|Publication number||US2011832 A|
|Publication date||Aug 20, 1935|
|Filing date||Jan 18, 1933|
|Priority date||Jan 18, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2011832 A, US 2011832A, US-A-2011832, US2011832 A, US2011832A|
|Inventors||Slater Charles F|
|Original Assignee||Slater Charles F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 20,` 1935.
` C. F. SLATER COLD PACK Filed Jan, 18, 1933 INV NTOR 7.1 fat Patented Aug. 20, 1935 UNETED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2 Claims.
Cold packs are laid on or adjacent; to por tions of the human body for medicinal or curative purposes, as for instance to relieve pain er to reduce or prevent inflammation.
In the present practice hot water hotties or ice bags, provided with removable caps, are filled with broken ice or ice and water and applied as cold packs. l
The intention, of course, is to renew the application as soon as the ice melts and the temperature of the water rises to approximate that of thebody, but the renewal of the application is attained with considerable labor and. inconvenience. 'Ihus ice must be cracked and the bag emptied and refilled.
There is also danger of leakage, wetting the bedclothes and sometimes causing serious results to the patient.
The leakage usually occurs about the cap, the threads being necessarily coarse and insufficient care being frequently exercised in tightening the cap after refilling.
The object which I have in view is the provision of a cold pack having a moistureproof and flexible outer envelope within which is perinanently entrapped a body of refrigerant such, for instance, as water, brine or other suitable liquid, and which preferably when subjected to suitable temperatures will assume a solid or semi-solid state and which may then be applied as a cold pack.
After an application long enough to raise the temperature of the refrigerant so that the cooling effect is no longer such as desired the cold pack is removed and a freshly refrigerated cold pack is substituted.
In case the chilling temperature to which the cold pack is submitted is not sufficient or the refrigerant is such that it does not assume a solidly frozen state, the internal cavity of the envelope may extend for its full capacity, but where the refrigerant employed is such as to be frozen solid, the flexibility of the cold pack would be destroyed if the envelope be provided with an uninterrupted internal cavity.
Thus, for instance, if the refrigerant be water and in preparing the cold pack the water be frozen into a solid sheet occupying substantially the entire internal area of the envelope, it would be impossible for the cold pack to accommodate itself to the contour of the human body.
Therefore in the preferred form of my improved cold pack the interior of the same is divided int()` a plurality of chambers separated by flexible partitions which act as hinges and thus enable (El. 12B-258) the cold pack to accommodate itself to the contour of the body.
Other novel features of construction and arrangement of parts will appear from the following description. 5
In the accompanying drawing wherein I have illustrated a practical embodiment of the principles of my invention, Fig. 1 is a view in perspective of the preferred form of my improvedcold pack.
Fig. 2 is an incomplete cross section of the same taken along the line 2-2 in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a similar view showing a modification.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view showing the cold pack provided with a continuous internal cavity.
Referring first to Figs. l, 2 and 3, l represents a flexible envelope which is preferably formed of rubber with fabric embedded therein. Said envelope is provided with a plurality of internal chambers 2, which chambers are preferably run transversely of the cold pack from side to side, and which chambers are connected by moistureproof partitions. In Fig. 2 I have shown the partitions at 3 formed in pairs and separated from each other by air spaces 4. In Fig. 3 I have shown the partitions made of much greater width as at 5. The partitions are formed of the same material as the envelope, to wit, preferably rubber reinforced with fabric.
Entrapped in each ofthe chambers 2 is a suitable liquid refrigerant. This may be of any desired character, such as water or brine, or any other liquid which may be found suitable for the purpose. The liquid is loaded into the chambers and the orices are then permanently plugged as at t in Fig. 1. These plugs may be vulcanized so as to prevent the escape of the liquid from the chambers. Where the partitions are duplex, as at 3, in Fig. 2, the spaces Il are preferably not filled with liquid but are dead air spaces.
It is evident that in case the liquid in the chambers 2 is frozen solid the cold pack will still be flexible owing to the partitions which act as hinges.
The thicker partitions 5, illustrated in Fig. 3, give the same hinge action without the use of the air spaces 4.
In Fig. 4 I have shown the envelope la provided with a single chamber 2 for substantially the entire area of the envelope. In this case if the liquid be Afrozen solidthe cold pack will not accommodate itself to the contour of the body, but if the liquid be simply chilledv to a low temperature 'or be refrigerated to a semi-solid or slushy condiythere Awill-tbe sufficient exibility to accommaterial, sI-wh sheety rubber or any modate the cold pack to the body.
In the case of Fig. 4 the liquid is loaded into the container and then permanently sealed therein, as by means of the plug l which may be vulcanized any shape.
In the use of my improved cold pack two may be employed, one being applied to the patient while the other is placed in a suitable refrigerating apparatus, for instance a domestic refrigerator or ice box. g y y u It is apparent that my improved cold pack has markedI advantages over the ice bags or water bags now in use. There is no danger of leakage and the inconvenience of cracking ice and refilling the ice bags at intervals is thus avoided.
I have shown my cold pack as a relatively fiat oblong bag, but it will be understood that it may be made in various shapes to suit various purposes. Thus it may be contoured to t around the throat or other portions of the body.
In Fig. 2 I show a flexible cover l in which my cold pack is inclosed before it is refrigerated to prevent the condensation of moisture on the exterior surfaces of the cold pack. Such a cover should be formed of moistureproof material and not likely to freeze to or adhere to the cold pack so that the cover could be removed when the cold pack has been refrigerated and is to be used. The cover may be made of any suitable moistureproof suitable rubberized material.
Iclaimb- 1. A flexible therapeutical device arranged to permanently contain a refrigerant fluid, comprising a rubber container made up of a series of permanently isolated and independent substantially rectangular fluid containing compartments having double side walls separated by substantial air spaces and extending from the lower to the upper wall of the container and integral therewith Athereby providing a at continuous exterior surface, said side walls being sufiiciently thick and resilient to permit the container to conform to irregular surfaces to which it is applied when the refrigerant is frozen.
2. A flexible therapeutical device arranged to permanently contain a refrigerant fluid, comprising a rubber container made up of a series of permanently isolated and independent substantially rectangular fluid containing compartments having double sidewalls separated by substantial air spaces and extending from the lower to the upper wall of the container and integral therewith thereby providing a flat continuous exterior surface, said side walls being provided with an aperture to assist the container to conform to irregularities in the surface of application when the refrigerant is frozen and to allow for lateral expansion of said frozen refrigerant.
CHARLES F. SLATER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2547886 *||Jun 24, 1947||Apr 3, 1951||Poux Noel J||Therapeutical device|
|US2562121 *||Sep 9, 1947||Jul 24, 1951||Noel J Poux||Therapeutical device|
|US2595328 *||Apr 29, 1949||May 6, 1952||Goodrich Co B F||Heat-transfer container|
|US2602302 *||Jun 13, 1947||Jul 8, 1952||Noel J Poux||Combination ice and hot pack|
|US2606005 *||Jul 31, 1947||Aug 5, 1952||Noel J Poux||Hot and cold pack|
|US4181285 *||Jan 24, 1978||Jan 1, 1980||Vangedal Nielsen Erling||Freezing mould bag|
|USRE31890 *||Aug 20, 1981||May 21, 1985||Freezing mould bag|
|WO2015120368A3 *||Feb 9, 2015||Nov 12, 2015||Renato Rozental||Therapeutic cooling device and system|
|U.S. Classification||62/530, 604/289|
|International Classification||A61F7/10, A61F7/00|