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Publication numberUS2020879 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 12, 1935
Filing dateJul 28, 1933
Priority dateJul 28, 1933
Publication numberUS 2020879 A, US 2020879A, US-A-2020879, US2020879 A, US2020879A
InventorsEldred Glen R
Original AssigneeEldred Glen R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective device
US 2020879 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

NOV. 12, 1935. R ELDRED 2,020,879

PROTECTIZVE DEVICE k Filed July 28, 1955 ATTORNEYSU Patented Nov. 12, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 13 Claims.

This invention relates to protective devices and is particularly applicable to the protection of safes, vaults and similar containers provided with combination and like locks.

Safes, vaults, burglar-proof chests and similar storage means, used for the keeping of money and other valuables, are quite customarily provided with combination locks which can be actuated only by a person familiar with their combinations. Such devices are also provided with strong bolts, interlockingdoors, and other means which render it difficult to gain access to the interior by any means other than the working out of the combination. Frequently, these elements are supplemented by anti-dynamiters or similar automatic locking means actuated by any attempt to tamper with the locks.

These devices have been reasonably effectual in preventing the opening of such containers by 1 unauthorized persons, and, although burglary and safe-cracking are still occasionally reported, by far the greater number of occasions on which such containers are robbed occur during the period when the establishment having the container is open for business, the access to the container being gained by robbers compelling someone who knows the combination to open the safe.

Naturally, a person familiar with the combination can operate the lock in a very few seconds,

so that such a lock does not materially deter robbers from obtaining the articles which it is supposed to secure. If, however, they can be delayed a substantial time, the possibility of their capture or frustration is greatly increased.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved means which will preclude protecting means which will be simple and efficient in construction and operation.

Another object is to provide an improved lock protecting means which cannot be broken or removed from a lock Without putting the lock out of commission.

Other objects will hereinafter appear.

The invention will be better understood from the description of one practical embodiment thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which;

Figure l is a front elevational view showing a lock protecting device embodying the invention as applied to a more or less conventional form of combination, such as is used upon safe andvault doors;

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the apparatus of Figure 1 taken on the line II..-II thereof the dial and dial-ring being shown partly in section and partly in elevation;

Figure 2 is a broken sectional view taken as indicated at line II on Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a sectional view of the apparatus of Figures 1 and 2 taken on the line III-'-III of FigureZ; and

, Figure i is a fragmentary view taken on the line IV-IV of Figure 3.

A fragmentary section of a safe door is shown at I, this door having a hole at 2 through which the shank or spindle 3 of a combination lock extends, it being understood that the combination mechanism itself is housed within the door, if desired behind a drill-proof steel plate or the like.

Secured to the shank is an actuating knob 4 and a dial 5 provided with suitable indicia 6 which the operator may align with the stationary mark 1 upon a dial'ring 8, the above mentioned elements being of usual or any desired construction.

The protective device illustrated is so arranged that it overlies and obscures the dial and dial ring, making it impossible, while the parts of the device are in the position shown in Figures 1 and 2, for anyone to accurately register the indicia 6 with the mark 1, and so preventing actuation of the lock.

It consists of a casing having a base or back plate 9 which is positioned against the front face of the door I, the dial and dial ring being removed for this purpose and replaced upon the shank or spindle 3 after this plate has been put in position and so retaining it in place.

An annular cover It] is arranged to-fit over the dial and be secured to the plate 9 by means of an annular flange H upon the plate, and coacting lugs l2 upon the cover, the lugs IZ entering through recesses Il in the flange II and interlocking in the manner of a bayonet joint or interrupted thread. It will be seen that to place the cover in position it must be moved axially over the dial and then rotated for a fraction of a turn, to interengage the lugs, and that to remove the cover it must first be rotated and then moved axially. Consequently, to lock the cover in position, it is only necessary to provide a bolt I3 arranged to enter an aperture in the cover and so prevent its rotation.

The bolt I 3 is mounted in a casing l4 formed integrally with the plate 9 and extending along its lower edge. This casing also contains mechanism controlling the actuation of the bolt which prevents its withdrawal until after a substantial period of time has elapsed. In practice, it is believed that a delay of from 15 minutes to half an hour will be sufiicient, and that very few, if any, robbers will be inclined to stand around this length of time and run the risk of capture while waiting to get into the sa e.

The bolt actuating mechanism is best illustrated in Figure 3 and consists of a bell crank l5 arranged to oscillate. the'bolt l3, as by a pin and'slot connection illustrated at l6.

crank lever .is urged in a direction to move the bolt to.locking position by a spring I! bearing upon the end of a cylinder block I8 secured in one end of the housing [4.

The interior of the cylinder block is circular in isaicircular plate 24 supported upon a screw 25,50 that it may move against or away from the piston. *A small notch or groove 26 extends from one of theholes 23 to the periphery of the piston. A spring 2'! is arranged'between the piston and the head of the cylinder;

The space within the cylinder is filled with oil or other suitable fluid, and it will be observed that when the piston is moved to the right; as viewed in Figure 3, thefluid mayreadily pass through the holes 23, moving the plate 24 away from the piston, to permit its free passage. When,

asviewed in thisfigure, the fluid will carry the plate against the end of the piston, so that fluid can pass through the piston only by means of the groove 26, which, being much smaller in cross-section than the holes 23, retards the motion of the piston in this direction. a When,. however, the piston is near the end of the stroke and haspassed the grooves l9, the fiuid'may freely flow past the piston through these grooves, allowing it to execute the last part of its movement at an increased speed.

The rod 22 is provided with a pin 28 arranged to contact the depending: arm of bell crank H at just about the instant that the piston passes grooves 19, and the spring 21' is appreciably stronger, than spring l1, so that, as the piston is allowed to travel freely to the left under the influence of its spring, the boltwill quickly be retracted. ,7

The end ofthe'rod 22 is provided with, an enlarged head 29 whichmay-be engaged by a detent 30 pivoted within the housing [4, and urged to the position in which it engages the, head by'a spring 3|. The end of thedetent projects beyond the housing, so that it may be actuated by the hand. An actuating knob 321s secured to a sleeve33 and by it the rod may be moved to the right, the shank of the knob extending through.

a slot 34 in the front face of casing M. This slot, in turn, is at all times covered by a plate 35 slidable in the groove 36.

The operation of. the device is as follows: When the user desires to lockthe safe, he

' moves the bolts to locking position by the'appro V priate lever, as is the customary practice, and

spins the dial. He then takes'the cover liLplaces it over the diaLand rotates it to engage the lugs f u and 12, after which he moves the knob32 to the right until detent 3| engages head 29.

When this has been done, pin 28 .has'been removed an appreciable distance from bell crank l 5,'so that spring I! moves this bell crank in {a counter-clockwise direction, as shown inthe drawing, and projects bolt l3 into the hole in the bottom of the cover. I 3 i When, now, it is desired to actuatc the lock,

The bell V 7 to speed .up in its travel at just about the time pin 28 engages the bell crank I5, so that the bell 10 crank is subjected to practically the entire force of spring 21, which overcomes the pressure of spring I! and draws the bolt out of the'hole in the'cover; After this, the operator may readily rotate the cover and remove the same. 1'5 7 r There is'no way of speedingiup the meant: the piston, and, even if plate 35' be priedoff and an attempt be made tourge' the motion of the rod 22, no substantial increase in speed can be imparted to it; Consequently, whoever wants 0020 1 get into, the dvice'to'which the lock is applied, must wait for a definite and protracted period. Obviously, the cover, plate and housing should be made of malleable or, at least, not brittle; materiaL'so that they ,niay not be cracked and 25- broken-away, and for this purpose I find bronze to be particularly suitable, although obviously wrought or malleable iron' or other materials or alloys might be used. Any attemptto break these parts'will bendithe .dial or spindle, further in-Bi) creasing the difficulty of actuating the lock."

By. providing the central perforation in the cover, the depth of the device. is made, lessthan it would otherwise be, reducing 'it to about that occupied by the combination knob anddialalonc, 85 this, being particularly important in installations where the deviceis applied toan interior door 7 such as that 'of a burglar-proof chest fitted with in a 'safe, as in such devices no excess of clearance is provided between the knob of the inner 4O" door and the innersurface or the outer door. Also,,by the arrangement of the casing transversely and closeto the bottom of thedial, no. interference with the bolt actuating lever will be experienced. "1 v ,Obviously, any chronometric mechanism may be used to control the retraction or bolt I3, providing only that ,it effectively control this bolt and make it necessary for a substantial period of time toelapse before the bolt can be with-'50 drawn. j f V The dial 5 may have threadedinto' it a screw 3i and theinteriorof cover I0 may be provided 7 with one or more lugs 38 lying within the path I of the head of this screw; These lugs prevent the rotationlof the dial for any substantialdistance, making'it impossible to turn it a'completerevolution. V

The base-plate 9 of the housing for the dial and dial-ring must be fixed, of course, to' the door I. The, same is true of thedial-ringB. The usual securing-screws 39 of the dial-ring may pass through the plate 9 and in the tapped 5 9 will be properly centered when applied to'the spindle. r 1

As is well known, none of the commonly err-.

, countered combination locks loan be operatedwithout turning the dial a mumm of revolutions in one orbothdirections', soqthat not only are" the readings obscured by the cover, but'the opera- 7 r tion of the look by feel or by memory is precluded.

While I have described the illustrated embodiment of my invention in some particularity, obviously many others will readily occur to those skilled in this art, and I do not, therefore, limit myself to the precise details shown and described but claim as my invention all embodiments, variations and modifications thereof coming within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A look protecting device comprising a plate adapted to be secured against a door and between the door and the dial ring of a combination lock, an annular cover arranged to be placed over said dial and having interlocking engagement with the plate, a bolt carried by said plate and arranged to retain said cover in interlocked relation therewith, a spring for retracting said bolt, detent means retaining the spring under tension and manually operable to release the same, and chronometric mechanism controlling the operation of said spring.

2. A look protecting device comprising a plate adapted to be secured against a door and between the door and the dial ring of a combination lock, an annular cover arranged to be placed over said dial and having interlocking engagement with the plate, a bolt carried by said plate and arranged to retain said cover in interlocked relation therewith, a spring for retracting said bolt, detent means retaining the spring under tension and manually operable to release the same, and a dashpot controlling the operation of said spring.

3. A look protecting device comprising a plate adapted to be secured against the surface of a door and between this surface and the dial mechanism of a combination lock and provided with lugs, an annular cover adapted to overlie the dial of said lock and having lugs interlocking with the lugs upon the plate, the lugs being engageable by rotation of the. cover about the axis of the dial, a housing carried by the plate, a bolt supported in the housing and adapted to retain the cover in interlocked position upon the plate, a cylinder within the housing, a piston movable in the cylinder, a spring urging the piston in one direction, a spring urging the bolt to extended position, means carried by the piston arranged to retract said bolt, manually operable means for moving the piston in a direction to compress the first mentioned spring, and a detent arranged to retain the piston in spring compressing position and manually operable from the exterior of the housing.

4. A lock-protecting unit comprising: a casing for a dial-plate comprising a base-plate having an opening for a dial-spindle and a removable complemental cover-member adapted to overlie and hide the indicia of the dial-plate, said covermember having interlocking engagement withv said base-plate and being revoluble about the axis of said opening to efiect said interlocking engagement and release from said interlocking engagement a lock securing the cover to thebaseplate; and chronometric mechanism mounted on one of the mentioned parts of said casing and controlling the release of said lock.

5. A lock-protecting device as specified in claim 4, in combination with a door-lock spindle extending through said opening, a dial-ring within the casing adjacent the front side of and fixed to said base-plate, and a dial secured on said spindle in front of said dial-ring having the indicia thereof hidden by said cover-member.

6. A lock-protecting device as specified in claim 4, in which said base-plate carries said lock and said chronometric mechanism.

7. A lock-protecting device as specified in claim 4, in which said chronometric mechanism is 5 equipped with an actuating-spring, and with means accessible externally of said casing for tensioning said spring, and for releasing it, at will.

8. A lock-protecting device comprising: a casl0 ing comprising a base-plate and a complemental cover adapted to house a dial and cover the indicia thereof, said base-plate having an opening for a lock-spindle and having an extension carrying a casing; and a lock and chronometric controlling 15 mechanism therefor housed in said last-mentioned casing, said lock serving to secure said cover to said base-plate.

9. A lock-protecting device comprising: a casing for a dial-ring and dial-plate comprising 20 a base-plate having an opening for a dial-spindle and having an integral extension carrying a housing, and a removable complemental covermember adapted to overlie and hide the indicia: of the dial-plate; and a lock and chronometric 25 controlling mechanism therefor within said housing releasably securing said cover to said baseplate.

10. A lock-protecting device comprising: a casing for a dial-plate comprising a circular baseplate having a forwardly projecting annular flange and carrying at its lower edge-portion a housing, said base-plate having an opening for a dial-spindle, and a removable circular complemental cover-member having an inwardly extend- 35 ing flange having interlocking relation with said first-mentioned flange; and a lock and chronometric controlling mechanism therefor mounted in said housing, said lock releasably securing said cover-member against rotation to 40 position permitting removal from said base-plate.

11. A lock-protecting device as specified in claim 10, in which said chronometric mechanism comprises a spring-actuated, releasably-latched plunger and a co-acting dash-pot for retarding the movement of the plunger to the lock-releasing position.

12. In combination: a door; a rotatable lockactuating spindle extending through the door and projecting at the outer side thereof; and a protecting unit comprising a casing comprising a base-plate having an opening through which said spindle projects, said base-plate having one edge thereof equipped with a housing, and a covermember having interlocking relation with the base-plate adapted to be rotated to non-inter locking position for removal; a dial fixed on said spindle in front of said base-plate; and a lock and chronometric controlling mechanism there-' for mounted in said housing, said lock releasably securing said cover-member against rotation.

13. A lock-protecting device comprising: a casing for a dial-plate comprising a casing-member adapted to be secured to a door and having an opening for a dial-spindle, said casing-member carrying at one edge a housing; a complemental cover-member having interlocking relation with said casing-member and having one edge-pen tion adjacent said housing; a locking-bolt in 7 said housing adapted to lockingly engage said cover-member; and chronometric mechanism in said housing controlling said locking-bolt.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4665727 *Dec 30, 1985May 19, 1987Alan K. UyedaManually operated lock mechanism for bypass of customer operated electronic digital safe lock
US4683738 *May 30, 1986Aug 4, 1987Berkowitz Nathan LFlush combination lock
US5257520 *May 19, 1992Nov 2, 1993Miller J ClaytonEntry protection device for combination dial locks
US5305695 *Feb 21, 1992Apr 26, 1994Lichter Robert JBurglar-resistant lock-operating construction for safes
US5927114 *May 19, 1997Jul 27, 1999Berry; DanielView limiting enclosure assembly for dial combination locks
US5970756 *Apr 3, 1997Oct 26, 1999Federal Security Systems, Inc.Dead bolt lock assembly cover
US8281624 *Nov 27, 2007Oct 9, 2012Designer Club SrlAnti-shoplifting device for projecting holders
US20110226023 *May 17, 2010Sep 22, 2011Tim FreemanKey storage lock box
U.S. Classification70/267, 70/333.00A
International ClassificationE05B37/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05B37/00
European ClassificationE05B37/00