Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS20100286140 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberUS 12/766,478
Publication dateNov 11, 2010
Filing dateApr 23, 2010
Priority dateSep 2, 2004
Also published asCA2578368A1, CA2578368C, CN101133057A, CN101133057B, DE602005021894D1, EP1791543A2, EP1791543B1, US7851472, US20090005372, WO2006024640A2, WO2006024640A3
Publication number12766478, 766478, US 2010/0286140 A1, US 2010/286140 A1, US 20100286140 A1, US 20100286140A1, US 2010286140 A1, US 2010286140A1, US-A1-20100286140, US-A1-2010286140, US2010/0286140A1, US2010/286140A1, US20100286140 A1, US20100286140A1, US2010286140 A1, US2010286140A1
InventorsBeate Schmidt, Steffen Weinbrenner, Dieter Flockerzi, Raimund Kuelzer, Hermann Tenor, Hans-Peter Kley
Original AssigneeNycomed Gmbh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Triazolophthalazines
US 20100286140 A1
Abstract
The compounds of formula I
    • in which R1 and R2 have the meanings as given in the description are novel effective PDE2 inhibitors.
Images(24)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(17)
1-14. (canceled)
15. A method for treating pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in septic shock in a patient in need thereof, comprising administering to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I
in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, or R11- and/or R111-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is 1-4C-alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenoxy, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, morpholino, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy,
R111 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, hydroxyl, or 1-4C-alkyl,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31- and/or R311-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, morpholino, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R311 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
or R31 and R311 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321- and/or R3211-substituted phenyl, mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R3211 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
or R321 and R3211 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42- and/or R421-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R421 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
or R42 and R421 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
16. The method according to claim 15, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, di-(1-4C-alkoxy)-phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is 1-4C-alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenoxy, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, morpholino, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy,
R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
17. The method according to claim 15, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, dimethoxyphenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is methyl, tertbutyl, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, phenoxy, methoxycarbonyl, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy,
R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
18. The method according to claim 15, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is methyl, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, phenoxy, methoxycarbonyl, or dimethylamino,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is methoxy,
R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
19. The method according to claim 15, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond,
A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, or methoxy,
R2 is attached in the meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is methoxy,
R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
20. The method according to claim 15, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond,
A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is fluorine, bromine, chlorine, trifluoromethyl, methyl or methoxy,
R2 is attached in the meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is methoxy,
R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino or morpholino,
R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, or 4N-ethyl-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
21. The method according to claim 15, in which
R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl, 2-methoxy-phenyl, 2-bromo-phenyl, 2-fluoro-phenyl, 2-(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl, 2-chloro-phenyl, 4-bromo-phenyl or 2-methyl-phenyl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
22. The method according to claim 15, wherein the compound of formula I is selected from the group consisting of
Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide,
Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide, and
1-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-1-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-methanone.
23. A method for treating acute or chronic airway disorders in a patient in need thereof, comprising administering to said patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I
in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, or R11- and/or R111-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is 1-4C-alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenoxy, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, morpholino, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy,
R111 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, hydroxyl, or 1-4C-alkyl,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31- and/or R311-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1 N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, morpholino, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R311 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
or R31 and R311 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321- and/or R3211-substituted phenyl, mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R3211 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
or R321 and R3211 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42- and/or R421-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R421 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
or R42 and R421 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
wherein the acute or chronic airway disorder is selected from the group consisting of rhinitis, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, emphysema and COPD.
24. The method according to claim 23, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, di-(1-4C-alkoxy)-phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is 1-4C-alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenoxy, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, morpholino, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy,
R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
25. The method according to claim 23, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, dimethoxyphenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is methyl, tertbutyl, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, phenoxy, methoxycarbonyl, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy,
R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
26. The method according to claim 23, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is methyl, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, phenoxy, methoxycarbonyl, or dimethylamino,
R2 is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is methoxy,
R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
27. The method according to claim 23, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond,
A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, or methoxy,
R2 is attached in the meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is methoxy,
R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino, or morpholino,
R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
28. The method according to claim 23, in which
R1 is —U-A, in which
U is a direct bond,
A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
R11 is fluorine, bromine, chlorine, trifluoromethyl, methyl or methoxy,
R2 is attached in the meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
R321 is methoxy,
R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino or morpholino,
R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
Het is morpholino, 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, or 4N-ethyl-piperazin-1-yl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
29. The method according to claim 23, in which
R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl, 2-methoxy-phenyl, 2-bromo-phenyl, 2-fluoro-phenyl, 2-(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl, 2-chloro-phenyl, 4-bromo-phenyl or 2-methyl-phenyl,
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
30. The method according to claim 23, wherein the compound of formula I is selected from the group consisting of
Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide,
Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide, and
1-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-1-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-methanone.
Description
    FIELD OF APPLICATION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The invention relates to novel triazolophthalazine derivatives, which can be used in the pharmaceutical industry for the production of pharmaceutical compositions.
  • KNOWN TECHNICAL BACKGROUND
  • [0002]
    Triazolophthalazines are known from prior art. For example, EP85840, WO98/04559, WO98/50385, WO99/06407 (U.S. Pat. No. 6,313,125), WO02/083140, U.S. Pat. No. 6,525,055, EP0728759 (U.S. Pat. No. 6,001,830); J. Med. Chem., (1988), 31, 1115-1123; J. Med. Chem., (2004), 47, 1807-1822, and J. Med. Chem., (2004), 47, 2176-2179 describe triazolophthalazines with various substitution patterns.
  • [0003]
    But, however, anilino-substituted triazolophthalazine derivatives in the meaning of the present invention have never been disclosed therein.
  • [0004]
    Yet however, triazolophthalazine derivatives have never been described as PDE2-inhibitors.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0005]
    It has now been found that the novel triazolophthalazine derivatives, which are described in greater details below, have surprising and particularly advantageous properties.
  • [0006]
    The invention thus relates in a first aspect (aspect a) to compounds of formula I
  • [0000]
  • [0007]
    in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
      • A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, or R11- and/or R111-substituted phenyl, in which
  • [0011]
    R11 is 1-4C-alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy, phenoxy, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R111 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, hydroxyl, or 1-4C-alkyl,
      • R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
      • R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31- and/or R311-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
      • R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, morpholino, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R311 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
      • or R31 and R311 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
      • R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321- and/or R3211-substituted phenyl, mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
      • R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R3211 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
      • or R321 and R3211 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
      • R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
      • R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
      • R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42- and/or R421-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
      • R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
      • R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, nitro, 1-4C-alkyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy, or mono- or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R421 is 1-4C-alkoxy, halogen, 1-4C-alkyl, hydroxyl, or 3-7C-cyloalkylmethoxy,
      • or R42 and R421 together are a 1-2C-alkylenedioxy group,
      • R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
      • or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
      • Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
  • [0032]
    and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0033]
    1-4C-Alkyl is a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical having 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples are the butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, propyl, isopropyl, and, particularly, the ethyl and methyl radicals.
  • [0034]
    2-4C-Alkyl is a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical having 2 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples are the butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, propyl, isopropyl and ethyl radicals.
  • [0035]
    3-7C-Cycloalkyl stands for cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and cycloheptyl, of which cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl are in particular to be mentioned.
  • [0036]
    2-4C-Alkenyl is a straight chain or branched alkenyl radical having 2 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples are the ethenyl (vinyl), 2-butenyl, 3-butenyl, 1-propenyl and the 2-propenyl (allyl) radicals.
  • [0037]
    Halogen within the meaning of the present invention is iodine or, in particular, bromine, chlorine or fluorine.
  • [0038]
    1-4C-Alkoxy represents radicals which, in addition to the oxygen atom, contain a straight-chain or branched alkyl radical having 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Examples which may be mentioned are the butoxy, isobutoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy and preferably the ethoxy and methoxy radicals.
  • [0039]
    1-4C-Alkoxycarbonyl is a carbonyl group to which one of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkoxy radicals is bonded. Examples are the methoxycarbonyl (CH3O—C(O)—) and the ethoxycarbonyl (CH3CH2O—C(O)—) radical.
  • [0040]
    3-7C-Cycloalkylmethoxy stands for cyclopropylmethoxy, cyclobutylmethoxy, cyclopentylmethoxy, cyclohexylmethoxy or cycloheptylmethoxy, of which cyclopropylmethoxy and cyclopentylmethoxy are to be emphasized.
  • [0041]
    1-2C-Alkylenedioxy stands, for example, for the methylenedioxy (—O—CH2—O—) or the ethylenedioxy radical (—O—CH2—CH2—O—).
  • [0042]
    Completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy is, for example, the 2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropoxy, the perfluoroethoxy, the 1,2,2-trifluoroethoxy and in particular the 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethoxy, the 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy, the trifluoromethoxy and the difluoromethoxy radical, of which the difluoromethoxy radical is preferred. “Predominantly” in this connection means that more than half of the hydrogen atoms of the 1-4C-alkoxy groups are replaced by fluorine atoms.
  • [0043]
    Di-1-4C-alkylamino stands for an amino group, which is substituted by two different or two identical of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkyl radicals. Examples are the dimethylamino, the diethylamino and the diisopropyl radical.
  • [0044]
    Di-(1-4C-alkoxy)-phenyl stands for a phenyl radical, which is substituted at any possible positions by two of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkoxy radicals, which may be the same or different.
  • [0045]
    Mono- or Di-1-4C-alkylamino radicals contain in addition to the nitrogen atom, one or two of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkyl radicals. Preferred are the di-1-4C-alkylamino radicals, especially the dimethylamino, the diethylamino and the diisopropylamino radical.
  • [0046]
    Phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy stands for one of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkoxy radicals, which is substituted by the phenyl radical. Examples which may be mentioned are the benzyloxy and the phenethoxy radical.
  • [0047]
    1-4C-Alkylcarbonyl is a carbonyl group to which one of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkyl radicals is bonded. An example is the acetyl radical (CH3CO—).
  • [0048]
    The heterocyclic groups mentioned herein refer, unless otherwise mentioned, to all of the possible isomeric forms thereof.
  • [0049]
    The heterocyclic groups mentioned herein refer, unless otherwise noted, in particular to all of the possible positional isomers thereof.
  • [0050]
    Such as, for example, the term pyridyl or pyridinyl, alone or as part of another group, includes pyridin-2-yl, pyridin-3-yl and pyridin-4-yl; or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl includes 1N—(R33)-piperidin-2-yl, 1N—(R33)-piperidin-3-yl and 1N—(R33)-piperidin-4-yl.
  • [0051]
    1N—(R33)-Piperidinyl stands for a piperidinyl radical which is substituted by R33 at the nitrogen atom, such as, for example, any radical, which is selected from the group consisting of piperidin-2-yl, piperidin-3-yl and piperidin-4-yl, and which is substituted by R33 at its nitrogen atom.
  • [0052]
    4N—(R322)-Piperazin-1-yl stands for a piperazin-1-yl radical which is substituted at its nitrogen atom in the 4-position by R322.
  • [0053]
    4N-(1-4C-Alkyl)piperazin-1-yl stands for a piperazin-1-yl radical which is substituted at its nitrogen atom in the 4-position by one of the abovementioned 1-4C-alkyl radicals, such as e.g. 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl.
  • [0054]
    2-(R41)-Ethyl stands for an ethyl radical substituted in 2-position by R41.
  • [0055]
    In the meaning of the present invention, it is to be understood, that, when two structural portions of the compounds according to this invention are linked via a constituent which has the meaning “bond”, then said two portions are directly attached to another via a single bond.
  • [0056]
    Constituents which are substituted as stated herein, may be substituted, unless otherwise noted, at any possible position.
  • [0057]
    The substituent R2 of compounds of formula I can be attached in the ortho, meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group, whereby preference is given to the attachement in the meta or, particularly, para position.
  • [0058]
    When any variable occurs more than one time in any constituent, each definition is independent.
  • [0059]
    Suitable salts for compounds according to this invention—depending on substitution—are all acid addition salts or all salts with bases. Particular mention may be made of the pharmacologically tolerable inorganic and organic acids and bases customarily used in pharmacy. Those suitable are, on the one hand, water-insoluble and, particularly, water-soluble acid addition salts with acids such as, for example, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, acetic acid, citric acid, D-gluconic acid, benzoic acid, 2-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)benzoic acid, butyric acid, sulphosalicylic acid, maleic acid, lauric acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, embonic acid, stearic acid, toluenesulphonic acid, methanesulphonic acid or 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, the acids being employed in salt preparation—depending on whether a mono- or polybasic acid is concerned and depending on which salt is desired—in an equimolar quantitative ratio or one differing therefrom.
  • [0060]
    On the other hand, salts with bases are—depending on substitution—also suitable. As examples of salts with bases are mentioned the lithium, sodium, potassium, calcium, aluminium, magnesium, titanium, ammonium, meglumine or guanidinium salts, here, too, the bases being employed in salt preparation in an equimolar quantitative ratio or one differing therefrom.
  • [0061]
    Pharmacologically intolerable salts, which can be obtained, for example, as process products during the preparation of the compounds according to this invention on an industrial scale, are converted into pharmacologically tolerable salts by processes known to the person skilled in the art.
  • [0062]
    According to expert's knowledge the compounds according to this invention as well as their salts may contain, e.g. when isolated in crystalline form, varying amounts of solvents. Included within the scope of the invention are therefore all solvates and in particular all hydrates of the compounds according to this invention as well as all solvates and in particular all hydrates of the salts of the compounds according to this invention.
  • [0063]
    Compounds according to this invention worthy to be mentioned are those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
      • A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, di-(1-4C-alkoxy)-phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
      • R11 is 1-4C-alkyl, halogen, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, completely or predominantly fluorine-substituted 1-4C-alkoxy, phenoxy, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
  • [0068]
    R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
      • R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
      • R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
      • R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy,
      • R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
      • R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
      • R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
      • R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
      • R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
      • or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
      • Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0082]
    Compounds according to this invention more worthy to be mentioned are those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
      • A is phenyl, pyridinyl, thiophenyl, dimethoxyphenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
      • R11 is methyl, tertbutyl, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, ethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, phenoxy, methoxycarbonyl, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
      • R2 is amino, carboxyl, 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
      • R3 is 1-4C-alkyl, 2-4C-alkenyl, 3-7C-cycloalkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-4C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
      • R31 is 1-4C-alkoxy, morpholino, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R32 is hydroxyl, phenyl-1-4C-alkoxy, 1-4C-alkoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, di-1-4C-alkylamino, morpholino, or 4N—(R322)-piperazin-1-yl, in which
      • R321 is 1-4C-alkoxy,
      • R322 is 1-4C-alkyl,
      • R33 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, or 1-4C-alkylcarbonyl,
      • R4 is hydrogen, 1-4C-alkyl, R41-substituted 2-4C-alkyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
      • R41 is hydroxyl, 1-4C-alkoxy, di-1-4C-alkylamino, or morpholino,
      • R42 is 1-4C-alkoxy, or di-1-4C-alkylamino,
      • R5 is hydrogen, or 1-4C-alkyl,
      • or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
      • Het is morpholino, or 4N-(1-4C-alkyl)-piperazin-1-yl,
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0101]
    Compounds according to this invention in particular worthy to be mentioned are those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is a direct bond, or methylene (—CH2—),
      • A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
      • R11 is methyl, chlorine, fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl, methoxy, phenoxy, methoxycarbonyl, or dimethylamino,
      • R2 is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
      • R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
      • R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
      • R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
      • R321 is methoxy,
      • R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
      • R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
      • R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino, or morpholino,
      • R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
      • R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
      • or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
      • Het is morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl,
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0119]
    Compounds according to this invention in more particular worthy to be mentioned are those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is a direct bond,
      • A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
      • R11 is fluorine, bromine, trifluoromethyl, or methoxy,
      • whereby in particular
      • R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl, 2-methoxy-phenyl, 2-bromo-phenyl, 2-fluoro-phenyl, or 2-(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl;
      • R2 is attached in the meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
      • R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
      • R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
      • R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
      • R321 is methoxy,
      • R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
      • R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
      • R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino, or morpholino,
      • R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
      • R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
      • or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
      • Het is morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl,
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0139]
    Emphasis is given to compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is a direct bond,
      • A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl, in which
      • R11 is fluorine, bromine, chlorine, trifluoromethyl, methyl or methoxy,
  • [0144]
    R2 is attached in the meta or para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is amino, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, —N(H)—C(O)R3, or —C(O)—N(R4)R5, in which
      • R3 is methyl, vinyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, R31-substituted phenyl, furanyl, imidazol-4-yl, pyridinyl, R32-substituted 1-2C-alkyl, or 1N—(R33)-piperidinyl, in which
      • R31 is methoxy, morpholino, or dimethylamino,
      • R32 is hydroxyl, benzyloxy, methoxy, phenyl, R321-substituted phenyl, dimethylamino, morpholino, or 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, in which
      • R321 is methoxy,
      • R33 is hydrogen, methyl, or acetyl,
      • R4 is hydrogen, methyl, 2-(R41)-ethyl, phenyl, R42-substituted phenyl, or pyridinyl, in which
      • R41 is hydroxyl, methoxy, dimethylamino or morpholino,
      • R42 is methoxy, or dimethylamino,
      • R5 is hydrogen, or methyl,
      • or R4 and R5 together and with inclusion of the nitrogen atom, to which they are bonded, form a heterocyclic ring radical Het, in which
      • Het is morpholino, 4N-methyl-piperazin-1-yl, or 4N-ethyl-piperazin-1-yl
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0157]
    A special interest in the compounds according to this invention refers to those compounds of formula I which are included—within the scope of this invention—by one or, when possible, by more of the following special embodiments:
  • [0158]
    A special embodiment (embodiment 1) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • U is a direct bond, and
      • A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl.
  • [0161]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 2) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • U is a direct bond, and
      • A is pyridinyl or thiophenyl, such as e.g. pyridin-4-yl.
  • [0164]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 3) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • U is methylene, and
      • A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl.
  • [0167]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 3-1) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is —U-A, in which
      • U is methylene (—CH2—),
      • A is phenyl, or R11-substituted phenyl;
  • [0171]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 3-1-1) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is (4-methoxy-phenyl)-methyl;
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0174]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 4) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • U is methylene, and
      • A is pyridinyl or thiophenyl, such as e.g. thiophen-2-yl.
  • [0177]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 5) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R2 is —N(H)—C(O)R3.
  • [0179]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 6) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R2 is —C(O)—N(R4)R5.
  • [0181]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 7) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is (4-methoxy-phenyl)-methyl, or 4-methoxy-phenyl.
  • [0183]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 8) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl.
  • [0185]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 9) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is (4-methoxy-phenyl)-methyl, 2-hydroxy-phenyl, phenyl, 3-methoxycarbonyl-phenyl, or 4-methoxy-phenyl, 2-methoxy-phenyl, 2-bromo-phenyl, 2-fluoro-phenyl, or 2-(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl, or 2-chloro-phenyl, 4-bromo-phenyl, 2-methyl-phenyl.
  • [0187]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 10) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl, 2-methoxy-phenyl, 2-bromo-phenyl, 2-fluoro-phenyl, or 2-(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl.
  • [0189]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 11) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is 2-bromo-phenyl.
  • [0191]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 12) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R2 is —N(H)—C(O)R3, in which
      • R3 is 1N—H-piperidinyl, especially 1N—H-piperidin-2-yl or 1N—H-piperidin-3-yl.
  • [0194]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 13) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R2 is attached in the meta position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold.
  • [0196]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 14) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R2 is attached in the para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold.
  • [0198]
    Another special embodiment (embodiment 15) of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I comprising one or more of the following:
      • R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl;
      • R2 is attached in the para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold; and
      • R2 is —N(H)—C(O)R3, in which
      • R3 is 1N—H-piperidinyl;
      • and the salts of these compounds.
  • [0204]
    A special group of the compounds according to the present invention refers to those compounds of formula I, in which
      • R1 is 4-methoxy-phenyl, or 2-bromo-phenyl,
      • R2 is attached in the para position with respect to the binding position in which the phenyl ring is bonded to the amino group of the triazolophthalazine scaffold, and is —N(H)—C(O)R3, in which
      • R3 is 1N—H-piperidinyl, especially 1N—H-piperidin-2-yl or 1N—H-piperidin-3-yl.
  • [0208]
    The compounds according to the invention can be prepared e.g. as described exemplarily as follows and according to the following specified reaction steps, or, particularly, in a manner as described by way of example in the following examples, or analogously or similarly thereto according to preparation procedures or synthesis strategies known to the person skilled in the art.
  • [0209]
    As shown in reaction scheme 1 below, compounds of formula I, in which R1 and R2 have those of the abovementioned meanings which are suitable for the conditions of the nucleophilic substitution reaction in which they are built, can be obtained from corresponding compounds of formula II, in which X is a suitable leaving group, particularly chlorine, by reaction with corresponding aniline derivatives of formula III.
  • [0210]
    Said nucleophilic substitution reaction can be carried out as described in the following examples or as known to the skilled person; thus, depending on the reactivity of the reactants, it can be carried out by melting the reaction partners without solvent together or by reacting the reaction partners in a suitable solvent, such as e.g. N,N-dimethylformamide, in the presence of a suitable base, such as e.g. sodium hydride or potassium carbonate, at a temperature to allow the reaction to procede (this may be e.g., depending on the reactants, ambient temperature, elevated temperature, or reflux temperature of the solvent used or, under appropriate conditions, beyond it), optionally under microwave irradiation.
  • [0211]
    Compounds of formula III are known or can be obtained in a known manner.
  • [0212]
    Compounds of formula II can be obtained as described later herein.
  • [0000]
  • [0213]
    Isoamides of formula Ia′ as shown below, in which R1 and R3 have the abovementioned meanings, especially those, which are not accessible by the synthesis strategy shown in reaction scheme 1 above, can be obtained as shown in reaction scheme 2 below by acylation of compounds of formula Ia, in which R1 has the meanings given above, with compounds of formula R3-C(O)Y, in which Y is a suitable leaving group, such as e.g. chlorine, under conditions habitual per se to the skilled person.
  • [0214]
    Alternatively, compounds of the formula Ia′ can also be prepared from the corresponding compounds of formula la and corresponding compounds of formula R3-C(O)Y, in which Y is hydroxyl, by reaction with amide bond linking reagents known to the person skilled in the art under conditions customary to the skilled person. Exemplary amide bond linking reagents known to the person skilled in the art which may be mentioned are, for example, the carbodiimides (e.g. dicyclohexylcarbodiimide or, preferably, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride), azodicarboxylic acid derivatives (e.g. diethyl azodicarboxylate), uronium salts [e.g. O-(benzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate or O-(benzotriazol-1yl)-N,N,N′,N′-tetramthyl-uronium-hexafluorophosphate] and N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole. In the scope of this invention 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC or EDCI) is particularly to be mentioned.
  • [0000]
  • [0215]
    Compounds of formula R3-C(O)Y are known or can be obtained in a known manner.
  • [0216]
    Compounds of formula Ia can be obtained directly as shown in reaction scheme 1 and described above by using diaminobenzene; or they are accessible by reduction of the nitro group of compounds of formula I, in which R1 has the meanings mentioned above and R2 is nitro, with the aid of an appropriate reducing agent, such as e.g. tin dichloride.
  • [0217]
    Compounds of formula I, in which R1 has the meanings mentioned above and R2 is nitro, can be obtained according to reaction scheme 1.
  • [0218]
    Amides of formula Ib′ as shown below, in which R1, R4 and R5 have the abovementioned meanings, especially those, which are not accessible by the synthesis strategy shown in reaction scheme 1 above, can be obtained as shown in reaction scheme 3 below by amidification of benzoic acids of formula Ib, in which R1 has the meanings given above, with corresponding amines of formula HN(R4)R5 under conditions customary per se to the skilled person.
  • [0219]
    This amidification reaction can be carried out in the presence of suitable amide bond linking reagents, such as e.g. those mentioned above, particularly 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC or EDCI).
  • [0000]
  • [0220]
    Compounds of formula HN(R4)R5 are known or can be obtained in a known manner.
  • [0221]
    Benzoic acids of formula Ib, in which R1 has the meanings given above, can be prepared by saponification of corresponding ester compounds of formula I, in which R2 is 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, particularly methoxycarbonyl.
  • [0222]
    Compounds of formula I, in which R1 has the meanings mentioned above and R2 is 1-4C-alkoxycarbonyl, particularly methoxycarbonyl, can be obtained according to reaction scheme 1.
  • [0223]
    Starting compounds of formula II can be obtained as shown in reaction scheme 4 or as specified in the following examples; or they are art-known, such as e.g. from R. W. Carling et al., J. Med. Chem. Vol. 47, No. 7, 1807-1822 (2004), or they can be prepared according to known procedures or analogously or similarly to art-described compounds.
  • [0000]
  • [0224]
    Compounds of formula II, in which R1 has the meanings mentioned above and X is a suitable leaving group, particularly chlorine, can be obtained from corresponding compounds of formula IV either in one step by cyclization reaction with corresponding compounds of formula R1-C(O)Z, in which Z is a suitable leaving group, such as e.g. chlorine; or in two steps via the isolatable intermediate of formula III, which is accessible by acylation of compounds of formula IV and which can be further reacted to desired compounds of formula II by condensation reaction.
  • [0225]
    Said reactions can be carried out as described in the following examples, or under conditions known to the skilled person or analogously to art-known reactions similar thereto. Thus, the aforementioned one-step cyclization reaction can be carried out similarly as described in J. Med. Chem. Vol. 31, 1988, p. 1115, in a suitable solvent, such as e.g. toluene, pyridine or dioxane, in the presence of a suitable base (e.g. triethylamine) at elevated temperature or the reflux temperature of the solvent used.
  • [0226]
    Compounds of formula IV can be obtained by nucleophilic substitution of compounds of formula V, in which X and X′ can be the same and are suitable leaving groups, particularly X and X′ are both chlorine, and hydrazine.
  • [0227]
    Compounds of formulae R1-C(O)Z and V are known or can be obtained in a known manner.
  • [0228]
    It is to be understood for the skilled worker, that certain compounds of formula I according to this invention can be converted into further compounds of formula I by art-known synthesis strategies and reactions habitual per se to a person of ordinary skill in the art, like e.g. as described above.
  • [0229]
    It is moreover known to the person skilled in the art that if there are a number of reactive centers on a starting or intermediate compound it may be necessary to block one or more reactive centers temporarily by protective groups in order to allow a reaction to proceed specifically at the desired reaction center. A detailed description for the use of a large number of proven protective groups is found, for example, in “Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis” by T. Greene and P. Wuts (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1999, 3rd Ed.) or in “Protecting Groups (Thieme Foundations Organic Chemistry Series N Group” by P. Kocienski (Thieme Medical Publishers, 2000).
  • [0230]
    The substances of formula I according to the invention are isolated and purified in a manner known per se, for example by distilling off the solvent under reduced pressure and recrystallizing the residue obtained from a suitable solvent or subjecting it to one of the customary purification methods, such as, for example, column chromatography on a suitable support material.
  • [0231]
    Salts are obtained by dissolving the free compound in a suitable solvent (e.g. a ketone, such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone or methyl isobutyl ketone, an ether, such as diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran or dioxane, a chlorinated hydrocarbon, such as methylene chloride or chloroform, or a low-molecular-weight aliphatic alcohol, such as ethanol or isopropanol) which contains the desired acid or base, or to which the desired acid or base is then added. The salts are obtained by filtering, reprecipitating, precipitating with a nonsolvent for the addition salt or by evaporating the solvent. Salts obtained can be converted into the free compounds, which can in turn be converted into salts, by alkalization or by acidification. In this manner, pharmacologically unacceptable salts can be converted into pharmacologically acceptable salts.
  • [0232]
    Suitably, the conversions mentioned in this invention can be carried out analogously or similarly to methods which are familiar per se to the person skilled in the art.
  • [0233]
    The person skilled in the art knows on the basis of his/her knowledge and on the basis of those synthesis routes, which are shown and described within the description of this invention, how to find other possible synthesis routes for compounds of formula I. All these other possible synthesis routes are also part of this invention.
  • [0234]
    Having described the invention in detail, the scope of the present invention is not limited only to those described characteristics or embodiments. As will be apparent to persons skilled in the art, modifications, analogies, variations, derivations, homologisations and adaptations to the described invention can be made on the base of art-known knowledge and/or, particularly, on the base of the disclosure (e.g. the explicite, implicite or inherent disclosure) of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention as defined by the appended claims.
  • [0235]
    The following examples serve to illustrate the invention further without restricting it. Likewise, further compounds of formula I, whose preparation is not explicitly described, can be prepared in an analogous or similar manner or in a manner familiar per se to the person skilled in the art using customary process techniques.
  • [0236]
    The compounds of formula I according to the present invention which are mentioned in the following examples, particularly which are mentioned as final compounds, as well as their salts are a preferred subject of the present invention.
  • [0237]
    In the examples, MS stands for mass spectrum, calc. for calculated, fnd. for found, and other abbreviations have their meanings customary per se to the skilled person.
  • Examples
  • [0238]
    Final Compounds:
  • 1. N-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]benzene-1,4-diamine
  • [0239]
    1.0 g 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and 2.7 g p-phenylene-diamine are stirred at 170° C. for 5 h. The reaction mixture is diluted with 6 ml ethanol and the precipitate is filtered with suction. The solid is recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide to yield 1.04 g of the title compound (m.p.: 295° C.).
  • [0240]
    EF: C22 H18 N6 O (382.43) found: [M+1] 383.3
  • [0241]
    Alternative reaction procedure I:
  • [0242]
    100 mg 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1), 1-3 mmol of the appropriate aniline derivative and 30 mg potassium carbonate are stirred in 2,5 ml N,N-dimethylformamide at 140° C. for 4 h or at 200° C. for 10 min under microwave irradiation. The reaction mixture is diluted with dichloromethane/water or sodium hydroxide solution, the precipitate is filtered with suction, washed with water and recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide.
  • [0243]
    Alternative reaction procedure II:
  • [0244]
    2.5 mmol of the appropriate aniline derivative and 2.5 mmol sodium hydride (60%) in 2.5 ml N,N-dimethylformamide are treated with 100 mg 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) at ambient temperature. After 10 min the reaction mixture is added to water, the precipitate is filtered with suction and the solid is recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide.
  • [0245]
    Alternative work up procedure:
  • [0246]
    The product is purified by column chromatography via silica gel.
  • 2. N-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]benzene-1,3-diamine
  • [0247]
    Starting from 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and m-phenylene-diamine, the title compound can be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • [0248]
    m.p.: 295° C.
  • [0249]
    EF: C22 H18 N6 O (382.43) found: [M+1] 383.3
  • [0250]
    Starting from N-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine (compound 1) and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivatives the following compounds 3 to 26 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 22.
  • 3. C-Dimethylamino-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0251]
    C26 H25 N7 O2 MS: calc. C26 H25 N7 O2 (467.53) found [M+1] 467.9
  • 4. 2-Methoxy-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0252]
    C25 H22 N6 O3 MS: calc. C25 H22 N6 O3 (454.49) found [M+1] 454.8
  • 5. 3-Methoxy-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-propionamide
  • [0253]
    C26 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C26 H24 N6 O3 (468.52) found [M+1] 469.0
  • 6. 3-Methoxy-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0254]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 7. Dimethylamino-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0255]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 529.7
  • 8. Dimethylamino-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0256]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 530.0
  • 9. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-isonicotinamide
  • [0257]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.8
  • 10. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-nicotinamide
  • [0258]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.9
  • 11. 1H-Imidazole-4-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0259]
    C26 H20 N8 O2 MS: calc. C26 H20 N8 O2 (476.50) found [M+1] 476.7
  • 12. Piperidine-2-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0260]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.8
  • 13. Piperidine-3-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0261]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.8
  • 14. 1-Acetyl-piperidine-4-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0262]
    C30 H29 N7 O3 MS: calc. C30 H29 N7 O3 (535.61) found [M+1] 535.9
  • 15. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-2-phenyl-acetamide
  • [0263]
    C30 H24 N6 O2 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O2 (500.56) found [M+1] 500.9
  • 16. 2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0264]
    C31 H26 N6 O3 MS: calc. C31 H26 N6 O3 (530.59) found [M+1] 531.0
  • 17. 2,2,2-Trifluoro-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0265]
    C24 H17 F3 N6 O2 MS: calc. C24 H17 F3 N6 O2 (478.44) found [M+1] 478.8
  • 18. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0266]
    C26 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C26 H22 N6 O2 (450.50) found [M+1] 450.8
  • 19. Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0267]
    C29 H28 N6 O2 MS: calc. C29 H28 N6 O2 (492.59) found [M+1] 492.8
  • 20. 2-Benzyloxy-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0268]
    C31 H26 N6 O3 MS: calc. C31 H26 N6 O3 (530.59) found [M+1] 530.9
  • 21. Furan-3-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0269]
    C27 H20 N6 O3 MS: calc. C27 H20 N6 O3 (476.50) found [M+1] 476.8
  • 22. Pyridine-2-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0270]
    To a solution of picolinic acid (0.27 mmol) and 1-hydroxybenzotriazole hydrate (0.27 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) is added 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (0.27 mmol) followed by N-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine (compound 1) (0.26 mmol). The reaction mixture is stirred at room temperature overnight and concentrated in vacuum. Water (10 mL) is added to the residue and the resulting precipitate is filtered and washed with ethyl acetate and diethylether. The solid is dried azeotropically with toluene to yield 103 mg of the title compound as light brown solid.
  • [0271]
    m.p.: 301° C.-305° C.
  • [0272]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.9
  • 23. Piperidine-4-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0273]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 494.2
  • 24. Piperidine-4-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide hydrochloride
  • [0274]
    C28 H28 Cl N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.8
  • 25. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-2-morpholin-4-yl-acetamide
  • [0275]
    C28 H27 N7 O3 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O3 (509.57) found [M+1] 509.9
  • 26. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-2-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-acetamide
  • [0276]
    C29 H30 N8 O2 MS: calc. C29 H30 N8 O2 (522.61) found [M+1] 522.8
  • [0277]
    Starting from the appropriate amino compounds selected from compounds 67 to 70 and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivatives the following compounds 27 to 31 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 22.
  • 27. Piperidine-2-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0278]
    C28 H24 F3 N7 O MS: calc. C28 H24 F3 N7 O (531.54) found [M+1] 532.1
  • 28. Piperidine-3-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(2-bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0279]
    C27 H24 Br N7 O MS: calc. C27 H24 Br N7 O (542.44) found [M+1] 542.2
  • 29. Piperidine-3-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0280]
    C28 H24 F3 N7 O MS: calc. C28 H24 F3 N7 O (531.54) found [M+1] 532.6
  • 30. Piperidine-2-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(2-bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0281]
    C27 H24 Br N7 O MS: calc. C27 H24 Br N7 O (542.44) found [M+1] 544.1
  • 31. Piperidine-2-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(2-methoxy-phenyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0282]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 494.1
  • [0283]
    Starting from 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and the appropriate aniline derivatives, the following compounds 32 to 34 can be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • 32. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0284]
    C24 H20 N6 O2 (424.47) found: [M+1] 425.3
  • 33. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0285]
    C29 H22 N6 O2 (486,54) m.p.: 323° C.
  • 34. Furan-2-carboxylic acid {4-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0286]
    C27 H20 N6 O3 (476,5) m.p.: 303° C.
  • [0287]
    Starting from N-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine (compound 2) and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivatives the following compounds 35 to 63 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 22.
  • 35. Cyclohexanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0288]
    C29 H28 N6 O2 MS: calc. C29 H28 N6 O2 (492.59) found [M+1] 492.9
  • 36. N-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0289]
    C29 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C29 H22 N6 O2 (486.54) found [M+1] 486.9
  • 37. 2-Benzyloxy-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0290]
    C31 H26 N6 O3 MS: calc. C31 H26 N6 O3 (530.59) found [M+1] 530.9
  • 38. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0291]
    C26 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C26 H22 N6 O2 (450.50) found [M+1] 451.0
  • 39. 2,2,2-Trifluoro-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0292]
    C24 H17 F3 N6 O2 MS: calc. C24 H17 F3 N6 O2 (478.44) found [M+1] 478.7
  • 40. Furan-2-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0293]
    C27 H20 N6 O3 MS: calc. C27 H20 N6 O3 (476.50) found [M+1] 476.8
  • 41. Furan-3-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0294]
    C27 H2O N6 O3 MS: calc. C27 H20 N6 O3 (476.50) found [M+1] 476.9
  • 42. 1 H-Imidazole-4-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0295]
    C26 H20 N8 O2 MS: calc. C26 H20 N8 O2 (476.50) found [M+1] 476.8
  • 43. C-Dimethylamino-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0296]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 529.9
  • 44. N-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-isonicotinamide
  • [0297]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.8
  • 45. 2-Methoxy-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0298]
    C25 H22 N6 O3 MS: calc. C25 H22 N6 O3 (454.49) found [M+1] 454.8
  • 46. 4-Methoxy-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0299]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 47. 3-Methoxy-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0300]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.8
  • 48. 2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0301]
    C31 H26 N6 O3 MS: calc. C31 H26 N6 O3 (530.59) found [M+1] 531.0
  • 49. N-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-2-phenyl-acetamide
  • [0302]
    C30 H24 N6 O2 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O2 (500.56) found [M+1] 500.9
  • 50. N-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-nicotinamide
  • [0303]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.7
  • 51. Dimethylamino-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0304]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 529.9
  • 52. C-Dimethylamino-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0305]
    C26 H25 N7 O2 MS: calc. C26 H25 N7 O2 (467.53) found [M+1] 467.9
  • 53. 3-Methoxy-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]phenyl}-propionamide
  • [0306]
    C26 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C26 H24 N6 O3 (468.52) found [M+1] 469.0
  • 54. 1-Acetyl-piperidine-4-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0307]
    C30 H29 N7 O3 MS: calc. C30 H29 N7 O3 (535.61) found [M+1] 535.9
  • 55. Pyridine-2-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0308]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.8
  • 56. Dimethylamino-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0309]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 529.9
  • 57. Piperidine-4-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0310]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.8
  • 58. Piperidine-3-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0311]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.8
  • 59. Piperidine-2-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0312]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.8
  • 60. 2-Hydroxy-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0313]
    C24 H20 N6 O3 MS: calc. C24 H20 N6 O3 (440.47) found [M+1] 440.9
  • 61. N-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acrylamide
  • [0314]
    C25 H20 N6 O2 MS: calc. C25 H20 N6 O2 (436.48) found [M+1] 436.8
  • 62. 1-Methyl-piperidine-4-carboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]phenyl}-amide
  • [0315]
    C29 H29 N7 O2 MS: calc. C29 H29 N7 O2 (507.60) found [M+1] 507.9
  • 63. Dimethylamino-N-{3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-butyramide
  • [0316]
    C28 H29 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H29 N7 O2 (495.59) found [M+1] 495.9
  • [0317]
    Starting from the appropriate amino compounds selected from compounds 71 to 74 and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivatives the following compounds 64 to 65 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 22.
  • 64. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0318]
    C25 H19 F N6 O MS: calc. C25 H19 F N6 O (438.47) found [M+1] 439.1
  • 65. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0319]
    C26 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C26 H22 N6 O2 (450.50) found [M+1] 451.1
  • [0320]
    Starting from 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and the appropriate aniline derivative, the following compound 66 can be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • 66. N-{3-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-acetamide
  • [0321]
    C24 H20 N6 O2 424.47 m.p.: 295° C.
  • [0322]
    Starting from the appropriate starting compound selected from A2 to A9 the following compounds 67 to 74 can be obtained by reduction reaction analogously as described for compound 74a; or, alternatively, the following compounds 67 to 74a can be obtained analogously as described for compound 1.
  • 67. N-[3-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine
  • [0323]
    C22 H18 N6 O MS: calc. C22 H18 N6 O (382.43) found [M+1] 383.1
  • 68. N-[3-(2-Fluorophenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine 69. N-[3-(2-Bromophenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine
  • [0324]
    C21 H15 Br N6 MS: calc. C21 H15 Br N6 (431.30) found [M+1] 431.0
  • 70. N-[3-(2-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine
  • [0325]
    C22 H15 F3 N6 MS: calc. C22 H15 F3 N6 (420.40) found [M+1] 421.0
  • 71. N-[3-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine
  • [0326]
    C22 H18 N6 O MS: calc. C22 H18 N6 O (382.43) found [M+1] 383.1
  • 72. N-[3-(2-Fluorophenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine 73. N-[3-(2-Bromophenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine
  • [0327]
    C21 H15 Br N6 MS: calc. C21 H15 Br N6 (431.30) found [M+1] 433.1
  • 74. N-[3-(2-Trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine 74a. N-[3-(2-Methyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine
  • [0328]
    To a suspension of (3-nitro-phenyl)-(3-o-tolyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]-phthalazin-6-yl)-amine (compound A10) (263 mg, 0.66 mmol) in a 2:1 mixture of glacial acetic acid and 37% hydrochloric acid (18 ml) is added tin chloride dihydrate (450 mg, 1.99 mmol). The mixture is stirred at 90° C. for 2 days. Upon cooling, the precipitate is filtered and the filtrate concentrated. Purification of residue by column chromatography (CH2Cl2/MeOH, 95:5) gives 205 mg of an off-white solid which is triturated with a 1:1 mixture of isopropanol and petroleum ether to yield 77 mg of the title compound as off-white needles.
  • [0329]
    Starting from 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and the appropriate aniline derivatives, the following compounds 75 and 76 can be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • 75. 4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid methyl ester
  • [0330]
    C24 H19 N5 O3 425.45 found: [M+1] 426.4
  • 76. 3-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid methyl ester
  • [0331]
    C24 H19 N5 O3 425.45 found: [M+1] 426.3
  • 77. 4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid
  • [0332]
    40 mg 4-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid methyl ester (compound 75), 25 mg potassium hydroxide and 150 μl water are stirred in 2 ml methanol at 100° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture is filtered with suction, the filtrate is diluted with 10 ml water and acidified to pH2-3 with 2M hydrochloric acid. The precipitate is filtered with suction, washed with water and dried to yield 23 mg of the title compound.
  • [0333]
    EF: C23 H17 N5 O3 (411.42) found: [M+1] 412.3
  • [0334]
    Alternative Reaction Procedure:
  • [0335]
    In a sealed tube, to a solution of sodium methoxide in methanol, prepared by addition of sodium (590 mg, 25.4 mmol) in anhydrous methanol (20 ml) under argon, are added 4-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid methyl ester (compound 75) (4.0 g, 9.40 mmol and diisopropylamine (32 ml). The mixture is stirred at 100° C. for 3 days and evaporated. The residue is washed with ethyl acetate and a minimum of methanol to yield 3.78 g of the title compound as light yellow powder.
  • [0336]
    m.p.: 309° C. (decomp.)
  • 78. 3-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid
  • [0337]
    Starting from 3-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid methyl ester (compound 76) the title compound can be obtained analogously as described for compound 77.
  • [0338]
    EF: C23 H17 N5 O3 (411.42) found: [M+1] 411.8
  • [0339]
    Starting from 4-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid (compound 77) and the appropriate amine derivatives, the following compounds 79 to 89 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 103.
  • 79. 4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-(2-morpholin-4-yl-ethyl)-benzamide
  • [0340]
    C29 H29 N7 O3 MS: calc. C29 H29 N7 O3 (523.60) found [M+1] 524.0
  • 80. N-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0341]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.8
  • 81. N-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0342]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 82. 4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-phenyl-benzamide
  • [0343]
    C29 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C29 H22 N6 O2 (486.54) found [M+1] 486.9
  • 83. N-(4-Dimethylamino-phenyl)-4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0344]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 529.8
  • 84. N-(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0345]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 85. 4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-methyl-benzamide
  • [0346]
    C24 H20 N6 O2 MS: calc. C24 H20 N6 O2 (424.47) found [M+1] 424.9
  • 86. N-(2-Dimethylamino-ethyl)-4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0347]
    C27 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C27 H27 N7 O2 (481.56) found [M+1] 481.7
  • 87. N-(2-Methoxy-ethyl)-4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0348]
    C26 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C26 H24 N6 O3 (468.52) found [M+1] 468.7
  • 88. 1-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-1-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-methanone
  • [0349]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 494.0
  • 89. 4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N,N-dimethyl-benzamide
  • [0350]
    C25 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C25 H22 N6 O2 (438.49) found [M+1] 439.0
  • [0351]
    Starting from 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and the appropriate aniline derivatives, the following compounds 91 and 92 can be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • 91. 4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0352]
    C23 H18 N6 O2 410.44 found: [M+1] 411.3
  • 92. 1-{4-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-1-morpholin-4-yl methanone
  • [0353]
    C27 H24 N6 O3 480.53 m.p.: 295° C.
  • [0354]
    Starting from 3-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid (compound 78) and the appropriate amine derivatives, the following compounds 90 and 93 to 108 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 103.
  • 90. N-(2-Dimethylamino-ethyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide hydrochloride
  • [0355]
    C27 H28 Cl N7 O2 MS: calc. C27 H27 N7 O2 (481.56) found [M+1] 481.8
  • 93. 1-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-1-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-methanone
  • [0356]
    C28 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H27 N7 O2 (493.57) found [M+1] 493.9
  • 94. 1-{3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-1-morpholin-4-yl-methanone
  • [0357]
    C27 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C27 H24 N6 O3 (480.53) found [M+1] 480.9
  • 95. 3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-(2-morpholin-4-yl-ethyl)-benzamide
  • [0358]
    C29 H29 N7 O3 MS: calc. C29 H29 N7 O3 (523.60) found [M+1] 523.8
  • 96. N-(2-Dimethylamino-ethyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0359]
    C27 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C27 H27 N7 O2 (481.56) found [M+1] 481.9
  • 97. 3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-pyridin-3-yl-benzamide
  • [0360]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.8
  • 98. N-(2-Hydroxy-ethyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0361]
    C25 H22 N6 O3 MS: calc. C25 H22 N6 O3 (454.49) found [M+1] 454.8
  • 99. 3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-pyridin-4-yl-benzamide
  • [0362]
    C28 H21 N7 O2 MS: calc. C28 H21 N7 O2 (487.53) found [M+1] 487.8
  • 100. N-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0363]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 101. N-(3-Methoxy-phenyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0364]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 102. N-(2-Methoxy-phenyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0365]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 516.9
  • 103. N-(4-Dimethylamino-phenyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0366]
    To a solution of 3-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid (compound 78) (100 mg, 0.24 mmol) and 1-hydroxybenzotriazole hydrate (35 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) is added 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (43 mg, 0.26 mmol) followed by N,N-dimethyl-phenylene diamine (35 mg, 0.26 mmol). The reaction mixture is stirred at room temperature for 2 days and concentrated in vacuum. Water (20 mL) is added to the residue and the resulting precipitate is filtered and washed with methanol and dichloromethane. The solid is dried azeotropically with toluene to yield 79 mg of the title compound as grey powder.
  • [0367]
    m.p.: 314° C.-318° C.
  • [0368]
    C31 H27 N7 O2 MS: calc. C31 H27 N7 O2 (529.61) found [M+1] 530.0
  • 104. 3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-phenyl-benzamide
  • [0369]
    C29 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C29 H22 N6 O2 (486.54) found [M+1] 486.8
  • 105. 3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N,N-dimethyl-benzamide
  • [0370]
    C25 H22 N6 O2 MS: calc. C25 H22 N6 O2 (438.49) found [M+1] 438.8
  • 106. N-(2-Methoxy-ethyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0371]
    C26 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C26 H24 N6 O3 (468.52) found [M+1] 468.8
  • 107. 3-[3-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-(2-morpholin-4-yl-ethyl)-benzamide hydrochloride
  • [0372]
    C29 H30 Cl N7 O3 MS: calc. C29 H29 N7 O3 (523.60) found [M+1] 523.8
  • 108. N-(2-Dimethylamino-ethyl)-3-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide hydrochloride
  • [0373]
    C27 H28 Cl N7 O2 MS: calc. C27 H27 N7 O2 (481.56) found [M+1] 481.8
  • [0374]
    Starting from 6-chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine (compound A1) and the appropriate aniline derivatives, the following compounds 109 and 110 can be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • 109. 3-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzamide
  • [0375]
    C23 H18 N6 O2 410.44 m.p.: 296° C.
  • 110. 3-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-N-methylbenzamide
  • [0376]
    C24 H20 N6 O2 424.47 m.p.: 316° C.
  • 111. N-{4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-4-morpholin-4-yl-benzamide
  • [0377]
    100 mg N-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine (compound 1), 10 mg dimethylaminopyridine and 145 mg 4-morpholin-4-yl-benzoyl chloride are stirred in 12 ml toluene for 1-3 h at boiling temperature. After cooling to ambient temperature, the precipitate is filtered with suction and the solid is recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide to yield 15 mg of the title compound (m.p.: 313° C.).
  • [0378]
    EF: C33 H29 N7 O3 (571.64) found: [M+1] 572.4
  • [0379]
    Starting from N-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,4-diamine (compound 1) and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivative the following compound 112 can be obtained analogously as compounds 3-26, as described for compound 22.
  • 112. 4-Methoxy-N-{4-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-benzamide
  • [0380]
    C30 H24 N6 O3 MS: calc. C30 H24 N6 O3 (516.56) found [M+1] 517.3
  • [0381]
    Starting from the appropriate starting nitro compounds A11 (for 113) or A12 (for 114), the following compounds 113 and 114 can be obtained by reduction reaction analogously as described for compound 74a; or, alternatively, starting from B8 (for 113) or B9 (for 114) the following compounds 113 and 114 can be obtained analogously as described for compound 1.
  • 113. N-[3-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine
  • [0382]
    C21 H15 Br N6 MS: calc. C21 H15 Br N6 (431.30) found [M+1] 431.1
  • 114. N-[3-(2-Chloro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine
  • [0383]
    C21 H15 Cl N6 MS: calc. C21 H15 Cl N6 (386.85) found [M+H] 387.0
  • [0384]
    Starting from N-[3-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl]-benzene-1,3-diamine (compound 113) and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivative the following compound 115 can be obtained analogously as compounds 3-26, as described for compound 22.
  • 115. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(4-bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0385]
    C25 H19 Br N6 O MS: calc. C25 H19 Br N6 O (499.37) found [M+H] 499.0
  • [0386]
    Starting from compound 74a (for 116) or compound 74 (for 117) and the appropriate carboxylic acid derivatives, the following compounds N6 and N7 can be obtained analogously as compounds 64/65, as described for compound 22.
  • 116. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid [3-(3-o-tolyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino)-phenyl]-amide
  • [0387]
    C26 H22 N6 O MS: calculated C26 H22 N6 O (434.5) found (M+1) 435.2
  • 117. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid {3-[3-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-amide
  • [0388]
    C26 H19 F3 N6 O MS: calculated C26 H19 F3 N6 O (488.48) found (M+1)489.1
  • [0389]
    Starting from 4-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-benzoic acid (compound 77) and the appropriate amine derivative, the following compounds 118 can be obtained analogously as compounds 79-89, as described for compound 103.
  • 118. 1-(4-Ethyl-piperazin-1-yl)-1-{4-[3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-ylamino]-phenyl}-methanone
  • [0390]
    C29 H29 N7 O2 MS: C29 H29 N7 O2 calculated 507.60 found (M+H) 508.1
  • [0391]
    Starting Compounds
  • A1. 6-Chloro-3-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine
  • [0392]
    6.0 g (4-chloro-phthalazin-1-yl)-hydrazine (compound B1) are suspended in a mixture of 160 ml toluene and 18 ml triethylamine at 60° C. and treated with a solution of 6.0 g 4-methoxy-benzoyl chloride in 48 ml toluene. The mixture is stirred at 110° C. for 6 h, cooled to ambient temperature, filtered with suction and rinsed with toluene. The solid is recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide, the precipitate is washed with water and dried to yield 5.2 g of the title compound (m.p.: 192-193° C.).
  • [0393]
    EF: C16 H11 Cl N4 O (310.75) found: [M+1] 311.2
  • [0394]
    Alternative Work Up Procedure:
  • [0395]
    The products can be purified by column chromatography via silica gel.
  • [0396]
    Starting from the appropriate starting compound B2 to B9 and the appropriate aniline derivative, the following compounds A2 to A12 may be obtained analogously to one of the procedures as described for compound 1.
  • A2. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A3. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A4. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A5. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A6. (4-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A7. (4-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A8. (4-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A9. (4-Nitro-phenyl)-{3-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl}-amine A10. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-(3-o-tolyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl)-amine A11. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-(3-(4-bromo-phenyl)-[[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl)-amine A12. (3-Nitro-phenyl)-(3-(2-chloro-phenyl)-[[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazin-6-yl)-amine B1. (4-Chloro-phthalazin-1-yl)-hydrazine
  • [0397]
    10 g commercially available dichlorophthalazine are added portionwise at 90° C. to a solution of 50 ml ethanol and 20 ml hydrazine hydrate. After 10 min the reaction mixture is cooled to ambient temperature, the precipitate is filtered with suction and rinsed with ethanol to yield 8.4 g of the title compound.
  • [0398]
    EF: C8 H7 Cl N4 (194.62) found: [M+1] 195.0
  • [0399]
    Starting from (4-chloro-phthalazin-1-yl)-hydrazine (compound B1) and the appropriate benzoic acid derivatives, the following compounds B2 to B9 can be obtained analogously to the procedure as described for compound A1 or B7.
  • B2. 6-Chloro-3-(2-methoxy-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine B3. 6-Chloro-3-(2-fluoro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine B4. 6-Chloro-3-(2-bromo-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine B5. 6-Chloro-3-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine B6. 6-Chloro-3-(2-methyl-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine B7. 6-Chloro-3-phenyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine
  • [0400]
    Step 1:
  • [0401]
    2.5 g (4-chloro-phthalazin-1-yl)-hydrazine (compound B1) are suspended in 250 ml toluene and treated with a solution of 1.7 ml benzoic acid chloride in 50 ml toluene at reflux temperature. After 2 h the reaction mixture is cooled to ambient temperature and filtered with suction. The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide to yield 1.2 g of benzoic acid (4-chloro-2H-phthalazin-1-ylidene)-hydrazide.
  • [0402]
    EF: C15 H11 Cl N4 O (298.73) found: [M+1] 299.1
  • [0403]
    Step 2:
  • [0404]
    2.5 g benzoic acid (4-chloro-2H-phthalazin-1-ylidene)-hydrazide and 1 g triethylamine hydrochloride are suspended in 60 ml ethylene glycol and stirred at 130° C. for 3 h. The reaction mixture is cooled to ambient temperature and added to 600 ml water. The product is extracted with dichloromethane, the organic layer is dried with sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is recrystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide to give the title compound.
  • [0405]
    EF: C15 H9 Cl N4 (280.72) found: [M+1] 281.2
  • [0406]
    Alternative Work Up Procedure:
  • [0407]
    The products can be purified by column chromatography via silica gel.
  • B8. 3-(4-Bromo-phenyl)-6-chloro-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine
  • [0408]
    C15 H8 Br Cl N4 MS: calc. C15 H8 Br Cl N4 (359.61) found [M+1] 358.8
  • B9. 6-Chloro-3-(2-chloro-phenyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine
  • [0409]
    C15 H8 Cl2 N4 MS: calc. C15 H8 Cl2 N4 (315.16) found [M+H] 314.8
  • [0410]
    Commercial Applicability
  • [0411]
    The compounds according to the invention have useful pharmacological properties which make them industrially utilizable. As selective inhibitors of cyclic GMP-hydrolysing phosphodiesterases (cGMP-PDE inhibitors)—prefentially of type 2—, they are suitable on the one hand as therapeutics for conditions of pathologically enhanced endothelial activity and impaired endothelial barrier function such as septic shock, vascular edema, or diseases associated with unwanted neoangiogenesis. On the other hand, given the expression of PDE2 in neuronal tissue the compounds may also be useful in neurodegenerative conditions. In addition, PDE2 is expressed in human platelets and PDE2 inhibitors were shown to suppress platelet functions. In consequence, the compounds may be used as anti-thrombotics/platelet aggregation inhibitors. Furthermore, since PDE2 was shown in myocardium the compounds may afford a potential to protect against arrhythmias.
  • [0412]
    On account of their cGMP-PDE (preferentially PDE2) inhibiting properties, the compounds according to the invention can be employed in human and veterinary medicine as therapeutics, where they can be used, for example, for the treatment and prophylaxis of the following illnesses: (1) all conditions of pathologically enhanced endothelial activity/impaired endothelial barrier function such as multi-organ failure in particular acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in septic shock, pneumonia, acute and chronic airway disorders of varying origin (rhinitis, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, emphysema, COPD), angioedema, peripheral edema, cerebral edema for example traumatic or following stroke; (2) all conditions associated with pathologically enhanced neoangiogenesis such as all kinds of tumors (benign or malignant) which are associated with neoangiogenesis and all kinds of inflammatory diseases associated with neoangiogenesis for example disorders of the arthritis type (rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid spondylitis, osteoarthritis and other arthritic conditions), all forms of psoriasis, retinal blindness, bronchial asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, transplant rejection, allograft rejections, atherosclerosis; (3) all conditions for which platelet aggregation inhibition in conjunction with reduction of enhanced endothelial activation is desireable such as thrombembolic disorders and ischaemias covering myocardial infarct, cerebral infarct, transitory ischaemic attacks, angina pectoris, peripheral circulatory disorders, prevention of restenosis after thrombolysis therapy, percutaneous translumial angioplasty (PTA), percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and bypass; (4) all types of impaired cognition in particular cognitive disorders such as mild cognitive disorder (MCI), Alzheimer's disease, Lewy-Body dementia, Parkinson's disease and cerebrovascular dementia; and (5) in cardiac arrhythmias.
  • [0413]
    The invention further relates to a method for the treatment of mammals, including humans, which are suffering from one of the above mentioned illnesses. The method is characterized in that a therapeutically active and pharmacologically effective and tolerable amount of one or more of the compounds according to the invention is administered to the ill mammal.
  • [0414]
    The invention further relates to a method for inhibiting PDE, particularly PDE2, comprising contacting said PDE with an effective amount of a compound according to the invention.
  • [0415]
    The invention further relates to a method for inhibiting PDE, particularly PDE2, comprising administering a pharmacologically active and therapeutically effective and tolerable amount of at least one compound according to the invention to a mammal in need of such inhibition.
  • [0416]
    The invention further relates to the compounds according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of illnesses, especially the illnesses mentioned.
  • [0417]
    The invention further relates to the compounds according to the invention having PDE, particularly PDE2, inhibitory activity.
  • [0418]
    The invention also relates to the use of the compounds according to the invention for the production of pharmaceutical compositions which are employed for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the illnesses mentioned.
  • [0419]
    The invention also relates to the use of the compounds according to the invention for the production of pharmaceutical compositions which are employed for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of PDE-, particularly PDE2-, associated diseases.
  • [0420]
    The invention furthermore relates to pharmaceutical compositions for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the illnesses mentioned, which contain one or more of the compounds according to the invention.
  • [0421]
    The invention moreover relates to pharmaceutical compositions having PDE, particularly PDE2, inhibitory activity.
  • [0422]
    Additionally, the invention relates to an article of manufacture, which comprises packaging material and a pharmaceutical agent contained within said packaging material, wherein the pharmaceutical agent is therapeutically effective for antagonizing the effects of the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase of type 2 (PDE2), ameliorating the symptoms of an PDE2-mediated disorder, and wherein the packaging material comprises a label or package insert which indicates that the pharmaceutical agent is useful for preventing or treating PDE2-mediated disorders, and wherein said pharmaceutical agent comprises one or more compounds of formula 1 according to the invention. The packaging material, label and package insert otherwise parallel or resemble what is generally regarded as standard packaging material, labels and package inserts for pharmaceuticals having related utilities.
  • [0423]
    The administration of the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention may be performed in any of the generally accepted modes of administration available in the art. Illustrative examples of suitable modes of administration include intravenous, oral, nasal, parenteral, topical, transdermal and rectal delivery. Intravenous and oral delivery is preferred.
  • [0424]
    The pharmaceutical compositions are prepared by processes which are known per se and familiar to the person skilled in the art. As pharmaceutical compositions, the compounds according to the invention (=active compounds) are either employed as such, or preferably in combination with suitable pharmaceutical auxiliaries and/or excipients, e.g. in the form of tablets, coated tablets, capsules, caplets, suppositories, patches (e.g. as TTS), emulsions, suspensions, gels or solutions, the active compound content advantageously being between 0.1 and 95% and where, by the appropriate choice of the auxiliaries and/or excipients, a pharmaceutical administration form (e.g. a delayed release form or an enteric form) exactly suited to the active compound and/or to the desired onset of action can be achieved.
  • [0425]
    The person skilled in the art is familiar with auxiliaries or excipients which are suitable for the desired pharmaceutical formulations on account of his/her expert knowledge. In addition to solvents, gel formers, ointment bases and other active compound excipients, for example antioxidants, dispersants, emulsifiers, preservatives, solubilizers, colorants, complexing agents or permeation promoters, can be used.
  • [0426]
    For the treatment of disorders of the respiratory tract, the compounds according to the invention are preferably also administered by inhalation in the form of an aerosol; the aerosol particles of solid, liquid or mixed composition preferably having a diameter of 0.5 to 10 μm, advantageously of 2 to 6 μm.
  • [0427]
    Aerosol generation can be carried out, for example, by pressure-driven jet atomizers or ultrasonic atomizers, but advantageously by propellant-driven metered aerosols or propellant-free administration of micronized active compounds from inhalation capsules.
  • [0428]
    Depending on the inhaler system used, in addition to the active compounds the administration forms additionally contain the required excipients, such as, for example, propellants (e.g. Frigen in the case of metered aerosols), surface-active substances, emulsifiers, stabilizers, preservatives, flavorings, fillers (e.g. lactose in the case of powder inhalers) or, if appropriate, further active compounds.
  • [0429]
    For the purposes of inhalation, a large number of apparatuses are available with which aerosols of optimum particle size can be generated and administered, using an inhalation technique which is as right as possible for the patient. In addition to the use of adaptors (spacers, expanders) and pear-shaped containers (e.g. Nebulator®, Volumatic®), and automatic devices emitting a puffer spray (Autohaler®), for metered aerosols, in particular in the case of powder inhalers, a number of technical solutions are available (e.g. Diskhaler®, Rotadisk®, Turbohaler® or the inhaler described in European Patent Application EP 0 505 321), using which an optimal administration of active compound can be achieved.
  • [0430]
    For the treatment of skin diseases, the compounds according to the invention are in particular administered in the form of those pharmaceutical compositions which are suitable for topical application. For the production of the pharmaceutical compositions, the compounds according to the invention (=active compounds) are preferably mixed with suitable pharmaceutical auxiliaries and further processed to give suitable pharmaceutical formulations. Suitable pharmaceutical formulations are, for example, powders, emulsions, suspensions, sprays, oils, ointments, fatty ointments, creams, pastes, gels or solutions.
  • [0431]
    The pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention are prepared by processes known per se. The dosage of the active compounds is carried out in the order of magnitude customary for PDE inhibitors. Topical application forms (such as ointments) for the treatment of dermatoses thus contain the active compounds in a concentration of, for example, 0.1-99%. The dose for administration by inhalation is customarly between 0.1 and 3 mg per day. The customary dose in the case of systemic therapy (p.o. or i.v.) is between 0.03 and 3 mg/kg per day.
  • [0432]
    Biological Investigations
  • [0433]
    Method for Measuring Inhibition of PDEs Activities
  • [0434]
    Abbreviations:
  • [0435]
    PDE: phosphodiesterase, PCR: polymerase chain reaction, RT-PCR: reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, dNTPs: deoxynucleoside triphosphates, RNA: ribonucleic acid, cDNA: complementary deoxyribonucleic acid, bp: basepairs, (dT)15: pentadecathymidylic acid, ORF: open reading frame, GB no.: GenBank database accession number, rBV: recombinant baculovirus, wt: wild type, aa: aminoacid, UCR: upstream conserved region, PAA: polyacrylamide.
  • [0436]
    Aminoacids are abbreviated with the 1-character symbol: A for alanine, C for cysteine, D for aspartic acid, E for glutamic acid, F for phenylalanine, G for glycine, H for histidine, I for isoleucine, K for lysine, L for leucine, M for methionine, N for asparagine, P for proline, Q for glutamine, R for arginine, S for serine, T for threonine, V for valine, W for tryptophane, Y for tyrosine.
  • [0437]
    General Methods for Cloning Recombinant PDEs
  • [0438]
    RNA was purified from cell lines using the RNeasy Mini Kit from Qiagen. 1 μg RNA was reverse transcribed into single-stranded cDNA in a 20 μl reaction using Expand Reverse Transcriptase (Roche) with 50 pM of primer (dT)15 and 1 mM dNTPs (both from Roche). 5 μl of cDNA were used as template for the subsequent PCR reaction. Human cDNAs from tissues were purchased from Clontech or Invitrogen. 1 μl was used for PCR reaction.
  • [0439]
    PCR was carried out in a Stratagene Robocycler 40 or in a MWG Primus 96 plus thermocycler. Typically, PCR was carried out with the Expand Lond Template PCR System from Roche in buffer 3 plus 0.75 mM MgCl2, 0.3 μM each primer, 500 μM dNTPs.
  • [0440]
    PCR products were purified with the High Pure PCR Product Purification Kit (Roche) or from agarose gel with the QIAquick Gel Extraction kit from Qiagen, and cloned into the pCR2.1-TOPO vector from Invitrogen. The ORFs were subcloned in baculovirus expression vectors (transfer plasmids). The pCR-Bac and pVL vectors were from Invitrogen. The pBacPak vectors (pBP8 or pBP9) were from Clontech. Restriction endonucleases were from Roche and MBI Fermentas. Modifying enzymes and T4 DNA ligase were from New England Biolabs. DNA was sequenced by the company GATC GmbH (Konstanz, Germany, www.gatc.de) or in ALTANA Pharma's lab using an ABI PRISM 310 and the Big dye terminator cycle sequencing v2 chemistry (Applied Biosystem). Sequence analysis was performed with Hitachi Software DNASIS Version 2.5 or with Vector NTI 7. When necessary, in vitro mutagenesis was eventually performed with the QuickChange Site-Directed Mutagenesis Kit from Stratagene.
  • [0441]
    Cloning of Human PDE 2A3
  • [0442]
    The PDE2A3 (GB no. U67733) was amplified in 2 steps using PCR from brain cDNA. A N-terminal fragment was isolated using primers CP1PD2AS (5′-GAGGAGTGATGGGGCAGGC-3′) and PR9PD2AA (5′-GCGAAGTGGGAGACAGAAAAG-3′), a C-terminal fragment was isolated using primers PR7PD2AS (5′-GATCCTGAACATCCCTGACG-3′) and CP3PD2AA (5′-GGGATCACTCAGCATCAAGGC-3′). The PCR products were cloned into the vector pCR2.1-Topo. The N-terminal fragment was first subcloned with EcoRI into pBluescript II KS (−), afterwards a Bst1107I/EcoRV fragment was exchanged with the corresponding restriction fragment from the C-terminal clone, to obtain a complete ORF. The ORF for the PDE2A3 was subcloned into pBP8 using XbaI and KpnI.
  • [0443]
    Expression of Recombinant PDE2
  • [0444]
    The rBV was prepared by means of homologous recombination in Sf9 insect cells. The expression plasmids were cotransfected with Bac-N-Blue (Invitrogen) or Baculo-Gold DNA (Pharmingen) using a standard protocol (Pharmingen). Wt virus-free recombinant virus supernatants were selected using plaque assay methods. After that, high-titre virus supernatants were prepared by amplifying 3 times. PDE2 was expressed in Sf21 cells by infecting 2×106 cells/ml with an MOI (multiplicity of infection) between 1 and 10 in serum-free SF900 medium (Life Technologies). Cells were cultured at 28° C., typically for 48 hours, after which they were pelleted for 5-10 min at 1000 g and 4° C. In spinner flasks, cells were cultured at a rotational speed of 75 rpm. The SF21 insect cells were resuspended, at a concentration of approx. 107 cells/ml, in ice-cold (4° C.) homogenization buffer (20 mM Tris, pH 8.2, containing the following additions: 140 mM NaCl, 3.8 mM KCl, 1 mM EGTA, 1 mM MgCl2, 1 mM β-mercaptoethanol, 2 mM benzamidine, 0.4 mM Pefablock, 10 μM leupeptin, 10 μM pepstatin A, 5 μM trypsin inhibitor) and disrupted by ultrasonication. The homogenate was then centrifuged for 10 min at 1000×g and the supernatant was stored at −80° C. until subsequent use (see below). The protein content was determined by the Bradford method (BioRad, Munich) using BSA as standard. Integrity and size of recombinant proteins were analysed by western blot.
  • [0445]
    Measurement of Recombinant Human PDE2A3 Inhibition by SPA Technology
  • [0446]
    Recombinant human PDE2A3 activities were inhibited by the test samples in a modified SPA (scintillation proximity assay) test, supplied by Amersham Pharmacia Biotech (see procedural instructions “phosphodiesterase [3H]cAMP SPA enzyme assay, code TRKQ 7090”), carried out in 96-well microtitre plates (MTP's). The test volume is 100 μl and contains 20 mM Tris buffer (pH 7.4), 0.1 mg of BSA (bovine serum albumin)/ml, 5 mM Mg2+, 0.5 μM cAMP (including about 50,000 cpm of [3H]cAMP), 5 μM cGMP (to activate PDE2A3), 2 μl of the respective substance dilution in DMSO and sufficient recombinant PDE (1000×g supernatant, see above) to ensure that 15-20% of the cAMP is converted under the said experimental conditions. After a preincubation of 5 min at 37° C., the reaction is started by adding the substrate (cAMP) and the assays are incubated for a further 15 min; after that, they are stopped by adding SPA beads (50 μl). In accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the SPA beads had previously been resuspended in water and then diluted 1:3 (v/v); the diluted solution also contains 3 mM IBMX. After the beads have been sedimented (>30 min), the MTP's are analyzed in commercially available measuring appliances and the corresponding IC50 values of the compounds for the inhibition of PDE activities are determined from the concentration-effect curves by means of non-linear regression.
  • [0447]
    Method to Assess Inhibition of Macromolecule Permeability of HUVEC Monolayers
  • [0448]
    The procedure to measure macromolecule permeability of endothelial cell monolayers followed the method described by Langeler & van Hinsbergh (1988) with modifications. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were isolated from umbilical cords according to standard procedures (Jaffe et al. 1973) and cultured in endothelial cell basal medium (EBM) supplemented with 2% FCS, 0.5 ng/ml VEGF, 10 ng/ml bFGF, 5 ng/ml EGF, 20 ng/ml Long R3 IGF-1, 0.2 μg/ml hydrocortisone, 1 μg/ml ascorbic acid, 22.5 μg/ml heparin, 50 μg/ml gentamicin, 50 ng/ml amphotericin B (EGM2 purchased from Promocell GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany). At confluency, cells were trypsinized and replated at 73000 cells per well on 3 μm polycarbonate filter Transwell inserts (Costar GmbH, Bodenheim, Germany) precoated with 10 μg cm2-1 Fibronectin (Sigma, Taufkirchen, Germany). HUVECs were cultured in EGM2 (100 μl in the upper wells and 600 μl in the lower wells) over four days prior the experiments and medium was changed every other day. At the day of the experiment culture medium was replaced by M199 with 1% human serum albumin. Endothelial cells were preincubated with cyclic nucleotide modifiers (the selective PDE3 inhibitor motapizone, the selective PDE4 inhibitor RP73401, the cGMP generators ANP or SNP and PDE2 inhibitors) for 15 min. HUVECs were then stimulated with Thrombin (1 U ml−1) (Sigma, Taufkichen, Germany) and horsh radish peroxidase (5 μg/ml) (Sigma, Taufkirchen, Germany) as the macromolecule marker protein was added to the upper wells. Following 1 h incubation time Transwells were removed and the activity of horsh radish peroxidase that penetrated the endothelial cell monolayer was measured in the lower wells with the 3,3′, 5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine liquid substrate system from Sigma (Taufkirchen, Germany).
  • [0449]
    Results
  • [0450]
    Representative inhibitory values [measured as −log IC50 (mol/l)] determined in the aforementioned assay follow from the following table A, in which the numbers of the compounds correspond to the numbers of the examples.
  • [0000]
    TABLE A
    Inhibition of PDE2 activity
    Compound -log IC50 [mol/l]
    1 to 66, and 75 to The inhibitory values of
    110, and 112, these listed compounds
    and 116-118 lie in the range from 7.5
    to 9.2.
  • [0451]
    In parallel, compounds according to the invention can inhibit Thrombin-induced permeability of HUVEC monolayers for horsh radish peroxidase (HRP) as a macromolecule marker. Therefore, PDE2 inhibitors are suggested to improve the endothelial barrier function, which is impaired in numerous conditions such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or severe pneumonia. The system to measure these cellular effects of the PDE2 inhibitors observed the enzymological characteristics of PDE2 which exhibits a rather high Km for cAMP and the activity of which is activated by cGMP. The Thrombin-induced increase of HRP permeability was completely abolished by complete inhibition of PDE3 (10 μM Motapizone) and PDE4 (1 μM RP73401). However, in the additional presence of ANP (100 nM) or SNP (1 mM) to augment cGMP the inhibition by PDE3 and 4 inhibition of permeability was partially reversed. PDE2 inhibitors blocked the thrombin-stimulated HRP-permeability if 1 μM RP73401, 10 μM Motapizone, 100 nM ANP or 1 mM SNP were present indicating that ANP or SNP by generating cGMP activate PDE2. The concentration-dependent inhibition of HRP permeability at different concentrations was assessed from the percent inhibition in the presence and absence of the PDE2 inhibitors and in the presence of 1 μM RP73401, 10 μM Motapizone and 100 nM ANP. In the absence of PDE3 and 4 inhibition, ANP or SNP the PDE2 inhibitors showed very little effect in Thrombin-induced macromolecule hyperpermeability.
  • [0452]
    Inhibition of SNP- or ANP-Induced Permeability of HUVEC Monolayers:
  • [0453]
    HUVEC cells on 3 μm polycarbonate filters (Transwells) were preincubated with 1 μM RP73401 (to block PDE4) and 10 μM Motapizone (to block PDE3), 1 mM SNP or 100 nM ANP and 1 μM of test sample over 15 min and then stimulated with 1 U/ml thrombin. HRP passage into the lower wells was assessed after 60 min. RP73401 and Motapizone completely blocked thrombin-induced hyperpermeability, which was partially reversed by SNP and ANP.
  • [0454]
    Compounds according to this invention can inhibit the SNP- or ANP-induced permeability increase in a concentration-dependent fashion.
  • [0455]
    Representative inhibitory values [measured as −log IC50 (mol/l)] determined in the aforementioned assay follow from the following table B, in which the numbers of the compounds correspond to the numbers of the examples.
  • [0000]
    TABLE B
    Inhibition of SNP- or ANP-induced permeability
    Compound -log IC50 [mol/l]
    3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, The inhibitory values of
    12, 17, 18, 21, these listed compounds
    25, 30, 38, 54 lie in the range from 7.2
    and 85 to 8.7.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4788186 *Oct 20, 1987Nov 29, 1988Gruppo Lepetit S.P.A.6-substituted-s-triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine derivatives
US6001830 *Nov 12, 1998Dec 14, 1999Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.Heterocyclic compounds
US6235741 *May 28, 1998May 22, 2001Merck & Co., Inc.Angiogenesis inhibitors
US6313125 *Jul 27, 1998Nov 6, 2001Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd.Therapeutically active 1,2,4-triazolo[4.,3-B] pyridazine derivatives as ligands for GABA receptors
US6525055 *Oct 1, 1999Feb 25, 2003Zambon Group S.P.A.Tricyclic phthalazine derivatives as phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors
US6900209 *Nov 22, 2001May 31, 2005Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd.Nitrogen substituted 1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine derivatives for enhancing cognition
US7671050 *Jan 4, 2006Mar 2, 2010Nycomed GmbhTriazolophthalazines
US20080312225 *Jan 4, 2006Dec 18, 2008Nycomed GmbhTriazolophthalazines
US20110136803 *Nov 5, 2009Jun 9, 2011Nycomed GmbhTriazolophthalazines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8106047Jan 4, 2006Jan 31, 2012Nycomed GmbhTriazolophthalazines
US20080312225 *Jan 4, 2006Dec 18, 2008Nycomed GmbhTriazolophthalazines
US20110136803 *Nov 5, 2009Jun 9, 2011Nycomed GmbhTriazolophthalazines
Classifications
U.S. Classification514/233.2, 514/248
International ClassificationA61K31/5377, A61P11/00, A61K31/5025
Cooperative ClassificationC07D487/04
European ClassificationC07D487/04