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Publication numberUS2022696 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1935
Filing dateJun 17, 1932
Priority dateJun 17, 1932
Publication numberUS 2022696 A, US 2022696A, US-A-2022696, US2022696 A, US2022696A
InventorsHorton Albert J, Tomlin John R
Original AssigneeIrving Trust Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Printing machine
US 2022696 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I Dec. 3, 1935. J. R, ToMLIN ET AL PRINTING MACHINE Filed June 17, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTORS. l,

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PRINTING MACH INE Filed June 17, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTQRS.

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Patented Dec. 3, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT- OFFICE PRINTING MACHINE York Application June 17, 1932, Serial No. 617,754

7 Claims.

A vide a more convenient and more eilcient method and means for driving printing machines.

A more particular object of the invention is to provide an improved method and combination of means for driving the various major operating units or components of printing machines.

A further object is to provide a driving system for a printing machine which embodies individual driving motors for certain elements of a printing machine, the driving motors being electrically interconnected by synchronizing means for maintaining a corresponding synchronization of the printing cylinders or rollers.

Another object is to provide an independent motor drive for each printing cylinder and for each. folding cylinder of a printing machine, with a View to eliminating interconnecting drive shafts, gear trains and mechanism generally associated with conventional drive systems for printing maohines.

It is also an object of the invention to provide driving mechanism for printing machines of generally improved construction, whereby the device will be simple in construction, and durable a's well as convenient, practical, serviceable and efficient in .its use.

With the foregoing and other objects in View, which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts, and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that various changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The system herein contemplated eliminates practically all interconnecting drive shafts and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure J. is a fragmentary elevational view of a printing machine embodying the invention; as seen in the direction of the arrow l of 'Figure 2; 5

Figure 2 is a fragmentary elevational View of the invention; and

Figure 3 is a fragmentary elevational view of the machine as seen in the direction of the arrow 3 of Figure 2. k 10 Figure 4 is a diagrammatic view of the electric circuit to the driving and self synchronizing motors.

While the preferred form of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, it is to be understood that the various instrumentalities of which the invention consists can be variously arranged and organized, and that the invention is not limited to the precise arrangement and organization oi the instrumentalities as herein shown and described,

In the drawings, wherein similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several views of the preferred form of the invention, and referring to Figure 1, Il designates a supporting frame on which a plurality of printing units are secured. Each of the said printing units comprises a printing couple consisting of two major operating members, a plate cylinder and an impression cylinder, the respective plate and impression cylinders in the upper and lower pairs being `numbered I2, i3, lll and l5 which are the upper and lower printing couples respectively, generally referred to in the aggregate :is a perfecting unit. Each of the printing couples has connected thereto an inkiug mechanism which includes as a major member, an inking cylinder I5, I 'l for each of the said printing couples l2, I3, I4 and l5 respectively.

As an important feature of the present inven- 40 tion, an individual motor is coupled to the shaft of each of the major rotating members of the printing machine, i. e., the plate impression and inking cylinders, these motors being numbered I2', i3', I4', l5', IS and l1 respectively, the i primed members indicating the motors of the adjacent members. The motors are conveniently supported on brackets or platforms which are bolted, or otherwise suitably secured to the frame Il, the arrangements shown being found satisfactory, although any other suitable method or means may be employed.

1n the present instance, by way of example, a bracket lvsecured to the frame ll, supports the motor Il', while another bracket i9 fastened to 55 Cil the frame is adapted to support the three motors, two of which I4', I5' depend from the underneath side of the` bracket I9 while the third I6' is seated on the top. of the same bracket.

In a similar manner, a pair of motors I2 and I3 are secured in depending relation to a bracket 20 bolted or otherwise suitably fixed to the frame I I.

The respective shafts of the motors may be joined to the adjacent shafts of the plate, impression', inking and folding cylinders, and also the drag roller, by couplings 2|, or in any other suitable manner, the shafts of the said cylinders being rotatably mounted in means secured to the frame II. Each of the motors, above mentioned, may be of a direct current type or alternating current type, and each equipped with a synchronizing device S coupled immediately thereto or to the shaft of the said motor.

'Ihe synchronizing devices which are preferably actuated by polyphase alternating current, may be of well-known construction, having wound rotors, the function of the synchronizing devices being to maintain the speed of each motor absolutely synchronous with all the others. Those versed in the art will understand that this is accomplished by connecting the stators of the several synchronizing devices in parallel and to a polyphase alternating current line, and con-- necting all their rotors in parallel in a separate circuit, as shown in Figure 4.

The major folding members of the printing machine are likewise operated by synchronized motors which are maintained in absolute step with the units shown in Figures 1 and 2 by synchronizing units S attached thereto. The portion of the folding mechanism actually shown, includes the forwarding or drag roller 22 from which the web W passes to a V-shaped former 23 and thence to a folding cylinder 24. The forwarding roller 22 is operated by a motor 2| having attached thereto a synchronizer S, while the folding cylinder 24 is actuated by a motor 25 also provided with a synchronizer S. In certain types of printing machines .it may be desirable to drive other rotary operating members of the machines by separate or individual motors. In such cases, the folder fans, nipping rollers, web guide rollers, and the like may, each be driven by separate motors in the manner hereinbefore disclosed, and inasmuch as the same principle and structure are employed in each instance these additional motors are not here illustrated.

All of the motors, it will now be understood, are operated in parallel and are electricallycoupled so that all operate in synchronism. The synchronizing devices are preferably energized before power is applied to the said motors, and remain energized until the machine stops. Three of the direct current drive 'motors I2', I3' and I4 are diagrannnatically illustrated in Figure 4, and their field coils are excited by direct current supplied through feed wires or buses 30 and 32, from any suitable generating source, not shown. Direct current is supplied to the armature or rotor windings of the drive motors from a suitable source, not shown, through feed wires or buses 34 and 36. When electric current is supplied to the drive motors through the usual control mechanism, not shown, all of these motors will operate at approximately the same speed, but in order to insure that they will operate or rotate in absolute synchronism, self synchronizing motors are provided, and the rotor of each self synchronizing motor is mechanically connected to a drive motor by securing the rotor of the self synchronizing motor 'directly to the rotatable armature shaft of the drive motor. The stators of the self synchronizing motors S are connected in parallel, as illustrated in Figure 4, in a three Wire, three phase alternating current line, the wires or buses being indicated at 38, 40 and 42. Any suitable control mechanism, not shown, may be employed for controlling the 1f) alternating current supplied through 'the wires or buses 38, 40 and 42 to the stators of the self synchronizing motors S. Ihe rotors R of the self synchronizing motors are tied together in parallel through three Wires 44, 48 and 48, but' no external potential is supplied to these wires.

By this arrangement the self synchronizing motors S operate in accurate synchron'lsm, and, inasmuch. as the rotors of these motors are mechanically connected directly to the rotor or armature shafts of the drive motors, all of the drive motors are consequently driven in absolute synchronism, thus insuring that all of the major operating components of' the printing machine are driven in exact synchronism.

The particular arrangement shown is illustrative of printing machines in general and it is of course to be understood that the method'xnay be advantageously adapted with printing machines of diverse. description, which have here- 30 tofore customarily employed a single motor or a main power distributing shaft.

What we claim is:

1. In a web printing machine, the combination of a frame, perfecting printing couples op- 3 erably supported by the frame, inking mechanisms for the printing couples, each printing couple including a rotary impression cylinder and a rotary plate cylinder, a separate synchronized motor unit for each cylinder, each motor unit 40 positioned in axial alignment With each cylinder and coupled directly with the cylinder and including a driving motor and a synchronizing device coupled directly to the driving motor, each synchronizing device including a stator and n.45 rotor, the stators being connected in parallel to a polyphase alternating current source, and the rotors connected in parallel in, a separate circuit.

2. In a web printing machine, the combination of a frame, perfecting printing couples operably 50 supported by the frame, inking mechanisms for the printing couples, each printing couple including a rotary impression cylinder and a rotary plate cylinder, a separate synchronized motor unit for each cylinder, each motor unit positioned in axial alignment with each cylinder and coupled directly with the cylinder and including a driving motor and a synchronizing device coupled directly to the driving motor, each synchronizing device including astator and a rotor, the stators being connected in parallel to a polyphase alternating current source, the rotors connected in parallel in a separate circuit, and means for energizing the synchronizing devices before energizing the driving motors. j

3. In a web printing machine, the combination of a frame, perfecting printing couples, inking mechanisms for the printing couples, each print- Cil ing couple including an impression cylinder and a plate cylinder, the said cylinders being rotatably mounted on and positioned within vthe frame, brackets carried by the frame and positioned outside thereof, a synchronizing motor unit positionedin axial alignment with and immediately connected to each cylinder, the motor units beliti ing positioned outside the frame and supported by the said brackets. I

4. In a web printing machine, the combination of a frame, perfecting printing couples, each printing couple including an impression printing cylinder and a plate printing cylinder, the said cylinders being rotatably mounted on and positioned within the frame, an inking mechanism for each plate cylinder, each inking mechanism including a source of ink supply, an inking cylinder, and cooperating ink distributing rollers, the lnk cylinders being rotatably mounted on and positioned within the frame, brackets carried by and positioned outside the frame, a synchronized motor unit positioned in axial alignment with and immediately connected to each printing and inking cylinder, the motor unit being positioned outside the frame and supported by the brackets.

5. In a web printing machine, the combination of a frame, perfecting printing couples, each printing couple including an impression printing cylinder and a plate printing cylinder, the said cylinders being rotatably mounted on and posi--l tioned within the frame, an inlring mechanism for each plate cylinder, each inking mechanism including a source of ink supply, an inking cylinder, and cooperating distributing rollers, the inning cylinders being rotatably mounted on and positioned Within the frame, a folding mechanism supported by the frame, the folding mechanism including a folding cylinder and cooperating components, said folding cylinder 'being rotatably mounted on and positioned within the frame, brackets carried by and positioned outside the frame, a synchronized motor unit positioned in axial alignment with and immediately connected to each printing cylinder, inking cylinder and folding cylinder, the motor units being positioned including a source of ink supply, an inlring cylinder, and cooperating ink distributing rollers, the linking cylinders being rotatably 'mounted on and positioned within the frame, a folding mechanisln supported by the trame, the :folding mech@ anism including a drag roller, former, folding cylinder, and cooperating components, the drag roller and folding cylinder being rotatably mounted on and positioned within the frame, v

brackets carried by and positioned outside the frame, a synchronized motor unit positioned in axial alignment with and immediately connected to each printing cylinder, inning cylinder, iolding cylinder and the drag roller, the motor units be-n ing positioned outside the trame and supported by the said brackets.

7. in a web printing machine having major `operating rotary members, a separate synchronized motor unit positioned coaxially with and coupled directly to each major operating rotary member, each synchronized motor unit including a driving motor and a synchronizing device coupled directly to the driving motor, each. synchronizing device including a stator and a rotor, tite stators being connected in parallel to a polyphase alter- :dating current source, and the rotors connected 35

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2706944 *Jan 17, 1950Apr 26, 1955M B Claff & Sons IncMethod and machine for making box blanks
US5542353 *Dec 15, 1994Aug 6, 1996Cuir (S.A.)Process and installation for sheet-by-sheet printing
US5615609 *Aug 21, 1995Apr 1, 1997The Lawrence Paper CompanySystem and method for controlling AC motor driven multi-unit printing press
US5836245 *Jun 18, 1993Nov 17, 1998Koenig & Bauer-Albert AktiengesellschaftDrive for a multi-color web-fed rotary printing press
US5950538 *Jul 22, 1997Sep 14, 1999Koenig & Bauer--Albert AktiengesellschaftPrinting unit having drive means
US5983794 *Sep 15, 1998Nov 16, 1999Heidelberger Druckmashinen AgImprinter printing unit for a web rotary printing press
US6032579 *Jun 14, 1999Mar 7, 2000Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgPrinting unit for a web-fed rotary printing press
US6050185 *Nov 26, 1997Apr 18, 2000Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgPrinting unit for a web-fed rotary printing press
US6408748 *Feb 9, 1995Jun 25, 2002Man Roland Druckmaschinen AgOffset printing machine with independent electric motors
US6776750 *May 21, 2002Aug 17, 2004Man Roland Druckmaschinen AgDrive for a folder
US7146908 *Jul 27, 2005Dec 12, 2006Man Roland Druckmaschinen AgOffset printing machine
CN1062811C *Dec 30, 1994Mar 7, 2001居伊尔机构股份有限公司Process and installation for sheet-by-sheet printing
DE4143597C5 *Nov 22, 1991Jun 26, 2008Baumüller Anlagen-Systemtechnik GmbH & Co.Druckmaschine mit wenigstens einem elektromotorisch angetriebenen, axial verstellbaren Zylinder oder sonstigen Drehkörper
DE4223583A1 *Jul 17, 1992Jan 20, 1994Heidelberger Druckmasch AgPrinting machine with several forme cylinders - which are mutually independently rotatable into any arbitrary position
DE4223583B4 *Jul 17, 1992Feb 24, 2005Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgVerfahren zum Antreiben beim Plattenwechsel bei einer Bogendruckmaschine und Antrieb zur Durchführung des Verfahrens
DE4245061B4 *Jul 17, 1992Mar 8, 2012Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgPrinting machine with several forme cylinders - which are mutually independently rotatable into any arbitrary position
DE19539984A1 *Oct 27, 1995Apr 30, 1997Roland Man DruckmaschDrive for rotary printing press
DE19539984C2 *Oct 27, 1995Jul 2, 1998Roland Man DruckmaschAntrieb für ein Druckwerk
DE19539984C3 *Oct 27, 1995May 23, 2002Roland Man DruckmaschAntrieb für ein Druckwerk
EP0621133A1 *Apr 22, 1993Oct 26, 1994Baumüller Nürnberg GmbhMethod and arrangement for an electric motor for driving a rotary body, in particular a printing cylinder of a printing machine
EP0741019A2Apr 19, 1996Nov 6, 1996Maschinenfabrik WifagIndividually driven folding apparatus for a rotary printing machine
EP1277575A1Aug 18, 1995Jan 22, 2003MAN Roland Druckmaschinen AGOffset printing machine
EP1493563A2 *Aug 18, 1995Jan 5, 2005MAN Roland Druckmaschinen AGOffset printing press
Classifications
U.S. Classification270/5.1, 101/220, 318/42
International ClassificationB41F13/004
Cooperative ClassificationB41P2213/734, B41F13/0045
European ClassificationB41F13/004B