|Publication number||US20110072396 A1|
|Application number||US 12/954,952|
|Publication date||Mar 24, 2011|
|Priority date||Jun 29, 2001|
|Also published as||US6826729, US7853877, US20050097465|
|Publication number||12954952, 954952, US 2011/0072396 A1, US 2011/072396 A1, US 20110072396 A1, US 20110072396A1, US 2011072396 A1, US 2011072396A1, US-A1-20110072396, US-A1-2011072396, US2011/0072396A1, US2011/072396A1, US20110072396 A1, US20110072396A1, US2011072396 A1, US2011072396A1|
|Inventors||Ronald Stephen Giesen, Kenneth Coleman, Aaron Weiss, Zeke Koch, Marc Keller, Howard Cooperstein|
|Original Assignee||Microsoft Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (5), Classifications (7), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a Continuation of co-pending U.S. application Ser. No. 10/982,073 filed Nov. 5, 2004, which is a Continuation of co-pending U.S. application Ser. No. 09/896,384 filed on Jun. 29, 2001, which issued on Nov. 30, 2004 as U.S. Pat. No. 6,826,729, which are incorporated herein by reference.
This application relates in general to a method, apparatus, and article of manufacture for providing a user interface control for selecting one or more options from a larger set of options, and more particularly to a method, apparatus, and article of manufacture for providing a user interface control for selecting one or more options from a larger set of options where each of the options may have a set of one or more user selectable properties.
The increasing capability of computing system has routinely permitted program developers to attempt to add an ever-increasing number of features and options to application programs. Each of these features and options requires a user of the application program to interact with the application program to configure and use these features and options. As such, a user interface control has been needed to present users with a large number of control objects that may be selected. In addition, each of these control objects may individually have properties and settings that a user may wish to manipulate in order to achieve a desired result.
In the past, user interface controls have been constructed using dialog boxes that appeared when a user makes a selection of a control. Typically, a control was selected using function keys, drop-down menus, and right-mouse clicks on an object within a main application window. This selection operation caused a large dialog box or window to be presented to the user in which a control setting or property could be changed. Once a user has made a selection by either clicking upon a setting or highlighting a setting and clicking upon an “OK” or “DONE” button, the dialog box would disappear and the new setting or property would be applied to the appropriate object within the main application window.
This process is not an efficient use of a user's efforts in that a dialog box is presented and removed repeatedly if a user wishes to examine a plurality of possible choices while deciding which setting is actually desired. In addition, many selections themselves possess selectable properties that may need manipulation for a user to arrive at a desired set of properties to achieve the desired result. In the past, these additional properties would be controlled using a second, or settings, dialog box which is launched using a button located upon the first, or main, dialog box. A user would need to navigate through these multiple levels of dialog boxes and windows to set a control to be active and configured as desired.
With the opening of these dialog boxes, the main application window is typically obscured by the dialog box and the settings dialog box launched from the main dialog box. The screen is redrawn when the various dialog boxes are closed and the new control settings are applied. The above sequence of operations typically breaks the flow of a user as he or she interacts with a main application window which typically maintains the items of interest. The user will need to focus on these controls and dialog boxes, and not the main application window, and when the boxes are gone, refocus upon the main application window and any changes made by the application of the new control settings.
A new user interface control gallery addresses the limitations of the prior design for controls using dialog boxes by providing a user-selectable set of gallery control objects within a separate gallery control window.
In accordance with the present invention, the above and other problems are solved by providing a method, apparatus, and article of manufacture for providing a user interface control for selecting one or more options from a larger set of options where each of the options has a set of one or more user selectable properties.
One such aspect of the present invention is a method for providing a user interface control to act on one or more items from a list in a variety of ways. The method renders a list of control objects, each of which comprise a graphical icon having a selection portion and a properties portion and one or more control properties. The method also receives a selection mouse click upon a selection portion of the first control object, and applies the control properties of the first control object.
Another aspect of the present invention is a computing system for providing a user interface control to modify properties of items within a main application window. The computing system has a main application window, a gallery control window, a control object selection processing module, and a control object focus processing module. The main application window contains one or more application items, each application item having one or more control properties affecting a behavior of the application item. The gallery control window contains a list of one or more control objects for modifying control properties of the application items located within the main application window. Each of the control objects in the list of control objects comprise a graphical icon having a selection portion and a properties portion and one or more control properties that affect one or more items within the main application window. The control object selection processing module for modifying one or more application items within the main application window based upon current values of control properties of a selected control object selected using a mouse click located upon a selection portion of the selected control object. The control object focus processing module for modifying current values of control properties of a focus control object identified using a mouse click located upon a properties portion of the focus control object.
These and various other features as well as advantages, which characterize the present invention, will be apparent from a reading of the following detailed description and a review of the associated drawings.
Referring now to the drawings in which like reference numbers represent corresponding parts throughout:
This application relates in general to a method, apparatus, and article of manufacture for providing a user interface control for selecting one or more options from a larger set of options having user selectable properties.
In addition to the main application window 100, a gallery control window 101 provides a user with a scrollable window that contains one or more gallery control objects 102. A user generates a mouse-click upon these gallery control objects 102 in order to cause a change to a control associated with an object within the main application window 100.
A gallery control object 102 includes a plurality of components as illustrated in
The rich content icon provides a visual depiction that is associated with feature or property being implemented using the particular gallery control object. In the example embodiment shown in
The rich content icons may also contain photograph thumbnail images, video and similar multimedia data, and any other data that may be used to represent an icon. One skilled in the art will recognize that the use of text and graphical icons as described above is only one possible embodiment for the invention as recited within the attached claims.
When an item in the gallery control has focus through either having the mouse hover over it, or via the keyboard, a menu dropdown arrow is shown. When the item does not have focus, no arrow appears, allowing the user to see more of the rich content displayed for that item. If the user's mouse hovers over the menu dropdown arrow, the arrow is displayed in a deeper intensity using the Windows default selection color to indicate that the dropdown arrow is active and that a menu will appear if the user left-clicks this area with the mouse.
In other possible embodiments, menu items 121-123 are represented using text items that describe the function or property to be presented to a user when a particular menu item 121-123 is selected. The particular menu item 122 that is to be selected may be displayed in a different manner, such as reverse video or a different color from the other menu items 121, 123 in the list as to distinguish which of the menu items 121-123 is being selected. Additionally, the pop-up menu 113 may be located to the left and right of the gallery control object 110 as well as above and below the gallery control object 110 without deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention as recited within the attached claims.
Throughout the remaining description of various gallery controls, example of these gallery controls are presented as being constructed as a collection of gallery control objects within a gallery control window. In these example embodiments, these gallery control windows 101 are presented as a separate window from the main application window 100 containing a listbox having the user interface characteristics as discussed herein as simply an example embodiment. One skilled in the art will recognize that any list of items presented within any listbox that is presented to a user to selection and modification may be constructed as part of a separate window and as part of any pop-up listbox to be within the spirit and scope of the present invention as recited within the attached claims.
With reference to
The personal computer 200 further includes a hard disk drive 212 for reading from and writing to a hard disk, a magnetic disk drive 214 for reading from or writing to a removable magnetic disk 216, and an optical disk drive 218 for reading from or writing to a removable optical disk 219 such as a CD ROM, DVD, or other optical media. The hard disk drive 212, magnetic disk drive 214, and optical disk drive 218 are connected to the system bus 206 by a hard disk drive interface 220, a magnetic disk drive interface 222, and an optical drive interface 224, respectively. The drives and their associated computer-readable media provide nonvolatile storage of computer readable instructions, data structures, programs, and other data for the personal computer 200.
Although the exemplary environment described herein employs a hard disk, a removable magnetic disk 216, and a removable optical disk 219, other types of computer-readable media capable of storing data can be used in the exemplary system. Examples of these other types of computer-readable mediums that can be used in the exemplary operating environment include magnetic cassettes, flash memory cards, digital video disks, Bernoulli cartridges, random access memories (RAMs), and read only memories (ROMs).
A number of program modules may be stored on the hard disk, magnetic disk 216, optical disk 219, ROM 208 or RAM 210, including an operating system 226, one or more application programs 228, other program modules 230, and program data 232. A user may enter commands and information into the personal computer 200 through input devices such as a keyboard 234 and mouse 236 or other pointing device. Examples of other input devices may include a microphone, joystick, game pad, satellite dish, and scanner. These and other input devices are often connected to the processing unit 202 through a serial port interface 240 that is coupled to the system bus 206. Nevertheless, these input devices also may be connected by other interfaces, such as a parallel port, game port, or a universal serial bus (USB). A monitor 242 or other type of display device is also connected to the system bus 206 via an interface, such as a video adapter 244. In addition to the monitor 242, personal computers typically include other peripheral output devices (not shown), such as speakers and printers.
The personal computer 200 may operate in a networked environment using logical connections to one or more remote computers, such as a remote computer 246. The remote computer 246 may be another personal computer, a server, a router, a network PC, a peer device or other common network node, and typically includes many or all of the elements described above relative to the personal computer 200. The network connections include a local area network (LAN) 248 and a wide area network (WAN) 250. Such networking environments are commonplace in offices, enterprise-wide computer networks, intranets, and the Internet.
When used in a LAN networking environment, the personal computer 200 is connected to the local network 248 through a network interface or adapter 252. When used in a WAN networking environment, the personal computer 200 typically includes a modem 254 or other means for establishing communications over the wide area network 250, such as the Internet. The modem 254, which may be internal or external, is connected to the system bus 206 via the serial port interface 240. In a networked environment, program modules depicted relative to the personal computer 200, or portions thereof, may be stored in the remote memory storage device. It will be appreciated that the network connections shown are exemplary, and other means of establishing a communications link between the computers may be used.
Additionally, the embodiments described herein are implemented as logical operations performed by a computer. The logical operations of these various embodiments of the present invention are implemented (1) as a sequence of computer implemented steps or program modules running on a computing system and/or (2) as interconnected machine modules or hardware logic within the computing system. The implementation is a matter of choice dependent on the performance requirements of the computing system implementing the invention. Accordingly, the logical operations making up the embodiments of the invention described herein can be variously referred to as operations, steps, or modules.
In order to understand the use of the gallery control object, the distinction between the focus property and the selection property is needed. Gallery control objects typically operate upon one of several situations within the main application window 100. First, the gallery control object may operate upon the entire contents of the main application window 100. This may correspond to operating upon the entire contents of a file. Within a word processing application, the entire main application window would correspond to the entire document. When an application possesses more than one main window, such as a word processing application that possesses a main text window, a header/footer window, a comments window, and a footnotes/endnotes window, the gallery control object may also apply to each of these windows, or possibly a subset of all windows, such as a currently active window.
Next, the gallery control object 301, 311 may operate upon only a portion of the contents of a window. Typically, this portion is operated by a user selecting the portion of the window to which the gallery control object is to be applied. Of course, one skilled in the art will recognize that windows that have organizational structures such as sections, pages, paragraphs, sentences, words and similar areas of organized content may be used as the portion of the main application window that is to be affected by the application of the gallery control object 301 without deviating from the spirit and scope of the invention recited within the attached claims. In a word processing application, the portion of a main application window 100 to be selected is typically highlighted to visually distinguish the selected items and text from the non-selected portions of the main application window. The application of the gallery control object 301 will apply only to the selected portion of the main application window 301.
Finally, gallery control objects may also operate upon an insertion point placed within the main application window 100. An insertion point indicates a place within a main application window 100 where items are to be placed when inserted into the window 100. For example, an insertion point in a word processing application is the location within the window 100 where text will be added when a user types on an input device. The gallery control object 301 operates upon the insertion point, in the same way it works upon the above described portions of the window, except that the changes made to the insertion point apply only to items inserted into the window at the insertion point after the gallery control object 301 has been applied. The gallery control may also be used to insert content into the document at the insertion point (ClipArt Gallery, Office Clipboard) In the word processing example above, the application of a text formatting gallery control object 301 to an insertion point will change the format for the text to be inserted at the insertion point to correspond to the formatting set by the gallery control object 301.
Another common use for gallery controls is to create or open an entirely different document rather than operate upon a portion or all of an existing document contained within an open main application window. For example, gallery controls that provide “Search” and “Crash Recovery” open other documents in new main application windows rather than change selected portions of an open window. The “Search TaskPane” allows a user to search for such things as files, email messages or web pages based on their title, contents or other properties. It presents a list of found items in a gallery control with options such as open, open as template, copy link to clipboard or view properties. The “Crash Recovery TaskPane” contains a gallery control listing documents in use at the time of a crash. These documents can be opened, saved, or deleted via the context menu.
The Focus Property for a gallery control object 302 indicates the identity of a gallery control object 311 whose individual properties are being modified without having the changes applied to items within the main application window. A gallery control object 311 having focus corresponds to a gallery control object that itself is being edited in some fashion. Using the word processing example, a gallery control window 101 may contain a set of predefined text formatting settings. The settings for each gallery control object 301 may include a font type, a font size, one or more font formatting settings for underlining, bold, and italicized text, and similar formatting settings. When a particular gallery control object 301 is selected with a mouse click upon the selection portion 311 of the control 301, all of these pre-defined settings are applied to the selected portion of the main application window.
If a user desires to modify, copy, or delete one of these gallery control objects 301, the gallery control object 301 being modified, copied or deleted is given a focus property to indicate that the internal properties and settings for the gallery control object are being modified. The corresponding status indication 305 is given to the gallery control object 301 while the object has the focus property. Once the gallery control object 301 has been placed into its desired state, a user may select the gallery control object 301 using its selection portion 302 if the modified version of the gallery control object 301 is to be applied to a selected portion of the main application window 100.
A gallery control object 311 has a selection property, and corresponding status indication 315, when the gallery control object 311 corresponds to a control that is currently applied to the portion of the main application window 100 that is currently selected. For the word processing example, the gallery control object 311 that corresponds to the formatting for the current insertion point will be given the selection property if no other item is selected. If a portion of a word processing window 100 is selected and highlighted, the gallery control object 311 corresponding to the formatting settings for the selected text will have and display an indication of the selection property.
The status indication 305, 315 provides a visual mechanism to provide status information regarding the focus and selection property to a user. In an exemplary embodiment, these indications are implemented using a border being drawn around the gallery control object 301, 311. When a gallery control object 301 possesses a selection property, the selection indication is a two pixel wide border in the Windows system selection color (typically blue). When a gallery control object 311 possesses a focus property, the selection indication is a one-pixel width border of the selection color. Of course, one skilled in the art will readily recognize that other color combinations, border patterns, and other visual displays of status for these two properties may be used without deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention as recited within the attached claims.
One skilled in the art will recognize that the above formatting uses in word processing examples are illustrative of the operation of gallery control objects are recited within the attached claims. These gallery control object may be used in any control window that contains a plurality of settings. One skilled in the art will also recognize that the gallery control objects may not necessarily possess multiple properties that require editing as discussed above if only selection is needed. The need for multiple properties may vary from item to item within a single list.
The gallery control window 101 is used to control the text formatting of the items within the main application window 100. Within the gallery control window 101, a plurality of text styles are shown as a set of gallery control objects 403-404. Two different paragraphs of text 401-402 are shown in the main application window 100. The second of these two paragraphs 402 is shown in reverse video to illustrate that its text has been selected and highlighted. When this text 402 is selected, the corresponding gallery control 403 that contains its formatting is marked as having the selection property. A second gallery control 404 is shown having a focus property with an activated pop-up menu 405 that presents a set of format-related menu choices 411, 412, and 413 that are used to modify the properties of the gallery control having the focus property 404.
All of the text within the gallery controls are shown with the text rendered in its corresponding format that includes a font type, a font size and text format. The formatting for rich icon text within the gallery control having the selection property 403 matches the text formatting for the selected second paragraph 402. A user may change the formatting for this selected text 402 by simply clicking upon the selection portion of any gallery control.
The gallery control window 101 includes a plurality of gallery control objects, including a gallery control object possessing the selection property 503 and a gallery control object possessing the focus property 504. As discussed above, the focus property allows a user to modify the properties associated with the gallery control object 504 before it is applied to the presentation slide within the main application window. The pop-up menu 505 includes a set of menu options 511-518 items that control the property settings 511-515 for this gallery control object 504 being modified as well as control how this gallery control object is to be applied 516-518 to the main application window 101. The various gallery control objects 503-504 include a rich content icon that renders a depiction of how the presentation slide will be created if the corresponding gallery control object is selected. These icons include a depiction of the text font and style, the slide background, any borders and other visual objects that may distinguish the various slide designs. As above, the gallery control window is a scrollable window that may contain any number of gallery control objects.
Like all windows within a windowing graphical user interface such as one found within a computer operating system offered by MICROSOFT in its WINDOWS line of products or offered by APPLE COMPUTER in its MAC OS line of products, a gallery control window 101 may be scaled in size by clicking and dragging an edge of the window to change the dimensions of the window. As the size of the window changes, the contents of the window are arranged to fill the available space with additional items located within a portion of the window that is viewed using the scrolling controls. A horizontal gallery control as shown in
Typically, the gallery control window 101 is a window that is smaller than the main application window 100 as a user is expected to perform operations upon items within the main application window 100. However, a user may wish to expand the size of the gallery control window to include more gallery objects in order to allow more objects to be visible at a given time. As such, in some embodiments, a fly-out button 804 may be included within the gallery control window that when a mouse click is generated on the button, the gallery control window is quickly expanded to a larger size in both directions. The fly out button may expand the gallery control window 101 to a larger fixed size that is configurable by the user, may expand the gallery control window a pre-determined percentage or multiples of its current size, and may expand the gallery control window 101 to a previously user-defined large size. When a mouse click is generated upon the fly-out button a second time, the gallery control window returns to its prior, small size.
The gallery control window 101, however, is divided into two parts: an MRU portion (most recently-used) 932 and a main gallery portion 933. These two portions 932-933 of the gallery control window 101 are separated by a MRU dividing line 931 that provides a visual and spatial separation from the two portions of the window 101. When a gallery control object is selected within the main gallery portion 933 for application to one or more items in the main application window 100, the selected item is added to the MRU portion 932. The list of items in the MRU portion may be presented in its own order, including alphabetical by name, an increasing or decreasing list by date of last use, or any manner in which the items are to be organized. The list of items within the main gallery portion 933 includes all available gallery control objects organized in any manner as well. The gallery control objects in the MRU portion 932 will also appear, along with any indication of both the selection property and the focus property, in the main gallery portion 933. The use of the window scrolling controls 911-913 may cause the entire contents of the gallery control window 101 to scroll. As such, the MRU portion 932 may be located within a non-visible portion of the scrolled gallery control window. One skilled in the art will recognize that the MRU portion 932 may be fixed in place within the main portion 933 being scrollable as well as the MRU portion 932 and the main portion 933 being separately scrollable without deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention as recited within the attached claims.
While the use of the multiple portions 932-933 of the gallery control window 101 that are divided by a MRU dividing line 931 are being used to create a list of MRU gallery controls that are listed in a separate list in addition to a main list, one skilled in the are will recognize that this construct of concatenating multiple list of gallery control items separated by one or more dividing line may also be used on many other embodiments without deviating from the spirit and scope of the present invention as recited within the attached claims.
A gallery control object that has a focus property is controlled by the gallery control focus processing module 1011. The focus processing module 1011 interacts with a gallery control contextual menu module 1013 to obtain the appropriate pop-up menu and set of menu items for the gallery control object being modified. The pop-up menu and corresponding set of menu items for each gallery control object are provided by code specific to that control via control user callbacks. The existence of a menu and the number of items in the menu can vary for each item in the gallery control. Alternatively, all of the data needed to render the individual pop-up-menus containing the customizable lists of menu items may be located within a single gallery control contextual menu option database 1014 that is accessed to obtain the needed list of menu items when a pop-up menu is rendered.
The focus processing module 1011 interacts with a gallery control focus property module 1012 to obtain and modify the properties of the gallery control object in response to a user command applied to a pop-up menu item on the gallery control object. Once these properties are set in the module 1012, the properties may be applied to items within main application window 100 using the selection processing module 1002.
The selection processing module 1002 also interact with a gallery control window rendering module 1021 to generate the gallery control window as the above described arrangements of gallery control objects for use by a user. The window rendering module 1021 interacts with a gallery control MRU module 1024 to maintain a set of lists of gallery control objects to be presented to a user separately. The window rendering module 1021 interacts with a gallery scrolling module 1022 to process mouse clicks that modifies the portion of the gallery control window that is presented to a user when the gallery control window 101 is scrollable. The window rendering module 1021 interacts with a gallery control fly-out module 1023 to process mouse clicks that modifies the portion of the gallery control window that is presented to a user when the user re-sizes the gallery control window.
When test module 1112 determines that the mouse cursor position is over a gallery control object, test module 1113 determines if the mouse cursor position is over a selection portion of a gallery control object. If test module 1113 determines that the mouse cursor position is over a selection portion of a gallery control object, the processing continues to module 1114 where the module 1114 obtains the mouse click and then applies the selected gallery control's properties to a corresponding selected item within the main application window 100 in module 1115. Once all of these control properties have been applied to the main application window item, the processing ends 1102.
If test module 1113 determines that the mouse cursor position is not over a selection portion of a gallery control object and thus is over a properties portion of the gallery control object, a contextual menu for the corresponding gallery control object is rendered onto the user's interface screen in module 1116. The process awaits a mouse click in module 1117 that indicates that a user is selecting a menu item from the contextual pop-up menu. Once the mouse click is received, test module 1118 determines if the mouse click is located upon a menu item from the pop-up menu. If the mouse click is determined by module 1118 not to be over a menu item, the processing ends 1102. Otherwise, processing associated with the menu item corresponding to the location of the mouse click is executed to change one ore more properties of the corresponding gallery control object for use when this gallery control object is selected. Once the menu item processing of module 1119 is completed, the processing ends 1102.
While the above embodiments of the present invention describe the interaction of a property control window from a main application window, one skilled in the are will recognize that a user interface control for selecting one or more options from a larger set of options where each of the options has a set of one or more user selectable properties may actually encompass a large number of variations on the type of controls used. As long as the gallery controls used include the elements recited within the attached claims, the present invention to would be useable in the manner recited within the attached claims. It is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and operational changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.
The invention may also be described in the general context of computer-executable instructions, such as program modules, executed by one or more computers or other devices. Generally, program modules include routines, programs, objects, components, data structures, etc. that perform particular tasks or implement particular abstract data types. Typically the functionality of the program modules may be combined or distributed as desired in various embodiments.
A computing system 200 typically includes at least some form of computer readable media. Computer readable media can be any available media that can be accessed by the computing system 200. By way of example, and not limitation, computer readable media may comprise computer storage media. Computer storage media includes volatile and nonvolatile, removable and non-removable media implemented in any method or technology for storage of information such as computer readable instructions, data structures, program modules or other data. Computer storage media includes, but is not limited to, RAM, ROM, EEPROM, flash memory or other memory technology, BC-ROM, digital versatile disks (DVD) or other optical storage, magnetic cassettes, magnetic tape, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium which can be used to store the desired information and which can be accessed by the computing system 200.
Communication media typically embodies computer readable instructions, data structures, program modules or other data in a modulated data signal such as a carrier wave or other transport mechanism and includes any information delivery media. The term “modulated data signal” means a signal that has one or more of its characteristics set or changed in such a manner as to encode information in the signal. By way of example, and not limitation, communication media includes wired media such as a wired network or direct-wired connection, and wireless media such as acoustic, RF, infrared and other wireless media.
While the above embodiments of the present invention describe a personal computer processing system, one skilled in the art will recognize that the various distributed computing architectures may be used to implement the present invention as recited within the attached claims. It is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and operational changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.
As such, the foregoing description of the exemplary embodiments of the invention has been presented for the purposes of illustration and description. They are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. It is intended that the scope of the invention be limited not with this detailed description, but rather by the claims appended hereto. Thus the present invention is presently embodied as a method, apparatus, or computer storage medium for providing a user interface control to modify properties of items within a main application window.
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|International Classification||G06F3/048, G06F3/033, G09G5/00, G06F3/00|
|Dec 9, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MICROSOFT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034544/0001
Effective date: 20141014