|Publication number||US2010569 A|
|Publication date||Aug 6, 1935|
|Filing date||Mar 28, 1934|
|Priority date||Mar 28, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2010569 A, US 2010569A, US-A-2010569, US2010569 A, US2010569A|
|Inventors||Thomas B Sitzler|
|Original Assignee||Florence Pipe Foundry & Machin|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (23), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 6, 1935. T. B. SITZLER 2,010,569
' METHOD OF PLUGGING' HOLES IN PLATES Filed March 28, 1954 FIG:
WITNESSES: 3 57 L '7 710mm I/ M I I BY 5 M I V ATTORNEYS.
Patented Aug. s, 1935 LPATENT OFFICE I 2,010,569 I I METHOD or rwccmc HOLES IN PLATE Thomas B. Sitzlcr, Florence, N. .L, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Florence Pipe Foundry & Machine Company, Florence, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Application March 28, 1934, Serial No. 717,869
My invention relates generally to a method of plugging holes in plates, and has particular utility as applied to plugging the ends of passages in steam platens.
Heretofore various methods have been pro-' posed for drilling and plugging holes in metal plates. For example, in lieu of the customary screw threaded plugs employedfor closing the ends of the interior passages of steam platens, it has been proposed to employ plugs of special shape which-are driven with a forced fit to effect a tight seal between the end of the passage and the plug. Such methods have not proved altogether satisfactory, either because the operationsinvolved are too elaborate and expensive, or because the plug does not effectively seal the passage against the internal fluid pressure.
Accordingly, the object of the present inven-'- tion is to provide a method of plugging holes in metal plates which involves only simple and inexpensive operations, and which results-in effectivelysealing the holes. More particularly, the method of this invention is characterized by the formation of a novel interlocking joint between the plug and the mouth 'of the passage to be plugged, which joint is capable of withstanding high internal pressure without danger of failure. It will be understood that the invention is adapted for many other uses than the plugging of holes in steam platens, and that it possesses other more specific objects and advantages which will become apparent from the description hereinafter set forth of several examples of the practice thereof, having reference to the accompanying drawing. Of the drawing:
Fig.-I represents a side elevation of a plug ready for insertion in a steam platen,-a portion of the platen surrounding the hole to be plugged being shown in cross section.
Fig. 11 represents theplaten and plug in cross section, with the plug inserted in' the hole and ready to be driven home.
Fig. Ill is a similar view showing the same parts with the plug driven home.
Fig. IV is a perspective view of the plug.
Fig. V is a view similar .to Fig. III, but illustrating a modified method in which a soft metal disc is interposed between the plug and the shoulder at the hole in the steam platen.
Fig. VI is a perspective view of the soft metal disc.
Fig. V11 is a view similar to Fig. III, but showing a modification of the above method in which' a soft metal ferrule is interposed between the plug and the wall of the hole in the steam platen,
5 Claims. (cl. 29-148) the figure also showing in" dot-and-dash lines how the ferrule is applied to the plug before the plug is driven; and,
Fig. VIII is a perspective view of the soft metal ferrule.
In Figs; 1, II and III of the drawing, a portion of a steam platen is represented at I, with a hole or passage to be stopped shown at 2, and
with the special form of plug shown at 3. The plug 3 has a cylindrical body portion 4 and a centrally depending projection 5 concentric with the body portion. increases in diameter from its upper end towards its lower end, and preferably terminates in a cylindrical base 6 of a diameter such that it will fit snugly within the hole 2 of the steam platen I. Thus the projection 5 assumes a substantially conical shape with its tapered wall sloping upwardly and inwardly toward the body portion.
In carrying out the practice of my invention, the steam platen I is formed with an enlarged hole or counterbore 1, concentric with the steam passage 2 at the mouth thereof, and extending to a depth substantially equal to the thickness of the body of the plug 3. When the steam platen is thus counterbored at the passage 2, there is incidentally formed a sharply pointed shoulder 8 at the base of the counterbore, the top surface of the shoulder being inclined upwardly and inwardly.
I In Fig. I the parts are shown in readiness for assembly. In Fig. II the plug 3 is shown seated in its initial position .within the steam passage 2. It will be noted that the body portion 4 fits snugly The projection 5 gradually within the counterbore 1, and that the depending conical projection 5 fits snugly within the passage v 2, with the cylindrically formed base 6 of the projection serving to center the plug. Moreover, it
pointed shoulder 8 forces the metal of the shoulder into intimate locking engagement with the conical plug projection 5, so that when the top surface of the plug'is flush with theedge. of the steam platen I, the shoulder 8 is distorted to the shape represented in Fig. DI. When thus driven home, the plug 3 is not only secured against dislodgment, but also the mouth of the steam passage 2 is efiectively sealed. By properly designing the sharply pointed shoulder 8 at the base of the counterbore, the shoulder 8, incident to .the driving of the plug 3, may be caused to assume a shape substantially complementary to that of the plug, as represented in Fig; III.
While good results may be obtained with the method described above, there is represented in Figs. V and VI, an alternative method which furnishes a very effective fluid tight seal at the plug. According to this method the counterbore la in the steam platen la is made to a greater depth than the previously described counterbore I, and a soft metal ring it] is interposed between the shoulder 8a of the steam platen la and the fiat surface 9 of the plug 3. Accordingly, when the plug 3 is driven home, the metal of the ring ID, as well as the metal of the shoulder 8a, is forced into intimate engagement with the conical projection 5 of theplug. The soft metal ring l0 assures the formation of a fluid tight seal in the vicinity of the shoulder 8a.
A further example of the practice of my invention is represented in Figs. VII and VIII. According to the method there illustrated, a soft metal ferrule II is inserted around the conical projection 5 of the plug 3 before the plug is applied to the steam platen lb. Either the ferrule ll may be made to fit closely over the conical projection 5, as illustrated by the representation of the plug and ferrule in broken lines, or obviously the ferrule l I may be split' and sprung over the conical projection 5 of the plug 3. When the plug 3 is driven home, the shoulder 8b at the base of the counterbore lb is distorted with the metal thereof displaced, which in turn compresses the soft metal ferrule II and forces the same into intimate engagement with the conical projection 5 of the plug 3. This method likewise insures the formation of a fluid tight seal' in the vicinity of the shoulder 8b.
According to the several methods outlined above, it will be noted that in each example the parts are so designed that with the insertion of the plug, an annular void is defined at each side of the shoulder at the base of the counterbore, the two voids being of triangular cross section and substantially equal in volume. Accordingly, when the plug is forced home, the metal of the shoulder is free to assume the new shape desired for it.
While I have described several examples of the practice of my invention, showing certain specific shapes for the plug and the mouth of the passage in the plate, it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the shape of the parts without departing from the spirit of my invention, and it will also be apparent that the method herein described has utility in many other fields than for the plugging of holes in steam platens.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A method of plugging a hole in a plate of the character described which consists in counterboring the plate at the hole with incidental formation of a sharply pointed shoulder at thebase of the counterbore, inserting in said hole and counterbore a plug having a body portion substantially fitting the counterbore and having a depending conical projection with its enlarged bottom end fitting said hole, and driving the body of the plug against said sharply pointed shoulder thereby forcing the point of said shoulder into locking engagement with the conical projection aforesaid.
2. A method of plugging a hole in a metal plate of the character described which consists in forming a counterbore in the plate concentric with the hole therein, with incidental formation of a. shoulder with an acute angled point at the base of the counterbore, inserting in said hole and counterbore a plug having a fiat-bottomed discshaped body of a diameter fitting the counterbore, and having a concentric projection of conical formation depending therefrom with its enlarged bottom end fitting said hole, and driving the body of the plug against said acute angled shoulder, thereby forcing the shoulder into locking engagement withthe conical projection aforesaid.
3. A method of plugging a hole in a metal plate of the character described which consists in counterboring the plate at the hole with incidental formation of a shoulder at the base of the counterbore, providing a plug havinga body portion substantially fitting the counterbore and having a depending projection of gradually increasing diameter towards its lower end and terminating in a cylindrical base of a diameter substantially equal to that of the hole, inserting the plug within said hole and counterbore with the cylindrical base of its depending projection, guiding the body of the plug into seating engagement with said shoulder, and driving the body of the plug against said shoulder to displace the same and force it into locking engagement with the projection aforesaid. i
4. A method of plugging a hole in a metal plate of the character described which consists in counterboring the plate at the-hole with incidental formation of a shoulder at the base of the counterbore, applying to said hole and counterbore a plug having a body portion substantially fitting the counterbore and having a depending conical projection with an enlarged end fitting said hole, with interposition of a soft metal ferrule between said projection and the wall of said hole, and driving the body of the plug against said shoulder to displace the metal thereof, thereby compressing the ferrule and forcing the same into engagement with the conical projection.
5. A method of plugging a hole in a metal plate of the character described which consists in counterboring the plate at the hole with incidental formation of a sharply pointed shoulder at the base of the counterbore, inserting in said hole and counterbore a plug having a body portion fitting the counterbore and having a centrally depending conical projection with its enlarged bottom end fitting said hole, said shoulder and plug being so designed that when the plug is thus seated in its initial position an annular cavity is defined ,at each side of said sharply pointed shoulder, and said cavities are of substantially equal volume, and driving the body of the plug against said shoulder, thereby forcing the point of said shoulder into locking engagement with the conical projection aforesaid.
THOMAS B. SI'IZLER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2471445 *||Dec 28, 1944||May 31, 1949||Nicholas Thomas J||Sheet metal bending tool|
|US2506765 *||Mar 6, 1948||May 9, 1950||Berndt Bach Inc||Film gate having projecting pressure receiving elements|
|US2913820 *||Apr 23, 1956||Nov 24, 1959||Stewart Warner Corp||Lubrication device and method of making same|
|US2996801 *||Dec 18, 1958||Aug 22, 1961||Telefunken Gmbh||Method of forming an hermetic seal|
|US3044162 *||Feb 21, 1957||Jul 17, 1962||Lyon Inc||Method of attaching a bomb hanger socket|
|US3811367 *||May 1, 1972||May 21, 1974||Bimba C||Fluid power cylinder construction|
|US4888862 *||Dec 4, 1987||Dec 26, 1989||Skf Gmbh||Method for installing bearing rings|
|US5106699 *||May 22, 1990||Apr 21, 1992||Miller J Clayton||Apparatus for filling in an opening in a wall of a safe|
|US5111570 *||Aug 10, 1990||May 12, 1992||United Technologies Corporation||Forge joining repair technique|
|US5154559 *||Jul 25, 1991||Oct 13, 1992||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Captivating a fastener to a workpiece|
|US5417512 *||Nov 4, 1993||May 23, 1995||Avm, Inc.||End connector with captive ball and bearing half with crushed elements|
|US5466119 *||Apr 25, 1994||Nov 14, 1995||Societe Anonyme Dite: Alcatel Cit||Spacer of adjustable thickness|
|US5848616 *||Apr 22, 1995||Dec 15, 1998||Itt Automotive Europe Gmbh||Closing device for closing pressure fluid conveying channels in a housing|
|US6189573 *||Feb 17, 2000||Feb 20, 2001||Fritz Ziehm||Stopper for mounting fitting|
|US6370752||Apr 21, 2000||Apr 16, 2002||General Electric Company||Method for repositioning or repairing holes|
|US6413650 *||May 15, 2000||Jul 2, 2002||General Electric Company||Method for repairing superalloy castings using a metallurgically bonded tapered plug|
|US7827759||Jan 4, 2007||Nov 9, 2010||Audrey Barnes||Method of repairing concrete floors and system for same|
|US7836659||May 26, 2010||Nov 23, 2010||Audrey Barnes||Method of repairing concrete floors and system for same|
|US8328215 *||Feb 1, 2010||Dec 11, 2012||Sunrise Medical Gmbh & Co. Kg||Wheelchair having pivoting backrest frame assembly|
|US9068297||Nov 15, 2013||Jun 30, 2015||Emseal Joint Systems Ltd.||Expansion joint system|
|US20100194162 *||Aug 5, 2010||Sunrise Medical Hhg, Inc.||Wheelchair Having Pivoting Backrest Frame Assembly|
|EP1147849A1 *||Apr 20, 2001||Oct 24, 2001||General Electric Company||Method for repositioning or repairing holes|
|WO1995012763A1 *||Oct 24, 1994||May 11, 1995||Avm Inc||End connector with captive ball and bearing half with crushed elements|
|U.S. Classification||29/520, 411/369, 29/DIG.340, 411/361, 138/89, 29/402.9|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S29/034, B21J15/02|