Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2024885 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1935
Filing dateJul 25, 1932
Priority dateJul 25, 1932
Publication numberUS 2024885 A, US 2024885A, US-A-2024885, US2024885 A, US2024885A
InventorsSchonitzer Rudolph I
Original AssigneeSchonitzer Rudolph I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vehicle door support
US 2024885 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

De@ i7, 1935. R L SCHQNH'ZER Y 2,924,885

VEHICLE DOOR SUPPORT Filed July 25, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet l W INVENTOR.

Dec. 17, 1935.

R. 1. scHoNlTzER '2,024,885

VEHICLE DOOR SUPPORT Filed July 25, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR.`

BY Y y Patented Dec. 17, 1935 UNITED STATES rArENT OFFICE y 10 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in vehicle door supports adapted to prevent relative play between the door and its frame and rattling thereof when the door is closed, and pertains to that class of inventions set forth in my previous application forDoor supports, Ser. No. 606,941, filed April 22, 1932.

One of the objects of this invention is to incorporate in a structure having a door frame and a door hinged therein automatically operable means whereby the door when closed in its frame is held therein so that vibratory relative movement of the door when closed and its frame, more particularly in directions parallel With the plane of the door, is substantially obviated.

Usually, to facilitate operations in the manufacture of vehicle bodies the doors are so proportioned relative to the frames as to permit the doors to be fitted in their frames readily without binding which ordinarily allows play of the door in its frame with resultant vibratory action therebetween' when the vehicle is in motion.

A further object of the invention is to provide supports operably associated with the door and its frame by means of which the door when closed is rmly sustained in its frame independently of its hinges and look whereby movement of the door in the plane of the frame is circumvented.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description.

The invention as herein illustrated and described With reference to certain physical embodiments is of a preferred form and is susceptible of modification and may be embodied in various other forms within the scope of my claims without departure from the spirit of the invention.

An illustrative embodiment of the invention in a preferred form is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:-

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a vehicle body equipped with the invention, parts being broken away;

Fig. 2 is a detail horizontal section of Fig. 1 on the line 2-2 thereof;

Fig. 3 is a similar detail horizontal section of Fig. 1 on the line 3-3 thereof; and

Fig. 4 is a section projected from Fig. 2 in a plane at right angles thereto.

In the illustrative embodiment of the invention is shown a vehicle body I rprovided with a sill 2, roof-rail 3, hinge pillar 4 and lock-pillar 5 arranged to form a door frame in the usual manner. In the opening of the frame is disposed a door 6 that is supported upon hinges 'I which connect the hinge-rail 8 of the door with the hinge-pillar variations of the clearance space and alinement of 10,.

the door within the door opening in the frame such as ordinarily occur in manufacture and during use of the vehicle.

The hinge-pillar 4 of the frame has contact members or stops I3 secured in connection thereis with located preferably adjacent the top and bottom of the door opening, and which project from the butt face yIII of the hinge-pillar 4 into the clearance space I2 so that when the door is closed the butt face I5 thereof bears with force against 2,0 said stops.

In the lock-pillar 5 of the frame and exposed upon the butt face I6 thereof is secured a hollow guide block II the front of which is open and in which is disposed a take-up member I8 that 25 has horizontal movement therein transverse to the lock-pillar. Preferably, the upper and lower edges of the take-up member I8 and the corresponding inner faces 20 of the block Il extend divergently whereby the take-up member is held 30 in operative position in the block. Rods 2| disposed lengthwise in the block I'I extend loosely through the take-up member, and compression springs 22 disposed concentrically upon the respective rods extend from the inner end 23 of 35 the block into corresponding counterbores 24 `in the take-up member and urge said member toward its outermost end position. The outer face 25 of the take-up member I8 slants outwardly toward its inner end and projects into 40 the clearance space I2 between the lock-pillar 5 and the lock-rail I0 of the door.

Upon the butt face 26 of the lock-rail I Il of the door is rigidly secured a contact member 2l at a point thereon located so as to have en- 45 gagement with the take-up member I8 when the door is closed. The outer face of the contact member 21 extends preferably in a plane parallel with the engaging face of the take-up member y I 8. The guide block with its spring-pressed take- 50. up member and the contact member constitute a take-up support that co-operates with the stops I3 in sustaining the door when closed against movement toward and from the lock and hinge pillars, and compensates for the variations in the 55,v

clearance space between the frame pillars and the door.

Preferably, suitable spacers 28 are interposed between the guide block I'I and the lock-pillar 5, and between the contact member 21 and the lock-rail ID of the door to bolster the take-up support and also to deaden sound incidental to concussions occasioned by closing the door.

As a further means to circumvent frictional sounds and to provide lubrication for the movable take-up member I8, a recess 29 is made in the back thereof which is filled with a suitable oil-laden wick 30 by which lubricant is supplied to the contacting surfaces of the take-up member and its block.

The clearance space I2 is closed to the interior of the Vehicle body when the door is shut, by means of suitable trimmings 3| applied in the usual manner.

In operation, when the door is open the movable take-up memberl I8 is held in its outermost end position against the corresponding outer end 23' of its guide block I1, and as the door is swung to closed position in the door-frame the contact member 2'I engages the take-up member which is thereupon accommodatingly moved in opposition to the pressure of the springs 22 until the door is secured against the buffers 9 by its lock II. Concurrently with closing of the door, the stops I3 are moved into bearing engagement with the butt-face I5 of the hinge-rail of Vthe door so that when closed the door is held by the stops and the take-up support `in a state of compression horizontally betweenthe hinge and lock pillars of the frame, whereby vibratory movement or play of the door between said pillars is taken up. Thus, upon closing of the door its hinges are materially relieved of the strain due to the weight or vibratory action of the. door which insures silence and prolongs the life of the hinge connections and lock for the door as well asV the door and its frame.

'The present invention may be used in conjunction with that disclosed in my said previous application by installing in connection with the roof-rail 3 and the top-rail 3 of the door a take-up Vsupport 32,k and in connection with the sill 2 and'bottom rail 2' a pair of opposing contact-members'BB and 34 so as to suitably take up vertical play of the door between the sill and roof-rail. In such instance when the door is closed it is wedged between the hinge and lock pillars and also between the sill and roof-rail so that relative movement between the door and frame vertically as well as fore and aft in their common plane is completely obviated.

While there are shown but two stops I3 in the drawings operatively associated with the hingerail of the door and hinge pillar of the frame, and but a single take-up support operatively associated with the lock-rail of the door and lockpillar of the frame, if so desired the stops may be more ,numerous'and distributed at suitable points on the hinge-pillar or the hinge-rail. Alsog'the take-up support may be augmented by installing additional similar supports at suitable locations in connection with the lock-rail and lock-pillar and thus effect a more general distribution of the sustaining pressure applied to the door.

I claim:-

atively associated with the hinge-rail of the door Aand the hinge-pillar of the frame, and a take-up support constituted of members mounted in connection with the lock-rail of the door and lockpillar of the frame fao-operatively associated with said stops to prevent fore `and aft movement of 5 said door within said frame.

2. Means to support a hinged door when closed. and in the door-frame of a vehicle and independently of the hinges thereof, consisting of stops so located as to form bearings between the hinge-rail of the door and the hinge-pillar oi the frame, and a take-up support operatively' associated with the lock-rail of the door and the lock-pillar of the frame so arranged that when the door is shut opposing pressure is applied to the door between said stops and take-up member to prevent vibration of said door within said frame.

3. In means to support a hinged door when closed and in the door-frame of a vehicle and 20 independently of the hinges thereof, stops operatively associated with the hinge-rail of the` door and the hinge-pillar of the frame, and a support inY connection with the lock-rail of the door and lock-pillar of the frame having a 25 spring-pressed take-up member and complemental contact member co-operatively associated with said stops adapted to take up fore and aft play of the door in said frame when the door is closed, and compensate for variations in the30 clearance and alinement of the door respecting said frame.

4. In means to support a, hinged door in the door frame of a vehicle, contact membersV operatively associated with the hinge-rail of the 35 door and the hinge-pillar of the frame and with the bottom of the door and sill of the frame, an-d take-up supports operatively associated with the lock-rail of the door and lock-pillar of the frame and with the top of the door and the 40 roof-rail of the frame, said contact members and take-up supports being so arranged that when the door is shut opposing pressure is applied to the door vertically and fore and aft between said contact members and corresponding take-up supports.

5, In means to support a hinged door when closed and in the door frame of a vehicle and independently of the hinges thereof,V a series of contact members and take-up supports opera- A tively associated with the door and frame of the vehicle arranged in connection therewith in opposite positions so that when shut the door is sustained within the frame between said contact members and take-up supports under vertical and fore and aft pressure and independently of the door hinges.

6. In combination with a vehicle body provided with a door frame, a door hinged therein and a lock securing the door in closed position in 'said frame, of means for supporting the door when closed independently of its hinges and comprising a Aseries of stops and take-up supports arranged operatively in connection with the door and frame in relatively opposite positions, said supports having spring-pressed movable members and complemental contacting members co-operatively associated with said stops soY arranged that when shut the door isV sustained thereby under vertical and fore and aft pressure in the frame between said stops and supports independently of the door hinges.

7. The combination with a vehicle body having a door frame, a door having clearance within Athe frame, and door hinges, of meansy to sup- V port the door when closed independently of its hinges comprising a stop located between the hinge edges of the door and frame, and pressure exerting means located between the lock edges of the door and frame for applying pressure to the door in one direction and to the frame in the opposite ydirection to bind the door between said pressure exerting means and said stop to prevent movement of the door within and independently cf the frame.

8. The combination with a vehicle body having a door frame, a door having clearance within the frame, and door hinges, of means to support the door when closed independently of its hinges comprising a stop located between the hinge edges of the door and frame, and pressure exerting means located between the lock edges of the door and frame for automatically applying pressure to the door in one direction and to the frame in the opposite direction upon closing the door to bind the door between 'said pressure exerting means and said stop to prevent movement of the door within and independently of the frame.

9. The combination with a vehicle body having a door frame, a door having clearance within the frame, and door hinges, of means to support the door when closed independently of its hinges comprising a rigid door stop carried by the hinge pillar of the door frame for engagement by the hinge edge of the door when the latter is closed, and pressure exerting Wedge means located between the lock edges of the doorl and frame for automatically applying pressure to the door in one direction and to the frame in the opposite direction upon closing the door to bind the door between said pressure exerting means and said stop to prevent movement of the door within and independently of the frame. 10

10. The combination with a vehicle body having a door frame, a door having clearance within the frame, and door hinges, of a stop located between the hinge edges of the door and frame,

pressure exerting means located between the lock 15 edges of the door and frame for applying pressure to the door in one direction and to the frame in the opposite direction to bind the door between said pressure exerting means and said stop,

and other pressure exerting means located be- 20 tweenthe top rail of the door and the top rail of the frame and also between the bottom rail of the door and the bottom rail of the frame, said pressure exerting means' applying pressure to the door in one direction and to the frame in 25 the opposite direction. i

RUDOLPH I. SCI-IONITZER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2972164 *Sep 17, 1956Feb 21, 1961Daimler Benz AgAnti-rattling arrangement for body doors
US4696078 *May 6, 1982Sep 29, 1987Anthony's Manufacturing Company, Inc.Combined adjustable door hinge pin socket and adjustable torque rod anchor device
US20110131883 *Dec 6, 2010Jun 9, 2011Dura Automotive Body & Glass Systems GmbhSliding door for a vehicle
Classifications
U.S. Classification49/396, 49/399, 16/85
International ClassificationB60J1/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05F7/04
European ClassificationE05F7/04