|Publication number||US2042274 A|
|Publication date||May 26, 1936|
|Filing date||Dec 30, 1933|
|Priority date||Dec 30, 1933|
|Publication number||US 2042274 A, US 2042274A, US-A-2042274, US2042274 A, US2042274A|
|Inventors||John E Pollock|
|Original Assignee||Standard Oil Dev Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 3 J. E. POLLOCK I 2,042,274
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROTECTING OIL STORAGE TANKS Filed Dec. 50,v 1933 Patented ay 26, 1936 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROTECT- ING 01L STORAGE TANKS John E; Pollock, Baytown, Tex., assig'nor to Standard Oil Development Company, a corporation of Delaware Application December 30, 1933, Serial No. 704,719
ence numeral l designates a steel storage tank for oil. The tank I is provided with a cone shaped roof 2. The oil is disposed in the tank I with its normal level 3 below the base of the cone shaped roof 2 and in actual service the level of the oil may fall to a point close to the bottom of the tank leaving a vapor space 4. The oil in actual service may be a sour oil which causes considerable corrosion of the metal in the vapor space under the usual working conditions in which the roof is free from a protecting film of oil. The corrosion of the tank at the vapor space is due to air, moisture and the corrosive vapors evolved from the oil.
The roof and sidewalks of the tank above the oil level and forming the vapor space of the tank are periodically covered with a protective coating of oil through the following arrangement of parts: The oil to be stored is forced into the tank through a pump line 5 and inlet pipe 6. A
valve 1 is provided in line 5. A portion of the incoming oil is diverted from line 5 through a branch line III to a feed pipe ll. Line I0 is provided with valve V2. The feed pipe II is disposed in a substantially vertical position with its bottom end resting on the base of the storage tank I. A manifold Ila at the upper end of the pipe II is provided with a. plurality of branch pipes l3 arranged in the form of an inverted cone.
The free ends of the branch pipes I 3 and I4 areopen and are adapted to direct the oil against the under surface of the roof.
Alternatively the free ends of the branch pipes l3 may be fitted with a circular or whirling spray, or the like, to secure better spreading of the oil.
While the spray device has been described as a main distributing pipe having a cone shaped arrangement of branch'pipes, it will be understood that it may be otherwise shaped as desired with due regard to ease of construction and area to be wetted. For example, the arms I: canbe radially disposed with respect to each other, or they can be replaced by concentric rings of tubing having perforations directing the oil toward the under surface of the roof. If desired, the central pipe H to convey the oil to the roof can be replaced by an external line to any point on the roof to convey the oil to the distributing arms 5 i3.
In filling the tank with oil to be stored, a portion of the oil is diverted through line H! to spray the under side of the roof 2. The film of oil thus formed upon the under surface of the roof 2 10 may become too thin in time to protect the roof from corrosion.- The oil can be projected through the spray device at any desired time interval such as monthly or the like to insure the presence of a protective film of oil upon the roof and 1;, tank sidewalls.
By the construction described, the under surface of the roof and the upper sidewalls of existing and new tankage can be protected from corrosion at very little expense. No additional 20 agent, other than the oil being stored, is required to efiect this protection. While the invention has been described as applied to the protection of a cone shaped roof, it will be understood that it is equally applicable to other shaped roofs having 25 a vapor space between the roof and the upper surface of the body of oil being stored.
Various changes may be made within the scope 'of the appended claims in which it is desired to claim all novelty inherent in the invention as 30 broadly as the prior art permits.
1. The method of protecting the under surface of the roof of an oil storage tank from corrosion, x which comprises introducing oil into the tank and by-passing a portion of the incoming oil against the under surface of the roof to form a film of oil upon the surface.
2. In combination with an oil storage tank having a roof the under surface 01 which is substantially conical, means for injecting oil against the under surface comprising an inlet pipe having a plurality of branch pipes arranged in the form of an inverted cone with end openings to direct oil against the under surface of the roof. 45
3., The method of protecting from corrosion the walls of the vapor space of a tank containing a. liquid capable of inhibiting the corrosive eflect of its own vapor, which comprises circulating the liquid in the tank over the walls whereby corrosive activity of the vapor is inhibited.
4. The method of protecting" the walls of the vapor space of an oil containing tank from corrosion, which comprises circulating the all contents of the tank over the walls whereby corrosive 55 activity of the vapor is inhibited.
JOHN E. POLLOCK.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2634223 *||Jul 1, 1949||Apr 7, 1953||Standard Oil Dev Co||Method for inhibiting corrosion in storage vessels|
|US2746684 *||May 6, 1948||May 22, 1956||Oliver D Colvin||Apparatus for preventing corrosion in storage compartments|
|US2867672 *||Aug 29, 1955||Jan 6, 1959||Shell Dev||Method of minimizing styrene polymerization during storage|
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|U.S. Classification||220/694, 220/567.2, 220/917|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S220/917, B65D90/22|