US 2014614 A
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7 Sept. 17, 1935. c. CZYGAN 2,014,614
COLLAPSIBLE BEACH AND LAWN CHAIR Filed June 12, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet l In 1/672 2 01* 6227 'z yafl x Sept 17, 1935. c. CZYGAN 2,014,614
COLLAPSIBLE BEACH AND LAWN CHAIR Filed June 12, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 In van for Um"! cz qarz WW 0 Patented Sept. 17, 1935 PATENT orrics COLLAPSIBLE BEACH AND LAWN CHAIR Carl Czygan, Chicago, Ill.
Application June 12, 1934; Serial No. 730,318
. My invention relates tofurniture and more particularly to folding chair for use on beaches or lawns and includes a pair of collapsible side frames pivotally mounted on two base members which are pivotally linked in such manner as to 'be folded together, a strip of flexible material such as canvas connected to and between the said side framesto form the back rest of the chair andan extending portion of said canvas strip to be spread .on the beach or lawn to. formtheseat, a folding shade member. is also included which is fitted into the spacing member holding the said side frames spaced apart. 7.
The main object of my invention is to provide a collapsible chair for'use on the beach or lawn wherein a pair of collapsible side frames are pivotally mounted on a folding base and a strip of flexible material is. connected to and between the 'said side frames to form a backrest, with an extending free portion, of the strip to be utilized asaseat.
.A second objectof my invention is to provide a collapsible side frame wherein the angle of the back rest can be varied. V V
A third object of my invention is to rovide a spacing member to hold the side frames in fixed spaced relation, and to retain the detachable folding shade member.
Furtherflobjects of my invention are to provide a collapsible beach or lawn chair'which is easy to assemble and manipulate, ornamental in appearance, very efficient anddurable, and can be compactly folded when not in use. Many other objects of my novel invention will be shown and made apparent further in this specification. An illustrative embodiment of this invention is shown in the accompanying drawings wherein: Fig. l is a side elevational view of the assembled chair.
Fig. 2 is a rear elevational View of Fig. 1. Fig. 3.is.a planview of the chair taken on. line '3.3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a'view taken on line 44 of Fig. 3 with portions broken away. e 7
Fig. 5 is a view of the shade member taken on line 55 of Fig. '1 with the canvas covering flattened out.
Fig. 6 is a view of the upper spacing member taken similarly to Fig. 5.
Fig.7 is a section taken on line 1-! of Fig. 6 of the spacing member.
Fig. 8 is a cross section of the rear U-shaped spring clip, showing the brace in dash lines.
Fig. 9 is a plan view of only the base in folded position.
. the lips of the clamp 8 is pivotally pinned a rear safety measure to'prevent the brace 9 from slip- :base plates l5 are foldably connected together Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the toggle connecting arms for the folding base.
- Fig. 11 is a detailed View showing the locking means for one of the braces.
In the form shown in the accompanying drawings, my .novel device comprises a pair of side frames generally designated by numeral l, a folding base unit 2, and a shade memb-er generally referred to by numeral 3.
The'sideframes I consistof telescoping arms 10 4 and 5 which are constructed of split or solid metal tubings, the arm l has a longitudinal slot '8, Fig. 4, in which rides a pin or stop l afiiXed to the "inner telescoping armi'. .Around the upper end of the arm 4 is fitted a clamp 8 and between 15 supporting brace 9; the brace 9 can be made of tubular material or the like flattened at the upper endand a wing nut If] is provided to press the lips of the c1amp-8 together to hold the rear supporting bracein a fixed position. Near the upper end of the arm 5 is a circular flange I l which acts as a stop or rest for the spacing member I2 that fits onto the ends of the arms 5 of the frames I. fThe' lower-end i3.of the telescoping arm 4 which end of each base-plate I5, and the sides of each clip I6 have aninwardly depressed portion ll which fits into a'corresponding depression H in thesides of the lower end of the supporting brace 35 '9, theside's of the said spring clip it are normally sprung inward and therefore snugly holds the supporting brace-9 when it is forced'therebetween, an additional sto-p'mernber i8 is provided as a 40 ping. A second U-shaped spring clip is is riveted to the base plate l5 intermediate the ends of the said base plate Figs. 1 and 9. The two bytwo toggle connections 25, Figs. 3, 9 and 10, 45 comprising a pair of metal arm members 20 and 2!, pivotally pinned together with their outer ends pivotally pinned to the base plates [5; the toggle arm 20 has a portion bent over to form a tongue 22, which passes through a slot 23 in the flanged edge 24 of toggle arm 2! thereby holding the toggle arms locked and the base plates held in their open position.
The upper ends of the side frames l are held 55 in spaced relation to each other by a spacing member I2, Figs. 2, 6 and 7. The spacing member 12 is constructed of a metal sheet pressed into a U-shaped body 21 with cylindrical receptacles 28 fitted into the ends thereof and riveted and soldered to said body. These receptacles are fitted over the upper ends of the telescoping arms 5 of the side frames I. An aperture 29 is provided in the side of the body 21 and a spring clip depending from the receptacle 2S acts against the sides of the supporting arms of a folding shade 3 which are inserted through the said apertures 29.
The detachable and folding shade 3, Figs. 1 and 5, consists of a metal frame made up of a pair of supporting arms 3| pivotally pinned to the fore arms 32 which are in turn pivotally linked together by an intermediate linking bar 33. Tunnels 34 are provided in the canvas covering 35 to retain the said covering on the said shade frame.
A sheet 36 of flexible material such as canvas is stretched between the side frames and connected to the arms 4 and the spacing member |2 to form the back 38. Tunneled flaps 31 hold the sheet 36 onto the arms 4, and the upper end of the said sheet 35 is turned back and sewed to form a looped end 4| through which the spacing member I2 is passed to support the back rest 38. The lower extending portion of the canvas sheet 36 provides the seat 42 for this beach and lawn chair.
In order to prevent the chair base plates l5 from slipping on the lawn, a novel pivotable ground peg 39 is provided on the side M of the U-shaped members I4, Fig. 4, consisting of a pivoting hanger 40 pinned to the side M of the U-shaped member I4, and a pointed metal peg 39 having a flat recessed segment 39 which is slidable in the pivoting hanger 40.
In setting up this collapsible beach chair the folding base 2 is first opened as shown in Fig. 3 until the toggle arm 20 is locked against the arm 2|; then the telescoping arms 4 are pivoted upward and the rear supporting brace 9 is swung back and fitted into the U-shaped spring I6; the spacing member I2 is passed through the looped end 4| of the back 38 and fitted onto the ends of the telescoping arms 5; and the telescoping arms 5 are then drawn out of arms 4 until the pin 1 reaches the upper end of slot 6 in the arm 4, by tightening the wing nut H] the lips of the clamp 8 are drawn together to hold the telescoping arms 5 outward and the rear supporting brace in a fixed position; the shade is then opened and each end of the supporting arms 3| are inserted into the apertures 29 in the side of the spacing member I2, and the spring 3|! pressing against the said supporting arm 3| retains the same securely within the said spacing member |2, finally by spreading the extending portion or seat 42 on the beach the chair is ready for occupancy and shown by Fig. 1.
When the chair is to be used on a lawn the rear supporting brace 9 is moved forward to the intermediate spring clip l9. This raises the back 38 to a more vertical angle. The ground peg 39 is also used to prevent the chair from slipping and is easily operated by simply pivoting the hanger 40 on the side M of the U-shaped member I4 until the peg 39 is vertical, then by stepping on the head of the peg 39 the said peg is pushed through an aperture in the base plate l5 and forced into the ground thereby pegging the chair to that spot.
In folding the chair to be put away, the shade 3 is removed and is folded together, and the spacing member l2 removed from the ends of the telescoping arms 5; the folded shade 3 is then placed inside the body 21 of the spacing member l2; next the wing nuts ID are loosened and the telescoping arms 5 are pushed into the arms 4; the rear supporting braces 9 are then released and pivoted inward against the arms 4; then both the arms 4 and braces 9 are pivoted downward with said braces 9 fitted into the U-shaped spring clips i6 and IS; the base plates l5 are next folded together as shown in Figs. 3 and 9; and finally placing the spacing member 25 with the folded shade 3 therein, between the folded side frames the extending portion or seat 42 is folded and wrapped around the folded assemblage and the collapsed chair can then be placed in a box or other suitable container.
Although but one specific embodiment of my invention has been herein shown and described,
it will be understood that numerous details may movement and a strip of flexible material connected to said side frames to form a back and seat for said device.
2. A device of the class described comprising a folding base, a pair of adjustable side frames of cylindrical contour pivotally mounted on said base, brace members removably engaged with the base and pivotally connected with said frames, a spacing member on said frames, said spacing member comprising a metal sheet formed into a U-shaped body, cylindrical receptacles in the I ends of said body supported on the upper ends of the side frames, said body having an aperture at each end, a spring clip depending from each receptacle and extending over said aperture adapted to hold the arm of a shade in said aperture, a strip of flexible material connected to and between said side frames to form a back, and an extending portion of said strip forming a seat, said spacing member when removed adapted to hold a folded shade.