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Publication numberUS2022009 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1935
Filing dateJan 3, 1933
Priority dateJul 11, 1930
Publication numberUS 2022009 A, US 2022009A, US-A-2022009, US2022009 A, US2022009A
InventorsRocca Agostino
Original AssigneeRocca Agostino
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Machine for coating metallic cores with cement plaster by spiral windings, provided with devices to regulate the forming and conveying rollers and belts
US 2022009 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

w 1 t 0 w 2 h 2 S 0 R 4 .w Z e SA 8 L h Lw FEM T N E NOV. 26, 1935. RoccA MACHINE FOR COATING METALLIC CORES WITH] GEM SPIRAL WINDINGS, PROVIDED WITH DEVICES TO THE FORMING AND CONVEYING ROLLERS AND B Filed Jan. 5, 195.3

NOV. 26, 1935. A ROCCA 2,022,009

- MACHINE FOR 00 ATING-METALLIIIC CORES WITH CEMENT PLASTER BY 7 SPIRAL WINDINGS, PROVIDED WITH DEVICES TO REGULATE THE FORMING AND CONVEYING ROLLERS AND BELTS Filed Jan. 5, 1933 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 A. .Zfoccao,

atentecl Nov. 26, E935 MACHINE FGR COATING ME'EAELIC CORES WHTH CEMENT PLASTER BY SPIRAL WINDINGS, PROVIDED WITH DEVICES T0 REGULATE THE FORMING AND CON- VEYENG RQLLERS BELTS Agostino Rocca, Dalmine, Italy Application January 3, 1933, Serial No. emcee In Italy July 11, 1930 15 Claims.

The present invention relates to a machine for coating metal cores with a cement plaster, for instance with a plaster of cement and asbestos. More particularly, the present invention relates to a machine of the kind comprising means for rotatably carrying a tubular or cylindrical metal core, a conveyor belt adapted to feed the cement plaster so as to enable it to be wound helically on said metal core, means preferably consisting of two or more pressure rollers for compacting the coating of cement plaster as it is applied, and

,means for driving positively either the metal core or the conveyor belt or one or more pressure rollers.

If on the one hand it is desired to produce with the aid of a machine of this kind a coated metal tube, cement plaster is wound helically on a tubular core to form a coating which is compacted by means of the pressure rollers or other compacting means. If on the other hand it is desired to produce a tube of plaster, the procedure is the same except for the addition of the final step of withdrawing the core from the compacted plaster coating which forms the finished tube. It is obvious that in this latter case the core may be either cylindrical or tubular.

The object of the present invention is to provide a machine of the kind set forth, in which the action of the pressure rollers or other com-- pacting means is distributed more evenly over the surface of the coating while the latter is being formed than has hitherto been possible.

This object is attained according to the present invention in that the pressure rollers or other compacting means are carried by articulated forks.

In the drawings:-

Figure 1 is a fragmentary cross-section of a known arrangement with two rollers,

Fig. 2 illustrates an arrangement according to the present invention with two rollers mounted on pivoted forks,

Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view of one form of automatic centering device,

Fig. 4 illustrates another form of automatic centering device,

Figs. 5 to 9 are diagrammatic views of various arrangements of rollers in devices for automatic centering having several rollers, and

Figs. 10 and 11 are, respectively diagrammatic side and sectional views of a form of cradle support capable of taking up, the same inclination as the formation rollers.

Fig. 12 is a fragmentary detail view partly in section of the means for mounting the roller carrying forks.

In known machines, the deposition of the plaster on the metallic core may be carried out by means of couple winding devices or else by means of contact devices. The term couple winding is used to describe devices and arrangements in which the conveyor belt partly embraces the core so that there is a permanent area of contact between the belt and the core (see for example Fig. 9), while the term contact is used to describe devices and arrangements in which there is only a line contact between the conveyor belt and the core (see for example Figs. 3, 5, and '7). v

In the second case the device may comprise two roilers placed diametrically opposite with respect to the tube. Both rollers may be directly driven (in which case the peripheral velocities must be absolutely equal). If desired, two similar rollers may be used of which one is driven directly by any mechanism, hydraulic or mechanical, and the other is loose and only has the function of applying the desired pressure to the coating. Nevertheless, the axes of the rollers in the contact device lie in two vertical planes, parallel to the axis of rotation of the metallic tube T, to be coated. Since in the portion under the action of the rollers, the deposit of the mixture in layers makes the thickness of the coating R assume a conical form, it follows that, in the arrangement mentioned, the distribution of pressure is not 25 equal throughout the whole length of the portion being formed (Fig. 1) because at the extremity where, from the conical form, the thickness has its least value, the pressure per unit of area becomes notably inferior to that at the other extremity.

It has been proposed to lessen this irregularity of pressure distribution, which occurs at the two extremities of a roller, by covering the roller with some pliant and elastic material V, such as rubber, felt or the like, but an irregularity in the distribution of pressure is always encountered with a consequent tendency for the coating to slip and part from the metallic surface of the tube.

By making use of rollers carried on forks loosely mounted, the object of avoiding the above deplorable troubles is attained. In fact, as Fig. 2 shows, the pressure exerted by the rollers, whether driven or loose, is distributed equally over every point of the contact producer ctr-a. The loose joint S may be applied either externally to the roller-supporting fork or internally in the body of the roller itself. In Fig. 12 there is shown means of articulatingly mounting the fork carrying the rollers A. As shown, roller A is carried by a fork 2D articulated to a support 2| by means of a pin 22. These rollers are preferably covered with some elastic covering (rubber or the like) so that the roller may, during molding, better follow any possible superficial irregularities of the metallic tube to be coated.

It sometimes happens that irregularities of formation are produced owing to unsymmetrical working of the supports. This trouble may be eliminated by a system of automatic centering for the formation device. The axis of rotation of the metallic tube being fixed, it is necessary, when mechanically mounting the two pressure rollers, whether both of these are driven or one is driven and the other not, or whether both are loose, to adopt a mounting device by means of which the position of the rollers and their advance radially and towards the tube may be equal, simultaneous, and perfectly symmetrical with respect to the axis of the tube itself.

This mounting must be suitably provided with an elastic arrangement (which may be by springs, dashpots or other similar means) in order to allow slight movement to each pressure roller so as to be able to follow the irregularities of the external diameter of the metallic tube to be coated, without, however, diminishing the pressure exerted by these rollers during molding, which pressure is given by forces P-P' (see Fig. 3) which generally is given by hydraulic pistons.

Fig. 3 shows diagrammatically the system of automatic centering. Springs 3-3 (which may be placed at any point of the system) provide the elasticity allowing slight movements of the molding rollers A A. In Fig. 4, however, there is shown another method of carrying out the automatic centering system in which the following principles are taken into account.

1. The axis of the coretube to be coated must be fixed and invariable, whatever its diameter.

2. The three rollers which eifect the automatic centering must act simultaneously on the core tube, and, therefore, must be positively inter-- connected, with interposed elastic members allowing slight movements of the rollers themselves, which, also, must be loosely mounted to adapt themselves to the conical surfaces of the mixture as has already been precisely defined.

3. The pressure which the three rollers apply to the core-tube must be directed along radial lines and symmetrically. Since the diameter of the core-tube varies through a somewhat large range, it is necessary to have the thrust of the rollers acting radially whatever may be the diameter of the tube. This moreover, should be obtained by means which are not complicated, since he change of diameter may occur rapidly. Again, in this action the pressure is not applied along the generator of the core-tube to be covered but really at the tangent-point between the rollers and the tube, that is, at points placed along the spiral line of the covering.

As has already been said, the moulding pressure on the mixture, besides being transmitted by the three auto-centered rollers proper, is also transmitted by the lateral supports.

In the annexed drawings, a device is shown with three rollers having the characteristics above defined.

The roller A, around which passes a belt carrying the mixture of cement plaster to be applied to the surface of the core, and the two counterpressure and automatic centering rollers N, N are mounted on a .system of levers and connecting rods provided with suitable elastic members B, B. Thus, within practical limits and regard less of the diameter of the core tube, the simultaneous application of the pressure of the three rollers in a substantially radial direction is assured. This substantially radial action, which within practical limits is independent of the dimensions' of the core tube, is obtained in the following manner:

The two rollers N N are carried on arms F F the other loose.

pivotally mounted on bolts G G'with which are connected two quadrant-levers D D which can rotate around their other extremity E. The rotary movement of arms F F around points 6 G is limited since the ends H H of these arms must 5 rotate around centers I I.

These various movements of rotation, combined with the transitory movement of the connecting rods L L, connected with the angle of the levers D D, and moved in their turn by some force 10 (hydraulic pressure or other means) applied at the points M M, cause the rollers N N, for any diameter of the core-tube, always to act radially with respect to this tube whose axis remains fixed and invariable. A

The deposition of the mixture of asbestos and cement onto a metallic tube may also be obtained more regularly by employing the autocentering device with many rollers. This system is analogous to the usual auto-centering system, 20 but a substitution of rollers for the gripping stocks or jaws generally used is made. This device is formed with two distinct formation heads each having one ormore molding rollers I, 2, 3, 4. All these rollers must exert a pressure on the 25 coating along axes radial to the tube to be coated, since, if this force does not pass through the center of rotation of the tube, rotation couples will be set up which will endanger the coating. The rollers may be covered. with an elastic ma- 30 terial, such as rubber, felt, or the like. Figs. 5 to 9 illustrate diagrammatically various arrangements of rollers for automatically centering the core.

Fig. 5 shows an arrangement consisting of 35 three radially acting contact rollers l, 2, and 3 between which the core is automatically centered.

-Fig. 6 shows an arrangement consisting of a contact roller l and a couple winding device 2 comprising two radially acting rollers.

Fig. '7 shows an arrangement consisting of four symmetrically disposed radially acting contact rollers I, 2, 3, and 4.

Fig. 8 shows an arrangement consisting of two contact rollers 2 and 3 and a couple winding device I comprising two radially acting rollers.

Fig. 9 shows an arrangement consisting of two couple winding devices I and 2, each comprising two radially acting rollers.

It should be noted, however, that by construct- 50 ing the machine with great precision and reducing as far as possible causes of friction, it is possible to use for molding one roller driven and This system may then be applied in the arrangement of the head with many 55 rollers, as mentioned above.

In known machines the use of supporting rollers has already been proposed, which, by means of rods sliding in cylinders and with the aid of some elastic means (generally fluid under com- 60 pression), would cause these rollers to adhere continuously to the surface of the tube to be coated. In that form of support, in order to convert radial friction to rolling friction at the extremities of the rods mentioned, small roll- 65 ers are loosely mounted and covered with an elastic material which comes directly into contact with the surface of the tube, taking on a rotary movement around their axes, caused by the r0- tation of the tube itself. Moreover, these rollers are mounted so as to be able always to assume an inclination rendering them tangential to the covering spiral at the point of contact. When dealing with tubes having a large diameter, there would be an excessive pressure on 75 the machine.

aoaaooa the rollers and therefore a possibility of danger to the plastic surface being formed would arise. This trolj l may be avoided by the use of supplementary belts mounted on adjustable pulleys, and having the duty of supporting the tube during its formation. Such new arrangements present special advantages when dealing with the covering or manufacture of tubes of large diameter. Moreover the use of these arrangements allow the following operations to be carried out with great facility:

. (a) Introducing the mandrel into the machine,

(b) Extracting the finished tube from the machine,

(0) Giving rotary and transitional movement to the tube, aiding that given by the main belt and lessening the strain on the belts and that tangential to the plaster in the formation zone. Figs. 10-11, represent, diagrammatically, the resulting arrangement.

In this arrangement, rollers 2, 3 and 2a, 3a should be mounted loose on their axes and inclinable with regard to the axis of the tube, to give this a rotary and axial-transitional movement. For this purpose it is advisable to turn the mountings A and B towards the axis X-Y thus inclining rollers and belt with respect to the axis of the tube. Rollers 4, 4a, are fixed and serve as return pulleys and guides. Roller I, also fixed, may be mounted loose on its axis or it may be driven. In the latter case it serves to give rotary and axial-transitional movement to the tube, thus reducing the labor both of the supporting belt and of the main driving belt of Moreover, it gives to the supporting belt, a greater velocity than that possessed by the main belt. The supporting belt serves also to move the tube further from, or nearer to the machine. Naturally by altering the inclination of the mountings A and B, the axial transitional movement is altered, and by inverting, or changing the sense of, the inclination of the aforesaid mountings, the axial-transitional movement is reversed.

Various products can be made with the apparatus herein described. Metal tubes provided with protective or decorative coatings of cementitious material applied by the apparatus of the present invention may be employed as constructional elements in the building arts. The cementitious bodies formed on the metal tubes may also be used in the bu'lding arts after removal of the mandrel or molding core (metal tube). Of course, the products made according to the present invention are not limited to the abovedescribed uses.

Naturally the arrangements described and shown diagrammatically in the annexed drawings should be carried out, in practice, with mechanism suitable to the different types of machines to which they would be applied. Moreover, in such machines there might be introduced one or more of the aforesaid arrangements, without departing from the scope of the invention.

What I claim is: l. A machine for covering a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the eylin the outer surface of 7 connecting the articulated roller-carrying forks for effecting simultaneously symmetrical and substantially equal movements of the forks and the rollers carried thereby in directions toward the axis of the core.

2. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surfaceof the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, mechanism interconnecting the articulated roller-carrying forks for effecting simultaneously symmetrical and substantially equal movements of the forks and the rollers carried thereby in directions toward the axis of the core, and elastic means provided in the interconnecting mechanism to permit slight independent movement of each roller to compensate for small irregularities in the coating.

3. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical corewith a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, and a separate conveyor belt passing around each of said pressure rollers.

4. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, mechanism interconnecting the articulated roller-carrying forks for effecting simultaneously symmetrical and substantially equal movements of the forks and the rollers carried thereby in directions toward the axis of the core, and a separate conveyor belt passing around each of saidpressure rollers.

5. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylin drical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and com pacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, mechansm interconnecting the articulated roller-carrying forks for effecting simultaneously symmetrical and substantially equal movements of the forks and the rollers carried thereby in directions toward the axis of the core, elastic means provided in the interconnecting mechanism to permit slight independent movement of each roller to compensate for small irregularities in the coating, and a separate conveyor belt passing around each of said pressure rollers.

6. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and cunpacting the applied coating on the cylindricaicore while being wound thereon, there being at least three of said rollers distributed symmetrically about the periphery of the core, automatic centering devices for controlling the application of said rollers to the coated core, and a separate conveyor belt passing around each of said pressure rollers.

7. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for-engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, and a conveyor belt passing around two adjacent pressure rollers and embracing a portion of the coating on the core between the lines of contact between said pressure rollers and said coating.

8. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plu- 'rality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, mechanism interconnecting the articulated roller-carrying forks for effecting simultaneously symmetrical and substantially equal movements of the forks and the rollers carried thereby in directions toward the axis of the core, and a conveyor belt passing around two adjacent pressure rollers and embracing a portion of the coating on the core between the lines of contact between said pressure rollers and said coating.

9. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, there being at least three of said rollers distributed symmetrically about the periphery of the core, automatic centering devices for controlling the application of said rollers to the coated core, and a conveyor belt passing around two adjacent pressure rollers and embracing a portion of the coating on the core between the lines of contact between said pressure rollers and said coating.

10. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a. plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, and means for guiding the rollers to and from the coated core along radii of said core independently of the diameter of the core.

11. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, and a plurality 5 of pivoted quadrant levers pivotally connected to said forks for guiding them in, their movement toward and from said core.

12. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating, on the "cylindrical core while being wound thereon, and a plurality of pivoted quadrant levers pivotally connected to said forks for guiding them in their movement toward and from said core, said quadrant levers being pivoted about a common fixed axis.

13. A machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a. plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks .for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon,- said forks having arms, a pairof levers pivoted about a common axis, means for pivotally connecting the free ends of said levers to the arms of said forks at a, point adjacent the roller, and 5 means for connecting the ends of the arms remote from the rollers to spaced pivoted links, the length of the levers and links and the position of the links being so adjusted as to confine movement of the rollers in straight line paths toward the axis of the core. a

14. A- machine for covering the outer surface of a cylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising means for rotatably supporting the cylindrical core, means for applying the plastic material to the outer surface of the core, a plurality of articulated forks, a plurality of rollers carried by the articulated forks for engaging and compacting the applied coating on the cylindrical core while being wound thereon, said forks having arms, a pair of levers pivoted about a common axis, means for pivotally connecting the free ends of said levers to the arms of said forks at a point adjacent the roller, means for connecting the ends of the arms remote from the rollers to spaced pivoted links, the length of the levers and links and the position of the links being so adjusted as to confine movement of the rollers in straight line paths toward the axis of the core, and means for effectingsimultaneous movement of said levers.

15. A machine for covering the outer surface of acylindrical core with a plastic material, comprising a pair of rollers mounted on horizontally spaced axes, a belt passing over said 5 rollers and adapted to provide a cradle between the spaced rollers for supporting said core, articulated forks carrying said rollers, said articulated forks being capable of inclination to cause the belt to follow the contour of the surface of the core.

' AGOSTINO ROCCA.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2470068 *Dec 24, 1946May 10, 1949Societes Reunies Everite SitubDevice for molding and coating pipes and like articles
US2528353 *Nov 3, 1944Oct 31, 1950U S Asbestos Cement Pipe CompaApparatus for producing pipes
US2649133 *Feb 28, 1948Aug 18, 1953Himanit AgMethod and device for producing high-pressure tubes of hardening materials as cement
US2776605 *Feb 29, 1952Jan 8, 1957Mcafoos Herbert WardThreading device for calender rollers
US2778285 *Aug 31, 1954Jan 22, 1957R C M Revisione Costruzione MaMachine for manufacturing weldless asbestos-cement pipes
US2983020 *Jul 18, 1957May 9, 1961Mexalit S A ProdCalenders
US4165956 *May 23, 1977Aug 28, 1979Imperial Chemical Industries LimitedCoated tubular forms
US4263252 *Apr 25, 1979Apr 21, 1981Imperial Chemical Industries LimitedMethod for producing an oriented tubular film
US4315883 *May 23, 1980Feb 16, 1982Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Method for forming corrosion-resistant layer and surface electrically conductive layer on cable
US4391218 *Oct 19, 1981Jul 5, 1983Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Method and apparatus for forming corrosion-resistant layer and surface electrically conductive layer on cable and apparatus for practicing same
WO1993003859A1 *Aug 19, 1992Mar 4, 1993Kaehr Ab GMethod for scraping off material present in a plastic condition and arrangement for executing the method
Classifications
U.S. Classification118/106, 118/DIG.110, 118/232, 118/107, 118/257
International ClassificationB28B19/00, B28B21/48
Cooperative ClassificationB28B19/0038, Y10S118/11, B28B21/48
European ClassificationB28B19/00F, B28B21/48