an improved method for performing minimally invasive spine surgery.


The present disclosure is directed towards a device, a system, and a method for a screw-based retractor used in performing minimally invasive spine surgery. In some embodiments, the retractor is co-molded as part of and has blades that are frangible from, a pedicle bone screw that acts as a point of fixation with respect to the patient. The retractor acts as a guide that will aid in the insertion of instruments and implants into the anatomy of a patient.

The minimally invasive retractor has a proximal end that flexes away from the radial center. In its nominal position, the retractor will have a generally cylindrical cross-sectional configuration with at least one retracting arm extending from a pedicle tulip. In one embodiment, the retractor has a “living hinge” joining the retractor arm to a blade. The living hinge is located above the screw head and has at least one gap used to create the retractor blades. More than one living hinge can be incorporated to help facilitate bending along any portion of the blade's length. An optional window may be located between the screw head and the living hinge to allow for the insertion of instruments into the surgical site.

Instrument holes are located through the blades, perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, whereby a standard surgical instrument, such as a Gelpi Retractor, can be used to spread the blades apart for retracting the skin and soft tissue. This is done in order to maintain the field of view and/or working site.

As viewed along a longitudinal axis, the cross-section of the retractor has a generally circular configuration and provides additional stiffness. The geometry of the retractor provides sufficient stiffness for maintaining the opening at the surgical site.

The distal tip of the minimally invasive retractor is bullet shaped to aid in the retractor's insertion through the soft tissue. The distal end of each of the arms is molded onto the pedicle tulip. Alternatively, the arms of the retractor may be attached to the pedicle tulip by the use of an adhesive.

Upon completion of the procedure, the arms are separated from the pedicle tulip and pulled straight out of the incision. Co-molding the retractor as part of the pedicle screw eliminates the need for assembly during surgery and eases the removal of the blades following a surgical procedure.

Multiple retractors may be used during a single spine procedure. The retractor is manufactured for a single use.


Embodiments of the presently disclosed minimally invasive retractor are described herein with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a minimally invasive retractor according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the minimally invasive retractor of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged side view of the detailed area “3” of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged side cross-sectional view of the minimally invasive retractor of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a top cross-sectional view of a minimally invasive retractor of FIG. 4 taken along section line 5-5;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged side cross-sectional view of a distal region of a second embodiment of the minimally invasive retractor of the present disclosure;

FIG. 7 is a top view of the minimally invasive retractor of FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a side view of a third embodiment of the minimally invasive retractor of the present disclosure; and

FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional side view of the minimally invasive retractor of FIG. 1 in use.

Other features of the present disclosure will become apparent from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate, by way of example, various principles of the present disclosure.


A device, system, and method for orthopedic spine surgery using a screw based retractor is described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/528,223, filed Sep. 26, 2006, and published on May 10, 2007 as U.S. Published Patent Application Number 2007/0106123, the entire contents of which is incorporated by reference herein. The retractor is designed to be coupled with a pedicle screw and has blades that are frangible from the pedicle screw tulip. A portion of the retractor is removed from the surgical site after use.

Embodiments of the presently disclosed minimally invasive retractor will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings wherein like reference numerals identify similar or identical elements. In the drawings and in the description that follows, the term “proximal,” will refer to the end of a device or system that is closest to the operator, while the term “distal” will refer to the end of the device or system that is farthest from the operator. In addition, the term “cephalad” is used in this application to indicate a direction toward a patient's head, whereas the term “caudad” indicates a direction toward the patient's feet. Further still, for the purposes of this application, the term “medial” indicates a direction toward the middle of the body of the patient, whilst the term “lateral” indicates a direction toward a side of the body of the patient (i.e., away from the middle of the body of the patient). The term “posterior” indicates a direction toward the patient's back, and the term “anterior” indicates a direction toward the patient's front.

Referring intially to FIGS. 1-5, a first embodiment of the presently disclosed minimally invasive retractor or retractor is illustrated and generally designated as 100. Retractor 100 includes an open proximal end 2 and a distal end 4. A longitudinal axis is defined as extending through the center of the proximal end 2 and the distal end 4. The distal end 4 of retractor 100 is a pedicle screw tulip 10 having a generally convex outer surface that facilitates insertion of the retractor 100 through layers of body tissue. A retractor assembly includes a pedicle screw 20 that may be a monoaxial screw, as shown, or a polyaxial screw in combination with retractor 100.

A pair of arms 13 extend distally from the pedicle tulip 10. Each of the pair of arms 13 may include an optional window 12. Optional window 12 is sized and configured to receive instruments therethrough and/or permit inspection.

Each of the arms 13 may extend to an optional flexible region or living hinge 14, defined by a pair of recesses 14a on each side of the living hinge 14. As illustrated in FIG. 2, a retractor blade 8 is attached to and extends from the living hinge 14 to define a substantially continuous elongate member. In addition, retractor 100 includes a pair of retractor blades 8 having a plurality of instrument holes 6 disposed on each of retractor blades 8. Instrument holes 6 are configured and dimensioned to cooperate with different surgical instruments.

The retractor 100 has a substantially circular cross-section. Each blade 8 and arm 13 set has an arcuate cross-sectional configuration that is less than about 180°. A pair of continuous slots 16 separate one blade 8 and arm 13 set from the other blade 8 and arm 13 set.

The pair of continuous slots 16 define a passage 18 that extends substantially the entire length of retractor 100. Passage 18 is expandable for receiving a rod 5 therein. Retractor blades 8 and arms 13 define a substantially circular ring shape, thereby providing sufficient stiffness (i.e. rigidity) such that retractor blades 8 and arms 13 resist bending from the counter forces of the retracted tissues.

Retractor 100 is formed on or over the pedicle tulip 10 from a suitable biocompatible material that is sterilizable in a suitable configuration and thickness so as to be sufficiently rigid to provide retraction of tissue, and yet is sufficiently bendable to be spread apart to provide retraction and to be forcibly separated from the pedicle tulip 10 as necessary and appropriate. It is contemplated that retractor 100 be formed from polymers such as polypropylene, polyethylene, or polycarbonate; silicone; polyetheretherketone (“PEEK”); titanium; titanium alloy; surgical steel; or other suitable material including a combination of materials. The arms 13, blades 8, and tulip 10 may be formed from the same or different material.

Each retractor blade 8 is capable of being bent away from the centerline of retractor 100 assisted by an optional living hinge 14, in response to applied forces. Bending retractor blade 8 away from the centerline (i.e. radially outwards) increases the width of the passage 18 and acts to retract the surrounding tissue at the selected surgical site.

The tulip 10 may be formed with protrusions 24 extending from the top and sides. These protrusions are formed such that the end furthest from the tulip 10 has a larger diameter than the end closest to the tulip 10, resulting in a bulb shaped structure. The force of retraction is leveraged off of the pedicle screw 20 itself and the bulb shaped protrusions 24 increases the amount of force needed to separate the arm 13 from the tulip 10. Preferably, the tulip 10 is placed in a mold and the arms 13 and blades 8 are molded onto the tulip 10. The tulip 10 may be combined with the pedicle screw either before or after the arms are formed.

Removal of the arms 13 and blades 8 from the surgical site is accomplished by pulling the arms 13 proximally (i.e. away from the pedicle screw 20) from the pedicle tulip 10. A separating tool may be used to pry the arms 13 from the pedicle tulip 10. The separate leveraging tool is placed between the arms 13 and tulip 10 to exert counterforces to cause the arms to separate from the tulip 10 at the attachment points. After separating the arms 13, the physician can readily remove the separated arms 13 from the surgical site while leaving the pedicle tulip 10 and pedicle screw 20 at the surgical site.

Referring now to FIGS. 6-7, a second embodiment of the present disclosure is illustrated as retractor 200 having an open proximal end 2. Similar to retractor 100, the distal end has a pair of arms 13 that extend from the tulip 10.

As in the previous embodiment, blades 8 have an arcuate configuration that is less than about 180° and are radially spaced apart to define a pair of continuous slots 16 along a substantial portion of retractor 200. Additionally, retractor blades 8 define a passage 18 through retractor 200.

In this embodiment, the tulip 10 is formed with a plurality of recesses 26 in the top and sides to allow the material to flow into the recesses during formation of the arms 13 and blades 8 in order to secure the arms 13 to the tulip 10. Alternatively, the recesses 26 may be machined into the tulip 10. The blades 8 can also be formed on the tulip 10 either prior to assembly with the pedicle screw 20 or after assembly.

Removal of the blades 8 from the pedicle tulip 10 and the surgical site is accomplished by either pulling the blades 8 proximally or by using a tool to pry the blades 8 from the pedicle tulip 10.

In still another embodiment, referring now to FIG. 8, the blades 8 of retractor 300 are molded onto a washer 28. The washer 28 has an opening diameter larger than the pedicle screw opening 30 located in the most distal end of the pedicle tulip 10, but smaller than the major diameter of the pedicle tulip 10. Upon completion of the surgery the blades 8 are pulled up and over the tulip 10 until the arms break away from the washer 28 and are able to be removed from the surgical site. The washer 28 remains seated around the base of the pedicle screw 20.

The retractor may, alternatively, include two blades integrally formed and attached on only one side of the tulip, thereby increasing the lateral opening near the tulip and defining a window that is larger than previously disclosed window 12. This embodiment provides increased access to the target site, thereby allowing larger implants or instruments to be positioned in the target site.

Alternatively, the presently disclosed retractor includes only one retractor blade and is attached to the pedicle tulip by an adhesive. The adhesive changes state in the presence of either a solvent or an ultraviolet light. This configuration allows greater variability in creating the retracted space as well as increasing access to the target site for using larger instruments or inserting larger devices than possible with retractor 100.

The blades may extend circumferentially over the sides of the pedicle tulip to below the equator of the tulip to a region where the tulip narrows (i.e. towards the distal narrowed tip of the bullet of the tulip) where the blades are circumferentially connected to each other around the tulip to hold the retractor with the tulip. This design allows projections or recesses, if used, to be located low around the sides of the pedicle screw tulip. This configuration also provides the retractor with a pivot point distally further than the top of the pedicle screw tulip.

It is contemplated that microchips be molded into the arms of the retractor. These microchips may collect data, such as the temperature of the body, and relay the information to a display for the surgeon. Microchips can also be used to measure the relationship of one retractor in regard to another retractor also having a microchip.

It is further contemplated that any of the previously disclosed retractors may be formed of a bendable resilient material such that when external spreading forces (e.g. from a Gelpi retractor or the physician's hands) are removed, the retractor blades will return towards their initial position (e.g., substantially parallel to the centerline). It is also contemplated that any of the previously disclosed retractors may be formed of a bendable non-resilient material such that when the external spreading forces are removed, the retractor blades resist returning to their initial position and remain in the retracted position.

The presently disclosed retractors utilize, but are not limited to, a method whereby an initial incision is made in the skin of approximately 10-15 mm in length. Surgeon preference will dictate the need for one or more stages of dilators to aid in expanding the wound before introducing one or more retractors. Normal surgical techniques may be used to close the incision(s).

A method for use of the presently disclosed system will now be described with reference to FIG. 9. The assembled apparatus is inserted into an incision through the patient's skin S and muscle/fat tissue T such that pedicle screw 20 is subsequently threaded into a vertebral body V. Once the desired number of retractors 100 are affixed to vertebral bodies V, retractor blades 8 are spread and/or pivoted apart to retract skin S and tissue T to create a retracted area at the target site. Rod 3 is inserted in passage 18 when passage 18 is in an expanded state (i.e., tissue has been retracted).

The rod may be inserted along a path from one screw head to another, possibly subcutaneously such that it may be secured to fastening regions of pedicle screws in adjacent vertebral bodies. The retractors of the present disclosure are well suited for such a technique due to the unique access provided. Once the screw-rod construct is complete, the retractor blades 8 and/or arms 13 are separated, as described above, from the tulip 10, and then pulled out of the incision.

Removal may be done by hand or with suitable gripping tools. An example of a retractor extracting tool is described in U.S. Published Patent Application Number 2007/0106123 (referenced hereinabove). The blades 8 and/or arms 13 are separated from pedicle tulip 10 without imparting significant downward or rotational forces against the patient's body. Retractor 100 may then be removed from the patient and this process may be repeated for each installed retractor 100.

The retractor blades may be transparent or opaque and may have radio opaque markers for visibility during various imaging techniques. In addition, the blades may have a reflective or non-reflective coating to increase visibility in the surgical site and may have an artificial lighting feature.

As with any surgical instrument and implant, the retractors must have the ability to be sterilized using known materials and techniques. Parts may be sterile packed by the manufacturer or sterilized on site by the user. Sterile packed parts may be individually packed or packed in any desirable quantity. For example, a sterile package may contain one or more retractors in a sterile enclosure. Alternatively, such a sterile surgical kit may also include one or more bone biopsy needle(s), Jamshidi needle(s), guide wires, detachment tools, sterile cannulated scalpels, dilators, rods, or other surgical instruments and combinations thereof.

The blades may be made of a light transmitting material. The retractor may include a light guide system. The light guide system has an input adapter to receive light from a light source and one or more light emitting surfaces to illuminate the surgical field.

Further still, it will be appreciated that the pedicle screw may be cannulated such that it may be translated along a guide wire, thereby facilitating percutaneous insertion of the pedicle screw and retractor. In addition, it is contemplated that conventional insertion tools or those disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/104653, filed on Apr. 17, 2008, and published on Oct. 23, 2008 as U.S. Published Patent Application Number 2008/0262318, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference, may be used in conjunction with the presently disclosed retractor and pedicle screws.

It will be understood that various modifications may be made to the embodiments of the presently disclosed retraction system. Therefore, the above description should not be construed as limiting, but merely as exemplifications of embodiments. Those skilled in the art will envision other modifications within the scope and spirit of the present disclosure.

For example, while the foregoing description has focused on spine surgery, it is contemplated that the retractors and methods described herein may find use in other orthopedic surgery applications, such as trauma surgery. Thus, where it is desired to insert a screw or pin into bone in a minimally invasive manner, or otherwise to access a surgical target site over a guidewire, the dilator, scalpel and retractors (or some of them) of the present disclosure may be used, with or without a bone screw.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8097026Mar 2, 2009Jan 17, 2012K2M, Inc.Minimally invasive retraction device having removable blades
US8236032Oct 20, 2009Aug 7, 2012Depuy Spine, Inc.Spinal implant with a flexible extension element
US8246538Mar 2, 2009Aug 21, 2012K2M, Inc.Minimally invasive retractor with separable blades and methods of use
US8333770Sep 26, 2011Dec 18, 2012Sherwin HuaSystems and methods for pedicle screw stabilization of spinal vertebrae
US8414625Dec 21, 2011Apr 9, 2013K2M, Inc.Minimally invasive retraction device having removable blades
US8795283Oct 5, 2011Aug 5, 2014Safe Orthopaedics SasInstrument kit for performing spinal stabilization
US8876835Nov 17, 2010Nov 4, 2014Safe OrthopaedicsDevice for positioning an implant
US8932210Mar 2, 2009Jan 13, 2015K2M, Inc.Minimally invasive retraction device having detachable blades
US20120209332 *Feb 3, 2012Aug 16, 2012Pioneer Surgical Technology, Inc.Spinal Fixation System And Method
US20130018418 *Sep 24, 2012Jan 17, 2013Safe OrthopaedicsDevice and method for spinal surgery
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WO2011080404A1 *Nov 17, 2010Jul 7, 2011Sterispine SasDevice for positioning an implant
WO2011080426A2 *Dec 28, 2010Jul 7, 2011Sterispine SasDevice and method for spinal surgery
U.S. Classification606/279, 600/219, 264/259, 606/104, 156/60
International ClassificationB29C45/14, A61B1/32, A61B17/88, B32B37/12, A61B17/70
Cooperative ClassificationB29C45/14311, B29L2031/7546, A61B17/7037, A61B17/7085, B29C2045/14327, A61B17/0206, A61B2019/307, A61B17/0218
European ClassificationB29C45/14E, A61B17/02E, A61B17/02A, A61B17/70T4C
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