|Publication number||US2023531 A|
|Publication date||Dec 10, 1935|
|Filing date||Mar 25, 1935|
|Priority date||Dec 23, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2023531 A, US 2023531A, US-A-2023531, US2023531 A, US2023531A|
|Inventors||Schmidt Werner Albert, Kleinschmit Oskar, Geissler Walter|
|Original Assignee||Brehmer Geb|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 10, 1935. o, KLE|NSCHM|T ET AL 2,023,531
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING SHEETS TO FOLDING MACHINES Filed March l25, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet l l Weissler Dec. 10, 1935. O, KLElNSCHMlT El-AL 2,023,531
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING SHEETS TO FOLDING MACHINES Filed March 25, 1955 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fig. 2.
Arrow/EY@ De 10, 1935- o. KLElNscHMlT ETAL 2,023,531
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING SHEETS TO FOLDING MACHINES Filed March 25, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Fig. 5.
15mg, 9&2 2,
Arrow/fm1 Dec. 10, 1935. o. KLEINSCHMIT ET AL 2,023,531
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING SHEETS TO FOLDING MACHINES Filed March 25, 1955 5 sheets-sheet 4 Dec 10, 1935. o. KLElNscHMlT :r AL 2,023,531
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING SHEETS TO FOLDING MACHINES Filed March 25, `1935 5 Sheets-Shea?l 5 Patented Dec. 10, 1935 APPARATUS FOR FEEDING SHEETS T0 FOLDING MACHINES Oskar Kleinschmit, Walter Geissler, and Werner Albert Schmidt, Leipzig-Plagwitz, Germany, assignors to Gebruder Brehmer, Leipzig-Plagwitz, Germany Application March 25, 1935, Serial No., 12,944 In Germany December 23, 1933 s claims. (ci. 271-38) The present invention relates to mechanism for feeding individual sheets from a stack successively to a sheet folding device comprising a folding pocket, from either the top or the bottom of the stack, so as to form an endless succession of sheets.
'Ihe main object of the invention is to reduce the distance travelled by the sheets between the original stack and the folding mechanism, the
invention providing a mechanism which ensures that the sheets are automatically fed forward one upon the other with a uniform overlap which can be adjusted at will.
The method of feeding sheets individually from a stack to a folding device, comprising a buckle folding pocket,`,according to this invention, consists in feeding the sheets from a fanned-out stack in a continuous stream by the co-operation of two separate relatively adjustable feeding devices simultaneously employed for separating and conveying said sheets from the stack in succession with an overlap which is automatically determinedvand maintained in accordance with a predetermined distance between the twosaid feedthe second co-operating suction feeder device which is applied to the medial portion of the sheet stack takes hold of the middle of the uppermost (or lowermost) sheet of the stack and advances it until its leading edge is taken up by the first feeding device. A
At the moment whenthe -rst sheet has been fed halfway past the suction feeder, i. e. is only half covering the next sheet of the stack, the rearedge of the first sheet becomes free of the suction feeder which then acts upon the -next sheet, which in turn becomes fed forward at'the same speed as the rst sheet. Since they are both fed -forward at the same speed they will remain overlapped to an extent depending upon the distance between Athe two feeding devices.
It is immateriallto the invention whether the sheets are fed to the folding mechanism from the top or the bottom of the stack.
When however the sheets are fed from the bottom of the stack the first device feeding the folding mechanism is located at a level below that of the advancing sheet so that its leading edge is deiiected or bent downwardly. Within this sheet defiecting portion of the sheet track detecting mechanism is arranged that is automatically controlled by the leading edge of the advancing v sheet for the automatic control of the intermittent feed from the stack. 10
The prearranged stack is fed into the machine by a conveyor belt driven by a shaft also driving at a higher speed a feed roller associated with a curved guide plate providing a curved path for fanning the leading edges of the sheets and co- 15 operating with a presser roller, bearing on the surface of the rst roller through-an aperture in the guide plate to grip and successively pull forward theleading sheets.
The invention is illustrated by Way of example 20 in the accompanying drawings showing, by way of example only, two constructions of machines according thereto: In these drawings:-
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional diagram in two parts of one construction of a machine ac- 25 cording to the invention with certain parts removed for the sake of clearness in which the sheets are removed from the lower end of the stack.
Figure 2 isv a diagrammatic plan View in two 30 parts of the machine shown in Figure 1.
Figures 3 and 4 are detail diagrams showing respectively in side elevation and plan view, the sheet feeding control mechanism, and the braking device of Figures 1 and 2. 35
Figure 5 is a view of the sheet feeding control mechanism shown in Figures 3 and 4, with the parts in position to cause sheet feeding to take place.
Figure 6 is a longitudinal and diagrammatic 40 sectional view. of an alternative construction of machine, in which the sheets are removed from the bottom of the stack. t I
Figure 7 isA an enlarged view of the first mechanism for fanning out the sheets, in the machine 45 I' of Figure 6L, A 'D Figures 8 and 9 are-detail views illustrating the detector mechanism within a sheet deflecting portionof the feed track of Figure 6, Figure 8 showing theparts in normal position and Figure 9 50 with the detector operating'to cause stoppage of the sheet feed. v
'Figures 10 and 11 are views illustrating the methods of folding the .overlapped sheets.
In both arrangements, whether the sheets are 55 are fed to the folding mechanism overlapped to the extent determined by the distance between the adjustable feeding devices,y and their arrival lat the folding pockets must be so timed that the front end of one sheet commences to enter the first folding pocket when the preceding sheet has buckled and commenced to travel in the reverse direction, out of the pocket. Consequently, in the case of Figures 1 and 2 the sheets must pass into the lower pocket 2 and the upper pocket I must be closed by a device such as the shutter l, as shown in Figure 10, whilst in the case of Figures 6 and '7 folding must take place in the upper pocket l, and the lower pocket 2 must be closed, as shown in Figure 11.
In Figures 1 and 2 of the drawings the suction feeding device is indicated generally by the reference B, the first feeding device by E, and the folding machine by F.
Referring now to Figures 1 and 2, a is the stack of sheets upon a supporting table for feeding to the folding mechanism at F. Above the stack is disposed the suction feeding device B, which comprises a suction band bv passing round rollers b', b2, b3. A vacuum is maintained in thesuction box c which is disposed within the band b, and this draws the uppermost sheet into contact with the band so that it is carried along at the same speed as the band until it is taken up by "the first feeding device E. This comprises rollers d, d which transfer the sheets on to the travelling tapes e by which they are carried to the rollers of the folding mechanism F.
The distance between roller b3 and roller d is approximately half the width of a sheet if the sheets are to overlap to that extent. On the rear portion of the sheet stack rests the braking device 7c, which in this case is in the form of a gravity shoe or claw having a plurality of separate hooks loosely mounted and arranged in arrow head formation (Figures 2, 3 and 4). 'I'his brake is adjustable to suit the size of the sheets and is so disposed that only the foremost hooks are still in contact with the rear portion of the uppermost sheet when its leading edge reaches the rollers d d'. The underlying sheet is therefore held back by the frictional drag of a considerable number of claw hooks. Other kinds of brake devices, for example, a moving or stationary suction tube or roller may be employed.
The suction feeding device B is mounted on supports w which may be locked in position after adjustment along the guide rods w in the longitudinal direction of the sheets to give different extents of overlap, its suction and driving mechanism beingl such as to permit this, and the feeding rollers d d may be also relatively adjustable. Provision may also be made for vertical adjustment' of the suction feeding device B. Such adjustment may .be effected automatically, but as a rule will not be required since the suction should be suiiicient to make the topmost sheet jump towards the suction band. A single suction feeding device B may be employed disposed centrally of the sheet as shewn or several of them may be employed distributed transversely of the sheet surface.
At the forward end of the table supporting the sheet stack a is disposed a curved guide plate or ramp n Figures 3, 4 and 5, which guides the uppermost sheet between the feed rollers d d'. For controlling the feed of the sheets a feeler linger m plate n, the parts are in the positions shown in bears through a slot in the plate u on the edge ofthe sheet stack (see Figures 3 and 4). Normally this finger 'm is pushed back by the edge of the sheet stack to lie flush with the surface of plate n, offering no impedance to the removal 5 of the top sheet. If, however, there is no second sheet in engagement with the nger m, the latter can swing forward and thus set the feeding mechanism into operation.
To this end the nger m is mounted on a 10 'spindle carrying two levers p and q and a gravity slide r normally holds the lever p in the lower position, owing to the provision of a counter weight on lever q. l
Beneath the slide ris disposed a locking member s which rests on a supporting pin and is connected with and movable with a pawl lever which is spring held at its lower end and is oscillated at its upper end by a rotating cam. This pawl is adapted to operate a ratchet wheel, rotation 20 of which supplies additional sheets to underneath stack a as hereinafter described. When the iinger m is in its backward position, i. e. a suiiicient number of sheets is in contact with the guide 25 Figure 3, with the slide r lowered into engagement with the step t of locking member s. The pawl lever is thus locked in the forward position in which its driving cam is ineffective. Consequently the paper feed to stack a is interrupted. 30 However, on there being insufllcient sheets in stack a the finger m moves forward, thereby raising slide r and releasing locking member s, whereby the pawl lever comes into operation to feed the paper forward into the stack a through 35 its ratchet wheel (Figure 5). When a sufficient number of sheets is again in the stack a the finger m is pushed back, the slide r drops and the paper feed becomes suspended again.
'I'he sheets are supplied to the stack a from an 40 inclined table 22 mounted above the stack a and discharging to a fixed roller 23 to the surface of which it is held by the endless conveyor 24. The roller 23 rotates under the influence of the conveyor belt 24 which is intermittently driven 45 through roller 25, by the pawl and ratchet gear controlled by finger m as already explained.
The machine so far described operates as follows:-
After adjustment of the suction feeder B, say 50 to half the sheet length from d, and with the sheet stack a full, the machine is. started up and the uppermost sheet will be sucked up and carried along the transfer band b until its leading edge is engaged between rollers d d which move 55 at the same speed as the linear speed of band b.
At this moment it becomes free of the brake lc which then acts to hold back the underlying sheets While the top sheet is pulled off by the rollers d d'. When the rear edge of the top 60 sheet arrives at b3 it is half overlapping the underlylng sheet and immediately afterwards, as soon as any suction openings of the band are uncovered by the top sheet, the underlying sheet is sucked up by the feeder B and carried along at 65 the same speed as the topmost sheet. The overlap is thus maintained and the same operation is repeated with successive sheets.
In order completely to eliminate the drag caused by adhesion of the sheets the machine v'preferably includes air blast nozzles :c operative ducing the friction between sheets to a minimum and avoiding any tendency to premature feeding of the second sheet even with greatly increased working speed.
Turning now to the alternative arrangements shewn in Figures 6 to 9, as shewn in Figure 6 and more clearly in Figure 7 in this case the stacks a are placed by hand upon a conveyor belt running over the surface of the table at the right hand endvof Figure 6 after slightpre-arrangement by hand so that the leading edges of the sheets presented to the lower feed roller 4 are set back from bottom to ltop, whereby the sheets are drawn, olf in the direction of arrows 5 and pass rou'd roller 4 with the lowermost sheet leading, the sheets being held to roller 4 by an idle conveyor belt 6. The sheets are held down on roller 4 by a presser roller 1 and on reaching position a. the sheets are supported by a conveyor belt 8, Figure 7, (not shown in Figure 6)v passing round rol1er-4 and another roller 9 in a slightly higher position. After reaching position a the sheets pass into a space between the upper feed roller II) and a guide plate II, and owing to the bending of the sheets in passing round roller I their leading edges spread out under the control of the guide plate II.
The sheet immediately next to the roller I0 and originally at the bottom of the pile a will be the leading sheet, and this will contact with the presser roller I2 which bears on the surface of the roller I0 through an aperture in plate II. This roller is faced with rubber, so that the leading sheet will be gripped between rollers I8 and The roller I0 is driven through belt or chain gearing from the shaft which drives the conveyor belt- 6 but at a much greater peripheral speed than the linear speed of the conveyor belt at a and a' and the peripheral speed of roller 4. Consequently the sheet gripped between the rollers I0 and I2 will be accelerated and since it will only be frictionally loaded by the other sheets, it will be easily pulled out from the other sheets.
As each succeeding sheet fanned out against guide plate II comes between rollers I0 and I2 the same action will take place, so that the echeloning of the sheets will be increased by the time they have passed roller II) and reached position a. In other words the stepping of the sheets will be increased and the whole sheet stack, as it were, loosened, to an extent depending upon the relative speeds of 4 and I0.
At position a" the sheets pass in the direction of arrow I3 on to a roller table or on the surface of another conveyor belt I4 passing round roller II) and another roller-I5 located between the suction feeder device I ,6 and the feed device I1, I8.
The suction feeder comprises an exhauster I6 travelling at the same speed as the surfaces of the rollers I1, I8 and intermediate between this device and the roller ill is the suction-roller I9 which has the same surface speed as the conveyor at a" and operates on the lowermost sheet also by suction. The-distance between the exhauster I8 and the rollers I1, i8 is adjusted to half the length of, the sheets which are to, be dealt with iffthe sheets are to overlap to that Aextent and thee brake device I9 is also set at half a sheet length from the exhauster I6.
Should the feed be so rapid that the lowermost leading sheet approaching the device I1, I8 strikes the detector 20, the latter is swungabout its pivot and in doing so breaks an electric oontact at 2I, or operates by some other known means to stop the driving mechanism of the sheets at a, a and a", so that the progress of the sheets is thus arrested.
At the same time, however, the preceding sheet seized by the exhauster I6 and fed to I1, 5
I8 has reached such a position that its rear edge has left the exhauster I6, which then grips the next sheet which had struck the detector 20 and thus arrested the progress of the sheets at a, a' and a". As the sheet is moved forward by ex- 10 hauster I6 its leading edge is deiiected or bent downwardly to the extent of the step 26 in the direction of, the arrow 21 and enters between rollers I1 and I8. The detector 28 is thus Jreleased to swing forward again and make contact at 2l, which renders operative the conveyor mechanism at a, a and a", and causes resumption of the feed, so long as the next sheet has not advanced suiiiciently to prevent the detector from resuming its normal position (Figures 20 8 and 9).
The sheets are fed by the rollers I1, I8 in the direction of the arrow 28, at the required speed for folding, in a double stream of superposed sheets overlapping to such an extent that when the leading sheet starts to buckle after entering the upper folding pocket in the direction of the arrow 29, and its loop formation commences, the front edge of the next sheet will commence entering the folding pocket. Consequently, instead of the sheets when folded being discharged in a stream having gaps equal to the width of the folded sheets, they will be discharged in a continuous stream having no gaps i. e. the output will be double that of machines in which the sheets are fed to the folding mechanism end t0 end instead of in overlapping relation.
'I'he horizontal distance between the rollers and I0 need only be small, since the object is merely to fan out and separatel the leading edges 40 of the sheets, whilst the roller 4 is only provided additionally to the roller I0 in order to absorb the sheet stack and leave the feed table 'free to receive another pile of sheets at a.
The distance from. Ill to I1, I8 need only be so 45 great as to correspond with the largest sheet likely to have to be dealt with, but the brake device I9 must be so disposed that with the largest size of sheet, the roller IIJ and the brake I9 do not interfere with one another in their action. The operation of the exhauster I6 and the brake I9, which may be spaced at any convenient distance, may be effected in any convenient manner, and does not form part of the invention.
An important factor for the smooth working of the machine lies in the provision between the delivery rollers I1, I8 and the folding mechanism, of a blowing device, which is known per se, and which, owing to the deflection of the leading edge of the sheet in striking the detector 20, is enabled to direct a current of air along the upper surface of the sheet, and thus relieve the lowermost sheet engaged in the rollers I1, I8 from the weight of the few sheets lying upon it, thereby almost entirely eliminating frictional drag on the lowermost sheet. 'I'his blowing device comprises one or more pipes 30 provided with discharge nozzles directed in the required manner and a curved guard 3| is provided to prevent the frontvo edge of the sheets from striking the nozzles.
The presser foot roller 1 is of vany desired shape and adaptable to suit the size of the sheets to be dealt with-in such manner as to' hold fast the rear `edge of a sheet whilst th'e preceding 75 sheet is being pulled forward by the rollers III and I2.
The means for conveying the sheets from the device I1, I8 to the folding mechanism may be of any desired kind, the drawings illustrating a well known arrangement of inclined rollers which straighten outthe sheets. Such straightening may, however, be effected in any other suitable and convenient manner.
`From the foregoing it will be appreciated that in` operationgthe loading table at a is supplied with small stasks of fanned-out sheets the steps of which are increased by the rollers I and II, after which the overlap of the sheets is still further reduced to the required amount of half the sheet width by the adjustable feeding devices I8 and Il, I8 before being fed to the folding mechanism in a continuous stream of sheets half overlapping one another. i
It `will be understood that in using this invention in connection with a folding mechanism of the pocket type working on the buckling principle, each sheet will commence to enter a folding pocket just as the previous sheet has buckled and commences to Withdraw from the pocket, so that the time occupiedby a sheet in withdrawing from a pocket is usefully occupied by the next sheet in entering the pocket.
As will be appreciated from the foregoing description the invention enables a folding machine to be supplied with a constantly traveling stream of sheets which are automatically overlapped to the desired extent, havingregard to the folding to be effected, whilst the regularity of the stream ensures great reliability of working, and
owing to its simplicity the mechanism is easy to operate and cheap to manufacture.v Moreover, the highly important advantage is obtained of greatly increased output notwithstanding the i relatively slow rate of feed.
What we claim is:- e y l. Method of feeding sheets individually from a stack of sheets to a folding device comprising.
a buckle folding pocket'which consists in feeding the sheets from a fanned-out stack in a continuous stream from a point in the position of the sheet chosen to give a desired overlap when fed' the position of the sheet.
2. Means for feeding sheets into a folding device, comprising a pair of feed rollers transferring the sheets to a tape or like feed conveyor combined with a suction feeder bearing substantially midway on the foremost sheet of a fanned out sheet stack, said feed rollers and suction feeder being driven to run at the same speed in synchronism with the folding speed and arranged at a distance betweenthem which is adjustable in accordance with the required overlap of the individual sheets they feed in succession from the stack.
3. The method of automatically feeding sheets in accordance with claim 1 into the folding pocket of a buckle folding device characterized by the introduction in a continuous stream Aof consecutive sheets from a sheet stack' into said flrst feeding point on the pocket in such manner that as one sheet is about to move out of said pocket after receiving a fold the next sheet has already entered the pocket,
substantially as described.
4. Means for feeding sheets into a folding device as claimed innclaim 2 in which the suction feeder device acting on the medial portion of the sheet stack is adjustable along the machine, to which end it is carried by a movable mounting which may be locked in adjusted position, substantially as described.
5. In means for feeding sheets into a folding device, as claimed in claim 2, the provision between the two co-operating sheet feeding devices of detecting mechanism automatically controlled by the forward edge of the advancing foremost sheet within a sheet deflecting portion of the feed track for the automatic control of the intermittent stack feed substantially as described.
6. Means for feeding sheets into a folding device, as claimed in claim 2, from the bottom of a o prearranged sta'ck fed into the machine by a conveyor belt driven by a shaft also driving at a higher speed la feed roller associated with a curved guide plate providing a curved path for fanning the leading edges of the sheets and cooperating with a presser roller, bearing on the surface of the first roller through an aperture in the guide plate, to grip and successively pull forward the leading sheets, substantially as described.
WERNER ALBERT SCHMIDT.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2977114 *||Aug 6, 1956||Mar 28, 1961||Pitney Bowes Inc||Document feeding apparatus|
|US3008576 *||Dec 26, 1957||Nov 14, 1961||Pitney Bowes Inc||Document feeding, sorting and stacking device|
|US3039592 *||Jan 29, 1959||Jun 19, 1962||Int Standard Electric Corp||Equipment to supply flat articles to a conveying system|
|US3051309 *||Jan 3, 1958||Aug 28, 1962||Burroughs Corp||Document sorter|
|US3072051 *||Feb 16, 1960||Jan 8, 1963||Kimberly Clark Co||Sheet feeder for printing machine|
|US3198515 *||Apr 5, 1963||Aug 3, 1965||Pitney Robert C||Aerodynamic document handling apparatus|
|US3219339 *||Jul 25, 1962||Nov 23, 1965||Fmc Corp||Article separating apparatus|
|US4781367 *||May 22, 1987||Nov 1, 1988||Albert-Frankenthal Ag||Folding device with pivotable buckle chute roll|
|US4898570 *||Feb 8, 1989||Feb 6, 1990||Pitney Bowes||Method and apparatus for half folding paper sheets|
|U.S. Classification||271/38, 271/5, 493/420, 271/96|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H29/6654, B65H5/24, B65H2511/22, B65H1/225|
|European Classification||B65H1/22R, B65H29/66C, B65H5/24|