|Publication number||US2043409 A|
|Publication date||Jun 9, 1936|
|Filing date||Mar 17, 1934|
|Priority date||Dec 24, 1932|
|Publication number||US 2043409 A, US 2043409A, US-A-2043409, US2043409 A, US2043409A|
|Original Assignee||Krupp Ag Grusonwerk|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 9, 1936. H. HEITMANN APPARATUS FOR THE CONTINUOUS KEXTRACTION OF MATERIAL Filed March 17, 1934 Patented June 9, 1936 APPARATUS FOR THE CONTINUOUS EXTRACTION 0F MATERIAL Heinrich Heitmann, Magdeburg, Germany, as-
signorv to the firm Fried. Krupp Grusonwerk Aktiengesellschaft, Magdeburg-Buckau, Germany Application March 17, 1934, Serial No. '116,159 In Germany December 24, 1932 4 Claims.
The invention relates to an apparatus for the extraction of material by means of a solvent, andthe invention is particularly intended for the extraction of vegetable oils and fats, in which the extraction material and the solvent move in opposite directions. According to the invention the extraction apparatus consists of an upright receptacle which is subdivided in its interior into two chambers in communication with each other and concentric to each other and in which work feeding means which cause the material to pass through the two chambers successively in the opposite direction to the solvent. These two chambers may be provided by arranging a tube concentrically in the extraction receptacle. 'I'he extraction material is delivered at the top into the annular chamber formed between the tube and the wall of the extraction receptacle, whilst the supply of the solvent takes place in the tube at the top, and the extraction material rises in the tube after traversing the annular chamber. 'I'he feeding elements in the annular chamber are arranged advantageously externally on the wall of this tube, which is rotatably mounted and driven. The feeding elements may be driven separately in order to enable the speed of the feeding of the extraction material in the annular chamber and in the rotary tube to be regulated.
The invention, as compared with known apparatus, presents the advantage that the extraction of the material takes place in a single receptacle.
A constructional example of the subject-matter of the invention is shown in longitudinal section in the drawing.
In the uprightly arranged extraction receptacle I there are provided the two chambers A and B. The chambers A and B are formed as follows: In the extraction receptacle I there is arranged centrically a tube 2. 'I'his tube is suspended on the supporting ring 4 the hub of which is mounted rotatably gn the shaft 6 arranged inside the tube 2 and "is supported on the collar 1 of the shaft 6. 'I'he hub 5, and consequently also the tube 2, are rotated by means of a gear wheel fastened unrotatably on a prolongation 5 of the hub 5, for example by a worm wheel 9 which is driven by a worm 9. The lower end of the shaft 6 extends through the closing cover I0 of the receptacle I and is mounted in any desired manner at the lower end. The shaft B is rotated by a driving device II' arranged in any desired manner in the casing. 0n the shaft 6 there are arranged feeding elements I2 which feed the material from below upwards through the tube 2. The inclination of the feeding elements I2, which may be imperforate or perforate, may be the same throughout, or as shown, in the upper portion of the tube 2 it may be different from (smaller than) in the lower portion of the tube. The tube 2, which may be perforated at the lower end as illustrated, carries on its periphery feeding elements I3, which may be imperforate or perforate. At the upper end of the tube 2 there are in the wall of the tube several outlet openings I4, which open into the chamber I5 for the delivery of the exhausted material, from which the material is removed by means of the blades I6. In front of the openings I4 there are located in the tube 2 removing devices I1. For delivering the material into the chamber A formed between the tube 2 and the container wall I there serves the tube 20 which is provided with a feeding worm I9 and which is connected to the delivery chamber 2l. Below the chamber 2I the wall of the container is provided for a short distance with perforations I'. of the container I is made preferably conical and forms there a chamber C which connects the two chambers A and B and at the beginning of which the tube 2 ends, whilst the feeding elements I2 extend into the chamber C. The shaft Ii is made hollow in the upper portion and serves for the supply of the solvent which is fed through the pipe 22 and which passes out through nozzles 23 arranged on the shaft 6.
The mode of operation of the extracting apparatus is as followsz- The material supplied through the delivery tube 20 to the delivery chamber 2| is fed by means of the feeding elements 24 arranged on the tube 2 into the annular chamber A formed between the tube 2 and the wall of the container I. The loose material is then gradually forwarded into the chamber A downwards into the chamber C of the container I by means of the .feeding elements I3 arranged on the periphery of the tube 2. From the chamber C the material is fed upwards by means of the feed- The lower end I" y ing elements I2 in the tube 2 and passes through y the outlet openings II of the said tube 2 into the delivery chamber I5 from which the material is forwarded into the delivery hopper 26 by means of the blades I6. The solvent supplied through the hollow shaft 6 and issuing into the chamber B through the nozzles 23 traverses the material in the opposite direction. In this way the solvent takes up fat or other matter out of the material, passes upwards in the annular chamber A after leaving the chamber B and traversing the chamber C, and leaves the annular chamber A as a concentrated mixture through the openings l of the extraction receptacle I. When, in accordance with the constructional example, the feeding elements l2 in the upper part of chamber B are given a smaller inclination above the solvent outlet 23 than the feeding' elements I2 below the solvent outlet 23, this arrangement brings it about that the lixiviated material impregnated with solvent is lightly squeezed before it passes out of the chamber B. In consequence of this compression of the material in the upper portion of the chamber B it is brought about at the same time that the freshly supplied solvent nds resistance upwards in the chamber B and is thus compelled to pass downwards in the chamber B through the more loosely packed material in the region of the feeding devices of greater inclination. This is assisted also by the difference of level between the solvent inlet 23 and the concentrated liquor outlets I. The apparatus is suitable not only for the extraction of oil seeds but also for other fatty and non-fatty material, which is to be treated by lixiviation.
What I claim is:
1. Apparatus for continuous lixiviation of solid materials, comprising an upright receptacle and a tube therein dividing its inner space into two concentric chambers, feeding means to move material to be lixiviated downward in one of said chambers, feeding means to move the material upward in the other of said chambers, separate 'driving means for said feeding means whereby they may be driven at different speeds, and means to cause a solvent to flow through said chambers in succession in counter-current to the material.
2. Apparatus for continuous lixiviation of solid materials, comprising an upright receptacle and a tube therein dividing its inner space into two concentric chambers, feeding means to move the vmaterial downward within said tube comprising rotary helical blades decreasing in pitch at the 5 upper end of said tube, separate driving means for said feeding means whereby they may be driven at dm'erent speeds, and means to cause a solvent to fiow through said chambers in succession in counter-current to the material.
3. Apparatus for continuous lixiviation of solid materials, comprising an upright receptacle and a tube therein dividing its inner space into two concentric chambers, feeding means to move material to be lixiviated downward in one of said chambers, feeding means to move the material upward in the other of said chambers, separate driving means for said feeding means whereby they may be driven at different speeds, said receptacle being perforated near its upper end on its circumference as a sieve forming outlets for the concentrated liquor, and means to cause a solvent to flow through said chambers insuc cession in counter-current to the material.
4. Apparatus for continuous lixiviation of solid materials, comprising an upright receptacle and a tube therein dividing its inner space into two concentric chambers, feeding means to move material to be lixiviated downward in one of said chambers, feeding means to move the material upward in the other of said chambers, separate driving means for said feeding means whereby they may be driven at different speeds, and means to cause a solvent to flow through said chambers in succession in counter-current to the material, the lower end of the tube being perforated on its circumference as a sieve.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2577135 *||Jun 6, 1950||Dec 4, 1951||Pfeifer Und Langen||Device for extraction of sugar from sugar beet slices|
|US2637666 *||Jan 31, 1950||May 5, 1953||Langen Eugen||Extraction tower for comminuted material of vegetable or plant origin, particularly sugar beets|
|US2664190 *||Dec 27, 1949||Dec 29, 1953||Phillips Petroleum Co||Flow control apparatus|
|US2749258 *||Aug 1, 1952||Jun 5, 1956||Joseph P Ruth||Sugar diffusing apparatus|
|US2970776 *||Jun 27, 1957||Feb 7, 1961||Meili & Worthington Inc||Waste disintegrating machines|
|US3178842 *||Oct 16, 1961||Apr 20, 1965||Zimmerman William||Identification locket|
|US3476296 *||Jul 18, 1967||Nov 4, 1969||Siwersson Olle Lennart||Conveying apparatuses|
|US3859217 *||Jan 15, 1973||Jan 7, 1975||Monsanto Co||Apparatus for separating high from low viscosity fluids|
|US3867194 *||May 10, 1973||Feb 18, 1975||Buckau Wolf Maschf R||Diffusion tower construction|
|US4323539 *||Sep 12, 1975||Apr 6, 1982||Chilson Richard E||Apparatus for continuously leaching ore|
|US4705432 *||Dec 19, 1985||Nov 10, 1987||Union Oil Company Of California||Apparatus for preparing sulfur particles having uniform size distribution|
|US6537191 *||Jun 14, 1999||Mar 25, 2003||Alfa Laval Ab||Centrifugal separator|
|US6712751 *||Oct 4, 2002||Mar 30, 2004||Alfa Laval Ab||Centrifugal separator for separating solids from a liquid mixture centrally fed through a gear device|
|US6716153 *||Oct 4, 2002||Apr 6, 2004||Alfa Laval Ab||Centrifugal separator for separating solids from a liquid mixture centrally fed through a gear device|
|DE2844950A1 *||Oct 16, 1978||Apr 24, 1980||Buckau Wolf Maschf R||Diffusion tower for extn. of sugar beet shreds - with central and concentric hollow shafts for transport blades contra-rotating at different speeds|
|U.S. Classification||422/273, 210/194, 210/415, 494/36, 210/178, 494/901, 494/44, 210/211, 494/53, 127/5|
|Cooperative Classification||B01D11/0226, Y10S494/901|