Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2022481 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1935
Filing dateDec 2, 1931
Priority dateDec 2, 1931
Publication numberUS 2022481 A, US 2022481A, US-A-2022481, US2022481 A, US2022481A
InventorsSchellenger Newton C
Original AssigneeChicago Telephone Supply Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Circulating and mixing system
US 2022481 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 26, 1935. N. c. SCHELLENGER 2,022,431


CIRCULATING AND MIXING SYSTEM Newton 0. Schellenger, Elkhart, Ind., assignor to Chicago Telephone Supply Company,lElkhart,

Ind., a corporation of Indiana Application December 2,1931, Serial No. 578,442

3 'Claims. (Cl. 137-78) This invention provides a circulating and mixing system, and more particularly a circulating and mixing system adapted for use with spray gun equipment, or similar equipment adapted to system for use with spray gun painting equipment and provides for uniform mixing of the paint components, and the supplying of this uniform mixture at a preselected constant pressure to the spray gun. I employ the term paint herein as covering. liquids used for coating, coloring or shading for any desired purpose.

It is essential in equipment of this type that a uniform mixture of the fluid be supplied at constant pressure at the point of application.

In a system of this character, for use with the more or less volatile and explosive liquids used for spray painting purposes, the elimination of explosion and fire hazards must be considered.

In connection with this feature, the extreme volaforeign matter in the spraying solution will interfere with the smoothness of the coating applied to the object being painted. Thus, after considering these factors, it is apparent that the circulating. and mixing system provided for this type of equipment should preferably be of a construction that ,1 term a closed type of system, wherein the spray solution is circulated and recirculated and kept at uniform pressure,

' without the inclusion of any air or other foreign substances. Further, it is desirable that the entire circulating system be separated from any part of the equipment that might cause ignition, either through undue heating, or the production of sparks generated by friction, or static electricity.

In a closed type type of liquid supply system, such as heretofore known, the problem of an economic method of cleaning the system after use becomes important, since such a system must be thoroughly cleaned each time it is used, in order to prevent the formation of dry dust particles or residue within the interior of the system or within the gun itself. This residue is explosive, and must be removed after the gun has been used, in order to eliminate the possibility of explosions or flash fires.

The system of my invention is adapted to 5 maintain a uniform mixture throughout the entire circulating system, and. also provides for the maintenance of a uniform but adjustable pressure at the point. of application. The system of the present invention is capable of economical and inexpensive production. v

,The present invention preferably is adapted for use with either a single spray un or with a plurality of sprayguns, the pressure at each of the individual spray guns being controlled individually.

One of the most important features of the present invention resides in the provision of a circulating and mixing system which is entirely closed, and in which the explosion and fire hazards, occasioned by the use of inflammable and volatile liquids such as the thinners used in lacquer and enamel spray painting processes, have been substantially eliminated. In connection with this feature, the provision of such a closed type of system eliminates the loss of these volatile paint vehicles by evaporation, and also excludes the admixture of any foreign matter to the solution in the system.

The present invention also provides for the constant, but controlled, agitation of the spraying liquid, which will secure uniform mixing of the paint components and will prevent the heavier components of the liquid from settling out. This agitation may be such as to give a turbulent rotary motion to the spraying liquid, or may be directed to give a more or less splashing effect within the agitating tank.

The provision of suitable pressure regulating means is contemplated by the present invention for the purposes of controlling the pressure with 0 in the circulating system, and also for controlling the pressure at each of the individual spray guns when the system is used with a plurality of spraying equipments.

Another feature of the present invention is the provision .of a simple and economical method of cleaning the entire system after use, which comprises mcrely removing any of the spraying liquid that may be left in the agitating tank, partially filling the tank with the cleaning solution, and circulating this solution through the system in the same manner that the spraying liquid is circulated through the system.

Other novel features and advantages of the present invention will appear more fully fr the following detailed description which, taken in commotion with the accompanying drawing, will dlSOlnSO to those skilled in the art one particular manner in which my novel circulating and mixing system may Deconstructed and operated.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view of the circulating and mixing system as applied to a single spray gun; and

Figure 2 is a diagrammatic view of the same system employing a plurality of spray guns.

Referring now in more detail to the drawing, the agitating tank containing the spraying liquid is indicated generally by the reference numeral I. The size of the agitating tank I will, of course, depend upon the amount of spraying liquid that is to be used, the size of the spray gun, and the number of guns used in the system. The agitating tank is provided with a small vent 2 in the cover 3 thereof, this vent permitting relief of the pressure within the tank as the liquid is drawn therefrom.

The tank I is provided with an outlet 4 at the bottom thereof, and a suitable pipe 5, or similar conductor, is threaded therein and leads to the inlet 6 of a rotary pump I. This pump, which is shown only diagrammatically, may be of the rotating vane type and is actuated by any suitable of the pipe line is high and back pressure becomes a material item. d

From the high pressure side of the pump 1', through the conductor pipe! and valve III, the spray liquid from the tank I is forced through a suitable hose or flexible conduit II to a T member l2 which is connected to thespray gun H, by means of the inlet I, this inlet being relatively short so that there will be no detrimental separation of the paint components in this section when the gun is not in use.

The spray gun I3 is of the general type disclosed in the De Vilbiss Patent No. 1,045,266 of November 26, 1912, and has the customary compressed air inlet l5 leading thereto, and is provided with the spray. nozzle I6 for applying a spray of the painting solution to the article being coated. A trigger member. I1 is provided for controlling the valve which permits the compressed air to force the spraying liquid out through the nozzle l6.

Continuing from the T member l2, the spraying liquid is conducted "through the flexible hose or tubing l8 to a pressure regulator valve l9, preferably of the spring loaded type, which has a positive shut-off, and which is positioned adjacent the tank I. This conductor ortubing I8 is, in effect, a continuation of the high pressure conduits 9 and II, and affords a continuousflow of liquid past the inlet I. This particular con-' struction is of value in that regardless of whether inlet [4 to the gun I3 is opened or not, the liquid passing through the tubing l I will be at substantially constant pressure and in motion at all times, so that no trouble will be encountered with the heavier components of the liquid settling out,

I paint used.

- A suitable pressure gauge, indicated ,at 2 0;may be pro ided for the purpose of indicating the pressure existing in the tubing leading from the high pressure sideof the pump I. From the pres- I sure gauge, the spraying liquid is led back 5 through the pressure regulating valve is into the agitating tank I by means of a gas-tight connecjustment and may be directed so as to give a 1'0,

turbulent rotary motion to the liquid or to give a splashing effect upon the surface of the liquid, depending upon which motion will result in the most effective mixing condition for the type of 15 In the preferred form of my invention, a screen or filter 38- is suitably secured, as by means of brackets 39, in the tank I'. below the agitating "nozzle 22, so that any solid or semi-solid paint constituents, or any foreign material, that may 20 be present in the spraying liquid, will be filtered out. The screen is preferably slecured in the tank in such a manner that it may be readily removed and cleaned.

It will be apparent, after considering this diag5 grammatic representation of my normalcirculating and mixing system, that the liquid within the agitating tank I is at all times in constant motion and is at all times being agitated so as to maintain a uniform mixture of the paint components., The circulating system is continuous, and regardless of whether the gun is being used or is idle, the liquid is at all times circulatingthrough the system and is under a constant pressure, as determined by the pressure regulator l9, 3.

or by the pressure regulator l9 and the pressure regulator Ill.

In cases where a relatively light spray liquid is being used, and the lengths of tubing II and I8 are not of very considerable extent, it is possible 40 tocontrol the pressure of the entire circulating system by means of the valve 19 only, but in cases where the spray liquid is relatively heavy, or where the spray gun is being used at a point remote from the system, it is preferable to pro- 5 vide also the valve III for controlling this pressure.

Referring to Figure 2, which discloses a modification of my circulating and mixing system and provides for the use of a plurality of guns con-5'9 nected to a single circulating system, the tank I corresponds to thetank l shown in Figure 1. It has the cover 3 and the outlet 4 leading to the pipe line 5. This line 5 is connected to the inlet 6 of the rotary pump 1 and the spraying 55 liquid within the tank I is supplied to the pump under atmospheric pressure or less.

From the pump 1 the spraying liquid is led out through the outlet 8 into the high-pressure pipe line 9. At suitable intervals along this pipe to line, branch lines 23 and 24 are connected into the main high-pressure line 9. As many branch lines as desired, determined by the size of the circulating system, may be taken off of this highpressure line andlead through suitable piping 65 and flexible tubing to spray guns 25 and 26. As many spray guns as desired may be used, depending upon the work to be done and the capacity of the system. These guns are similar to the spray gun l3 of Figure 1, and are provided 70.

with the usual nozzles and trigger members.

A suitable compressed air inlet leads into each of the guns 25 and 26, and may be supplied from a single source of compressed air. Leading to the inlets 21 and 28 of the spray guns 2! and 26, 75.-

respectively, are, the tubings 29 and 30 which conduct the spraying liquid from the branch lines 23 and 24 to the spray guns. Suitable outlets 3i and 32 lead away from the guns and out into the return line of the circulating system.

Pressure gauges 33 and 34am placed in the return line before the valves 35 and 3B and these valves are connected to the main return line |8- oi the system. The return line l8 leads to a suitable pressure control valve I9 disposed adjacent the mixing tank I, and leads through the gas-tight connection 2! to the nozzle 22. This is all the same as disclosed in the detailed description of Figure 1.

It is thus apparent that each oi. the guns is T bridged across the pipes 9 and I8 and the valves in the branch lines '23 and 24 and the valves 35 and 36 placed in these secondary circulating systems regulate the pressure at each of the 20 individual guns. By \properly adjusting the valves it is possible to maintain the same pres-;

sure at each gun, and by properly adjusting the valve is this pressure may be varied through a very wide range.

, As noted in connection with Figure 1, ii. the spraying liquid is relatively heavy, or if the length of piping is of considerable extent, a second regulating valve 31 may be provided for the purpose of cooperating with the valve is to control the pressure in the circulating system.

' It is apparent that the efiectiveness of this circulating system is dependent to a considerable extent upon the size of the rotary pump 1, and also upon the speed at which the pump op- 35 crates. This speed, of course, may be varied widely, depending upon the spraying liquid being used. The pump must have a sufllcient capacity to maintain the required pressure, regardless 01' whether paints having relatively light 40 or heavy pigments are used. In one of the systems actually in use, it has been found that the spraying liquid contained in the tank I, from one to two gallons, is entirely circulated through the system every ten seconds. It is seen, therefore,

45 that a very eifective mixing of the paint components is provided, and that the constant circulation of the liquid through the system under constant pressure, provides a very eiIective method of supplying a uniform mixture of the 50 liquid to the spray guns.

In order to clean the circulating system, all

that is necessary is to drain oi! the spraying -liquid remaining in the system after the gun has been used, and then partially fill the agitat- 55 mg tank with the cleaning fluid. The tank is I then closed. and the system is set in operation.

The cleaning fluid is circulated through all of the passages at a very high rate of speed so that quite an eflective cleaning .is accomplished in a go very short time. Inasmuch as the cleaning fluid used in practically all cases is extremely inflammable, it is important that the explosion and fire hazards be practically eliminated.

- As will be apparent from a survey 01' this sys- 05 tem, it is seen that the entire system is closed to any outside ignition sources, and that the quantity of air that may remain in the circulating system can be reduced to as small an amount as desired, by controlling the level of liquid in 7 the agitating tank I. Also, because 01' the closed type of circulating system, it is possibleto exclude practically all foreign matter from the spraying liquid, and thus to preserve the uniiorm mixture of the paint components in such a man- 75 nor as to provide a spray which will be very smooth and will eflect a uniform coating over the object being sprayed.

The only limitation imposed with respect to the number of guns desired is the capacity of the pump 1 and the size of the agitating tank i. 5 However, this is a matter of design only, and I contemplate the provision of a suitable pump and tank that will provide suificient capacity for any desired number of guns.

It is thus apparent that I have provided a mixto ing and circulating system which is comparatively inexpensive to construct, and which may be used with oneor a plurality of spray guns. The system is capable of providing a uniform mixture throughout the entire circulating portion thereof, and also maintains a uniform adiustable pressure at the point of application. In addition to these features, the entire system is closed, and thus eliminates the possibility of explosion and fire hazard, or the loss of volatile 2i) paint vehicles by evaporation, as well as excluding' the admixture of any foreign matter to the solution.

It is to be understood that I do not intend to be limited to the exact system shown and described in connection with the particular embodirnent disclosed in the drawing, but only insofar as defined by the scope and spirit of the appended claims.

I claim: 1. In a liquid circulating and mixing system,

a liquid reservoir, a closed circulatory system having an inlet and a discharge passage con- ,nected to the reservoir, means for circulating liquid through said system under pressure, a pluralty of parallel connections between the inlet and discharge ends of the system, discharge means connected to said parallel connections, means for independently regulating the pressure in each of said parallel connections, and means located in the circulatory system beyond the points of connection of the final parallel connections for controlling the flow through the system.

2. In a liquid circulating and mixing system, a liquid reservoir, a closed circulatory system comprising common inlet and discharge passages and a plurality of parallel connections between the inlet and discharge passages, discharge means connected to certain of the parallel passages, means for passing a fluid from the reservoir under pressure to the system, means in the common discharge passage for controlling pressure in the system, and means in the parallel connections for controlling the pressure in each connection, one of said connections having no discharge means connected thereto and serving as a by-pass between the inlet and discharge passages.

3. In a liquid circulating and mixing system, a liquid reservoir, 9. closed circulatory system having an inlet and a discharge passage connected to the reservoir, means for circulating liquid through said system under pressure, a

plurality of parallel connections between the inlot and discharge ends of the system, discharge means connected to said parallel connections, means for independently regulating the pressure in each of said parallel connections, and discharge means on the discharge end of the system so located in the reservoir as to cause agitation of the liquid in the reservoir by the return flow to the reservoir.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2462034 *Aug 17, 1945Feb 15, 1949Lee Lavere ThompsonSpraying system
US2488089 *May 10, 1945Nov 15, 1949Vilbiss CoSpray gun attachment
US2501779 *Aug 17, 1945Mar 28, 1950Dearborn Chemicals CoApparatus for applying protective coating material to the inside of a pipe or the like
US2596074 *Feb 20, 1948May 6, 1952 H hawes
US2596151 *Feb 27, 1948May 13, 1952J H RainesPumping system
US2614525 *Apr 26, 1947Oct 21, 1952Stearns Mfg CompanyApparatus for oiling and cleaning pallets
US2638224 *May 29, 1947May 12, 1953Gorman Rupp CoApparatus for cleansing septic tanks
US2692164 *Apr 23, 1951Oct 19, 1954Armstrong Cork CoMethod and apparatus for controlling differential flow of materials
US2771255 *Feb 28, 1952Nov 20, 1956Young Raymond AMounting and drive for helicopter rotor
US2778991 *Jun 27, 1951Jan 22, 1957Belden Mfg CoSplice detection procedures and apparatus
US2791198 *Feb 9, 1955May 7, 1957 Pipe coating apparatus including hot
US2865614 *Jan 30, 1957Dec 23, 1958 Machine for coloring paints
US2866434 *Sep 10, 1951Dec 30, 1958Conforming Matrix CorpSpray painting machine
US2962763 *Aug 5, 1957Dec 6, 1960Phillips Petroleum CoPelleting of carbon black
US2967112 *Mar 10, 1959Jan 3, 1961Pilkington Brothers LtdMethod and apparatus for applying metal-depositing solutions
US3010845 *May 15, 1957Nov 28, 1961Goodrich Co B FMethod and apparatus for decorating web or sheet material with glitter
US3056383 *Apr 7, 1959Oct 2, 1962Woock Herbert JApparatus for hard facing metallic articles
US3056591 *Dec 2, 1959Oct 2, 1962Electro Chemical Engineering &System and apparatus for preparing and supplying materials to an applicator
US3056693 *Apr 7, 1959Oct 2, 1962Herbert J WoockMethod of hard facing metallic articles
US3089514 *Jul 12, 1961May 14, 1963Gustav H SudmeierTemperature-stabilized plumbing system
US3156646 *Jul 3, 1962Nov 10, 1964Cameron Byron RApparatus for digestion of waste removed from septic tanks
US3174506 *Oct 1, 1962Mar 23, 1965Alpura AgHomogenizing apparatus
US3182683 *Oct 2, 1961May 11, 1965Beloit Iron WorksPaper stock flow system
US3348774 *Mar 18, 1965Oct 24, 1967Gyromat CorpSemi-automatic color change system for paint spray installation
US3377987 *Oct 21, 1966Apr 16, 1968Ransburg Electro Coating CorpSpray coating system
US3385522 *May 20, 1966May 28, 1968Vilbiss CoCleaning device for liquid pressure regulating apparatus
US3458133 *Oct 20, 1967Jul 29, 1969Gyromat CorpPurging system for a spray painting installation
US3529626 *May 31, 1968Sep 22, 1970Aro CorpRecirculating hose assembly
US3590775 *Feb 26, 1968Jul 6, 1971Barr Stuart WGlue spray system
US3829016 *Oct 16, 1972Aug 13, 1974Ransburg Electro Coating CorpApparatus for spraying resin and expanded thermoplastic spheres
US4385640 *May 12, 1981May 31, 1983Thomas D. McKaneHydraulic unloader
US4653532 *Nov 18, 1985Mar 31, 1987Graco Inc.Loop injection circulation system
US4886086 *Dec 23, 1987Dec 12, 1989Graco, Inc.Non-degrading pressure regulator
US4919159 *Jun 29, 1988Apr 24, 1990Ceiling Doctor International Inc.Method and apparatus for cleaning the interior surfaces of buildings, and especially ceilings of office buildings
US5121857 *Jul 11, 1989Jun 16, 1992Corrugated Products LimitedAgitating and dispensing arrangement for bag-in-box containers
US5445674 *Jun 16, 1994Aug 29, 1995The Pillsbury CompanyDevice for dispensing thixotropic sauce onto pizza crusts
US5554225 *Mar 20, 1995Sep 10, 1996The Pillsbury CompanyDevice for dispensing thixotropic materials
US7293720 *Oct 31, 2003Nov 13, 2007Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Fluid balanced paint system
US8113236 *Jul 17, 2007Feb 14, 2012Mega Fluid Systems, Inc.System and method for delivering chemicals
US8402998 *Jan 12, 2012Mar 26, 2013Mega Fluid Systems, Inc.System and method for delivering chemicals
US8500040Mar 21, 2011Aug 6, 2013Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Circulating paint systems and article coating methods
US8657210Feb 27, 2009Feb 25, 2014Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Circulating paint systems
US20040154532 *Oct 31, 2003Aug 12, 2004Ramsay Paul B.Fluid balanced paint system
US20070256631 *May 3, 2007Nov 8, 2007Brad LintnerCoating distribution system with inline injection of additives and method of using the same
US20080012157 *Jul 17, 2007Jan 17, 2008David KandiyeliSystem and method for delivering chemicals
US20080085219 *Oct 5, 2006Apr 10, 2008Beebe David JMicrofluidic platform and method
US20080087333 *Oct 10, 2007Apr 17, 2008Hilti AktiengesellschaftMobile fluid feeding apparatus for a power tool
US20100200667 *Aug 12, 2010Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Circulating paint systems
US20110163174 *Jul 7, 2011Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Circulating paint systems and article coating methods
US20120111413 *Jan 12, 2012May 10, 2012Mega Fluid Systems, Inc.System and Method for Delivering Chemicals
DE1174220B *Jun 27, 1959Jul 16, 1964Walter BaerwolfSpritzmaschine fuer zur Entmischung neigende Farben
EP0819477A2 *Jul 9, 1997Jan 21, 1998Illinois Tool Works Inc.Hot melt adhesive applicator
WO1982000725A1 *Aug 17, 1981Mar 4, 1982J IversonFluid flow control device
U.S. Classification137/563, 137/544, 239/332, 239/127, 118/302
International ClassificationB05B7/24, B05B9/04
Cooperative ClassificationB05B9/0416, B05B9/0423, B05B7/2486, B05B7/2489
European ClassificationB05B7/24F, B05B9/04B9, B05B7/24G, B05B9/04B7