Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2020726 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1935
Filing dateSep 26, 1933
Priority dateOct 1, 1932
Publication numberUS 2020726 A, US 2020726A, US-A-2020726, US2020726 A, US2020726A
InventorsGeorg Gaidies
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gaseous electric discharge device
US 2020726 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 12, 1935.

G. GAIDIES 2,020,726

GASEOUS ELECTRIC DISCHARGE DEVIGE Filed Sept. 26, 1933 Am 1| [1 v,1 Z '1 i! I u I 1 v 5 M :1 l I w INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 12, 1935 UNITED STATES 2.02am GASEOUS ELECTRIC mscnancr. nsvrca Georg Gaidies, Berlin-Pankow, Germany, assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application September 26, 1933, Serial No. 691,056 In Germany October 1, 1932 beacons or the like.

The object oi the present invention is to provide a high intensity light source. A further object of the invention is to provide a gaseous electric discharge device wherein a discharge of 0 low current density is a high intensity light source. Still further objects and advantages attaching to the device and to its use and operation will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following particular description.

In accordance with these objects the invention comprises a gaseous electric discharge device the container of which has a flattened mid-portion and which device comprises thermionic electrodes at each end thereof and a gaseous atmosphere comprising a metal vapor, such as sodium vapor, in said container. The thermionic electrodes, the sodium vapor and the flattened portion of the container, which sends out a greater proportion of the emitted light in a direction normal to the plane of the greater axes of cross-section of the flattened portion, cooperate so that the device is a high intensity light source of large area.

In the drawing accompanying and forming part of the specification an embodiment of the invention is illustrated in which Fig. 1 is a front elevational view, and

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view Referring to the drawing the new and novel gaseous electric discharge device comprises a container having a flattened mid-portion l and two cylindrically shaped end parts 2 and 3. Electrodes 4 and 5 are sealed into said parts 2 and 3 respectively. Said electrodes 4 and 5 consist of a coiled metal filament, such as a tungsten filament, covered with an electron emitting material, such as barium oxide and is electron emitting when heated. The current leads for said electrodes 4 and 5 are connected to contacts on the bases 6 and 1 respectively attached to the container of said device.

The container has a gaseous filling therein comprising a starting gas, such as neon or argon,

and a metal vapor, such as sodium vapor. The gaseous electric discharge between said electrodes 4 and 5 first takes place in the gas. The heat of the discharge vaporizes the sodium, which is solid at room temperature, and the sodium vapor 5 participates in the discharge during the operation of the device. The light emitted by the gaseous electric discharge device during the op- .-eration thereof is rich in yellow radiations characteristic of the sodium vapor. The luminous discharge is evenly distributed in the flattened portion during the operation of the device.

The thermionic electrodes 4 and 5, the sodium vapor and the flattened part I of the container, which part sends out a large proportion of the light emitted by the gaseous electric discharge ;in a direction normal to the plane of the greater axes of cross-section of the flattened portion, cooperate to make the device a high intensity light source of large area useful in beacon work or the like.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:-

l. A gaseous electric discharge lamp device comprising a container, thermionic electrodes sealed therein, a gaseous atmosphere therein comprising sodium vapor, said container having a flattened mid-portion to direct a large proportion of the light emitted by the gaseous elec- 3o tric discharge between said electrodes in a direction normal to the plane ofthe greater axes of cross-section of the flattened portion of said container whereby an evenly distributed, high intensity light field of large area is emitted. 2. A gaseous electric discharge lamp device comprising a container, thermionic electrodes sealed therein, a gaseous atmosphere therein comprising a starting gas and sodium vapor, said container having a flattened mid-portion to 40 direct a large proportion of the light emitted by the gaseous electric discharge between said electrades in a direction normal to the plane of the greater axes of cross-section of the flattened portion of said container whereby an evenly distributed, high intensity light field of large area is emitted.

GEORG GAIDIES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2965789 *Apr 18, 1958Dec 20, 1960Gen ElectricVapor pressure control in discharge lamps
US3729643 *Mar 29, 1971Apr 24, 1973Matsushita Electronics CorpMercury vapor discharge lamp with radiation plane in envelope
US4476413 *Mar 13, 1981Oct 9, 1984Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research OrganizationAtomic spectral lamp
Classifications
U.S. Classification313/611, 313/623, 313/630
International ClassificationH01J61/33
Cooperative ClassificationH01J61/33
European ClassificationH01J61/33