|Publication number||US2018343 A|
|Publication date||Oct 22, 1935|
|Filing date||Oct 19, 1932|
|Priority date||Oct 27, 1931|
|Publication number||US 2018343 A, US 2018343A, US-A-2018343, US2018343 A, US2018343A|
|Inventors||Bienfait Henri, Willem Leendert Carolus V Zwet|
|Original Assignee||Rca Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (22)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
00L 22, 1935. H BlENFAl-r AL 2,018,343
ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME Filed 0G12.l 19, 1932 N07* FEEEU FRU/1 O/DES 02 arf/Efe Manu conm/NDS (caPPf/a azz/Nc) PART/CLES ffl/([0 MTH //vD/NG Ala-mrs INVENTORS HENRI BIENFAIT AND W.L. ET BY l, ww ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 22, 1935 UNITED STATES vPATENT OFFICE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR AND METHOD 0F f MAKING THE SAME of Delaware Application October 19, 1932, Serial No. 638,4'l8 In the Netherlands October 27, 1931 4 Claims.
This invention relates to electrical conductors which comprise a core, preferably non-conducting, and coated with an electrically conducting layer, and also to the method of providing such layers.
It has been found that the diiculties which may be encountered and which have often been encountered, when coating bodies with electrically conducting layers, may be avoided in a simple and eflicient manner by making use of the present invention, according to which a body, for instance an electric device, is provided for this purpose with an electrically con-ducting layer, which layer contains an organic binding agent and in addition a finally divided metal, the surface of which is free of oxides and other nonconducting metal compounds such that the conductivity is practically not reduced by them. It has turned out that the cause of the failure of the efforts made for providing electrically conducting layers consisting of a binding agent mixed with a. finely divided metal, must often be ascribed to the fact that the metals present in the binding agent either lose their conductivity during operation of the devices or do not possess at all this conductivity when these finely divided metals are used for this purpose in the form in which they are on the market. By means of the invention bodies may be obtained which are provided with electrically conducting layers retaining their conductivity even at high temperatures.
In the drawing forming a part of this application, Figs. 1 and 2 illustrate, respectively. longitudinal and transverse cross-sectional views ofy a composite electrical conductor, according to one form of the invention, and Fig. 3 is a view similar zo Fig. 2 showing another form of the invenion.
In Figs. 1 and 2 an electrically conducting layer l is applied onto an insulating body 2 by mixing a iinely divided metal entirely free of oxides and other nonconducting compounds with an organic binding agent and by subsequently depositing it on the body, for instance, by spraying. Before being mixed with the binding agent the surface of the nely divided metal may be liberated from oxides and other nonconducting compounds. However, it is also possible as suggested above to coat a metal, which is not entirely de-v prived from oxides and other compounds before being mixed with the binding agent, with a nobl er metal by adding. a solution of a salt of the latter.
In Fig. 3 an electrically conducting layer 3 containing metal particles consisting internally of a second metal which need not be free o oxides and other metal compounds, is applied onto a nonconductive core member 4. It has proved to be advantageous to use silver for the outer metal and to use copper or zinc for the inner metal. particles of copper or zinc are coated with silver, as for example, by silver plating.
The invention which, as stated above, may be more particularly used in electric devices, for instance in electric discharge tubes, has many advantages. In the first place conductive layers are obtained. For this purpose it is possible to start from finely divided metals mixed with one of the known organic binding agents. Furthermore the electrically conducting layer may be 15 applied on to the body at room temperature. Due to this the invention has a very important advantage over the known Schoops method in which heating of the body together with'all drawbacks inherent thereto is unavoidable. Moreover, the 20 method according to the invention is` much simpler and, as regards the means for carrying it out, cheaper than the methods of the prior art. Furthermore .the layer maybe provided in one operation on bodies consisting of ceramic 25 material having a smooth surface, for instance, glass, whereas with the metal spraying method referred to above, a lacquer layer must initially Y be provided in order that the metal sufficiently adheres. 30
The invention will be more clearly understood by the following examples which describe some methods of providing conductive layers according to the invention.
25 gr. of copper powder is treated with 25 cc. 55 of water in which mg. of concentrated sulfuric acid is contained. 'Ihe suspension is sucked off, washed out with alcohol, mixed with 50 cc. of an organic binding agent consisting of 10 gr. of collodion, 5 gr. of ester gum and 5 grams of 40 dibutylphthalate, in 100 cc. of a solvent, for instance, amylacetate. The suspension thus obtained is applied on to the body in a suitable manner, for instance, by spraying. In this manner a good conducting layer is formed on the body. Instead of the above mentioned binding against good results have been obtained with usual commercial nitro-cellulose lacquers.
i The method according to the invention may also be carried out in the following manner: 25 5o gr. of copper powder is suspended in water, to which a solution is added containing 25 gr.` of
' silver in form of sodium silver-cyanide. The suspension thusobtained is sucked off, washed out will! alcohol and ether and dried in a vacuum u In other words, the nely divided 5 desiccator. The powder thus obtained is mixed with 50 cc. of an organic binding agent, as indicated above.
After thissuspension has been applied for instance, by spraying on to a nonconducting body an admirabily conducting layer is formed, whose conductivity does practically notl decrease even at high temperatures, and which, moreover, is proof against atmospheric inuences.
The conductivity of the coating made with the pure metal powder prepared according to the present invention is very much greater than that of a similar coating made with commercial metal powder. We have found for example that a sheet of 10 cm. in length and 1 cm. in width prepared according to the present invention possesses a resistance of 5 ohms, Whereas the same sheet of commercial metal powder possesses a resistance of more than 10,000 ohms.
What we claim is:
1. A composite electrical conductor comprising a solid non-conducting core member and a uniform firmly adherent coating of high conductivity, said coating comprising nely divided ing a, solid non-conducting core member and a l0 uniform rmly adherent coating of high conductivity, said coating comprising finely divided silver coated zinc particles mixed with an organic binding agent.
4. The method of producing an electrically l5 conducting coating on a solid non-conducting core member, which consists in suspending finely divided metal particles in a solution containing silver-cyanide, washing out and drying the suspension, mixing the particles thus obtained with 20 an organic binding agent, and then uniformly spraying the mixture on to the core member.
HENRI BIENFAIT. WILLEM LEENDERT CARGLUS VAN ZWET.
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|US4908740 *||Feb 9, 1989||Mar 13, 1990||Hudgins Richard D||Integral composite structure with predetermined electrically conductive networks and method for producing same|
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|US20090297697 *||May 29, 2008||Dec 3, 2009||Burgess Lester E||Silver doped white metal particulates for conductive composites|
|US20120073859 *||Mar 29, 2012||Freescale Semiconductor, Inc||Polymer core wire|
|WO2009148523A2 *||May 26, 2009||Dec 10, 2009||Burgess Lester E||Silver doped white metal particulates for conductive composites|
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|U.S. Classification||428/381, 29/DIG.390, 428/560, 428/937, 427/217, 428/673, 427/216, 256/10, 174/126.4, 428/570, 106/403, 428/565, 427/123, 174/102.0SC, 174/131.00A, 252/514, 427/117|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B1/00, Y10S428/937, Y10S29/039|