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Publication numberUS2024877 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1935
Filing dateDec 14, 1934
Priority dateDec 14, 1934
Publication numberUS 2024877 A, US 2024877A, US-A-2024877, US2024877 A, US2024877A
InventorsHamilton T Reynolds
Original AssigneeHamilton T Reynolds
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Window
US 2024877 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. T. REYNOLDS Dec.-17, 1935.

WINDOW Filed Dec. 14, 1954 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Dec. 17, 1935. H, T. REYNOLDS WINDOW Filed Dec. 14, 1934.

5 Sheets-Sheet 3 s v M n F a W m M w/ W m A} a er 4 m Q A .1. 7F 3 m 2 W 5 5 1 Q 8 w m e 1 I 1 l IJI|.||||l|llllll'w1rllllllllfiknw\\w4q a pz 1' l W 2 Wm 9 W 1 6 Q 5 5 w v n a k 9 H. T. 'EYNQLDS WINDOW Filed Dec 14, 1934 I 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 MW Hamilfon l'lfeynofis H. T. REYNOLDS WINDOW Filed Dec. 14, 1934,

5 Sheets-Sheet 5 mam W30 T56 Mazda Patented Dec. 17, 1935' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 26 Claims.

This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in windows of that type including vertically movable sashes, and has for its object to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, means whereby the upper and lower sashes may be adjusted to any desired angle with respect to a vertical plane, as well as being vertically movable when disposed at an angle to facilitate the reaching of the outside of the sashes to facilitate the cleaning, painting, replacing broken lights, or for any other purpose without the danger attendant upon mounting the window sill to reach the outside of a sash.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, means whereby an upper sash or a lower sash may be turned inside out at any vertical height and vertically moved the same as when in its normal position before being reversed.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, means whereby the vertically movable sashes of a window may be tilted and held in any desired angular position for ventilation.

A further object of the invention is toprovide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, whereby the sashes of the window are hung in a manner to enable either one of them to be expeditiously removed when desired.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a window including vertically movable slides bodily carrying therewith angularly adjustable sashes and with the latter and slides so formed whereby when the sashes are closed they are automatically locked to the slides and a double weather tight contact is had between the sash and slides and between the slides and window frame.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an attachment for the purpose referred to adapted for use in connection with window frames and sashes now in general use without changes in the design of frame, sashes, stop or dispensing with the sash weight cords, pulleys and weights, as well as when installing with respect to the frame and sashes requiring very little mechanical skill and labor reduced to a minimum.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an attachment for the purpose referred to whereby, when used, both sashes will have full track runways; sash weight cords and pulleys are concealed; and adjustable tension is had on weatherstrips.

A further object of the invention is to provide,

in a manner as hereinafter set forth, an attachment for the purpose referred to which may be used on a single sash to reverse in or out; on double hung windows without weights; and on double hung windows with the upper sash weighted.

To the above ends essentially, and to others which may hereinafter appear, this invention consists of such parts and such combination of parts which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a vertical sectional View of a check rail window of known form showing the upper and lower sashes and further illustrating the 5 adaptation of elements of the invention with respect to the sashes and window frame,

Figure 2 is a view in vertical section showing the adaptation with the upper sash of a slide, pivot block, balance arm and latch plate forming elements of the invention,

Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 with the adaptation of a slide, pivot block, balance arm and latch plate forming elements of the invention with respect to the lower sash,

Figure 4 is a fragmentary view looking towards one side of the upper sash pivot block, the latch for the latter and with the block shown in released position,

Figure 5 is a fragmentary view in elevation showing the upper sash and in dotted lines the balance or suspension arm, filler strip and latch for a pivot block arranged on one side of the sash,

Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view illustrating the jamb, Weatherstrip runway, weatherstrip, parting bead, slide, pivot block and a sash,

Figure '7 is a view similar to Figure 4 of the lower sash pivot block and the latch for the latter,

Figure 8 is a horizontal sectional view illustrating the parting bead, the sashes, weatherstrips, Weatherstrip runways, sash cords and jambs,

Figure 9 is a fragmentary view in vertical section illustrating the parting bead and controlling spring therefor,

Figure 10 is a view similar to Figure 5 showing the lower sash and in dotted lines the balance or suspension arm, filler strip and latch for a pivot block arranged on one side of the sash,

Figures 11 and 12 are fragmentary views in front elevation showing respectively a slide and pivot block for the upper sash and a slide and pivot block for the lower sash,

Figure 13 is a view similar to Figure 9 illustrating a modified form of parting bead and a modified form of retaining means forthe weatherstrips,

Figure 14 is a fragmentary view in side elevation showing a modified form of connection between a sash and a balance or suspension arm for the latter,

Figure 15 is a vertical sectional view of a window frame with which is shown associated upper and lower slides and upper and lower sashes and further showing in side elevation the slides adjusted with relation to one side of the frame and the sashes adjusted at right angles to the frame,

Figure 16 is a vertical sectional View of a windew and with which is shown associated upper and lower slides and upper and lower sashes and further showing in side elevation the slides in non-adjusted position and the sashes turned inside out and in parallel relation with respect to the slides,

Figure 1'7 is a fragmentary view in sectional plan illustrating the position of a sash when the latter is to be moved into and moved out of position with respect to a slide,

Figure 18 is a vertical sectional view of a window frame with which is associated a single sash and further illustrating, in side elevation the sash angularly adjusted with respect to the frame, and

Figure 19 is a fragmentary view in sectional planillustrating the invention as used in connection with the single sash shown in Figure 19.

There is illustrated but one side I of a window frame I5, as the other side of the latter will be of the same construction. The top and sill of frame l6 are designated !1, l8 respectively. The sides l5 have attached thereto inside and outside stops IS, 25 respectively which are to be associated with means, to be referred to, to provide runways to be also referred to. The upper and lower sashes which are associated with frame It are indicated at 25, 22 respectively. The stop I9 is lengthwise grooved on its inner face, as at 23. One wall of groove 23 is flush with the inner face of a side I5. The stop 28 is mortised and the latter in connection with the inner face of a side i5 forms a groove 24 extending lengthwise with respect to stop 23. The inner face of each side of the frame H5 at its lengthwise center, is provided with a lengthwise extending groove 25 for the'reception of a parting bead which, in connection with the stops I9, 29, provide a pair of runways 26, 26 for upper and lower slides to be each other.

referred to.

In Figures 1, 6, 8 and 9 the parting bead is designated 21. In Figure 13 the parting bead is designated 28.

The parting bead 21 is of cruciform contour which provides it with a pair of endwise aligning outer and inner central parts 29, 39 respectively and a pair of inner endwise aligning side parts 3|, 32 disposed at right angles to parts 29, 3|]. The said several parts of the head 21 merge into The part 29 is formed with a plurality of spaced sockets 33, only one shown, which open at the outer end thereof. The part 39 is formed with a plurality of spaced endwise opposed rectangular pockets 34, only one shown,

- verse threaded bores 35, only one shown. The

bores 35 extend from the sockets 35 to the sockets -moves with the said slides.

33. Arranged within each pocket 34 is a resiliently bead controlling element 31 of the laminated bow-shaped spring type, connected, as at 38, to bead 21. The elements 31 function to force the parting bead 21 outwardly from a frame 5 side l5, as shown in Figures 8 and 9. The elements 31 permanently bear against the base of groove 25 in frame side |5. A tensioning means is provided for each element 31 consisting of a threaded bolt 39 extending from socket 33 to beyond socket 35 and bearing against element 31. The bolt 39 has threaded engagement with the wall of a bore 35 and also with a polygonal shaped nut 49 seated in socket 35. The outer end of bolt 39 is grooved, as at 4|, for the reception of a suitable tool to adjust bolt 39. Seated upon the parts 29, 3| and 32 of the parting bead 21 is a weatherstrip and facing member 42 in the form of a cap having a plurality of spaced openings 43 registering with the sockets 33. The member 42 abuts throughout the outer edges of the parts 29, 3| and 33, a portion of the side faces of part 29 and a portion of the outer side faces of parts 3|, 32. The member 42 has portions 43 which are spaced from the points of mergence of the outer side faces of parts 3| 32 and the side faces of part 29. Each side stile 44 of the upper sash 2| is cut out at its upper end, as at 44'. Within the cutout is arranged a bearing plate 45 anchored by the holdfast means 46 to stiler44. Each side stile 44 of sash 2| is formed with a pocket 45 which opens into the cutout 44' near the upper end of the latter. The plate 45 has an opening 41 com municating with pocket 46. Arranged in the cutout 44' and positioned against plate 45 is a pivoted block or member 48 provided on its outer face at one side thereof with a flange 48 forming a guide for the stile when the sash 2| is positioned to associate with the frame l6. Countersunk in and extending through block 48, as well 4]) as loosely extending through opening 41 into pocket 46' is the pivot 49 for block 48. The inner end of pivot 49 carries a nut 50, and interposed between the latter and plate 45, as well as sur- M rounding pivot 49 is a resilient split controlling 65 washer 5| acting to maintain the plate and block in abutting relation. The plate and block 48 have the major portion of the length of their upper ends aligning. The outer corners at the upper ends of plate 45 and block 48 are cut out as at 50 52, 53 respectively (Figure 11). The cutout 52 is of greater depth than cutout 53. The cut out corners of the plate 45 and block 48 provide a keeper for maintaining a sash suspension or balance arm, to be referred to, in inactive or latched 55 position. There is associated with each side stile of the upper sash a vertically movable slide 54 of less length than that of the height of frame l6 and of a length substantially corresponding to that ofthe upper sash. The upper sash bodily These latter are of like construction and ride against the outer side walls of the runways 26, the cap member 42 of parting bead 21 and a Weatherstrip 8| to be hereinafter referred to. Each slide 54 includes a sash suspension or balance arm 55, an angle bar 56 having an inner and an outer flange 51, 58 disposed at right angles to each other and with the flange 58 disposed inwardly at right angles to the outer end of flange 51, a resilient weatherstrip member 59 abutting and extending inwardly at right angles to the free edge of flange 51, abutting the outer side face of flange 51, abutting against the front face of flange 58, extending from flange 58 to flange 48', bearing against the 7 is of the same width as that of arm 55.

block 48 and cap member 42 and having an overlapping portion 60 to provide a split loop 6|. The portion 68 is arranged against and is suitably connected to the sash Weight cord 62. A pivot 53 is provided for the upper end of arm 55 and which secures flange 58 and member 59 together and with member 59 positioned against arm 55. The arm 55, at its lower end, is connected to a side stile of sash 2|, as at 63. The upper end of arm 55 is formed with a latching means, as at 63" (Figure 4), which coacts with the keeper means formed by the cutouts 52, 53 for latching the arm 55 in inactive position. The slide includes a combined filler and keeper strip 64 which The strip 64 is secured to the outer face of the slide 54 between its transverse median and lower end of the latter. The strip 64 in proximity to its lower end is formedwith an opening 65 for the reception of a latching member 56 carried by a side stile of sash 2| for latching the latter and slide in opposed relation. Each side stile of sash 2|, at the lower portion thereof, has secured thereto a filler strip 81 of the same width as that of strip 64. The upper end edge of the latter is concave and the lower end edge convex. The lower end edge of arm 55 is convex. The upper end of strip 61 is concave. When arm 55 and window 2| are latched, the lower end of arm 55 seats in the upper end of strip 84 and the lower end of the latter seats in the upper end of strip 61. The arm 55, strip 64 and strip 81 are of the same thickness and width.

With respect to the lower sash 22, the slides 58 therefor and the parts coacting With the slides 58 are substantially of the same construction as that set forth with respect to slides 54 and the parts coacting with the latter. The side stiles of sash 22 are designated 89 and the cutouts 59 thereof which correspond in form to the cutouts 44' are arranged at the lower ends of the stiles 69. The bearing plates 18, pockets H, pivot blocks or members 12, cutouts 52, 53 on plates 10 and members 12 respectively, balance arms 13, with a slight difference to be referred to, angle bars 14, flanges 14' on blocks 12, members 15, strips 16 with a slight difference to be referred to and strips ll of the slides 88 correspond in construction to, but are reversed with respect to the plates 45, pockets 45, members 48, cutouts 52, 53, arms 55, angle bars 56, flanges 48', members 59, strips 54 and 85 respectively employed in connection with the slides 54 or the upper sash. The pivots l8, l8 and 19 employed in connection with the lower slides and lower sash correspond to and are for the same purpose as the pivots 63, 63 and 49 respectively employed in connection with the upper sash and upper slides. Latching members 85' corresponding to and functioning similar to the latching members 68 in upper sash are carried by the side stiles of the lower sashes 22, but the members 88 engage in openings 85' in the balance arms 13 in lieu of engaging in the strips ll. The slides 68 travel against the outer side Walls of runway 26 the cap 42 of bead 2'! and the Weatherstrip 8| to be referred to.

rranged within the runways 26, 25' are oppositely disposed resilient weathers-trips 8i 8 l having flat side portions 82, 83 respectively which extend in the grooves 23, 24 respectively. The portions 82, 83 of the strips 8|, 8] are anchored to a frame side 15 by the holdfast means 84. The strips 8|, 8| are formed with curved parts 85, 86 respectively providing split loops 81, 88 respectively which extend into the loop portions of the strips or members 15, 42 respectively whereby the slides of the sashes are slidably, resiliently and frictionally latched to the strips 8|, 8!. The members 15, 42 coact with the strips 8|, 8! respectively for frictionally latching the slide structures in non-adjusted position, and for frictionally latching said structures suspendingly in adjusted position when the sashes are nonadjusted or angularly adjusted or turned inside out.

In the modified form shown in Figure 13 the parting bead 28 is not of cruciform contour and it consists of an elongated sectional bar 81 of rectangular cross section having a cap member 88 secured against its outer edge. The member 88 has side portions 89 provided with outwardly directed flanges 98 at their inner ends. The flanges 90 are engaged by resilient elements 8! normally tending to force the parting bead 28 outwardly with respect to a frame side I5. The flanges 9O bear against the looped portion of the members 15, 42. The elements 9| are employed in lieu of the elements 31. Otherwise than that as stated the form shown in Figure 13 is the same construction as that shown in Figures 6 and 8.

With reference to Figure 14, it sets forth a modified form of connection between a suspension or balance arm and a sash for allowing the sash to be tilted at the top a certain'distance without raising vertically from the sill. The showing is as applied to a lower sash. The latter has mortised and secured in a side stile a plate 82 carrying a detachable headed member 93 for slidably and pivotally connecting the arm, indicated at 94,'to the sash. The arm is formed with a countersunk slot 95 for member 93.

The members 8|, 8| extend from the upper end of the window frame to the sill l8. The members 42, 15 correspond in length to the height of the sashes. The members 8|, 8i also constitute guides for the slides. The blocks 48, 12 provide guides for the sashes on the vertical movement of the latter, as they slide against the parting beads and arrest the inward shifting of the sashes.

The invention is also applicable to non-vertically movable upper and lower sashes to permit of the angularly adjusting of such sashes without vertically moving them and this may be accomplished by blocking the movement of the upper slides and lower slides with respect to the sides of the window frame. With respect to the angularly adjusting of a sash without vertically moving the latter, one example thereof is shown in Figures 18 and 19 of the drawings, and in this connection it will be stated that each side 96, only one shown of a window frame 91 is formed with a pair of spaced parallel stops 98, 99 which in connection with a window frame side 96 provides a groove I05. The grooves I88 extend from the frame top llll to the sill I82. Within each groove is arranged a structure I03 corresponding to and embodying the elements of a slide 54 or 68, depending as to whether the ner as sash 2i is connected to slide 54. It is to be understood that if the sash is to be swung outwardly from its bottom it will be provided with the same arrangement of elements as the sash 22 and that, it is to be connected to the structure I03 in the same manner as sash 22 is connected to slide 68. In Figure 19 a spring I05 corresponding to spring 9| Figure 13 is shown and also a Weatherstrip I06 corresponding to member 8|.

The bearing plates and the pivot blocks may be termed latching plates. The strips and balance arms coact to provide a weather tight joint between the side stiles and slides. The members 59, 15 coact with the members 8|, 8| to provide a weather tight joint for the slides. The angular adjusting of the sashes is not accomplished by the movement of the slides as in my Patent No. 1,928,543. The slides remain stationary during the angular adjusting of the sashes and are only moved vertically when the sashes are moved vertically, as in their normal position or when p a sash is completely reversed and one Wishes to reach the outside surface from the floor level which eliminates using a stool or ladder to reach the upper sash.

The slides and balance arms and latching members coacting carry the sashes in normal Vertical movement.

The slides and balance arms alone carry the sashes in vertical movement when sashes are turned inside out and the balance arms are nearly parallel to the slides with the pivot blocks slid to the bottom of the upper sash slide for the upper sash or top of the lower sash slide for the lower sash shown in Figure 16.

The slides become stationary elements during the angular adjustments of the sashes and are only used in combination with the balance arms and pivot blocks as means for attaching the top ends of balance arms pivotally; as means for the pivot blocks to slide on; and as means in combination with the side of the parting bead to form a vertical trackway therebetween in which the pivot block flanges may travel vertically and arrest the rotation of the pivot block and also hold the pivoted ends of the sashes in the frame.

During the angular adjustment of a sash the following action takes place. The slides, remain stationary by gripping and frictional, contact with the Weatherstrip members and by bearing against vertical stops of the frame. The latching members become detached, freeing the balance arms which in turn in combination with the pivot ends of the sash stiles start pulling the pivot blocks vertically toward the opposite ends of the slides until the sash is completely turned inside out. This arrangement of parting beads, slides, pivot blocks with flanges and balance arms in combination sets up a binding action between parting bead and pivot blocks, and slides and pivot blocks when downward or upward pressure is applied to the outer ends of the sashes and retards the vertical movement of the pivot blocks and holds the sashes in any angular position desired.

When installing and removing a sash from its "slides, with reference to Figure 17, place the sash in the frame with the pivot block and flange in normal position on the slide and flange runway on the one side of the window. Press the parting beads and slides back towards the jambs on both sides of the window until suflicient cleartime is available to allow the other pivot block and flange to enter their positions against the slide and between the slide and parting bead on the other side of the window. Theopposing pressure of the parting beads holds the pivot blocks in position. To remove reverse the operation. The slotted connection in the ends of a balance arm as in 95 Figure 14 allows a certain angular adjustment of a sash without vertically moving the pivoted end of the sash.

What I claim is:

1. In window construction, a pair of bearing plates adapted to be secured within the'si-de stiles of a vertically movable angularly adjustable sash, a pair of blocks opposing and pivotally connected to said plates, a pair of vertically movablefrictionally latched slide structures for travelling in the runways formed by the parting bead and outside stops of a window frame and including angularly adjustable balance arms, pivoted adjacent one end and adapted to be pivotally connected to said stiles to provide for sustaining the sash in adjusted position and inside out, and said plates, blocks and arms having coacting interengaging parts at oneend thereof for latching the arms in non-adjusted position, said blocks being formed 25 with flanges at their inner side for riding against one side of the parting beads.

2. The invention, as set forth in claim 1, providing the said structures with resilient inner portions, and fixed resilient elements extending within and overlapped by said inner portions and coasting with the latter for frictionally locking said structures and the sash in suspended position.

3. In window construction, an angularly adjustable vertically movable sash, bearing plates secured within the outer side faces of the side stiles of the sash, blocks pivotally connected to and opposing said plates, a pair of vertically movable frictionally latched slide structures for travelling in the runways formed by the parting bead and outside stops of a window frame and including pivoted extendible balance arms con-- nected to said stiles, said sash and structures having coacting means intermediate the ends thereof for latching said sash in parallel relation with respect to said structures and said arms, plates and blocks having coasting means at one end thereof for latching said arms in non-extended position, said blocks being formed with flanges at their inner side for riding against one side of the parting beads.

4. The invention, as set forth in claim 3, providing said structures with inner resilient portions, and fixed resilient elements overlapped by said inner portions and coacting with the latter for frictionally latching said structures and sash in suspended position.

5. In window construction, a pair of resiliently supported parting beads, an upper and a lower vertically movable sash capable of being angularly adjusted and turned inside out with respect to the parting beads of a window frame, bearing plates within the upper ends of the side stiles of the upper sash, bearing plates within the lower ends of the side stiles of the lower sash, a block pivotally supported from each of said plates, arranged in a side stile, a pair of upper frictionally latched slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the outer stops and outer sides of the parting beads of a window frame, a pair of lower frictionally latched slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the inner stops and inner ides of the parting beads of a window frame, each of said structures including an arm, the balance arms of said upper slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper ends to the upper ends of the upper slide structures and at their lower ends being connected to the side stiles of the upper sash, the balance arms of the lower slide structures being pivoted at their upper ends adjacent the upper ends of the lower slide structures and at their lower ends to the side stiles of the lower sash, said slide structures having their inner sides formed with non-resilient and resilient parts bearing against said parting beads, the blocks carried by said upper sash being formed with flanges on their inner sides riding against the outer sides of the parting beads and of awidth to clear the outside stops on the removal of the upper sash, and the blocks carried by the lower,sash being formed with flanges at one side riding against the other side of the parting beads and of a width to clear the inside stops on the removal of the lower sash.

6. The invention, as set forth in claim 5, having said plates, blocks, structures and balance arms provided with coacting parts for latching said balance arms in inactive position.

7. The invention, as set forth in claim 5, having the sashes, the upper slide structure and balance arms for the lower sash formed with coacting parts for latching the sashes and slide structures together in parallel relation.

8. The invention. as set forth in claim 5, including fixed resilient elements arranged within the runways and including curved suspended portions extending within and overlapped by the said resilient parts and coacting with the latter for frictionally locking said structures and sashes in suspended position.

9. In window construction, a pair of resiliently supported parting beads, an upper and a lower vertically movable sash capable of being angularly adjusted and turned inside out with respect to the parting bead, bearing plates within the upper ends of the side stiles of the upper sash, bearing plates within the lower ends of the side stiles of the lower sash, a block pivotally supported from each of said plates and arranged exteriorly of a stile, a pair of upper normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the outer sides of the parting beads and the outside stops of the window frame, a

pair of lower normally frictionally suspended,

slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the inner sides of the parting beads and the inside stops of the window frame, said blocks opposing said structures, the blocks carried by the upper sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the outer side of said parting beads, said blocks carried by the lower sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the inner side of said parting beads, each of said structures including a balance arm, the balance arms of said upper slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper end to the upper ends of the upper slide structures and at their lower ends being connected to the side stiles of the upper sash, the balance arms of the lower slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper ends at the upper ends of the lower slide structures and at their lower ends to the side stiles of the lower sash, said slide structures having their inner sides formed with non-resilient and resilient parts bearing against said parting beads, and said slide structure provided with spaced strips coacting with said balance arms toprovide in connection with the latter, when the sashes are disposed perpendicular with respect to the slide structures, a closure or filler etween said structures and the side stiles of the sashes from end to end of said stiles.

10. In window construction, a pair of resiliently supported parting beads, an upper and a lower vertically movable sash capable of being angular- 5 ly adjusted and turned inside out with respect to the parting bead, bearing plates within the upper ends of the side stiles of the upper sash, bearing plates within the lower ends of the side stiles of the lower sash, a block pivotally supported from each of said plates and arranged exteriorly of a stile, a pair of upper normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the outer sides of the parting beads and the outside stops of the window frame, a pair of lower normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the inner sides of the parting beads and the inside stops of the window frame, said blocks opposing said structures, the blocks carried by the upper sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the outer side of said parting beads, said blocks carried by the lower sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the inner side of said parting beads, each of said structures including a balance arm, the balance arms of said upper slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper end to the upper ends of the upper slide structures and at their lower ends being connected to the side stiles of the upper sash, the balance arms of the lower slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper ends at the ,upper ends of the lower slide structures and at their lower ends to the side stiles of the lower sash, said slide structures having their inner sides formed with non-resilient and resilient parts bearing against said parting beads, and said slide structure provided with spaced strips coacting with said balance arms to provide in connection with the latter, when the sashes are disposed perpendicular with respect tothe slide structures,

a closure or filler between said structures and the side stiles of the sashes from end to end of said stiles, the said balance arms and strips being formed in a manner for interengaging abutting relation when the arms and strips function as a closure or filler means between and from end to end of the sashes and slide structures.

11. In window construction, a pair of resiliently 5 supported parting beads, an upper and a lower vertically movable sash capable of being angularly adjusted and turned inside out with respect to the parting bead, bearing plates within the upper ends of the side stiles of the upper sash, bearing plates within the lower ends of the side stiles of the lower sash, a block pivotally supported from each of said plates and arranged exteriorly of a stile, a pair of upper normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in 0 the runways formed by the outer sides of the parting beads and the outside stops of the window frame, a pair of lower normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the inner sides of the parting beads and 5 the inside stops of the window frame, said blocks opposing said structures, the block carried by the upper sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the outer side of said parting beads, said blocks carried by the lower sash being formed with angularly disposed means ridin against the inner side of said parting beads, each of said structures including a balance arm, the balance arms of said upper slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper end to the 15' upper endsof the upper slide structures andat their lower ends being connected to the side stiles of the upper sash, the balance arms of the lower slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper ends at the upper ends of the lower slide structures and at their lower ends to the side stiles of the lower sash, said slide structures having their inner sides formed with non-resilient and resilient parts bearing against said parting bead, each of said resilient parts having a looped portion lengthwise thereof, and a pair of fixed resilient elements, each having a looped portion' lengthwise thereof, said elements being of greater length than said resilient parts, the looped portions of said resilient elements being encompassed and frictionally engaged by the looped portions of said resilient parts for frictionally latching the slide structures and for suspending the latter and the sashes.

12. In window construction, a pair of resiliently supported parting beads, an upper and a lower vertically movable sash capable ofbeing angularly adjusted and turned inside out with respect to the parting bead, bearing plates within the upper ends of the side stiles of the upper sash, bearing plates within the lower ends of the side stiles of the lower sash, a block pivotally supported from each of said plates and arranged exteriorly of a; stile, a pair of upper normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the outer sides of the parting beads and the outside stops of the window frame, a pair of lower normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the runways formed by the inner sides-of the partingbeads and the'inside stops of the window frame, said blocks opposing saidstructures, the blocks carried by the upper sash being formed with angularly disposed means-riding against the outer side of said parting beads, said blocks carried by the lower sash being formed with angularly disposed means ridingagainst the inner side of saidparting beads, each of said structures including a balancearm, the balance arms of said upper slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper end to the upperendsof the upper slide structures and at their lower ends being connected to the side stiles of the upper sash, the balance arms of the lower slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper ends" at the upper ends of the lower slide structures and at their lower ends to the side stiles of the lower sash, said parting beads in-- cluding a cap member having its sides formed with laterally directed portions, said slide structures having their inner sides formed with=non-resilient' partsrsliding against the sides of the cap member adjacent said laterally directed portions, and resilient parts sliding against the said laterally directed portions.

13;; Inwindow construction, a pair of resiliently supporting parting beads, an upper and a lower vertically movable sash capable of being angularly adjusted and turned inside out with respect to the parting bead, bearing plates within the upper' ends of the side stiles of the upper sash,

bearing plates within the lower ends of the side stiles of the lower sash, a block pivotally supported from each of said plates and arranged exteriorly of a stile, a pair of upper normally frictionallysuspended slide structures travelling in'the runways formed by the outer sides of the parting beads and the outside stops of the window frame, a pair of lower normally frictionally suspended slide structures travelling in the -runways=formed by the inner sides of the parting beads and the inside stops of the window frame, said blocks opposing" said structures, the blocks carried by the upper sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the outer side of said parting beads, said blocks car- 5 ried by the lower sash being formed with angularly disposed means riding against the inner side of said parting beads, each of said structures including a balance arm, the balance arms of said upper slide structures being pivoted adjacent \0- their upper end to the upper ends of the upper slide structures and at their lower ends being connected to the side stiles of the upper sash, the balance arms of the lower slide structures being pivoted adjacent their upper ends at the 15 upper ends of the lower slide structures and at their lower ends to the side stiles of the lower sash, said parting beads including a cap member having its sides formed with laterally directed portions, said slide structures having their inner 20 sides formed with non-resilient parts sliding against the sides of the cap member adjacent said laterally directed portions, resilient parts sliding against the said laterally directed portions, each of said resilient parts having a looped por- 25 tion lengthwise thereof, and a pair of fixed resilient elements, each having a' looped portion lengthwise thereof, said elements being of greater length than said resilient parts, the loopedportions of said resilient elements being encom- 30 passed and frictionally engaged by the looped portions of said resilient parts for frictionally latching the slide structures and for suspending the latter and the sashes.

14. In window construction, a vertically mov'- 35- stiles, the pivots for said blocks connecting the 5 latter to said plates, said pivots carrying controlling springs therefor abutting said plates, said plates, blocks, stiles and arms having coacting means at their upper ends for latching said arms in inactive position, slides pivotally carrying said arms, strips carried by the slides, strips adapted to be secured to said stiles, and the said several strips coacting with said balance arms: when these latter are latched in inactive position to provide a closure or filler between the stiles and slides from end to end of the stiles.

15. In window construction, a vertically movable sash, vertically movable normally frictionally latched slides, said slides and sash having coacting parts for adjustably suspending the sash at various angles with respect to the slides and to provide a weather tight joint throughout between the slides and side stiles of the sash when the latter is non-adjusted, and stationary resilient elements arranged at the inner sides of the slides and having suspended resilient portions, said slides having resilient parts coacting with said portions to provide a combined frictional latch and suspension and a weather tight joint for the slides.

16. In window construction, a pair of opposed spaced parallel like structures adapted to be mounted in the sides of a window frame, each of said structures including a pair of interengaging coacting elements to form weather stripping therefor, said structures including balance arms for an angularly movable sash arranged between said structures, said arms being pivoted at one end, means adapted to: connect the other end of the arms to the side stiles of the said sash, means adapted to be secured to the side stiles of the sash and coacting with said balance arms to provide a weather stripping between the stiles of the sash and said structures when the sash is disposed parallel throughout to said structures, bearing plates adapted to be anchored to and within the said side stiles, and vertically movable blocks pivotally connected to and bodily carried with said plates to permit the upward and downward movement of the sash when the latter is angularly adjusted relative to the frame, said blocks being formed with guide flanges at one side adapted to ride against the parting beads in the sides of the window frame.

17. The invention as set forth in claim 16 having one of the coacting elements of each of said structures stationary and the other slidable relative to the stationary element, the said elements being resilient and having coacting portions for frictionally locking and suspending the slidable element relative to the stationary element, the latter being of greater length than the slidable element.

18. The invention as set forth in claim 16 having the said arms, plates and blocks provided with coacting interengaging means for latching said arms from shifting relative to their pivots, and the said coacting means being arranged at the corresponding ends of said arms, plates and blocks.

19. In window construction, a pair of vertically movable frictionally latched and suspended spaced parallel slide structures adapted to be mounted in the sides of a window frame, a vertically movable reversible angularly adjustable window sash, said sash and structures having coacting means to provide for the angularly adjusting and reversing of the sash relative to said structures, said structures having coacting means to permit of the vertical movement thereof while the sash is in adjusted position, said structures having elements thereof disposed relatively to each other and coacting with the said coacting means of said structures and sash for looking the sash in its angularly adjusted position when downward pressure is applied upon the outer end of the sash, and parting beads engaging means extending from the side stiles of the sash to provide combined guides and lateral movement arrestors for the sash during the upward and downward movement of the latter when the sash is angularly adjusted.

20. In window construction, a pair of structures adapted to be arranged in the sides of a window frame and including balance arms pivoted at one end, means for detachably and pivotally connect-- ing the other ends of said arms to the side stiles of an angularly adjustable window sash, blocks formed with flanges at one side adapted to ride against one side of the inner walls of a pair of runways in the sides of the window frame, means adapted to be anchored to one end of the side stiles of the sash for pivctally sup-porting said blocks from and to provide for said blocks being bodily carried with the sash, said blocks and means being arranged outwardly with respect to the outer end of the outer side walls of the said runways to provide, when the sash is free of said balance arms for the expeditious mounting and removal of the latter within and from the window frame and to permit of the blocks, when the sash is connected to the balance arms shifting on their pivots outwardly beyond the outer side walls of the runways on the angularly adjusting of the sash.

21. The invention as set forth in claim 20 having the said balance arms thereof opposing the outer faces and extending beyond the ends of said blocks, and said blocks having the pivots therefor arranged in proximity to one side thereof.

22. In window construction, a pair of vertically movable angularly adjustable sashes, said sashes capable of being completely turnedinside out, two pair of vertically movable adjustable slide structures, the structures of each pair being simultaneously arranged in adjustable spaced parallel relation and adapted to travel in a pair of spaced parallel runways formed in the sides of a window frame, one pair of structures being independent of the other pair, said structures and sashes having coacting means for angularly suspending the sashes in angular relation to said structures and the frame and for suspending the sashes turned inside out relative to said structures and the sides of the window frame, said structures including means for frictionally latching and suspending them in adjusted position, and said means being so arranged relative to the structures and sashes being so formed whereby the said structures may be vertically moved to position the sashes at different heights with respect to the window frame While the sashes are maintained in their angular positions or turned inside out.

23. In window construction, a vertically movable sash, a pair of vertically movable slide structures adapted to be mounted in opposed parallel runways within the sides of a window frame, said sash for positioning between said structures, said structures and sash having coacting means to provide for angularly adjusting the sash with respect to the window frame, for turning the sash inside out with respect to the sides of the window frame and for the sash being bodily carried by said structures, said coacting means having corresponding end portions thereof for automatically latching the sash from angular adjustment with respect to the window frame, and said sash and structure, intermediate the ends thereof having coacting means for automatically latching the sash in sidewise parallel relation to the said structures.

24. The invention as set forth in claim 23 having means adapted to be arranged in the runways of the sides of the window frame and coacting with the inner portions of said structures for frictionally latching the latter in non-adjusted position and for frictionally latching said structures p ngly in their vertically adjusted positions.

25. In window construction, an upper and a lower vertically movable, angularly adjustable sash, an upper and a lower pair of vertically movable, frictionally suspended slide structures, the structures of each pair of structures adapted to be slidably mounted in opposed parallel runways within the sides of a window frame, each sash being arranged between the structures of a pair, said structures and sashes having coacting means for angularly adjusting the sashes with respect to the window frame, for turning the sashes inside outwith respect to the window frame and for the sashes being bodily carried by said structures, said coacting means forming parts of the upper sash and upper slide structures having portions' arranged at the upper end of the upper sash and upper end of the upper slide structures for automatically latching the upper sash from angular adjustment with respect to the window frame and from vertical movement relative to the upper slide structures, and means at the Within the sides of a window frame, each sash "being arranged between the structures of a pair,

said structures and sashes having coacting means for angularly adjusting the sashes with respect to the window frame, for turning the sashes in:

. side out with respect to the window frame and for the sashes being bodily carried by said struc-v tures, said coacting means forming parts of the: upper sash and upper slide structures having portions arranged at the upper end of the upper sash and upper end of the upper slide structures for automatically latching the upper sash from angular adjustment with respect to the window frame and from vertical movement relative to the upper slide structures, means at the lower end of the lower side structures and coacting with portions at the lower ends of the parts of saidcoacting means of the lower sash for automatically latching the lower sash from angular adjustment with respect to the window frame and from vertical movement with respect to the lower slide structures, and said sashes and slide structures being formed with means coacting with the said coacting means to provide a Weather strip ping between the sashes for automatically secur-' ing the stiles of the sashes in sidewise parallel relation to the said structures and providing, when in securing position, a weather stripping between said stiles and structures.

HAMILTON T. REYNOLDS,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4144674 *Dec 29, 1977Mar 20, 1979Nathan DovmanWindow construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/174, 49/155, 49/181
International ClassificationE06B3/50
Cooperative ClassificationE06B3/5063, E06B3/50
European ClassificationE06B3/50G2, E06B3/50