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Publication numberUS2014244 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 10, 1935
Filing dateApr 16, 1935
Priority dateApr 16, 1935
Publication numberUS 2014244 A, US 2014244A, US-A-2014244, US2014244 A, US2014244A
InventorsBramlett Frank
Original AssigneeBramlett Frank
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Patient handler
US 2014244 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. l0, 1935. F. BRAMLETT 2,014,244

PATIENT HANDLER Filed April 16, 1935 lNvx-:NToR F RANK BRAMLETT ATTORNEY v Patented Sept. 10, 1935 UNITED STATES Ars GFFICE Application April 16,

6 Claims.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in a patient handler.

The invention has for an object the construction of a device as mentioned which is characterized by an arrangement by which a patient may be comfortably and conveniently conveyed to the operating room and brought back after the operation.

Heretofore, various stretchers and patient handlers have been produced which were satisfactory in conveying a patient to the operating room, but thereafter necessitated manual handling of the patient to properly place him upon the device to b-ring him back to his room. This is extremely objectionable in many types of operations.

The instant invention contemplates the provision of a holder which is characterized by a pair of leaves hingedly mounted at the sides and mounted within a. frame adapted to be placed over a. bed, and furthermore contemplates the use of a stretcher used in conjunction with the leaves having several removable sections arranged so that certain of the sections may be allowed to remain under the patient during the operation so that thereafter they may be conveniently connected with other of the sections, and an arrangement for withdrawing all of the sec- 4 tions from under a patient when the patient has been placed back into bed.

Another object of the invention is the construction of a. device as described which is simple and durable and which can be manufactured and sold at a reasonable cost.

Fo-r further 'comprehension of the invention, 35 and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawing, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.

In the accompanying drawing forming a material part of this disclosure:-

Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a device constructed according to this invention.

Fig. 2 is an end elevational View looking in the direction of the line 2-2 of Fig. l.

Fig; 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a p-lan view of Fig. 1 in which the stretcher has been indicated by dot and dash .lines in its proper position.

Fig. 5 is a plan View of the stretcher per se.

The device, according to this invention, comprises a base frame IB provided with casters Il by which it may be wheeled along the floor and consisting of several vertical legs Illa supporting 1935, Serial No. 16,554

an open frame member I0", l0c and ld. More particularly, the elements mb, I0, and ld constitute one end and the two sides of the open frame member, and the legs la are arranged at the corners thereof. The opposite end to ,5 frame iib is left unbraced so that the device may be wheeled to surround an operating table. A supenframe l2 is mounted upon the base frame iii and consists of a plurality of legs |2a telescopically associated with the legs Illa vand a top 1,0 open frame member consisting of the side elements l2b, 20, E'ld, and |29.

A means is provided for holding the frame at various elevations upon the base frame. This means consists of ratchet teeth formed upon 15 the legs l2EL and cooperating with pinions I4 associated with mechanism by which the pinions may be turned for moving the legs |2a. More particularly, the pinions it are housed within protuberanoes l5 formed on the legs Illa and are 2O connected by several shafts. There is a drive shaft i6 connecting the pinions It along one side of the device, which shaft is provided with an operating handle l at its front end.

There is a transverse shaft l equipped with 25 bevel gears |53 meshing with bevel gears 20 mounted upon the shaft it, and another shaft 2|. This latter mentioned shaft is extended between and connects the pinions id alcng the other side of the device. The arrangement is such that the 30 handle Il may be turned in one direction or the other to raise or lower the superstructure relative to the base structure. The arrangement is such that when the handle is turned in yone direction all of the pinions lil are turned to simul- 35 taneously move the racks l?a in the same direction.

A pair of leaves 23 are hingedly mounted upon the outer edges of the top open frame member and are for the purpose of closing this open 4.0 frame member. These leaves have their outer edges fixed upon tubes 20' which are fixed on the elements l2c and |2e.

A means is provided for raising and lowerin the leaves, and consists of a hand operated 45 mechanism as follows: The elements I2C and l2e are rotative through the elements I2b and |211. The elements |20 and l2@ project from one end of the frame and are there equipped with worm wheels 25. These worm wheels mesh with worm pinions 26 on a transverse shaft 2l rotatively mounted in bearings 23 supported on the element |2b. One end of the shaft 2l is equipped with a handle 29 by which the leaves may be operated.

The leaves 23 will maintain adjusted positions 55 in that forces cannot possibly turn the leaves against the interlocking of the worm wheels 25 with the worm pinions. It is only possible for the worm pinions to turn the worm Wheels. The super-frame is held in various adjusted positions upon the base frame by a catch 3! engaging through one of the protuberances I4 and engaging one of the pinions I4 to hold this pinion stationary. Consequently, all of the pinions are held against rotation.

In conjunction with the super-frame there is a stretcher 36. This stretcher is held in position by suitable clamps 36 and consists of a pair of side parallel handles 36a and 36b connected by cloth material 31. This cloth material is of several longitudinal sections. Namely, there is a central longitudinal section consisting of the parts 3'!a and 31h. This central section is connectible with end sections 3lc and 31d. The end sections are connected with the handles 36 and 36h. Hook fasteners 38 are adapted to connect the sections 3lb and 31C together. Hook fasteners 39 connect the sections 3la and 31d together. The central section is composed of two parts, 3'!a and 31h, connected together by hook fasteners 40. I'he control for the hook fasteners 38 and 39 are indicated by reference numerals 4I and are arranged at the top of the stretcher. The control for the hook fasteners 4U is indicated by reference numeral 42 and is arranged at the bottom of the stretcher.

The operation of the device may be understood from the following descriptionz--When a person is wheeled to the operating room he is placed upon the stretcher 31 which is rested across the super-frame by reason of the handles 362L and 36b engaging across the ends of the super-frame, as clearly shown in Fig. l. In the operating room the leaves 23 are moved to the horizontal position by operating the handle 29. Then the hook fastener controls 4I are moved to disconnect the central section 31a, 3'1b from the end sections 37C, 37d. The operation is performed without disturbing the central section of the stretcher 3la and S'Ib. When the operation is completed, without transferring the patient, the sides of the stretcher are reconnected and the stretcher may be used to transfer the patient. The patient is then wheeled to the bed and the device slipped rthe stretcher into two parts.

over the bed. The super-section is then lowered to the proper height so that the leaves 23 may be gently opened to allow the patient to be discharged on to the bed.

The leaves 23, in their horizontal position, do not touch but provide a small space, as shown in Fig. 4, through which the control 42 of the stretcher may be operated. When the patient is over the bed, the control 42 is operated to divide Each side half may then be conveniently removed. The leaves 25 are lowered so that the person is discharged on to the bed. The super-structure is then raised and shifted off from its position over the bed.

It is to be understood that the leaves 23 may or may not be used in putting the patient to bed. The leaves are more or less to be used as a convertible table for the purpose of having the patient in position for dressing or undressing him, and getting him ready for operation and getting the same results as if the patient Was on a table without changing him. The hook fastener control 42 can be operated properly without the protection of the leaves as well.

It is also to be understood that the Width of central stretcher sections 31EL and 3'!b of the carrier may be standardized so as to be interchangeable with the central stretcher sections of an ambulance stretcher and thus these stretcher sections may be left under the patients until after 5 the operation.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise construction herein disclosed and the right 10 is reserved to all changes and modications coming Within the scope of the invention as dened in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new. and desire to secure by United 15 States Letters Patent is:-

1. A patient handler, comprising a base frame with casters to be wheeled along the floor and consisting of several legs supporting an open frame member adapted to be located over a bed, 20 a super-frame mounted on said base frame, and consisting of legs telescopically associated with said legs and a top open frame member, means for holding said super-frame at various elevations on said base frame, a pair of leaves for clos- 25 ing said top open frame member and hingedly mounted at their outer edges, means for lowering said leaves by hinging said leaves downwards,

a stretcher mounted across said open frame member and comprising side handles resting and se- 30 cured on the ends of said open frame member, and cloth material between said side handles, said cloth material resting on the hinged leaves in the raised positions of the said leaves, and said cloth material comprising a central longitudi- 35 nal section connected with end longitudinal sections which in turn are connected with said handle, and said central longitudinal section being formed from separable sections.

2. A patient handler, comprising a base frame 4o with casters to be wheeled along the oor and consisting of several legs supporting an open frame member adapted to be located over a bed, a super-frame mounted on said base frame and consisting of legs telescopically associated 45 with said legs and a top open frame member, means for holding said super-frame at various elevations on said base frame, a pair of leaves for closing said top open frame member and hingedly mounted at their outer edges, means for 5o lowering said leaves by hinging said leaves downwards, a stretcher mounted across said open frame member and comprising side handles resting and secured on the ends of said open frame member, and cloth material between said side handles, said cloth material resting on the hinged leaves in the raised positions of the said leaves, and said cloth material comprising a central 1ongitudinal section connected with end longitudinal sections which in turn are connected with said handle, and said central longitudinal section being formed from separable sections, said pair of leaves normally being Within the same plane as the top open frame with the adjacent edges slightly spaced to provide for the opening of the central seam of the stretcher.

3. A patient handler, comprising a base frame with casters to be wheeled along the floor and consisting of several legs supporting an open frame member adapted to be located over a bed, a super-frame mounted on said base frame and consisting of legs telescopically associated with said legs and a top open frame member, means for holding said super-frame at various elevations on said base frame, a pair of leaves for closing said top open frame member and hingedly mounted at their outer edges, means for lowering said leaves by hinging said le-aves downwards, a stretcher mounted across said open frame member and comprising side handles resting and secured on the ends of said open frame member, and cloth material between said side handles, said cloth material resting on the hinged leaves in the raised positions of the said leaves, and said cloth material comprising a central longitudinal section connected with end longitudinal sections which in turn are connected with said handle, and said central longitudinal section being formed from separable sections, said pair of leaves normally being within the same plane as the top open frame with the adjacent edges slightly spaced to provide for the opening of the central seam of the stretcher, said central seam being controlled with a hook fastener having a slide control.

4. A patient handler, comprising a base frame with casters to be wheeled along the floor and consisting of several legs supporting an open frame member adapted to be located over a bed, a super-frame mounted on said base frame and consisting of legs telescopically associated with said legs and a top open frame member, means for holding said super-frame at various elevations on said base frame, a pair of leaves for closing said top open frame member and hingedly mounted at their outer edges, means for lowering said leaves by hinging said leaves downwards, a stretcher mounted across said open frame member and comprising side handles resting and secured on the ends of said open frame member, and cloth material between said side handles, said cloth material resting on the hinged leaves in the raised positions of the said leaves, and said cloth material comprising a central longitudinal section connected with end longitudinal sections which in turn are connected with said handle, and said central longitudinal section being formed from separable sections, said pair of leaves normally being within the same plane as the top open frame with the adjacent edges slightly spaced to provide for the opening of the central seam of the stretcher, said central seam being controlled with a hook fastener having a slide control, said slide control being operable from the bottom.

5. A patient handler, comprising a base frame with casters to be wheeled along the floor and consisting of several legs supporting an open frame member adapted to be located over a bed, a super-frame mounted on said base frame and consisting of legs telescopically associated with said legs and a top open frame member. means for holding said super-frame at various elevations on said base frame, a pair of leaves for closing said top open frame member and hingedly mounted at their outer edges, means for lowering said leaves by hinging said leaves downwards, 5

a stretcher mounted across said open frame member and comprising side handles resting and.; secured on the ends of said open frame member, and cloth material between said side handles, said cloth material resting on the hinged leaves in the raised positions of the said leaves, and said v cloth material comprising a central longitudinal section connected with end longitudinal sections which in turn are connected with said handle, and said central longitudinal section being formed from separable sections, said pair of leaves normally being within the same plane as the top open frame with the adjacent edges slightly spaced to provide for the opening of the central seam of the stretcher, said central seam being controlled with a hook fastener having a slide control, said slide control being operable from the bottom, and other sli-de controls operable from the top for connecting the central section with the end sections for the purpose described. 6. A patient handler, comprising a base frame with casters to be wheeled along the floor and consisting of several legs supporting an open frame member adapted to be located over a bed, a super-frame mounted on said base frame and consisting of legs telescopically associated with said legs and a top open frame member, means for holding said super-frame at various elevations on said base frame, a pair of leaves for closing said top open frame member and hingedly mounted at their outer edges, means for lowering said leaves by hinging said leaves downwards, a stretcher mounted across said open frame member and comprising side handles resting and secured on the ends of said open frame member, and cloth material between said side handles, said cloth material resting on the hinged leaves in the raised positions of the said leaves, and said cloth material comprising a central longitudinal section connected with end longitudinal sections which in turn are connected with said handle, and said central longitudinal section being formed from separable sections, said means for lowering the leaves comprising rotative members to which the outer edges of the leaves are attached, worm wheels on said rotative members, worm pinions meshing with said worm Wheels, and on a common shaft, and a handle for turning said shaft.

FRANK BRAMLET'I. 55

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2450971 *Oct 31, 1945Oct 12, 1948Gerald C LetchPatient transfer carriage
US2678452 *Dec 12, 1950May 18, 1954Marvel D BeemHospital bed
US2681839 *May 4, 1953Jun 22, 1954Limbach David RPatient supporting and transporting device in combination with an chi-ray table or the like
US3034843 *May 10, 1960May 15, 1962Lakeside Mfg IncMorgue cart and body refrigerating devices
US3188659 *Jul 11, 1962Jun 15, 1965Kirurgiska Instr Fabriks AktieMedical treating table equipment
US4003479 *Jun 4, 1975Jan 18, 1977Reyer William JHoist and transporting apparatus
US4912787 *Dec 15, 1987Apr 3, 1990Beta Medical ProductsHydraulic stretcher device
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/85.1, 27/28, 5/11, 296/20
International ClassificationA61G1/00, A61G1/02, A61G7/10
Cooperative ClassificationA61G7/1046, A61G1/0231, A61G1/00, A61G1/0293, A61G1/0212, A61G7/1057, A61G7/1019
European ClassificationA61G1/00, A61G7/10T8, A61G7/10N6