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Publication numberUS2015554 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 24, 1935
Filing dateDec 8, 1933
Priority dateDec 8, 1933
Publication numberUS 2015554 A, US 2015554A, US-A-2015554, US2015554 A, US2015554A
InventorsFisher Frederick E
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magnetic wedge
US 2015554 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 24, 1935. F. E. FISHER MAGNETIC WEDGE Filed Dec. 8, 1953 Ihvehto1-= Frederick EF'isher;

His ttor'hey.

Patented Sept. 24, 1935 UNITED STATES MAGNETIC WEDGE Frederick E. Fisher, Scotia, N. Y., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application December 8, 1933, Serial No. 701,467

11 Claims.

My invention relates to magnetic wedges for closing the slots of dynamo-electric machines or the like.

Wedges of magnetic material and particularly 5 wedges formed of laminated magnetic material have substantial electrical advantages when used to close or partially close the slots of dynamoelectric machines. This type of wedge has presented the mechanical difficulties of complicated l assembly of the laminations and the further difficulty of holding the wedges in place in the slots of the dynamo-electric machine.

An object of my invention is to provide a magnetic wedge in which the laminations are formed '15 by folding a strip of magnetic material so that folds of the material form transverse laminations.

Another object'of my invention is to provide a transversely laminated magnetic wedge having 20 a simple means for holding the laminations in assembled relation.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds, and. the features of novelty 25 which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

For a better understanding of my invention, reference may be had to the accompanying draw- 30 ing in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of wedges embodying my invention used to close the slots of a dynamo-electric machine; Fig. 2 is a perspec tive view of one of the magnetic wedges shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a view of the strip of magnetic 35 material from which the wedge is formed; Fig. 4 is a perspective view of one of the side members of the magnetic wedge with a few of the folded laminations partially extended to show the manner of making the side members; and Fig. 5 is a 40 perspective view of the bridge member which connects the side members of the wedge and retains the laminations in assembled relation.

I have shown my invention applied to a magnetic wedge of the type having two side mem- 4 bers l which are shaped to fit in notches formed in the opposite sides of the slot of a dynamo-electric machine and which are connected by a bridge member 3. Each of the side members is formed by folding a strip of magnetic material 4 suc- 50 cessively in opposite directions along the dotted lines indicated in Fig. 3, and pressing the adjacent folds together as indicated in the lower end of Fig. 4. Before pressing the laminations together, the laminations may be coated with an 55 insulating film to prevent the flow of eddy currents across the laminations. The manner of folding is shown in the extended portion 5 of Fig.

4, and is such that one of the folds of the strip which constitutes a transverse lamination of the wedge isjoined to an adjacent fold on either side 5 of said lamination at the top and bottom edges 4 of said wedge respectively. The bridge member 3 which connects the side members i of the magnetic wedge is preferably made of any suitable insulating or non-magnetic material in the form 0 of an arch with transverse slots 6 in the central portion of the arch. I a

The wedge is preferably assembled by placing the edges of a longitudinal bridge member 3 in slots 1 in the inner faces of the side members I and by crimping the lower edges 8 of the laminations against the bridging member to securely clamp the bridging member in the recess 1. The deformation of the edges 8 of the laminations causes the edges of the lamination to be clamped to the bridge member and grip the same, and since the edges of the laminations are secured to the bridge member, the bridge member retains the laminations in assembled relation, providing a unitary wedge construction which can be driven into the slots. The bridge member may be secured to the edges of the laminations by press ing the member into the recess, by molding the member in the recess, by placing the member in the recess and expanding the member into tight engagement with the edges of the laminations, or by other suitable methods. To further assist in retaining the laminations in assembled relation, tabs 9 at the ends of member 3 are bent upwardly to engage the ends of the side members i The wedge is placed in the dynamo-electric machine by inserting or driving the Wedge in the slots [0 which are notched to conform to the outer edges of the side members I. To assist in holding the wedge in place, the side members may be spread by deforming the bridge member 3 along the central portion between members I, after the wedge is in place. The slots 6 in the bridge member make deformations of the bridge member easier and also lessen the eddy current loss if the bridge member is of metal. To further assist in holding the wedge in place, the wedge may be impregnated with an insulating varnish or other compound.

Although I have shown a particular embodiment of my invention, I do not desire to be limited to the construction described, and I intend in the appended claims to cover all modifications which do not depart from the spirit and scope of my invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:-

1. A magnetic wedge having a plurality of laminations extending transversely of the length of said wedge, said laminations comprising folds of each member, and means for providing a unitary construction including a member arranged in the redessineachmemberandsecuredtotheedges of said laminations for holding said laminations in assembled relation and for connecting said side members.

3. A magnetic wedge having side members. each member having a plurality of laminations extending transversely thereof, said laminstions comprising folds of a strip of magnetic material and having a recess extending longitudinally of each member, and a deformable bridge arranged in :the recesses in said side members and secured to the edges of said laminations for joining said side members and retaining said laminations in assembled relation, said bridge being constructed so that the side members are spread apart when said bridge is deformed.

. 4. A magnetic wedge having side members, each member having aplurality of laminations extending transversely thereof, said laminations comprising folds of a strip of m netic. material and having a recess extending longitudinally of eachmember, one of said laminations being Joined to an adjacent lamination on either side ofsaidlaminationatthetopandbottomedges of said wedge respectively, and means for providing a unitary construction including a memberarranledintherecessineachmemberand secured to the edges of said laminations throughout the length of said member for holding said laminations in assembled relation and for connecting said side members.

I. A magnetic wedge comprising side members of magnetic material having laminations extending transversely thereof, and means for providing a unitary oonstructicnincluding a member extending between the inner faces of said side members for joining said side members and for retaining said laminations in assembled relation.

6. A magnetic wedge having a pluralityof laminations extending transversely of said wedge, said laminations having a recess extending lons gitudinally along an edge of said wedge, and means for providing a unitary construction including a longitudinal member arranged in said recess and secured to the edges of said laminations for retaining said laminations in assembled 1o relation.

'1. A magnetic wedge comprising side members of magnetic material, each side member having laminations extending transversely thereof and having a longitudinal recess therein, and means 15 for providing a unitary construction including a bridgemember arranged in said recesses and secured to the edges of said laminations for joining said members and for retaining said laminations in assembled relation. :9

8. The method of constructing a magnetic wedge which comprises the steps of arranging a plurality of laminations extending transversely of said wedge and having a recess extending longitudinally of said wedge, placing a longitudinal member in said recess, and securing said member in said recess by deforming the sides of said recess to grip said member.

9. The methodof constructing a magnetic wedge which comprises the steps of arranging a plurality of laminations extending transversely of said wedge and having a recess extending longitudinally of said wedge, placing a longitudinal member in said recess, and deforming the sides of said recess by crimping said laminstions against said member so that the edges of said laminations are secured to said member.

10. A magnetic wedge having a plurality of laminations extending transversely of said wedge, said laminations having a recess extending lon- ,0 gitudinally along an edge of said wedge, and means for providing a unitary construction including a longitudinal member arranged in said recess and gripped by said laminations for retaining said laminations in assembled relation.

11. A magnetic wedge having a plurality of laminations extending transversely of said wedge,

said lamlnations having a recess extending longitudinaily along an edge of said wedge, and means for providing a unitary construction including a so longitudinal member arranged in said recess and gripped by the edges of said laminations for retaining said laminations in assembled relation. FREDERICK E. FISHER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4105906 *Nov 22, 1976Aug 8, 1978Itt Industries, Inc.Armature for a motor in a pump for liquids
US4293787 *Jan 12, 1979Oct 6, 1981Hitachi, Ltd.Stator winding holding structure for rotary electric machine
US5548172 *Oct 27, 1995Aug 20, 1996General Electric CompanyPermanent magnet line start motor having magnets outside the starting cage
US5758709 *Dec 4, 1995Jun 2, 1998General Electric CompanyMethod of fabricating a rotor for an electric motor
US6029336 *Jul 17, 1995Feb 29, 2000General Electric CompanyMethod of fabricating a permanent magnet line start motor having magnets outside the starting cage
US6274961 *Jun 30, 1999Aug 14, 2001Abb Research Ltd.Elastic insulating material element for wedging a winding, in particular the stator winding, of an electric machine
US6343259Dec 23, 1997Jan 29, 2002General Electric CompanyMethods and apparatus for electrical connection inspection
US8410656 *Oct 30, 2009Apr 2, 2013General Electric CompanySegmented stator assembly
US8618710Nov 10, 2011Dec 31, 2013Siemens AktiengesellschaftWedge for a stator of a generator with preformed coil windings
DE1122624B *Mar 25, 1958Jan 25, 1962Elektro Motoren A GVerfahren zum Befestigen magnetischer Nutenverschlusskeile fuer elektrische Maschinen und Apparate und Nutenverschlusskeil zur Ausuebung dieses Verfahrens
EP2458714A1 *Nov 26, 2010May 30, 2012Siemens AktiengesellschaftWedge for a stator of a generator with preformed coil windings
Classifications
U.S. Classification310/214
International ClassificationH02K3/48, H02K3/493
Cooperative ClassificationH02K3/493
European ClassificationH02K3/493