US 2020287 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 12, 1935.
MANIFOLD BOOK Filed April 5, 1955 .5 1 L f 4 1'7: V 2 I J 7 8 L 9 ./1 EH; 1 4 2 t2 R. M BONN 2,020,287
Patented Nov. 12, 1935 MANIFOLD, BOOK Robert M. Bonn,'Maplewood, N. J., asslgnor to r The Arco Manifolding Co. Inc a corporation of.
New York Application April 3, 1935, Serial No. 14,402
This invention relates to devices for general manifolding purposes, more particularly for manifolding printed business forms. Such devices include/at least, an original sheet, a copy sheet 5 and a carbon sheet therebetwee'n. Printed forms are required in nearly every kind of business. The larger and more complicated and departmentized the business is, the greater is the demand for improved manifolding devices to be used in the form .of units, pads, tablets or bound in book form. Such devices must embody the elements of perfect alinement of forms, easy and quick separation of one form from another form, or separation of one set of forms from another set. They must also embody means for selective manifolding, i. e. that not every item be duplicated on every form. In addition, it is at times required that a certain form be manifolded first as a unit and subsequently divided into smaller units. It is also frequently demanded that the manifolding device be arranged with particular reference -to the preservation ofthe edges of the paper, that is, that certain edges or sides of the paper be bound while other edges remain unbound. Another factor to be considered is that of neatness and cleanliness in handling the forms and of separating the carbons from the printed forms.
manifolding devices embodying certain novel features of construction and arrangement whereby the above and other requirements may be fulfilled. One'object of the invention isto provide a" manifolding device including a plurality of sets of forms so arranged that separation 01 the several setsis indicated automatically and may ,be quickly performed. Other detailed objects of the invention will appear asthis specification printed form. There may be and mostly are several copy'sheets and of course there is a carbon sheet on top of each copy sheet. The original and the copy sheets are preferably of the same size, while the carbon sheets may be of the same size 5 or smaller. The assembling of the carbon sheets with the other sheets, which I may call form sheets because they usually contain printed forms, is done in such a manner that when the form sheets are to be separated for distribution, the carbon 10 sheets are separated together as a unit at one time. This feature is common to all the disclosed forms of the invention herein. In the drawing the form sheets are shown thicker than the carbon sheets for the sake of clearness. All the 15 sheets are shown much thicker than actual dimensions.
Referring now to Figure l, the manifolding unit consists of an original sheet 1 and copy sheets 2 interleaved with carbon sheets 3. The lateral 20 dimensions of the sheets are not disclosed, it being understood that the size of the form sheets is such as will contain whatever printed form is required in a particular business. It will also be understood that the position of the printed form 25 on the sheet is of no importance. The sheets may a 'be assembled in units, books, pads or tablets with It is the object of this invention to provide proceeds while reference is had to the accom' panying drawing in which embodying the features of this invention illustrated in a very simple form. V
Fig. 2 is a similar 'view which includes other' certain features of the invention relating to sep- 45 aration of the forms in more than one operation.
any one of their sides being secured to the correspondirrg sides of the other sheets, and any one side of a sheet may be the head or top. All such particular arrangements depend not upon the invention but upon each specific case. In Figure 1 the sheets are all secured or bound at one edge 4 in any suitable manner and whereby perfect alinement ofthe forms is secured and maintained. 5 The secured edges of the sheets are indicated by double lines throughout the drawing as a matter'of illustration only and not for the purpose of indicating any particular method or means for this purpose. For purposes of separation the 40 form sheets are perforated across the sheet along the. lines 5. Similarly the carbon sheets are per forated along the lines 6 and it will be noted that the carbon sheets are shorter than the form sheets Fig. 3 shows the'manifolding units bound in book form and includes still other novel features.
Figs. 4', 5, 6 and 7 illustrate certain modifications. 50,v Figs. 8 and 9 illustrate how different sets of forms may be quickly separated. I
Each manifolding unit according to this inven tion consists of :an original sheet, a. copy sheet and acarbon sheettherebetween The original 55:, sheet maybe a blank sheet or it may containa which form a projecting margin 1 at their free edges. When the form has been filled in by writ- 'ing by hand or typewriting, all the sheets are torn from the bound edge 4 along the perforated lines. 5 and 6. Consequently the carbon sheets project at the left end in the drawing beyond the form sheets. The operator therefore may seize all the carbon sheet projecting margins with the left hand and all the form' sheet margins 'l with the righthand and remove the carbon sheets i at one time in a single operation. Thereafter the filled-in form sheets may be distributed or otherwise used, while usually the carbon sheets are discarded.
It will be noted that because of the staggered perforated lines 5 and 6, the carbon sheets, when torn away, automatically are caused to project beyond the form sheets and provide a margin to be seized by the operator as will be understood. That portion of the carbon sheets which lies between the lines 4 and 5 may be uncoated if desired, so that the projecting carbon margin does not soil the fingers when the sheets are separated. The uncoated portion is also of advantage in pasting the sheets together if pasting is usedat 4. 7
Figure 2 illustrates a manifolding unit like the one shown in Figure 1 with the additional feature that the form sheets may be separated into groups 8 and 9 by tearing along the perforated line II]. The carbon sheets have corresponding off set perforated lines at I I. The perforations II are made so as to provide greater resistance to the tearing operation than the perforations 5. Consequently the operator is enabled to tear ofi the entire unit 89 along the lines 5 and 6, and thereafter separate the group 8 from the group 9 by tearing along the lines I!) and II. The carbon sheets may have uncoated strips between the lines If! and II. For the purpose of identification throughout this specification and the claims,
perforations such as I!) will be called strong perforations as distinguished -from weak perforations such as at 5. There need be no difference in the perforations in the carbon paper because the carbon sheets being confined between the other sheets will naturally follow the movements thereof and thus separate first along the perforations 6. However, if desired, the perforations in the carbon sheets may be varied to correspond.
Figure 3 illustrates a plurality of units of the character shown in the preceding figures bound together in book form with certain additional features of construction. In this figure there is a top unit I2 and another unit I3 below the same.
The units are assembled in a pad or into a book by suitable means at I4 and of course there may be any number of units thus assembled one on top of the other. Each unit consists of an original sheet I, copy sheets 2 and carbon sheets 3 as in Figure 1. These sheets are also perforated at 5 and 6 as in Figure 1. In this case the bottom 'copy sheet I5 of each unit is intended to be left as a permanentrecord in the book or pad. Such bottom copy sheet I5 is therefore not perforated at all and it is also shorter than the other sheets so that it will not be seized together with other sheets. It will also be noted'that the carbon sheets in Figure 3 diifer from the carbon sheets in Figure 1 that they are of the-same size as the form sheets and extend clear to the free edges thereof.
The carbon sheets in this case, Figure 3,have
their one corner out off as at I6'as ure 4.
In using the manifolding device in Figure 3 all writing on the original sheet I will be duplicated on the copy sheets 2 and I5 in the uppermost unit I2. Thereafter'the operator separates the unit I2 from the pad or book by tearing along the perforated lines 5 and B as before, but the seen in Figbottom copysheet I5 is. not separated because the operator does not' take'hold of'it; it being shorter, and becausesuchbottom sheet is'not perforated at all. Next; thecarbon sheets are s'eparated bythe operator taking hold of the "projectlng carbon margins at theleft and the upper bonsheets are shown at I9.
corners of the form sheets at the right and pulls the carbons out in a manner easily understood. Then the permanent or remaining bottom copy sheet I5 is turned over to the left. Thereafter the unit I3 is on top ready for use. When the book or pad has been used up so far as manifolding is concerned, there remains a book or pad of permanently assembled records of the manifold operations contained in the bottom copy sheets I5.
In any of the above described units it may be found desirable to bind or secure also the right hand edges of each unit. Figure 5 illustrates such a bound or secured right hand edge of a unit. In this case the form sheets are provided with perforations I'I neartheright hand edges and are secured together at I8. The free edges of the car- Hence, before or after the unit has been separated from its bound edge at 4 as in Figure 1, the margin portions 20 20 of the form sheets are torn off and. finally the carbon sheets separated in a group as 'in'Flgure 1.
Figure 6 is the same as Figure 5 except that here the carbon sheets extend clear to the edges of the form sheets. This may be necessary where one wishes to write clear to the edge of the form sheets or for other reasons. In Figure 6 therefore,'the form sheets have the perforations I1 and the carbon sheets have 011? set perforations at 2|. Hence, when theunit as such has been used separately or has been torn away from the secured edge 4, as in Figure 1, the margins at the other secured edge I8 are torn off along the lines 2I and I1. Thereafter the carbon sheets are removed in a group as before. Figure 7 is like Figure 6 but shows the bottom copy sheet I5, as In Figure 3, being of the same size as the other copy sheets. Hence sheet I5 is also perforated at I1 and its edge secured'to the other sheets at I8. When the margins at I8 are torn off the bottom sheet remains as in Figure 3.
Figure 8 illustrates how the'principle of staggering perforation lines may be used to advantage for the separation of groups or sets of manifolding forms. In this figure the single manlfolding unit consists of two groups of different forms. The uppermost group or set 22 consists of four form sheets 24 and the lower group or set 23 consists of four form' sheets 25. The number of sheets is of course immaterial and two groups or sets may not contain the same number of sheets. There'may be more than two sets in a unit. The form sheets are interleaved with carbon sheets 26. All the sheets are secured together at the one edge 2'! where the form. sheets have perforations at 28 while-the carbon sheets have off set perforations at 29. The free edges of the carbon sheets terminate at 30. The free edges ofthe form sheets have perforations 3| and 32 staggered groupwise as shown.
After the manifolding common to all theforms in this unit has been done; the operator first tears 01f the free edges of'the form sheets along the perforations 3| and 32 as seen in Figure 9 5 where the portions marked 33 indicate the torn off margins or edges of the form sheets. When these have been removed there is immediately and automatically disclosed a difference in width' or length between the sheets in the two groups 70 toinsure that all the sheets which belong in one 15 I like opening a book and thus separates the two groups. In practice the operator, in lifting the upper group from the lower group, naturally takes hold of the fourth lowest carbon sheet at the bottom of the upper group so that when the lower group is separated there is no carbon sheet on top thereof.
It will also be clear that while the invention is disclosed in its preferred form, changes in the detailed arrangements and alterations may be made without departing from the principle of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.
I claimi 1. A manifolding unit of the character described comprising a plurality of sets of forms all being of the same original size, one of said stub portion of a given dimension, the other set having at the same end a severable stub portion of a different dimension, means for securing the two sets of forms together in registered alined position with the said stub portions in superposed relation and carbon sheets between adjacent forms.
2. A manifolding unit of the character described comprising an upper and a lower set of form sheets of the same original size,the upper form sheets having a severable portion at one end, the lower form sheets having a larger severable portion at the same end, all of said severable portions being adapted to be removed from the'forms sheets by a single tearing operation whereby to automatically disclose that the lower form sheets are longer than the upper form sheets, carbon sheets between all of said sheets, means for securing the carbon sheets and all the form sheets together at the end opposite the first mentioned and of the form sheets, the portions of all the form sheets to which the carbon sheets are secured being severable, the carbon sheets being shorter than the usable portions of all the form sheets.
'3. A manifolding unit of the character de-' scribed including an original sheet, a copy, sheet 0 and a carbon sheet therebetween, all of said sheets being secured together at one end, the
carbon sheet being shorter than the other sheets, sets of forms having at itsone end a severable the original and the copy sheet being of the same size and having severable variably sized stub por- 2 tions at their other ends whereby when said severable variably sized stub portions are removed, the original sheet and the copy sheet will be automatically disclosed as being of different sizes to facilitate separation.
' ROBERT M. BONN.