|Publication number||US2020228 A|
|Publication date||Nov 5, 1935|
|Filing date||Nov 13, 1933|
|Priority date||Nov 13, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2020228 A, US 2020228A, US-A-2020228, US2020228 A, US2020228A|
|Inventors||Ashton George B|
|Original Assignee||Victor Chemical Works|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
252. COM POSITIONS.
Patented Nov. 5, 1935 UNITED STATES Cross new.
PATENT OFFICE METHOD OF CLEANING George B. Ashton, Riverside. 111., assignor to Victor Chemical Works, Chicago Heights, 111., a
corporation of Illinois No Drawing. Application November 13, 1933, Serial No. 697,873
This invention relates to an improved method of cleaning and disinfecting milk containers and the like.
Under present dairy practice the milk containers, which are generally glass-lined, are cleansed and disinfected in two separate and distinct operations. The containers are first washed with a solution of a detergent material and are then disinfected by the application of steam, hot water, or chemicals.
By means of the present invention, the operation is carried out in a single step, and at the same time more complete and permanent disinfection is obtained than with the former method. At the same time an appreciable saving of material is accomplished. Moreover, in the prior processes it was impracticable to use an abrasive material inasmuch as it was practically impossible to remove such abrasive material from the container. In the present process a soluble abrasive detergent is used which later may be dissolved in water and thereby readily removed.
In accordance with the present invention the grossportions of the milk or other impurities are first rinsed from the surface of the container with a stream of water from a hose. The water is allowed to run off so that except for what remains upon the walls of the container there is substantially no water present.
a solid crystalline detergent of germicidal compg igqn preferably one containing available chlorine, and in powdered or crystalline form, is sprinkled'or'bru'shdbve'r the wet surface of the container. The amount of the detergent materialis's'uch as to saturate the water present, and to provide a suflicient excess to form an adherent pas e. 'Iihe entire surface of the container is then scrubbed, generally with a brush, the saturated solution acting as a detergent and a disinfecting agent, and the undissolved material acting as an abrasive. Following the desired amount of scrubbing, the detergent past is left upon the surface of the container, preferably until such time as the container is needed for use again. The composition may then be flushed from the surface with a stream of clean cold water.
Ithas been discovered that bacteria still exist in quantities after the paste has remained upon the alls for a period of one-half hour, but after one hour most of the bacteria have been killed and satisfactory disinfection is accomplished. For ordinary purposes, the paste may be left in contact with the container for l-12 hours, but longer periods may be used where desired. particularly where it is not convenient to refill the container sooner. The presence of the paste upon the walls of the container serves to prevent recontamination of the walls. It is believed that the length of time required to obtain maximum 5 germicidal action is due to the fact that the milk forms a protective coating for the bacteria and that as time passes, the protective layer is either penetrated or dissolved, permitting the chlorine to kill the bacteria.
A preferred chlorine-supplying detergent is described in U. S. patent, No. 1,555,474. This comprises amtri sodium phosphate-sodium lifiiochlorite composition, and a saturated solution of this product is not only an efficient detergent, but is a very effective disinfectant, containing available chlorine to the extent of 5,000 to 10,000 parts per million. Other detergent materials, either combined or mixed with organic or inorganic materials containing available chlorine in suflicient amount to act as an efficient disinfectant, may be used.
For example, tri-sodium phosphate may be... used with sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, soHi'uiii p ara-toluene-sulfo-chloramide,
or the like. Instead of tri-sodium phosphate other detergent compositions such as sodium carbonate, sodium silicate, sodium meta-silicate, borax, sodium meta-phosphate, sodium pyrophosph at e or the like may be used in combinaion with'chlorine-supplying materials.
Instead of adding the detergent in solid form to a wet container, the detergent germicidal composition may be prepared as an aqueous 3 paste and added in this form.
The foregoing detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only, and no unnecessary limitations should be understood therefrom, but the appended claims should be construed as broadly as permissible, in view of tion acts as a detergent, maintaining said paste Examiner in contact with said container for a period of at least one hour, and removing the detergent by dissolving it in water.
2. The method as set forth in claim 1 in which the detergent is a chlorine supplying detergent.
3. The method as set forth in claim 1 in which said detergent material comprises tri sodium phosphate and sodium hypochlorite.
4. The method as set forth in claim 1 in which the detergent comprises an alkali metal detergent and a. chlorine supplying compound.
GEORGE B. ASHTON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2534781 *||May 24, 1945||Dec 19, 1950||Olin Mathieson||Stable lithium hypochlorite composition|
|US2563587 *||Oct 11, 1947||Aug 7, 1951||De Ment Jack||Method for mitigating radioactive contamination|
|US2577514 *||Apr 2, 1947||Dec 4, 1951||De Ment Jack||Method for removal of radioactive contaminants|
|US2689225 *||Nov 23, 1951||Sep 14, 1954||Detergent compositions|
|US2739129 *||Jul 3, 1951||Mar 20, 1956||Henkel & Cie Gmbh||Cleaning composition|
|US3036013 *||Feb 16, 1959||May 22, 1962||Olin Mathieson||Coated calcium hypochlorite and process for making same|
|US3110678 *||May 25, 1960||Nov 12, 1963||Dan Way Corp||Cleaning composition and method of cleaning|
|US3289887 *||Sep 17, 1965||Dec 6, 1966||Colgate Palmolive Co||Dispensing of reactive cleansing materials|
|US4578119 *||Nov 7, 1983||Mar 25, 1986||Marcus David L||Method for clean-up of blood spills|
|US5593339 *||Jan 10, 1995||Jan 14, 1997||Church & Dwight Co., Inc.||Slurry cleaning process|
|US5863883 *||Sep 27, 1996||Jan 26, 1999||Church & Dwight Co., Inc||Slurry cleaning process|
|US5977043 *||Apr 17, 1998||Nov 2, 1999||Howie; Jane B.||Cleaning compound and method of use|
|U.S. Classification||134/7, 510/368, 15/56, 424/665, 510/245, 510/268, 510/511, 451/59, 510/108, 510/369, 510/381, 510/380, 510/218, 134/29|
|International Classification||A23C7/00, A23C7/02|