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Publication numberUS2036919 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 7, 1936
Filing dateJan 26, 1933
Priority dateFeb 3, 1932
Publication numberUS 2036919 A, US 2036919A, US-A-2036919, US2036919 A, US2036919A
InventorsMartin Calmes Eugene
Original AssigneeMartin Calmes Eugene
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Feed mechanism for separating coupons, tickets, or the like
US 2036919 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April! 7 mm E. M. CALMES wmmg p FEED MECHANISM FOR SEPARATING COUPONS, TICKETS OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 26, 1933 4 Sheets-Sheet l 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 E. M. CALMES Filed Jan. 26, 1935 FEED MECHANISM FOR SEPARATING COUPONS, TICKETS OR THE LIKE FEED MECHANISM FOR SEPARATING COUPONS,

' TICKETS OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 26, 1933 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 E. M. cALMEs mmwm FEED MECHANISM FOR SEPARATING COUPONS, TICKETS OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 26, 1933 4 Sheets-Sheet Patented Apr. 7, 1 936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FEED MECHANISM FOR SEPARATING COU- PONS, TICKETS, OR THE LIKE Eugene Martin Calmes, Paris, France 11 Claims.

The object of the present invention is to provide a feed mechanism for separating coupons, tickets, labels, sheets of paper, bands of paper,

etc.

The mechanism according to my invention is intended to take up successively the sheets of a pack or pile placed on the feed board. This mechanism includes an inclined plate along which slides a push piece serving to apply the pile of sheets against a stop plate at the bottom of which the sheets are taken up one by one. The push piece is pulled by a cable connected to a drum which urges it against the stop plate. Side plates at an adjustable interval are adapted to move in opposite directions through the action of a rightand-left screw. The selecting mechanism comprises a driving roller adapted to move the sheets forward and against which is applied a second roller supported by an oscillating frame, said frame being provided with a counterweight. The counterweight can occupy, with respect to the axis of rotation of the frame, a position adjustable by means of a screw.

According to another embodiment of my invention the selecting device comprises, instead of a frame, a mere lever provided with a fixed counterweight which comprises, as means for adjusting the pressure transmitted to the roller, a spring or the equivalent which may be more or less tensioned through a suitable control organ.

Preferred embodiments of my invention will be hereinafter described with reference to the accompanying drawings, given merely by way of example, and in which:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view of the mechanism according to the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a plan View corresponding to Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a detail elevational view showing the device for taking and selecting the tickets that are to be checked;

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view on the line 4-- l of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a plan view corresponding to Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is a plan View of another embodiment of the device for taking and selecting the tickets or coupons to be checked;

Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional view on the line 'll of Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 is a transversal sectional view on the line 8--8 of Fig. '7.

The coupons, sheets, etc., to be checked are placed so as to form a pile at i (Fig. 1) on an inclined plate 2 acting as the feed board. They are applied against a stop plate 3 by a sliding push piece t subjected to the action of a drum 5 to which it is connected by a cable 5 suitably guided by pulleys.

The pile I of coupons is, on the other hand, suitably maintained between two side plates l and 8 one ofwhich is hinged at 8a so as to be swung laterally in order to permit to more eas- I ily place in position the coupons on feed board 2. The distance between side plates 1 and 8 can be modified at will through a right and left screw adapted to be actuated through its milled head Ill. Owing to this arrangement, side plates I and 8 can be brought to a distance from each other exactly equal to the width of the coupons. Stop plate 3 is disposed in tangential relation to a roller II that drives by friction, owing to its rubber periphery, the coupons of the pile I.

Roller I I is given a continuous rotation through a chain I2 carried by a pinion I2a-, said chain being driven in any suitable manner as will be hereinafter described.

Under roller I I there is disposed another roller I3, as shown in Figs. 5 to '7.

Roller I3 is carried by a pivoting frame consisting of side plates I4 maintained at a suitable interval by spacing members I5 and I6.

The axis of member I6 is the pivot about which the frame oscillates and it is mounted between the points ll of screws I8 carried by the side plates IQ of the frame of the apparatus.

Due to its being mounted in an oscillating frame, roller It can be more or less applied against, or moved away from, roller I I.

The strength with which said roller i3 is applied against roller I I is determined by counterweight 20, which can be moved with respect to the axis of member It by means of screw 2| actuated through its milled head 22. As said screw is journalled in spacing member I500 but cannot slide with respect thereto, it will readily be understood that by turning it the moment of the weight which determines the pressure exerted by roller [3 on roller I I can be increased or reduced at will.

On the spindle I30. of roller I3 is keyed a pinion 23 meshing with a toothed wheel 24 of large diameter. Said toothed wheel 24, which is mounted loose on it journal, is placed between two friction disks 25, themselves disposed between cheeks 26 and El keyed on hollow shaft 28 which is fixed to side plates I4 by nuts 25. Cheek 25 is maintained at a fixed distance from side plate I4 by spacing member 30, and cheek 21 can be moved toward cheek 26 through ring 3!, which is provided for this purpose with two lugs 32 against which bear lugs 33 integral with axle 34.

The end 35 of said axle is threaded. A nut 36 is screwed on said threaded end against the ac tion of a spring 31; so that cheek 21 is caused by spring 3i to apply against check 26 the whole of the disks and toothed wheel 24. The rotary movement of said wheel is therefore braked and that braking action is transmitted to roller l3 through pinion 23.

It is possible, by acting on nut 36, to adjust at will the tension of spring 31, and therefore to accurately adjust the braking of roller I3.

Under these conditions, the selection of the sheets or coupons takes place through the difference of adhesion, so that the upper sheet of the pile is the only one to be driven. As a matter of fact, if two sheets are driven simultaneously by driving roller II, the adhesion between the lower sheet and the upper sheet is smaller than the diiference between the lower sheet and roller I3, which is mounted loose and is braked. Due to the braking of said roller and to the pressure with which it is applied against roller II, the lower sheet and roller I3 do not move While the upper sheet is driven. When driving roller II takes only one sheet from the pile, said sheet passes between the two rollers, the lower roller I3 being driven through adhesion.

Due to the reduction resulting from the difference between the radiuses of wheel 24 and pinion 23, and due to the large braking surface, the selection of the coupons or sheets as above explained is performed in a rigorous and perfect manner.

In order to obtain a regular operation of the selecting mechanism, for instance in the case of the lower roller being worn off or out of order, and in order to nevertheless obtain a good drive of said roller, I have provided a device which periodically varies the pressure with which roller I3 is applied against roller II, so as to cause it to pass from a maximum to a minimum.

Said periodicity is produced by a cam 88 (in the drawings I have shown a cam of hexagonal outline, but there may be any number whatever of projections on the outline of the cam). Said cam acts on a lever 39 pivoted at on the frame of the apparatus.

The end 4| of said lever is connected through a rod 42 with an arm 43 integral with the spindle Ilia of frame I4. Rod 42 and arm 43 are connected through a spring 42a which, due to the action of cam 38, which periodically moves lever 39, has its tension periodically modified so that roller I3 is applied against roller II with a pressure depending on the tension of the spring.

Furthermore, a roller 44, provided at its periphery with bosses 45, is disposed opposite stop plate 3 and is driven in a continuous manner by roller II.

In the course of its rotation, the roller in question strikes successively through one of its bosses the pile of sheets disposed on the feed board and causes the first sheet to move due to its being struck obliquely and for the same reason as above stated, difference of value between the adhesion of the two first sheets with respect to each other and the adhesion of the first sheet with respect to boss 45. This slight displacement of the first, or uppermost sheet of the pile facilitates its insertion between rollers II and I3 and the selection is perfect.

In the embodiment of Figs. 6 to 8 that is now to be described, the braking of roller I3 is obtained in the following manner (Figs. 6 to 8) On the spindle I312 that carries roller I3, there is keyed a disk ZII. On said spindle is also mounted a second disk 2I2 connected to said spindle through a sliding key 2I3. Between said two disks is disposed a third disk 2I4 having an arm integral with it that is provided with a slot 2I5 in which is inserted the end of pivot screw 202, so that disk 2I4 is not allowed to rotate about shaft I3a.

Between disk 2I4 and disks ZII and 2I2,

there are inserted felt Washers 2I6, and a nut 2|! acting, through a spring 2| 8, on disk 2I2 is screwed on the end of spindle I 3a. Said spring 2I8 therefore applies more or less strongly disks 2 I2 and 2 I4 against fixed disk 2! I. Felt washers 2I6 then exert a soft and constant braking action, which is an essential condition of a good working of the device for taking and selecting the coupons to be checked.

It has been above stated that it was more advantageous to periodically vary the pressure with which roller I3 is applied against roller II. In the first described embodiment the variation of said pressure was obtained through the action of a cam on a pivoting lever the free end of which was connected to the frame carrying the lower roller.

In the embodiment that is now being described, a lever 39 pivoted at All to side plate I9 is periodically moved upwardly by a cam 38 keyed on the shaft Ila. of roller II. Lever 39 is connected to lever 28!) through a spring 2| 9. Preferably, the tension of said spring is adapted to be adjusted, for instance by means of a nut 220.

From the preceding description it results that the pressure applying roller I3 against roller II results from the combined action of mass 20I, spring 204, and spring 2I9. As the action of said two springs can be adjustable, it is understood that the desired pressure can be very exactly obtained.

While I have described what I deem to be practical and efiicient embodiments of my invention, it should be well understood that I do not wish to be limited thereto as there might 3 be changes made in the arrangement, disposition and form of the parts without departing from the principle of my invention as comprehended within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

l. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of flat objects disposed in a pile to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a driving roller imperatively actuated, guiding means for said pile, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is applied tangentially against said driving roller, a loose roller movably mounted opposite said driving roller with its axis constantly parallel to the axis of said driving roller, yielding means 7 for pushing said loose roller against said driving roller whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along between said two rollers, and means for braking the rotary movement of said loose roller.

2. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of fiat objects to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a frame, a driving roller journalled in said frame adapted to rotate with a continuous motion, guiding means for said pile carried by said frame, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is applied tangentially against said driving roller, a loose roller opposite said driving roller radially movable With respect thereto with its axis constantly parallel to the axis of said driving roller, yielding means for pushing said loose roller against said driving roller whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along between said two rollers, and adjustable means for braking the rotary movement of said loose roller.

3. A machine according to claim 2 further comprising means for periodically varying the pressure with which the loose roller is pushed against the driving roller, so that said pressure varies constantly between a maximum and a minimum value.

4. A mechanism according to claim 2 further comprising a driven roller located opposite said pile of objects, and a plurality of bosses or projections on the last mentioned roller adapted to periodically strike said pile in order to slightly displace the end object thereof.

5. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of flat objects disposed in a pile to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a frame, a driving roller journalled in said frame adapted to rotate with a continuous motion, guiding means for said pile carried by said frame, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is applied tangentially against said driving roller, a support pivoted to said frame, a roller mounted loose in said support about an axis parallel to, and located in substantially the same vertical plane as, the axis of said driving roller, a counterweight carried by said support so as to push said loose roller against said driving roller whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along between said two rollers, and adjustable means for braking the rotary movement of said loose roller.

6. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of flat objects disposed in a pile to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a frame, a driving roller journalled in said frame adapted to rotate with a continuous motion, guiding means for said pile carried by said frame, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is applied tangentially against said driving roller, a support pivoted in said frame, a roller mounted loose in said support about an axis parallel to, and located in substantially the same vertical plane as, the axis of said driving roller, a counterweight carried by said support so as to push said loose roller toward said driving roller whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along between said two rollers, adjustable means for braking the rotary movement of said loose roller, an arm pivoted to said frame, a cam operatively connected to said driving roller adapted to cooperate with said arm so as to impart an oscillating movement of smaller amplitude thereto, and a spring connection between said arm and said support.

7. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of flat objects disposed in a pile to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a frame, a driving roller journalled in said frame adapted to be rotated with a continuous motion, guiding means for said pile carried by said frame, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is applied tangentially against said driving roller, a,support pivoted to said frame about an axis parallel to the axis of said roller, a spindle journalled in said support parallel to, and in substantially the same vertical plane as, said axis, a roller keyed to said spindle opposite said first mentioned roller, a counterweight carried by said support so as to push said second mentioned roller toward said driving roller, whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along between these two rollers, at least two coaxial disks slidably mounted with respect to each other, so as to be able to frictionally engage each other, one of said disks being operatively connected with said spindle so as to be driven by it, and adjustable elastic means for forcing one of said disks against the other.

8. A feed mechanism according to claim 7 further comprising an arm pivoted to said frame, a cam operatively connected with said driving roller adapted to cooperate with said arm so as to impart an oscillating movement of small amplitude thereto, and a spring connection between said arm and said support.

9. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of flat objects disposed in a pile to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a frame, a driving roller journalled in said frame adapted to be rotated with a continuous motion, guiding means for said pile carried by said frame, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is constantly applied tangentially against said driving roller, a support pivoted to said frame about an axis parallel to the axis of said roller, a spindle journalled in said support parallel to, and in substantially the same vertical plane as, said axis, a roller keyed to said spindle opposite said first mentioned roller, a counterweight adjustably fixed to said support so as to push said second mentioned roller toward said driving roller, whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along between said two rollers, a pinion keyed to said spindle, a. second spindle fixed to said support, a toothed wheel mounted loose about said second mentioned spindle and meshing with said pinion, two disks keyed to said second mentioned spindle on either side of said toothed wheel and frictionally contacting it, and adjustable elastic means for applying said disks against said toothed wheel with a certain pressure.

10. A feed mechanism according to claim 9 further comprising an arm pivoted to said frame, a cam coaxiaily fixed to said driving roller adapted to cooperate with said arm so as to impart an oscillating movement of small amplitude thereto, and elastic connecting means between said arm and said support for keeping said arm applied against said cam.

ll. A feed mechanism for causing a certain number of flat objects disposed in a pile to be taken one by one from said pile, which comprises in combination, a frame, a driving roller journalled in said frame adapted to be rotated with a continuous motion, guiding means for said pile carried by said frame, means for pushing said pile so that the end object thereof is applied tangentially against said driving roller, a support pivoted to said frame about an axis parallel to the axis of said roller, a spindle journalled in said support parallel to, and in substantially the same vertical plane as, said axis, a roller keyed to said spindle opposite said first mentioned roller, a counterweight carried by said support so as to push said second mentioned roller toward said driving roller, whereby the objects carried along by said driving roller are squeezed along. between said two rollers, a disk keyed on said spindle, another disk slidably keyed on said spindle, a third disk interposed between the two first mentioned disks, means for preventing the last mentioned disk from rotating about said spindle, and elastic adjustable means for applying said disks against one another so as to brake the rotary movement of said spindle.

EUGENE MARTIN CALMES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2764409 *Jun 18, 1953Sep 25, 1956La Bombard Leon EMethod and apparatus for friction feeding of sheets
US2779593 *Jul 8, 1953Jan 29, 1957Cummins Chicago CorpFeeder for checks and like paper
US2892629 *Oct 23, 1957Jun 30, 1959Sperry Rand CorpSheet feeding device
US3936042 *Nov 19, 1973Feb 3, 1976Rank Xerox Ltd.Sheet feeding devices
US3948511 *Nov 19, 1973Apr 6, 1976Rank Xerox Ltd.Sheet feeding devices
US4480827 *Mar 31, 1983Nov 6, 1984Burroughs CorporationPivotal feed head for printing apparatus
US4627607 *Oct 13, 1983Dec 9, 1986Ricoh Company, Ltd.Sheet feeding system
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/125, 271/126
International ClassificationB65H1/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65H1/025
European ClassificationB65H1/02C