US 2025096 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patentcd Dec. 24, 1935 UNITED sT rEs PATENT OFFICE A CANDLE AND PROTECTING CASE w THEREFOR 3 Claims.
This invention relates to candles and protecting cases therefor, and has special reference to candles composed of wax or other combustible substance that softens and becomes distorted in normally warm or hot weather, and which candles are usually designed and adapted for use in homes and sanctuaries to furnish vigil, votive or night lights.
Since these candles are made of low melting point wax and usually softens and becomes distorted in warm or hot weather, a Serious difliculty or problem has arisen in the prevention of deformation of the candles in warm places even though the candles become somewhat soft. It is necessary that the candles be maintained in substantially their original shape and form in warm climates and places so that they may be placed in the holders or glass containers, and the wicks ignited without reshaping or reforming the bodies of the candles.
Accordingly, I have provided a candle for use in sanctuaries and elsewhere' and characterized by the fact that the body of the candle will soften and deform in warm or hot weather, in combination with a rigid or stifi pressure receiving device Secured to the lower end of the candle and engaging the lower end of the wiek, and a protecting case removably mounted on the body of the candle which prevents substantial deformation of the candle even though it softens. Although the case may be combustible, my invention contemplates the removal oi the case from the body of the candle. The operation of molmting the candle in the case is facllitated by the fact that both the candle and the case are slightly tapered,
both the candle and the case fiaring toward their upper ends. Removal of the case from the candle without distorting the candle is easily eflected by application of pressure against the rigid or stifi pressure receiving device while the case is held from movement with the candle.
Other objects of this invention should be readily apparent from the following description, in which reference is made to the annexed drawing,
wherein- A Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my improved candle and protecting case therefor, the case being mounted on the candle and a part of the case broken away.
Fig. 2 is a Vertical sectional view approximately on the line 2-2, of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a bottom end view of the candle and protecting; case.
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the candle and case approximately on the line l-I of Fig. 1.
Flg. 5 is a perspective view of the protecting case apart from the candle.
As shown, the body of the candle l is composed of combustible material having a relatlvely low softening point, and the Vertical length of the 5 candle is only slightly in excess of its diameter. The body of the candle is cylindrical and tapers downwardly from the marginal shoulder 2 to the lower end, and has an upwardly extended central portion 3 in connection with its upper end. 10
A rigid or stiif pressure receiving plate I composed of metal or other suitable material is seated against the lower end of the candle and is attached thereto by a number of prongs 5 in integral connection with the plate and extending 15 into the body of the candle. The plate 4 has a central opening 6, and a wiek 'l extends longitudinally through the center of the candle and has its lower end extended through the opening 6 in the plate 4 and thence through another open- 20 ing 8 in the plate 4, and is clampingly engaged between said plate 4 and the end of the candle. This holds the wick 'I Securely within the body of the candle with the upper end of the wiek extending beyond the central elevation 3, so that 25 the upper extended portion of said wiek may easily beignited.
As stated and shown, the body'of the candle I tapers downwardly and is enclosed in a similarly tapered protecting case 9. The case 9 is com- 3 posed of paper or other appropriate flexible and pliable material and may be made from a Strip of such material having its ends overlapping and adhesively attached, as should be understood from reference to the drawing. 35
This case 9 extends only from the shoulder 2 to the lower end of the candle and does not extend beyond the lower end of the candle and is not engaged with the plate I, so that said case may easily be detached by manually holding the 40 case and pressing against the plate 4 with a slight degree of pressure, thereby forcing the candle body from the case. Even if the candle is soft it will not be deformed by this operation of detaching the case.
It is intended that the case shall be removed from the candle only at or about the time the candle Wick 'I is to be ignited, or when the candle is to be mounted in the container or support 50 which holds the candle during the time .that the candle is burning.
The fact that the candle is composed of wax or similar combustible material prevents firm adhesion 'of the case to the body of the candle, 55
so that no diiiiculty is encountered in removing the case from the candle without deforminz 'the candle' I have used this inventiou successfully, and have found that its overcomes the somewhat considerable difliculties herein mentioned, and holds the candle in proper form and shape for'satisfactory use undenall climatic temperatures encountered. Candles protected by these cases can be made of wax having a considerably lower softening or melting point than is practicable where the candles are not covered or protected 'and held in proper form.
The fact that the plate 4 is substantially rigid or infiexible facilitates the ejection of the candle from the case or the withdrawal of the case from the candle, since the thumb of either hand may v be placed against the plate I and sufflcient pressure supplied to force the candle from the case without deforming the candle even in warm temperatures.
1. The combination with a downwardly tapered candle having a rigid pressure receiving member attached to the reduced lower end thereof,
of a flexible and pliable case having its lower end open, said case closely enclosing said candle body and adapted to be slipped therefrom by the application of pressure against said member while said case is held from movement with the 5 candle body.
2. The combination with a candle compose'd of combustible material that melts or softens at a comparatively high degree of climatic temperature and 'relatively' low degree of heat and a 1o rigid pressure receiving member attached to the lower end of said candle, of a flexible and pliable case having its lower end open, saidcase ciosely enclosing the candle circumferentially and being movable longitudinally from the candle when 15 held stationary and when pressure is applied against said member.
3. The' combinion with a tapered candle body, of a case mounted on said body for longitudinal x sliding movements therefrom and having its lower 2o end' open, and a rigid pressure receiving member attached to the lower end of the candle body and exposed through the open lower end of said case.
DANVERS O. C. DECKERT. 25