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Publication numberUS2040678 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1936
Filing dateSep 4, 1934
Priority dateSep 4, 1934
Publication numberUS 2040678 A, US 2040678A, US-A-2040678, US2040678 A, US2040678A
InventorsBuskirk James Van
Original AssigneeBuskirk James Van
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Line splice
US 2040678 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 12, 1936. J. VAN BUSKIRK 2,040,678

LINE SPLICE Filed Sept. 4, '1934 I Z3 i "l zb "*llll// Patented May 12, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFicE LINE sPLIcE .James Van Buskirk, Evanston, Ill.

Application September 4,1934, serial No. '142,544

16 Claims. (Cl. 2lb-126) The invention relates to a splicing device and primarily to that type which is designed to connect adjacent ends of a. line wire to hold said cnds against separation and also effect a proper electrical connection between said ends.

The invention has among its various objects the production of a simple and inexpensive device capable of accomplishing the above functions in which, the number of elements employed is materially reduced and in which the holding effect is augmented as the force tending to separate said wires is increased.

The invention also has as an, ooject the provision of a device in which separable wire gripping elements are employed which when in one position assume a relation to accept a wire, the gripi ing elements being held in this condition through the agency of means resisting, although permitting relative or separable movement of said elements and a gripping effect to he applied thereby to a wire introduced thereto, to thus connect the gripping elements and the wire for unitary movement hy the wire, into engagement with a portion of a casing for said elements, and thus cause anincreased holding effect to oe applied by said elements to thus prevent Withdrawal of l the wire from said elements and casing.

The invention also sociated with each other, said elements having means associated therewith for maintaining one end of said elements in spaced relation to each other for the reception of a wire, the means allowing separation of said elements by the wire, as said wire is introduced thereto to thus cause separation of 'said elements and movement thereof into wedging relation with the casing.

The invention has these and other objects, all of which will be explained in detail and more readily understood when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing which illustrates one embodiment of which the invention is susceptible, it being manifest that changes and modifications may be resorted to Without departini from the spirit of the appended claims forming a part hereof.

In the drawing:

Figure l is a. central longitudinal section'of a device constructed according to one embodiment of the invention showing the respective gripping elements in positions to receive a. wire and in a position eiecting holding of a wire.

Figure 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2 of Figure i.

A has as an object the provision of gripping. elements which are pivotaliy asthe gripping elements H Figure 3 is a side elevation oi one of the gripping elements.

The structure illustrated in the drawing for accomplishing the above enumerated and other objects contemplates the utilization of a casingV 5 fenerally designated i0, the opposite ends of which are formed to provide the tapered or reduced ends respectively designated li and l2.

The use of sets of wire engaging elements gen--` erally designated i4 and i5 is contemplated, each lo set including pairs of elements respectively designated it and il. These elements IE and l'i are of a tapered formation and are formed to provided a centrally disposed passage i8 for the reception oi a wire such as i9. This passage may 15 ce provided with serrations, such as 2li, to there- 'oy provide means augmenting the holding eiect of these elements upon the wire,

These eiernents it and I1 have edges 2i and 22 which are formed to provide the angularly dis- 2o posed portions designated 23 and 25,' the juncture 25 of these angularly disposed faces forming a pivot upon which the elements l5 and il may rock to arrange the forward ends thereof in engagement with the casing to frictionally hold 25 said elements against movement relatively to said casing and in addition allow said elements to assume a relation to receive a Wire.

Means is'provided to hold said gripping elements in associated relation and also 'hold said 3o elements in engagement with said casing. To accomplish these functions one end of each of and l5 is formed to provide a recess 26 for the reception of a split spring ring 2'! which acts upon the rear end of 35 the gripping elements i6 and l1 to maintain the forward ends of said elements in separated and in engaging relation with the casing l0 as shown at the left of Figure L Introduction of a wire between said gripping 40 elements or to the passage i8 of the elements I6 and I1 causes the rear end of said gripping elements to be arranged in separated relation to each other against the action of the split spring ring 21, as shown to the right of 'Fig'. 1, thus 45 causing this last mentioned end of the gripping elements to be brought into engagement with the wall of the casing, in wedging relation with said wall.-

Movement of this last mentioned end of the gripping elements I6 and I1 into the relation just referred to, causes a. gripping effect to be applied to the wire, and causes movement of the gripping elements with the wire upon the application of a pulling effect upon said wire. l

' provided in which pivoted Aspring acts to troduce'd to This movement of the gripping elements by the wire causes the gripping elements to be moved toward the smaller end of the casing which causes the gripping elements to close upon the wire and the gripping action of said elements to be augmented, thus preventing withdrawal of the wire and separation of the wire from the device.

.'I'he invention also contemplates the utilization of means for preventing a wire introduced to one end ofthe casing fromV engaging and interiering with the proper operation of the other gripping elements. 'I'he means herein shown for accomplishing this feature includes the abutment elements 28 and 29 and a coiled spring 30 upon which the vabutment elements are mounted for movement within the casing. This coiled maintain the abutment elements in spaced relation to each other, yet allows said abutment elements to move when engaged by the wire. The'inner dimension of the coiled spring is o! a diameter suilicient to receive a wire such la Il, which thereby allows the wire to beq inthe spring and engage itsy respective abutment element and cause movement thereof and compression oi' that portion of the spring extending between said abutment elements. will be'noted that the abutment elements are arranged upon the spring so that portions 3| and 32 are provided which extend beyond the respective abutment elements.

'I'he portions 3| regulating the degree of inward movement of the gripping elements I5 .and I6 and in addition controls the distance the end of a wire such as I9 may project beyond the inner end oi the gripping elements.

' Manifestly upon introduction oi' a wire to one or the other oi' the gripping elements these elements engage the wire andmove with the wire into engagement with an end such as 3| of the coiled spring 30, causing compression oi this pory tion of the spring and movement ofthe abut'- ment element such as 28 and compression of that portion of the spring extending between said abutment elements. When the various elements, such as the spring, abutment elements and gripping elements have been moved into the above mentioned relation, further inward movement oi' said elements is arrested, however, the wire may be moved in an inward direction relatively to the gripping elements until the end oi' said wire engages its respective abutment. Since the portion such as 3| oi' the coiled spring is at this time also under compression this deiines the distance between the abutment plate and the inner end of the respective gripping elements which thusdetermines the distance which the inner end of the wire may project beyond the inner end oi' the gripping element.

From the foregoing description of the structure it is believed evident that a mechanism is employed, the vforward ends of which are maintained in spaced relation to each other and in engagement with the walls of the easing through the agency of means such as the split spring ring 21 which acts upon the rear end of said elements I6 and to cause movement of said elements on the pivot 25 to thus retain the forward end of said elements in said last mentioned condition.

It is also believed manifest that upon introduction of an end of a wire to between said elements I6 and I1, the spring ring 21 allows sepaof gripping elements each gripping elements are ration of said elements so that they may assume the position thereof shown at the right of Figure 1 in which position said elements are disposed in wedging relation to the casing i0. It is believed evident that when the gripping elements are arranged in this last mentioned relation a gripping action is applied by said elementsi 6 and I1 to the wire which connects these elements to the wire which upon movement of the wire in an endwise direction relative to the casing Ill causes the gripping effect to be augmented and the wire to be securely held against disconnection from the device.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to cover by Letters Patent is:

1. A gripping device comprised of a plurality of gripping elements each having a longitudinal groove formed therein, the groove of one element cooperating with the groove of another element to provide a longitudinal passage for the reception of a wire, the longitudinal edges forming the termination of the walls dening said groove having surfaces extending lengthwise of said elements arranged at an angle to each other the vertex of said angles providing a pivot for said elements and the surface extending in one direction from said vertex providing an element of a stop to limit movement of said elements toward each other.

2. A gripping device'comprised of a plurality of gripping elements each having a` longitudinal groove formed therein, the lgroove of one element cooperating with the groove of another eleprovide a longitudinal passage for the reception oi' a wire, the longitudinal edges fornithe vertex of said angles providing a pivot i'or said elements and resilient means for holding one angular surface of one of said elements in engaging relation to the angular surface of the other oi' said elements and holding the opposite end of said elements distended relatively to the virst mentioned end of said elements.

3. A gripping device comprised of a plurality having a longitudinal groove formed therein, the groove ofone element cooperating with the groove of another element to provide a longitudinal passage i'or the reception oi' a wire, the longitudinal edges i'orming the termination of the walls defining said groove having surfaces extending lengthwise oi' said elements .arranged at an angle to each other, the vertex of said angles providing for pivotal movement of said elements relatively to each other and means for holding one angular surface of one end oi' said elements in engagement with a corresponding angular surface oi' another element and permitting separable movement of said elements.

\ 4. In a linesplice the combination of a casing having a tapered portion and a plurality of gripping elements siidably arranged in said casing, said gripping elements each having a longitudigether form a passage for a tion to said casing,

y elements being separable and movable into func- Aso unitary pivotal relation end in spaced relation to mentioned end of said elements and engagement thereof with the taper of said casing.

5. In a line splice the combination of open ended casing tapered toward the opening of said casing and a plurality of gripping elements slidably mounted in said casing adopted to grip a wire upon movement of said elements toward said opened end of said casing, said gripping elements each having a longitudinally extending groove formed therein which together form a passage for a Wire introduced to said gripping elements, the longitudinal edges forming the termination of the walls deiining said groove havingy surfaces extending lengthwise of said elements arranged at an angle to each other, and means for maintainingV one end o said elements in slidable engagement with the taper of said casing and the opposite said taper and in vengagement with each other said means permitting separation of said last mentioned ends of said elements and movement thereof into functionally operative relation with the tapered portion of said casing.

6. In a line splice the combination of a casing having an open end and tapered toward said end and gripping means in said casing comprised of a plurality of gripping elements slidable longitudinally of said casing, the forward end of said gripping means being spaced from each other and being in engagement with said casing and extending therefrom at an angle to the tapered portion of said casing to thereby arrange the opposite end of said gripping element in spaced relameans for applying a compressive action to said last mentioned end for holding said first mentioned end in said spaced relation, said last mentioned end of said gripping tionally operative relation With the tapered portion of said casing uponthe introduction of a -wire thereto.

'7. In a line splice the combination of a casing and gripping elements arranged in said casing for the reception of a wire, said casing being open at its end and being tapered toward said end, said gripping elements having one end in slidable engagement with said casing and extending therefrom at an angle to the taper of said casing, the opposite ends of said gripping elements being mounted to pivot upon each other, means applying a compressive action to said pivoted end' of said elements and holding said elements in pivoted relation, said means permitting separation of said elements and movement thereof to a position substantially corresponding to the taper of said casing.

8. In a line splice the combination of a casing having a tapered portion and means in said casing f/or gripping a wire, said gripping means incluiing a plurality of elements unitarily connected with each other and being pivoted upon each other, and separable at said pivot, and means for maintaining said gripping means in said means applying a to said elements and,` mainsaid gripping means in spaced compressive action taining one end of relation to each other and in engagement With said casing and the opposite end in spaced relation to said casing, said last mentioned means permitting lateral separation of said elements into a relation substantially corresponding to the inclination of said Wedge shaped portion of said casing by a wire introduced to said gripping means.

9. In a line splice the combination of a casing relation to each other.

ing having a tapered 'groove formed therein,

having a tapered portion and gripping elements slidable longitudinally of the casing, said gripping elements being pivoted adjacent one end, said end being spaced from the casing, the opposite end being engagement with said casing, said gripping elements being separable and movable to a position substantially corresponding to the inclination of the tapered portion of said casing upon the introduction of a wire thereto, and means resisting said movement of said elements said means maintaining said elements in pivotal the combination of a casportion and gripping elements slidable longitudinally of said casing, said gripping elements lbeing pivoted adiacent one end, said end being spaced from the casing, the opposite end of said elements being in engagement with said casing, said rst mentioned pivotal end being separable and movable to a position substantially corresponding to the inclination of the tapered portion of said casing upon the introduction of a wire thereto and means resisting said movement of said elements tending to' maintain said pivotal relation of said elements. 11. A gripping device comprised of a plurality of gripping elements each having a longitudinal the grooves cooperating with each other to provide a longitudinal passage for the reception of a Wire, the longitudinal edges forming the termination of the walls dening said groove of one of said elements having surfaces extending lengthwise of said element arranged at an angle to each other, the vertex oi said angie providing a pivot for said element and means for holding said gripping elements in associated relation.

l2. A line splice consisting of a casing imperforate excepting at its ends and gripping devices comprised of a plurality l0. In a line splice diate the ends thereof and having portions extending inopposite directions from said intermediate portion, said last'mentioned portions being substantially oblong in cross-section to the extremities thereof and having opposed sides which are inclined in opposite directions and provide a vcasing having tapered end portions, means arranged in said intermediate portion of oblong cross section tending to maintain the elements of said gripping devices toward the smaller end of said tapered end portionsand in engaging relation with each other, said means permitting in- Ward movement of said gripping devices upon the introduction of a wire to said said elements of the gripping'devioes being separable relatively to each other upon introduction of a wire thereto,.said oblong formation of said casing providing means permitting separation of said elements of the gripping devices and prov viding means preventing relative rotative displacement of said gripping elements upon introduction ofa Wire thereto and movement thereof by said wire endwise of said casing, said inclined portions of said casing and said gripping elements having surfaces which are upon separation of said gripping elements.

13. A line splice consisting of a member providing a casing imperforate excepting at theends, and pairs of gripping devices for gripping a' wire introduced to the respective ends of said casing, said casing being oblong in cross section and having ends opposed sides of which are inclined in opposite directions to thereby provide a casing having an integral intermediate portion of oblong cross section and integral tapered oblong end porof gripping elements, said casing being oblong in cross-section intermegripping elements.

tions, means arranged in said intermediate portion tending to maintain the front end of said gripping devices in engagement with the smaller end of the taper of said gripping devicesbeing spaced from the inclined portions of said casing, saidlast mentioned ends of said gripping elements being separable and movable into engagement with the inclined sides of the tapered end of said casing upon the introduction the tapered end portions which connect the inclined Walls providing guide means preventing relative lateral displacement of the elements of the gripping devices upon said separable movement thereof, said inclined portions oi said ends and said gripping elements having portions which are complemental to each other and engageable with each other upon separation of said gripping elements.

14. A line splice consisting of a member providing a casing imperforate excepting at the ends thereof and pairs of gripping devices providing means for gripping a wire introduced to the respective ends of said casing, means acting upon said gripping devices tending to maintain an end of said gripping devices in engagement with the respective ends of said casing, said casing being oblong in cross section and sides of which are inclined in opposite directions to thereby provide a casing having an intermediate portion of oblong cross section and tapered oblong end portions which terminate in open ended portions, the diameter of the open ended portions being less than the diameter of the adjacent end of said gripping devices to thereby maintain the ends of said gripping devices substantially within the ends of said casing.

15. A line splice consisting of a member providing a casing imperforate excepting at the ends thereof and pairs of gripping devices providing means for gripping a wire introduced the reof said casing, the opposite end of a Wire thereto, the walls of having ends opposedV spective ends of said casing, means acting upon said gripping devices tending to maintain an end of said gripping devices in engagement with the respective ends of said casing, said casing being oblong in cross section and having ends oppoeed" directions sides of which are inclined to opposite to thereby provide a casing having an intermediate portion of oblong cross section and tapered oblong end portions which terminate in substantially circular open ended portions, the diameter of the open ended portions being less than the diameter of the adjacent end of said gripping devices to thereby maintain the ends of said gripping devices substantially within `the ends o! said CaSlIlg.

16. A line splice consisting of a member providing a casing imperforat excepting at the ends thereof,v gripping devices arranged in the opposite ends of said casing providing means for gripping a wire introduced to the respective ends of said casing and means tending to maintain an end of said gripping elements in engagement with the open end of said casing', said gripping devices consisting of elements which are separable upon the introduction of a wire thereto, said casing being oblong in cross section and having ends opposed sides of which are inclined in opposite directions to thereby provide a casing having an intermedia-te portion of oblong cross section and tapered oblong end portions, said gripping elements and said inclined sides having portions which are complemental to each other, one end of said gripping elements being spaced from said inclined sides and being movable into engagement therewith upon the introduction of a wire to said gripping devices, the walls f Said casing forming the connection between said inclined walls providing guides for said gripping devices upon said last mentioned movement thereof.

JAMES VAN BUSmK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2420067 *Nov 1, 1943May 6, 1947Crozier Harold ECollet attachment for lathes or other metalworking machines
US2555381 *May 26, 1947Jun 5, 1951Thisse Clyde JDevice for inserting and extracting metal radio tubes
US2652273 *Nov 15, 1951Sep 15, 1953Davis Harold DLine splicer
US2657083 *Dec 13, 1945Oct 27, 1953Productive Inventions IncCoupling means
US2670214 *Jan 24, 1951Feb 23, 1954C V A Jigs Moulds & Tools LtdChuck
US2670215 *Jan 24, 1951Feb 23, 1954C V A Jigs Moulds & Tools LtdChuck
US2829900 *Dec 21, 1956Apr 8, 1958Davis Robert EDouble-ended chuck
US2834186 *Aug 16, 1955May 13, 1958Frerichs John OApparatus for launching revetment mats and cable clamping means therefor
US2883200 *May 11, 1955Apr 21, 1959Smith Frederick HCollet pads
US2918961 *Feb 6, 1958Dec 29, 1959 Grip for straightening structrual sections
US3038971 *Jun 23, 1960Jun 12, 1962Rudolph HorvathElectrical starting clip for a model airplane engine
US3049775 *Mar 23, 1959Aug 21, 1962Supreme Products CorpStrand chuck
US3778868 *Jul 30, 1971Dec 18, 1973Kelly WChuck assembly
US7875056 *Jan 25, 2011Anpa Medical, Inc.Wedge operated retainer device and methods
US20070021781 *Apr 27, 2006Jan 25, 2007Jervis James EWedge Operated Retainer Device And Methods
US20110166599 *Jul 7, 2011Anpa Medical, Inc.Wedge operated retainer device and methods
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/303, 279/58, 439/820
International ClassificationF16G11/00, F16G11/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16G11/04
European ClassificationF16G11/04