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Publication numberUS2031870 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1936
Filing dateApr 19, 1934
Priority dateApr 19, 1934
Publication numberUS 2031870 A, US 2031870A, US-A-2031870, US2031870 A, US2031870A
InventorsAbbott Vertuno Louis
Original AssigneeAbbott Vertuno Louis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic appliance
US 2031870 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 25, 1936. L. A: VERTUNO PNEUMATIC APPLIANCE Filed April 19, 1934 I/ M M W M M w Patented Feb. 25, 1936 UNHTED STATES PATENT OFFICE 5 Claims.

My invention relates generally topneumatic appliances adapted for use with blood pressure apparatus and also for use as a tourniquet. More particularly, the invention contemplates the provision of improved pneumatic means or sleeves adapted for convenient application to a patients limb.

Conventional types of blood pressure apparatus, commonly referred to as sphygmomanometers, are usually equipped with a pneumatic device consisting of a rubber bladder enclosed within a fabric bag. One end of the bag is formed with a bandage section which is designed to be wrapped around the patients limb, such as the arm, and the free end of the bandage is tucked under the wrappings to secure the bladder in proper position. The bladder is then inflated to cause an expansion thereof toward the arm. Experience has shown that not infrequentlythe wrapping and securing operation presents a decide-d inconvenience to the physician inasmuch as it requires considerable time and effort, and, if the bladder is not applied in exactly the proper position on the patients arm, the reading will not correctly indicate the patients blood pressure. In other Words, these conventional appliances have inherent disadvantages, and it is one of the important objects of the present invention to provide a pneumatic appliance which will overcome the above mentioned and numerous other disadvantages and inconveniences heretofore experienced.

The invention is not only adapted for use with blood pressure apparatus, but is also adapted to be used as a tourniquet which has many advantages over conventional appliances with which I am familiar.

I propose to provide a tourniquet of a pneumatic type which is particularly adaptable for use in making intravenous injections, and to this end-I provide a unitary expansible device composed preferably of rubber and suitable nonelastic material.

More specifically, it is an object of my present invention to provide a pneumatic appliance, as

set forth above, which may be conveniently slipped over the patients limb without wrapping, tying, or buckling, and to this end I propose to provide an annular or sleevelike structure composed of a yieldable or rubber section adapted to directly engage the patients limb and an annular nonelastic or fabric section formed as a unit therewith, the combined elements being adapted for quickand convenient application with a minimum amount ofefiort and skill.

It is a further object to provide a device, as above described, which is so constructed as to positively insure against slipping or shifting along the limb after it has been inflated.

The invention also contemplates a pneumatic 5 appliance in which the non-elastic or fabric section is combined with the resilient or rubber section in such a manner as to preclude the formation of surface irregularities, such as bulging or ballooning, and in a manner to insure the uniform application of pressure by the resilient section over the entire circumferential extent of the patients limb.

Another object of the invention is to provide a pneumatic appliance of the type referred to above whereby the device may be applied by the physisian with one hand and the inflation or deflation controlled with the other.

, Still more specifically, my invention contemplates a pneumatic appliance wherein combined annular sections of rubber and non-elastic material, such as fabric, are so disposed that the width of the rubber section adapted to circumferentially impinge the patients limb is less than the width of the non-elastic section, to thereby insure the positive location of the appliance and the even distribution of the effective pressure.

The invention also contemplates a tourniquet having the structural features, as mentioned above, with the exception that the combined rubber and non-elastic sections, before application, are adapted to present a straight tubular, structure.

The foregoing and numerous other objects and advantages will be more apparent from the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a pneumatic appliance which is representative of one embodiment of my invention, said appliance being shown in operative association with the limb or arm of a patient;

Figure 2 is an enlarged transverse sectional view of the device taken substantially along the line 22 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is an enlarged transverse sectional View of a pneumatic appliance of the type shown in Figures 1 and 2, opposite margins of the device being provided with flanges to counteract tendency for the appliance to shift or roll when inflated;

Figure 4 discloses a modified construction which is particularly adaptable for use as a tourniquet, said device being shown in perspective with the clamp in gripping position; and

Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken longitudinally of the clamp to more clearly illustrate the structural characteristics thereof.

Referring now to the drawing more in detail wherein like numerals have been employed to designate similar parts throughout the various figures, it will be seen that one embodiment of my invention includes a device or appliance designated generally by the numeral ID in Figures 1 and 2. This device comprises a flexible tubular structure which includes an inner expansible wall section I2 formed preferably of rubber and an-v other outer wall section I4. The wall section I4 includes a section I6 of non-elastic material or fabric which serves to render the entire wall.

section I4 non-elastic. In the disclosed embodi ment the non-elastic section I6 is covered on both sides by a suitable rubber coating I8.

The'continuous wall sections I2 and I lcooperate to: form a continuous expansion or inflation chamber 20. The chamber 20 communicates with anair conducting conduit 22, the extremity of which is coupled with a conventional pumping device or bulb 24. Such conventional bulbs are equipped with suitable valves 26 which serve to control the release of air from the chamber 20; A second. conduit or tube 28 communicates at oneend with the chamber 20 and is adapted at its opposite end for connection with a suitable blood pressure instrument (not shown).

In use, the tube structure is slipped over the patients arm 30 to the position shown in Figure 1. The chamber 20 is then inflated through the agency of the bulb 24. The air pressure within the chamber 20 causes the resilient or expansible wall section I2 to impinge the arm 30; over the entire circumferential extent thereof. Under. such conditions the non-elastic strip or section I6 cooperates to prevent the outward enlargement or expansion of the tube structure, all of the expansion being experienced by the wall section I2. In this manner the non-elastic wall section I6 cooperates to insure the uniform impingement of the wall section I2 against the arm 30. v 7

Attention is directed to the fact that opposite margins 16a of the fabric section I6 extend toward each other a sufficient distance to prevent the tube structure from bulging or ballooning when it is inflated. That is to say, by having,

the strip- I6 wider than the wall section I2, the marginal portions Ilia of the section I6 will extend along the arm SE] a distance which is sufficient to set up counter-action to any tendency for the section I2 to bulge outwardly.

In Figure 3 I have disclosed an enlarged crosssectional view of a tube structure indicated generally by the numeral Illa. This structure is similar in every respect to the device II), with the exception that marginal flanges 32 are provided. These flanges 32 function to counteract any'tendency for the tube structure when inflated'upon the arm 30 to shift or roll. Any tendency for the tube to roll wouldcause said tube to shift axially on the arm, a condition which would present a decided inconvenience to the physician.

Thus far I have described the practical application of my invention for use with blood pressure apparatus. It should be understood that the above describedstructureis adapted also for use as a tourniquet. This can be accomplished by simply removing or plugging the conduit 28.

In Figures 4 and 5 I have shown a further modification of my invention. The device or appliance designated generally by the numeral Illb in Figures 4 and 5 includes a tubular structure which is not of the endless or continuous type shown in Figures 1 to 3, inclusive. A crosssectional view of the tube structure IIIb taken along the line AA of Figure 4 would correspond with the structure shown in Figure 2. The tube structure IOb, however, is provided with free extremities 34 which are adapted to be clamped together by. means of a clamping device 36.

This clamping device includes a resilient member. orleaf spring 38 adapted to be clamped together at its opposite free ends by means of a clamping screw 40; One arm of the leaf spring 38 isformed with a recess or aperture 42 to receive one of the tube extremities 34. In this manner the clamping device 36-is always secured in position to one of the tube extremities and it is only necessary to clamp the-otherextremity within the area designatedby thenumeral 44 in.

Figure 5.

The appliance Illb is. shown as a tourniquetand hence is coupled with a single tube orair conduit 22. To render the device useful for blood pressure apparatus, it isonly necessaryto add walls thereof to impinge the external surface otthe flexible tube structure IIlb (as shown=in Figure 4), and thus secure the tube structure and clamping device against relative movement.

The deviceshown in Figure 4 has the advan'-- tage of being adjustable to accommodate -vari-:

ous sizes of limbs. Also, said device may be'applied in instances-whereit is not convenient or advisable to slip the tubular structure over'the end of the limb. I also prefer to seal the free extremities 34 of'the tube structure. When-theappliance is used as a tourniquet, it may beadvisable in some instances to reduce -theaxi al width as compared with the width when usedforz determining bloodpressures.

From the foregoing it will be apparent-that my invention contemplates an-improved blood used to control the flow of blood in surgicalopera-i tions on the limbs and for the control of the flow of blood in intravenous medication. When-the cuff or sleeve is in position for use as a tour-ni quet, it may be easily manipulated with one hand;- that is, inflated, deflated, or desired 7 pressure maintained, especially while giving intravenous medication. Once the sleeve or cuff has-been located upon the limb, it will not slip 01 51111 111 The combined rubber and non-elastic or fabric structure cooperates in an effective manner to' cause a uniform impingement over-the entire circumferential extentof .the patients limb,- all; of the expansion or wall movement resulting front:

the inflation of the sleeve being in a direction toward the limb, the fabric or non-elastic wall structure serving to prevent outward movement or expansion. In surgical operations on limbs where considerable loss of blood is anticipated, the tourniquet may be conveniently and quickly applied and manipulated, and the pressure increased or decreased remotely from the field of operation, without having to disturb the limb or any of its sterile coverings.

While I have disclosed certain practical embodiments of my invention in the present application, it will be apparent that the invention is not limited to these embodiments, but is capable of other modifications and changes without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a pneumatic appliance of the class described, combined wall sections including an expansible wall section adapted to encircle and circumferentially impinge a users limb, a nonelastic wall section circumferentially cooperating with said expansible section to form an inflation chamber, said non-elastic wall section positioned externally of said expansible section to insure the uniform impingement of the expansible wall section over substantially the entire circumferential extent of a users limb, a flange provided along at least one margin to facilitate proper positioning upon a users limb, and air conducting means communicating with said inflation chamber.

2. In a pneumatic appliance of the class described, combined wall sections providing an inflation chamber, one of said wall sections being expansible and adapted to encircle and circumferentially impinge a users limb, the other of said wall sections being substantially non-extensible and circumferentially cooperating with said expansible section to form said inflation chamber, said non-extensible wall section extending from the marginal portion of the expansible wall section at the point where said marginal portion is adapted to engage the users limb to the corresponding opposite marginal portion of said expansible wall section, said non-extensible wall section at said marginal portions being adapted when said chamber is inflated to be pressed against the users limb whereby to counteract tendency for the appliance to experience axial shifting when inflated and to counteract axial bulging, and air conducting means communicating with said inflation chamber.

3. In a pneumatic appliance of the class described, combined circumferentially continuous wall sections providing an inflation chamber, one of said wall sections being expansible and adapted to encircle and circumferentially impinge a users limb, the other of said wall sections being substantially non-extensible and circumferentially cooperating with said expansible section to form said inflation chamber, said non-extensible wall section extending from the marginal portion of the expansible wall section at the point where said marginal portion is adapted to engage the users limb to the corresponding opposite marginal portion of said expansible wall section, said nonextensible wall section at said marginal portions being adapted when said chamber is inflated to be pressed against the users limb whereby to counteract tendency for the appliance to experience axial shifting when inflated and to counteract axial bulging, and air conducting means communicating with said inflation chamber.

4. In a pneumatic appliance of the class described, combined wall sections providing an inflation chamber, one of said wall sections being expansible and adapted to encircle and circumferentially impinge a users limb, the other of said wall sections including flexible relatively nonexpansible material and circumferentially cooperating with said expansible section to form said inflation chamber, said non-extensible wall section extending from the marginal portion of the expansible wall section at the point where said marginal portion is adapted to engage the users limb to the corresponding opposite marginal portion of said expansible wall section, said nonextensible wall section at said marginal portions being adapted when said chamber is inflated to be pressed against the users limb whereby to counteract tendency for the appliance to experience axial shifting when inflated and to counteract axial bulging, and air conducting means communicating with said inflation chamber.

5. In a pneumatic appliance of the class described, combined wall sections providing an inflation chamber, one of said wall sections being exansible and adapted to encircle and circumferentially impinge a users limb, the other of said wall sections being substantially non-extensivle and circumferentially cooperating with said expansible section to form said inflation chamber, said non-extensible wall section extending from the marginal portion of the expansible wall section at the point where said marginal portion is adapted to engage the users limb to the corresponding opposite marginal portion of said expansible wall section, said non-extensible wall section at said marginal portions being adapted when said chamber is inflated to be pressed against the users limb whereby to counteract tendency for the appliance to experience axial shifting when inflated and to counteract axial bulging, the opposite margins of said non-extensible section when inflated being substantially U- shaped in axial cross section, and air conducting means communicating with said inflation chamber.

L. ABBOTT VERTUNO.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2452799 *Apr 3, 1947Nov 2, 1948Joseph B HershApparatus for and method of measuring or indicating limb or digital volume changes resulting from arterial pulsations
US2841149 *Jun 17, 1957Jul 1, 1958Marsden George WTourniquet
US3314719 *Aug 2, 1965Apr 18, 1967Johnson Edsel WErecting seat belt
US3504675 *Dec 10, 1965Apr 7, 1970William A Bishop JrDisposable surgical tourniquet
US3828116 *Sep 28, 1973Aug 6, 1974Anaconda CoInflatable corona ring and cable termination method employing same
US4637394 *Jun 11, 1985Jan 20, 1987Racz Gabor BConstant pressure tourniquet
US4770175 *Oct 22, 1986Sep 13, 1988Western Clinical Engineering Ltd.For occluding blood flow to facilitate surgery on a limb
US5312431 *Sep 30, 1991May 17, 1994Abatis Medical Technologies LimitedOcclusive cuff
US5454831 *Feb 9, 1994Oct 3, 1995Abatis Medical Technologies Ltd.Occlusive cuff system
US5578055 *Aug 25, 1992Nov 26, 1996Mcewen; James A.Occlusive cuff
US5649954 *Oct 2, 1995Jul 22, 1997Mcewen; James A.For facilitating surgery by occluding flow in blood vessels
US5741295 *Jul 10, 1996Apr 21, 1998James A. McEwenOverlapping tourniquet cuff system
US6659938 *Aug 26, 2002Dec 9, 2003Gerald J. OrlowskiAssembly and method for facilitating penile erection in the human male
US6926570 *Oct 15, 2002Aug 9, 2005Rose Mary CortezRescue apparatus
US7780698 *Jun 14, 2007Aug 24, 2010Western Clinical Engineering, Ltd.Low-cost disposable tourniquet cuff having improved safety
EP0001357A1 *Sep 21, 1978Apr 4, 1979Noel Ceredig Rhys-DaviesExsanguinating device
EP0264848A2 *Oct 16, 1987Apr 27, 1988Western Clinical Engineering Ltd.Occlusive cuff
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/202
International ClassificationA61B17/12, A61B17/135
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/135
European ClassificationA61B17/135