|Publication number||US2009583 A|
|Publication date||Jul 30, 1935|
|Filing date||Jul 11, 1934|
|Priority date||Jul 11, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2009583 A, US 2009583A, US-A-2009583, US2009583 A, US2009583A|
|Inventors||Hunt William W|
|Original Assignee||Hunt William W|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 30, 1935. w. w. HUNT 2,009,583
TRAP FOR INSECTS AND RODENTS Filed July 11, 1934 IN VEN TOR.
Patented July 30, 1935 UNITED STATES "P .r1"r.1-1T OFFlCE This invention relates to improvements in traps for insects and rodents, and more particularly to an improved and simplified lightweight trap structure, so designed as to induce andfacilitate the entrance of rodents and insects, while preventingtheir escape when once entrapped.
A general object of thepresent invention is to provide an improved trap of cage type, into which animals and insects are effectively lured by food the trap being of such construction as to facilitate cleaning and the maintenance oflall parts. of the structurein a sanitary condition.
An additional object of the invention is obtained in an improved, easily fabricated entrance structure, so designed as to" facilitate and induce the entrance'of the animal life to be entrapped, and .at the same time providing a sturdy rigid structure susceptible of economical assembly, and which may be formed entirely of stock materials.
Further advantages and objectives of the in.- vention will be in'part expressed and in part im-J plied by. reference to the following specification and'theacco'mpanying drawing, in which:
. Fig. 1 is a top or plan view'of alcombin'ation insect, and-.r0dent.trap embodying the major featuresof myinvention; Fig. 2. is a vertical'sedtional elevation as viewed along a plane corresponding to line 22 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is an en- 30; larged sectional detail of an entrance tube structure such as shown by Figs. 1 and 2, and Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional elevation of an entrance tube structure of slightly modified form.
My preference in embodying the invention is to provide a cage or ,body formed of wire cloth or similar material such as screen wire, the body of the cage being indicated at 5. The inverted bowl, shape, or dome-like aspect results in an open lower side, which, for purposes of strengthening and preserving the shape of the body, is marginally secured, as by crimping, to a circular band 5, the crimped joint being indicated at 1. The reinforcing band or rim 6 is provided about its lower extremity with a roll edge or head 8.
As a bottom closure and bait pan, there is provided a preferably circular imperforate element 9, the outer margins of which are flanged as at l0, and the adjacent angular portion ll of which serves closely to engage the inner surface portion of bead 8, whereby the pan 9 is detachably and frictionally associated with the body or cage structure.
Disposed, by preference, centrally or axially of the bowl-like cage structure, is an entrance port or otherwise, and in which they may be destroyed,
l2 of a sectional area or diameter suitable for the access of small rodents and insects. Depending from the entranceport, centrally or axially of the cage 5, is a tube I 3. Although this element may be formed of any reasonably flexible light material,
it is my preference to'utilize a reticulate metal consisting say of screen, wire cloth or the like, conveniently corresponding to the material constituting the body or cage 5. As best appears from Fig. 2, the tube I3 is somewhat constricted or converging in sectional area 'ordiameter between its outer andinner ends. V obviously be initially determined according to the requirements of the trap- For example, in case the structure is utilized for roaches, water bugs or like insects, the inner end I of the entrance tube is-advisedly constricted to assume an elongate oval section such as shown by dotted lines, Fig. 1. For entrapment of small rodents such as mice, the end' i4 may-be enlarged'to approximate a circular section, appropriate alteration or adjustment being easily made from time to time to care for animal-life of'different sizesl c I'am aware that screen wire cages have hereto.- fore been employed in forming traps for insects. Protracted experiments indicate however'that a vast difference exists in the effectiveness of such traps under similar conditions, and that such differenceaare due primarily to differences inform and structure of the" avenues of ingress. As a re sult of the comparisons aforesaid, I have evolved an entrance structure which in use has proven substantially more effective for its intended purpose than others heretofore offered to the trade or known in the art.
An entrance tube of sheet metal of non-reticulate nature has been found, as a result of side-byside comparisons with the traps herein disclosed, to be relatively unattractive to insects. This is probably due in part to a lack of foot-hold as the insect descends the tube, resulting in an instinctive reluctance to undertake such descent.
Screen wire entrance portions of older form, if attempted to be constituted by integral portions of the cage body, are difficult or impossible to form without extreme distortion of the wire cloth, often resulting in breakage of the material.
In the trap embodying the present invention I have attained a desirable rigidity of entrance structure, and have provided at the same time, an entrance tube which is attractive to the insects to be entrapped. The advantages,for the present purpose, of wire cloth or screen are realized by the utilization of this material in forming the tube proper, say by rolling the wire cloth This sectional area may and securing the overlapped margins of the tube material by wire staples (not shown).
The outer or large end [5 of the tube is internally engaged by a grommet it, which may be formed of metal, rubber, or other suitable material, the washer-like portion of the grommet lying in a plane transverse to the axis of the tube l3, being located exteriorly of and surrounding the entrance port so as to constitute a facing or framing therefor. According to Figs. 2 and 3, the outer end of tube I3 is exteriorly embraced by an additional grommet H. The tubular or sleeve part of grommet I1 is brought to register with the corresponding portion of grommet l6, and the washer-like flange portion of grommet I1 is brought to bear against the. inner surface of the cage wall about the port l2. The diameters of the sleeve portions of the grommets are so selected that, with the wire of tube l3 therebetween, the tube is securely gripped and positioned thereby, and when the grommets are forced together in assembly, their washer-like portions embrace and grip therebetween the material of the cage wall lying about the entrance port, so that the tube, grommets and entire entrance structure are firmlypositioned in assembly.
An alternate form of securement structure is illustrated by Fig. 4, in which a tube I8 and grommet l9 are or may be related similarly to parts l3 and I6 of Figs. 2 and 3; A difference is noted however in that, inFig. 4, a washerjfl is substituted for the grommet I'I, being sleeved over the tube and inner grommet, and clampingly securing the two wire cloth elements in assembly.
In either of the arrangements illustrated, the outer end margin of tubes [3 and I8 may be swaged or flanged as at 2|, altho a satisfactorily rigid structure results without such a flange, which, at a saving in production costs, is omitted from the trapsnow inmanufacturea In the use of the trap, a bait selected according to the life to be lured, is disposed on the bait pan; the trap is then closed, disposed in or near a. runway, and after the insects are collected, the trap and contents are conveniently sub merged in scalding water or a suitable solution. Discharge of the contents, followed by liquid treatment for sanitation, render the trap ready for rebaiting and further use.
It will appear from the description of parts of the device and their assembly, that the entire structure may be constructed of stock materials, at low cost, and that the trap fully attains each of the several objects heretofore enumerated and implied.
Since the embodiments of the invention herein described and illustrated are susceptible of many changes in the parts, their combinations and manner of assembly, the description is I not to be understood as limiting the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims hereunto appended.
I claim as my invention:
1. An entrance structure for an insect or animalcage provided with an entrance port, the structure including an entrance tube of metal projecting inwardlyof the port, and a pair of coacting clamping elements engaging each other in sleeved relation, the elements frictionally and clampingly receiving. therebetween, an end portion of the entrance tube and a portion of the cage wall disposed about the port. Y
2. An entrance structure for an insect and animal cage provided with an entrance port, the structure including an entrance tube of reticulate material projecting inwardly of the port, a grommet forming anexterior facing for the port, a washer structure embracing a portion of the grommet, the grommet and washer structure clampingly embracing the outer end portion of the entrance tube and the wall material about the port, whereby to secure the entrance tube in assembled relation to the cage. r 1 3. An entrance structure for an insect and animal cage of wire cloth type and provided with an entrance. port, the structure including an entrance tube formed of wire cloth and extending from the port toward the interior of the cage, a pair ofgrommets having portions of differential diameter, the smaller thereof being telescopically received by the larger, the outer end of the en trance tube and the cage material about said entrance port being grippingly received between, and frictionally positioned in assembled relation by the grommets, the'outermost grommet con stituting a smooth framing'or facing exterior of the cage wall about the entrance port.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4411094 *||Feb 18, 1982||Oct 25, 1983||Daniela Spackova||Electronic roach trap|
|WO2005122757A1 *||Jun 14, 2005||Dec 29, 2005||David Hoyle||Animal trap|
|International Classification||A01M23/08, A01M23/00, A01M1/10, A01M1/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A01M23/08, A01M2200/011, A01M1/103|
|European Classification||A01M1/10C, A01M23/08|