|Publication number||US2029126 A|
|Publication date||Jan 28, 1936|
|Filing date||Mar 1, 1934|
|Priority date||Mar 1, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2029126 A, US 2029126A, US-A-2029126, US2029126 A, US2029126A|
|Inventors||Adolph W Rybeck|
|Original Assignee||T L Smith Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (26), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 28, 1936. A. w. RYBECK 2,029,126
MIXING APPARATUS Filed March 1, 1934 s Sheets-Sheet 1 y ak A. W. RYBECK Jan. 28, 1936.
MIXING APPARATUS Filed March 1, 1934 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 ni h/pf? W Hy Mk wwamag Jan. 28, 1936. w RYBECK 2,029,126
' MIXING APPARATUS Filed March 1, 1934 3 Sheecs-Sheet 3 ME Mk Patented Jan. 28, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE MIXING APPARATUS poration of Wisconsin Application March 1, 1934, Serial No. 713,494
This invention relates to improvements in concrete mixing apparatus and refers more particularly to transit mixers in which a mixing drum is mounted upon a road vehicle to receive a load of aggregates, cement and water, at a supply source and mix the batch while en route so that upon arrival at the job, the concrete is ready for use.
In transit mixers heretofore in use, an opening in the side wall of the drum has provided the feed opening through which the drum was charged. The opening was, of course, closed by a removable cover, but owing to the difficulty of keeping the parts clean, it was practically impossible to close the cover tightly and as the drum is rotated during transit, much of the fine mixture leaked out through the feed opening, thus materially afiecting the quality of the concrete.
With this and other objections to existing transit mixers in mind, this invention has as its object to provide a concrete mixer of the character described in which both the feeding and the discharging of the contents of the mixing drum may be effected at one end of the drum.
More specifically, it is an object of this invention to provide a mixing drum particularly adapted for use in transit mixers in which the feed and discharge openings are both at one end of the drum and are defined by walls so arranged that one opening is within the other.
With the above and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, my invention resides in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts substantially as hereinafter described and more particularly defined by the appended claims, it being understood that such changes in the precise embodimentof the hereindisclosed invention may be made as come within the scope of the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, I have illustrated one complete example of the physical embodiment of my invention constructed according to the best mode I have so far devised for the practical application of the principles thereof, and in which:
Figure 1 is a side view of a concrete mixing apparatus embodying this invention, showing the same mounted upon a truck chassis;
Figure 2 is an enlarged view partially in side elevation and partly in section of the mixing drum per se;
Figure 3 is an enlarged detail view of the water discharge nozzle;
Figure 4 is an end view of the mimng drum taken on the plane of the line 4-4 of Figure 2; and
Figure 5 is a cross sectional view taken through Figure 2 on the plane of the line 5-5.
Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings in which like numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views, the numeral 5 designates the chassis of the automobile truck upon which the frame 9 of the mixing apparatus is mounted. The frame 6 includes forward and rear supports l8 and 8, respectively, between which the mixing drum 9 is rotatably mounted.
As shown, the drum is of roughly truncated cone shape and is mounted sidewise with its axis inclined upwardly and rearwardly to dispose its open vertex which is the rear end of the drum. high enough to preclude accidental discharge of the drum contents. The means to rotatably mount the drum from the forward and rear standards comprises a plurality of rollers ill mounted on the rear upright 8 and arranged to track on an annular rim H encircling the drum.
Cooperating with the rollers 10 is a bearing l2 carried by the forward support is. Journalled in this bearing is a tubular shaft it, which extends through the center of the front wall i l of the drum. The drum is thus freely rotatably mounted through the coaction of the bearing i2 and the rollers ill and is driven from a pinion i5,
which meshes with a large ring gear i6 preferably formed directly on the front wall it.
The driving pinion i5 is fixed to a shaft i! journalled in bearings carried by the support it.
A gear iii is fixed to the shaft H, which in turn meshes with and is driven through gearing indicated generally by the numeral 29, from a transmission unit 2!. The transmission unit 2i may be driven from an engine (not shown) enclosed within a housing 22.
The particular type of drive mechanism is, of course, optional and is, therefore, not shown in detail. It is noted, however, that the transmis sion unit 2i is provided with a gear shift ,lever 23, through which the direction of the driving force may be reversed so that the drum may be driven in either direction.
The hollow shaft l3, as noted, extends through the center of the front wall M and its inner end,
which terminates at the approximate center of the drum is provided with a discharge nozzle 24, illustrated in detail in Figure 3. This nozzle comprises merely a hood secured over the open end of the hollow shaft so that fluid issuing therefrom will be directed back into the drum rather than expelled through the rear open end thereof, and the materials being mixed willbe'precluded from entering the hollow shaft.
Exteriorly of the drum and forwardly of the bearing l2, the tubular shaft has a rotatable but fluid tiglit connection with one of the three branches of a T fitting 26. One of the remaining branches of the fitting .is connected through a valved connection 21 with a water supply tank 28 mounted at the top of a water tank support 1, and the third branch of the fitting has a valved discharge pipe 29 connected thereto through which the contents of the tank and the hollow shaft may be completely drained. I
Mounted in the rear open end of the drum is a screw conveyor indicated generally by the numeral 30 and comprising two spiral rings or baiiles 3|, whose outer peripheries are secured to the inner walls of the drum and whose inner peripheries are fixed to a central duct 32, which affords an inlet or feed passage to the interior of the drum.
In loading the drum, the materials are inserted through the duct 32 and to facilitate such loading, a charging hopper 33 is mounted on the rear upright 8 with its discharge end extending into the duct 32, as clearly shown in Figure 2.
Beneath the charging hopper 33 and embracing the lower portion of the open rear end of the drumis a discharge hopper 34, also supported on the rear upright 8. This discharge hopper is at all times in communication with the space between the duct 32 and the wall of the drum to receive material worked upwardly and rearwardly by the spiral rings 31 upon reverse rotation of the drum.
During mixing of the batch, the rotation of the drum is such that any material which contacts the spiral rings 3! is continuously thrown back down into the drum, but when the direction of rotation is reversed, the material will be worked rearwardly into the discharge hopper 34, from which it may be discharged through a collapsible chute structure 35. The chute structure 35 is preferably hingedly and pivotally mounted from the rear upright 8 as at 36 and may comprise two sections hingedly connected as at 31.
Forwardly of the spiral rings 3|, the inner wall of the mixing drum carries a plurality of inwardly directed blades 38 and 39, so shaped and disposed with respect to the spiral rings that during the normal rotation of the drum to effect the mixing of its contents, the tendency is to'keep throwing the material toward the front end of the drum, but upon a reversal of the direction of rotation, the material is constantly fed rearwardly to the spiral rings 3|, which as stated, carry it back into the discharge hopper 34.
From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, that this invention affords a concrete mixing apparatus particularly suitable to the transit type of mixer, and that it does away with the loss of the finer portions of the batch through leakage,
and also materially simplifies the mounting for the mixing drum. 7
What I claim as my invention is:
1. In a material mixing apparatus, a rotatable mixing drum having an opening at one end, a'tubular'duct in said end of the drum to afford a charging passage, said duct being spaced from the adjacent wall of the drum to provide a discharge passage around the outside of the duct and extending a substantial distance into the drum. and a spiral wall encircling the tubular duct with one edge fixed to the duct and its opposite edge fixed to the drum to mount the duct from the drum without closing said discharge passage, and said spiral wall being operable upon rotation of the'drum in one direction to eject material from the interior of the drum out through said discharge passage between the duct and the adjacent wall of the drum.
2. In a material mixing apparatus of the character described, a rotatable mixing drum, means to rotatably mount the drum with its axis inclined from the horizontal so as to dispose one end higher than the other, a duct mounted in the high end portion of the drum in spaced relation to the wall thereof and extending a substantial distance into the drum to define a central inlet passage and' an annular discharge passage circumscribing the duct, and spiral vanes fixed to the outer wall of the duct and the inner wall of the drum to extend across said discharge passage for carrying material from the interior of the drum outwardly through said discharge passage upon rotation of the drum in one direction.
3. A transit mixer comprising in combination with a road vehicle, a frame, a mixing drum, means to rotatably mount the mixing drum in the frame including a bearing and a tubular shaft journalled in the bearing and extending into the mixing drum, drive means carried by the frame to selectively rotate the drum in either direction, means for supplying water to the drum through said tubular shaft, a duct mounted in one end portion of the drum in spaced relation to the wall thereof and extending a substantial drum outwardly through said discharge passage upon rotation of the drum in one direction.
ADOLPH W. RYBECK.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2415989 *||Jul 27, 1944||Feb 18, 1947||Jaeger Machine Co||Drive mechanism for concrete mixers|
|US2485302 *||Apr 9, 1947||Oct 18, 1949||Worthington Pump & Mach Corp||Tilting mixing machine|
|US2533191 *||Aug 26, 1946||Dec 5, 1950||Jaeger Machine Co||Water distributing device for mixers|
|US2556034 *||Jul 17, 1948||Jun 5, 1951||Transmission & Gear Company||Drive arrangement|
|US2561186 *||Feb 4, 1943||Jul 17, 1951||Gen Electric||Washing machine|
|US2573103 *||Aug 18, 1944||Oct 30, 1951||Kling Bros Engineering Works||Unloading structure for garment cylinders|
|US2612250 *||Jan 31, 1949||Sep 30, 1952||Blaw Knox Co||Discharge chute assembly for concrete mixers or the like|
|US2618472 *||May 1, 1950||Nov 18, 1952||Castendyck Jesse R||Transit concrete mixer|
|US2669131 *||Mar 6, 1950||Feb 16, 1954||Le Roi Company||Drive arrangement for truck mixers|
|US2672327 *||Apr 13, 1951||Mar 16, 1954||Oury Engineering Company||Distributing chute for transit concrete mixers|
|US2678197 *||Sep 22, 1951||May 11, 1954||Oury Engineering Company||Open end transit concrete mixing drum|
|US2705621 *||Dec 4, 1951||Apr 5, 1955||Oury Engineering Company||Concrete mixing drum|
|US2750164 *||Aug 27, 1954||Jun 12, 1956||Oury Engineering Company||Charging chute for transit concrete mixers|
|US2884235 *||Feb 11, 1957||Apr 28, 1959||T L Smith Co||Mixer charging chute telescoping over charging cone|
|US2902268 *||Feb 11, 1957||Sep 1, 1959||T L Smith Co||Apparatus for preventing leakage from open ended mixers or agitators|
|US3518849 *||Nov 26, 1968||Jul 7, 1970||William S Eggleston||Hide processing method and apparatus|
|US3767171 *||Jul 9, 1971||Oct 23, 1973||Dunmire P||Small volume transit-mix|
|US3995458 *||Feb 24, 1975||Dec 7, 1976||Engelhardt & Forster||Laundry machine|
|US4037331 *||Jan 19, 1976||Jul 26, 1977||L'air Liquide, Societe Anonyme Pour L'etude Et L'exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude||Freeze-drying apparatus|
|US4462690 *||Jan 21, 1982||Jul 31, 1984||Reinhard Wirtgen||Apparatus for the production of applicable coating _material for coating milled-off or peeled-off road surfaces|
|US4792234 *||Jan 6, 1986||Dec 20, 1988||Port-A-Pour, Inc.||Portable concrete batch plant|
|US5232282 *||Jul 8, 1992||Aug 3, 1993||Johnson Daniel E||Food waste mixing and heat treating vehicle, hog lot and method of raising and feeding hogs|
|US5603567 *||Jun 17, 1996||Feb 18, 1997||Blentech Corporation||Coaxial cryogenic injection system|
|US6418948 *||Oct 30, 1998||Jul 16, 2002||Thomas G. Harmon||Apparatus and method for removing concrete from interior surfaces of a concrete mixing drum|
|US20050152217 *||Mar 15, 2004||Jul 14, 2005||O'hara David||Rotary drum for tablet coating with reverse-direction unloading|
|DE2346171A1 *||Sep 13, 1973||May 7, 1975||Gerhard Dr Hudelmaier||Vehicle mounted concrete mixer - has additional coaxial mixer tool on floatingly mounted shaft projecting through drum floor|
|U.S. Classification||366/44, 366/59, 68/210|