|Publication number||US2025345 A|
|Publication date||Dec 24, 1935|
|Filing date||Jan 30, 1934|
|Priority date||Jan 30, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2025345 A, US 2025345A, US-A-2025345, US2025345 A, US2025345A|
|Inventors||Harris Hyman H|
|Original Assignee||Harris Hyman H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 24, 1935.
H. H, HARRIS SURGICAL INSTRUMENT Filed Jan. 50, 1954 1310671302 HYMAN H. HARRus I PW Patented Dec. 24, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims.
This invention relates to surgical appliances and more particularly to an instrument adapted for use in performing surgical operations, such as that of circumcision, it being among the principal objects of this invention to provide an in strument which facilitates the ease with which such operations may be made and which lessens considerably the usual dangers attending the same.
The invention consists substantially in the combination, construction, location and relative arrangement of parts, as will appear more fully hereinafter, as shown in the accompanying drawing and as finally pointed out in the appended claims.
In the said accompanying drawingz Figure 1 is a perspective View of a preferred embodiment of an instrument constructed in accordance with the present invention;
Figure 2 is a plan View of the instrument with the scissors shown opened;
Figure 3 is a view looking toward the opened end of the instrument as shown in Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a side elevational view of the instrument with the scissors closed;
Figure 5 is a side elevational view of the instrument with the scissors opened;
Figure 6 is a transverse sectional View of the instrument taken on the line t6 of Figure 4;
3 Figure 7 is a plan view of a modified construction of the instrument;
Figure 8 is a view looking toward the front end of the instrument shown in Figure '7; and
Figures 9 and 10 are partial side elevational 3 views of the instrument respectively showing the scissors closed and open.
Referring now to the drawing and more particularly to Figures 1 to 6 thereof which illustrates one preferred embodiment of the present invention, it will be seen that the instrument as constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention essentially comprises a scissors having upwardly curved cutting blades i9 and i l the cooperating members of the scissors being pivoted together by means of a, stud H. which serves not only as a pivot for the blades it and l I, but also as the element for securing in oper ative relation to the scissors the appertinent parts of the instrument to be presently described.
Carried by the scissors and secured in position by the pivot stud I2 is a longitudinally extending relatively narrow member l3, the forward end of which projects to a point immediately beneath the points of the scissors blades Ii] and H, the
said forward end of the member I3 being provided with a rounded point l4 and a longitudinally extending groove l5 in its upper surface.
The portion of the member l3 which projects rearwardly of the pivot stud I2 is longitudinally slotted, as at I6, it being observed, as is shown 5 most clearly in Figure 2, that the member 63 occupies a position such that the operating arms I! and E8 of the scissors are symmetrically disposed to either side thereof. Pivotally secured to each of the shanks I7 and it of the scissors is 10 a link 19, the inner ends of these links being commonly secured to a pivot pin 20 which projects through and is adapted to move longitudinally along the slot A6 in the member 3. The outer extremities of the links I 9-E9 are pivotally 16 secured to the arms H and I8, respectively, by the pins 2|2l.
Formed as an integral part of the underlying member l3 in the immediate vicinity of the main pivot pin I2 is a laterally extending element 22 20 having an upstanding branch 23 terminating in a section 24 extending across the pivoted connection between the cutting blades 10 and H of the scissors. This transversely extending section 24 of the member l3 serves as a support for an up- 35 standing bearing element 25, it being observed that this latter element is substantially coaxially disposed with respect to the pivot pin 2. The upper extremity of the bearing element 25 is notched, as at 26, for a purpose which will appear 30 immediately hereinafter.
Arranged to extend longitudinally of the device and more particularly of the member I3, is a work lifting finger 21, the rear end of this finger being pivotally secured to the pivot pin 20 which slides 5 longitudinally within the slot id of the member H3. The finger 21 is of the shape most clearly shown in Figures 1, 4 and 5 wherein it will be observed that it is provided with a humped section 28 in the forward portion thereof. The forward extremity of the finger 27 is substantially coaxial with the rear portion thereof and is serrated in its upper surface, as at 29. The intermediate humped section 28 of the finger 2'! rests within the notch 26 of the bearing element 25, the opposed upper extremities of the notch being turned inwardly to definitely confine the finger within the notch to prevent its vertical displacement therefrom.
The notched bearing element 25 serves in effeet as a cam member for effecting the desired action of the finger 27, it being observed that when the scissors is closed, as shown in Figure 4, the links l9l9 are caused to assume a substantially parallel relation in consequence of which .movement of the finger 21.
movement of the finger 21, the inclined section 30 thereof rides upon the bearing element 25,
in such manner as to lift the serrated forward end 29 thereof well above the grooved surface of the member I3.
. tremity 29 is raised above the cutting plane; In'
'On the other hand, when the scissors is opened, as shown in Figures 1, 4 and 5, the links |9-|9 are expanded and so draw the finger 21 rearwardly with the result that the section 3| of the humped portion of the finger coacts with the slotted bearing member 25 to depress the finger to such extent as to seat the serrated end 29 thereof within the groove 5 of the member I3.
In the operation of the device, the scissors is first opened as shown in Figures 1 and 2, so as to cause the serrated end 29 of the finger to be seated within the groove l5 of the member 3. The pointed end of the member i3 is then introduced beneath the tissue which is to be removed, it being understood that in this operation the serrated end 29 of the finger also lies beneath the tissue to be removed. Thereupon, the operator closes the scissors with the result that the finger 21 is lifted into the position shown in Figure 4. As the finger lifts, the serrated extremity thereof carries with it that portion of the tis-' the serrated extremity 29 of the finger 21 is lifted,
the blades l and H of the scissors are closed, it being understood, however, that the arrangement of the device is such that the blades of the scissors are not brought into cutting relation one with the other until just after the serrated exother words, the several parts of the device are so operatively associated that by a single manipulation of the device, the tissue to be removed is lifted away from its supporting body and then severed by the cutting blades |0and ll of the device.
Figures 7 to 10, inclusive, illustrate a modified form of the instrument. In this modified construction, a scissors is again employed having the cutting blades 32-33 and the operating shanks 34-35. Also, there is employed the longitudinally extending underlying member 36 which serves essentially the same function as the member I3 of the above described instrument, this member 36 being provided with an elongated slot 31 in the rear portion thereof. Links 38-38, joined together by a pivot pin 39, have their opposite ends respectively connected to the shanks 34-35 of the scissors.
Secured to the pivot pin 39, which is adapted for sliding movement within the slot 31, is a forwardly extending member 40 of the shape best shown in Figures 9 and 10, the forward extremity of this member 40 being provided with an integrally formed downwardly presenting yoke 4|. The member 49 rides within a slot 42 formed in the upper end of an upstanding post 43 which is secured in position by the main pivot pin 44 of the scissors. It is this pivot pin 44 which also maintains the slotted member 36 in operative relation to the scissors. It will be understood that the member 48 operates essentially in the manner of the finger 21 of the arrangement shown in Figures 1 to in that as the scissors is closed,
ter to spring into separated relation.
the member 40 is projected forwardly (see Figure 9), while as the scissors is opened, the member 40 is drawn rearwardly into the position shown in Figures '7 and 10.
Pivotally secured to the post 43, as at 45, is a claw 46, this claw being provided with a pair of jaws 41-48 (see Figures 7 and 8) which nor- 'mally tend to spring outwardly and away from each other. These jaws are respectively provided with inturned teeth 49-49 which coact to engage the tissue which is to be lifted from its' supporting body and then severed by the scissors blade. The yoke 4| at the forward extremity of the member 40 embraces the claw 46 and coacts therewith to raise or lower the said claw as the scissors is closed or opened.
In the operation of the modified device, it will be seen that as the scissors is opened (as shown in Figures 7, 8 and the member 40 is withdrawn rearwardly with the result that the yoke 4| thereof is shifted rearwardly of the claw 46 sufiiciently to permit the jaws 41-48 of the latsame time, the yoke 4| is depressed due to the camming action of the slotted post 43 upon the member 40, thereby depressing the claw 46 into such position that the teeth 49-49 of the claw jaws engage opposite sides of the pointed forward extremity of the member 36. As the scissors is closed, the member 40 is shifted forwardly with the result that the yoke 4| rides forwardly along the spring pressed claw jaws to cause the latter to close against one another at the same time lifting the closed jaws upwardly to a point above the cutting plane of the scissors blades 32-33. It will thus appear that the operation of the modified structure is essentially the same as that of the instrument first described, the principal difference between the two being that'whereas in the first described structure the finger 21 is provided with a serrated point 29 which engages beneath and so lifts the tissue to be removed, in the second described instrument, the spring pressed jaws 41-48 of the claw 46 grasp and so lift the tissue to be severed by the cutting blades of the instrument.
It will be understood, of course, that the invention may be modified in other ways than herein disclosed without departing from the general principles or real spirit thereof and it is accordingly intended to claim; the invention broadly, as well as specifically, as indicated in the appended claims.
What is claimed as new and useful'is:
1. In a surgical instrument of the character described, in combination, a pair of cutting elements pivotally secured together, a longitudinally extending member positioned beneath said cut ting elements, tissue lifting means extending longitudinally of said member and adapted to coact therewith to separate tissue to be severed from its supporting body, and means operative automatically upon manipulation of the cutting elements to raise said tissue'lifting means from a point beneath the cutting plane of said cutting elements to a point above said cutting plane.
2. In a surgical instrument of the character described, in combination, a pair of cutting elements pivotally secured together, a longitudinally extending member extending longitudinally of and arranged symmetrically between said cutting members, the forward extremity of said member being disposed immediately beneath the cutting blades of the cutting members, and means shiftable longitudinally of said member upon manipu- At the V lation of said cutting members for movement into and out of engagement with said member and operative, as the cutting members move into cutting position, to lift the tissue to be severed upwardly from said member to a point above the cutting plane of the cutting members.
3. In a surgical instrument of the character described, in combination, a pair of members pivotally secured together and provided in their forward extremities with coacting cutting blades, a member extending longitudinally of said pivotally secured members and disposed symmetrically with respect to said cutting blades, the forward extremity of said member being disposed beneath the cutting plane of the blades, tissue lifting means operatively associated with said member, and means operative automatically to raise said tissue lifting means from said member to a point above the cutting plane of said cutting blades whereby to present the tissue to be removed between the said cutting blades.
4. In a surgical instrument of the character described, in combination, a pair of surgical scissors, a member extending forwardly of the scissors and disposed in substantially symmetrical relation with respect to the cutting blades of the scissors, said member being adapted for insertion between tissue or other matter to be removed and its supporting body, means operatively associated with said member for engaging the tissue to be removed, said tissue engaging means being in close proximity to said member while said scissors is open, and means operative automatically upon closing the scissors to lift said tissue engaging means above said member whereby to present the tissue to be removed between the cutting blades of the scissors.
5. In a surgical instrument of the character described, in combination, a pair of scissors having pivotally secured manipulating shanks and coacting cutting blades, a member underlying said cutting blades and arranged symmetrically with respect thereto, the upper surface of said member being longitudinally grooved, a tissue engaging finger operatively associated with said member and having a forward extremity adapted for seating engagement within said groove when said cutting blades are in separated or open relation, and means operative automatically upon the closing of said cutting blades to raise said forward extremity of the tissue engaging finger upwardly between the cutting blades to a point above the cutting plane thereof.
6. In a surgical instrument of the character described, in combination, a pair of scissors having pivotally secured manipulating shanks and coacting cutting blades, a member underlying said cutting blades and arranged symmetrically with respect thereto, a tissue engaging claw having spring pressed jaws adapted to engage the upper surface of said member when said cutting blades of the scissors are in separated or open relation, and means operative automatically upon manipulation of the scissors shanks to close the blades thereof to simultaneously close the jaws of said tissue engaging claw and raise the latter to a point above the cutting plane of the said cutting blades.
HYMAN H. HARRIS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2629171 *||Dec 28, 1948||Feb 24, 1953||Boegehold Alfred L||Combined comb and scissors|
|US4271838 *||Sep 26, 1978||Jun 9, 1981||Laschal Instruments Corp.||Suture cutter|
|US5383886 *||Oct 13, 1992||Jan 24, 1995||Kensey Nash Corporation||Methods and instruments for performing medical procedures percutaneously without a trocar|
|US5746748 *||Dec 27, 1995||May 5, 1998||Frederic Steinberg||Circumcision instrument|
|US6685716 *||Jan 4, 2000||Feb 3, 2004||Transvascular, Inc.||Over-the-wire apparatus and method for open surgery making of fluid connection between two neighboring vessels|
|US20080004650 *||Aug 13, 2007||Jan 3, 2008||Samuel George||Scissors|
|US20090204126 *||Sep 20, 2006||Aug 13, 2009||Andrew Le||Cutting Instrument|
|DE10101425A1 *||Jan 13, 2001||Jul 25, 2002||Aesculap Ag & Co Kg||Surgical instrument with two swivel arms indents or recesses arms where they adjoin in swivel or adjoining area so arms can diverge in parallel for contact surface cleaning.|
|DE10101425B4 *||Jan 13, 2001||Sep 8, 2005||Aesculap Ag & Co. Kg||Chirurgisches Instrument|
|U.S. Classification||606/174, 30/131, 606/118|