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Publication numberUS2041694 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 26, 1936
Filing dateMar 27, 1934
Priority dateMar 27, 1934
Publication numberUS 2041694 A, US 2041694A, US-A-2041694, US2041694 A, US2041694A
InventorsBuckley Edmond C
Original AssigneeBuckley Edmond C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sampling valve
US 2041694 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

26, 1936. E. c. BUCKLEY v 2,041,694

, Patented May 26, 1936 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SAMPLING VALVE Edmond 0. Buckley, Langley Field, Va.

Application March 27, 1934, Serial No. 717,601

13 Claims. (Cl. 137-145) (Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as

amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a mechanism whereby a valve may be opened for a very short and consistent period of time, the amount of lift being large considering the extremely short period. Among the various uses of such a device are: sampling the contents of the cylinder of an internal-combustion engine at some particular phase-point; indicating, at some particular phase-point, a pressure which has a cyclic variation as in an engine cylinder; injecting fuel into an engine cylinder. To sample accurately the cylinder contents or indicate accurately the pressure at some particular phasepoint requires a device with as short an open period as may be conveniently used.

The device is designed to possess advantages over previous similar machines in having no connecting passage between the cylinder and the valve as the valve opens directly into the cylinder. It has an accurate and consistent open period and latitude of adjustment thereof from 0.001 second to no opening at all. There is a minimum of variation in phasing as the possibility of any eifect of inconsistencies in operation has been reduced to a minimum. The valve has a large value of stem lift considering the extreme shortness of the period. The valve when open has a high orifice coeflicient. The internal volume of the valve has been reduced to a very small quantity. A gas-tight seal is incorporated which prevents any error because of leakage. In the valve are incorporated provisions for fluid cooling and for electrical indication of the time and amount of opening.

With these objects in view, the invention consists: of the devices described and set forth in the claims and the. equivalents thereof.

In general, the device operates by storing potential energy, utilizing the potential energy at the desired time to set a mass in motion and depending upon the impact of the moving mass on casing ll by means of shaft l8. Cam follower 2 is adjustably mounted on rocker arm or hammer 3 and is adapted to abut against periphery of cam l. Shims 32 located between the cam follower 2 and the rocker arm 3, allow for the adjustment of the amount of movement of the rock'- er arm 3 and therefore the amount of compression of spring [0. Support 23 is mounted in the housing 1 and is adapted to support the end of spring Ill. The other end of spring l0 abuts against spring retainer 24 which in turn is adapted to abut rocker arm 3 and by this means follower 2 is normally held in contact with cam I.

The casing i1 is separably connected with the upper end of housing 7 by a coupling nut 34.

Diaphragm 8, which is a flexible annular disk, is clamped at its outer edge to shoulder 35 of the housing 1, by means of nut 3| and forms a gastight seal with the housing. Valve stem 5 passes through the hole in the diaphragm 8 and is clamped by means of collar 36 and nut [9 to the diaphragm, forming a gas-tight seal with the diaphragm. The diaphragm 8 is sufiiciently flexible to allow a limited movement of the valve stem 5; The valve stem 5 is provided at its lower end with a conical seat 6 adapted to seat on mating surface located in the housing I. The upper end of the valve stem 5 passes through opening 2| in the rocker arm 3 and is threaded to receive adjustable anvil 4 which is adapted to be abutted by the rocker arm. Lock nut 33 also screws on the top of valve stem 5 and locks anvil 4 in the desired position relative to rocker arm 3. The position of anvil 4 is so adjusted on the valve stem 5 and the length of spring 10 so apportioned, that the resilient element l I acts only against the inertia of the moving parts in restoring the valve stem to its seat. Resilient element I I is located in the housing 1 between nut 22, which is adjustably mounted in the housing 1, and nut IS on the valve stem 5, and provides a means for returning the valve stem to its normal seated position and holding it thereon. Nut 22 provides a means for adjusting the initial compression of the resilient element ll. Eccentric lever I3 is pivotally mounted in casing I! and provided with an edge 30 adapted to abut against the surface of rocker arm 3. The dimensions of the eccentric lever l3 are so apportioned that when said eccentric lever is rotated through an angle of 90 in the direction shown in Figure 1, the rocker arm 3 is depressed, moving the cam follower 2 clear of the periphery of cam I. Insulating sleeve 25 is rigidly mounted in the casing l1. Lug I2 is adjustably mounted in the insulating sleeve 25 and provides an adjustable means for limiting the movement of the valve stem 5. The lug l2 also provides an electrical contact for indicating the time and amount of lifting of the valve stem 5.

Port 9 in the housing I communicates with the valve seat 6 by means of passage 26 and provides for the passage of fluid at any time that the valve stem 5 is lifted. Referring to Figures 1 and 2, ports 21 and 28 communicate with the annular passage 29 and provide a means for fluid cooling of the housing I.

The device operates in the following manner: Cam' I is rotated in the direction shown in Figure 1 and by means of its bearing on cam follower 2, depresses rocker arm 3 against the action of spring It]. When point M on the cam I passes point IS on the cam follower 2, the rocker arm 3 is released and is set in motion by spring l0. Rocker arm 3 continues to move until impact with anvil 4, which causes a displacement of the valve stem 5 against the action of resilient element II. In this manner the valve stem 5 is very quickly lifted ofi its seat leaving a clearance space between surface 6 on the valve stem 5 and surface 20 on the casing 'l. Resilient element ll quickly returns the valve stem 5 to its seated position. If desired, adjustable lug l2 can be used to limit the maximum movement of the valve stem 5. Port 9 in the casing 1 provides for the passage of the fluid through the annular space 26 and through the space between 6 and 20 when the valve stem 5 is lifted.

The action of the valve can be stopped by rotating eccentric l3 through an angle of in the direction shown by the arrow in Figure 1, in which position its lower edge 30 abuts the rocker arm, depressing the rocker arm until there is no contact at any time between the cam follower 2 and the cam I.

For purposes of description, I have confined myself to the mechanism shown in the drawing, but it will be understood that many modifications in details of construction and arrangement of parts may be made Without departing from the spirit of my invention.

I claim:

1. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem, provided with an anvil and a means for periodically actuating said valve stem comprising a resilient means for normally holding the valve stem in its closed position, a movable hammer slidable on said valve stem and movable about a fixed axis at one end for impact with the anvil and a means for periodically impelling said hammer into impact with said anvil.

2. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem provided with an anvil, a movable hammer slidable on said valve stem and movable about a fixed axis at one end for impact with said anvil, actuating mechanism comprising a means for storing potential energy and at a prescribed time releasing said potential energy for impelling the hammer into impact with the anvil whereby displacing the valve stem, and resilient means for returning the valve stem to its original position, the said anvil being so positioned on the valve stem and the actuating mechanism being so apportioned that the valve stem returning-means acts only against the inertia of the moving parts in returning the valve stem to its original position.

3. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem, an adjustable anvil on said valve stem, a movable hammer slidable on said valve stem and movable about a fixed axis at one end for impact with said anvil, cyclic actuating mechanism comprising a means for storing and at prescribed times releasing potential energy for periodically impelling the hammer into impact with the anvil whereby displacing the valve stem, and resilient means for returning the valve stem to its original position, the position of the said anvil on the valve stem being so adjusted relative to the hammer and the strength of the said cyclic actuating mechanism being so apportioned that the valve stem returning-means acts only against the inertia of the moving parts.

4. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem provided with an anvil and a means for periodically actuating said valve stem comprising a resilient means for normally holding the valve stem in its closed position, a movable hammer slidable on said valve stem and movable about a fixed axis at one end for impact with the anvil, a resilient element normally in contact with the hammer, and cyclic means for successively depressing the hammer against the action of the resilient element and suddenly releasing said hammer into impact with said anvil.

5. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem provided with an anvil, a movable hammer slidable on said valve stem and movable about a fixed axis at one end for impact with said anvil, a resilient element normally in contact with said hammer, means for successively depressing the hammer against the action of the resilient element and suddenly releasing said hammer into impact with said anvil, and resilient means for restoring the valve stem to it s original position.

6. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem provided with an adjustable anvil, a movable hammer slidable on said valve stem and movable about a fixed axis at one end for impact with said anvil, a resilient element normally in contact with said hammer, means for adjusting the tension in said resilient element, means for successively depressing the hammer against the action of the resilient element, and suddenly releasing said hammer into impact with said anvil, and resilient means for returning the valve stem to its original position, the position of the said anvil on the valve stem being so adjusted relative to the hammer and the tension of the said resilient element being so apportioned that the valve stem returning means acts only against the inertia of the moving parts.

'7. In a device of the class described, a housing, an orifice in the housing provided with a seat, a valve stem slidable in the housing and provided with an anvil, a flexible diaphragm fastened at its central portion to the valve stem and at its outer portion to the housing, said housing, valve stem, and diaphragm combining to form a chamber of high surface-to-volume ratio, a port communicating with said chamber, a passage substantially surrounding said chamber for the flow of cooling fluid, resilient means for normally holding the valve stem in abutment with the seat, means for periodically lifting the valve stem from 'said seat comprising a hammer movably mounted in the housing and disposed to abut the anvil, a resilient element in contact with said hammer, and a means for successively depressing the hammer against the action of the resilient element and suddenly releasing the hammer into impact with the anvil.

8. In a device of the class described, a housing, a valve stem slidable in said housing, a flexible diaphragm fastened at its central portion to the valve stem and at its outer portion to the housing, 75

said housing, valve stem, and diaphragm combining to form an annular chamber of extremely high surface to low volume ratio, and said housing having a passage therein substantially surrounding said chamber for the flow of cooling fluid, a movable hammer adapted to abut against said anvil, means for impelling said hammer into impact with the anvil whereby displacing said valve stem, and resilient means for returning the valve stem to its original position.

9. In a device of the class described, a housing, a valve stem provided with an anvil, a movable hammer adapted to abut against said anvil, a resilient element normally in contact with said hammer, a cam follower mounted on said hammer, a spiral quick-drop cam co-acting with said cam follower for successively depressing the hammer against the action of the resilient element and suddenly releasing said hammer into impact with said anvil, and resilient means for returning the valve stem to its original position, a flexible diaphragm fastened at its central portion to the valve stem and at its outer portion to the housing, said housing valve stem and diaphragm combining to form a chamber of high surface to volume ratio, a passage in the housing substantially surrounding the said chamber for the flow of cooling fluid.

10. In a device of the class described, a movable valve stem provided at its upper end with an anvil, a movable hammer encircling the valve stem below the anvil and slidable on the valve stem to abut against said anvil, a resilient element normally in contact with said hammer, a cam follower mounted on said hammer, a spiral quick-drop cam coacting with said cam follower for successively depressing the hammer on the valve stem and away from the anvil against the action of the resilient element and suddenly releasing the hammer for quick upward movement along the valve stem and into impact with said anvil, and resilient means for returning the valve stem to its original position.

11. In a valve mechanism, a tubular body having a port at one end, a valve in the body having a stem, an anvil on the valve stem, 2. flexible disk secured to the valve stem and to the tubular body inwardly of the said port and anvil to provide a seal, a rocker arm loosely encircling the stem inwardly of the anvil and pivotally mounted on the body to turn about an axis for movement along the stem into and out of impact with the anvil, a pair of elastic elements encircling the stem between the seal and the rocker arm, one of the elastic elements pressing at one end against the body and at the other end against the stem to normally maintain the valve seated over the port and the other elastic element bearing at one end against the body and at the other end against the rocker arm to normally hold the latter against the anvil, and automatic means for successively depressing the arm against the resistance of the elastic holding element and suddenly releasing the arm for impact with the anvil.

12. A valve mechanism including a tubular body having a valve port at one end thereof, a stem valve extending longitudinally of the body and normally seated at one end over the port and having an abutment-forming element on its opposite end, a flexible disk fastened to both the stem valve and the body inwardly of the opposite ends thereof to provide a seal, a rocker arm loosely encircling the stem valve adjacent to and inwardly of the said abutment-forming element and pivotally mounted on the said body to turn about an axis for movement along the stem into and away from impact with said element, and separat-e and independently acting elastic tension devices encircling the stem valve inwardly of the said seal and rocker arm and arranged so that each of said tension devices has one end thereof stationary with respect to the housing and the other end movable relative to the housing, the movable end of one tension device being in abutment with the rocker arm and the movable end of the other tension device being in abutment with the stem valve.

13. In a device of the class described, a valve housing having a valve port, a valve, elastic valveclosing means engaging and maintaining the said valve normally seated over the valve port, a stem on the valve, an abutment forming element adjacent the outer end of the valve stem, a movable mass mounted loosely on the valve stem inwardly of the abutment-forming element, a support member to which the said mass is pivotally connected to turn about an axis for movement along the valve into and away from impact with the abutment-forming element, an elastic tension device engaged with the mass to yieldably thrust the latter normally against the abutment-forming element, cyclic actuating mechanism for moving the mass against the tension device to compress the latter and suddenly releasing the mass for valve opening impact with the abutment-forming element of the valve stem, said mechanism including a quick drop cam rotatably mounted on the support member and a cam follower on the said mass, and a stop lever pivotally mounted on said support for rotation into a position in which one end of the lever abuts and holds the rocker arm depressed with the cam follower out of contact with the cam.

EDMOND C. BUCKLEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2623544 *Sep 30, 1946Dec 30, 1952Rockwell Mfg CoAutomatic sampler
US4348909 *Aug 15, 1980Sep 14, 1982Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbhSampling probe for taking partial liquid quantities from various phases of two immiscible liquids
US4580452 *Sep 7, 1984Apr 8, 1986Guy MassonDevice for taking a liquid from a conduit which contains the liquid or for injecting a liquid into the conduit
US5296197 *Jul 9, 1992Mar 22, 1994Nl Technologies, LimitedAutomated sample extractor or feeder/inoculator for bioreactors and similar equipment
US5525301 *Mar 21, 1994Jun 11, 1996Nl Technologies, Ltd.Automated sample extractor or feeder/inoculator for bioreactors and similar equipment
US5786209 *Mar 12, 1996Jul 28, 1998Nl Technologies, Ltd.Automated sample extractor or feeder/inoculator for bioreactors and similar equipment
US6133022 *Jul 27, 1998Oct 17, 2000Nl Technologies, LimitedAutomated sample extractor or feeder/inoculator for bioreactors and similar equipment
US6821773Oct 16, 2000Nov 23, 2004Nl Technologies, Ltd.Drainable ferrule valve design
US8931519Feb 18, 2005Jan 13, 2015Waters Technologies CorporationPin valve assembly
US9488292 *Nov 8, 2012Nov 8, 2016Robert Bosch GmbhDevice for cooling a metering valve
US20050253106 *Nov 22, 2004Nov 17, 2005Newberg Douglas ADrainable ferrule valve design
US20060157113 *Mar 20, 2006Jul 20, 2006Newberg Douglas AThermally insulating interfaces
US20140299202 *Nov 8, 2012Oct 9, 2014Robert Bosch GmbhDevice for cooling a metering valve
EP1404290A1 *Jun 6, 2002Apr 7, 2004NL Technologies, Ltd.Thermally insulating interfaces
EP1404290A4 *Jun 6, 2002Mar 21, 2007Nl Technologies LtdThermally insulating interfaces
WO1994001750A1 *Jul 7, 1993Jan 20, 1994Nl Technologies, LimitedAutomated sample extractor or feeder/inoculator for bioreactors and similar equipment
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/340, 73/863.86, 251/114, 73/863.11
International ClassificationF16K31/52, F16K31/524
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/52408
European ClassificationF16K31/524B