Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2025379 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 24, 1935
Filing dateAug 23, 1934
Priority dateAug 23, 1934
Publication numberUS 2025379 A, US 2025379A, US-A-2025379, US2025379 A, US2025379A
InventorsJr John P Croasdale
Original AssigneeAnne Spencer Shaw
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined container and stirrer
US 2025379 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec, 24, E35. J P. CROASDALE, JR 2,025,379 I COMBI NED CONTAINER AND STIRRER Filed Aug. 25, 1954 If r fly 7 {we/1507'" F 6: @PfiroaSdaZeJi;

Patented Dec. 24, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE John P. Croasdale, J12, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor of one-half to Anne Spencer Shaw, Chestnut Hill, Pa.

Application August 23, 1934, Serial No. 741,053

3 Claims.

The invention relates to combined container and stirrer.

The object is to provide an improved container with a device adapted to stir or mix the sub- 5 stance contained therein, said stirrer provided with actuating means having a part projecting through the wall of the .container, with means for maintaining a hermetic seal between said. projecting part and the wall surrounding the same.

The invention is especially adapted for use with viscous materials such as paint, varnish or the like, in which the components of the material are liable to separate, and of which some of said components are extremely volatile.

It has long been the practice to provide a hermetically closed container for such materials, so that the more volatile ingredients may not be permitted to escape and so cause a deterioration of said mass of material.

When the container is opened, it is customary to use a stick or other suitable instrument to stir the contents so that the said ingredients may be again thoroughly mixed before using. As

the container is full, or nearly full or material it is difficult to perform this stirring or mixing operation without splashing or spilling some of the material from the can. It has also been found that, after the can is opened, and only part of the material is used, the material rapidly deteriorates because of the escape of said Volatile ingredients.

It has been proposed to provide means for stirring or mixing the contents of the container before opening the same. This requires that the shaft of the stirrer must project through a wall of the container so that a crank handle or other actuating device may be associated with said stirrer outside the container.

Until it is desired to operate the stirrer, the

part projecting through the Wall of the container must be hermetically sealed thereto for the reason, as above stated, that there may be no escape of the fluid or volatile ingredients of said material during storing and transportation.

It is also desirable that the seal shall be maintained after the stirring operation, in case only a part of the contents is used.

In large containers, such as barrels, drums or casks, the usual gasket or stuffing box has been proposed. Such devices however are expensive, and as the gaskets are usually of more or less porous material, while serving to prevent serious leak of liquid, will not prevent the escape of g volatile gases, especially when the. same are under pressure slightly above atmospheric.

In the use of small containers, such as quart, pint and half pint tin cans, sold at a very small price, such means would be prohibited because of 5 the cost. In connection with small tin containers it has been proposed to seal the shaft with the surrounding wall of the container by a soft solder, which seal may be readily broken by rotation of the smooth actuating shaft. The op- 10 .eration of soldering is also quite expensive, as it must be practiced with care. It also has the objection that, when the seal is once broken, it

is impossible, after using a part, to protect the remaining .contents from deterioration by evap- 15 oration.

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a hermetic seal, between the shaft and the container Wall, which shall be extremely inexpensive to make and to apply, and which may 29 also be employed to maintain such hermetic seal at all times, before, during and after the stirring operation; a seal that will prevent the escape of volatile material, even when the same is slightly above atmospheric pressure, due to tem- 25 perature or other conditions.

Referring to the drawing which illustrates, merely by way of example, suitable means for eifecting the invention;

Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a can with my so improved construction.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of same.

Fig. 3 is an elevation of the sealing body, on an enlarged scale.

Fig. 4 is a section on line i, 4 of Fig. 3. 35

Fig. 5 is a similar sectional view showing the assembly.

Figs. 6, 7, and 8 are diagrammatic-views, on a still larger scale, showing the processes of assembly and the resulting regions and degrees of compression.

Similar numerals refer to throughout the several views.

In the example shown, the can or container It is provided with the closure or lid l I pressed into 45 position with the can to provide a hermetic seal therebetween. The lid It is provided with the depression l2 and a centrally disposed opening 13. The opening I3. is provided with a downwardly projecting tubular flange It. a

The stirrer or mixer I5 is connected in any suitable way with the actuating shaft I6. This shaft has a part M which projects upwardly through the opening l3, and is then bent over to 55 similar parts Figs. 6, 7, and 3.

lie flat upon the top of lid i l, and below the outer peripheral margin of the lid and can. This part of the shaft which lies flat upon the lid is bent into U-shape with the two parallel extensions l1 and H. The outer extension I1 is adapted to be lifted into the vertical position, as shown in Fig. 5, to form a crank handle for the shaft actuation.

A formation or plug 28 of preferably resilient, compressible material, such for example as cork, or rubber, or other fluid tight substance or composition, which is softer than the metal of the shaft and the surrounding" wall of the lid, surrounds the shaft and projects into and'through the tubular flange it of' the opening l3, in the lid H.

This plug 2!] is preferably provided with an axially disposed channel l9 extending into the plug from the upper face or end thereof, partly toward the other end. This channel I9 has a diameter substantially less than the diameter of the; shaft to. The plug has an enlarged upper part 2!, a downwardly extending part 22 of less diameter and a slight ridge or enlargement 23 at the bottom. The extension or part 22 is of diameter normally greater than the diameter of the tubular flange M of opening I3.

Assembly and operation diameter of extension 22, causes a compression of the formation 26, graduallydiminishmg in density from its periphery, as indicated by thelining in This compression causes a slight extrusion or expanding of the'lower 'em [larged part 23 outwardly beneath the lower margin of flange Hi, also as shown in the said figures.

This also tends tohold the semispherical part 2! in pressure engagement with the depressed part I2 of lid II.

The shaft 56 is then forced into the channel l9 and, as the shaft diameter is greater than the diameter of'the channel, the material of the plug is put under compression radially, in the region surrounding the shaft. The density of this compression gradually diminishes toward the periphery of the formation 2%, so that the density ofsaid formation is greater at the region adja- Y the shaft it, thus increasing the degree or density of compression of material adjacent to and surrounding the shaft at the lower end of the plug or formation 28.

The oppositely directed compressions, and the degrees of compressions, in the said regions surrounding the shaft and surrounded by the flange, 2 leave practically no uncompressed parts in said region extending from the bottom of channel I9 to the bottom of the flange [4. This double com pression also causes a further extrusion, or pushing out of the annular enlargement 23 beneath the bottom of flange it, as shown in Fig. 8; In this way an extremely efficient hermetic seal is produced between shaft and flange at the critical point or line, that is, where the leak of the volatile content would naturally tend to start. The projecting annular part 23 beneath the lower end of flange I4 also serves to lock the formation 20 in opening l3 and flange l4, against accidental 10 displacement, as for instance, when lifting the extension I? as above described. This hermetic seal between the flange it of the opening l3 and the shaft l6, due to the cooperating oppositely directed compressions, is suflicient to resist or prevent the passage of volatile content, even when the pressure inside and outside the container differ.

Another distinct advantage of this arrangement is that the shaft may be rotated indefinitely without departing from'its normal vertical 'position, that is without rocking and hence tending to break thehermetic seal, which seal will always be assured by the compressions referred to. In

' accordance with the means described, after a part of the contents has'been used; the lid'may'be replaced and the seal between shaftandflange will be as effective as ever.

The production and assemblyof the parta -as herein described, are extremely simple and inexpensive; in fact the cost is only a fraction of a cent per can.

To operate the stirrer, a finger is p'la'cedand pressed upon the extension I7", adjacent'the top of the plug, while the outer end of extension I1 is lifted, thereby bending the wire and providing a crank handle for rotating the shaft.

What I claim is:-

1. In combination with a'hermetically sealed container having ashaft opening inits" wall, r40 stirrer within the container, a rotatable shaft connected to the "stirrer and having a part projecting through said opening, means for rotating the shaft; and means forming a journal bearing for said shaft, comprising a resilient and 'com pressible body within the opening under substantial and constant compression in'direction's radial to the axis of the shaft but having unconfined end portions on'both sides of the opening, said bearing adapted to maintain the shaft"substantiallyfi perpendicular to the plane of the surrounding wall and to maintain a hermetic seal-between the shaft and said' surrounding wall while permitting free'rotation of the shaft.

2. In combination with a hermetically sealed' container having a shaft openingin its'wall, a straight cylindrical flange associated with said opening, a stirrer within the container, a-rotatable shaft connected to'the stirrer and having a part projecting through said opening, means for rotating'the shaft, and means forming a journal bearing for said shaft comprising a resilientand compressible bodyhaving a portion within the opening under substantial and constant com.- pression in directions, radial to the axis of' the shaft, and unrestrained portions at both ends of said cylindrical flange, said bearing adapted to maintain the shaft substantially perpendicular to the plane of the surrounding wall; andtol maintain a hermetic seal between the shaft and said surrounding wall while permitting free rotation of the shaft.

3. In combination with a hermetically sealed container having'a shaft opening in its Wall, s

stirrer within the container, a rotatable shaft connected to the stirrer and having a part projecting through said opening, means for rotating the shaft, and. means forming a journal bearing for said shaft, comprising a resilient and compressible body within the opening under substantial and. constant compression in directions radial to the axis of the shaft, said body formed with an axial channel extending part way therethrough, the shaft extending through the channel and through the material of the body beyond the end of the channel and in alinement therewith, so as to displace the material in amount corresponding to the dimensions of the displacing part of the shaft.

- JNO. P. CROASDALE, JR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3972512 *Dec 19, 1974Aug 3, 1976Grise Frederick Gerard JMixing materials in containers
US6306658Dec 14, 1998Oct 23, 2001Symyx TechnologiesParallel reactor with internal sensing
US6455316 *Apr 13, 2000Sep 24, 2002Symyx Technologies, Inc.For making and characterizing materials; forming reaction mixtures in vessels of parallel apparatus, confining mixture against fluid contamination, injecting fluid into and agitating vessels, and using processor to monitor
US6548026Oct 22, 1998Apr 15, 2003Symyx Technologies, Inc.Parallel reactor with internal sensing and method of using same
US6582116Sep 24, 2001Jun 24, 2003Symyx Technologies, Inc.Apparatus and method for mixing small volumes of reaction materials
US6818183Apr 29, 2002Nov 16, 2004Symyx Technologies, Inc.For carrying out and monitoring the progress and properties of multiple reactions
US6834990Apr 8, 2003Dec 28, 2004Symyx Technologies, Inc.Impeller for mixing small volumes of reaction materials
US6890492Nov 28, 2000May 10, 2005Symyx Technologies, Inc.Parallel reactor with internal sensing and method of using same
US6994827Jun 1, 2001Feb 7, 2006Symyx Technologies, Inc.Shaft driven stirrers; connecting chemical reactors; fluid flow; biosynthesis
US7288229May 8, 2001Oct 30, 2007Symyx Technologies, Inc.To prepare and screen combinatorial libraries in which one can monitor and control process conditions during synthesis and screening
US8177418 *Oct 28, 2008May 15, 2012Debra EdwardsApparatus for making, storing, and transporting frozen confections and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification366/247, 366/605
International ClassificationB01F13/00, B01F15/00, B44D3/06, B01F7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB44D3/06, B01F15/00506, B01F7/00, B01F13/002, Y10S366/605, B01F7/1695
European ClassificationB01F13/00K2B, B44D3/06, B01F7/16S