US 2025843 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 31, 1935,. H. F.y ANDi-:RsoN
INFANT S DIAPER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 28, 1935 Home y Dec. 31, 1935. H. F. ANDERSON f INFANT S DIAPER Filed Aug. 28, 1933 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Invenior f/JZZWJfJn Q By Home y pad.
Patented Dec. 31,- 1935 UNITED STATES INFANTS DIAPER Hazel F. Anderson` Niagara Falls, Ontario,
Application August 2s, 1933, serial No. 687,184 eciaims. (c1. 12s-284) This invention relates to an improved diaper which is especially but not necessarily adapted for infants use and `has more particular reference to an article of this classification which is adapted for temporary use, thatis used but a single time and then disposed of.
Briefly stated I have evolved and produced a simple and economical diaper constructed from light weight gauze and an absorbent pad of a texture to permit the diapers to be manufactured and sold in quantity lots, then individually used and afterwards disposed of to promote sanitation and to 'relieve the user of certain 'obvious burdens of washing and ironing and other objectionable tasks incident to the use of ordinary fabric or textile diapers of the conventional textile type.
In perfecting the principles of this unique diaper I have had in mind many obstacles which are met with the use of ordinary diapers and measures have therefore been taken to embody requisite precautionary and scientific features and to thereby provide an ingenuous article whose features of accommodations andA adaptation transcend those of similar articles of manufacture.
The particular shape and configuration of a .diaper as constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention reveals certain features of accommodations and comfort such as not only promote freedom of movement of the infants legs but constitutes innovation due to the excellent catchment and absorbent facilities embodied in the especially designed and arranged y Other features and advantages which are aptly fitted to permit fulfillment of the desired aims will become more readily apparent from the following description and drawings.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view showing the manner in which the duplex type of diaper is worn by the infant.
Figure 2 is a similar view showing the manner of placing the diaper in position.
Figure 3 is a top plan view of the complete article detached.
Figures 4 and 5 are sections .on the lines 4-4 and 5 5 respectively of Figure 3.
Figure 6 is a plan view of a special blank from which the article is formulated.
Figure '7 is a plan view of the type of absorbent pad utilized in the construction of the diaper.
Figure 8 is a plan view, similar to Figure 3 showing the single type or simplified' form of diaper. l
numerals. It is further understood that by bring- Briey stated, and as before implied the diaper may be of the dual or duplex type as illustrated in Figure 3 for greater stabilization and effectiveness or it may be of the simple economical single type illustrated in Figure 8. To avoid con- 5 fusion these two embodiments of the invention. will be separately described. In addition it is to be pointed out that the texture of the material utilized for the manufacture of the diaper may be varied. It is desired however that the casing portion be` of some inexpensive light weight nonchaing gauze. The absorbent element or pad may be of a paper texture such as is frequently used in the construction of sanitary pads. The idea if` to use materials which make it practical to manufacture the diapers at a small cost and to permit the diaper to be used a single time and then disposed of.
The blank from which the duplex type diaper is constructed isshown in Figure 6 and is made of double or singleply gauze with its marginal portions hemmed to prevent the presence .of raw edges. It comprises a pair of rectangular end portions A and B and a central rectangular portion C which is twice as wide as the two end portions A and B. 'I'he parts A and IB are joined to the part C through the instrumentality of connective Webs D and E. The central part C is folded between its ends on the fold line F into halves G and H. It is understood that this is merely the gauze casing. Moreover I have chosen to utilize letter symbols in the description of this blank so as to differentiate from the final iinished features which are denoted by reference ing the parts B up into matching relationship with the part A` and folding the part C on the line F this gives the shape of the diaper illustrated in Figure 3. When the absorbent pad J is inserted and stitched between the parts the complete diaper is finished. For sake of distinction as shown in Figure 3 the complete diaper comprises a main abdominal or belly band 9 and a supplemental or secondary belly band l0, these being of elongated or belt-like form and arrangedinspaced parallelism. They are joined together by the two plies D and E which form the shield or crotch strap Il, this being centrally arranged and-having its longitudinal edges curved as indicated at I2 and I3 to conform to the portions of the anatomy with which the shield intimately coacts.
The `shield Il is padded by the incorporation therein of the aforesaid pad J. This pad J conforms in shape to the webs D and E and may be ,said to comprise an upper rectangle end portion A as will be explained later.
III and a. dovetailed end portion I5, these being joined together by a relatively-narrow jonting neck I6. It is the neck portion which cooperates with the features D and E which define the shield I I. The rectangular portion I 4 is` located between the plies A and B as a back protection feature The dovetailed end portion I5 is stitched betweenthe overlapped halves G and H. The numerals II and I8 designate a plurality of individual tie tapes or cords connected to `the two bands 9 and I0 to permit the bands to be joined together in overlapping relationship as shown in Figure 1. Of course the tapes I8 on the main band 9 are permitted to be fastened and placed first as` shown in Figure 2 then by drawing'the remaining band I0 between the legs and tightening the crotch piece or shield the band Iii is placed over or encircles the band 9. These two bands function to provide the desired type of belly band which is worn by infants for protective purposes. Therefore in a sense the diaper is a combination shield and belly band.
The reason for extending the rectangular part Id of the pad up between the two plies of the main band 9 is to provide a catchment pad and overcome undue wetting of the back of the infant such as so frequently occurs. It is 'obvious however that the band I0 need not be padded but simply provides a reinforcing or anchoring means for the dovetailed end I5.
The gist of this duplex type of diaper is predicated upon a double ply gauze casing with its portion fashioned to provide a pair of spaced parallel body encircling main and supplemental bands 9 and I0 joined together through the instrumentality of a curved edge centralized relatively narrow padded comforting and protective shield II. As before stated, however, a portion of the pad extends upwardly between the central portions of the main band 9 so as to provide what may be designated as a back absorbent or catchment pad. It is immaterial whether the tapes II and I8 be provided because safety pins can be used. It is believed however that tie-tapes are preferable in that they prevent accidental injury.
In the simplified singletype diaper illustrated in Figure 8 the fundamental principles of construction and function are the same. Essentially I have simply omitted the secondary band I0. To avoid confusion however I am going to describe this particular type individually. It comprises a single belly band I9 of a type and style to surround or embrace the infants abdomen. It is of gauze or equivalent material and the central portion is provided with a back pad 20. The band is also equipped with tie tapes or cords 2l. The pendant portion denoted by the numeral 22 constitutes .the crotch shield andthis is also formed of gauze and internally padded and provided with tie cords 23. It has the aforementioned longitudinal curved edges 24 designed to conform to the anatomy covered and to afford freedom of movement of the legs of the infant as is obvious.
I shall not attempt to point out the many commercial aspects or thespecial. features and advantages which would be particularly appreciated by the nurse or the mother. It is thought that for the purpose of a clear understanding of `the invention the preceding description and 'drawings will suice to afford the reader a clear impression.
A careful consideration of the foregoing description in conjunction with the illustrative drawings will enable the reader to 'obtain a clear understanding the purpose, features and advantages, the explicit construction, and the invention as hereinafter claimed.
It is to be understood that minor changes in shape, size, relative proportions, and materials may be resorted to in practice without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the invention as now claimed.
Havingl thus described my invention, what I claim as new is:
l. A garment of the class described comprising upper and lower body encircling bands of substantially the same width and length and a connecting web between the central portions of said bands, said web being adapted to pass between the legs cf a wearer, with the upper band encircling the body of the wearer and the lower bard also encircling the body of the wearer, with one band located on the other, means for connecting together the ends of one band at the' Vrial having its top part located ln that part of the casing at the central portion of one band, the rest of the pad being located in that part of the casing formed by the web with a portion of the pad slightly extending into the central portion of the other band, means for connecting together the ends of said one band at the front of the body and A:neans for connecting together the ends of the other b and at the rear of the body, the last mentioned band being located on the other band when the garment is in use, with the web extending between the legs of a wearer.
HAZEL F. ANDERSON.