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Publication numberUS2015959 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 1, 1935
Filing dateOct 1, 1930
Priority dateOct 1, 1930
Publication numberUS 2015959 A, US 2015959A, US-A-2015959, US2015959 A, US2015959A
InventorsNeedham John T
Original AssigneeGen Conveyors Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus
US 2015959 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0%. 1,1935. NEEDHAM I 2,015,959

PNEUMATIC DISPATCH TUBE APPARATUS Original Filed Oct. 1, 1930 Mimi 9 INVENTOR 7 JOHN T. NEEDHAM 7 ATi'ORNEYS Patented Oct. 1, 1935 UNITED STATES PNEUMATIC DISPATCH TUBE APPARATUS Application October 1, 1930,-Serial N0.-485;647 Renewed March 5, 1935 6 Claims.

Important objects of the presentinvention are, to provide improved efiicient means for causing a carrier-propelling flow of air through a pneumatic dispatch tube line, and to-provide an efii- 5 cient pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus designed for positive and rapid propulsion of carriers along a tube line of great length. Other objects of the invention will appear hereinafter.

'In the drawing, the figure is an elevation of the dispatch tube apparatus, partly in section.

The apparatus includes a dispatch tube line i, in the present instance comprising two end tube sections 2 andtand an intermediate tube section 4. To the outer end of section 2 is attached a sending terminal device 5. Said device comprises a drum-like casing (-2 in which a hollow cylinder 6 is rotatably mounted. The tube section 2 is connectedto the drum-like casing at onepoint and an air supply pipe 8 is connected to the casing at a diametrically opposite point. Mounted within the cylinder 1 is a tube defining a diametrical passage -9 for receiving the carriers. Normally said passage is disposed in register with the connections of the dispatch tube and the supply pipe. Spaced around the casing from the dispatch tube connection is a bell mouth it). When a carrier is to be inserted the cylinder l is rotated by means of a handle ii to bring the passage 9 into register with the bell-mouth, and the carrier is inserted through the bell mouth and into the passage '5. The handle is then released and, together with the cylinder 1, is returned to normal positionby a spring 12. Supply pipe 8 leads from a source of air under pressure. In the present instance this source is a blower or othercompressor 13 driven by an electric "motor I l. The hollow cylinder 7 has diametrically disposed ports I5 to register with the supply pipe and the dispatch tube when the cylinder is rocked to position for the insertion of a carrier and permit a fiow of air through the cylinder from said pipe to the tube.

The outer end of tube section 3 is curved and forms the discharge terminal it which is normally closed by a hinged, airtight closure ll. Attached to said tubeend is an arcuate shield 18 forming a guide for the discharged carriers. Connected 'to the tube section 3 at a point near the discharge'terminal is a suction pipe Hi. This pipe leads to the inlet of a blower 20 or other suitable suction device, driven by a motor 2 I.

An injector device 22 connects together the tube sections 2 and 4, and -a similar injector device 23'connectstogetherthe tube sections 3 and 4. These devicesare'preferablyspace'd a material distance "apart and material distances from the terminals. -Eachinjector-device comprises a box-like casing 24 forming an-air chamber 25. One of the *connected tubesections is screwed into-one wall of-said casing, as at 2'8, and said ,5 wall is form'ed-witha conicalgnozzle-like projection '21 aliningwith the connected tube 'sections and-formed-with a-bore 28 forming part of the carrier passage-inthe tube line. Said projectiontaperstow-ard the discharge end of the tube 10 line. A threadedaperture 29, alining with projection 2?, is formed inthe-opposite wall of the casing andhas-a threaded sleeve 36'! screwed into it. Said sleeve is formed at its inner end with an aimulan conical, internal surface 3! which 15 telescopes over thenozzle'zl and cooperates with the 'conicalsurfa'ce of the latterto define an annularinjector port 32 leading from the chamber 25 obliquely into the tube line. The opposed port-forming surfaces are of material length 20 longitudinally of theiube line and correspondingly tapered, and their taper'makes quite a-low anglewith 'the tube line inorder togive positive longitudinahdirection to the air-injection. The sleeve receives and rotaiably fits an-end of one of 25 the connected tube-sections and is formed with a boreforming partof the carrier passage. By turning the-sleeve the space between the tapering port --wallsmay=be varied to change the size of the'port and to entirely close the port when required.

"The injector devices 22 and 23 are supplied With-air which is withdrawn from the dispatch tube line -=at-intermediate points suitablyspaced along :the line. For supplying the injector 22 a 35 icy-pass gpipe J33;.leads ifrom-the tube line at a point between the sending terminals?) and said injector and preferably near the latter. Atits .opposite-endspipe 33 is connected to casing 24, and opens into .the 'air chamber 25. ;A similar 40 Joy-pass pipe 34.1eads from the tube line at a pointbetweenthe two injectors and preferably near injector .23. Itsopposite end is connected to the casingof said injector. and opens into the air chamber'thereof. "Connected into "each bypassisan air compressor 35 which is "driven by an electricimotor :36. Each of "thepipes 33 and 35 is connected to the tube line through the medium of a'casing-l whichsurrounds the tube and refines an annularchamber l has ports l -equallyspaced aroundit and opening' into thechamber and said chamber opens into the-connected pipe -33 or 1 34. Thereby the suction is evenly distributed around theitube.

At thesen'dingend ofthe tubeline is an electric The tube. 50.

' line wires 42.

.the pipes 33 and 34 for the injectors.

switch 31. This switchcomprises two normally separated contact fingers. One of these fingers is provided with an insulation projection 38 extending through an opening in the terminal casing 6 and into a cam recess 39 formed in the periphery of cylinder 1. Thereby when the cylinder is rocked for insertion of a carrier one switch finger is cammed against the other to close the switch. A timer, diagrammatically indicated at M, is connected into a circuit 4! controlled by the switch and is supplied with current from the The timer controls a circuit 43 into which a motor controller 44 is connected and the latter controls a circuit 45 into which the motors 114,2! and 36 are connected.

When a carrier is inserted into the sending terminal device and the cylinder 1 rotates to bring the carrier into alinement with the tube line the switch 31 is closed and the timer is operated. The timer operates the motor controller 44 for closing the motor circuit and holding it closed for the required length of time and the motors drive the compressor I 3 and the suction device 25. Air under pressure is forced through the supply pipe 8 and into the passage 9 to propel the carrier into the tube line. Air is also withdrawn from the discharge end of the tube through the pipe 19 by the operation of the suction device 211 and a partial vacuum is created in advance of the carrier. Simultaneously, the motors 3% are driven to operate the compressors 35. Air

is thereby withdrawn by suction through the pipes 33 and 34, compressed into theair chambers 25 at a high pressure and injected back into thetube at a high speed and with great force, the force of the injection being increased by the suction in advance thereof. The pressure introduced at the sending terminal together with the suction at intermediate points and at the discharge terminal moves a carrier rapidly inward from the sending terminal. A strong impulse is received by the carrier from the first air injector and this injection assisted by suction farther along the line propels the carrier rapidly to the second injector from which it receives another impulse which boosts it rapidly toward the discharge terminal. Here it kicks open the closure it and is discharged from the tube. A carrier is thereby propelled along the tube line more rapidly and positively and with less expenditure of power than is customarily required. Only a small volume of air need be withdrawn through The timer, when it has operated for a predetermined time, opens the circuit 43 of the motor controller 44 and the latter then automatically opens the motor circuit 45.

The apparatus is intended primarily for very long tube lines which ordinarily require a great expenditureof power to create sufiicient pressure and suction at opposite ends of the line to propel the carrier along the length thereof. By

independently adjustable to vary the injection.

at the different points along the line according to-the requirements. Also, if required, the injection and suction at the different points may be further varied by using compressors of different capacities and driving them at different speeds.

The intermediate injector devices, the end compressor I 3 and the exhaust device 20 are operable simultaneously and they cooperate to quickly set the entire long column of air in the 'dispatch tube in forward motion for rapid carrier propulsion. When the tube is inactive it is tube and a dormant pressure tends to build up adjacent the sending terminal after the carrier has receded along theline from the terminal. 20

The injector devices cooperate with the end com.- pression and suction means to overcome the inertia and friction of both the column of air originally in the tube and the air introduced by the end compressor.

The forcible forward injection of air at intermediate points in the line thrusts forward the air originally in the tube, in advance of the carrier, creates a suction and renders the air introduced at the sending terminal more eflective. When the carrier passes each injector it is subjected to the forward thrust of the injection and at the same time the injection, by its suction effect upon the air introduced at the sending terminal back of the carrier overcomes the tendency of said air to sluggishness and rapidly advances it. Thereby all of the air in the tube is set in rapid motion at once, resisting back pres column of air and the travel of the carrier are uninterrupted.

What I claim is:

l. A pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus comprising a dispatch tube linehaving a carrier sending terminal and a carrier discharge terminal spaced 'therealong; normally inoperative compressor means to force air into the tube line at the sending terminal; normally inoperative suction'means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point adjacent the discharge terminal; a normally inoperative'injector device having a restricted'injector port of material length opening into the tube line at an intermediate point between said terminals and disposed at a sharply acute angle to the line to inject air into the line,

positively direct it along the line toward the discharge terminal and cause a forward suction be tween the sending terminal and the injection 7 point; normally inoperative means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point between the a sending terminal and said injector port and compress thewithdrawn air and deliver it to the port for forcible injection; and means to render the compressor means, suction means and injector deviceoperative simultaneously for cooperation to set all of the air between theterminals in rapid motion at once to cause an uninterrupted carrierpropelling flow of air from the sending terminal to the discharge terminal, the carrier passage of the line being constantly open and unobstructed between the terminals for uninterrupted air flow and carrier travel.

2. A pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus comprising a dispatch tube 'line having a carrier sending terminal and a carrier discharge terminal spaced therealong; normally inoperative compressor means to force air into the tube line at the sending terminal; normally inoperative suction means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point adjacent the discharge terminal; a normally inoperative injector device having a restricted injector port of material length opening into the tube line at an intermediate point between said terminals and disposed at a sharply acute angle to the line to inject air into the line, positively direct it along the line toward the discharge terminal and cause a forward suction between the sending terminal and the injection point; normally inoperative means to deliver air under pressure to said port for forcible injection; and means to render the compressor means, suction means and injector device operative simultaneously for cooperation to quickly set in rapid motion the entire column of air between the terminals to cause an uninterrupted carrier-propelling flow of air from the sending terminal to the discharge terminal, the carrier passage of the line being constantly open and unobstructed between the terminals for uninterrupted air flow and carrier travel.

3. A pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus comprising a dispatch tube line having a carrier sending terminal and a carrier discharge terminal spaced therealong; normally inoperative compressor means to force air into the tube line at the sending terminal; normally inoperative suction means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point adjacent the discharge terminal; a normally inoperative injector device having a restricted injector port of material length opening into the tube line at an intermediate point between said terminals and disposed at a sharply acute angle to the line to inject air into the line, positively direct it along the line toward the discharge terminal and cause a forward suction between the sending terminal and the injection point; means to deliver air under pressure to said port for forcible injection; and means to render said compressor means, suction means and injector device operative simultaneously for cooperation to quickly set the column of air between the terminals in rapid motion to cause an uninterrupted carrier-propelling flow of air from the sending terminal to the discharge terminal.

4. A pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus comprising a dispatch tube line having a carrier sending terminal and a carrier discharge terminal spaced therealong; normally inoperative compressor means to force air into the tube line at the sending terminal; a normally inoperative injector device having a restricted injector port of material length opening into the tube line at an intermediate point between said terminals and disposed at a sharply acute angle to the line to inject air into the line and positively direct it along the line toward the discharge terminal and cause a forward suction between the sending terminal and the injection point; means to deliver air under pressure to said port for forcible injection; and means to render said compressor 5 means and said injector device operative simultaneously for cooperation to quickly set the column of air between the terminals in rapid motionto cause an uninterrupted carrier-propelling flow of air from the sending terminal to the discharge terminal. I 5. A pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus comprising a dispatch tube line having a carrier sending terminal and a carrier discharge terminal spaced therealong; normally inoperative suction means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point adjacent the discharge terminal; a normally inoperative injector device having a restricted injector port of material length opening into the tube line at an intermediate point between said terminals and disposed at a sharply acute angle to the line to inject air into the line, positively direct it along the line toward the discharge terminal and cause a forward suction along the line between the sending terminal and the injection point; normally inoperative means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point between the sending terminal and said injector port and compress the withdrawn air and deliver it to the port for forcible injection; and means to render said suction means adjacent the discharge terminal and said intermediate air withdrawal means and injector device operative simultaneously to quick ly set the column of air between the terminals in rapid motion to cause an uninterrupted carrierpropelling flow of air from the sending terminal to the discharge terminal, the carrier passage of the line being open and unobstructed between the terminals for uninterrupted air flow and carrier travel.

6. A pneumatic dispatch tube apparatus comprising a dispatch tube line having a carrier sending terminal and a carrier discharge terminal spaced therealong; normally inoperative suction means to withdraw air from the tube line at a point adjacent the discharge terminal; a normally inoperative injector device having a restricted injector port of material length opening into the tube line at an intermediate point between said terminals and disposed at a sharply acute angle to the line to inject air into the line, positively direct it along the line toward the discharge terminal and cause a forward suction along the line between the sending terminal and the injection point; and means to render said suction means adjacent the discharge terminal and said injector device operative simultaneously to quickly set the column of air between the terminals in rapid motion to cause an uninterrupted carrier-propelling flow of air from the 0 sending terminal to the discharge terminal, the carrier passage of the line being open and unobstructed between the terminals for uninterrupted air flow and carrier travel.

JOHN T. NEEDHAM.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5354152 *Jul 8, 1991Oct 11, 1994Eolas - The Irish Science And Technology AgencyMethod and apparatus for conveying ice lumps
US5549421 *Jul 12, 1994Aug 27, 1996Eolas-The Irish Science & Technology AgencyMethod and apparatus for conveying ice lumps
US5993117 *Jan 28, 1997Nov 30, 1999Servend International, Inc.Ice transportation system and method
EP0466428A2 *Jul 8, 1991Jan 15, 1992ForfasMethod and apparatus for conveying ice lumps
Classifications
U.S. Classification406/27, 406/105
International ClassificationB65G51/00, B65G51/28, B65G51/08
Cooperative ClassificationB65G51/08, B65G51/28
European ClassificationB65G51/08, B65G51/28