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Publication numberUS2019159 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 29, 1935
Filing dateJun 23, 1932
Priority dateJun 23, 1932
Publication numberUS 2019159 A, US 2019159A, US-A-2019159, US2019159 A, US2019159A
InventorsSaunders Walter S
Original AssigneeAmerican Forging And Socket Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Seat adjusting mechanism
US 2019159 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 29, 1935.

w. s. SAUNDERS SEAT ADJUSTING MECHANISM Filed June 25, 1952 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 WZZer S. S'azuz Zens Oct. 29, 1935. w, s SAUNDERS SEAT ADJUSTING MECHANISM Filed June 23, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 fl alfers.

1935- w.s. SAUNDERS 2,0 9,159

SEAT ADJUSTING MECHANISM Filed June 25, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 74 222? ssaunczens ATTORNEYS INVENTOR Oct. 29, 1935.

W. S. SAUNDERS SEAT ADJUSTING MECHANISM Filed June 23, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 ATTORNEYS w. s. SAUNDERS 2,019,159

SEAT ADJUSTING MECHANISM Filed June 23, 1932 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 n| lllll llllunl r E gm.

Oct. 29, 1935.

, Patented & Oct. 29, 1935' UNI-TE STATES Fic 2,019,159 SEAT ADJUSTING MECHANISM Application June 23, 1932, Serial No. 618,980

6 Claims.

This invention relates to seat adjusting mechanisms, and more particularly to improved devices adapted to slidably support the seats of vehicles as well as lock the same in desired posi- 6 tions, to enable adjustment of the positioning thereof to suit the comfort or convenience of diiferent occupants. Among the importantflobjects of this invention are the provision of such a seat adjusting mechanism which is of very to simple and inexpensive yet rugged construction,

works easily no matter what the load on the seat may be, and is easily manipulatable.

Another important object of this invention is the provision of such a seat adjusting mechanism i5 incorporating simple but positive locking means preventing any possibility of movement of the seat except when the same is released by the operator.

Another object of the invention is the provision 59 in such an adjusting device incorporating such positive locking means, of means whereby the locking mechanism may easily be released by the operator with the use of only one hand or foot, and whereby the locking mechanism immediately springs to locked position upon being released by the operator.

Still another object of my invention is the provision in such a seat adjusting mechanism of an improved anti-friction roller arrangement F9 upon which the seat slides, which is so arranged that the rollers are held against displacement or an undesired degree of movement in a noveland effective manner, yet provide a practically frictionless support which enables easy sliding 35 of the seat.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description wherein reference is made to the accompanying drawings illustrating preferred embodiments of my invention, and wherein similar reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the several views.-

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a simplified plan view, and Figure? Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view taken longitudinally through such a unit installed, frag! mentarily showing a vehicle seat and fioor and substantially corresponding to a section taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 1 and looking in the 5 direction of the arrows;

Figure 6 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 6-6 of Figure 4 and looking in the direction of the arrows;

Figure 7 is an end elevational view taken looking inthe direction indicated by the line and arrows"li of Figure 4;

Figure 8 is a detail sectional view taken -substantially on the line 8--8 of Figure 4 and looking in the direction of the arrows;

Figure 9 is a perspective view of one of my improved roller assemblies showing the same disassembled;

Figure 10 is an end elevational view of a some-.-

what modified form of my invention;

Figuresll, 13, 15, 1'7, 19 and 21 are fragmentary plan views, similar to Figure 4, of various modified forms of roller mechanisms not incorporating locking devices Figures 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 and 22 are transverse sectional views, each taken substantially on the line designated by corresponding figures in the views-immediately preceding, and looking in the direction .of the arrows;

Figure 23-is a simplified plan view similar to Figure 1. of the. interior of a vehicle incorporating slidable seat supports and locking mechanisms constructed according to a somewhat modified form of my invention;

Figure 24 is a side view of the interior of the body, similar to Figure 2;

Figure 25 is a perspective view of the modified locking mechanism incorporated in this form of my invention;

Figure 26 is a side elevational view of such locking mechanism installed, fragmentarily showing a vehicle seat and floor;

Figure-27 is an end view thereof taken looking toward the front of the seat, and

Figure 28 is a plan view diagrammatically showing another somewhat modified form of my invention and the method of its installation.

Referring now to the drawings Reference character 30 designates the closed body of a motor vehicle. Since the body construction forms no part of my invention, no attempt has been made to show or describe it in detail. That represented in the drawings is of the sedantype, having front and rear seats 3l, 32 extending substantially entirely across the body. It. has

channeled members 33-34 respectively.

become increasingly common practice to provide means for adjusting the positioning of. such seats forwardly and rearwar ly, and particularly is it desirable to provide such adjusting means in connection with the front or driver's seat. My preferred mechanism for accomplishing this purpose incorporates therein means for so slidably supporting the adjustable seat or seats that when the inbuilt locking device is freed by moving a releasing lever, the seat is very easily slidable in either direction within the flxed limits, while when the operator releases the handle lever it immediately returns to locked position.

In the construction shown in Figures 3 to 10 inclusive, the device comprises upper and lower opposed channel members 33-34, the former of which is adapted to be secured to the bottom 35 of the seat 3|, as by screws 36, (note Figure 5) while the latter may be similarly secured to the floor of the vehicle, as by screws 31. Each channeled member carries laterally extending marginal flanges 38, 39, 40, 4|, while in the raceway formed by the opposed channeled portions are arranged roller members, generally designated 42, which are of such diameter that the channeled members, including their marginal flange portions, are thereby held slightly spaced from one another. In the form shown in these views, each unit incorporates two roller assemblies, each of 'which is divided into interfltting male and female portions 43-44, the former carrying the axially projecting pin 45 which the latter is bored to receive. and upon the pin 45 is arranged a toothed guide wheel 46. The root diameter of the toothed wheel 46 is preferably less than the diameter of the roller sections 43-44, so that it bears no weight, while the teeth project therefrom and engage a series of perforations- 41-48 spaced correspondingly to the teeth in the upper and lower The engagement of the teeth of the guide wheel 46 in the apertures will be seen to limit as well as insure the proper movement of the rollers, and to also prevent their displacement, without interfering with the freely rolling support which they provide between the channeled members 33-34. As best shown in Figures 6, 7 and 8, no sliding or rubbing engagement whatever is permitted between the channeled members, the rollers being of suflicient diameter to hold the flanges, as well as the body portions, spaced from each other.

' The seat is as a result very easily movable when the locking mechanism is released. Nuts 5fl-5l for engagement with the bolts 36-31 may be used instead of simple screw fastening means, secured in suitable apertures in the channeled members, as best shown in Figure 6.

Usually two such slidable seat supports comprising opposed channels and contained rollers are required to slidably support each seat, and th one or both may be incorporated locking means for preventing undesired relative sliding of the upper channel and so movement of the seat. One suitable method whereby such locking means may be provided is shown in Figures 3 to 8 inclusive, and comprises a series of locking or detent teeth 52 formed along one edge of one of the flanges, as the flange 40 carried by the lower member. Pivoted upon the opposite upper flange 38 is-a lock-releasing lever 53 of U-like, channeled cross-section, the sides of which embrace the flanges 38-40, while a cross pin 54 carried thereby constitutes a looking or detent member adapted to engage theriieeth 52 to pre- Between the sections 43-44 rather than by channeling the racemembers.

vent relative movement of the upper channeled member 33. The locking lever 53 is normally urged inwardly toward the full line position of Figure 4, in which the detent pin engages the teeth, by the torsion spring 55, wrapped about the pivot pin 56 of the locking lever and hooked at one extremity over the outer bight portion of the channeled lever, while its other extremity is hooked in an aperture in the side of the race member, as shown in Figure 4. The flange 38 of the upper race channeled member, to which the lever is pivoted, is of course notched in alignment with the pin 54, to permit suflicient inward movement of the pin and lever to allow the pin to engage in the spaces between detaining notches 52.. The outer end of the releasing lever may carry an upwardly extending handle portion 51. It will be seen that by merely moving this lever, against the tension of the spring 55, to the position shown in dotted lines in Figure 4, 20 the pin 54 may be moved to clear the detaining teeth or notches 52, thereby releasing the upper channel section and permitting free sliding movement of the seat. To limit the sliding movement of the upper and lower sections 33-34, as well as to hold them together, the retaining and stop blocks 58 carried by one of the flanges, here shown as the upper flange 39, may project into a slot 59 formed in the opposed, lower flange 4| the edge of which they also overhang to prevent separation of the raceways. The ends of the slot serve to limit the movement of the upper section by engagement with the stop blocks.

In Figure 10 I have shown a somewhat modified construction in which the flanges 4ll'-4l of the lower section are elongated and bent downwardly to form supporting legs or brackets 60 adapted to somewhat raise the seat supported by the device from the floor. The construction of the upper channeled member 33' and the 40 other portions of the device may be similar to that shown in connection with the first described embodiment, and equivalent portions of the mechanism will be seen to have been given like reference characters in this view, with the addi- 45 tion of prime exponents.

As shown inFigures 11 and 12, the upper and lower members 33 -34 which provide the races for the rollers, may be of angular rather than channel cross sectional form, and provided with 50 flanges 39 engaging in overhanging retainers 38 -40 'I'he'roller assembly, generally designated 42*, may be of similar form. In Figures 13 and 14 I have shown a similar but oppositely arranged mechanism to that shown in Figures 11 and 12, the parts of which are similarly designated, but with the use of cube instead of square exponents. It will be seen that one each of such units couldbe used, adjacent each end of a seat, and if desired the portions 33 -33 might be formed of continuous sheet metal stock.

In Figures 15 through 22 are shown embodiments of my invention incorporating variant roller constructions, in all ofwhich, however, the rollers are retained by forming flanges upon 65 their ends to give them a spool-like contour In the embodiments shown in Figures 15 and 16, central guiding projecting teeth I 46 are formed integrally upon the middle of the spool-like roller 46 while the upper and lower plates 33 -34 are formed each with a longitudinally extending ridge (l33 -l34 adapted to engage the central cylindrical portion of the roller, and perforated as at 41 for engagement with -the guiding teeth as by-the headed pin or rivet 45 In these embodiments the stop member limiting the relative travel of the upper and lower plates and preventing their separation comprises a stop block I58 centrally carried by the lower member and projecting. through a longitudinally extending slot I59 in the central portion of the upper member, above which it is formed with overhanging edges.

In Figures 19 to 22 inclusive the guiding toothed portions are carried by the end flanges of the spool-like rollers, two such sets of toothed guides and cooperating perforations being used for each roller instead of one. In the embodiments shown in Figures 19 and 20 the toothed guidefwheels 46 are formed integrally upon the ends of the roller 42, and engage two series of perforations 41 one formed in each flange. In the embodiment shown in Figures 21 and 22 the toothed guide wheels 46 are secured upon the endsof the cylindrical roller 32 by riveting, as at 45". Otherwise the construction will be seen to be similar to that oi Figures 19 and 20, save for the use of rectangular rather than round guide periorations 41", which is of course a matter of selection.

Rather than forming the locking mechanism and roller supporting mechanism as a unit, I may provide an independent locking device,

whichmay be arranged beneath the middle of the seat if desired. This locking device may be independent of the slide members, which may be of any one of the constructions heretofore described. In Figure 23 the slidable supportsare generally designated I65, and the locking device,

shown best in Figures 25 to 27 inclusive, comprises a catch plate I66 secured as by screws to the floor I34 of the vehicle (note Figure 26), while to the underside of the baseboard of the seat I3I is secured a bracket I61 in whose downturned ends I61 is journaled a rod I68, the end of which is laterally bent as at I69 to form a handle, while its central portion, between the downturned ends of the bracket, rigidly carries another plate I10 projecting substantially radially therefrom, the slots I" in which substantially conform in width to the thickness of the upturned edge I66 of the catch plate or bracket I66. When the toothed plate is in the position in which it is shown in Figures 25 and 26, and in full lines in Figure 27, so that one of the notches engages the straight portion of the upturned edge I66 of the catch plate I66, such engagement will be seen to prevent movement of the seat, while when, the plate I16 is swung by means of the handle I69 to the position in which these-members are shown in dotted lines in Figure 27, the plate I1ll clears the catch plate, and so frees the seat to enable its sliding movement, A portion of the upturned edge I66 of the catch plate,

as I12, is laterally bent to form an abutment preventing swinging of the plate I10 past vertical position in one direction, and the swinging plate is urged toward the abutment by the torsion spring I13, which acts upon the rod I66 and against the resistance of which the handle and plate are swung to released position. The spring of course serves to return the plate I10 to latching positionas soon as the handle is released.

' If it is desired to employ a locking mechanism of the type described in connection with the first embodiment, and still to utilize a centrally posi tioned releasing lever, suitable-linkage mechanism may be provided for operating the mechanism by means of a centrally disposed lever. One such means is clearly illustrated in Figure 28, which shows two latching mechanisms, each hav- 5 ing a shorter locking lever I53,- one carried by the inner flanged portions of each slidable support. Each lever I53 must be pulled out about its fulcrum pin I56 to the dotted line position. to release the locking mechanism, in a manner 10 analagous to the operation of the handle lever 53 described-in connection with Figures 4 and 5.

The operating lever I51 is pivoted to the underside of the seat, as upon the pin I14, and to the lever upon opposite sides of the fulcrum are piv- 15 otally secured links I15, one extending and pivotally secured to each lever I53, in such manner that by moving the handle in the direction indicated by the arrow I16, to the dotted line position of Figure 28, the levers I53 are pulled lateral- 20 1y far enougl to release the latching mechanisms and permit sliding of the seat. It is believed that the method of operation of this form of my invention will be clearly understood, since as shown in the drawings, the roller. mechanisms, generally 25 designated I11, may be constructed in a manner substantially identical to that shown and described in connection with the first embodiment.

A single tension spring, as I55, acting upon the handle lever I51, may, if desired, be employed either in place of torsion springs of the type shown in connection with that embodiment, or to augment their effect.

While it will be apparent that the illustrated embodiments of my invention herein disclosed are well calculated to adequately fulfill the objects and advantages primarily stated, it is to be understood that the invention is susceptible to variation, modification and change within the spirit and scope of the subjoined claims. 40

What I claim is: I Y

1. In apparatus for slidably supporting a seat and for locking the same in desired positions, in combination with oppositely positioned race members having interposed anti-friction bearing means, laterally projecting substantially parallel flanges carried by the race" members and having adjacent free edges, locking means comprising a lever pivoted on one flange adjacent its edge, a locking detent portion carried by the lever, and a cooperating detent portion carried by the edge of the other flange and engageable by the detent portion of he lever.

2. In a sliding and locking seat support, in combination with a pairof opposed and relatively slidable channeled race members having interposed anti-friction means, a flange projecting from one side of one race member, a similarly projecting flange extending from the same side of the otherrace member, said flanges lying close to each other and havingadjacent free edges, and

locking means for preventing relative movement of the races comprising a channeled lever pivoted to one flange and adapted to fit over both flanges, and cooperating detent means carried by the lever 5 and the other flange engageable and disengagechanneled portions beingarranged in opposed relation and the flanges adjacent each other, antifriction bearing means interposed between said channeled portions, a locking portion carried by one flange, and a locking element movably supported by the adjacent flange and engageable and disengageable with respect to said locking portion.

4. In apparatus for slidably supporting a seat and for locking the same in desired positions, in

combination with oppositely positioned sheet metal race members of channeled form and provided with marginal flanges arranged adjacent each other, anti-friction bearing means interposed between said channeled race portions, a locking element pivotally carried by one of said flange portions, and a plurality of abutment portions carriedby the adjacent flange portion and engageable and disengage'able by the locking ele ment.

5. Apparatus as described in claim 4 characterized by the fact that the locking element comprises a sheet metal element folded to lie on opposite sides of said flange portions to prevent separation thereof.

6. In apparatus for slidably supporting a seat and for locking the same in desired positions, in combination with oppositely positioned sheet metal race members of channeled form and provided with marginal flanges arranged adjacent each other, bearing means interposed between said channeled race portions, a locking element pivotally carried by one of said flange portions, abutment means carried by the adjacent flange portion and engageable and disengageable by the locking element, said locking element comprising a sheet metal member folded to lie on opposite sides of said flange portions to prevent separation thereof when said element is in at least one position, and biasing means urging said element toward locked position.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2695655 *Aug 10, 1948Nov 30, 1954No Sag Spring CoSeat construction embodying a deflectable frame reinforced by springs
US4072343 *Dec 27, 1976Feb 7, 1978Caterpillar Tractor Co.Reversible and adjustable bilevel seat for dual-purpose vehicle
US4824173 *Aug 12, 1986Apr 25, 1989Mazda Motor CorporationAutomobile rear seat
US5707110 *Aug 9, 1996Jan 13, 1998Ford Global Technologies, Inc.Position marking arrangement
US6241209Feb 4, 1999Jun 5, 2001Freightliner LlcSeat support
US6286819Feb 4, 1999Sep 11, 2001Freightliner Corporation LlcVibration damper with latch
US6340152Feb 4, 1999Jan 22, 2002Freightliner LlcSeat suspension vibration damper
US6354556Feb 4, 1999Mar 12, 2002Freightliner LlcSeat suspension method
US6371456Feb 4, 1999Apr 16, 2002Freightliner LlcSeat suspension system
US7722068Mar 14, 2005May 25, 2010Radio Flyer Inc.Adjustable seat for a children's ride-on vehicle
US20050206114 *Mar 14, 2005Sep 22, 2005Michelau Frederick JAdjustable seat for a children's ride-on vehicle
U.S. Classification248/430, 297/344.1
International ClassificationB60N2/06, B60N2/07, B60N2/08
Cooperative ClassificationB60N2/0705, B60N2/0825, B60N2/0868, B60N2/0715
European ClassificationB60N2/08L4, B60N2/07C2, B60N2/08M4T, B60N2/07C6