US 2030075 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 11, 1936. J. ROBINSON I VAPORIZER DEVICE Original Filed Sept. 10,1928
Patented Feb. 1l, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VAPOEIZER DEVICE Joseph Robinson, New York, N. Y.
Application September 10, 1928, Serial No. 304,967 Renewed March 20, 1934 9 Claims. (Cl. 12S-192) The present invention has to do with a novel combination medicament holder and applicator;
means for dispensing predetermined quantities Figs. 2 and 3 are similar sections, each being of vaporizable materials or substances, especially modified as to the holder construction; those from which medicinal fumes may be de- Fig. 4 is av view in elevation of a form in which 5 rived by the application of heat, without referthe applicator is provided with a handle member; ence to the means whereby the heat is produced.. Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of the In connection with this invention reference is medicament holder; made to my copending applica-tion, Serial No. Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional View of the lower 303,270, led August 31, 1928 for Electric vaend of the applicator and medicament holder, 10 porzers, Vshowing the method of connecting the ejector lo The invention embodies primarily a small consleeve to the applicator` body; and tainer or holder of suitable material, which will Fig. 7 is a sectional view'of a slightly modified withstand the application of a sufficient degree form of medicament holder. of heat to vaporize the charge of medicament Like characters refer to like parts in the sevcontained in the same, this unit with its charge eral figures of the drawing. 1
constituting an article of manufacture designed Referring first to the medicament holder or to be packaged and dispensed as a vapor treatunit Which forms the primary feature of my ment unit for use in vconjunction with afllictions invention, l is a shallow receptacle preferably of of the head, nose, throat and lungs. metal, such as aluminum, the walls of which are In carrying out the invention, I have also desufficiently thick to take up and retain heat im- 20 vised a special construction of applicato-r which parted to it for a certain length of time necessary functions to hold the medicament unit during to vaporize the medicament substance, a p-redethe process of heating and to convey the vapor termined quantity of which is introduced into fumes to the part affected when the applicator the container- This holder or container is prois inserted in the nasal openings or the mouth vided With a anged cover 2 which is tightly 25 and the fumes inhaled. My invention, therefore, pressed into the holder so as to prevent displaceresides both in the medicament unit itself and ment for refilling purposes, it being a feature of its combination with the applicator, and has for my invention that when the holder has served its object to provide a simple treatment compact its purpose for an individual treatment it shall be of a form to be readily carried about the person discarded. The cover 2 is formed with a central 30 and requiring only the simplest type of heating aperture 3 of the proper diameter to receive the means for the production of the medicinal vapors. base of the stem of the applicator to be later de- Itis further an object to provide ejecting means scribed. About this central opening is a series which enables the displacement of the medicaof smaller openings or air inlets 4 through which ment unit from the applicator at will, eliminating the air is adapted to be drawn into the holder to 35 the necessity of touching the medicament holder mix with the heated vapors from the medicinal while in its heated condition. I am aware that preparation therein when suction is applied to it has been heretofore proposed to provide vaporthe app1icat0rizing devices for treatment purposes, but aside Instead of the press-nt @over shown in Fig. 5,
from the pI'OpOSal-S 0f my (20-pending epplation the two parts may be assembled as shown in Fig. 40 above referred to, and that of my :io-peildlng 6, wherein the top of the side Walls of the holder case, Serial No. 194,407, filed May 26, e927 1t has is flanged over the down turned flange of the nowhele been popesd so far as I am-ab1-e-m cover, as indicated at 5, or the cover may be determine, to employ 1n any of these an mdlvid- Crim ped on, as shown at 6 1n Fig. 7. This proual umt ready for use and Wlth Just a certa'm vides what I term for the purposes of this deamo-unt and kind of volatile substance for treat scrption a Sealed capsule having therein the ment purposes. For this reason I wish my inproper medlcinal preparatlon 1n the proper quanvention herein disclosed construed in` the broad light referred ta tity for specified treatments. It 1s contemplated 5o other and further objects and advantages of that these Capsules will be packaged in Certain 5o the invention will be hereinafter set forth and quantities and sold in this form, each unit being 1 the novel features thereof dened by the apthrown away when the Contents have been Vaporpended claims. ized, as before described.
In the drawing: For the purpose of vaporizing, any method or Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional View through my means of heating the unit may be employed, such 55 as a match flame, a small gas or alcohol burner, or an ordinary kerosene lamp.
As a means for supporting this capsule during the heating operation, I employ an applicator 1, an elongated tubular body of glass, hard rubber or any other suitable material. At the top the body is formed with a nasal button 8, while the stem or lower part is reduced in diameter to receive an ejector sleeve 9 of metal or other material. Fig. 1, the ejector 9 has a snug t so as to remain in place normally, but being free for displacement from the stem for cleaning purposes, when such is necessary. At the top the ejector abuts the stop shoulder I0 and it terminates at the lower end at a second shoulder II which marks the second reduction of the diameter of the stem. This latter reduced portion is short and has a diameter corresponding to the diameter of theY central opening 3 of the medicament unit. With a snug t between these two parts, the medicament holder will easily remain in place on the end of the applicator while the heat is applied thereto by means of a match ame, as shown in Fig. 1, or otherwise. Quickly vapors are formed from the preparation in the holder, whereupon the ame is removed and the nasal button placed in a nasalY opening. By inhaling, the air will be drawn into the openings 4 and will lift the vapors through the central passage of the applicator, as clearly indicated in Fig. 1. Thereafter the sleeve may be moved downwardly, thereby forcing the medicament holder from the end of the applicator.
It will be observed from the foregoing that the cover 2 of the holder constitutes the support for the medicament unit, leaving one hand free to hold the match for heating purposes, and it will be noticed also that the holder is of a sumciently larger diameter than the stem of the applicator to prevent the flame from touching the stem or the sleeve surrounding the same. In this way smudging or heating of the applicator is avoided.
In that form of the device disclosed in Fig. 3, the applicator embodies three separate parts, namely, the head portion 1a, the stem portion 'Ib and the ejector sleeve 9a, these parts being assembledV as the applicator unit. The head portion 'Ia is provided for this purpose with a reduced extremity on which the sleeve 1b, preferably of metal, is press-fitted. The sleeve 9a snugly ts over the stem 'Ib in this form similarly to the arrangement shown in Fig. l. The purpose of this construction is to prevent transmission of the heat from the medicament holder to the -stem in the event the latter is of material which would easily be affected by the heat applied to the holder.
In ;Fig.,2 the applicator takes stilla slightly different form. Over the reduced lower end of thestem the ejector sleeve Sb is mounted, said sleeve having pressed into the same a ring I2 which coacts with the shoulder IUq.. Upon the lower end of the stem is pressed a second ring I3,
' and between these rings is mounted a spring I4.
'Ihisspring is designed under the conditions to actuate the lejector sleeve to return it to its normal position, Vas shown in Fig. 2, after the ejection of the medicament unit has taken place.
In Fig. 6 is shown a desired method of connecting the ejector sleeve to the body of the applicator where a permanent connection for these parts is desired. The stemv of the applicator body is formed with a groove I 5 extendingvlongitudinally thereof into which an inner protuber- In that form of this device shown in` ance I B formed on the sleeve 9c is provided. This interlocking connection permits free movement of the sleeve relative to the stem but prevents the displacement of the sleeve from the stem in an obvious manner.
Where it is desired, the applicator may be provided with a handle, as best shown in Fig. 4. In this case the upper portion of the applicator is provided with a lateral projection I1 on which a handle member I8 having an end recess is fitted detachably. This enables the applicator to be more conveniently held to the nasal passages, and also to be more conveniently held over some forms of heating means, as for instance, a kerosene.l lamp. In other respects the applicator and medicament unit shown in Fig. 4 are the same as with reference to the construction disclosed in Fig. 1.
It is to be. understood that in the construction of the Vn ledicament holder, or capsule, the cover member needY not be permanently secured in position, as hereinbefore mentioned.V In other words, it may be desired to permit refilling ofv the capsule and in such event the cover `member will necessarily have a snug t so Vthat it can be displaced when desired for refilling purposes. It is furthermore obvious that the ejector sleeve 9A might be dispensed with; in which event the cap-l sule may be flipped` from the stem 'I by the thumb or otherwise.
Other changes may'readily be made inthe details of construction of the device without departing from the spirit of the inventionA and within" the scope of the claims appended hereto.
Having thus described myinvention, what I" claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat,-
1. A pocket vaporizer unit comprising in combination a discardalole` medicament-unit including a shallow receptacle adapted to contain a medicament substance therein vaporizable by application of heat to said receptacle, a flat cover secured to said receptacle, said cover having a central aperture therein and a plurality of air inlets arranged about said central aperture, and an applicator for conveying the vapors to the parts to be treated, said applicator comprising a tubular body having a nozzle at one end, the opposite end of said tubular body being adapted to. frictionally engage the central aperture in said cover vto discardably support the medicament unit.
2. In combination a medicament holder having therein a supply of vaporizable substance, an applicator having a stem to detachably support the holder, and ejector means separate fromthe holder and slidably carried by said stem to throw the holder from the applicator.'-
3 In combinatioma medicament-holder. having therein a supply of vaporizable substance, an applicator adapted to receive and convey the vapors from the holder to the parts to be treated, and an ejector sleeve mounted on said applicator and shiftable longitudinally of the same to displace the holder therefrom.
4. In combination, an applicator having a stem, a medicament hol'der adapted to be frictionally held by the end of the stem and to which heat may be applied for generating vapors, and an ejector member slidably mounted on the stem and arranged to displace the holder, said holder having air inlets through which the air may be drawn to lift the vapors from the holder and through the applicator.
5. In combination, an applicator having a stem,
a medicament holder adapted to be frictionally held by the end of the stem and to Which heat may be applied for generating vapors, an ejector member slidably mounted on the stem and arranged to displace the holder, said holder having air inlets through which the air may be drawn to lift the vapors from the holder and through the applicator, and means to hold the sleeve on the stem.
6. An applicator for vaporizing devices comprising a tubular body adapted to be associated with a container, and an ejector slidably mounted upon said body and adapted to eject the container from the body.
7. An applicator for vaporizing devices comprising a tubular body having a head at one end and a stem at the other end adapted to engage a medicament container, and an ejector sleeve `ably mounted upon the last mentioned end for displacing the container from said stem, and means for actuating said sleeve.
9. An applicator for vaporizing devices comprising a tubular body having a head at one end j and a stem at the other end adapted to receive a medicament container, an ejector sleeve slidably mounted upon the last mentioned end for displacing the container from the stem, and means for connecting the sleeve to the stem.