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Publication numberUS2015309 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 24, 1935
Filing dateJan 17, 1935
Priority dateFeb 16, 1934
Publication numberUS 2015309 A, US 2015309A, US-A-2015309, US2015309 A, US2015309A
InventorsTomehiko Igarashi
Original AssigneeTomehiko Igarashi
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a diesel engine
US 2015309 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 24, 1935. T. IG'ARASHI 2,015,309

AUTOMATIC STARTING AND STQPPING APPARATUS FOR A DIESEL ENGINE Filed Jan. 17, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet l Sept. 24, 1935. I jGARASHl 2,015,309

AUTOMATIC STARTING AND STOPPING APPARATUS FOR A DIESEL ENGINE Filed Jan. 1'7, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 017 Q 1 A a;

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Sept. 24, 1935. A A 2,015,309

AUTOMATIC STARTING AND STOPPING APPARATUS FOR. A DIESEL ENGINE Filed Jan. 17, 1935 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented Sept. 24,1935- UNITED STATES AUTOMATIC STARTING AND STOPPING APPARATUS FOR A DIESEL ENGINE To'mehiko Igarashi, Osaka, Japan Application January 17, 1935, Serial No. 2,313 In Japan February 16, 1934 7 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in an automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a Diesel engine, especially adaptable for a Diesel engine coupled with a stand-by dynamowhich is to 5 start quickly and automatically for generation of electric current when a supply of the current in use is accidentally interrupted.

An object of this invention is to provide an apparatus comprising a motor, a circuit-opening del vice and a magnetic coupling for engaging and disengaging the motor with both the circuitopening device and the valve-controlling shaft of a Diesel engine, so that the revolution of the motor controls both thecircuits and the shaft, and

15' the control of the circuits manages the revolution of the motor, in turn.

Further object of this invention is to provide a circuit-opening device which, in co-operation with relays and a reversing switch, drives the mo- 20 tor in one direction or another, so that the shaft for operation of the starting device of a Diesel engine is actuated and the engine is automatically started or stopped.

Further object of this invention is to provide a 25 device which, when an external condition changes, opens a compressed air valve for starting a Diesel engine, and when the engine reaches to a predetermined speed, fuel oil is supplied automatically into the engines cylinder by means of 30 a timing device.

Further objects of this invention are described in the following specification referring to the drawings attached.

Fig. 1 shows a general arrangement of several devices and their electric connections constituting this invention.

Fig. 2 is a part sectional elevation of a motor and a magnetic coupling, illustrating the connec- 40 tion between the motor shaft and the circuitopening device.

Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation of the circuitopening device and Fig. 4 is a part sectional perspective view of the starting air valve box, the fuel 45 oil pump and driving mechanisms therefor, of the engine.

Fig. 5 is a sectional elevation of a timing device, and Fig. 6 is an external appearance of an engine equipped with a dynamo and the apparatus of this 50 invention, the latter being placed on the dynamo.

In Fig. 1, La, Lb, Lo, and Ld are relays which control the supply of current, 'co-operating with a circuit openingdeviceS, to a motor M, its field coil F and a magnetic coupling C. Ga and GD are tim- 5 ing devices which change the electric connections in the device when the revolution of the engine gets to pro-determined speeds.

According to this invention, when the outer condition changes so that the stand-by or spare dynamo is required to start, for example, when 6 the supply of electric current in use is accidentally interrupted and a spare dynamo is to be driven, or the water level in a dam rises too high by an accident and a sluice for water release which is operated by a Diesel engine is to be opened as 10 quickly as possible, the relay La changes the connection of electric circuits so that a small motor M starts, and at the same time the magnetic coupling C connects the motor with the spindle of the circuit-opening device S, thus an arm mounted on the spindle of the circuit-opening device is rotated at a reduced speed through a worm gearing.

As the spindle of the circuit openingdevice is mechanically connected with a valve controlling shaft of the engine, when an arm on the spindle reaches to a position, the compressed air valve is opened and the Diesel engine begins to start by means of compressed air, meanwhile the circuit for the motor M is opened and the latter stops its rotation. As soon as the engine gets to a predetermined speed, the timing device Ga changes the connection of a circuit so that the motor again starts, and the arm of the circuit-opening device and the valve-controlling shaft are rotated, to

such a position that fuel oil is supplied into the cylinder by the fuel pump, when the engine quickly accelerates its speed meanwhile the circuit for the motor is again opened. When the engine reaches its speed to the normal one, another timing device Gb connects the circuit of the motor, and the latter thirdly starts its revolution until the arm of the circuit-opening device and the valve controlling shaft are brought to the running position of the engine where the circuit for the 0 motor is left open and the starting operation is now finished.

When the normal condition is recovered, for" example, the current in use is again supplied from the external line, the relay La changes the connection of the electric circuit and the motor M revolves in the reverse direction until the arm 'of the circuit-opening device resumes its original position.

The above mentioned operations are accomplished by this invention within a few seconds. The detail of the operations shall be described later on.

In Fig. 1', a bell-crank i has two connecting pieces 2 and 3 on one arm and an on piece 4 on another arm which faces to a magnetic coil 5 of the relay La. Through the coil 5 passes electric current supplied from the outer line so as to always attract the iron piece 4 while the normal condition continues.

The bell-crank l is controlled by a relay in this example, but its operation can be accomplished by other electrical or mechanical means, it required. For example, it the engine is utilized to control the water-level oi a dam, the bellcrank can be operated by a float provided in the dam.

In case the electric current in the outer line is suddenly interrupted by an accident, the magnetic coil 5 is demagnetized, and the bell-crank I is swung by the action of a spring 6 so that the connecting piece 2 opens the contact points 10 and 1b while the connecting piece 3 closes the contact points 8a and 8b as shown in Fig. 1.

The circuit opening device S consists of a stational disc and a rocking arm l6 mounted on a spindle l1 which is provided at the centre 01 the disc. This disc is made of an insulating material, and contact pieces 3 to II and I3 to I! made of conductive materials and a piece l2 are distributed on the disc. The pieces 8 to I! are disposed on a same circle and the pieces I! and I4 are placed on two concentric circles.

The rocking arm I6 is made of an insulating material, and has two contact pieces Ilia and I6b which are electrically connected with each other. The piece I611 is in contact with the pieces 8 to l2 in succession when the arm slides along the disc, but is not in contact with the pieces I3 and I4. The arm has another contact piece I60. This piece is firmly fixed to, but insulated from, the arm and can bridge over the pieces i3 and I4. The piece lib is in contact with the piece I! while the piece 16a is in contact with any of the pieces 8, l0 and II, but the piece i6b leaves the piece l6 when the piece l6a leaves the piece II. The pieces l3 and I4 are electrically connected through the piece l6c when the piece I60 is in contact with the pieces III, II or 12, but are not connected when the arm 16 is at the extreme position (as shown in Fig. 1) of the piece 8.

The arm i 8 is electrically connected with a bus-bar N of a D. C. source through the magnetic I relay Lb. This switch consists oi eight stational contact points I! to 26 and four movable pieces 21 to 80. These movable pieces and an iron piece 3| facing to the magnetic coil I8 of the relay Lb are mounted on an insulating frame, which always takes the position by a spring 32 as shown in Fig. 1 when the coil I 8 is not magnetized. At this position the pieces 21, 29 and 30 are in contact with the points 20, 24 and 26 respectively, and the piece 28 does not close the points 2| and 22. i

The point 2| is electrically connected at a poini 46 with the circuit containing the point 8b and the piece I5; the point 22 is connected with a bus-bar P through an emergency switch E; the points 23 and 26 are electrically connected and the points 24 and 28 are also connected. The pieces 21 and 29 are connected at a point 33, and the piece is connected at a point 84, with the circuit for the magnetic coupling C and the field F. This circuit begins from the bus-bar N, and contains the field F of the motor M and the magnetic coupling C in parallel or series and ends at another bus-bar P through the relays L0 or Ld so that the circuit is closed when either of the relays is actuated, but the direction of electric current in the circuit for the motor M is reversed as described later on.

The relay L0 is provided with a contact point 36 and a rocker 36, and the relay Ld also is provided with a contact point 31 and a rocker 38. The rockers 36 and 38 are connected with the bus bar P in parallel. The timing apparatuses Ga and Gb are driven by the main engine. When the revolution 0! the engine reaches to such a speed that fuel oil is just to be charged into the cylinder, the movable piece 39 of the device Ga connects the contact points 40 and 4i.

When the engine gets to the normal speed or near thereof, the device Gb is actuated and the movable piece 42 connects the contact points 42 and 44. The points 4| and 43 are connected at a point 45 with the circuit which contains the piece 8 and the coil 41.

In the normal condition the arm l6 of the circuit-opening device is at the extreme point of the piece 8. When an accidental condition occurs, the bell-crank l takes the position as shown in Fig. 1 and the piece 3 electrically connects the points 8a and 8b, so that the circuit which contains the bus-bar P, emergency switch E, points 8a, 8b, connecting piece I5 of the circuit opening device, rocking arm i6, coil 18 of the relay Lb and bus-bar N is closed, and the coil I8 is magnetized. Then the relay Lb is actuated and pulls the iron piece 3| together with the frame of the movable pieces. Thus the point i9 and the piece 21, the points 2i, 22 and the piece 28, the point 23 and the piece 29, and the point 25 and the piece 30 are respectively connected. Now a circuit containing bus-bar P. emergency switch E, points 8a,'8b, l5, l6, 9, 45, coil 41, contact point IQ of the reversing switch, 21, 33 and busbar N is closed and the relay he is actuated.

The rocker 36 of the relay L0 is now attracted r by the magnetized coil 41 so as to contact with the point 35, and a circuit containing bus-bar P, 36, 35, magnetic coupling C (and field F in parallel) and bus-bar N is closed.

At the same time other two circuits are closed,

one being bus-bar P, 36, 35, 34, connecting piece 30 of the reversing switch, 25, 24, motor M, contact points 26 and 23, piece 29, 33 and bus-bar N, and another being bus-bar P, emergency switch E, contacting points 22, 28, 2|, 46, connecting piece I! of the circuit-opening device, arm l6, coil iii of the relay Lb and bus-bar N. The first two circuits are for the motor M, field F and the coupling C, while the third one is to of the engine.

circuit containing the rocker 36 and contact point 35 of the relay Lc is opened so thatthe coupling is disconnected and the motor stops.

When the spindle IT has been rotated until the piece Ilia) touches the piece I0, a valve controlling shaft of the engine connected with the spindle ll opens the valve of compressed air for starting the engine, and the latter starts by means of compressed air as an ordinary Diesel engine does.

As soon as the engine gets to a predetermined speed, adequate to begin the supply of fuel oil into the engines cylinder, the timing device-Ga is effected and the contact points 48 and H are connected, whereby the open circuit containing the coil 4'! of the relay L0 is again closed through the arm l6, piece 90, contact points 40 and 4!. This results in the starting of the motor M, and the spindle H is again rotated until the piece Ilia touches the contact piece Ii leaving the piece Iii. This means that the circuit for the motor is opened at the point between the contact piece Hi and the arm It, and the motor again stops. Now the fuel pump continues the fuel injection and the starting air valve has been closed.

When the engines speed has accelerated and gets nearly to the normal one, the timing device G2) closes the contact points 43 and 44, so that the above circuit is again closed, and the motor M drives the spindle ll until the pieces We and i6?) leave the contacts ii and i5, respectively. When the piece 16a is placed on the point l2,

' the circuit for the relay L0 is left open whereby the circuits for the motor, its field coil and the magnetic coupling are opened. The circuit is also opened at the point between the piece It and the arm it, so that the reversing switch takes the original position as shown in Fig. l. The engine is then running at the normal speed.

When the normal condition is recovered, for example; the current in use is again supplied from the outer line, the bell-crank l is rocked by the attraction of the coil 5, and the piece 2 closes the points la and 11), then the circuit which contains the bus-bar P, contact points Ia and lb, coil 48 of the relay Ld, contact pieces l3, I and M of the circuit opening device, point 20 and piece 2'l of the reversing switch, 33 and bus-bar N is closed. By this means the rocker 38 gets in contact with the point 31 and closes the circuits for the motor, its field and the coupling just as the relay Lc does. In this case, however, the reversing switch is not operated so that the direction of current for the motor M is reversed comparing the case wherein the relay L0 is actuated.

On account of this ground, the motor M rotates in the opposite direction, and the spindle 11 also rotates the piece Ilia until the latter gets to the extreme point on the piece 9 and the above circuit containing the relay Ld is opened at the point between the pieces l3 and I4, so that fueloil injection is stopped and the valve controlling mechanism passes over the position for operating the compressed air valve of the Diesel engine in succession and the engine stops.

As the supplementary circuit for the relay Lb before mentioned is closed when the piece |6b is in contact with the piece [5, the reversing switch R does not return to its normal position even if the bell-crank I closes the contact points 1a and 1b while the arm I6 is being rocked along the pieces 9, l0 and l l during a starting operation This means that the engine starts up to its normal speed when the contact points 1a and lb are once opened closing the points 8a and 8b, as otherwise, the engine would repeat starting and stopping several times if the current in use is repeatedly interrupted before the engine accelerates its speed to the normal one, and the com- 5 pressed air reserved for starting the engine would be exhausted. g,

In Fig. 2, M is the small motor above mentioned. The shaft of this motor is coupled with the spindle 50 of a worm 5! through a friction 10 coupling 52. Another end of the spindle 50 touches a spindle 54, which extends through a magnetic coil 53 and is provided with an iron plate 540. fixed thereto. The spindle 50 is slidably fitted to the boss of the worm by means of a-feather 15 key, 'and is always pushed towards the right end so as to brake the friction disc of the coupling on the surface of the frame by means of a spring 55, which is inserted between the frame and a flange fixed on the spindle. By this means the 20 friction coupling is not engaged and the iron plate 54a is a little apart from the outer end of the magnetic coil 53 when the coil is not magnetized.

A worm gear 56 is engaged with the worm 5|. 25 This worm gear is fixed on the spindle ll of the circuit-opening device S as before mentioned, and the spindle ill is connected with the valve controlling shaft 58 of the engine.

In Fig. 3, 59 is a disc made of an insulating 30 material and is fixed to a shoulder of the casing H for the circuit opening device, and the spindle ll extends through the centre of the disc. 0n the disc are distributed the contact pieces 9 to I5 and the arm i6 is fixed at the end of the'35 spindle in the manner as before mentioned.

The valve controlling shaft 58 extends into the valve casing of the engine as shown in Fig. i, and an air controlling cam 5d and an oil controlling cam iii are mounted thereon.

The cam 60 controls a valve 62 provided in the air pipe 63 extending between the air valve box Bd'of the engine and a tank of compressed air. not shown. 69 is a pipe for supplying air from the air valve box to the engines cylinder, not 45 shown. The cam 6i provided on the shaft 58 operates the valve 65 which controls the opening of a by-pass 66. If the by-pass is opened, the fuel oil discharged by an oil pump 61! returns to the suction side. of the pump, so that fuel oil is 56) not supplied to the cylinder through the pipe 953.

The time of operation of the valves 62 and 65 is controlled by the cams 66 and Bi so as to correspond with the proper positions of the arm 86 relative to the contact pieces of the circuit open- 55 ing device S.

An example of the timing devices Ga and Gb is shown in Fig. 5. The rotation of the engine is transferred to a spindle H of the device through a rope pulley 10. On the spindle is provided a 60 centrifugal device I2 which raises a piece 39 of electrically conductive material in order to bridge over the contact pieces 40 and H by means of a bell crank 13 when the spindle H is accelerated up to a predetermined speed. 65

An emergency switch E, see Fig. 1, consists of Y a connecting lever 14 and two contact points 15 and I6, and is placed in a circuit in series with the contact points 8a and 8b when the lever is in contact with the points 15. This switch is also 70 in series with the contact points It and 22 of the reversing switch. In case of emergency, the lever 14 is rocked to contact with the point 16 andthe circuit for the coil is closed, and a4;

the same time the circuit containing the points 7 8a and lb and another circuit containing the points ii and 22 are opened independent of the position of the bell-crank I and reversing switch R.

On account of this ground, if a mechanical governor is arranged to rock the lever 14 from the point I! to 18 when the engine rotates beyond the normal speed, the relay Ld is magnetized and the engine stops.

. Referring to Fig. 6, A is a Diesel engine directly connected with a dynamo D. O is the case for the circuit opening device; T is the case for the timing device; V is the valve box of the engine A; and W is a switch box. These devicesare placed on a bed plate fixed on the dynamo.

Fig. 1 is merely a skeleton oi the device for illustration of the principle 01 the apparatus. In actual practice, a dash-pot is advisable to be provided with the bell-crank i in order to avoid sensitive fluctuation of the bell-crank when the outer current winks.

It is also advisable that the relays Lo and, Id should be so constructed that the circuits for the field 1" and the motor M are closed a little earlier than that for the coupling C in order to actuate the coupling when the motor has been accelerated.

The circuit-opening device can be made of a number cams mounted on the spindle l'l, each cam operating opening of respective contact be- Other attachments such as pilot lamps, test switches, meters and so on should be provided on a switch board for watching.

I! a switch is provided in the circuit for the coil 5, the device can be tested at any time it it would reliably start or not. It a switch inserted in the line connecting the point 1a and the busbar P is opened while the engine is running, the latter continues its motion even when the coil is magnetized so that the points In. and 1b are connected by the piece 2. It a switch inserted in the circuit containing the emergency switch is opened when the engine is running, the engine can be stopped at any time.

If a handle H, see Fig. 6, is fixed to the shaft II, and a clutch is provided with the shaft so that the shaft can be disconnected from the spindle ll, the engine can be started by means of hand operation.

What I claim is:

1. An automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by the latter through intermediation of the magnetic coupling for selectively opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling, a valvecontrolling shaft mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation of the compressed air and fuel-oil pump. of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit of the motor when the engines speed gets to a pre-determined one, and a means for actuating the motor and magnetizing the coupling by co-operation of the circuit-opening device.

2. An automatic starting and stopping apparatus for 8. Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by the latter through intermediation of the magnetic coupling for selectively opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling,

a valve-controlling shaft mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation 5 01 the compressed air and fuel-oil pump of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit of the motor when the engines speed gets to a predetermined one, and a reversing switch inserted in the circuits so as to reverse the connection 01' thecircuits for the motor when the switch is actuated by a magnetic coil so that the direction of rotation 01 the motor is reversed by magnetizing or de-magnetizing the coil.

3. An automatic starting and stopping appal5 ratus for a Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by the latter through intermediation of the magnetic coupling for selectively 20 opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling,

a valve-controlling shaft mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation oi! the compressed air and fuel-oil pump of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit oi the motor when the engines speed gets to a pre-determined one, and a reversing switch inserted in the circuits so as to reverse the connection of the circuits tor the motor when the switch is actuated by a magnetic coil so that the direc tion of rotation of the motor is reversed by magnetizing or de-magnetizing the coil, said reversing switch being provided with connecting members for a supplementary circuit for the magnetic coil of the reversing switch so as to have the switch keep its position even ii. the main circuit of the magnetic coil is opened.

4. An automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by the latter through intermediation of the magnetic coupling for selectively opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling, a valve-controlling shai't mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation of the compressed air and fuel-oil pump of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit of the motor when the engines speed gets to a pre-determined one, a reversing switch inserted in the circuits so as to reverse the connection oi the circuits for the motor when the switch is actuated by the magnetic coil so that the rotation oi the motor is reversed, and magnetic relays inserted in the circuits, which, co-operating with the circuit opening device, open or close the circuits of the motor, its field and the magnetic coupling. I 00 5. An automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by the latter through intermediation' of the magnetic coupling for selectively opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling, a valvecontrolling shaft mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation of the compressed air and fuel-oil pump of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit of the motor when the engines speed gets to a predetermined one, a reversing switch inserted in the circuits so as to reverse the connection of the circuits for the motor when the switch is actuated by a magnetic coil so that the direction of rotation of the motor is reversed by magnetizing or de-magnetizing the coil, and two magnetic relays inserted in the circuitsin such a manner that when the first relay is actuated, it controls the reversing switch so as to magnetize the coil oi. the second relay, which closes the circuit of the motor for rotation in one direction.

' 6. An automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by. the latter through intermediation of the magnetic coupling for selectively opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling, a valve-controlling shaft mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation of the compressed air and fuel-oil pump of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit of the motor when the engines speed gets to a predetermined one, a reversing switch inserted in the circuits so as to reverse the connection of the circuits for the motor when the switch is actuated by a. magnetic coil so that the direction of rotation of the motor is reversed by magnetizing or de-magnetizing the coil, and three relays inserted in the circuits in such a manner that when the first relay is actuated it controls the reversing switch so as to magnetize the coil of the second relay, which closes the circuit of the motor for rotation in one direction, and the third relay is actuated when a normal condition is recovered so as to close the circuit of the motor for rotation in the reverse direction.

7. An automatic starting and stopping apparatus for a Diesel engine comprising a motor, a magnetic coupling, a circuit-opening device which is mechanically connected with the motor and is driven by the latter through intermediation of the magnetic coupling for selectively opening the circuits which control rotation of the motor and magnetization of the coupling, a valve-controlling shaft mechanically connected with the circuit-opening device for operation of the compressed air and fuel-oil pump of the engine, a timing device which closes a circuit of the motor when the engines speed gets to a predetermined one, and a means for actuating the motor and magnetizing the coupling by co-operation of the circuit-opening device when the con dition requires a starting of the engine, the circuit-opening device consisting of movable bridging members operated by a spindle driven by the motor and of stationary terminals of the circuits, the bridging members being soarranged that required terminals are selectively bridged over or opened by the rotation of the spindle.

TOMEHIKO IGARIASHI. 30

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2518712 *Jun 23, 1943Aug 15, 1950Wright Aeronautical CorpAircraft engine starting device
US2580820 *Mar 7, 1944Jan 1, 1952Bendix Aviat CorpAutomatic starting control
US2592945 *Feb 1, 1945Apr 15, 1952Honeywell Regulator CoAutomatic starting system for internal-combustion engines
US5951440 *Jun 12, 1998Sep 14, 1999Reichlinger; GaryEngine controller with operator interface
Classifications
U.S. Classification123/179.4, 290/38.00R, 123/198.00B, 477/167, 60/627
International ClassificationH02J9/08
Cooperative ClassificationH02J9/08
European ClassificationH02J9/08