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Publication numberUS20100108272 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 12/261,565
Publication dateMay 6, 2010
Filing dateOct 30, 2008
Priority dateOct 30, 2008
Publication number12261565, 261565, US 2010/0108272 A1, US 2010/108272 A1, US 20100108272 A1, US 20100108272A1, US 2010108272 A1, US 2010108272A1, US-A1-20100108272, US-A1-2010108272, US2010/0108272A1, US2010/108272A1, US20100108272 A1, US20100108272A1, US2010108272 A1, US2010108272A1
InventorsJohn P. Karidis
Original AssigneeInternational Business Machines Corporation
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air barrier for datacenter usage which automatically retracts when fire sprinklers are activated
US 20100108272 A1
An air barrier structure located in an airflow passageway for datacenter usage, which is automatically retractable upon activation of fire sprinklers in the event of a conflagration. The barrier structure is a shade-type roll up member, which in the absence of any complex mechanical structure, will automatically retract about a spring-loaded roller upon the activation of a fire sprinkler, and whereby the barrier incorporates water-soluble structural aspects which will facilitate such automatic retraction upon being impinged upon and dissolved by a flow of water emanating from the fire sprinkler.
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1. At least one barrier structure located in an airflow passageway between a ceiling mounting fire sprinkler and an upper surface of a computer rack in a datacenter, said at least one air barrier structure comprising:
a spring-biased roller attachable to said ceiling;
a shade member constituted of a flexible air-impervious material having an upper end fastened to said roller, said roller normally imparting a biasing force for winding said shade member upward about said roller;
a rod member attached to a bottom edge of said shade member;
a hold-down structure fastenable to the upper surface of said computer rack, said hold-down structure including a further rod member;
water-soluble elements interconnecting said rod member at the bottom edge of said shade member with said further rod member of the hold-down structure for retaining said shade member in a downwardly extended airflow blocking condition in said passageway; and
channeling structure connected to said shade member in close proximity with said water-soluble elements, whereby upon activation of a fire sprinkler responsive to a conflagration, water emanating therefrom is channeled to said water-soluble elements to dissolve the latter so as to release the interconnection between said barrier structure and the hold-down structure and facilitating the upward retraction of said shade member.
  • [0001]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0002]
    The present invention relates to an air barrier structure located in an air flow passageway for datacenter usage, which is automatically retractable upon activation of fire sprinklers in the event of a conflagration.
  • [0003]
    In the present state of the data processing technology, large datacenters are employed, which require the consumption of huge amounts of electricity, and thereby frequently necessitate that extensive amounts of air be conveyed across computer racks of such datacenters in order to conduct heat that is generated by the electronic components in the computer racks to computer room air conditioner units (CRAC), or to other suitable air cooling arrangements.
  • [0004]
    2. Discussion of the Prior Art
  • [0005]
    A problem which is frequently encountered in such datacenter installations is an undesirable mixing of flows of air of widely divergent temperatures emanating from hot-air aisles and from cold-air aisles between the computer racks, and wherein even the direct recirculation of hot air, which is exhausted proximate the top of a rack or racks, passes over the upper surface or top of the racks or adjoining racks and is resultingly sucked into the front of a rack normally employed for cooling. However, the cooling efficiency of the datacenter can be significantly increased in the instance in which the respective hot-aisle and the cold-aisle can be partitioned from each other so as to minimize or inhibit any exchange of air flows therebetween.
  • [0006]
    At this time, there are systems in existence which fully enclose the hot-aisle structure, however, these systems are expensive to manufacture and require extensive installations and the use of specific in-row coolers. Many datacenters would improve upon their cooling by simply blocking recirculation of an air flow across the tops of the racks, which can be implemented with inexpensive materials installed downstream of the racks. Nevertheless, in many locales, the promulgation of fire-safety codes do not allow for the positioning of any flow-restricting barricades between the tops of the racks and the level of the ceiling or sprinkler levels of the datacenter installation, in order to ensure that water emanating from fire sprinklers can adequately reach all areas of the datacenter when the sprinklers are triggered by a conflagration. Therefore, the technology is in need of an inexpensive, easy-to-install system of barricades that can be installed in a variable height space above any computer rack, but which would not interfere with the function of activated fire sprinklers.
  • [0007]
    Accordingly, pursuant to the present invention, in order to obtain the desired functions in separating the air flows between the hot-air and cold-air aisles, of the computer racks, there are provided suitable barriers which will permit fire sprinklers to operate efficiently in quenching fires or conflagrations which may be encountered in the datacenters without such barriers creating obstructions.
  • [0008]
    The invention provides for self-retracting barriers to airflows that are held in their extended (airflow-blocking) orientations by incorporating water-soluble retaining members. Hereby, upon water from a fire sprinkler striking either side of the barrier, the water-soluble retainers will rapidly dissolve and the barrier will automatically retract, permitting the fire sprinklers to function as if no barrier was ever present. Although this concept may require some certifications and/or fire-code modification in some geographic locales, from an engineering standpoint, it represents a fail-safe solution in that the barrier will retract when the fire sprinklers are activated, even in the absence of any electrical power or initiation of an external control signal.
  • [0009]
    In essence, the foregoing provides for suitable airflow barrier structures, which, while serving the function of inhibiting any unwanted mixing hot-airflows and cold-airflows, between the computer racks, will concurrently facilitate the unhindered operation of fire sprinklers, and which can functionally satisfy local fire ordinances and regulations.
  • [0010]
    Although different concepts can be applied in the forming of retractable and/or collapsible barriers, pursuant to the invention, a generally simple and flexible structure resides in a so-called “window-shade” style device with a spring-loaded cylinder about which there is wrapped a barrier material. This design allows the extension of the shade-like barrier to be easily varied so that any available space can be blocked, up to the maximum length of the extended barrier. However, a typical roll-up window shade normally incorporates a clutch mechanism that prevents the shade from retracting once it has been pulled down. Typically the shade is manually retracted by extending it slightly and then quickly releasing it to thereby unlatch the clutch mechanism. Such a manual approach is obviously unacceptable in a datacenter, where automatic retraction of the barrier must be triggered by activation of the fire sprinklers.
  • [0011]
    Accordingly, in order to obviate the limitations which are currently encountered in providing air flow barriers for datacenter installations, the present invention provides for a shade-type roll up barrier, which in the absence of any complex mechanical structure, will automatically retract upon the activation of a fire sprinkler, and whereby the barrier incorporates water-soluble structural aspects which will facilitate such automatic retraction upon being impinged by a flow of water emanating from an activated fire sprinkler.
  • [0012]
    Reference may now be made to the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
  • [0013]
    FIG. 1 illustrates, in a generally diagrammatic perspective representation, an air barrier for datacenter usage which is automatically retractable responsive to activation of a fire sprinkler; and
  • [0014]
    FIG. 2 illustrates, on an enlarged scale, a fragmentary segment of the air barrier of FIG. 1, as represented by encircled portion A thereof.
  • [0015]
    Referring, in particularity to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates a barrier structure 10 which is generally in the shape of a curtain-like roll-up shade. The barrier structure has the shade portion 12 constituted of an airflow-resistant or impervious material, which may be of a fabric or other flexible consistency. The shade portion 12 may be opaque, translucent or transparent in nature.
  • [0016]
    At the upper end 14 of the barrier structure, there is a spring-loaded roller 16, which has the upper end of shade portion 12 attached thereto, and wherein the roller 16 is adapted to be fastened to a suspended ceiling of a datacenter (not shown), or to any other ceiling structure located above the upper end or end surfaces of computer racks (not shown) in a spaced relationship with the ceiling. The roller 16 is fastened to the ceiling so as to be freely rotatably about its longitudinal axis, and normally imparts a roll-up winding force to the shade portion 12 about the roller for retracting the shade portion 16.
  • [0017]
    At its lower end 18, the shade portion 12 is fastened to a termination rod member 22 extending along the bottom edge 20 of the shade portion.
  • [0018]
    Arranged in a closely spaced, parallel relationship with the termination rod member 22, is a hold-down structure 24, which may comprise a rod member 26 similar in shape to the termination rod member 22. The rod member 26 may have attachment devices 28 fastened thereto, preferably proximate the ends thereof, for attaching the hold-down structure 24 to the upper surface or surface of computer racks. These attachment devices may consist of magnets, adhesives, clips, screws, clamps, as may be applicable or practical for their physical installation.
  • [0019]
    In order to maintain the shade portion 12 in its downward extended barrier-forming position, in which it obstructs the unwanted flow of air between hot-air and cold-air aisles, during normal usage thereof in the datacenter, there are provided connections 32. As illustrated more closely in FIG. 2 of the drawings, this shows one of the connections 30 between rod members 22 and 26, as enlarged from “A” in FIG. 1, whereby these connections 30 are located at preferably the opposite ends of the rod members.
  • [0020]
    Each of the connections 30 may consist of a loop-shaped retention strap constituted of a water-soluble material, such as a film or strip, which can be heat-welded into flexible loops, lengths or other suitable shapes. The water-soluble material is adapted to rapidly (i.e., within a few seconds) dissolve upon being contacted by water.
  • [0021]
    Thus, by attaching each end of the extended barrier or shade portion 12 to the hold-down structure 34 with a separate loop 30 (or length) of the water soluble film material connecting rod members 22 and 26, it is assured that the barrier 10 will be released and the shade portion 12 spring-retracted about a roller 16 when either (or both) of the hold-down loops 30 is contacted by water from a sprinkler and resultingly dissolved. Furthermore, by attaching a preferably V-shaped plastic gutter-tray 32 at the bottom end of the extended barrier above rod member 22, it is possible to channel any water running off from either side of the shade portion 12 to at least one of the water-soluble retention loops 30. Through this type of structure, the activation of any sprinkler that sprays water onto either side of the extended shade portion 12 will quickly wet at least one of the loops 30, dissolving the latter and quickly result in the force of the spring-loaded roller 16 causing upward retraction of the barrier 10 upon being released from the hold-down structure 24. Long or contiguous sections constituted of barriers 10 can be created simply by mounting several of these in end-to-end relationships above the computer racks (with or without some material overlap).
  • [0022]
    While it is apparent that the invention herein disclosed is well calculated to fulfill the objects stated above, it will be appreciated that numerous modifications and embodiments may be devised by those skilled in the art, and it is intended that the appended claims cover all such modifications and embodiments as fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention.
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7986526 *Feb 25, 2010Jul 26, 2011International Business Machines CorporationAcoustically absorptive apparatus for an electronics rack of a data center
US8251784 *Jun 9, 2008Aug 28, 2012International Business Machines CorporationSystem and method to route airflow through dynamically changing ducts
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US8628158 *Feb 2, 2012Jan 14, 2014Panduit Corp.Aisle containment system
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U.S. Classification160/238
International ClassificationA47G5/02
Cooperative ClassificationE06B2009/585, A62C3/16, E06B9/42
European ClassificationE06B9/42
Legal Events
Oct 30, 2008ASAssignment
Effective date: 20080930