US 2011639 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
K. Y. JoHANNEssoN 2,011,639
FOUNTAIN PEN DESK SET y Filed July 2o, 193s 2` sheets-sheet 1 Aug. 20, 1935. K. Y. JoHANNEssoN 2,011,639
FOUNTAIN PEN DESK SET Filed July 20, 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY INVENTOR rHy/ erzzzesozz CTI Patented Aug. 2Q, 1935 N unir-soi stares;
Win39? @ATENE QFFCE l andere` l FOUNTAIN eine. nnsle sin.v
Karl Y. Johannesson,A Berwick, Ba. Application. .my 2o; 1933;. serias Nb. 681.265
This invention relates; generally' to fountain pensa'nd has particular reference to' pens and iii-ling' apparatus therefor.
. O'neobiect of this invention is theK provision of a; new and improved desir set comprising'arountain' penr and. a. holder therefor having means for filling? the pen: with ink..
` Still another object of thisk invention is the provision of a new and improved inlrwell with which a; fountain pen is adapted tor` cooperate for lling the pen.
A?. further' object of. this invention is the provision of a fountain pen which is so constructed as to allow air to leavev the pen barrel under certain conditions7 but in which the outer airis prevented from entering the barrel.,
A still further object of this invention is the provision of' a fountain pen, the barrel of` which is adapted to be supplied with ink by pressure whereby no vacuum is created above the ink in the barrel.
A still furtherv object of this invention is the provision oi a desk set including an ink Well or l'lingj apparatus anda fountain pen, which set is simple in construction, easy and inexpensive to manufacture and strong and durable inoperation.-
. Other objects and advantages of this invention .will be apparent from the following description .taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view through the upper portion of a fountain pen showing one form ofthe present invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view through the upper portion of a pen showing a modified form of the invention;
Fig. 3 is a sectional View through the upper portion of a pen showing still another modification of the invention;
' Fig. 4 is a View of one of the valves shown in 2, the View being vtaken onthe line 4 4, Fig. 2; y
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary detail View of one o the valves shown in Fig. 2, the View showing the valve in open position;
Fig. 6 is a View taken on the line 8 6, Fig. 3;
Fig. 7 is a sectional View of one form of the ink Well or ller;
Fig. 8 is a sectional View of the ink well or filler shown in Fig. '7 with the outer casing or housing removed and showing'a pen in position therein;
' Fig. 9 is a view similar to Fig.l 'l but showing a'modifed `iorrnoi ink Well or ller with a pen in position therein;
Fig'. 10' isL a sectional view. of the ink well' or ller'shown in` Fig. 9': with the housing therefor removed and' showing a pen in lling position;
Fig. lil? isa sectional' View otA a portion of an.- othery modifiedf'orm. of the` invention, the View being takeny on the-line iI-l i, Fig'. 11u;
Fig; llw i's1a longitudinalf sectionalV view Athrough the' upper portion of" a pen showing the form of the invention shown in Fig.` 11, the view being taken on the line illu-lila, Fig. 11,. and' Fig. 12? is a sectional: View. of a modified' form of inkA Well or lling apparatus;`
Referring now more particularly to the drawings: Figures l, 2, 3 and 11a,A each disclose .the upper portion of' a tountain perr,.theseflgu1es dis.- closi'ng several' modifications. of the device.. In the construction shown in Fig.. 1 theI pen comprises. a` barrel indicated gener-.allyl at A, the upper end portion of which isinternally threaded as shown at 2.' forsecuring a cap, or endl closurei the interior' of whichlatteri'szprovided with a bore Elin which is; fitted the cylindrical stem 3i of avent member t which is.: seated on a, shoulder i2 formed in the barrel A';. the end closuremeniber' d bearing: against the Vent member lil. to` secure the latter in. position. As clearlyshown in Fig. l the. stern 8 of vent member lddoes rio-toompl'etely iill the bore 6, the upper portion of the latter constituting a; valve chamber 'i in whichv is positioned avalve Hl retained by a. spring Hi. to normally close the upper end of a bore i8 which extends through the vent member le: and through a.' tube Bit depending therefrom and provided at its lower end portion with a valve chamber 24% in which is seated` a ball check valve 22 retained by a pin Z6. Formed in the cap or end closure member i and extending from valve chamber l to the atmosphere is an air duct 28.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 2, 4 and the upper end portion of the barrel A is closed by means of a vent member in the form of a valve housing which includes a base mem.- ber 32seated on a shoulder 34 formed in the barrel A and a. cylindrical bushing 35. extending upwardly from the base member 32 and ar- 45 ranged Within a recess formed in an end closure or cap 38, the interior oi the bushing constituting l an air chamber 39. The upper end portion of the recess constitutes a valve chamber l! in which is positioned a Valve 42 retained in seated position ou `the upper end portion of bushing by a spring 44. Leading from the valve chamber iii to the atmosphere is an air duct or vent 46. The valve housing also includes a tube 48 which depends from the base member 32. A portion of the tube @Sie enlarged `to form a holding element 5d for a'r lexible` and elastic diaphragm 52 whichis adapted to close an yair port orduct Sie leadingA from the longitudinal bore 5E in the' lower portionl of the tube. The duct eli isfformed'in 4the enlarged portion 5e and the latter is also yprovided with a ,duct/5B which communicates with an air duct- "Se in the upper portion of the tube G8 which leads into the interior of the bushing; the air Abic-.amber 3Q?. Ineiect,f-the construction of the tube, more particularly the enlargement b', the ducts 5i! and f 53, the diaphragm`52 and the air chamber 33 constitutes a valve arrangement which is operative e as more fully described l'iereinafter.v
p In the form ofthe invention shown-Tin',Fig.` 3y the upper end portion of the vbarrel Ai-"iis pro-` vided with an internal `shoulder E52 which' supports a multi-part valve' member -B` compris-" 4"ing a base member 6ft from which tube 66dec pends, the tube iy being provided with" a'bore 68 whichcommunicates with a ybore 'IB formed l2. in, direct `cornrnunication withv the interior ofjthe. barrel through av plurality of relatively largeapertures M. L. Injeffect, the valve member Llift is substantially wheel-shaped. in plan, depression-'iZbeing formedin thehub portion 'therev iorementioned diaphragm Min The upper valve member `8@ also includes a' cylindrical bushing` of and the apertures. 'M being defined between what may betermedspokes; the latter being connectedl'by` a rim'seated': on shoulder 62. The bore .fl'is formed-fin oneltcf the spokesas shown clear- .lyfin Fig. 6.1v The vdepression F2 is covered by an 'elastic' diaphragm 'i5 covering the Alower valve member 611i said diaphragm being rnarginalhfk vhanged as shown at 'lfand being retained inposi-` tion/by the upper valve' member 8i); vThe diav phragml 'i6 is providedwith an air portZwhch Llocominunic'atesvwith an air duct ed rformed in 'the upper valve "member iiand discharging into ay rcess'j formedlin 'the lowerv surfacevoi the uppervalve member r`iand covered bythe be- 38 which extends upwardlytherefromnand'is arranged -withinga'recess formed ink a cap ,9B sey l curedfto barrel Aifandbearing against the uprper valve member'i] tosecure the' multi-part' valve member BY-and diaphragm l5 in assem-y bled relation.A The bushing 38 vdoes `notf extend thegfull kdepth of the recess in the cap 90 where- 'by to provide'`a valve chamber 92 in the-'cap 90 'in which is' a valve 94 supported on the' upper `end of the ybushing-83 and normally'retained inseatedfpositionby a spring Se. Thefrecess 8e is in "communication through a port 98 with` the interior of the bushing ysaidinterior constituting an lupper, air chamber 89, which is closed by thevalvee'. l'Il'leval've chamber 92 is' in `commu'rnlclation with fthe ,outsider atmosphere through `ra vent iformed in the cap 90.
1,1 and lla the barrel A atits upperfendfsupports*aventmemberindicated generally at le! Awhich is threadevdly eng'agedf'within arcap or end closure ID3; 4thek latter being secured to the vbar- 'jrel by being threaded :thereto as shown at H95. v Thev ventr member lill ycomprises asu'pporting portion :lill which rests on the upper 'end o f-'the bar rel fn and` is formed with ahead Aiiigwith which an elastic diaphragm l-i l, 'formed `ofvrubber Ior ,the like, is grippingly engaged as shown-at' H3. t
l ,"Depending from the supporting'portionSill of Ywith a reduced lower endportion iI'LsubstaI-ltially nozzle shaped and having a port i le therethrough which communicates with the interior or vbore liti of said tube. I'hebore lili extends entirely through the vent rmember lei and has an inner tube 23 arranged therein, said inner tube vproviding a longitudinal bore The tube 23 at its upper end portionl is of a diameter such as tofsnugly t within the bore i2! wherebysaid inner/tube is heldin position as `shown at i25,
as clearlylshown in Fig. 11a. The upper end portion i ci. the inner tube 23 is provided with space between the diaphragm ll li and the upper end vportion ofthe vent member le i. The inner ,tube E23 is providedat itsupper end portion with a taperedvalveseaty 629 in which is` posii tioneda ball check valve le! adapted, under certain conditions, to close a port istv formed in thediaphragm lil; and the'capl N33 is provided l,
' shown, asany desired-typeof point'and feeder bar may be used with thei'nklwell or filling apparatus now to be described.r r lR,e'feriinf.-,f to Figs. 7 `and ffwhichv disclose one orin ofthe invention,` it can. be,r seen that thelling apparatus comprises a1 baselii having an upstanding annular nange me to which issecured a reservoir member H05 having a wellliS for receiving ink,
v'said well being providedwitha cover Mil and j the 'reservoirmember B05 as shown clearly in Flgj'r"A f. n y I Formed as a part of the reservoir member it is a cylinder'if constituting Valpen receivingl member, said cylinderbeingprovided with. a central bore E39 in which is mounteda cylindrical plunger tube l32 the uplr .end portion of which is provided with a pen' receiving opening 13%. Connected with the tube 32 at its upper end vportion inany suitable' or desired manner is` a pen gripping member 36 formed of elastic mae terial, substantially frusto conical in'form and surrounding the yuppervend.'portion'oi the tube d l n n `[32 an'dfprovided with* a Vsecuring yflange He ar- Inthe form of the invention showninigs.v
ranged on the upper end portion of 'themember Ai223 vand 'secured by'a .nut Miti, the latter being internally recessed to accommodate the pen gripfping member i352 The tube i32`is provided with an airl port M2' which, when the 'tube isk in its normal position as indicatediin Fig. 'l isabove the level of the ink in the well. The rscribed is preferably'arranged' within -a housing l-5i provided with a removable cover portionyl'il which;` when' removed, permits access to theink well iustdeff in the'well |638 through an "openingrv .ide formed inl the cover 'i HJ.' Obviously, theapp'aratus may be supplied with ink through opening M8.
andbeing somewhat below the valve 22 it is apparent lthat the pen when 'in' use,y may-held in any position jwithout ink passing into the tube 2E). o
Inthe form of the invention shown in `Fig.2,` as yinl: enters the barrel rAY under ypressure by op-1 L eration ofthe lling'apparatus hereinafter de.-
scribed, the air within thebarrel A o'fjthe pen is compressed which obviously will alsocompress the airintube i8 and, because diaphragm 52 is, normally in the position shown in Fig; 5,
being undeflected, the air inbore 55 and chamber Siiwill be compressed. Normally an air passage is established throughboreqS, ports 5d. and 58 and bore 50 to air chamber 39` and the diaphragm 52 is not delectedbecause thesame' air -pres-v ,o sure prevails on bothsidesofthe diaphragm `52. This, obviously, is the Acondition wheny the 'ink ylevel in'v the barreliA-is,below`the lower endof 'apoint in excess of theaction of the spring fifi,
the tube 4S. yCiornpressing the air as mentioned above will cause the'air, in chamber 39 to reach and valve i2 will lthenbe unseated to permit escapev of air from chamber 39 tothe atmospherev through port 46, following which ythe valve 42 will be re-seated on theend of bushing 35. VThis action will be repeateduntilfthe ink vcloses the lower end of tube i8 to form two independent and nonfcommunicating columns of air, one
within the barrel-A o-utside of tube 8 land the other within the tube d8. As inkoontinues to be forced into the barrel it Ywill also passv into the tube'li, rbut the level of the i-nkwill rise more quicklyin the bore 56 of tube t8 tha'nin thev `barrel outside of the tube for therea'son that thek air volume in chamber 33 andbores'j, 5t
' and 55 decreasesless fora definite rise of ink in bore 56 than does the air volume inthe barrel A for the same 'riseof link level. This is due to @the fact that the air voluz'neV in bore 55 is substantially less thanthe air volumein chamber 39.
In effect, asthe ink level rises, the air pressure" in barrel A increases` more than the air ypresvsure-in air chainberBQ'until the pressurev of the l lair against valve 42 andV withinv chamber 39 vreaches a point in, excess of the combined action `of the spring Maand the atmosphere whereupon y valve 42 will unseat to permitl venting of the air from chamber 39. V Such venting of the air, as just described causes a sudden drop ofk air pressurein chamber 39, and the resultant air pressure will be less than the pressure ofthe air with'- inthe barrel A outside lof tubeff which will ,'tion shown in Fig. 2 where port 54 is closed andv cause thev diaphragm 52 to deilect vto thel posisevering communication between bore 55,V and chamber 39. pressure vinto the barrel A after port 5ft has loeenclosedby diaphragm52 willcause ink to lrise in bore 55 and the barrel` A Auntil the pressure of, air l,above the ink in bore 56 increases to a pointwhere it balances'the pressure of theairl on the ink in barrel A. Increase in inl; level `within` the barrel and the bore 55 obviously in- Y creases the respective air'pressures in the bore 55 within bore 55 is less than that'in the barrel A the diaphragm 5,2 will remain in a deected posiandbarrel A but Abecausethe pressure of the air tion suchas shown in Fig.` 2.
When inflow of ink into theybarrel'stops'as determined by arvpressureswithin the barrel A l `and tube d3, a certain amount of inl:` will loe'forcec'i` eut'ozfethe barrel `dueto theexpansion of the air Vtrapped above .the ink the barrel and in the bore 55 until the pressure ofthe air in the pen balances .the loutside'f, atmospl'ieric pressure whichfwill occurl Continuedv entrance of ink under when theV ink inthe pen has; receded to a level somewhat lower than the end of tube ein It is ob- Viousthat the diaphragm 52 will Yagain assume the ,position illustrated in Eig; 5 as soon as the receding inkagain opens bore 56 whereby identical air pressurer ori'. oppositev sides A of ydiaphragm 52 are established.,` y* .y f j In the form ofA the invention shown in Figs. 3 and as ink is forced into `thebarrel'the airin the latter and in air chamber 89 is compressed in the samefratio because there is direct communication between the interior of the barrely and said air chamber through ducts Eik 115,32, 84 and S3;
o the diaphragm 7 5 :being retained in its normal and undeected'positionbecause the air pressure lon opposite sidesgthereof ris uniform. kWhen the vair pressure within chamber 89 is sufficient, the
valve 94 is unseated to permit ventingrofexcess air through port itil and this operation is re'- peated until the ink reaches the lower end of tube v iiiito close bore E8 to separate the kairin barrel A from-that in chamber 89; With the vbore 68 closed against passage of'lair therethrough it is yobvious that the pressure of the air Within the barrel QA will increase beyond thatin the chamber 89. Ink willbe forced upwardly within bore 68 'which will compressthe air thereabove to a point such as'to cause thel air pressure within chamber 39 to vunseat valve Se thereby causing a sudden drop in air pressure within such chamber 89 to a point below the pressure kof the air in barrel A and, the air in barrelA will actthrough thev openings lll against-,the 'diaphragm l5 lto close a duct 84.
l' With-duct 8d closed as just described, the pressure ofthe air onthe ink in barrel YA causes ink to rise in vbore 'thereby compressing the air thereabove until the pressure thereof balances the ball valve |34| closes port |39 against escape of air therethrough. The specific arrangement shown inFig. llafprovides three columns of air;V
one within the'barrel A, another indicated at lill around the tube |23, and a third, the bore |39 of the innertube |23 land these columns are l Vnormally at auniforrn pressure. This condition t prevails as long as communication exists between them and the'interior ofthe barrel at the lower end of tube "|23 bymeans of the port of opening I9 in thenozzle portion of 'tube' H5. As ink enters the barrel AA, the air. in these three-columns is compressed;A the air in column|4| passing through 'portsl |21. `When sufficient pressure hasY developed beneath the diaphragm |||the latter will be deected yto uncover port |33 to permit escape of air. through said port to the atmosphere through vent |37. As longas the ink level remains belowv the nozzleV ||'|,the'va1ve |31 will remain seated to close the upper end of bore 139.-). lWhen,r however, theink reaches the lower en diof the nozzle lilas shown by the ink vlevel indicated in dotted lines at |43, the lower end of v-thegnozzle is closedand air communication between the interior Vof the barrel.A-and the ventmember is severed. Increase rof ink in the Y rbarrel A to thelevel diagrammatically indicated bya broken` line' atv |45 .establishes three seri-.ed forst-orage inathbore maand rmiy heid in position by means of the lpen grip memberilrl.-
Downward pressure'` on" the barrel A of the'pen` will cause downward'movement of the plunger'-v |64 to the positionshown in Fig. -10 which places' `the ink in the deskset member under pressure whereby it is forced upwardly in thebarrel Al n throughthefeederbar F.- Downwardfmove-k ment oftheplunger |64 as described '.will cause theball valve |58 to close the passage |55 Wheree yby the ink in sump |60 is retained under pressure.
I The torusl |`|6fvv not only serves as a sealing ele-r l ment 'between cylinder |52 Aand plunger `Hifi but.
` sition, and it canbe seen that deiiection or'distor-l also functionsA as a'means-forreturning and main-y taining theplungerfin itsnormal or extended potion of the torus from kits normal position (Fig.
' 9) to that shown-in Fig; 10'effects an increase in A thepressureuof'theair therewithiniso that upon release of the pen barrel A theair pressure 1 within the torus'causes upward movementof the plunger |64 to itsknormalor extended position This obviously relieves `the ink Withinthe` sump |5 ofipressure and permits the Valve |58 to leave the port l 56 whereby inkr from the well may pass through ports |54 'and |55 into the` sumpl |60 to l, replenish'the ink in thelatterto'an amount in accordance with that'forced into thepen barrel.
' iv'.In Fig. A12jlthe-pen barrel fA fisthreadedly en-` Cil gaged'or connectedv with the lling apparatus, in
whichpo'sitionffthe feeder barfF. and pen point are arranged inftheink in the stem'Z, the. latter functioning as a supply tube. Elementl 2 hi constitutes .za' pumpr element Which, whenfpressed' downwardlycausesl air to beA forced into theibase |88 through ythe opening `2|2 actuation Aof said pump elementca'usin'g the air -to unseat they valve vmember 226. Obviously;- no air( can escape from ythe well1|B8 'through-tube E24-so long as the opening 22,2 therein is`kept closed by means oran op-v erators ngerfasshown in Fig. l2.y The air within thexvell-|88 'causes operationof the'valve y226 .l 'toclose theA opening 2|2 'asthe pump'element 214v l moves fupwardly; this: upward movement of ythe f pumpelementy permitting air to pass through 'porti4 2|6, opening `valvelr2|8 so thatfurther downward movement ofthejpump element 2M forces addi-`v tional air 'past vali/c1225 through the opening 2|2.
The pump elementl'Z G therein is'adapted to build up a pressure within the'well |88 on 'the ink therewhich. will vcause inky to be )forced through the stem,` 2B? andzthroughthe feeder bar Ff'within vthe,ba rrelffA; Y .t v
iThecombined'action of either of the pens shown and describediwith ythei-lllingv apparatus shown and' described produces'a desk set'whichris highly efcient `inoperation; Ythe pens lbeing retained soV y j penbarrelytheproper arnountof'ink retained in lledto their normalcapacity by the simple ex.- Y pedient of forcing the pen and the plunger downwardlywhereby to place the link in the filling apparatus'under pressure 'so that it passeslinto the the penfor forced into the pen beingautomatically regulated yby., the' valve `arrangements shown in Figs. 1,2, Sand 11ani j lThe drawingshereinillustrate certainembodimentsjof 'the` rpresent invention, but. it 4is to be understood thatthey are for illustrative purposes `only and various changes Vinthe form 4and pro- Iportions of the specicfconstructions may be made f withirrthe `scope ofthe 'appended claims without departingfromtl'xespirit'oftheinvention.y 2
1. Av desk,V set of the character described corn-r prising a; pen filling apparatus holding ink, means shiftable into saidapparatusand so formed asto place .the ink under pressure, and apen for actuating-said shiftable means and receiving ink from said apparatus, said ypen being. so formed as to entranceoifink.`r J
include meansiforventing airr onlytherefrom upon 2. A'desksetof 'the character described com-` prising afpen'llingapparatus holding. ink, tubular pen receiving means shiftably mounted in said apparatuafand a pen for sealinglyengagingsaid pen receivingmeans and for shifting said means into the apparatus whereby to placethe ink therein under pressureto causeitto enter the pen,said pen including a vvalve controlled vent means for air, the'. valve thereof being .operative in response to inklevel lwithin thef pen to 'control admission of ink intov said pen. 1 if ,f y
l 3. Ina desk set of the character described'the combination witha filling apparatusholding ink andhaving plunger means operative to place the ink underpressure, of a pen fori actuating said plunger means,.fair vent'v means insaid pen, and valvemeans associated with the air vent means and operative in response to variations in inklevel' in Ythe-pen to close said air vent meansv sol as to trap air within the pen whereby to control passage of ink to. thevpen. 1 i 4. A desk set vof the, character described comprisinga iilling: apparatus holdingy ink and having a plunger means extending intothe ink Yadapted whenactuated in one direction' to place the ink under pressure, and a pen'engageable with the plungerr means inY sealing relation for actuating said plunger means vwhereby ink is forced under `pressure intoy the pen; air vent means in the peng and a valve;v associated with` the vent means and operative'in` response to variations in level of the': ink in said pen to control escape of air through the vent means.-
` v 54A desk set of the character described com.-I
prising a filling yapparatus holding ink and having ssi a plunger' means extending intoV the ink/adapted "When'iactuated in one direction vtofplace the ink underipressure, and a penengageable with the plunger means insealing'relation for actuating said lplungermfeans whereby inkisforced underv pressure into saidpen, air Vent meansin the pen', said air vent means being 'so formed and` arranged -as to receive inkv thereby closing said air vent means against admission offair from the interior of the pen, and a valve adapted to close said airv vent means, said valve beingv operative in response f to `air pressure withinfthepen in excess of the pressure of the'airwithin the'vent means. t v6. In a devicelof ther kind described," an ink reservoir member having'a well, a pen receiving portion having a bore, a sump in communication with thepen receiving portion, valve controlled means. for admitting inkf from the well to the sump, and. a plungerj'lmember in the boreyof the pen receiving portion for .receive ing the point and :feeder bari of va pen to vbe filled, a gripping member secured to the upper end portion of the plunger member andfso formed as to'closely grip the lower end portion of a pen, said plunger member Vbeing* axiallyV y shiftableiin' `the bore ofthe penreceiving por-4 tion by said pento compress the ink in said sump t when the plunger is shifted and to tend to hold the plunger in its shifted position.
28. In a desk set, an ink holding portion prot vided with a plunger having its upper end portion formed to be engaged by a pen whereby it tended position relative to the ink holding porsov tion and having its upper end formed to be engaged by a pen whereby said plunger may be shifted into the ink, andresilient means oo nnected with the plunger adapted to grip the pen when the plunger is shifted as beforementioned in such a manner as to act against theplunger such as to tend to lrestrain the latter against shifting in the reverse direction.
10. In a desk set, apen filling apparatus holding ink and provided with a plunger having its upper end portion formed to be engaged by'a pen whereby said plunger may be shifted by the pen into the ink, and a pen grip member connected with the plunger and adapted to sealingly engage the pen when the plunger is shifted, said member being so formed as to tend to hold the plunger in the ink when in engagement with the pen.
11. In a desk set, an ink holding member having a cylinder and a plunger shiftably mounted therein, said plunger having its upper `end portion formed to be engaged by a pen whereby said plunger may be shifted from its outer position by saidpen into the ink to i'lll'said pen, a pen grip member connected with the plunger and so formed as to lsrealingly engage the pen, said pen grip member being so formed as to tend to hold the pen in the ink when it is inengagement with the pen, and resilient means connected with the cylinder and plunger and tending to hold the plunger in its outer position. v
12. In apparatus of the class described, an ink holding member comprising a reservoir and a well portion in communication therewith, a valve adapted to isolate the well from the reservoir, said reservoir including a chamber adapted to hold ink, a-plunger slidable in said 4chamber and .in uninterrupted communication with the reservoir, and resilient means connected with the vplunger and so formed as to grippingly engage a pen to hold the latter when the plunger is rshifted in the chamber.
13. In apparatus of the class described, an ink holding member having a reservoir and a well in communication therewith, a cylinder forming `a part of said reservoir, a pen-carrying plunger hold thelatter as the plunger is shifted in the cylinder by said pen, and a check Valve adapted to close communication between the well and reservoir upon shifting movement of the plunger in the cylinder whereby the ink in said reservoir will be retained under pressure to force it into the pen.
14. An ink receptacle having an ink reservoir and a cylinder in free and uninterrupted communication therewith, a well member holding ink, a plunger in said cylinder, and means including a check valve for controlling passage of ink from the well member to the reservoir upon insertion of a pen into said plunger and shifting of the latter in the cylinder to isolate the well member from the reservoir whereby the ink in the reservoir is placed under pressure to force a charge of ink into the pen.
l5. The combination o-f an ink receptacle and va means for forcing ink into fountain pens through the pen point end of the same, of a fountain pen having an ink holding barrel, a pen point at one end and an air vent means at the opposite end of said pen, said air vent means including a. valve operative in response to variations in level of the ink in said pen to control escape of air through said vent means.
16. In a desk set, an ink holding member having a chamber and a plunger shiftably mounted therein, means sealing the joint between the chamber and plunger, said plunger having its upper portion formed to be engaged by a pen whereby the plunger may be shifted by said pen, and means associated with said plunger to hold the pen in sealing relation with the plunger.
i7. In a desk set, an ink holding member having a chamber and a plunger shiftably mounted therein, for movement from its normal position, means sealing the joint between the chamber and plunger and tending to hold the plunger in its normal position, said plunger having its upper portion formed to be engaged by a pen whereby the plunger may be shifted by applying pressure to the pen, means associated with said plunger operable to hold the pen in sealing relation with the plunger and said last named means being operable to its holding and sealing position upon application to the pen of a pressure less than that necessary to shift the plunger.
18. In apparatus of the class described, a receptacle having la storage chamber and a dispensing chamber communicating with the storage chamber, 'a pen carrying plunger located in the dispensing chamber, a back `check valve lcontrolling passage of fluid from the storage chamber to the dispensing chamber, and means which includes a flexible sac cooperating with said plunger and said back check valve for forcing ink into a pen when pushing the pen down with the plunger.
' 19. An ink receptacle having an ink reservoir and an upstandi'ng neck which is in communication with said reservoir, mechanism associated with said receptacle which includes sealing means and a plunger device operable upon insertion of a pen in the neck for forcing a charge of ink into the pen and for refilling said neck from the reservoir upon withdrawal of the pen from the neck.
KARL Y. JoHANNEssON.