US 2036276 A
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9 19360 J. M. HOTHERSALIL METAL SHIPPING CONTAINER Filed Feb. 20, 1951 WWW? Patented Apr. 7, 1936 UNH'E'E STATES .E TENT METAL SHIPPING CONTAINER John M. Hothersall, Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to American Can Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application February 20, 1931, Serial No. 517,246
Claims. (Cl. 22072) The present invention relates to a metal shipdeveloping a fracture if adjacent a stiff ridge ping container and has particular reference to or bead in the can wall.
a rectangular container for oil and gasoline and The present invention relates to an improved other products which is formed to prevent fraccontainer of this general character provided with 5 ture and buckling of parts during shipment. zones of flexure and one wherein continuous The principal object of the present invention stiffening beads or sharp-cornered wall sections is the provision of a container having rectangular are omitted. This improved container has the flat side wall panels outlined by drawn or pressednecessary panels but its walls are so formed that out sections of a castellated and indentured patthey may be repeatedly flexed without fracture.
tern, these drawn sections, by reason of their Such a container is properly strengthened to re- 10 shape and relative positions providing afiexibility sist the forces tending to buckle Collapse it in the can walls which insures a maximum of probut is so designed as to permit movement of even tection to the container by allowing sloshing of dented and bent sections without such concenits liquid contents, with its resulting wall movetration of sharp ben mOVeInentS S to Cause ment, without fracture or buckling. fracture. This will become more evident as the 15 Numerous other objects of the invention will description proceeds. be apparent as it is better understood from the Such an improved container comprises a recfollowing description, which, taken in connectangular container body H having side walls I?! tion with the accompanying drawing, discloses joined by C s 3 produced by the be d a preferred embodiment thereof. of the metal in the formation of the container. 20
Referring to the drawing: The container body it is closed by end members Figure 1 is a perspective view of a rectangular M secu ed thereto y double scontainer embodying the present invention; Each side wall i2 is struck outwardly in a series Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken of projecting tongues it which are arranged 5 substantially along the line 22 in Fig. 1; along the margin of the side and around a central Fig. 3 is a sectional view of one of the side walls p el The Outer feces of the p j s i5 of the container being taken substantially along are in a single plane, as illustrated in Fig. 3,
the line 3-3 in Fig. 1; and Which is spaced slightly beyond the outer face Fig. 4 is a similar section taken substantially f the panel W These p ect ons 5 lie along the line 4-4 in Fig. 1. closely adjacent one another and form an in- 30 The shipment of oil products by boat is a large dentured pattern having zones of fleXure interindustry and a, favorite package for the product mediate thereof. This construction strengthens is a rectangular, relatively light gage sheet metal the corners It in a vertical direction and provides container usually of five-gallon capacity. Such a flexing 0r y e d g characteristic to the entire a container preferably has its side walls paneled Wall structure. 35 to enhance its appearance and to provide space Each end l4 may be reinforced by a series of for labels, stickers, etc., and decorative embellishp ct ng panels ll of suitable configu ation, the t outer faces of which lie in one plane as shown in The swaying motion of the ship, loaded with g- 2 a these o allow fie -g throughout these containers, piled one on top of the other Without sharp bends. 40
and often in several layers in the hold of the This construction of the container permits Vessel, causes considerable sloshing and splashstacking one o top of another and their recing of the liquid contents against the interior tangular form affords close packing without walls of containers. waste space. The patterned side walls can yield This results in repeated flexing of the container under the swaying motion of the ship and diagon- 45 walls and a bending back and forth of the metal a1, vertical and horizontal thrusts imposed therethereof. Such repeated bending of the metal if by are readily compensated by the proper body concentrated adjacent a sharp edge as of a bead movement. There being o sharp stiff edges nor or sharp-cornered drawn section, often causes lines of fold along which flexing of the metal is a fracture at that point permitting the liquid concentrated, the dangers of fractures and 50 contents to run out and become lost and at the buckling are eliminated. same time establishing a fire and explosive haz- The containers may be filled in any suitable ard. These fractures are particularly prevalent manner, a filling opening [8 formed in the top at parts of the can which may have become end being used for this purpose. This may be dented or bent in handling, such a dent soon closed in the usual way by a soldered cap. 55
It is thought that the invention and many of its attendant advantages will be understood from the foregoing description, and it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing all of its material advantages, the form hereinbefore described being merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
1. A rectangular sheet metal container the side walls of which are embossed inwardly to form a central panel, leaving outwardly raised marginal portions, and, extending from said marginal portions toward the middle of the pane1, spaced-apart projections which remain in the plane of the marginal portions and have between them depressed parts which are in the plane of the panel, thereby making discontinuous the edges of the panels and strengthening the side walls of the container against fracture along said edges.
2. A rectangular container of sheet metal comprising, a body having a plurality of side walls, ends secured to said body, the material of the side walls being bent at intervals adjacent the vertical corners of the container to provide a central side wall panel and pressed side wall edge portions separated from each other and closely spaced together and forming an indentured pattern, the outwardly pressed parts of the pattern merging into the corner portions, and the inwardly pressed parts merging into the central part of the wall.
3. A rectangular container comprising a body having a plurality of side walls and ends secured to said body, the marginal portion of said side walls adjacent and between its corner portions being pressed inwardly at spaced intervals to provide a pattern integral with and extending inwardly of the body wall and the outer portion of said pattern merging into the plane of the side walls to provide a predetermined zone of fiexure.
4. A rectangular container comprising a body having a plurality of side walls and ends double seamed to the side walls, said side walls being pressed into an inwardly projecting marginal cas'tellated and indentured pattern integral with and disposed adjacent the vertical and horizontal corners and the double seamed ends, the outer portion of said pattern being in the plane of the body wall, to allow for flexing movement of the body Wall and to prevent concentration of rupturing strains and sharp bending of the metal thereof.
5. A rectangular metal container the side walls of which are formed with a central panel, and series of inwardly projecting tongues spaced apart and surrounding the panel and constituting an integral part thereof, the bases of said tongues being merged with and in the plane of the metal of the corner portions of the container, to strengthen the corners and give flexibility to the walls, and guard against fracture.
JOHN M. HOTHERSALL.