US 2009270 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jufiy 23, 135. A 2,009,2'ZQ
APPARATUS FOR TREATING PATIENTS BY BODILY MOVEMENTS Filed Feb. 17, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet l g I i 1 I n n n a l l I"! lanunluu nMutual" "yuan"untu I I mumnm IHVE.NTOP.
lggaroi Mayer ATTOEY Jufly 23, 1935. K. MAYER w APPARATUS FOR TREATING PATIENTS BY BODILY MOVEMENTS Filed Feb. 17, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Kurd Mayer MRNEY Patented July 23, 1935 ':Karol Mayer; Poznani Poland Application". February 17, 19333.;Shfifl2NQ-1 6 731 78 Augustg26,-:-1932 ,In-Germany The invention relates toanapparatusfor treating. patientsbyibodily movements, the'curing;
eiiectaofaWhichrisv amplified by. special move-- mentszineomparisonto the well known; appa mechanical driving.devices;,specia1 boxes are. also well-knownfitted "in the. interior-With telastic mattresses and provided. with a lockablelid;
left free forthe aface and the.
openings. being ="limbs;=;for instance, the arms and hands, of the patient;
The; object, of the invention is .to provide an:
apparatus of the type referred .to,. to which, in
addition-to .its rotary movement; an oscillating the drive of which'is iwnmovement is imparted and:
further connected with a regulatinggdevice. -Accerdingrtotheinvention, means arexprovided at the head and foot of the bed in order to'uinsert shafzt members-transferring: the oscillation to? various points and inorder to. rotate f a: soft base."
5; the -bed--at the bed uniformlyor intermittently so" thati-the headzand the foot of-the bed: are alternately lifted or loweredduring. the oscillation, in" order 'to further facilitate the circulation 0f'1'the1-blOOd.,.Of
3m; a hunianqbeing or; an animal lyinginthebed,
withthe aidof g avity and, therefore; to -.facilitate;
' 1 At 1, holesfornthe insertionaottheshaftrrnem the necessary'blood shifting.
ffiolesiprovidedat difierentheights in the walls ofsthe' therapeutic bedjand serving for the recep- :ition: oft-the shaft members, can-eachbe replaced I by -a;:g.uiding.slot1(Figures 3. and 6) in the end walls of the therapeutic bed whereby-thenecessary withdrawaland'insertioh of the shaft membars in changing the position of the level "is; unnecessary-, this result being accomplished by slidingthe s'haftmembersin the guiding slots in g 7 purposestoa large extent w-i-th the aid of corresponding regulatorsinterposed before' or after that theihrdr tat .pres ure? thejdming gear" I the desired position and'se'curing fthejshaftmem bers in this positionby suitablemeans.i i t s'w LkmWn' "exercises a; considerable influence on 'the"circula-' tion'of the blood; an influence, which is utilized in many cases for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. But, the wellknown medico-mechanical 0 arrangements serving for the above mentioned purposes have various disadvantages, especially it is not possible to effect with them'an uninterruptedly changing and exactly regulated influence of gravity on different sections of circulationi themed according to the invention, turnb eatw lin different di ectionsap ov s.tczbezfar; mc ecs entiallr adv n a eo s andizsimp e.
In'the drawings, some examples Beijing inyenr ion a diasrammatica ly shown: I .i'j igii'I 5 $;*121 view turn h peut c b in. ni flined nos iondur ne ...p zthe. ec entrical otation; 1- V Figu e Z-is a similar view.-otttmsameinert, .ut; rotated iurth r: on, in I a. horizontal-19min. 1 Figure 3 is a side view oi -another construction of the therapeutic. bed: in connection with on .o the wel rk w drivin .mechanismsior thetherapeutic bed; I Fi -is a sid vi w..oiethew earzm chanism" with a p tion z as nsbroken away;
. Fig. 5 is. across sectionon the .line'=-. 551115 ot-1 F ure 6 is an end view.- .howinatheelliptical, shape of the: therapeutic bed; according .toiili -i ure ,3, with the guides for the shaft members-.1
In Figures. .1. and 2, .the, frames 2 ofltheibed are .fitte.dwith;elastic springs I, forming, aloclbable'boxrupholstered on'the inner side withmat tresses so'that; duringthe rotationlof the wbed" the; body lies comfortably in every .position. Loni. The. lidn3. is. hinged-at :3'-andgis" providedrwith an opening 4 vforwtheiace: andrai secondnpening .5 'for the, hands,'so thatthe2 per 5 son lying innthe box lean-open the lid handcanmo-ve the. hands. inaa convenient-manner. At. 6; the locking device for'the lidis shown;
bers 8v and 8B-.are represented which shaft' me'mandthe adjustment of the axis can..be altere'd and adjusted 'fordiagnostic and therapeuticiIt is 1 quite apparent that by wi thdrawirigthe shaftmembers: 8 and-"88 from-theopenings-in" which they are placed and inserting them in others of the openings 1 the position of the bed I relative to the shaft members can be varied. Either one or both of the shaft members may be shifted, and a great number of different positions may thus be obtained. In this fashion va rious degrees and types of oscillatory movement of the bed can be obtained. 7
The position of the body of the person lying in the box is changed by the above described simple device in a convenient and regulatable manner and, therefore, the influence of the gravity component on necessary blood shifting for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, is possible in an advantageous manner. The further technical improvement of thepresent invention consists in the fact that the personduring the treat-v 8 and 88 in changing the position of the level is unnecessary, this result being accomplished by sliding the shaft members 8 and 88 in the guiding slots Hi to the desired position and securing the shaft members 8 and 88 in this position by suitable means. 7 I r In order to obtain a steady movement of the therapeutic bed completely'free from jerks, it is suitable to substitute for a part of the shaft members 8 and 88 transferring the movement to the therapeutic bed,a spring I 3 which absorbs the jerks coming from thedriving motor l8.
This-spring consists of two flat portions connected by bowed elements 38, the flat portions being secured by bolts 39 to plates 36 and 31 which are mounted respectively on the shaft member 8 or-drlven shaft and a shaft section 35 the end of which carries a key member I6 which slides in the slot IS on the end wall |5 of the bed.
The motor l8 drives the shaft member 8 through the gearing arrangement shown in Figs. 3 and-4. The motor shaft |8 carries a gear |9 Whichmeshes constantly with a gear 28 onshaft 2|. Slidably mounted on shaft 2| and controlled by a lever I4 having a handle 2! are two gears 22 and 23'of different size, formed on a single sleeve;24.. These gears mesh respectively with gears. 25 and 26 fixed on shaft member 8. By
slidingthe sleeve 24 through lever M which is pivoted at 28, gears 22 and 23 may be selectively brought-into mesh with. gears 25 and 25 thereby varying the speedto which shaft 8 is driven.
The speed-of the motor may be regulated by a rheostat H or in some other suitable manner through control of the electric current.
The shaft 2| carries a further gear 29 which meshes-with a gear 30 on shaft 3|. An eccentric 3| mounted on shaft 3| through its strap l2 engaging ring .35 and eccentric rod 33 on shaft section 35 will impart vertical movement to the shaft 35 which is permitted by the. flexibility of the spring connection l3. a
. The spring l3 amplifies the action of the springs which form the support for the body of the person being treated. If suchsprings are used at both ends of the bed, then often the springs I can be omitted. Springs I3 will act to permit an additional swinging movement of the. bed which is cushioned by their elasticity. The eccen-' tric 3| imparts an additional oscillating movement to the shaft section 35.
The gearing arrangement and the rheostat permit the operator to obtain almost any desirable speed of movement. In this way the movements can be arranged and varied to suit the particular case being treated.
The box 2 serving as a therapeutic bed is not bound to a rectangular'shape in its section; it may be suitable in some cases, to give the box 2 an elliptical form (Fig. 6). By this means the box bed becomes as small and light as possible. As the elliptical form accommodates itself to the human body which has likewise essentially an elliptical cross section, unfilled places are avoided and volume and weight of the box can be reduced to a minimum.
What I claim is:
1. In an, apparatus for treating patients by bodily movements, a box for holding the patient, means to support said box to turn about a'substantially horizontal axis, said means including a shaft, means for connecting said shaft to one end of the box, a motor, means to connect said" motor to said shaft to turn the same, a second shaft driven by said motor, an eccentric mounted on said second shaft, and means connecting said eccentric to said first shaft to impart lateral movemet to said first shaft.
.2. In an apparatus for treating patients bybodily movements, a pair of substantially horizontal aligned shaft members, a spring device carried by one of said shaft members, a box for holdingthe patient secured at one end*to. .the
second shaft and at the other end to said spring device, means to adjust the points of connection of the-shaft member having said spring device to said box, and motor driven means to impart atransverse movement to the end of the box which is connected to said spring device.
3. In an apparatus for treating patients by bodily movements, a divided shaft, a spring having a pair of parallel members one of which is connected to one, and the other is connected to the other part of said divided shaft, means for moving said shaft about its axis, a box for holding the patient, and means for operatively 0011- meeting said box to said shaft in various positions with respect to the axis of the shaft.
4. In an apparatus for treating patients by bodily movements, axially aligned and axially spaced shaft members, a box arranged between the inner ends of said shaft members, and an end plate at one of the outer ends of said box which end plate has a plurality of holes for the shaft member.
5. In an'apparatus for treating patients by.- -bodily movements, axiallyaligned and axially spaced shaft members, a box arranged between the inner ends of said shaft members, and a slotted part for operatively. connecting, one of the outer ends of said box to the inner, end-of the corresponding shaft in various positions with re spect to the axis of said shaft members.
. 6 KAROL MAYER. f'
v '55:; reception of the inner end of the corresponding