US 20110139299 A1
A facility for the generation of electrical power and products for the refueling of vehicles including but not limited to, fuel cell vehicles (FCV's) and marine craft and for use by the facility and/or general market. A host of electrical power generation devices including solar panels, solar collectors, wave action generators, mega capacitors reverse osmosis water purification apparatus, high density capacitor electrolizers, hydrogen/oxygen purifiers and compressors, storage units, fuel cells, AC/DC motors and generators and the various connectors, gauges and networks used for interconnecting and dispensing the products of a combined source system are used jointly and severally in a land/marine readily available site. The idealized site for this combined system is a bridge or other elevated structure such as buildings. The siting structure is most desirably located adjacent a water source, be it a river, bay, tidal estuary or the like. In addition to the generation of DC electrical power, gaseous products such as oxygen and hydrogen may be marketed for their open market value or used in the production of additional power via fuel cell operation are also marketed or use/consumed on site. Unique improvements are made in wind generators, a tidal barge generation system and a wave air generator. Unique improvements are also made in the ability to store energy through use of capacitors.
1. A site system for provision of electrical and fuel products for site servicing of vehicles and marine craft comprising in combination:
at least one elevated superstructure for providing a substantial base for said site and having at least one utility area;
at least one electrical generation subsystem selected from a group consisting of: a solar panel collector, a wind generator and a water power generation structure, said electrical generation subsystem being operatively positioned in said at least one utility area;
electrical conduction structure for transferring electrical output of said subsystem to at least one electrolysis structure, said electrical conduction structure including switching structure for shunting said electrical output to said electrolysis structure or to electrical power storage structure;
at least one water source;
the electrolysis structure being capable of producing gaseous products while in electrical communication with said electrical conduction structure and receptive of water from said water source;
compression and storage structures for receiving said gaseous products;
a multi-service station network for tapping into said compression and storage structures containing said gaseous products, using said gaseous products for generating electrical power and for dispensing hydrogen and oxygen product therefrom; and
electric conversion structure capable of generating alternating current power.
2. The system of
3. The system of
4. The system of
5. The system of
rotational structure over which said mounting structure may travel, said rotational structure fixed to a superstructure enabling said annular mounting to rotate relative to said superstructure;
a plurality of foramenous vanes operatively disposed about an axis to individual, equally spaced points on said mounting structure and effecting, elevationally, a hemispheric silhouette, each vane of said plurality of vanes defined by a concave windward face, an opposite leeward face and a plurality of foramens therethrough, said vanes further comprising moveable foramen covers disposed over foramens of said plurality at said windward face so that, as said leeward face of a particular vane is presented to a wind force by said rotation, said moveable foramen covers on the wind-ward side of said particular vane reflex and uncover their respective foramens; and
power transmission structure for transferring angular momentum of said mounting structure to an electrical power generation structure.
6. The wind generator of
7. The wind generator of
structure, operatively connected to the ring that is receptive therein of a belt structure.
8. The wind generator of
9. The system of
a circular array of wheels which support said mounting structure and rotatably couple said mounting structure with the superstructure.
10. The system of
a tunnel structure for admitting water flow through the barge hull, said tunnel structure aligned centrally and longitudinally within said hull;
an electrical generator assembly for immersion into a water stream and comprising a turbine;
power take-off means for extracting energy from movement of the turbine and for delivering said mechanical energy to an electrical power generator; and
anchoring structure for securing the barge hull in a fore-aft orientation with respect to said water flow.
11. The system of
12. A compact system for production of electrical power and electrolysis products derivable economically from wind and solar energies and comprising:
an elevated building structure including platform structure that afford mounting of equipment thereon;
at least one solar collector fixed thereto, said solar collector array being electrically in communication with a switching structure;
at least one vertical axis wind generator operatively disposed on said platform structure and/or operatively suspended thereunder, said group electrically ganged to at least one switching structure for connecting electrical output of said at least one solar collector and said at least one vertical axis wind generator to at least one gas forming electrolysis equipment; and
a water source for use by said at least one gas forming electrolysis equipment.
13. The system of
an elongated hull having a tunnel passing longitudinally therethrough, said hull bearing thereover an essentially flat deck;
an anchor structure for mooring said barge in a tidal flow so that said tunnel is in alignment therewith;
one or more vertical axis wind generators disposed on said deck, said wind generators including first electrical power generators coupled thereto, said power generators connected to an electric power network and said network connected to a battery structure;
a tunnel structure for admitting water flow through the barge hull and aligned centrally and longitudinally therewith;
a Kaplin turbine operatively positioned in the water flow through the barge hull for immersion into a water stream;
power take-off structure for extracting mechanical energy from Kaplin turbine and delivering said mechanical energy to at least a second electrical power generator, said at least second electrical power generator outputting to said electric power network; and
at least one tidal mill generator disposed at an end of said tunnel structure for providing electrical output to said electric power network.
14. The system of
15. The system of
a fuel cell charging station.
16. An energy generating system for supplying usable power to transportation devices, comprising in combination:
a) a building structure, operatively proximate a source of water, the building structure being operatively proximate a roadway;
b) an electrical generation system for generating electrical power, including a solar powered generator, a wind powered generator, and a water powered generator, each operatively mounted to the building structure respectively;
c) power storage structure for storing electrical power generated from the electrical generation system; and
d) power delivery structure for delivering electrical power from the power storage structure to the transportation devices.
17. The generating system of
18. The generating system of
a) structure operatively coupled to receive electrical output from the electrical generation system for generating gases from water through electrolysis;
b) gas storage structure for storing the generated gases; and
c) electrical generating structure for generating electrical power from the generated gases.
19. A site system for provision of electrical and fuel products for site servicing of vehicles or marine craft comprising in combination:
a source of flowing water:
at least one elevated structure operatively positioned proximate the flowing source of water and being adapted to utilize the water from the flowing source of water to power a turbine system for generating electrical energy, the at least one elevated structure having at least one utility area;
at least one energy generating system for generating electrical energy, operatively positioned on the at least one utility area, and the additional energy generating system being selected from a group consisting of a solar panel collector, a wind power generator and combinations thereof;
a conduction device for transferring the generated electrical energy of the turbine and the at least one energy generating system, the conduction device including a capacitor for electrical energy storage and voltage leveling, the conduction device further including at least one switching device operatively connected thereto for shunting the generated electrical energy to an electrolyzer, to the electrical energy storage device or to a power grid;
an electrolyzer operatively positioned relative to the elevated structure for receiving the generated electrical energy for production of gaseous products from the water;
compression and storage devices, operatively positioned relative to the elevated structure, for receiving the produced gaseous products; and
a multi-service station system for utilizing the produced gaseous products stored in the compression and storage devices such that the gaseous products are used to generate electrical energy.
The present patent application is a continuation-in-part of a non-provisional U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/142,862 filed Jun. 20, 2008, now abandoned, the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference to the extent not inconsistent with the present disclosure.
1. Technical Field
The instant disclosure relates, generally, to composite facilities that may be used to refuel non-polluting vehicles and marine craft. Specifically, the disclosure relates to a facility which generates and stores electrical power as hydrogen from a number of non-polluting, renewable sources, such as wind, water and solar sources. Most uniquely, the disclosure is situated in close proximity to and, in large part, on a generally man-made structure such as an industrial facility (possibly vacant), a bridge (possibly abandon), highway overpass system, or even an industrially polluted brown-field, in short, an area open to the sun and wind. Fullest potential of the disclosure is acquired when the facility is co-located adjacent a body of water, preferably moving.
2. Related Art
The following related art summaries are merely representative of portions of the disclosure disclosed in each reference. These summaries do not suffice for a thorough reading of each individual reference.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,189,925, issued to Long discloses a method for storing electric power and later utilizing the stored power to convert the electric power to chemical energy of molecular hydrogen, reacting the hydrogen with a source of carbon to produce a hydrocarbon compound such as methane or methanol, storing the hydrocarbon compound and then supplying the hydrocarbon compound to fuel a generator which operates to produce electrical power.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,776,171, issued to Perry, Jr. et. al. discloses a solar powered wind driven engine. Desalinization and electrolysis of the water is provided. The system produces carbon dioxide and hydrogen which are used to generate methanol. The methanol can then be used as a fuel to drive an internal combustion engine. This patent further discloses an integrated power system that is uniquely sited, that is, it is located adjacent a body of saline water by its installation on an island or, by inference, a similarly situated piece of land.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,123,667, issued to Decker, discloses a wave energy generator which produces electric power from wave motion. A distortable underwater section has flexible compartments containing liquid and gas and which are equipped with flexible, internal, one-way flow walls separating the compartments. In response to wave motion, the internal fluid of the compartments flow in one direction through the compartments and through a fluid flow-powered motor-generator combination.
The Aqua Magnetics brochure discloses a reciprocating generator which allows for direct conversion of the energy in ocean swells to electric energy. In a six foot ocean swell, one reciprocating generator is capable of producing 400 KW of electric power.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,185,947, issued to Menk, discloses an apparatus for transferring the kinetic energy of waves in a body of water into other forms of energy. Specifically, the invention relates to such apparatus which automatically takes advantage of the variations in the average level of the body of water.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,206,608, issued to Bell, discloses an apparatus and method for utilizing natural energy in the production of electricity having an alternating current (AC). The natural energy is utilized to pressurize hydraulic fluid. The hydraulic fluid is temporarily stored within high pressure storage tanks to be used in the production of electricity.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,305,003, issued to Basurto et al., disclose a power producing system which employs floats that move up or down in tanks, responsive to wave or water motion. The tanks may be located wherever desired in order to take advantage of water motion.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,272,879, issued to Wiggs, discloses a geothermal power system which uses a fluid refrigerant capable of changing phase between liquid and gaseous states. This system includes a heat exchanger exposed to a heat source such as earth, water, air or industrial waste for vaporizing the fluid in the heat exchanger.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,512,787, issued to Dederick, discloses a facility for the generation of electric power and products for refueling of clean air vehicles and marine craft and for use by the facility and/or general market. A host of electrical power generation devices including solar panels, solar collectors, wave action generators, reverse osmosis water purification apparatus, electrolyzers, hydrogen/oxygen purifiers and compressors, storage units, fuel cells, AC/DC motors and generators and the various connectors, gauges and networks used for interconnecting and dispensing the products of a combined source system are used jointly and severally in a unique setting above an elevated roadway or railway.
U.S. Pat. No. 7,178,337, issued to Pflanz discloses a geothermal power plant system for producing electricity and process heat at least one compressed gas storage device and at least one gas compression device connected to the at least one compressed gas storage device. At least one gas utilization device is connected to the at least one compressed air storage device. At least one device for utilizing renewable energy such as solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, ocean thermal energy, ocean waves, ocean current and tidal current, ambient heat or cold is provided.
U.S. Pat. No. 6,674,263, issued to Agbossou et al. discloses a renewable energy (RE) an hydrogen generator, an hydrogen storage, an energy conversion device, a boost converter, a DC to AC converter, and a monitoring system.
U.S. Patent Application Publication US 2008/0212261 to Ajayan et al. discloses energy storage devices, e.g., Capacitors and batteries that may include a composite article of elongated conductive structures embedded in a polymer matrix.
Of the above summarized U.S. Pat. No. 4,189,925 (Long) for METHOD OF STORING ELECTRIC POWER; No. 4,776,171 (Perry, Jr. et. al.) for SELF-CONTAINED RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM; No. 4,123,667 (Decker) for WAVE ENERGY GENERATOR-BRAKE WATER-BARGE-DOCK; No. 4,185,947 (Menk) for WAVE-ACTUATED ENERGY TRANSFER APPARATUS; No. 4,206,608 (Bell) for NATURAL ENERGY CONVERSION, STORAGE AND ELECTRICITY GENERATION SYSTEM; and No. 4,305,003 (Basurto et. al.) for ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEM are hereby incorporated by reference for pertinent and supporting information.
Additionally, U.S. Pat. No. 5,512,787 (Dederick) for FACILITY FOR REFUELING OF CLEAN AIR VEHICLES/MARINE CRAFT AND POWER GENERATION is hereby incorporated by reference.
Limitations within the Field of the Disclosure
A major source of air pollution and smog in metropolitan areas in the United States and world-wide is the burning of fossil fuels for transportation vehicles. In order to reduce this pollution, state governments have established or adopted clean air standards requiring car and truck manufacturers to strive to produce low emission vehicles (LEVs) or zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). Although LEVs are available, a broad market has not, as yet, developed because of the initial cost and the limited reliability record. Thus, despite the lower operational and maintenance costs, and the environmental advantages of these vehicles, no broad market exists for them because of the problems involved in refueling them.
Although ZEVs exist in the introductory stage, many problems must still be resolved before they become commercially available. Most ZEVs rely upon a variety of storage batteries to supply the electrical energy. These batteries cause a major expense in addition to the cost of the vehicle, have limited life expectancy and have a limited driving range because of the paucity of refueling and recharging facilities. Most of them are designed to be recharged overnight, using off-peak, fossil fuel-generated electricity from the local power grid, the logic here being that it is easier to control power plant emission than vehicle emissions. I believe that both the LEV and the ZEV are transitional steps to the development of the fuel-cell vehicle (FCV).
The fuel cell (FC), an energy generator which employs hydrogen and oxygen (or air) to produce direct current (DC) to power a vehicle appears to be the system which I feel will prevail. Although the fuel cell is currently expensive to produce, commercialization will reduce the cost. Some problems exist with the onboard storage of hydrogen, but such have been overcome in selective situations and will be more easily resolved as a market for the fuel cells develops. Among the major problems facing the development of the market for fuel cell driven vehicles is the limited availability of the fuel cell and accessibility of hydrogen to power it, a problem that this disclosure is designed to solve.
Although little has been done to limit the pollution generated by marine craft, especially pleasure power boats, the present disclosure will easily provide an extensive infrastructure of non-polluting refueling facilities for both these and commercial craft. A new generation of pleasure power boats and commercial craft designed to be propelled by electricity supplied by fuel cells or internal combustion/diesel engines converted to run on hythane or hydrothane will reduce this pollution. Fuel cells will rapidly develop once the refueling infrastructure is developed.
I have overcome major limitations within the art in the field by providing a system that will refuel the fuel-cell vehicles and marine crafts. Since the market for the refueling of FCVs may lag the introduction of facilities such as I have envisioned, the power generated by the facilities envisioned within the present disclosure can be used as an adjunct to the area power grid and serve to amortize the cost of their installation. The preponderance of components which make up a FCV (fuel cell vehicle) and marine craft refueling system currently exist and are commercially available. Elements which will be hereinafter incorporated in the instant system and which are commercially available are: solar panels, for DC photovoltaic; solar collectors; wave action generators, such as patented by Aqua-Magnetics of Tampa, Fla.; a mega-capacitor to stabilize the load to the electrolyzer; reverse osmosis apparatus, for pure deionized water; electrolizers, for the production of gaseous products such as hydrogen and oxygen; hydrogen purifiers and compressors; storage units; fuel cells (FCs); AC/DC motors and generators; and accessory connectors, valves, gauges, meters etc.
In devising a composite system that would meld the diversity of non-polluting, renewable energy sources with a highly functional situs which would facilitate one of several possible combinations, it was necessary for me to make developments or improvements to other existing devices such as: wind generators, tidal generator barges and wave/air generators. Of the relevant patents discussed above, none provide the totality of power source subsystems that I do save for that disclosed by the composite system of U.S. Pat. No. 4,776,171 issued to Perry, Jr. et al. Notwithstanding the multiplicity of subsystems available, it was my idea to combine the many energy devices into a compact vertical and horizontal system rather than the purely horizontal system envisioned in '171. Thus, dispensation can be made of the coral quarry, the lobster pond, distillation columns, (fresh) water storage tanks, metal oxide storage facility and, not the least of all, the air strip. Such a wide area facility is right and proper for what amounts to a fuel refinery, but would not suit my needs as to the titled instant disclosure.
When an industry, possibly the one which caused the city to grow up around it, closes its doors, urban decay begins. Commercial firms near the industry go out of business due to the lack of traffic, and malady spreads.
Cities throughout the nation suffer from these dead zones. The structures become eye-sores and attractive nuisances subject to vandalism and arson, not to mention the financial loss of tax revenue to the municipal coffers. While the buildings may be structurally sound, no one wants them.
I have invented a system to allow these buildings to not only provide their own power but add power to the local energy grid, and eventually to develop the infrastructure for fuel-cell (hydrogen) vehicles and marine craft. The power is generated by renewable energy sources-solar, wind, and Hydro (where available) with no transmission lines. Since these buildings were already standing, any litigation regarding the building of power plants or land usage will be minimal, and federal, state, and/or municipal funds are often available to rejuvenate these areas. Further, virtually all elements of the project are currently available.
I have overcome problems and shortcomings of the relevant art relating to generating electricity and fuels for nonpolluting vehicle and marine craft refueling by inventing a physically compact, essentially fixed site system that contemporaneously provides electrical and fuel products for immediate site-servicing of such environmentally friendly vehicles. On an elevated structure possessing a substructure and, when available a superstructure, that is adjacent or proximate a roadway or waterway, there is provided one (or more) electricity generating subsystem(s) such as a solar panel collector, a wind generator, a tidal barge or a water power/wind-wave generator that is (are) located on, in or otherwise operatively situated proximate to the structure. The electric power produced is DC and is attended by the electrical network necessary for conducting the power to electrolysis equipment and charging stations. An adjacent water supply is preferred, such as a stream, fjord, river, lake, bay, tidal estuary or the like.
Compression and storage device for handling gaseous products produced such as hydrogen or oxygen are also part of the facility proper.
In cases where a larger body of water capable of taking advantage of tidal flow is the adjacent water system, a compact floating energy generation system consisting of a barge mounted with various electrical energy producing devices is also contemplated. The barge equipment includes wind generators, wave generators and a hydro-electrical generator that is internal of the barge proper.
Should the situs of the facility be near a bay or body of water subjected to significant wave action, I have provided an additional auxiliary energy production subsystem termed a wave powered air generator. In this regard, having not been the initial inventor, I have made a significant improvement to the air generator subsystem which makes it a valuable adjunct to the other subsystems of my facility.
In particular, the present disclosure relates to:
A first aspect of the disclosure includes a site system for provision of electrical and fuel products for site servicing of vehicles and marine craft comprising in combination: at least one elevated structure for providing a substantial base for said site and having at least one utility area; at least one electrical generation subsystem selected from a group consisting of: a solar panel collector, a wind generator and a water power generation means, said electrical generation subsystem being operatively positioned in said at least one utility area; electrical conduction structure for transferring electrical output of said subsystem to at least one electrolysis structure, said electrical conduction structure including switching means for shunting said electrical output to said electrolysis structure or to electrical power storage structure; at least one water source; the electrolysis structure being capable of producing gaseous products while in electrical communication with said electrical conduction structure and receptive of water from said water source; compression and storage structures for receiving said gaseous products; a multi-service station network for tapping into said compression and storage structures containing said gaseous products, using said gaseous products for generating electrical power and for dispensing hydrogen and oxygen product therefrom; and electric conversion structure capable of generating alternating current power.
A second aspect of the disclosure includes a compact system for production of electrical power and electrolysis products derivable economically from wind and solar energies and comprising: an elevated building structure including platform means that afford mounting of equipment thereon; at least one solar collector fixed thereto, said solar collector array being electrically in communication with a switching means; at least one vertical axis wind generator operatively disposed on said platform means and/or operatively suspended thereunder, said group electrically ganged to at least one switching means for connecting electrical output of said at least one solar collector and said at least one vertical axis wind generator to at least one gas forming electrolysis equipment; and a water source for use by said at least one gas forming electrolysis equipment.
A third aspect of the disclosure is a site system for provision of electrical and fuel products for site servicing of vehicles or marine craft comprising in combination: a source of flowing water: at least one elevated structure operatively positioned proximate the flowing source of water and being adapted to utilize the water from the flowing source of water to power a turbine system for generating electrical energy, the at least one elevated structure having at least one utility area; at least one additional energy generating system for generating electrical energy, operatively positioned on the at least one utility area, and the additional energy generating system being selected from a group consisting of a solar panel collector, a wind power generator and combinations thereof; a conduction device for transferring the generated electrical energy of the turbine and the at least one additional system, the conduction device including a capacitor for electrical energy storage and voltage leveling, the conduction device further including at least one switching device operatively connected thereto for shunting the generated electrical energy to an electrolyzer, to the electrical energy storage device or to a power grid; an electrolyzer operatively positioned relative to the elevated structure for receiving the generated electrical energy for production of gaseous products from the water; compression and storage devices, operatively positioned relative to the elevated structure, for receiving the produced gaseous products; and a multi-service station system for utilizing the produced gaseous products stored in the compression and storage devices such that the gaseous products are used to generate electrical energy.
Some embodiments of this disclosure will be described in detail, with reference to the following figures, wherein like designations denote like members, wherein:
Certain definitions and acronyms will be referred to throughout the remainder of this discussion. Fuel-cell vehicles (FCV's) are propelled by electricity drawn from a fuel cell. In the fuel cell, energy is produced by recombining hydrogen and oxygen (or air) to produce direct current (DC) and water. My present disclosure is conceived as operating as a stand-alone refueling facility to refuel FCVs.
2. Components of the FCV or Marine Craft Refueling System
The majority of the mechanical components of my FCV or marine craft refueling system currently exist and are commercially available. This system combines these elements at sites which provide maximum operational efficiency and accessibility for the vehicles they will serve. The major elements of the system which are commercially available are: solar panels (for DC photovoltaics); wave action generators; mega capacitors; reverse osmosis water de-ionizers; electrolizers (electrolysis unit); hydrogen purifiers and compressors; storage units for gaseous products; fuel cells; AC/DC motors and generators; and accessory connectors along with valves, gauges, meters and other electrical networking devices. In addition to the unique combination of the aforesaid elements, I have invented and/or improved the following energy generating components for integration with the FCV or marine craft refueling system: vertical axis wind generator; tidal generator barge; and a wave/air generator to be totally integrated with my system disclosure. The components of the system infrastructure may be located at or near waterways, roadways, industrial sites, commercial sites, dwellings, savannas, buildings, open spaces, public areas, parks, rivers, lakes, oceans, or any other suitable location. An elevated structure may be an abridgement, overpass, bridge, manmade landscape feature, scaffolding, elevated walkway, overpass, marine craft, or any other structure, superstructure, fixed or movable construction, or any other manmade or natural feature that has sufficient size for the placement thereon of a solar collecting mechanism, wind power generator, water power generator, or any other energy collecting or energy generating component of the system. Energy may be electrical, chemical, mechanical, nuclear, solar, geothermal, kinetic, potential, heat, wind, water, or any other form of energy that may be collected, generated, released, or converted. An elevated structure may be proximate water in the form of tidal flows or basins, rivers, large creeks or estuaries and be subject to higher than the normal surface winds, while being free of shadowing influences. As will be seen in the drawings, primarily
3. Integration of the Components and Subsystems
Having reference now to
The reason for the depicted set up is that, as will be seen in the further discussion of
In particular, a capacitor 21 in the present disclosure may be a mega capacitor supercapacitor, ultracapacitor, or double-layer capacitor. Supercapacitors, ultracapacitors, and double-layer capacitors have high energy density when compared to common capacitors and also have very high rates of charge and discharge with little degradation over hundreds of thousands of cycles. Supercapacitors, ultracapacitors, mega capacitors and double-layer capacitors may incorporate electrolytes, metal oxide coated electrodes, carbon nanotubes and conductive polymers, organic electrolytes, or carbon aerogel. Carbon nanotubes have excellent nanoporosity properties, allowing tiny spaces for the polymer to sit in the tube and act as a dielectric. Some polymers (e.g. polyacenes) have a redox (reduction-oxidation) storage mechanism along with a high surface area. Supercapacitors, ultracapacitors, mega capacitors and double-layer capacitors may include carbon aerogel. Carbon aerogel is a material providing extremely high surface area. The electrodes of aerogel supercapacitors may be made of paper made from carbon fibers and coated with organic aerogel, which then undergoes pyrolysis. The paper may be a composite material where the carbon fibers provide structural integrity and the aerogel provides the required large surface. Supercapacitors, ultracapacitors, and double-layer capacitors may include activated carbon that is unaligned and irregular in shape or the activated carbon may be aligned and regular in shape.
One embodiment of the system 10 is illustrated in
A second embodiment of the system 10 is illustrated in
Also housed in the building is an electrolyzer (not shown) that breaks down the water into oxygen and hydrogen and may be stored in suitable tanks (not shown) inside or adjacent to the buildings 204, 206. The stored hydrogen and oxygen can either be sold or dispensed to fuel cell vehicles as well as used in a fuel cell to produce alternating current (AC) electricity which may be fed into the local power grid, provide AC current for the buildings and equipment at the site and provide AC current to as much as an 8 to 10 block radius therefrom, as depicted in
As clearly illustrated in
In another representative embodiment of a plurality of representative embodiments, water may also be diverted into a second building in a manner similar to the diversion of the water from the waterway 208 into building 206. The main stream of the waterway 208 continues but may be separated from the diverted water so that the flow of diverted water to 216 through at least one building 206 is controlled and separate from the main waterway 224. The water diversion may be accomplished by structure such as a wall 220 or embankment or, in the case of multiple buildings, a plurality of walls. A small waterfall 222, may change the level of the water flowing in the main waterway 208 from the height of the wall to a point lower than the wall thereby splitting the water in the waterway 208 into two paths, A and B, it being understood that this is merely one of a plurality of different approaches that may be taken to divert the water from the waterway to and through the turbine located in the buildings. While the turbine located inside the buildings are not specifically shown, they are conventional and are well known in the art. However, some conversion cost may be required to convert the old AC turbine, which may remain in the structure, to DC for the system of the present disclosure.
Depending upon the location of the buildings and the type of waterway utilized, other electricity generating vehicles such as those described above may be strategically positioned in close proximity to the buildings so that the electricity generated thereby can be stored in the mega capacitor for production of hydrogen and oxygen for utilization by fuel-cell vehicles that will utilize additional superstructure constructed in the near proximity to the buildings, such as hydrogen and oxygen dispensing structure for the fuel-cell vehicles that utilize streets and highways proximate the buildings and bridge, if present.
With respect to fuel-cell vehicles, the establishment of a plurality of these sites at abandon buildings, such as, for example, textile plants throughout the United States, in addition to providing electrical energy to the local power grid and producing sufficient electrical energy for the site and the surrounding area, would effectively develop an infrastructure for the refueling of fuel-cell vehicles. In other words, one of the major holdups to the practicality of fuel-cell vehicles is the lack of a refueling infrastructure and the cost to develop thereof. The development of sites as described in the present disclosure would jumpstart the commercialization of fuel-cell vehicles for use throughout the United States, with the establishment of a plurality of sites as disclosed in the present disclosure.
As is known, former textile plants are usually located adjacent to open spaces such as parking lots that would be ideal for building apartments and/or condos as the population moves back to the inner city from the suburbs. Thus, with the implementation of the present disclosure, it may be possible to reduce the inner-city blight and at the same time provide new neighborhoods adjacent thereto.
Turning now to more specific devices of my disclosure,
Referring specifically now to
Referred to earlier, a problem faced by vertical axis generators may be that the energy developed by the rotating ring may be reduced both by the resistance of vanes turning into the wind and the partial vacuum developed behind those vanes by their air foil configuration. Note
The wind generator structures may be fitted with a three arm reinforcement brace which may be connected to a retainer ring on the top of the rotating vertical axis rod to provide stability during periods of high winds. Should the wind generator be mounted vertically, additional support rollers would be affixed to the base of the reinforcement braces. A hinge may be affixed alongside a base to facilitate servicing of the drive mechanism and the DC generator.
I term my overall disclosure 10 a system and the various supportive units for the production or generation of products or power as, generally, subsystems. The vertical axis wind generator discussed above may be one of the subsystems of my disclosure while the tidal barge 16 may be another having, perhaps, a more significant importance.
4. Improvements in Existing Tidal/Wave Devices
A very practical, simple and inexpensive wave energy generator has been designed by the engineering staff of Queens University, Glasgow, Scotland, which consisted of a small, firmly-built structure into which an incoming wave flows through an orifice, compressing air within an adjacent structure. Reference to
The embodiments disclosed herein have been discussed for the purpose of familiarizing the reader with the novel aspects of this disclosure. Although preferred embodiments of the disclosure have been shown, many changes, modifications and substitutions may be made by one having ordinary skill in the art without necessarily departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as described in the hereinafter appended claims.