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Publication numberUS2016309 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 8, 1935
Filing dateApr 7, 1932
Priority dateApr 7, 1932
Publication numberUS 2016309 A, US 2016309A, US-A-2016309, US2016309 A, US2016309A
InventorsZuckerman Adolph M
Original AssigneeHoe & Co R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Printing and associating mechanism
US 2016309 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

" Oct. 8,- 1935. A. M. ZUCKERMAN 2,015,309

PRINTING AND ASSOCIATING MECHANISM I 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 mvl-zu-ron %wm a f;

Oct. 8, 1935. A. M. ZUCKERMAN PRINTING AND ASSOCIATING'MECHANIL M Filed April 7, 1932 5 Sheets-Shem 5%1 INVENTOR.

Oct. 8, 1935.

A M. ZUCKERMAN PRINTING AND ASSOCIATING MECHANISM 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed April 7, 1932 Q E m Ob I W \Jr b I O O I a m ww 3 m. o No 0 o OW o o 0 .Q@ 0 o W 0 NW 0 WW 0 o o 0 Q0 J r W m Q Q Oct. 8, 1935. A. M. ZUCKERMAN PRINTING AND ASSOCIATING MECHANISM Filed April 7, 1932 .5 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR ot.s,-1935. *AMZ CKERMMJ 2,016,309

PRINTING AND ASSOCIATING MECHANISM Filed April 7 1952 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented Oct; 8, 1935 PATENT OFFICE,

' 2,016,309 I n n n PRINTING AND AssocrA'rmGrmonmsM Adolph M. Zuckerman, New York, N. Y., assignor to R. Hoe & 00., Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York; Irving Trust Company,

permanent trustee Application April 7, 1932, serial #603,751:

Claims (01. 270-11 This invention relates to certain improvements in printing'and associating mechanism.

In the production of certain types of printed products, such as periodicals, pamphlets and the like, it may be desirable to produce a product of a plurality of associated signatures which are separately printed and which differ from each other in kind or character, anda pamphlet or the like in which such differing signatures are assembled in the final product in a predetermined order. For instance, it may be desirable to produce a product made up of different colored signatures, as, for instance, a signature printed on pink paper, a signature printed on, yellow paper, and a signature printed on white paper, these, being associated or collated in suchrorder to make up or produce the final desired product. It is the especial object of the present invention to provide an associating mechanismby which signatures printed by different printing units in different colors or of different kinds or characters and from different width webs may be collated or associated, either collected or'not, in a predetermined order and then delivered, so that the necessity of manual gathering or the use of separate gathering machines for effecting such association is done away with.

A further object of the invention is to provide an associating mechanism by which such products may be produced at high speeds and in which the mechanism employed is of simple character and few parts, and which can be readily manipulated or adjusted to produce the'products required. l

' With these and other objectsnot specifically referred to inview, the invention consists in certain novel parts, arrangements and combinations which "will be described in connection with the accompanying drawings and the novel features pointed out in the claims hereunto annexed.

In these drawings,-

Figure 1 is a, side elevation of a printing mechanism capacitated to print a plurality of products of different characters; v c

Figure 2 is an end elevation of one form of the improved associating mechanism by which the objects of the invention may be effected;

Figure 3 is a diagrammatic view, on an enlarged scale and more in detail, of the associating mechanism shown in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a side elevation of a modified press arangement for printing four webs to produce four differing productsy Y I Figure 5 is an end elevation of the associating mechanism embodying the invention which may .beused with the printing machine of Figure 4;

Figure 6 is a diagrammatic view, on an enlargedscale and more in detail, of the associating mechanism shown in Figure 5 for associating the products on the printing machine shown in Figure 4; c

. Figure 7 is a diagrammatic view of a modification of the associating mechanism shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, and c t Figure 8 isa diagrammatic view of another modification of thesame associatingmechanism.

Generally speaking, the invention consists in the provision of a printing mechanism capacitated to print and perfect a plurality ofgwebsto 1 produce signatures or products which may be different in character, andin combination with I an associating mechanism by which the diifering products from the press may be associated in a predetermined order without manual gathering or handling, this associating mechanism being capacitated to produce either collected or non-, collected products, or a combination of both, as may be desired, and an associating mechanism in which the, parts are capacitated to handle a 25 large number of webs without unduly increasing the size of the mechanism used for effecting the desired association of the products.

.In the drawings, two constructions illustrating preferred embodiments of the inventionare shown and will now be described in detail. Re-

,ferring first to Figures 1; to 3, inclusive, there is shown a printing machine capacitatedto produce three differing signatures or products, that is, the machine shown is capacitated to print and perfect three separate. webs, the products from which may be associated or collated in-a predetermined sequence or order.

Referring to Figure ,1, the printing mechanism is shown diagrammatically, as this may be of anysuitable type As illustrated, there is shown nism B is capacitated to print and perfect a web W which maybe of yellow paper; superposed above the mechanism B is a third printing mechanism C, including a printing couple 9 and a perfecting couple Ill, the form cylinders of which are inked by suitable inking mechanisms ll, l2. This printing mechanism prints on a web W which may be of another colored paper, as pink.

It will be understood that while the webs are described as of different colored papers to produce products of differing characters other products of different characters may be produced by suitably arranging the-matter printed by the different printing units of the printing machine. It will be understood therefore that the invention will include the product of such differing products or signatures.

It .will be understood also that the webs w, W

and W may be full rolls or rolls of less width, such as three-quarter or half width, depending upon the particular product it is desired to produce. Where wide webs are used, these webs may be slit and to effect this the webs are car-' ried from the printing mechanisms over web guides l3, I4, 15 to slitting mechanisms l6, l1, l8,

- by which they may be slit into webs or ribbons of the desiredwidth.

Cooperating with this printing mechanism is an associated mechanism of novel arrangement, whereby the products from each of the web may be associated or collated in the predetermined order desired, and the collated products delivered to any suitable or desired delivery. This associated mechanism will, in its preferred construction, also include collecting devices, so that if desired the products from the webs may be collected to produce a signature having the desired or required make-up. This associating mechanism, however, will include a plurality of cutting and collecting mechanisms, where collecting mechanisms are used, one for each web from the press, by which the webs may be cut into desired product lengths, and an associating or collating mechanism common to all the cutting and collecting devices, so that the products from all the cutting and collecting mechanisms may be collated or associated into a single product.

The cutting, collecting and associating devices may, of course, vary widely in their specific construction, but a convenient one is that shown.

' Referring to Figures 2 and 3, the webs from each shown in the form of a cylinder 25. This collecting cylinder may be of any suitable type, but in the particular construction shown is a three-part cylinder having three collecting surfaces a, b, c, on which the products are collected in the usual manner and folded off to a folding and transfer,

mechanism hereinafter referred to.

' The collecting cylinder 25 is provided with sheet taking devices which are shown" as the usual double gripper mechanism, comprising long and short grippers 26, three sets of these long and short grippers being provided. The gripping elements of these are so arranged that the short grippers of each set take the product, whioh'is then engaged by the long grippers, the short grippers becoming disengaged thereafter, and, when collecting, the second product is laid over the first product and engaged by the short grippers, and

the sequence is repeated, as is common practice 5 in the art. The collecting cylinder 25 is also provided with tucking blades 21, three of these blades being shown, which act to tuck off the collected product to the folding and transfer mechanism which will now be described. While 10 this mechanism may be of various characters, in the particular construction illustrated it is in, the form of a cylinder 28 provided with a plurality of sets of nipping laws 29 into the bite of which the folding blades 21 of cylinder 25 tuck 15 ,the products thereon, thus giving these'products similar character as that alreadydescribed, and 30- so the remainder of such mechanisms will be but briefly referred to.

The web W, after\ being printed and perfected, is led over suitable turner bars 30 and guide rolls 3| to forwarding and associating rolls 32 35 and then to cooperating and cutting cylinders 33, 34, and to a folding and collecting cylinder 35, from which the collected products are taken by a folding and transfer cylinder 38 and transferred to the associating mechanism. 40'.

Similarly the web W", after being divided into four ribbons, passes over suitable turner bars 31 and guide-rolls 38 to'and between a pair of associating rolls 39, 40. From these associating rolls, the web, passes to a pair of cooperating cutting cylinders ll, 42, and fromthese to a collecting andfolding cylinder 43, similarto the cylinders 25 and 36, before referred to, from which the collected products are folded oil to a folding and transfer-cylinder N, which in turn delivers the products to the associating. mecha nism which will now be described. I M

It, of course, will be understood that while grippers are ilustrated as the sheet taking devices employed on the collecting cylindersfor taking the sheets, if desired, pins may be substituted for the grippers. It will be observed that with this arrangement a wide variety in the production of signatures or products may be produced, as such products may be collected or noncollected as desired, and different arrangements may be made by silencing certain of the sheet taking andfolding devices.

While the specific details of construction of the associating mechanism may be varied, such asso- 55 to all the cutting and collecting mechanisms this may be arranged to occupy a relatively small amount of space in the press-room, which is a feature of great practical advantage.

Under some circumstances, it may be desirable to produce larger or different products from that shown in the construction described, and a modified arrangement embodying the invention is.

shown in Figures 4 to 6.

Referring now to these figures, there is illustrated in Figure 4 a four unit printing machine adapted to print on four webs W W, W and W.

These printing units are indicated by the letters D, E, F and G. The construction of these printing units may be the same as that already described,

that is, each including a printng couple 8 and a' cooperating perfecting couple 49. Further, these printing units may print on full width websor webs less than full width, and the products from these webs, as in the other construction described, maybe slit by suitable slitting mechanisms 50, 5 I,

' 52 and 53, from which the slit webs or ribbons may be led to the associating mechanism.

Where a large number of webs, such as would be produced by the printing machine of Figure 4 are to be assembled into pamphlet or magazine form with a predetermined arrangement of the signatures, a somewhat modified arrangement of cutting, collecting, folding and associating mechanism is employed from that previously described in connection with Figures 1, 2 and 3, and such an arrangement is diagrammatically illustrated in Figure 6. It will be understood, however, that whilethis arrangement may vary to some extent there will be provided a cutting and collecting mechanism for each of the webs or ribbons slit from each web and an associating mechanism which is common to all the cutting and collecting mechanisms. Thus the web W is forwarded to a pair of cutting cylinders 54, 55, which cooperate with a collecting and folding cylinder 56, from which the products are folded off to a folding and transfer. cylinder 51 from which they are delivered to associating mechanism hereinafter referred to. Similarly the web W is forwarded to a pair of cutting cylinders 58, 59, which cooperate with a collecting and folding cylinder 60 from which the products are folded off to a folding and transfer cylinder 6 I, which in turn delivers to the associating mechanism. a

The web W is forwarded to a pair of cutting cylinders 62, 63 cooperating with a folding and collecting cylinder 64 which folds off the product to a folding and transfer cylinder 65, which in turn, through connections hereinafter referred to, delivers the product to the associating mechanism.

The web W is forwarded to a pair of cutting cylinders 66, 61, which cooperate with a folding and collecting cylinder 68, which in turn folds off the collected product to a folding and transfer cylinder 89.

In the particular construction illustrated in Figure 6, the folding and transfer cylinders 51 and Bi deliver directly to the associating mechanism which is shown in the form of a cylinder 10. While, if desired, this cylinder 10 may be large enough to directly cooperate with all the folding and transfer cylinders 51, BI, 65 and, such a cylinder would necessarily be so large as to be impractical on account of the space it would take up. In the modification shown in Figure 6 therefore, this cylinder is made of the usual size and cooperates with a second transfer cylinder H which receives the product from the folding and 1 transfer cylinders 65 and 69 and which acts to associate, the products taken thereby with the products on the cylinder Ill received from the folding and transfer cylinders 51 and GI, so that the combined products may bedelivered by the cylinder III to any suitable delivery, as tapes, indicated at 12.

Where the construction used in Figure 6 is adopted, a slight modification in the sheet taking devices by which the sheets are handled may be 2 advantageously used. As shown, one of each of the pairs of cutting cylinders is provided with sheet taking pins l3, 14, which transfer the cut products to pins 15 on the collecting and folding cylinders.

These folding and collecting cylinders are, as shown three-part collecting cylinders, as heretofore described, and are providedwith folding blades 16 cooperating with nipping jaws 11 in cylinders 51, BI, 65 and 69. '30- The transfer cylinder II and the associating cylinder 10 are provided with the usual sheet taking devices in the form of long and short grippers 18; The parts of the mechanism may be supportedin suitable framing and driven in any suit- 5- able manner, the drive forthe press and other mechanism having been omitted for the sake of clearness, and as unnecessary for an understanding of the invention.

Various modifications in the construction and sociated without collecting, or some may be collected and others not collected, and the number of collections in each group may be varied, by proper arrangement and timing of the collecting mechanism, where used.

While, furthermore, in both constructions descrlbed above the products from each web are folded before being associated with the other products, it is within the scope of this invention to cut and collect the cut sheets from each web separately without folding them, then associate all of them in the form of loose sheets and fold them afterwards.

It is also within the scope of thisinvention to cut, collect, fold and associate the various products as described above and give the total prodnot an additional fold before delivering.

It is also within the scope of this invention, by a suitable arrangement of web guides, to combine the ribbons from all webs into a series of groups, without keeping the ribbons from each web separate; out, collect and fold each group separately and then associate the products of all the groups. 5

Certain of these modifications have been shown in Figures 7 and 8.

Figure 7 shows a modification of the associating mechanism illustrated in Figures 1, 2 and 3. In this arrangement, the products associated by and on the associating cylinder 45 are not delivered directly to apacker box, but are given an additional fold beforedelivery. While this fold can be either longitudinal or transversejFigure 7 shows a longitudinal folding mechanism embodying-a chopper blade 19 and a pair of folding roilers 80, to which the associated products areforwarded from the cylinder 45 by means offorwarding rollers BI, 82, 83, 8.4-and 85. From the folding rollers 80, the folded productsare delivered to a packer box 86.

Figure 8 shows another modification of the use sociating mechanisms which may be used. In this arrangement, the product groups are'not folded before being associated, but are forwarded to the associating cylinder in the form of groups of unfolded sheets. After these groups of sheets are associated, they are given one or more folds, longitudinally or transversely, as desiredyan'd are then delivered.

As illustrated in Figure 8, the ribbons ,W are cut by a pair of cutting cylinders 91, 88 and then forwarded to a collecting cylinder 89; in a simillar' manner ribbons W are cut by a pair of cutting cylinders 90, 9| and forwarded to a collecting cylinder 92, and ribbons W are cut by a pair of cutting cylinders 93, 94 and forwarded to a collecting cylinder 95. These collecting cylinders 89, 92 and 95 collect the products in the same manner as described above, but when non-collected products arehandled function merely as transfer cylinders. I

From these collecting cylinders, the products are taken by an associating cylinder 96 provided with sets of longand short grippers 91 and operating substantially as previously described. The associating cylinder 96 is also provided with tucking blades 98 cooperating with jaws 99 in a folding cylinder I00, by means of /which 'the associated products are given a transverse fold" before being forwarded to a belt delivery ilfll.

It will be seen that with the construction shown and described a very efficient printing and associating mechanism has been produced which is capable of producing a wide range of products and assembling the signatures making up these products in any desired predetermined relation, and

" that, furthermore, the mechanism can be arranged to occupy a relatively small space. It will be understood, however, that the mechanisms shown and described have been selected as illustrative of the invention only, and that theseparticular arrangements and the particular con struction of the various mechanisms may be varied within certain limits withoutdeparting from the invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In an associating mechanism, the combination of means for producing a plurality of products having differing characteristics, a plurality of cutting, mechanisms, one foreach kind of product, a plurality of collecting cylinders, one for each kind of product, transfer and folding cylinders, one for each collecting cylinder, and an associating cylinder common to all the folding cylinders by which all the products from the folding cylinders may be associated in a predetermined relation.-

2. In an associating mechanism, the combination of means for producing a plurality of prod-' ucts having differing characteristics, a plurality of cuttingmechanisms, one for each kind of 1 product, to which the products may be guided in a predetermined relation, a plurality of collect- "i'ii'gcylinders, one for each cutting mechanism,

transferand folding cylinders, one for each collecting cylinder, an associating cylinder receiving certain of the products directly from the fold ing cylinders, and a transfer cylinder receiving products from certain of the folding cylinders and transferring such products to the associating cylinder.

, 3. In a printing and associating mechanism,

the combination of a machine capacitated to print on four webs to produce differing products,

ucts having different characteristics, a plurality 20 of cutting cylinders, two coacting cutting cylinders being provided for each kind of product, an associating cylinder separate from-the cutting cylinders and common to all the cutting cylinders to which the products are forwarded and associated 25 in a predetermined relation, and means for transversely folding the products before association. and a cylinder coacting with the associating cylinder to transversely fold the products after association. 30

5. In an associating mechanism, the combination of means for producing a plurality of products having different characteristics, a plurality of cuttingmechanisms, one such mechanism being provided for each kind of product, an asso- 85 ciating cylinder separate from and common to allthe cutting mechanisms to which the products are forwarded and associated in a predetermined relation, means for folding the products transversely before association, and a cylinder coact- 40 ing with the associating cylinder to transversely fold all or selected products afterassociation.

6. In an associating mechanism, the combination of means for producing a plurality of products having-different characteristics, a plurality 45 of cutting "mechanisms, a plurality of collecting mechanisms, onelcutting and one collecting mechanism being provided for each kind of product, an associating cylinderseparate from and common to all the cutting and collecting mechanisms 5 to which the products are forwarded and associated in a predetermined relation, and means for transversely folding the. products before association, and a cylinder coasting with the associating cylinder to fold all or selected products after association. I

7. Ina printing and associating mechanism, the combination of means for producing a plurality of products having different characteristics. a plurality of cutting mechanisms, one such 50 mechanism being provided for each kind of prodnot, an associating mechanism separate from and common to all the cutting mechanisms to which the products are forwarded and associated in a predetermined relation, and a collecting and a5 transfer cylinder coacting with the associating mechanism for transversely folding the products before association.

8. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of means for producing a plurality of products having different characteristics,

a plurality of groups of cutting, collecting and folding cylinders, each group containing a folding cylinder coactingly engaged with a separate and common associating cylinder and adapted to v transversely fold the products prior to association, and other means connected to and coacting with the said associating cylinder for effecting a further folding of products after association.

9. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing machine capacitated to print a. plurality of webs to produce different products, means for dividing each web into separate ribbons, means for associating the ribbons of each web, a cutting and collecting mechanism for the associated ribbons of each web, and an associating cylinder separate from and common to all the cutting and collecting mechanisms by which all the products therefrom may be associated in predetermined relation.

10. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing machine capacitated toprint a pluralityof webs to produce different products, means for dividing each web into 1 separate ribbons, means for associating the ribbons of each web, a cutting, collecting and folding mechanism for the associated ribbons of each web, and an associating cylinder separate from and common to all the cutting, collecting and folding mechanisms by which all the products therefrom may be associated in predetermined relation.

11. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing mechanism capacitated to print a plurality of webs to produce different products, means for dividing each web into separate ribbons, means for associating the ribbons of each web, a cutting mechanism for simultaneously cutting the ribbons of each web, a collecting and folding mechanism for the ribbons of each web, and an associating cylinder separate from and common to and coacting with all the folding mechanisms by which all the products therefrom may be associated in predetermined relation.

12. The method of producing associated printed products, which consists in separately printing each web of a plurality of webs, dividing each web into separate ribbons, associating the ribbons of each web in superposed relation, simultaneously cutting the ribbons of each web, fold ing the ribbons of each web, and associating all the folded ribbons of all the webs by a separate and common instrumentality.

13. The method of producing associated printed products, which consists in separately printing each web of a plurality of webs, dividing each web into separate ribbons, associating the ribbons of each web in superposed relation, simultaneously cutting the ribbons of each web, collectingand folding the ribbons of each web, and associating all the folded ribbons of all the webs by a separate and common instrumentality.

14. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing machine capacitated to print a plurality of webs to produce different products, means for dividing each web into separate ribbons, separate means for asso- 5 ciating the ribbons of each web, separate cooperating cutting cylinders for simultaneously cut- 7 ting'the ribbons of each web into sheets, a separate collecting cylinder for collecting the sheets cut from the ribbons of each web, a separate 10 folding cylinder for folding the sheets cut from theribbons of each web, and a separate common associating cylinder for associating in predetermined relation the sheets cut from the ribbons of all of the webs. I 15. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing machine capacitated to print a plurality of webs to produce different products, means for dividing each web into separate ribbons, separate meansfor associating the ribbons of each'web, separate cooperating cutting cylinders for simultaneously cutting the ribbons of each web into sheets, a separate collecting cylinder for collecting the sheets cut from theribbons of each web, a separate common associating cylinder for associating in predeter mined relation the sheets cut from the ribbons of all of the webs, and a folding mechanism for folding all the sheets associated by the common associating cylinder. I

16. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing machine capacitated to print a plurality of webs to produce different products, means for dividing each web into separate ribbons, means for associating the 85 ribbons of each web, separate cooperating cutting cylinders for simultaneously cutting the ribbons of each web into sheets, a separate collecting cylinder for collecting the sheets cut from the ribbons of each web, a separate folding mechanism for transversely folding the sheets cut from the ribbons of each web, a separate common associating cylinder for-associating in predetermined relation the sheets cut from the ribbons of all the webs; and a folding mechanism for longitudinally folding all the sheets associated by the common associating cylinder.

17. In a printing and associating mechanism, the combination of a printing machine capacitated to print a plurality of webs to produce different products, means for. dividing each web into separate ribbons, means for associating the ribbons of each web, separate collecting and folding mechanisms for the ribbons of each web,

7 and a separate associating cylinder common to all the collecting and folding mechanisms for associating all the products from the webs.

, ADOLPH M. ZUCKERMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2487404 *May 10, 1945Nov 8, 1949Hoe & Co RMechanism for multifolding printed webs
US4349185 *Jul 21, 1980Sep 14, 1982Paper Converting Machine CompanyFolding apparatus
US5320334 *Jun 23, 1992Jun 14, 1994Deangelis Andrew VMethod of printing a book having pages of newsprint and pages of coated enamel pages
US5547225 *Dec 16, 1993Aug 20, 1996Deangelis; Andrew V.Printing method and apparatus
US5749567 *Mar 27, 1996May 12, 1998Deangelis; Andrew V.Printing method and apparatus
US6832886Jul 27, 2001Dec 21, 2004C. G. Bretting Manufacturing Co., Inc.Apparatus and method for stacking sheets discharged from a starwheel assembly
US6877740Jul 30, 2003Apr 12, 2005C.G. Bretting Manufacturing Company, Inc.Starwheel feed apparatus and method
US7219887Apr 12, 2005May 22, 2007C.G. Bretting Manufacturing Company, Inc.Starwheel feed apparatus and method
US7364398Nov 23, 2004Apr 29, 2008C.G. Bretting Manufacturing Company, Inc.Apparatus and method for stacking sheets discharged from a starwheel assembly
US7470102Sep 27, 2002Dec 30, 2008C.G. Bretting Manufacturing Co., Inc.Apparatus and method for insertion of separating means into a forming stack of sheets discharged from a starwheel assembly
USRE42267Jun 29, 2007Apr 5, 2011C.G. Bretting Manufacturing Company, Inc.Starwheel feed apparatus and method
WO1995009733A1 *Oct 7, 1993Apr 13, 1995Andrew V DeangelisMulti-colored book printing method and apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification270/11, 270/44, 270/14, 270/48
International ClassificationB65H39/02, B65H39/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65H39/02
European ClassificationB65H39/02