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Publication numberUS2032121 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1936
Filing dateMay 6, 1933
Priority dateMay 6, 1933
Publication numberUS 2032121 A, US 2032121A, US-A-2032121, US2032121 A, US2032121A
InventorsFarmer Clyde C
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Air Brake Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve testing device
US 2032121 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patentecl Feb. 25, IS

UNTE STTES PTENT OFFICE VALVE TESTING DEVICE Application May G, 1933, Serial No. 669,755

11 Claims.

This invention relates to a testing device and has for its principal object to provide a device 'for determining whether the feed groove in the main piston bushing in the usual triple valve device and the connection from the brake cylinder passage to the atmospheric exhaust passage are opened in the proper sequence.

In the triple valve device in common use, the feed groove and the brake cylinder port in the slide Valve bushing, which connects with the brake cylinder passage in the triple valve casing, are so positioned relative toeach other that When effecting a release of the brakes,` the brake cylinder port is opened to the atmospheric exhaust 13 passage through a cavity in the slide valve in advance of the opening of the feed groove around the main piston ring, and it is highly important that this sequence of opening exist. When the triple valve piston is moved toward release posi- .gg tion sufiiciently to effect the opening of the feed groove and the pressure of the brake pipe fluid in the piston chamber is increased slowly, as in the rear portion of a long train, there may not be sufficient differential created on the piston to -3'5 move it and the associated slide valve beyond the feed groove opening position. Now, if the brake cyinder port were still closed, the brakes on the 'car equipped with this particular triple valve device Would remain applied, thereby causing delay, annoyance and probably damaged Wheels.

It will thus be seen that a vital relationship exists between the relative time of opening of the feed groove and the brake cylinder port, and it is important that this relationship be maintained when the triple valve is reconditioned by renewing the piston bushing, the slide valve bushing, the slide valve, 01' the piston, or by regrooving the piston. A piston bushing and a slide valve bushing which have the feed groove and the brake cylinder port, respectively, improperly positioned with respect to each other, a slide valve in which the brake cylinder exhaust cavity is not properly positioned, or a new or regrooved piston in which the piston ring is improperly positioned, may result in the feed groove being opened in advance of the opening of the brake cylinder port. It can readily and accurately be determined, by means of the device disclosed herein, in conjunction With certain additional commonly used test apparatus, whether the correct sequence exists in the opening of the feed groove and the brake cylinder port.

In the accompanying drawing; Fig. 1 is an isometric view of a testing device constructed in acc'ordance with my inventionyFig. 2 is an isometric view of a triple valve device, of the well known K type, with the piston chamber cap removed, to permit application of my test device; Fig. 3 is a side elevational view of the triple valve device shown in Fig. 2, with my test device applied thereto in place of the piston chamber cap; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary enlarged sectional View of the screw-threaded stem included in the testing device; Fig. 5 is a diagrammatic view, partly in section, of a triple valve device having my test device thereto and of the additional apparatus employed in conjunction therevvith, with said test device adjusted so as to maintain the triple valve piston and associated slide valve in service position against the pressure of the fluid in the slide valve chamber; Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic view similar to Fig. 5, except that the testing device has been operated so as to move the piston and slide valve from service position toward release position for the purpose of determining the sequence of opening of the brake cylinder port and the feed groove; and Fig. 7 is a view of the testing device taken on the line l-l of Fig. 5.

Although the testing device is shown in the drawing as applied to a triple valve device of the K type, it should be understood that said device may also be used in com'unction with any type of triple valve device in which the means for releasing fluid under pressure from the brake cylinder consists of a cavity in the slide valve u against which the gasket face 3 of the triple valve i,

device 4 to be connected is clamped, there being a gasket 5 interposed between said faces. A testing device 6, constructed in accordance with my invention, is applied to the face 2| of the triple valve device from which the piston chamber cover has been removed.

The retarded release device 'l of the triple valve device 4 extends into a chamber 8 formed in the bracket l, said chamber being therefore in communication with the slide valve chamber 46 through said retarded release device. The chamber 8 is connected by a passage and pipe 9 with a source of fluid pressure supply (not shown),

said pipe being provided with a cut-out cock Ill.

The chamber 8 is also connected by a passage V to the face '2 and pipe with a reservoir 12, a pressure gage |3 being connected to said pipe.

The testing apparatus may also comprise a brake cylinder E4, which is connected by a pipe |5 with a passage IS in the bracket which leads of said bracket, where it registers with the brake cylinder passage in the triple valve device 4 which leads to the brake cylinder port 32 in the slide valve seat in the slide valve bushing 33. A pressure gage IB is connected to the pipe 15.

The testing device may comprise an ann'ilar fiange portion l having a face 29 adapted to engage the face 2| of the triple valve device- 4. Extending inwardlyrfrom the flange portion and preferably integral therewith are spaced webs 23, 24 and 25, which support a boss 25 disposed concentrically with the inner edge'of the flange 20. In the present instance, there are three of these webs, two of which, 23 and 2'3, are disposed diametrically opp-osite to each other in a horizontal direction, and the other of which, 25, extends downv'vardly,V midway between said other two webs. Since there is no upWar-dly extending web, the space V22 above the webs 23 and 24 and above the boss 23 is relatively large and isrf'ree from obstruction, for a purpose which will appear in the description hereinafter. It will be under- Stood that instead of arranging the webs as just described, they may be arranged in any other desired manner, keeping in mind that it is desirable to provide a relatively large unobstruc-ted opening above the webs and the boss.

In screw-threaded engagement with said boss is a stem 2? having at one end a handle 28 for turning saidV stem and at the other end an axialV bore 29 for the reception of the stem 3B of a rotatable member 3| having a head 32 which is adapted to engage the piston 42 of the triple valve device in the present instance the engagement being with the boss 34 on said piston.

Contained in the bore 29 of the stem 21 and interposed between the inner end of the stem 33 of the member 3| and the inner end wall of saidbore are balls 35 which constitute a thrust bearing for the member 35, for preventing rotation of said member when the head 32 engages the boss 34, the inner end of said member being shaped to' maintain the balls in their circular arrangement.

VFor maintaining the member Within the bore 29, a pin 35 carried by the stem 21 loosely engages said member within a peripheral groove 44 provided on the stem portion 33 of said member.

For securing the testing device 5 to the face 2| of the triple valve device 4, spaced pins 31 are provided which may be carried by the fiange |9 of said device and which extend therefrom in a direction toward therig'ht hand, as viewed in Fig. 1, said pins being adapted to be received, in the present instance, within theropeninrgs `38 'regularly provided for the bolts for securing the Vpiston, Chamber cap torthe triple valve device. i

test ,device will provide easy access the feed groove. -In the present embodiment, Vthe ,v' feed groove 43 is shown at the top of the piston bushing 45 andthe pins 31 andthe openings 38 are so located that the opening 22 is'uppermost. At the-outer end of each pin is a longitudinally slotted opening adapted to receive a tapered key 39, which is adapted to engage a shoulder 40 on the triple valve device for clamping the testing device to said triple valve device When the tapered key is forced down into said slot. To prevent loss of the keys, chains 4| are provided which are attached at one end to the respective keys and which are attached at the other end to a fixed portion of the test device.

In operation, the triple valve device 4 to be` V'tested having been mounted on the bracket I,

with the piston chamber cap removed from the face 2| of the triple valve device, and the cutout cock IO closed, the test device E, with the keys 33 removed from the slotted openings in the pins from thence through the passage and pipe I into the reservoir 12. From chamber 8, fiuid under pressure also fiows through the retarded release device 'l into the slide Vvalve Chamber 4:8 of the triple valveV device 4, where it acts upon the piston 42 to move said piston and the slide a valve 41 outwardly, against the pressure of the atmosphere acting on the outer face of said piston, until the boss 34 on the piston engages thel head 32 ofthe member 3| of the test device.

The stem 21 is then turned, by means of ,the

handle 28, in a counter-clockwise direction, caus-` ing the member 3| to move outwardly, which. will permit fiuid under pressure in the slide valve chamber 46 to move the piston 42 outwardly, with the boss 34V maintained in engagement with the member 3|. As the movement of the piston 42 continues, due to the continued turning of the member 21, the graduating valve e19 will be shiftedby said piston relative to the slide valve V4`| so as to uncover the service port 58 in said slide valve and then the slide valve will beshifted to service position, in which said service sport: registers with the brake cylinder port 32 in the slide valve bushing 33.

The registration of the ports 48 and 3'2 permits fiuid under pressure to fiow from theslide valve chamber 46 to the brake cylinder |4 through said ports and the passages and |6 and the Vpipe |5, the pressure gage |8 indicating when said port registration is efiected. i At this point, further turning of the stem 2`|l is discontinued.

When the pressure of the fiuidin the reservoir |2 and in the'brake cylinder l4 hasv been, built up to, say, 10 pounds, as indicated by:the gages |3 and E3, the cock* |0 is closed. Thegagesl are then observed and assuming., forrthe present, that there is no leakage of fiuid under pressure 'from the slide valve chamber 46 past the piston ring 5|]V to the Chamber 5| at the'outerfiside of the piston, said gages will show a subtantially constant pressure, in which; event the procedure is as follows:V z J i The-stem 21 is turned fclockwise, b means-of thefhandle 28, causing the piston4'2,fand thereby the graduating, valve'49 and the slide valvefl,

chamber 46.

the Vgraduatinsr` valve 49 to be slifted relative'to 701 to be moved inwardly Vtoward release position;v7 against the pressure of thefiuid the slide valve the slide valve 41 to lap position, Cutting off the service port 48 from the chamber 46. As the movement of the piston 42 is continued, said slide Valve is engaged by said piston and moved toward release position. Meanwhile both pressure gages |3 and I8 are observed to determine which ,gage is the first to show a reduction in pressure.

If the pressure gage |8 is the first to show a reduction in pressure, it indicates that the slide valve 41 has been moved to release position, in which the exhaust cavity 52 in said slide valve connects the brake cylinder port 32 with the atmospheric passage 53, as shown in Fig. 6, thereby permitting fluid under pressure to be vented from the brake cylinder |4 through the pipe l5, the passages IS and ll, the port 32, the cavity .52, and the atmospheric passage 53. Inasmuch as the pressure gage 53 meanwhile shows a sub- 'stantially constant pressure, it indicates that the venting of fluid under pressure from the brake cylinder occurs in advance of the opening of the feed groove 43 by the piston ring 50, which is the correct sequence.

If, however, during the above mentioned movement of the triple valve parts toward release position, the pressure gage 53 is the first to show a reduction in pressure, it indicates that the feed groove 43 is open around the piston ring 50, permitting a flow of fiuid under pressure from the slide valve chamber 46 through said feed groove to the chamber 5|, in advance of the opening of the brake cylinder port 32 to the atmospheric passage 53 through the exhaust cavity 52. This sequence of opening is incorrect and may be caused by a feed groove which is too long, an exhaust cavity 52 or a brake cylinder port 32 which is incorrectly located, or a piston which does not have the ring properly located.

If, after the cock I!! is closed, both pressure gages l3 and 18 show a slow reduction in pressure and then, during the initial movement of the piston 42 toward release position, the pressure gage 18 shows a substantially constant pressure while the gage I 3 shows a .reduction in pressure, it indicates leakage from the slide Valve Chamber 46 to the Chamber 5| past the piston ring 53, and the gage .'13 cannot, therefore, be relied on to indicate when the feed groove 43 is open. In this event, as the pisto-n is moved inwardly toward release position, the operator, by inserting one of his fingers through the opening 22 in the test device 6 into the piston chamber 5| and causing said finger to closely follow the piston, in the present instance in a path along the top of the piston chamber where the feed groove is located, he can ascertain when the feed groove 43 is opened, which will be indicated by the "feel of the fluid under pressure being vented through said groove against his finger. By proceeding in this manner and observing the gage |8, the operator can determine whether the brake cylinder port 32 or the feed groove 43 opens first.

It will thus be seen that I have provided a test device by means of which the relationship between the opening of the brake cylinder port to the atmospheric exhaust passage and the opening of the feed groove around the triple valve piston may readily be determined.

While one illustrative embodiment of the invention has been described in detail, it is not my' intention to limit its scope to that embodiment or otherwise than by the terms of the appended claims.

Having now described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. A testing device for testing a valve device having valve means and a piston responsive to diiferences in the pressure of fluid on opposite sides thereof for actuating said valve means, the testing device comprising a base member adapted to be removably attached to said valve device, and an Operating stem having screw-threaded engagement with said base member and adapted to engage said piston, said stem being movable back and forth in the direction of its length to vary the position of said piston and valve means.

2. In a testing device for testing a valve device having valve means and a piston for actuating said valve means, a base member adapted to be removably attached to said valve device, an operating stem movably mounted in said base member and adapted to control the operation of said piston, a thrust member carried by said movably mounted member and adapted to engage said piston, and a roller bearing interposed between the thrust member and the movably mounted member.

3. Testing apparatus for testing a valve device having a casing, valve means and a piston for actuating said valve means to their several controlling positions, said apparatus comprising means for subjecting one side of said piston to fluid under pressure, a base member adapted to be secured to said casing, an Operating stem having screw-threaded engagement with said base member and adapted to engage said piston for controlling the movement of said piston and said valve means to their control positions, means for indicating when fiuid passes around said piston, and means for indicating when said piston and valve means reach certain control positions.

4. A testing device for testing valve devices comprising a casing having a chamber, a piston contained in said chamber, valve means actuated by said piston, and a cap adapted to be removably mounted on said casing for closing the open end of said chamber, said Chamber having a feed groove adapted to be Controlled by said piston, said testing device comprising a base member adapted to be removably secured to said casing in place of said cap and having formed therein an opening through which said feed groove is accessible from the exterior of the member when said member is secured to said casing, and an Operating stem carried by said base member and adapted to engage said piston, said stem being movable back and forth in the direction of its length to vary the position of said piston and valve means.

5. A testing device Afor testing valve devices comprising a casing having a chamber, a piston contained in said chamber, valve means actuated by said piston, and a cap adapted to be removably mounted on said casing for closing the open end of said chamber, said testing device comprising a base member adapted to be removably mounted on said casing in place of said cap, a pin carried by said base member and adapted to extend through an opening provided in said casing, and a key adapted to extend through an opening in said pin and to engage said pin within said opening and also to engage said casing for securing said test device to said casing.

6. A testing device for testing valve devices comprising a casing having a chamber, a piston contained in said chamber, valve means actuated by said piston, and a cap adapted to be removably 4 aosami VIQ mounted on said Casing for closing the open end of said Chamber, said testing device comprising a base member adapted to be removably mounted on said Casing in place of said Cap, a pin carried VbyV said base member and adapted to extend Vcontrolling positions, said Chamber having a passage adapted to be Controlled by said piston for controlling communication from one side of said piston to the other side of said piston, said apparatus Comprising means for subjecting one sideof said piston to fiuid under pressure, means adapted to be placed in fixed relation with said casing and operativerto engage and control the movement of said piston and thereby said valve means to their control positions, means for indi- Cating when fiuid under pressure flows through said passage from one side of said piston to the other side of the piston, and means for indicating when saidrvalve means reach certain control positions. i i

8. Testing apparatus for testing a-valve device comprising a casing having a Chamber, valve means, and a piston contained in said Chamber for actuating said valve means to their several controlling positions, said Chamber having a passage adapted to be Controlled by said piston for controlling Communication from one side of said piston to the other side of said piston, said ap'- paratus comprising means for subjecting one side of said piston to fluid under pressure, screw means adapted to be placed in fixed relation with said casing and operative to engage and control the movement of said piston and thereby said valve means to their control positions, and means for indicating the sequence in which said piston reaches a position permitting flow of fiuid under pressure through said passage from one side of said piston to the other side of the piston and in which said valve means reaChes certain Control positions,

9. Testing apparatus for testing a triple valve device to determine whether the triple valve slide valve establishes the exhaust communication from the brake cylinder to the atmosphere and the triple valve piston'opens thefeed grooveA in the proper sequence, said apparatus comprising a reservoir' analogous to an auxiliary reservoir for supplying fiuid under pressure to the triple valve slide valve Chamber, another reservoir analogous to a brake cylinder and connected to the brake cylinderv connection of the triple valve device, means adapted to be placed in fixed relation to the triple valve device and adapted to extend through the end of Vthe triple valve piston Chamber opened by the removal of the Chamber Cap a-nd to engage the triple valve piston for'positioning the piston and triple Valve slide valves in service position for permitt-ing fiow of fluid under pressure from the auxiliary reservoir to the brake cylinder, said means being also adapted to engage the triple valve piston for moving said piston and slide valves inwardly toward release position against the opposing pressure of the auxiliary reservoir, and means for indicating whether the brake cylinder pressure drops in advance of auxiliary reservoirpressure during such movement.

10. Testing apparatus for testing a valve device havingfvalve means and a piston for actuating said Valve means, said apparatus Comprising means for subjecting one side of saidlpiston to fluid under pressure, a base member adapted to be 'secured to Vsaid valve device, and an operating stem having screw-threaded engagement with said'base member and adapted to engage the opin one direction against said opposing fluidrunder pressure and for controlling the movement of posite side'of said piston for moving said piston i said piston in the opposite direction by saidV op- I posing fluid under pressure.

11. A testing device for testing valve devices Comprising a Casing having a Chamber, a piston contained in said Chamber, valve means actuated by said piston, and a Cap adapted to be removably mounted on said Casingfor closing the open end of said Chamber, said Chamber having a feed groove adapted'to be Controlled by said piston, said testing device Comprising a basev member adapted to be removably secured to saidvcasing in place of said Cap and having formed therein an opening through which an operator's fingermay be inserted to ascertain whether or not fluid under pressure is fiowing through saidV feed' groove,'and an Operating stem carried Vby said base member and adapted to engage said piston, said stem being movable back and forth in the direction of its length to vary the position of said piston and valve means;

CLYDE C. FARMER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3169391 *Dec 20, 1961Feb 16, 1965Westinghouse Air Brake CoPneumatic power actuated clamping apparatus
US3596500 *May 5, 1969Aug 3, 1971Rees J GApparatus for testing airbrake control valves
US5559281 *Apr 25, 1995Sep 24, 1996Westinghouse Air Brake CompanyTest connector for accessing compressed air at test ports of a railroad brake control valve
US6269682Jun 3, 1999Aug 7, 2001New York Air Brake CorporationPortable single car test device
US6327894Apr 10, 2001Dec 11, 2001New York Air Brake CorporationPortable single car test device
US6334354Apr 10, 2001Jan 1, 2002New York Air Brake CorporationPortable single car charging and test device
US6425282 *Apr 10, 2001Jul 30, 2002New York Air Brake CorporationPortable single car test device
Classifications
U.S. Classification73/39
International ClassificationB60T17/22, B60T17/18
Cooperative ClassificationB60T17/228
European ClassificationB60T17/22H