|Publication number||US2033691 A|
|Publication date||Mar 10, 1936|
|Filing date||Nov 13, 1934|
|Priority date||Nov 13, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2033691 A, US 2033691A, US-A-2033691, US2033691 A, US2033691A|
|Inventors||Belle Douglass Lora|
|Original Assignee||Belle Douglass Lora|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (26), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 10, 1936 L. B. DOUGLASS 2,033,691
FACIAL SHIELD Filed Nov. 13, 1934 ADHESI E LORA BELLE DOUGLASS INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY Patented Mai. 10, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Claims.
The present invention relates to an improved shield applicable to the brow of' the head for protecting the eyes and the face.
Primarily it is intended for use in beauty 5 and tonsorial parlors in performing especially the shampoo toilet, in order that water, soap, hair waving liquid or other toliet preparation may be prevented from flowing into the eyes and down on the face of the patrons being served.
The device may be also used to serve still further purposes as, for example, as a sun visor in the office, in the automobile or for aquatic protection.
It is one of the major objects of the invention to provide a standard guard or shield which may be flexed inan improved manner so as to adapt it to be fitted to all sizes and shapes of foreheads.
It is another object of the invention to provide a shield which may be temporarily and immoveably held in place, and which is nevertheless free from supporting bands or hooks which if present might interfere with or impede the progress of the operator who is performing the work.
It is still. another object to provide, in combination with a device of the above character, an adhesive substance whereby the shield may be 30 applied to flt any face and the line of contact between the shield and the forehead made absolutely watertight. y
it is yet another object of the invention to provide an improved attractive, hygienic, cellu- 85 lose or other transparent or translucent shield, on which suitable advertising may be placed and also be capable of being compactly assembled for shipping and dispensing purposes, wherein the adhesive substanceon one shield may be utilized to hold temporarily an adjacent shield in bond with another forming the pack and thereby efiectively maintain the assembled relation of the shields forming the pack until their seriatim withdrawal for use.
It is a still further object of the invention to provide an extremely light pliable transparent shield which is capable of angular adjustment with relation to the brow of the head, one which is free'from attaching straps, ear hooks and nose pieces and which is so comfortable that its presence can hardly be detected.
It is also an object to provide, as an article of manufacture, a facial shield which is simple 5 to construct and inexpensive to manufacture and tion and hence may be adapted for repeated use,
which may be discarded without compunction after once being used.
Still further objects, features and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear.
In the drawing forming a part of the imme- 5 diate application- Fig. 1 is a view of my improved device, showing it applied.
Fig. 2 is a planview of the shield showing the right hand end of the strip of protective 10 covering as viewed by the observer, detached from the adhesive substance on the right hand portion of the shield which it protects.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing the manner in which the ad- M hesive substance forms a water seal with the brow of the head.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view illustrating the method ofassembling the flat shields for shipment, thus producing a novel packet ready to be dispensed.
Fig. 5 is a plan view showing a modification of the device.
Fig. 5A is a fragmentary enlarged section taken on line EA5A of Fig. 5. 25
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the modification shown in Fig. 5, in applied position.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of another modification forming a third sample.
Referring in'detail to the drawing and particularly to Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the numeral l indicates the body portion of the shield, 2 the adhesive substance disposed along the attaching edge or marginal portion 3, whereby the shield is fastened to the brow of an individual D in a secure and watertight manner, and l is a protective covering for the adhesive coating prior to the time the article is used.
The shield is preferably constructed from a fiat sheet of cellulose or other transparent or translucent material. The top or attaching edge 3 is shown outwardly'curved, the better to adapt it to conform to the contour of different brows. The device is capable of undergoing sterilizaepidermis.
procurable in the open market as for example a tape known as "Dryback is such an adhesive coating. This adhesive may be procured in colors to enhance the attractiveness of the shield. The shape of the shield may be also slightly altered to make it more effective.
In Fig. 1 is shown two of the many positions in which the shield may be applied to the brow of an individual. Before use, the shield i of Fig. 1 is fiat as shown in Figs. 2 and 4.
In beauty shops the customary routine of a person having his or her hair shampooed and waved includes the following operations: First, the hair is washed and permitted to partially dry, after which a hair waving liquid is applied, and then the hair is waved.
The improved shield should be worn during all the operations of working, semi-drying and application of hair waving liquid, for it is not infrequent that the hair waving liquid as well as the shampoo soap and water get on the customers face.
In Fig. 3 is shown an enlarged sectional view of the shield applied to the forehead, this view clearly illustrating another function of the adhesive material 2, as follows: When the shield is applied to the forehead, the attaching edge 3 carrying the adhesive material is pressed to the After the pressing or applicational operation, the shield tends to assume its original shape as it springs outwardly. Hence the flesh contacted by the adhesive material during the pressing is pulled upwardly, as indicated by the numeral 5, where it stays to form a watertight union between the adhesive material and the fonehead. Therefore the adhesive coating 2 performs the twofold function of holding the shield in place and forming a watertight union between the shield and the forehead.
The dotted line position 1a in Fig. 1 shows that the shield may be worn in various positions by the same individual. As aforestated, one of the objects of the shield is to fit all normal sizes and shapes of faces. This object is attained through the flexibility of the shield and the use of the adhesive band or tape to hold it in place. Another advantage gained by the use of a flexible shield and band of adhesive material to hold it in place is that of giving the user a means of applying the shield at such an angle that all liquids which fall upon it during the time the wearers hair is being treated, will tend to be directed back to the forehead and from there into the drain pan 6.
The angle at which the shield is inclined to the forehead is determined by the amount of arch put into the shield by the person applying it.
By referring again to Fig. 3, it will be seen that the top of the shield presses in an edgewise manner against the epidermis and prevents water from getting to the adhesive material. Therefore water soluble adhesive material could be used. This is another advantage for the shield with the plain top as shown in Fig. 2. If any adhesive residue should be left upon the face after the shield is removed, this residue is more easily removed if it is soluble in water. The adhesive material on cellulose Scotch tape is soluble in water.
In Fig. 4 the shields are shown assembled in a convenient pack I either for shipping or dispensing. The novel method by which they may be packed is another advantage gained from the manufacture of this particular shield. Since the shields may be placed fiat they may be assembled in handy compact packages for distribution purposes. The adhesive coatings perform an additional function here, that of holding the package of shields together as a single unit and each shield forming a protective cover for the adhesive material on the adjacent shield thereabove. The adhesive material which is on the bottom shield may be protected by a strip of plain cellulose sheet material 4 similarly to that which is shown partly attached and partly detached from the adhesive coating 2 in the shield l in Fig. 2.
Referring now to the modified shield lb in Figs. 5 and 5A and its application to an individual B in Fig. 6, said shield is constructed as before of a flexible sheet with an adhesive coating 2b on .the top edge, but with the following difference: In Figs. 5 and 5A the top or application edge of the shield is serrated as at I.
An object attained by the serrated construction is that of permitting the adhesive coat 2b to form a more perfect marginal union with the wearers forehead. This feature is clearly shown in Fig. 6 wherein the body portion of the shield is somewhat elongated to cover the nose portion of the face. When the shield is applied to the forehead the serrations 8 open up and allow each small section 8 of the upper edge to lie flat against the forehead. Said sections may be rendered more applicable by tapering the sections 9 or thinning that portion of the attaching edge which lies in a flatwise relation with the skin as at H) in Fig. 5A. The adhesive coating 2b in the latter instance extends a short distance below the serrations so that a watertight union may be had between the shield and the forehead. Another object attained by the serrated construction is that of affording a means for making the shield attractive. For this purpose the shape of the serrations may be varied to create a pleasing design.
A third construction of a flexible cellulose sheet developed into a. shield is shown in the form Ic shown in Fig. 7. In the latter case the shield is constructed with an upturned portion i I so that it may be worn as an eye shade. Here it will be seen that the adhesive is not applied directly to the shield but rather an adhesive material is carried on a piece of tape I2 which is, in turn, applied to the shield. The adhesive material serves not only to hold the tape I2 to the shield, but also holds the shield in place on the forehead of the wearer at the same time creating a watertight joint between the shield and the wearers face. An object attained by the use of the tape i2 is that of making a shield which may be used repeatedly. The tape may be replaced as often, as is necessary. The tape and flanged shield shown in Fig. 7 do not necessarily go together. Tape could be used on the shield I shown in Fig. 2 just as well, and conversely, adhesive material could be applied directly to the shield I c as shown in Fig. 7,
1. A facial shield comprising a longitudinally extending strip of transparent cellulose material having a relatively narrow strip of adhesive disposed along a single side edge on one face only.
2. An article of manufacture consisting of a pack of facial shields each of which are furnished with an adhesive strip along a side edge on one face thereof, said shields being by said strips adhered together when placed one upon the other in pack formation, the adhesive strip on the final shield comprising the pack being I.
either lowermost or uppermost and exposed, said shields being readily manually detached for individual use with each shield protecting the adjacent adhesive strip. and a protective member covering for said exposed strip.
3. An article of manufacture consisting of a plurality of shields one of which is disposed above the other forming a pack, the respective shields forming the pack having relatively narrow strips of adhesive applied adjacent a side edge on one face thereof, said shields being packed in such a manner that the smooth face of one shield is adhered to the adhesive strip on an adjacent shield with each smooth face of one shield protecting in turn the adhesive stripon an adjacent shield until its seriatim withdrawal for use.
4. A facial shield comprising a longitudinally extending strip of relatively stiff transparent material of sufileient length to extend across the forehead of the wearer and of sufficient width after application to extend in an inclined manner with relation to the face beyond the eyes, one
of the side edges of said shield constituting an attaching edge which is outwardly curved from end to end and having a strip of adhesive disposed on one face thereof adjacent said edge whereby said shield may be applied to the brow in any one of several manners with slight adjustment. said shield thru the medium of said adhesive strip during application slightly elevating the epidermis along the line of adherence whereby to cause an edgewise ilt between the flesh and the edge of the shield to create a watertight Joint and simultaneously activate the flesh elevated thereby.
5. A vizor having an attaching edge portion, said attaching edge portion being outwardly curved with respect to the body portion of the shield whereby upon slight manual manipulation during. application said shield may be arcuated so as to direct the free edge of the shield from the brow outwardly over the eyes at various inclinations, and an adhesive coating disposed along said attaching edge on one face only of said shield.
LORA BELLE DOUGLASS.
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|U.S. Classification||2/174, 2/12, 2/206, D29/110|