Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2021837 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 19, 1935
Filing dateOct 31, 1933
Priority dateOct 31, 1933
Publication numberUS 2021837 A, US 2021837A, US-A-2021837, US2021837 A, US2021837A
InventorsHobart O Davidson
Original AssigneeViscose Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for precipitating cellulose acetate
US 2021837 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

'Nov. 19, 1935. H. o. DAVIDSON METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRECIPITATING CELLULOSE ACETATE Filed Oct. 51, 1953 N 4 fi M, a W m M m m m WT W mm CELLULOSE ACETATE V ACID DOPE WATER OR DILUTE ACID PRECIPITATI NG AGEN T An ANN Patented Nov. 19, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRECIPI- TATING CELLULOSE ACETATE Application October 31', 1933, Serial No. 696,080

11 Claims.

This invention relates to method and apparatus for precipitating cellulose acetate.

The acetylation of cellulose by one well-known method results in a viscous solution of cellulose acetate in acetic acid. Before this cellulose acetate is further processed to produce films, filaments or other products it is usually separated from the acetic acid solvent by precipitation and washing. This precipitation is brought about by diluting the solvent with Water; in one case by adding water slowly to the so-called acid dope; in another case by running the dope into a bath of water or very dilute acid. When precipitating by the latter method, it isimpossible with ordinary means of agitation to obtain a uniformly sized precipitate of the cellulose acetate. The fines are a source of loss during washing, and the larger particles require grinding to adapt the same for further processing. Further fines resulting from the grinding cause a further loss. On the other hand, the larger particles formed in the precipitation are only slowly freed from acid in the washing process and cause this washing operation to be retarded.

It is therefore the principal object of the present invention to control the size of the precipitate to produce uniform particles.

Other objects may present themselves as the following description proceeds.

In the drawing- Figure 1 is a vertical section through apparatus for precipitating cellulose acetate according to the present invention;

Figure 2 is an inverted plan of the nozzle and knife employed; and

Figure 3 is a vertical section through the same.

The precipitating bath is contained in a precipitating chamber 5, and the cellulose acetate acid dope is supplied thereto from a supply tank 4, preferably supported by a bracket 6 on the chamber 4. The supply tank 4 has a removable cover I to permit charging thereof, and an air pipe 8 to supply compressed air thereto after charging.

From the tank 4, a supply pipe 9 extends down into the chamber 5. The lower end of the pipe 9 receives a cap II containing an extrusion orifice I2, and forming an extrusion nozzle.

Cooperating with the nozzle is a knife I4 keyed to the lower end of a vertical shaft I5 journalled in bearing brackets I6 on the tank 4 and pipe 9. The upper end of the shaft 55 carries a pulley I! connected by a belt I8 to a pulley I9 on a shaft 20 journalled in a bearing 2| in a bridge 22 supported by the chamber 5. The upper end of the shaft 26 is suitably journalled and driven by any desired source of power, while the lower end has keyed thereto an agitator blade 23.

In operation, water or dilute acid is supplied to the chamber 5, while cellulose acetate acid dope is charged into the tank a. Compressed air is introduced through the pipe 3, and forces the dope through the pipe 9 and out through the orifice I2.

It is, of course, obvious that a pump could be used for transferring the acid dope from the chamber 4 to the pipe 9 and orifice 92 without changing the nature of this invention. The precipitating liquid in the chamber 5 contacts the stream or rod 24 of acid dope thus extruded from the orifice I2, and precipitates the same.

At the same time, the knife I4 is rotated at a predetermined rate to interrupt the stream at regular intervals by cutting the same into uniform lengths or pellets 25 of uniform size. Meantime,

the rotation of the blade 23 agitates the precipitating bath, and carries away the pellets as formed, and also carries away the acid or other products of the precipitating reaction, preventing local concentration of these about the nozzle and knife.

The precipitating bath is maintained at a level well above the orifice I2.

It is obvious that the rate at which the shaft [5 is to be driven, to give the size of particle desired, may be readily calculated from the dimensions of the blade I and the extrusion fiow rate, in turn dependent upon the extrusion air pres sure, viscosity of the dope and area of the orifice I2. inch in both length and diameter is preferred, but may be larger or smaller as desired.

The uniform sized particles resulting from this process are washed and further processed preferably for the production of cellulose acetate rayon,

A particle size of one eighth of an truding a rod like stream of constant diameter many times greater than the thickness of said films or filaments, and shearing said stream at regular intervals to produce pellets of uniform size and shape.

3. Method of precipitating cellulose acetate from acid dope formed by acetylation of cellulose which comprises extruding a stream of said acid dope below the surface of a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid and simultaneously shearing the precipitate into pellets and agitating said liquid, said extrusion and shearing rates being in timed relation to produce uniform size of pellets, and said agitation rate also being in timed relation thereto to carry away said pellets and the acid formed by said precipitation to prevent local concentration of the products of the precipitation.

4. Method of precipitating cellulose acetate from cellulose acetate acid dope to facilitate washing and drying of the precipitate preparatory to dissolving the same in acetone to form the spinning or film casting solution, which comprises extuding below the surface of a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid a stream of said cellulose acetate acid dope of constant cross sectional area over a hundred times that of rayon filaments, whereby contact of said dope and liquid causes precipitation of said cellulose acetate, and mechanically controlling the length of the precipitate simultaneously with the precipitation step by shearing the extruded material at regular intering and drying of the precipitate preparatory to dissolving the same in acetone to form the spinning or film casting solution, comprising in combination means for extruding below the surface of a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid a stream of said cellulose acetate acid dope of constant cross sectional area over a hundred times that of a rayon filament whereby contact of said dope and liquid causes precipitation of said cellulose acetate, and means for mechanically controlling the length of the precipitate simultaneously with the precipitation step by shearing the extruded material at regular intervals as it is being precipitated, to cut the same into successive pellets of uniform size and shape.

6. Apparatus for precipitating cellulose acetate from acid dope formed by acetylation of cellulose, comprising in combination a nozzle, an acid dope supply tank in communication with said nozzle, a chamber containing a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid, means for supporting said nozzle below the surface of said bath, a knife adjacent said nozzle, a shaft for driving said knife to move its cutting edge across the orifice of said nozzle, a bearing for said knife shaft, means attached to said nozzle supporting means for rigidly supporting said bearing and means for forcing dope from said tank through said nozzle into said liquid and into engagement with said knife.

7. Apparatus for precipitating cellulose acetate from acid dope formed by acetylation of cellulose, comprising in combination a nozzle, an acid dope supply tank in communication with said nozzle, a chamber containing a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid, means for supporting said nozzle below the surface of said bath, a knife adjacent said nozzle, a shaft for driving said knife to move 5 its cutting edge across the orifice of said nozzle, a bearing for said knife shaft, means attached to said nozzle supporting means for rigidly supporting said bearing and means for forcing dope from said tank through said nozzle into said liquid and into engagement with said knife, an agitator having a blade below the surface of said bath, a shaft for driving said agitator, a bearing for said agitator shaft attached to said chamber, and means for driving said shafts in timed relation from a single source of power.

8. Method of precipitating cellulose acetate from cellulose acetate acid dope in a form to facilitate washing and drying of the precipitate preparatory to dissolving the same in acetone to form a solution for extrusion and coagulation, which comprises extruding below the surface of a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid a stream of said cellulose acetate acid dope of constant cross sectional area over a hundred times that of a rayon filament whereby contract of said dope and liquid causes precipitation of. said cellulose acetate, and mechanically controlling the length of said precipitate simultaneously with the precipitation, step by shearing the extruded material at regular intervals approximately equal to the greatest dimension of its cross sectional area as it is being precipitated, to cut the same into pellets of uniform size and shape.

9. Apparatus for precipitating cellulose acetate from cellulose acetate acid dope in a form to facilitate washing and drying of the precipitate preparatory to dissolving the same in acetone to form a solution for extrusion and coagulation, which comprises means for extruding below the surface of a bath of dilute aqueous precipitating liquid a stream of said cellulose acetate acid dope of constant cross sectional area over a hundred times that of a rayon filament whereby contact of said dope and liquid causes precipitation of said cellulose acetate, and means for mechanically controlling the length of said precipitate simultaneously with the precipitation step by shearing the extruded material at regular intervals approximately equal to the greatest dimensions of its cross sectional area as it is being precipitated, to cut the same into pellets of uniform size and shape.

10. Method of precipitating cellulose acetate from acid dope, which comprises extruding a stream of said acid dope into precipitating liquid, simultaneously shearing the precipitate into pellets of uniform size, and completing both of said simultaneous steps before forming any filaments or films.

11. Method of precipitating cellulose acetate, 00 which comprises contacting acid dope and precipitating reagent simultaneously separating the precipitate into particles of uniform size, and completing both of said simultaneous steps before forming any filaments or films. 5

HOBART O. DAVIDSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2622273 *Jul 3, 1948Dec 23, 1952American Viscose CorpMethod and means for precipitating cellulose acetate
US2651581 *Jul 30, 1952Sep 8, 1953Cellulose Fibers IncMethod of making a cuprammonium cellulose solution
US2651582 *Dec 22, 1952Sep 8, 1953Cellulose Fibers IncMethod of making a cuprammonium cellulose solution
US2850764 *Aug 27, 1954Sep 9, 1958Ici LtdProcess and apparatus for converting thermoplastic material to granular form
US2862243 *Aug 27, 1954Dec 2, 1958Ici LtdProcess for forming granules of thermoplastic polymeric materials
US2918701 *Feb 23, 1956Dec 29, 1959Eastman Kodak CoMethod for pelleting organic thermoplastic materials
US2944292 *Apr 4, 1956Jul 12, 1960Isoleringsaktiebolaget WmbMethod for pre-expanding expandable granules of a synthetic thermoplastic material
US3014246 *Oct 4, 1954Dec 26, 1961Olin MathiesonProcess of manufacturing propellent powder
US3037247 *Dec 24, 1954Jun 5, 1962Hercules Powder Co LtdProcess for colloiding nitrocellulose
US3037890 *Sep 30, 1957Jun 5, 1962Hercules Powder Co LtdMethod for densifying nitrocellulose
US3067463 *Apr 28, 1960Dec 11, 1962Eastman Kodak CoApparatus for continuous pellet precipitation of organic acid esters of cellulose
US3070835 *Jan 12, 1960Jan 1, 1963Standard Oil CoPump quenching of polymer solvent mixtures
US3089194 *Oct 10, 1955May 14, 1963Phillips Petroleum CoProcess and aparatus for treating plastic material
US3094741 *Dec 20, 1961Jun 25, 1963Olin MathiesonApparatus for manufacturing propellent powder
US4125584 *Jul 1, 1977Nov 14, 1978Gulf Oil CorporationProcess for the manufacture of fibrils
US4737407 *Mar 10, 1986Apr 12, 1988Essex Composite SystemsThermoset plastic pellets and method and apparatus for making such pellets
US4853270 *Jun 27, 1988Aug 1, 1989Essex Specialty Products, Inc.Knee blocker for automotive application
DE1279312B *Oct 10, 1956Oct 3, 1968Phillips Petroleum CoVerfahren zum Gewinnen eines vorher bereiteten Polymers in koerniger Form aus der Loesung eines Olefin-Polymers
Classifications
U.S. Classification264/142, 264/200, 106/170.47, 422/129
International ClassificationC08B3/28
Cooperative ClassificationC08B3/28
European ClassificationC08B3/28