|Publication number||US2034792 A|
|Publication date||Mar 24, 1936|
|Filing date||Nov 12, 1934|
|Priority date||Nov 12, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2034792 A, US 2034792A, US-A-2034792, US2034792 A, US2034792A|
|Original Assignee||Bergman John|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 24, 1936. .1, BERGMAN ILLUMINATED FOUNTAIN DI SPLAY Filed NOY. 12, 1934 zfgi 1/0/7/7 Bv" ma/z ATTORN EY Patented Mar. 24, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.
This invention relates to illuminated fountains for display purposes and more particularly to such devices in which the fountain is contained within a transparent dome.
I am aware that display devices of a similar character have heretofore been used. Some of these devices however possess objectionable operating features, such as, difficulty of projecting rays of light thru a mass of water so as to illuminate the fountain display. It is therefore the primary object of my invention to provide a novel arrangement of a fountain display in which the fountain water is projected in an improved manner in a glass dome and is caused to flow down the sides of the dome so as to facilitate the illumination of the entire visible surface of the display, thus simulating the well-known outdoor fountain in a spectacular manner.
A further object of my invention is to provide in conjunction with the above arrangement a particularly effective means for illuminating the falling water within the dome by which to facilitate the illumination of the fountain in various colors as well as white light.
The invention will be fully and comprehensively understood from a consideration of the following detailed description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing which forms part of the application, with the understanding, however, that the improvement is capable of extended application and is not confined to the exact showing of the drawing nor to the precise construction described and, therefore, such changes and modifications may be made therein as do not affect the spirit of the invention nor exceed the scope thereof as expressed in the appended claim.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a central vertical section of my device; and
Fig. 2 is a horizontal section on line 22 of Fig. 1.
Referring now to the drawing for a more detailed description thereof, the numeral 3 indicates a transparent dome of suitable material and of a vertical cylindrical shape, the upper end of the cylinder converging substantially into a hemisphere. The dome 3 is securely sealed at 4 to a disklike base 5 having upstanding cylindrical sides 6. Centrally disposed within the base 5 is the nozzle 1 secured to the base by the screw collar 8 and having a hollow annular chamber 9 adapted to receive water or other suitable liquid under pressure from a supply pipe 911. Thru the center of the nozzle 1 is a vertical transparent tube H], the upper end of which projects above the nozzle 1 in convex formation.
The upper surface of nozzle 1 is provided with a series of spaced jets ll arranged in annular rings about the tube Ill. The function of jets H is to project a substantially vertical, tubular or cylindrical stream l2 of Water centrally up into the dome 3 and against the top thereof. In that the disposition and operation of these jets is one of the features of my invention, a detailed 10 description of their arrangement follows. It has been observed during the extensive experiments in the development of my device that certain difficulties arise in providing means for suitably projecting the above described stream of water. 15 One of these difficulties arises from the tendency of the respective water jets comprising the stream to draw together into a solid stream due to the molecular attraction of the liquid particles and other causes. Such a solid stream would defeat the satisfactory illumination of the fountain in that it has been found entirely unsatisfactory to project a beam of light thru a compact mass of liquid. The jets ll of my device have therefore been disposed in a plurality of concentric rings in which the jets are arranged in staggered relation to each other, as illustrated clearly in Fig. 2. Thus the series of jets II in aggregate provide a sufficient volume of water to form the desired cylindrical stream I2. To further counteract the tendency of respective water streams emanating from the jets H to converge into a solid stream, the respective jets II are disposed at diverging angles, the angles of divergence being equal on either side of the center of the noz- 5 zle 1. The respective streams will normally issue from the jets H at diverging angles but due to the molecular attraction the streams will converge somewhat toward the common center to form the cylindrical stream I2. This arrange- 40 ment is shown more clearly in Fig. 1, the disposition of jets ll being slightly exaggerated as to the degree of inclination. The cylindrical stream 12 of water, being thus suitably projected against the interior top of the dome 3, is thus caused 45 to flow or trickle down the vertical sides of the dome, thereby simulating the outdoor fountain. The Water being received in the base 5 of my device is drawn 01f thru the overflow pipe l5, from which it may be suitably disposed or re- 50 circulated into the device by pumping into the supply pipe 90..
To provide particularly effective illumination for the fountain within the dome, a light source I6 is provided which comprises a housing I! de- 55 pending from the base 5, in which is contained an electric bulb l8 or suitable illuminating means supported on a base l9. A condenser lens 20 is disposed above the light bulb l8 by which to gather the rays of light eminating from the filament of the bulb l8 to project same in a slightly diverging light beam up thru the tube l0 and into the cylindrical water stream I2 so that the various rays of light constituting the projected beam will impinge against the interior of the stream I2 at various elevations. In this manner the entire cylindrical stream I2 is illuminated, from which the light will radiate out to the water flowing down the sides of the dome 3, thereby efiectively illuminating the entire visible surface of same.
What is claimed as new is:
In a device of the character described, a lighttransmitting dome, a hollow member within said dome and adapted to receive a supply of liquid under pressure and having a top with a plurality of outlet openings for the liquid, a tube within said hollow member, and having a light-transmitting upper end, and a light source directly under said tube, said outlet openings being arranged in an annular ring and diverging slightly in outward and upward direction whereby to project separate jets of liquid so that said jets transform into a continuous annular spout of liquid.
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|US2623367 *||Jan 6, 1950||Dec 30, 1952||Sunroc Refrigeration Company||Water cooler and filter|
|US2888205 *||May 9, 1956||May 26, 1959||Trucco Giovanni||Luminous fountain with changeable colored light|
|US3441957 *||Oct 27, 1966||Apr 29, 1969||Jerome Friedman||Swimming pool and underwater lighting system|
|US3866832 *||Dec 27, 1973||Feb 18, 1975||Noguchi Fountain And Plaza Inc||Nozzle assembly for producing an internally illuminated water column|
|US4749126 *||May 6, 1985||Jun 7, 1988||Kessener H P M||Liquid outlet adapted to provide lighting effects and/or for illumination|
|US4901922 *||May 26, 1988||Feb 20, 1990||Kessener Herman P M||Method and apparatus for creating a spectacular display|
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|DE4203107A1 *||Feb 4, 1992||Aug 5, 1993||Werner Stierle||System for combined light and water display with bulb in lamp housing e.g. for aesthetic display - transmits light emanating with main radiation axis and water guiding housing is positioned in light path in front of lamp housing and has water riser and carrier|
|Cooperative Classification||F21S8/00, F21W2121/02|