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Publication numberUS2012027 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 20, 1935
Filing dateSep 15, 1933
Priority dateSep 15, 1933
Publication numberUS 2012027 A, US 2012027A, US-A-2012027, US2012027 A, US2012027A
InventorsSharpnack Roy S, Taylor James E
Original AssigneeSharpnack Roy S, Taylor James E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stapling apparatus
US 2012027 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' which are secured to the base 6.

Patented Aug. 20, 1935 UNITED STATES 2,012,027 STAPLING APPARATUS James E. Taylor and Roy S. Sharpnack, Washington, Pa.

Application September 15, 1933, Serial No. 689,578

12 Claims.

Our invention relates to staple driving apparatus, and more particularly to those of the type employed for fastening together sheets of paper, card board, or the like. The apparatus may also be employed as a tacking machine for fastening cards and the like to packing cases, as when it is desired to apply shipping tags.

As hereinafter described, our invention is especially useful in fastening together the cover flaps of card board containers.

In the fastening of card board containers which have a plurality of cover flaps, difficulty is experienced in clenching the staples which have been driven through the cover flaps for the purpose of securing them together and sealing the package.

One object of our invention is to provide an improved arrangement of anvil surface upon which the ends of staples which are driven through the cover flaps can be clenched.

Another object of our invention is to provide a machine of the character described which can be employed either as a staple driving and clenching machine, or simply as a suitable driving or tacking machine.

Some of the forms which our invention may take are shown in the accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is a plan view of the apparatus; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view thereof, in side elevation; Fig. 3 is a view taken on the line III-III of Fig. 2, and Fig. 4 shows a modification of a portion of Fig. 3.

The structure comprises a base block or plate 6 that is provided with grooves I, which serve as a slideway into which the legs or prongs of staples 8 may extend, and which therefore constitute a sli-deway for a row of staples or a strip of staples. The staples are constantly yieldably advanced by means of a tensioned spring 9, operating through a follower slide So, although any other suitable form of staple-feeding means can be employed.

The casing includes a pair of side plates Ill having laterally-extending angle portions II A plunger housing I2 extends partially between the side plates l0, and is secured thereto by screws l3 which extend through wing-like projections that are carried by the forward edges of the side plates and by screws l3a.

The plunger housing l2 has a partition block l4 rigidly secured therein, and an anvil-operating plunger I5 is normally yieldably held in its downward position against the partition by means of a compression spring IS, the upper end of the spring bearing against a yoke-like stop member so that as the plunger is raised and lowered, the

links I9 will be reciprocated vertically.

The lower ends of the links l9 are pivotally connected to arms 20, whose forward portions are pivotally connected at 2i to the front end of the base block 6. The outer ends of the arms have anvil blades 22 rigidly secured thereto, such blades ,22 being sharpened to a knife edge on their lower edges, and being also sharply pointed. The upper edges of the anvil blades have narrow arcuate recesses or grooves'formed therein, so that when a staple is driven through card-board layers 23 of a box cover or the like, the ends of the staple will be clenched or turned upwardly, as shown at 8a in Fig. 3, thereby causing the sheets'or flaps 4 to be firmly held together.

The blades 22, of course, move through arcuate paths, and by reason of their sharpened and beveled edges will readily penetrate loosely-supported sheets, with minimum tearing action. In the case of many materials, such as heavy cardboard or corrugated board, theopenings produced by the penetrating arms of the shear blades will practically close themselves when the blades are withdrawn. n

Beneath the partition block I4, is located a driving plunger 24 that is yieldably urged against the bottom wall of the plunger housing by 'a spring 25 whose upper end seats against the par- I tition M. The plunger 24 carries a driving bar or plate 26, which projects downwardly through an opening in the bottom, wall of the plunger housing l2, and whose lower edge engages the foremost staple 8 to drive the same, or to both shear it from a strip and drive it, upon downward movement of the plunger 24.

The plungers l5 and 24 are moved upwardly against the compression of springs l6 and 25, respectively, by an operating lever 28 that is piv-. otally supported on a shaft or pin 29 that extends through the side plates l0. The inner end of the lever 28 pivotally supports pawls 3| and 32, whose outer ends extend through vertical slots in the wall of the plunger housing, and which are yieldably held in engagement with the lower ends of the plungers l5 and 24, respectively, by means of a spring 33.

When the outer end of the lever 28 is depressed, the pawls 3| and 32 will be moved up wardly, carrying with them the plungers l5 and 24. As, the movement, the links l9 and the blades 22 drawn to approximately vertical positions alongside the base block. Also, a cam surface 34 on the upper end of the pawl 3| will engage the upper end wall of the housing slot in which the pawl moves, thus tripping the pawl 3|, so that its shoulder, on which the lower end of the plunger l5 rests, will be thrown out of engagement with the plunger, and the plunger I5 will be snapped downwardly by the spring Hi, to swing the anvil knives 22 to the position shown in Fig. 3. By reason of the extreme sharpness and angle of movement of the blades, little deflecting pressure will be exerted thereby on the card board layers 23.

Immediately following the tripping of the pawl 3|, the cam surface 36 of the pawl 32 will engage the upper wall of the slot in which it slides, and the plunger-lifting shoulder on the pawl 32 will be thrown from beneath the plunger 24, with the result that said plunger will be snapped downwardly by the spring 25, so that the hammer plate 26 will drive a staple through the card board layers 23, and against the anvil members 22, to fasten the staple in place, as shown in Fig. 3. The anvil members 22 not only serve to clench the ends of the staple, but also serve to firmly support the box cover members 23, against deflection by the staple-driving impact.

The apparatus can be moved to various points along the package, and the lever 28 repeatedly operated to drive as many staples as desired. or the boxes can be moved beneath a series of mechanically-actuated stapling machines.

Each time the lever 28 is moved down, the blades 22 are, of course, withdrawn to retracted position, and they can be locked in said position ,by means of a latch 38 which is pivotally supported on a pin 39, which is supported in the side plates [0. The pin 39 carries a thumb lever 40 which may be depressed by the operator to move the latch 38 out of the path of the pawlengaging extension 4| of the lever 28, during upward movement of the lever 28.

In case it is desired to operate the machine simply as a tacking apparatus, the plunger l5 can be locked in its uppermost position by a suitable latch or pin, extending through a hole 43 provided in the plunger housing 12. The anvil knives will then be held in their raised positions, and the lever 28 actuated to raise and release the plunger 24, the pawl 3| in such case having merely idling movements.

Referring now to Fig. 4, I show a structure that employs only a single anvil knife 45, which will, of course, make only one hole in the box lid, for each staple. The anvil 45 has a pair of curved recesses 46 forv deflecting the ends of the staples when they are driven, and the anvil may be operated in substantially the same manner as are the anvils 22, except that only one link need be employed, for operating the anvil.

.We claim as our invention:-

l. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a. pair of anvil blades mounted for movement toward and from one another through angular paths, 2. snap-acting device for moving said blades through the material to be fastened, and means operating in connection with .the first-named device for driving a staple against the anvil blades while they are in proximity to one an other.

lever approaches its extremity of M will have been raised,"

2'. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a pair of anvil blades pivotally mounted for movement toward and from one another, through paths extending from points above to points below the material to be fastened, a spring-pressed plunger controlling the movement of said blades, a spring-pressed staple-driving plunger, and an operating device for tensioning said plungers and releasing them in succession.

3. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a pair of anvil blades pivotally mounted for movement toward and from one another, through paths extending from points above to points below the material to be fastened, a spring-pressed plunger controlling the movement of said blades, a spring-pressed staple-driving plunger, an operating device which functions to place said plungers under tension simultaneously, and means for releasing the first-named plunger slightly in advance of release of the other plunger.

4. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a supporting member, a pair of curved anvil blades pivotally mounted on said member in position to be moved in angular paths through sheets disposed below said member, a snap-acting device for moving the blades through the sheets, and a staple-driving device positioned above the blades and operating to drive staples through the sheets and against" the said blades.

5. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a supporting member, a pair of curved anvil blades pivotally mounted on said member in position to be moved in angular paths through sheets disposed below said member, a snap-acting device for moving the blades through the sheets, a staple-driving device positioned above the blades and operating to drive staples through the sheets and against the said blades, and a single operating member for both of said devices.

6. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a supporting member, a pair of curved anvil blades pivotally mounted on said member in position to be moved in angular paths through sheets disposed below said member, a snap-acting device for moving the blades through the sheets, a

staple-driving device positioned above the blades and operating to drive staples through the sheets and against the said blades, a single operating member for both of said devices, and means for efiecting movement of the blades into operative position slightly in advance of movement of the staple-driving device.

7.- Staple-driving apparatus'comprising a supporting member, a pair of curved anvil blades pivotally mounted on said member in position to be moved in angular paths through sheets disposed below said member, a snap-acting device for moving the blades through the sheets, a staple-driving device positioned above the blades and operating to drive staples through the sheets and against the said blades, a single operating member for both of said devices, and means whereby the first-named device may be rendered inactive during operation of the staple-driving device.

8. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a slideway, means for advancing staples along said slideway, a staple-driving plunger positioned of the 'slideway, a staple-driving plunger positioned insaid housing,v a, second plunger positioned in said housing, a pair of anvil blades mounted for movement'through angular paths below the said slideway, operating connections between the second-named plunger and said anvil bars, means for simultaneously placing said plungers under tension, and means for releasing the second-named plunger inadvance of release of the staple-driving plunger.

10. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a. supporting member having a slideway for staples, means for advancing staples'along said slideway, a plunger housing disposed above the forward end of the 'slideway, a staple-driving plunger positioned in said housing, a second plunger positioned in said housing, a pair of anvil blades mounted for movement through angular paths below the said slideway, operating connections between the second-named plunger and said an.-

vil bars, means for simultaneously placing said plungers under.- tension, means for releasing the second-named plunger in advance of release of the staple-driving plunger, and means whereby the second-named plunger may be locked against movement while it holds the blades in retracted 5 position, without interfering with operation of the other plunger.

11. Staple-driving apparatus comprising a pair of anvil blades, means for moving said blades in angular paths through the material to be fas- 10 tened, means for holding the blades in said position,'and means operatively connected with the fir -na-med means, for driving a staple through the material and against the blades while they are so held. 15

12. Staple-driving apparatus comprising an anvil blade, a spring for movingsaid blade in an angular path through the material to be fastened, means for retracting the blade against the tension of the spring, means operatively connected 20 with the first-named means for driving a staple through the material, and means whereby the blade may be held in retracted position during operation of the staple-driving means.

JAMES E. TAYLOR. ROY S. SHARPNACK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2469054 *Nov 19, 1945May 3, 1949Internat Staple And Machine CoStapling machine
US2469055 *Dec 8, 1945May 3, 1949Internat Staple And Machine CoStapling machine
US2470727 *Nov 30, 1945May 17, 1949Internat Staple And Machine CoAnvil clinching stapling machine
US2488940 *Mar 26, 1946Nov 22, 1949Internat Staple And Machine CoStapling machine having retractable clinching anvils
US2536573 *Aug 5, 1949Jan 2, 1951Werner SchafrothClip driving machine
US2707783 *Sep 20, 1950May 10, 1955Sullivan Norman MApplicator for inserting preformed metallic sutures
US2897502 *Jan 17, 1958Aug 4, 1959Werner SchafrothStapling machine
US3313463 *Jul 15, 1965Apr 11, 1967Gerard BoucherCarpet jointing machine
US3815235 *Jul 10, 1972Jun 11, 1974J MarlarArrangement for producing openings in sheet metal beams for attaching fixtures or the like
US7681771Jun 16, 2006Mar 23, 2010Acco Brands Usa LlcStapler
US8118205 *May 16, 2007Feb 21, 2012Lmn Solutions, Inc.Fastening device
Classifications
U.S. Classification227/108, 227/132
International ClassificationB25C5/02, B25C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25C5/0264
European ClassificationB25C5/02F4B