|Publication number||US2038544 A|
|Publication date||Apr 28, 1936|
|Filing date||Apr 17, 1934|
|Priority date||Apr 17, 1934|
|Publication number||US 2038544 A, US 2038544A, US-A-2038544, US2038544 A, US2038544A|
|Inventors||Earl Coty Thomas|
|Original Assignee||Earl Coty Thomas|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
T. E. 'COTY April 28, 1936.
Filed April 17; 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNE'E'.
April 28, 1936. 1'. E. co'rY I BAG Filed April 17, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
Patented Apr. 28, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 3 Claims.
My present invention relates to bags, particularly bags having several plies, the folding of which is apt to make the bottom unduly stiff, making it liable to crack open under strain; and has especial reference to securing a tight seal for the closures. I will describe in this specification the steps of -manufacture, but I do not in this case claim the improvements in the art of manufacture, as that forms the subject of another application based on the machine for carrying out the process.
Characteristic features of the present application consist in pasting down the side folds to the longitudinal or main' folds of the bottom by putting paste under the ends of the side folds in such a way as to close the latter and form a sealing of these folds to the longitudinal folds, closing the bottom of the bag. For this purpose, after the bag-bottom is opened in the bottomer for the purpose of forming the'side flaps, I introduce paste on the upper surfaces of the main folds at the places where the side flaps will register with the paste when the side flaps are pressed down to complete the closure in such a way as to. seal the latter to the longitudinal flaps or folds. The process will be further described and be more intelligible after description of the figures.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 shows a bag-blank, which is cut off from a multi-wall tube formed in the usual'way in a tuber; a
Figure 2 shows an initiation of the folds of the bottom by opening the longitudinal flaps and folding over the. side flaps upon them;
Figure 3 shows the side flaps partly so that the paste may be applied under them;
Figure 4 shows the bottom bag after the paste has been applied under parts of the side flaps, which are shown turned back; one of such parts is shown broken away to make clear the construction;
s Figure 5 shows the side flaps sealed down and paste applied for sealing the longitudinal flaps;
Figure'fi shows the first longitudinal flap folded over;
displaced Figure 7 shows a completed bag, which, in this having parts C, C, which are to be sealed down. The longitudinal or main flaps of the bottom are lettered D, D and one of them is notched at E p where the thumb tab is formed in the usual way on the other end of the blank. This tab is not shown. The closure in this form of bag has slits at H, H, delimiting the flaps from one another preparatory to the opening of the bottom and the forming of the folds.
Figure 2 shows the bottom opened for the application of paste for sealing.
, In Figure 3, the bottom is shown with the parts 0, C partly turned back; it will be understood that in practice this step (as also in Figure 4) embraces lifting the side flap enough for the insertion of suitably formed paste-pads, the actual turning back of the side flaps to the extent here shown not being necessary.
Figure 4 shows the parts C, C turned back so that the paste, as shown at F, F, may be applied between the side flaps and the main flaps of the bag; the pad which applies the paste is shaped and located so that the paste does not extend to the creases forming the axes on whichthe main flaps D, D, turn. The paste is also shown cut off to conform to the diagonal fold of the side flaps B, B, as shown'under the cutaway fiap at f.
In Figure 5 the parts C, C have been restored Y to the position which they occupy when the bag is completed, whereupon a paste-pad applies the paste d, as shown, to the flap D, but not to the flap D In Figure 6, flap D has been turned over so that the paste 'd seals it in position, while in Figure 7 the bag is shown with the bottom completed. I
The folding and sealing of the valve-end is done in the same way as the bottom, and does not require description. It will be observed that a flap'G is cut at one end of one of the layers of the blank A; this is for the purpose of sealing the valve-end after the bag has been filled, and is more particularly described and claimed in my parallel pending application, Serial Number 696,-
704, filed November 4th, 1933.
Figure 8 shows a form of bag in which the slits H, H, are not used, so that the parts C, C of the side folds are not present. The invention is equally applicable to and eflicacious in this form of closure.
It is essential to a proper closure that no paste shall reach the plies of the bag which in folding appear to form parts of the bottom, but which when the bag is opened for filling are seen to be in truth parts of the side walls. If the paste reaches these, after it dries the bottom cannot open properly, and would be torn 'in filling, ruining the bag and wasting the contents. All this.
the paste does not pass the transverse creases forming the axes on which the folds D, D turn.
The cutaway at f is also shaped and located to 4 fit the crease of the side folds.
It will be seen that the overlapping of the main folds and side folds to form a closure, either of the bottomof the bag or the valve-end thereof, and the application of the paste to the surface of the main'folds adjacent to that of the side folds (called herein for convenience the upper surface of the main folds) at the places over which the side folds will be positioned when they are pressed down to complete the closure, acts to exclude the contents of the bag from between the adjacent surfaces of the folds by sealing. the corners of the side folds to the main folds, so that there is no wedging action to separate them by the weight of the cement or other contents of the bag after the latter is filled.
What I claim is:
1. In a bag, main folds extending longitudinally of the bag to form part of the closure thereof,
transverse creases determining the axes of flexure of the main folds, side folds resting in part upon the main folds, and paste applied between the side folds and main folds, the paste limited in area so as not to cross the transverse creases of the main folds.
2. In a bag, main folds extending longitudinally of the bag to form part of the closure, side folds resting in part upon the main folds for completing the closure, slits in'the web delimiting the folds, transverse creases in the web forming axes upon which'the folds turn for folding to form the closure, and paste between the parts of the side folds resting upon the main folds and the said main folds to seal the folds together and substantially prevent entrance of the bag-contents between the folds, the paste not extending to the parts of the side walls of the bag upon which the folds are pressed in forming the bottom, as described.
3. In a bag, main folds and side folds for forming a closure, creases in the web for determining the lines of the folds, and paste between the main and side folds, the paste not extending past the creases to the parts of the side-walls of the bag against which the folds are pressed in forming the bottom.
THOMAS EARL COTY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US2729150 *||Apr 15, 1952||Jan 3, 1956||St Regis Bates S A||Multi-ply bags and methods for making same|
|US2845849 *||Apr 22, 1955||Aug 5, 1958||St Regis Paper Co||Method and apparatus for producing bags|
|US2864549 *||May 28, 1956||Dec 16, 1958||Bemis Bro Bag Co||Bag|
|US3262633 *||Jun 8, 1964||Jul 26, 1966||Bemis Co Inc||Bag|
|US4382538 *||Sep 26, 1980||May 10, 1983||St. Regis Paper Company||Valved lined container|
|US20030104914 *||Nov 11, 2002||Jun 5, 2003||Dieter Schwenke||Sack|
|DE875913C *||Feb 28, 1939||May 7, 1953||St Regis Paper Co||Ventilsack|
|U.S. Classification||383/126, 383/53, 383/52|
|International Classification||B65D30/18, B65D30/10|