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Publication numberUS2034792 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 24, 1936
Filing dateNov 12, 1934
Priority dateNov 12, 1934
Publication numberUS 2034792 A, US 2034792A, US-A-2034792, US2034792 A, US2034792A
InventorsBergman John
Original AssigneeBergman John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Illuminated fountain display
US 2034792 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 24, 1936. .1, BERGMAN ILLUMINATED FOUNTAIN DI SPLAY Filed NOY. 12, 1934 zfgi 1/0/7/7 Bv" ma/z ATTORN EY Patented Mar. 24, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.

This invention relates to illuminated fountains for display purposes and more particularly to such devices in which the fountain is contained within a transparent dome.

I am aware that display devices of a similar character have heretofore been used. Some of these devices however possess objectionable operating features, such as, difficulty of projecting rays of light thru a mass of water so as to illuminate the fountain display. It is therefore the primary object of my invention to provide a novel arrangement of a fountain display in which the fountain water is projected in an improved manner in a glass dome and is caused to flow down the sides of the dome so as to facilitate the illumination of the entire visible surface of the display, thus simulating the well-known outdoor fountain in a spectacular manner.

A further object of my invention is to provide in conjunction with the above arrangement a particularly effective means for illuminating the falling water within the dome by which to facilitate the illumination of the fountain in various colors as well as white light.

The invention will be fully and comprehensively understood from a consideration of the following detailed description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing which forms part of the application, with the understanding, however, that the improvement is capable of extended application and is not confined to the exact showing of the drawing nor to the precise construction described and, therefore, such changes and modifications may be made therein as do not affect the spirit of the invention nor exceed the scope thereof as expressed in the appended claim.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a central vertical section of my device; and

Fig. 2 is a horizontal section on line 22 of Fig. 1.

Referring now to the drawing for a more detailed description thereof, the numeral 3 indicates a transparent dome of suitable material and of a vertical cylindrical shape, the upper end of the cylinder converging substantially into a hemisphere. The dome 3 is securely sealed at 4 to a disklike base 5 having upstanding cylindrical sides 6. Centrally disposed within the base 5 is the nozzle 1 secured to the base by the screw collar 8 and having a hollow annular chamber 9 adapted to receive water or other suitable liquid under pressure from a supply pipe 911. Thru the center of the nozzle 1 is a vertical transparent tube H], the upper end of which projects above the nozzle 1 in convex formation.

The upper surface of nozzle 1 is provided with a series of spaced jets ll arranged in annular rings about the tube Ill. The function of jets H is to project a substantially vertical, tubular or cylindrical stream l2 of Water centrally up into the dome 3 and against the top thereof. In that the disposition and operation of these jets is one of the features of my invention, a detailed 10 description of their arrangement follows. It has been observed during the extensive experiments in the development of my device that certain difficulties arise in providing means for suitably projecting the above described stream of water. 15 One of these difficulties arises from the tendency of the respective water jets comprising the stream to draw together into a solid stream due to the molecular attraction of the liquid particles and other causes. Such a solid stream would defeat the satisfactory illumination of the fountain in that it has been found entirely unsatisfactory to project a beam of light thru a compact mass of liquid. The jets ll of my device have therefore been disposed in a plurality of concentric rings in which the jets are arranged in staggered relation to each other, as illustrated clearly in Fig. 2. Thus the series of jets II in aggregate provide a sufficient volume of water to form the desired cylindrical stream I2. To further counteract the tendency of respective water streams emanating from the jets H to converge into a solid stream, the respective jets II are disposed at diverging angles, the angles of divergence being equal on either side of the center of the noz- 5 zle 1. The respective streams will normally issue from the jets H at diverging angles but due to the molecular attraction the streams will converge somewhat toward the common center to form the cylindrical stream I2. This arrange- 40 ment is shown more clearly in Fig. 1, the disposition of jets ll being slightly exaggerated as to the degree of inclination. The cylindrical stream 12 of water, being thus suitably projected against the interior top of the dome 3, is thus caused 45 to flow or trickle down the vertical sides of the dome, thereby simulating the outdoor fountain. The Water being received in the base 5 of my device is drawn 01f thru the overflow pipe l5, from which it may be suitably disposed or re- 50 circulated into the device by pumping into the supply pipe 90..

To provide particularly effective illumination for the fountain within the dome, a light source I6 is provided which comprises a housing I! de- 55 pending from the base 5, in which is contained an electric bulb l8 or suitable illuminating means supported on a base l9. A condenser lens 20 is disposed above the light bulb l8 by which to gather the rays of light eminating from the filament of the bulb l8 to project same in a slightly diverging light beam up thru the tube l0 and into the cylindrical water stream I2 so that the various rays of light constituting the projected beam will impinge against the interior of the stream I2 at various elevations. In this manner the entire cylindrical stream I2 is illuminated, from which the light will radiate out to the water flowing down the sides of the dome 3, thereby efiectively illuminating the entire visible surface of same.

What is claimed as new is:

In a device of the character described, a lighttransmitting dome, a hollow member within said dome and adapted to receive a supply of liquid under pressure and having a top with a plurality of outlet openings for the liquid, a tube within said hollow member, and having a light-transmitting upper end, and a light source directly under said tube, said outlet openings being arranged in an annular ring and diverging slightly in outward and upward direction whereby to project separate jets of liquid so that said jets transform into a continuous annular spout of liquid.

JOHN BERGMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2623367 *Jan 6, 1950Dec 30, 1952Sunroc Refrigeration CompanyWater cooler and filter
US2888205 *May 9, 1956May 26, 1959Trucco GiovanniLuminous fountain with changeable colored light
US3441957 *Oct 27, 1966Apr 29, 1969Jerome FriedmanSwimming pool and underwater lighting system
US3866832 *Dec 27, 1973Feb 18, 1975Noguchi Fountain And Plaza IncNozzle assembly for producing an internally illuminated water column
US4749126 *May 6, 1985Jun 7, 1988Kessener H P MLiquid outlet adapted to provide lighting effects and/or for illumination
US4901922 *May 26, 1988Feb 20, 1990Kessener Herman P MMethod and apparatus for creating a spectacular display
US5067653 *Jun 12, 1990Nov 26, 1991Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.Screen forming apparatus and method
US5160086 *Sep 4, 1990Nov 3, 1992Kuykendal Robert LLighted laminar flow nozzle
US5775586 *Sep 19, 1996Jul 7, 1998Hamilton-Bruzzi; GinetteFountain having internally lighted plume
US6644561 *Mar 12, 2002Nov 11, 2003Patrick David DaaneColor beam sprinkler lights
US9080762 *Feb 19, 2013Jul 14, 2015Brian RayFlameless candle with integrated fountain
US20130223043 *Feb 19, 2013Aug 29, 2013Brian RayFlameless Candle with Integrated Fountain
DE4203107A1 *Feb 4, 1992Aug 5, 1993Werner StierleSystem for combined light and water display with bulb in lamp housing e.g. for aesthetic display - transmits light emanating with main radiation axis and water guiding housing is positioned in light path in front of lamp housing and has water riser and carrier
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/18
International ClassificationF21S8/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21S8/00, F21W2121/02
European ClassificationF21S8/00